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Climate Watch

Assessing Mali’s Direction Nationale De La Météorologie Agrometeorological Advisory Program: preliminary report on the climate science and farmer use of advisories

<p>In June 2011, USAID organized a West African Adaptation Workshop under the Adaptation Partnership in Dakar, Senegal. The workshop had several goals, including improving the awareness of and demand for climate services in the region among decision-makers in various sectors, improving climate service providers&rsquo; understanding of decision-makers&rsquo; needs, identifying opportunities to design and deliver climate services for decision making, and sharing information on good practices and models.<br /><br />This report (one of two) contains an assessment of the forecasts and science behind the advisories themselves, and an assessment of the use of the agrometeorological advisories at the community, household, and individual level in southern Mali.</p><p>The report recommends:</p><ul><li>performing a detailed quantitative assessment of the past performance of the forecasts that undergird the advisories</li><li>shift current advisory construction away from the use of analogue years, as previous experiences of similar rainfall may not hold in a changing climate</li><li>conduct research into the predictability of intra-seasonal variations in rainfall, including the start and end dates of the rainy season, and probability of extreme events, such as prolonged dry spells or very intense rains, at both one-week and one-month lead times, as parallel studies in other parts of the Sahel suggest these quantities are potentially predictable</li><li>investigate means of conveying forecast uncertainties to farmers as a part of advisories</li><li>expand advisories to address gender, the needs of pastoralists, and for poorer farmers who may have greater difficulty responding to advisories in a timely manner</li><li>better understanding the role of weather and climate (and therefore climate services) in rural<br />livelihoods more broadly</li></ul>

24 Oct 2014 16:03:59 GMT

Gender and climate change adaptation in agrarian settings

<p>The impacts of climate variability and change on the rural poor in the Global South become more pronounced with each passing year. While entire communities and regions will be exposed to the same changing temperatures and precipitation, the ways in which they are vulnerable to these changes will vary greatly. As the contemporary literature on adaptation now acknowledges, the patterns of vulnerability to climate change impacts we see today are largely, if not principally, shaped by social factors ranging from gender roles to class to ethnicity. In short, these social factors have broad ramifications for the ways in which people experience and address the impacts of climate variability and change in their lives.</p><p>This report presents three case studies (on Ghana, Mali and Malawi) that illustrate the importance of this contemporary approach to gender when applied to climate change adaptation in rural, agrarian settings. Each case demonstrates that in studies predicated on simple gender categories, the particular challenges and vulnerabilities of a significant portion of the population in question become difficult to identify.</p><p>This report concludes that:</p><ul> <li>identity categories most relevant to understanding vulnerability in a particular place are contextually specific. In the Ghana case, it was the intersection of gender with livelihoods strategies and household situation that brought out the identities most responsible for the production of different livelihoods vulnerabilities to climate change impacts. In the Mali case, the salient intersection was gender and seniority. In Malawi, distinct and differentiated vulnerabilities within gender groups only become visible when gender is understood in the context of the village of residence, and its proximity to the unique livelihoods opportunities and resources in the Mount Mulanje Forest Reserve (MMFR)</li> <li>the use of binary gender analysis to explore vulnerability to climate change impacts risks glossing over important intra-community and intra-household vulnerabilities, including those of the most marginal and vulnerable</li> <li>in the Ghana case, it is very difficult to identify and address the specific livelihoods vulnerabilities of women in female-headed households, and women in diversified households, via a binary gender analysis, as such analysis aggregates the situations of all women into something that most resembles the situations of women in market households</li> <li>in the Mali case, binary gender analysis suggest gendered patterns of livelihoods activities that are produced through specific intersections of seniority and gender. A vulnerability analysis built on this generalised pattern would overlook the specific vulnerabilities and capacities of senior men in this cluster by ignoring their gardening activities.</li> <li>in Malawi, a binary analysis of gender suggests that vulnerability is evenly distributed across the married study population. Yet there are distinct and differentiated vulnerabilities within married households that are tied first to location, and then to gendered emphases with regard to crop selection and livelihoods activities</li></ul>

24 Oct 2014 13:57:28 GMT

Climate finance in Ethiopia

<p>This study highlights challenges for Ethiopia to finance its response to climate change.</p><p>The national Climate Resilient Green Economy strategy has called for annual spending of USD 7.5 billion to respond to climate change. With national budgetary resources for climate change-relevant actions estimated to be in the order of USD 440 million per year, and international sources adding several tens of USD million per year, there appears to be a major financing gap. Therefore, this report argues, if the strategy is to be delivered, much more needs to be done to mobilise additional resources both domestically and externally. The study focuses on public funding allocated within the federal budget, as such spending is most closely aligned with national policy setting and institutional arrangements. A four year period was reviewed, between 2008/2009 and 2011/12.</p>

23 Oct 2014 13:29:49 GMT

NAMA study for a sustainable charcoal value chain in Côte d’Ivoire

<p>This study aims to help C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the current charcoal value chain and enable the country to remove a major driver of deforestation while increasing energy security and sustainability. The Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) design proposed in this study also addresses cross-sectoral issues and adopts a phased approach. It is argued that the NAMA Phase I described in the study is realistic, can be achieved in the short term and still has transformative and sustainable effects on the charcoal sector of C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:44:51 GMT

Vulnerability and resilience to climate change in western Honduras

<p>The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)/African and Latin American Resilience to Climate Change (ARCC) Project conducted the Western Honduras Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment (Western Honduras VA) in 2014. The assessment represents a multidisciplinary effort to assess the impact of climate change and variability on social and ecological systems in Western Honduras. This assessment focused on Western Honduras&rsquo;s Dry Corridor (in Spanish, Corredor Seco) region and the six departments receiving Feed the Future (FtF) programming support: Cop&aacute;n, Ocotepeque, Lempira, Santa Barbara, Intibuc&aacute;, and La Paz. The objectives of this assessment were to: Understand the historical trends and future projections for climate in Western Honduras; Assess how these climate projections will affect livelihoods and ecosystems in the region; and Identify existing and potential adaptive responses that can be integrated into USAID, Government of Honduras, and other donor programming in Western Honduras to strengthen the resilience of livelihoods and ecosystems to climate-related impacts.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:37:21 GMT

Primary energy demand of renewable energy carriers: part 2 policy implications

<p>This paper is the second part of the two paper series focusing on the options for defining primary energy factors (PEFs) for renewables and clarifying the implications of these options in EU energy policy areas.</p><p>The aim of this paper is to present the current use of PEFs in EU legislation and provide an outlook on possible policy outcomes of using different PEF calculation methods in three energy policy areas and related EU legislation. This paper first describes how primary energy factors are used in the EU regulatory framework. Then, the study investigates to what extent different definitions of PEF for RE have implications on the three energy policy fields: EU Directives&ndash; Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), Renewable Energy Directive (RED); the influence on the target setting in overarching EU communications and energy accounting (statistics). The case studies address the policy implications and challenges of using different PEF methodology under these three energy policy areas.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:31:45 GMT

Better growth, better climate: the New Climate Economy report

<p>This report seeks to inform economic decision-makers in both public and private sectors, many of whom recognise the serious risks caused by climate change, but also need to tackle more immediate concerns such as jobs, competitiveness and poverty. The report brings together evidence and analysis, learning from the practical experience of countries, cities and businesses across the world. The report&rsquo;s conclusion is that countries at all levels of income now have the opportunity to build lasting economic growth at the same time as reducing the immense risks of climate change. It argues that the next 15 years will be critical, as the global economy undergoes a deep structural transformation and that the next 15 years of investment will also determine the future of the world&rsquo;s climate system.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:23:41 GMT

Analysis and mapping of climate change risk and vulnerability in Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

<p>This journal article argues that there is growing demand for spatially explicit information among stakeholders across public and private institutions regarding vulnerability to climate change at the local scale. This study was conducted over 16 districts in Central Rift Valley (CRV) of Ethiopia, to determine the degree of climate risk and the relative vulnerability of the districts, to climate change and, thereby identify vulnerable hotspots. The results are taken to show that vulnerability mapping is crucial in determining the varying degrees of vulnerability of different localities, and generating information that can help researchers, policy makers, private and public institutions in formulating site-specific adaptation strategies and prioritising adaptation investments to the most vulnerable hotspots.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:16:18 GMT

The HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa: convergence with tuberculosis, socioecological vulnerability, and climate change patterns

<p>This journal article argues that people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have weakened physiological responses and are immunologically vulnerable to pathogens and stressors in their environment, putting them at a health disadvantage in climate-based rising temperatures, water scarcity, air pollution, potential water- and vector-borne disease outbreaks, and habitat redistributions. It is argued that coupled with HIV/AIDS, climate change threatens ecological biodiversity via a larger-scale socioeconomic recourse to natural resources. Corresponding human and environmental activity shape conditions conducive to exacerbating high rates of HIV/AIDS. In South Africa, this epidemic is forming a &lsquo;syndemic&rsquo; with tuberculosis (TB), which has come to include multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extremely drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) strains. The paper argues that, because of high convergence rates, one epidemic cannot be addressed without understanding the other.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:28:58 GMT

Flood early warning systems in Nepal: a gendered perspective

<p>This report presents the Nepal focused findings of a study which assessed the institutional arrangements, key stakeholders, legal provisions, coordination and linkage mechanisms, and four key elements of early warning systems &ndash; risk knowledge, monitoring and warning services, dissemination and communication, and response capacity &ndash; from the perspective of gender. It also gathered experiences from two villages with functioning community-based flood early warning systems. The report suggests that, in view of the diversity of development issues and livelihood challenges that communities face on a day-to-day basis, it is important to tune early warning systems according to the local context. It is argued that early warning systems should be seen as a social and development activity rather than an exclusive domain of engineers and technicians. This simplification and democratization of early warning systems requires bridging the gap between technical departments and communities.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:21:12 GMT

Women’s vulnerability to climatic and non-climatic change in the Eastern Gangetic Plains

<p>Previous findings from IWMI&rsquo;s research conducted in Madhubani, Bihar, India, and in Dhanusha and Morang of the Nepal Terai (Madhesh) were taken to substantiate previous literature on the region by showing how men and women are differentially affected by climate change. However, the studies outlined in this policy brief, show how gendered vulnerability stems from a diverse set of climatic and non-climatic causes, and is not always direct, and policy responses should be tailored accordingly. Patterns of agrarian stress and the resultant vulnerabilities are determined by a range of historically specific political, economic and social processes as well as climate stress. Migration, which is in part a response to climate stress, creates new forms of vulnerability, not only for migrants but also for those left behind&mdash;who are often women. It is also argued that it is crucial to explore how gendered vulnerability to climate change is intricately connected to other axes of inequality &ndash; namely class and caste.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:11:26 GMT

Are trees buffering ecosystems and livelihoods in agricultural landscapes of the Lower Mekong Basin? Consequences for climate-change adaptation

<p>This working paper analyses 1) the impacts of continuing land-use and climate changes in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) region; and 2) the potential role of increased use of trees in agricultural landscapes to reduce the negative impact of land-use changes. The study is taken to confirm that natural resources and ecosystem services &ndash; particularly water, soil and biodiversity &ndash; are degrading in the LMB. However, it is argued that trees outside forests, including agroforests, can help buffer both ecosystems and local livelihoods in agricultural landscapes, thereby enhancing their resilience. It is argued that combining local knowledge and scientific knowledge in selecting optimal combinations and spatial arrangements of suitable trees and agroforestry practices is necessary in order to maximize synergies and reduce trade-offs among different ecosystem services, between ecosystem benefits and economic benefits, and between climate-change adaptation and mitigation purposes. Policy recommendations and ideas for further research are given.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:03:15 GMT

Forests in a changing climate: a sourcebook for integrating REDD+ into academic programmes

<p>This sourcebook seeks to take stock of the knowledge, approaches, tools and initiatives that have been developed for REDD+ and to facilitate their integration into multi-disciplinary higher education programmes, especially in countries actively engaged in REDD+ readiness efforts and preparations. It aims to provide guidance on curriculum development and integration of REDD+ concepts and methods into relevant postgraduate programmes, facilitate access of REDD+ materials to universities available in the UN-REDD Programme and engage university networks as strategic platforms and centres of excellence for mainstreaming REDD+ education research, development and outreach, and to build, through university education systems, the professional capacity and leadership needed for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. The sourcebook is structured around a series of 12 modules covering the different aspects of REDD+.</p>

22 Oct 2014 10:50:24 GMT

Design for improved water supply and water management in Hihifo district, Tonga

<p>This report provides design details and costs for the proposed long-term improvements to the water supply system at Hihifo on the island of Tongatapu, Kingdom of Tonga. This is part of the demonstration project under the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) programme. The proposed project aims to provide an opportunity for the Hihifo community to use local water resources sustainably and, hence, enhance the resilience of these water resources to the impacts of current climate variability and projected climate change. The present public water (or &lsquo;town water&rsquo;) supply system at Hihifo is based on groundwater pumped directly into the distribution system and has shown a high level of unreliability and poor water quality for a number of years.</p>

22 Oct 2014 10:35:01 GMT

Planning climate resilient coastal cities: learnings from Panaji and Visakhapatnam, India

<p>This working paper is a result of TERI&rsquo;s year-long study which aimed to develop and test approaches that can increase resilience of infrastructure assets and the services they provide in developing nations. Chapter 1 of the working paper provides a brief introduction to the project. Chapter 2 and 3 provide an overview of the broad approaches adopted for this year-long assessment in the project cities of Visakhapatnam and Panaji. For each step of the study, the experiences and challenges have been summarized with an objective of sharing the learning from the project and deriving lessons for practitioners. Chapter 4 highlights a methodology called the Climate Vulnerability Assessment for Coastal Cities (CVACC) which was developed as part of this study. Chapter 5 discusses the approach for developing the recommendations for the project cities and Chapter 6 suggests key lessons and scope for future work in this area which could further strengthen this research.</p>

22 Oct 2014 10:29:25 GMT

Draft policy framework for efficient water use in energy production

<p>This report proposes a policy framework which aims to enhance harmonisation of policies linked to water and energy. It is argued that this policy framework can assist in the development of new legal/policy instruments or review of existing instruments which direct the management of water, energy and other sectors. The paper argues that there is a network of legislative and policy instruments in South Africa that directs the management of water and energy resources and that synergy amongst them needs improve, especially when it comes to the efficiency of water use in the energy sector. It is argued that there is therefore need for a framework that can assist in tracing policy links in order to achieve sustainability towards effective and efficient resource management and planning.</p>

22 Oct 2014 09:53:31 GMT

The political economy of corruption and REDD+: lessons from the Philippines' pilot sites

<p>Corruption is a continuing feature of the Philippines&rsquo; natural resource sectors. Given keen interest in the country&rsquo;s REDD+ potential, it is useful to consider corruption risks related to REDD+ from a political economy perspective.</p><p>This U4 Issue draws on fieldwork from two REDD+ pilot sites to assess current governance and anti-corruption safeguards related to benefit-sharing, land tenure rights for indigenous peoples, and private sector involvement. Many anti corruption actions are in place in the pilot sites, but they are weakly embedded in social relations at the local level. More work is required to raise awareness of the benefits of governance safeguards to livelihoods and security of land tenure. The lack of a national REDD+ coordinating body means that the collection and dissemination of relevant anti-corruption lessons for REDD+ nationally remains challenging. Existing anti-corruption initiatives require solid implementation strategies as well as adequate financial support.</p>

21 Oct 2014 09:35:54 GMT

Zambia country profile: Monitoring, reporting and verification for REDD+

<p>This report provides an overview of the national REDD+ strategy and institutional capacity for Monitoring Reporting and Verification (MRV) of REDD+ as well as the current state of knowledge of various elements critical to MRV of REDD+ in Zambia including: Current drivers and rates of deforestation and forest degradation; a review of standing biomass, forest growth rates and carbon stock estimates; and data sets available for MRV in Zambia. The report also identifies knowledge and data gaps that need to be filled in order to develop an effective MRV system for REDD+ in the country. Key knowledge gaps, such as carbon stocks and growth rates within different forest types, are outlined as well as recommendations as to how knowledge gaps and capacity to implement MRV of REDD+ can be addressed.</p>

17 Oct 2014 15:20:30 GMT

Changing Small Island Developing States: A space perspective on environmental change in the Caribbean

<p>This publication focuses on high-resolution imagery processed to illustrate the impacts on Small Island Developing States of the Caribbean of climate change, sea-level rise, coral bleaching, uncontrolled urban and tourism development, severe deforestation and selected natural hazards such as earthquakes, hurricanes, flooding and landslides. Through a series of case studies the report, written in English and Spanish, documents environmental changes in estuaries, mangroves, corals, coastlines and forests; as well as different approaches to land use and conservation; urbanization, tourism infrastructure and industrialization and finally disasters from pre-event hazard maps to impacts such as flooding and landslides and finally reconstruction efforts.</p>

17 Oct 2014 15:14:35 GMT

Guidelines for the design and implementation of community-managed water storage in Tuvalu

<p>These guidelines were developed as part of the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) project which aims to build resilience to drought by improving the Tuvalu&rsquo;s water resources management.</p><p>The publication details the process undertaken to design and build a community-managed water cistern in Lofeagai community, in the north of Funafuti Atoll. Lofeagai was selected for the PACC pilot demonstration project through a vulnerability and adaptation (V&amp;A) assessment and a stakeholder consultation process. This process identified Lofeagai as the most vulnerable community on Funafuti, followed by Tekavatoetoe. The project design stage included a socio-economic assessment (SEA) in the Lofeagai community, community consultations, and a cost&ndash;benefit analysis (CBA).</p>

17 Oct 2014 15:01:23 GMT

Poverty and Vulnerability Assessment – a survey instrument for the Hindu Kush Himalayas

<p>This publication describes the development and application of ICIMOD&rsquo;s Poverty and Vulnerability Assessment (PVA), a household survey tool designed to capture key elements of poverty, vulnerability, and adaptive capacity in mountain contexts for the Hindu Kush Himalayan region. The tool combines general predictors of poverty with indicators that are particularly relevant in mountain contexts, where factors such as physical accessibility and a lack of access to basic facilities often exacerbate poverty and vulnerability to stresses such as those related to climate variability and change. The report argues that the PVA tool is particularly relevant in the context of development interventions aimed at building resilience and facilitating adaptation to climate variability and change. It argues that the PVA tool provides a vital foundation for the regular monitoring of poverty and vulnerability that will enable the success of development and adaptation interventions by governments and donors to be evaluated in a robust, empirically grounded manner.</p>

17 Oct 2014 14:53:46 GMT

Climate change and water resources in West Africa: an assessment of groundwater management

<p>This paper addresses the sustainability and potential impacts of climate change on rural groundwater management in West Africa.</p><p>It recommends starting at local levels and slowly build up larger and more formal organisations to share in the governance not only of groundwater but of all water resources, and to ensure that water resources are not permanently depleted. It argues that variations in the hydrogeology of West Africa fall into two main categories: the large sedimentary basins of the major rivers that have continuous aquifers, and the extensive areas of basement complex rocks with lateritic cover that provide limited groundwater in discontinuous aquifers.</p>

17 Oct 2014 14:09:51 GMT

The Chinyanja Triangle in the Zambezi River Basin, Southern Africa: status of, and prospects for, agriculture, natural resources management and rural development

<p>This paper, which focuses on the Chinyanja Triangle (CT), an area inside the Zambezi River Basin, characterises three distinct farming subsystems across rainfall gradients, namely maize-beans-fish, sorghum-millet-livestock and the livestock-dominated subsystem. It presents the socioeconomic characteristics, historical drivers of change, resources use and management (water, land, forestry) and the institutional disincentives affecting agricultural production and productivity in the region. The paper also attempts to identify major drivers of change, and inventorize key institutions in the region and suggests improved institutional arrangements for improving agricultural productivity, resilience and ecosystem health at farm, landscape and basin scales.</p>

17 Oct 2014 14:04:51 GMT

Primary Energy Demand of Renewable Energy Carriers: Part 1: Definitions, accounting methods and their applications with a focus on electricity and heat from renewable energies

<p>This paper addresses the different primary energy definitions, accounting methods, and their applications with a focus on electricity and heat generation from renewable energy. In addition to renewable energy sources, primary energy factors for electricity from waste, nuclear, and imported electricity are also discussed as these can be calculated in different ways.</p><p>This paper is the first part of a two paper series. In the second part of the study, the application of primary energy factors (PEF) in the three EU Directives - Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) and Renewable Energy Directive (RED) is discussed.</p>

17 Oct 2014 13:52:11 GMT

The knowledge and skills needed to engage in REDD+: a competencies framework

<p>This document aims to provide an overview of the essential knowledge, skills and resources required to engage on ten major REDD+ themes.</p><p>It consists of three sections: 1. Designing Capacity Building Programs to Meet the Needs of REDD+ Stakeholders, 2. Essential Knowledge and Skills, 3. Case Studies on the Design of Capacity Building Programs for REDD+. The document contains a set of guidelines and resources that will help the user to understand the target audience, to define the REDD+ themes of interest to this audience, and to develop a capacity building plan based on those needs. It examines REDD+ themes along the lines of a general competency statement, knowledge, skills, important things to remember, and resources and tools.</p>

17 Oct 2014 13:41:13 GMT

Status of forest carbon rights and implications for communities, the carbon trade, and REDD+ investments

<p>This brief presents research findings and examines the status of existing legal frameworks regarding Indigenous Peoples&rsquo; and local communities&rsquo; rights to trade forest carbon.</p><p>It argues that &nbsp;REDD+ has not been a catalyst of tenure reforms across low and middle income countries (LMICs), even though most countries with a REDD+ strategy have identified the clarification of tenure as a key component of their approach, and leading international REDD+ initiatives have committed to recognizing and advancing community tenure rights. The Rights and Resources Initiative research is taken to indicate that the increase in the area recognized as owned by Indigenous Peoples and local communities was five times higher in the period 2002-2008 than 2008-2013, representing a slowdown in the recognition of rights on the ground.</p>

17 Oct 2014 13:29:40 GMT

The Little Green Data Book 2014

<p>The Little Green Data Book is a reference for key environmental data for over 200 economies. Key indicators are organized under the headings of agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, energy, emission and pollution, and water and sanitation. It provides country-relevant &lsquo;green&rsquo; metrics with the aim of giving a picture of environmental sustainability challenges. The selection of indicators includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. It provides data by region, income level and mostly by country. The Book is a result of collaboration between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Agriculture and Environmental Services Department of the Sustainable Development Network Vice Presidency.</p>

16 Oct 2014 15:07:24 GMT

Fair company–community partnerships in palm oil development

<p>This discussion paper argues that palm oil production can lead to greenhouse gas emissions, land grabs and exploitation. But, it says that sustainable production, investment and sourcing can create benefits for the climate and communities.</p><p>The paper highlights four key principles for designing partnerships between communities and companies in palm oil that can benefit both: freedom of choice, accountability, improvement and respect for rights (FAIR). These principles for FAIR partnerships are intended to prompt a rethink of current development models. This paper calls on companies and financial institutions to invest in these types of partnerships.</p>

16 Oct 2014 14:57:54 GMT

Agroforestry, livestock, fodder production and climate change adaptation and mitigation in East Africa: issues and options

<p>This working paper argues that agroforestry and livestock-keeping both have the potential to promote anthropogenic climate change resilience and support each other in this context.</p><p>The paper discusses relevant issues in East Africa, where recent agroforestry interventions to support livestock keeping have included the planting of mostly-exotic tree-fodders, and where most parts of the region are expected to become drier in the next decades, although smaller areas may become wetter. It argues that wider cultivation and improved management of fodder trees provides adaptation and mitigation opportunities in the region, but these are generally not well quantified and there are clear opportunities for increasing productivity and resilience through diversification, genetic improvement, improved farm-input delivery and better modelling of future scenarios. The paper offers, with the example of current- and future-climate tree species distribution modelling, important areas for future research.</p>

16 Oct 2014 14:47:46 GMT

Measuring China’s environmental industry based on environmental goods and services sector (EGSS) accounting framework – a synthesis report

<p>This synthesis report presents the results of a study on measuring China&rsquo;s environmental industry, which aims to identify the feasibility of applying the environmental goods and services sector (EGSS) accounting framework there.</p><p>This report argues that measuring progress towards a green economy is a vital component of green economy strategies and that the EGSS accounting framework is considered as a key approach for quantifying the performance of the environmental sectors in the economy. It describes the development of China&rsquo;s environmental industry and its related statistics and moves on to introduce the EGSS framework and compares it with China&rsquo;s standard statistics. It provides a feasibility assessment of introducing EGSS into China, focusing on data collection from national regular statistics and Environmental Industry Survey. The report concludes by offering suggestions on how to apply EGSS framework in China as well as recommendations for further improvements.</p>

16 Oct 2014 14:27:25 GMT

Africa energy outlook - a focus on energy prospects in sub-Saharan Africa

<p>Sub-Saharan Africa&rsquo;s energy sector can be improved to unlock a better life for its citizens. This report describes one of the most poorly understood parts of the global energy system, offers an authoritative study of its future prospects, broken down by fuel, sector and sub-region and shows how investment in the sub-Saharan energy sector can stimulate rapid economic and social development across the region.</p><p>The report:</p><ul><li><p>explores how quickly modern energy might be brought to the huge population currently deprived of it</p></li><li><p>highlights key actions in the energy sector that can unleash more rapid economic and social development in sub-Saharan Africa</p></li><li><p>examines how existing and emerging oil and gas producers can maximise the value of their resources for economic development</p></li><li><p>evaluates the role of renewables in the region&rsquo;s energy future, and how important mini- and off-grid solutions can be in providing access to electricity</p></li><li><p>identifies the benefits that greater regional integration of the energy sector can bring, as well as mapping the future role of sub-Saharan Africa in the global energy system</p></li></ul>

14 Oct 2014 09:32:37 GMT

The role of education in responding to natural disasters

<p>The role for education in natural disaster management that appeared most frequently in the literature is teaching children risk reduction and management material. Children often spread learning to their families and communities and many believe that &lsquo;educating a child is educating a family&rsquo;. However, disaster preparedness education can be set up for communities also and not just restricted to the school environment.</p><p>The safety of school buildings is also a major consideration in looking at education and natural disaster linkages. Children spend up to 50 percent of their waking hours in school facilities and it is often the case that schools are not constructed or maintained to be disaster resilient. Additionally school buildings are often used by the wider community as a shelter in the event of a disaster.</p><p>This Helpdesk Report includes the following sections:</p><ul><li>information on India</li><li>case studies</li><li>disaster risk reduction</li><li>infrastructure</li><li>child-centred approaches to disaster management</li><li>network and organisation links</li></ul><p>Findings show that children play an important role both in reducing disaster risks and helping their communities become more resilient.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

09 Oct 2014 14:08:57 GMT

The second National Communication of Jamaica to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

<p>This Second National Communication (SNC) includes greenhouse gase&nbsp;(GHG) inventories for 2000‐05 (and reference year 2000), prepared using the updated 2006 IPCC inventory guidelines. The SNC also assesses climate change impacts for the key sectors of health, human settlements, and tourism, in addition to revisiting agriculture, water, and coastal zones, for the years 2015, 2030, and 2050. Although not required as a non‐Annex I Party, Jamaica&rsquo;s SNC also includes an assessment of potential mitigation options to reduce GHG emissions over 2009 to 2030 that will, just as importantly, improve energy efficiency. Finally, other activities in support of the Convention, such as awareness raising, a review of the national systematic observation systems, and a technology needs assessment, are also described.</p>

08 Oct 2014 13:24:27 GMT

Working Group Report Climate Change Impacts on Coastal and Marine Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean - Report of Working Group II, Climate Change and Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean

<p>This report is based on a desk study of published and unpublished literature relating to climate change and its impact on coastal and marine biodiversity in the insular Caribbean.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The authors identify&nbsp;several constraints and gaps in the existing knowledge and suggests a research&nbsp;agenda</span>&nbsp;focused on conservation and ecosystem resilience building.</p>

06 Oct 2014 16:44:09 GMT

Local preferences for REDD+ payment formats in Brazil, The Bolsa Floresta Programme, RDS Rio Negro

<p>Poverty and sustainable development impacts of REDD architecture is a multi-country project led by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED, UK) and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (Aas, Norway). The project aims to increase understanding of how different options for REDD+ design and policy at international, national and sub-national level will affect achievement of greenhouse gas emission reduction and co-benefits of sustainable development and poverty reduction.</p><p>As countries develop national REDD+ strategies, pilot projects are taking place. One of the key challenges that these pilot projects face is how to ensure that the benefits package offered to local communities in return for their commitments to forest stewardship matches their preferences, while still being realistic in terms of cost.</p><p>The objective of the field research that this study draws together was to understand how people perceive the costs and benefits of the Bolsa Floresta Program, one of the largest REDD+ pilot projects in the world. It explores people&#39;s preferences for changes in the design of the programme and its distribution of the benefits between different components.</p>

03 Oct 2014 16:25:43 GMT

Payment formats for REDD+ interventions: preferences and concerns in Aowin District, Ghana

<p>Poverty and sustainable development impacts of REDD architecture is a multi-country project led by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED, UK) and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (Aas, Norway). The project aims to increase understanding of how different options for REDD+ design and policy at international, national and sub-national level will affect achievement of greenhouse gas emission reduction and co-benefits of sustainable development and poverty reduction.</p><p>Ghana is in the process of getting ready to implement REDD+ interventions. REDD+ is envisaged to work by compensating communities for avoided deforestation. Therefore, an understanding of communities&rsquo; preferences for compensation is important to work out compensation packages that are meaningful for the community and that will enhance their livelihoods and contribute positively to their socio-economic and political conditions of existence.</p><p>This report presents the findings of a study undertaken to understand the types of compensation the community members aspire to, in return for avoiding deforestation and refraining from livelihood activities that could potentially lead to forest degradation, as well as for undertaking other positive mitigation activities.</p>

03 Oct 2014 16:18:03 GMT

Corruption risks and mitigating approaches in climate finance

<p>There are major governance and corruption challenges associated with climate finance, with huge amounts of money from a wide variety of sources flowing through new, complex and relatively untested funding mechanisms at international, national and local levels.</p><p>Yet, as climate governance is still in a formative stage, research on the corruption risks associated with climate finance is nascent and represents a rapidly evolving field of investigation. An important stream of research focuses on understanding the complex web of actors and institutions involved in climate finance decisions, the scale and nature of money flows, as well as where the money is coming from and where it is going. While there is an emerging body of research on national and global mechanisms, it is also important to explore the risks and opportunities presented by local-level climate financing, and to gain a better understanding on how the global, national and local levels relate to each other, so that various interests can be better balanced, articulated and integrated to promote greater responsibility and accountability in climate finance.</p><p>Research into the governance and accountability frameworks of the various actors involved and how these are implemented at the international, national and local levels, is also important in gaining a clearer picture of how best to mitigate corruption risks and identify emerging good practice.</p><p>Lessons learnt on best practice from development assistance as well as other sectors can help inform the debate.</p>

02 Oct 2014 17:33:27 GMT

Cattle and climate in Africa: how climate variability has influenced national cattle holdings from 1961–2008

<p>The role of cattle in developing countries is as a source of high-quality food, as draft animals, and as a source of manure and fuel. Cattle represent important contribution to household incomes, and in drought prone areas they can act as an insurance against weather risk. So far, no studies have addressed how historical variations in temperature and rainfall have influenced cattle populations in Africa. The focus of this study is to assess the historical impact of climate variability on national cattle holdings. We reconstruct the cattle density and distribution for two time periods; 1955&ndash;1960 and 2000&ndash;2005. Based on estimates from FAO and official numbers, we generated a time series of cattle densities from 1961&ndash;2008, and compared these data with precipitation and temperature anomalies for the same period. We show that from 1961&ndash;2008 rainfall and temperature have been modulating, and occasionally controlling, the number of cattle in Africa.</p>

02 Oct 2014 17:03:59 GMT

Pre-project: Climate change as an opportunity towards adaptive sustainable aquaculture (CADINAL)

<p>Cultured food fish currently accounts for nearly 50 % of the global consumption. India and Norway are the world&rsquo;s second and seventh largest aquaculture producers respectively, thus aquaculture is considered to be a sector which provides immense opportunities in both adaptation and mitigation under climate change realm in both countries. India and Norway is located in the tropical, and in the cold temperate zone respectively. Furthermore, freshwater aquaculture dominates in India, while in Norway marine water aquaculture dominates. While feed inputs for Indian carps mainly stems from agriculture, the salmon still depends on feeds input from fisheries. Thus the two countries aquaculture industries could be regarded as two extremities within world aquaculture, and a comparison will be highly valuable. The overall objective of this pre-project was to build a holistic and integrated knowledge base that would enable a future quantitative analysis of the dynamic two way interactions between climate change and the aquaculture sector. This report sums up the knowledge basis on the impacts of climate change on Norwegian aquaculture, assess the feasibility for an in-depth quantitative analysis on the impacts of climate change on Norwegian aquaculture, and sums up common research challenges between Norway and India. The knowledge basis on the impacts of climate change on Indian aquaculture is summed up in a separate report.</p>

02 Oct 2014 16:04:01 GMT

Review of support to the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership, REEEP - norad.no

<p>The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) was established after the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002. REEEP is a public private partnership, registered as an NGO under Austrian law.</p><p>REEEP supports small projects promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency. The organization sees itself as a catalyst for scaling up clean energy business models in developing countries and emerging markets. The organization plays a central role in promoting policy and regulations that provides incentives for and enables private sector investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency.</p><p>REEEP operates through a mechanism of call for proposals, and seeks especially to scale-up successful business models for clean energy, through decentralized and off grid generation. So far, 185 projects have been approved in 58 countries.</p><p>Norway has supported REEEP since 2006, with a total amount of NOK 61.5 million. During the last two years REEEP has gone through some organizational changes, and developed a new strategy. In light of this Norway in partnership with Switzerland (one of REEEP&rsquo;s other main funders &ndash; EUR 2 mill.) decided to carry out a review of REEEP. The review should assess to what extent REEEP has reached its objectives, and to appraise REEEP&rsquo;s new strategy, which includes the establishment of a new Phased Finance Facility in collaboration with the Climate Technology Initiative&rsquo;s (CTI) Private Finance Advisory Network (PFAN). The review report intends to inform future decisions on continued support to REEEP.</p><p>Norad was tasked by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to carry out the review of REEEP.</p>

01 Oct 2014 17:10:06 GMT

Contribution Analysis: Norwegian Embassy support to indigenous peoples in Brazil 2002 -2013

<p>The purpose of this study is twofold: (a) to acquire knowledge and draw lessons about the nature, organisation and achievements of the Norwegian Indigenous Support Programme in Brazil (NISPB), and (b) to inform future strategies, policies and interventions in this area of development cooperation.<br />The study covers the project period from 2002-2012/2013 and focuses on the current 18 projects that have been supported through 17 civil society partner organisations. The overall methodological framework is a human rights approach known as PANTHER, an acronym for the human rights principles Participation, Accountability, Non-Discrimination, Transparency, Human Dignity, Empowerment and Rule of Law.</p>

01 Oct 2014 17:01:25 GMT

Fair share: climate finance to vulnerable countries

<p>This briefing argues that the international community has failed to put in place, at sufficient scale, either the financing or the delivery mechanisms needed to strengthen the resilience and enhance the adaptation capabilities of vulnerable people. As a result, it argues that government and household budgets in the poorest countries are paying for a&nbsp;threat that originates principally in richer countries. Drawing on research from three countries in sub-Saharan Africa, this paper highlights the significant public expenditure on adaptation that is taking place through national budgets. It argues that this expenditure represents a considerable burden on a limited revenue base. A new approach to supporting national action on climate change is proposed whereby public climate finance from the international community would, at a minimum, match the level of domestic public spending relevant to climate change in those countries acknowledged to be the most vulnerable.</p>

01 Oct 2014 13:22:53 GMT

Assessment of vulnerability to natural hazards at subnational level: provincial estimates for the Philippines

<p>Vulnerability to natural hazards is measured like hazard frequencies that reflect the predisposition of a system to extreme events at a certain instant of time. The measurement of vulnerability is found useful in the conception of disaster preparedness and positioning regions or countries for aid support.</p><p>In recent years, there has been a growing literature on measuring vulnerability at the level of subnational regions, provinces, cities, districts, and even communities. The rationale for this assessment is to bring attention to local vulnerabilities and highlight the various domains of vulnerability including income vulnerability, vulnerability of environment, and governance and human resource fragilities. These are translated into local scales that can be readily understood by those exposed to the natural hazards themselves.</p><p>This Policy Note presents the results of provincial vulnerability assessment in the Philippines and discusses the concepts and issues that define local vulnerability.</p>

30 Sep 2014 15:47:16 GMT

The impact of natural disasters on income and poverty: framework and some evidence from Philippine households

<p>Although understanding the impact of natural disasters on income and poverty at the household level is important for disaster-prone and poverty-stricken countries, empirical works on the subject have been limited so far. A major reason behind this is that standard national household surveys generally do not include the collection of data and information on natural disasters. In the Philippines, however, the Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) Household Profile Survey has started to include selected natural disaster-related data and information among those that it collects and monitors.</p><p>This Policy Note provides a framework for analyzing the impact of natural disasters on household income and household poverty and empirically estimates the effects of natural disasters on household income using 2011 CBMS data for Pasay City, Metro Manila. It summarises some of the results and findings of a recent study conducted by PIDS and funded by the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).<br /><br />The framework explains that after the physical impact, the social impact of a natural disaster on the households follows, which is determined by the physical impact, as well as household recovery resources or coping mechanisms, extra assistance, and sociodemographic and economic factors. Both the occurrence and frequency of typhoons and/or floods have significant negative effects on household per capita income as the case of Pasay City has shown.</p>

30 Sep 2014 13:15:31 GMT

Pacific media and climate change toolkit: Activities manual

<p>This manual includes activities to improve journalists&#39; climate change reporting and interview techniques. The material aims to support journalists&#39; ability to effectively communicate stories linking climate change to broader environmental issues in the Pacific. It aims to provide a &lsquo;one-stop-shop&rsquo; of information on climate change, as well as an activity toolkit that can help absorb and reflect on the information provided. Topics include assessing national change coverage of an environmental issue, advice on climate change interviews and sources, developing contact lists, jargon, localising global environmental news, climate change and waste and empowering communities.</p>

29 Sep 2014 13:55:51 GMT

Downstream voices: wetland solutions to reducing disaster risk

<p>This report makes the case for addressing ecosystem degradation as one of the root causes of risk and vulnerability and for opting for ecosystem-based solutions as a way to reduce disaster risk and build community resilience. It focuses on water-related hazards in particular, as they make up a vast majority of risks, and are often exacerbated by inadequate water and natural resource management. It argues that, until recently, the world&rsquo;s response to inevitable climate change was based on producing ever more precise forecasts of what would happen locally then working out how to &#39;adapt&#39;&nbsp;to the change. The report argues that there is a growing realisation that we will never know in any detail what is coming down the track.&nbsp;</p>

29 Sep 2014 13:44:26 GMT

Building climate resilience: a training manual for community based climate change adaptation

<p>This training manual aims to provide climate change adaptation trainers and learners with a practice-based adaptation knowledge, and a process to assess, analyze, and plan for focused climate change adaptation initiatives within their work profiles. The manual is sectioned into four training modules, setting a common understanding around climate change concepts, vocabulary and sectorial adaptation frameworks, then moving to more integrated knowledge regarding enabling environments for community adaptation and resilience building. Each module is comprised of several learning sessions and each session has a step-by-step facilitation guide noting important concepts and knowledge to stress, and key information and advice on how to deliver the session.</p>

29 Sep 2014 13:28:29 GMT

Expectations for a new climate agreement

<p>With the objective of stimulating timely and open discussion of the current attempt to formulate a new climate agreement &ndash; to be reached 21st meeting of the Conference of Parties (COP-21) in Paris during November of 2015 &ndash; analysis is conducted of the expected developments in the lead-up negotiations. Based on the assumption that the architecture of the agreement will likely involve voluntary pledges and ex-post review (akin to the Copenhagen Accord), the domestic policies and measures expected to underlie national negotiating positions are described. Applying a global economic model, the effect of these Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) on global greenhouse gas emissions is assessed. The paper argues that an agreement likely achievable at COP-21 will succeed in a useful bending the curve of global emissions. It predicts that the likely agreement will not, however, produce global emissions within the window of paths to 2050 that are consistent with frequently proposed climate goals, raising questions about follow-up steps in the development of a climate regime.</p>

29 Sep 2014 11:56:36 GMT

Linking food security, climate adaptation and carbon management: a case study from Indonesia

<p>This paper explores how food security, adaptation and carbon management objectives can be achieved at the local level? Constraints and opportunities are discussed from a local context in Indonesia.</p><p>This paper argues that without significant efforts in stabilising global carbon in all sectors, the atmosphere will be increasingly insecure for humans and the environment. It highlights the negative impacts of climate change on food production and the even more serious challenge that this will post in 2050. To ensure that climate adaptation, food security and climate mitigation objectives are mutually achieved, the paper argues that local level intervention is necessary. It argues that local level action where efforts achieving food security through mutual adoption of climate adaptation (e.g. drought and soil erosion management through land and water conservation measures) and carbon mitigation.</p>

29 Sep 2014 11:39:00 GMT

Coasts at risk: an assessment of coastal risks and the role of environmental solutions

<p>This report examines the risks that nations face from vulnerability and exposure to coastal hazards, identifies where environmental degradation contributes to these risks and explores where environmental solutions can contribute to risk reduction. Risk is defined as the interaction between a natural hazard event (including the adverse impacts of climate change) and the vulnerability of societies. This report applies an indicator-based approach to assessing the risk that coastal nations face with respect to natural hazards. It recommends a new level of cooperation between aid, development, and conservation agencies and groups is needed. It argues that there is great need and opportunity in further integration to meet risk reduction and environmental conservation management objectives.</p>

29 Sep 2014 11:21:07 GMT

Display Next Eldis Climate Change [eldis.org]

Are trees buffering ecosystems and livelihoods in agricultural landscapes of the Lower Mekong Basin? Consequences for climate-change adaptation

<p>This working paper analyses 1) the impacts of continuing land-use and climate changes in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) region; and 2) the potential role of increased use of trees in agricultural landscapes to reduce the negative impact of land-use changes. The study is taken to confirm that natural resources and ecosystem services &ndash; particularly water, soil and biodiversity &ndash; are degrading in the LMB. However, it is argued that trees outside forests, including agroforests, can help buffer both ecosystems and local livelihoods in agricultural landscapes, thereby enhancing their resilience. It is argued that combining local knowledge and scientific knowledge in selecting optimal combinations and spatial arrangements of suitable trees and agroforestry practices is necessary in order to maximize synergies and reduce trade-offs among different ecosystem services, between ecosystem benefits and economic benefits, and between climate-change adaptation and mitigation purposes. Policy recommendations and ideas for further research are given.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:03:15 GMT

The Little Green Data Book 2014

<p>The Little Green Data Book is a reference for key environmental data for over 200 economies. Key indicators are organized under the headings of agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, energy, emission and pollution, and water and sanitation. It provides country-relevant &lsquo;green&rsquo; metrics with the aim of giving a picture of environmental sustainability challenges. The selection of indicators includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. It provides data by region, income level and mostly by country. The Book is a result of collaboration between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Agriculture and Environmental Services Department of the Sustainable Development Network Vice Presidency.</p>

16 Oct 2014 15:07:24 GMT

Working Group Report Climate Change Impacts on Coastal and Marine Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean - Report of Working Group II, Climate Change and Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean

<p>This report is based on a desk study of published and unpublished literature relating to climate change and its impact on coastal and marine biodiversity in the insular Caribbean.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The authors identify&nbsp;several constraints and gaps in the existing knowledge and suggests a research&nbsp;agenda</span>&nbsp;focused on conservation and ecosystem resilience building.</p>

06 Oct 2014 16:44:09 GMT

No longer tracking greenery in high altitudes: pastoral practices of Rupshu nomads and their implications for biodiversity conservation

<p>Nomadic pastoralism has thrived in Asia&rsquo;s rangelands for several millennia by tracking seasonal changes in forage productivity and coping with a harsh climate. This pastoralist lifestyle, however, has come under intense transformations in recent decades due to socio-political and land use changes. One example is of the high-altitude trans-Himalayan rangelands of the Jammu and Kashmir State in northern India: major socio-political reorganisation over the last five decades has significantly impacted the traditional pasture use pattern and resources. We outline the organizational transformations and movement patterns of the Rupshu pastoralists who inhabit the region. We demonstrate the changes in terms of intensification of pasture use across the region as well as a social reorganisation due to accommodation of Tibetan refugees following the Sino-Indian war in 1961 to 1962. We focus in particular on the Tso Kar basin - an important socio-ecological system of livestock herding and biodiversity in the eastern Ladakh region. The post-war developmental policies of the government have contributed to these modifications in traditional pasture use and present a threat to the rangelands as well as to the local biodiversity. In the Tso Kar basin, the number of households and livestock has almost doubled while pasture area has declined by half. These changes have potentially negative consequences for the long-term resilience of nomadic pastoralism as well as for the survival of rare local wildlife. To increase the pastoralist standard of living, having fewer pastoralists may be the only solution, and alternative livelihood options may bring this about. Development programmes should concentrate on enhancing opportunities for herders so that there is a greater diversity of employment opportunities and potentially better chances for the persistence of biodiversity.</p>

02 Oct 2014 16:22:37 GMT

Contribution Analysis: Norwegian Embassy support to indigenous peoples in Brazil 2002 -2013

<p>The purpose of this study is twofold: (a) to acquire knowledge and draw lessons about the nature, organisation and achievements of the Norwegian Indigenous Support Programme in Brazil (NISPB), and (b) to inform future strategies, policies and interventions in this area of development cooperation.<br />The study covers the project period from 2002-2012/2013 and focuses on the current 18 projects that have been supported through 17 civil society partner organisations. The overall methodological framework is a human rights approach known as PANTHER, an acronym for the human rights principles Participation, Accountability, Non-Discrimination, Transparency, Human Dignity, Empowerment and Rule of Law.</p>

01 Oct 2014 17:01:25 GMT

The environmental crime crisis. threats to sustainable development from illegal exploitation and trade in wildlife and forest resources

<p>Given the alarming pace, level of sophistication, and globalized nature that illegal trade in wildlife has now notoriously achieved, UNEP initiated a Rapid Response Assessment to provide some of the latest data, analysis, and broadest insights into the phenomenon. Tackling illegal wildlife trade demands this examination of the relationship between the environmental resources at stake, their legal and illegal exploitation, the loopholes that exacerbate the situation, the scale and types of crimes committed, and the dynamics of the demand driving the trade.<br />In the international community, there is now growing recognition that the issue of the illegal wildlife trade has reached significant global proportions. Illegal wildlife trade and environmental crime involve a wide range of flora and fauna across all continents, estimated to be worth USD 70&ndash;213 billion annually. This compares to a global official development assistance envelope of about 135 billion USD per annum. The illegal trade in natural resources is depriving developing economies of billions of dollars in lost revenues and lost development opportunities, while benefiting a relatively small criminal fraternity.<br />This report focuses on the far-reaching consequences of the environmental crime phenomenon we face today. The situation has worsened to the extent that illegal trade in wildlife&rsquo;s impacts are now acknowledged to go well beyond strictly environmental impacts &ndash; by seriously undermining economies and livelihoods, good governance, and the rule of law Even the security and safety of countries and communities is affected: the report highlights how wildlife and forest crime, including charcoal, provides potentially significant threat finance to militias and terrorist groups. Already recognized as a grave issue in DRC and Somalia by the UN Security Council, the assessment reveals that the scale and role of wildlife and forest crime in threat finance calls for much wider policy attention, well beyond those regions.</p>

26 Sep 2014 16:32:39 GMT

Natural systems and climate change resilience in the Lower Mekong Basin: future directions for biodiversity, agriculture and livelihoods in a rapidly changing environment

<p>This report finds that despite the diversity of livelihoods and ecosystems In the Lower Mekong Basin, most sectors&rsquo; resilience to climate change is dependent on health natural ecosystems.</p><p>This report draws on climate change and natural systems work in the Mekong region to summarise findings and lessons for smallholder farms and landscape management. It highlights that Mekong farms and their surrounding areas are integrated systems in which all the habitats, species and their genetics interact with each other and the physical environment, and contribute to farm productivity. The report argues that farming ecosystems consist of human modified and natural environments which both provide services and products essential to farming livelihoods and subsistence. Understanding and carefully managing that relationship is essential to the sustainability of Mekong farms, to continued poverty reduction and to building adaptive capacity to climate change.</p>

17 Sep 2014 09:40:45 GMT

Payments for nature values: market and non-market instruments

<p>A central element in the international negotiations on resource mobilization under the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is to broaden the basis for financing the implementation of the convention. The issue of payments for nature values as resource mobilization is at the center of the controversy in these negotiations. The first Quito dialogue on biodiversity finance in 2012 clarified that international trading in biodiversity is more controversial than local and national markets in biodiversity values. Even though the Quito dialogue was not a platform for creating consensus, it was a common view, that a further study of the &ldquo;financialization of nature&rdquo; as a basis for making decisions on the use of market-based instruments for international financing of biodiversity was needed. The statement was reiterated at the second Quito dialogue in April 2014.</p>

17 Jun 2014 17:30:42 GMT

Evidence linking community level tenure and forest condition: An annotated bibliography

<p>This annotated bibliography provides evidence that community tenure over forests can result in more forest cover and more species-rich forests, less deforestation and degradation, and fewer fires than some other approaches to protecting forests. The authors initiated the review by identifying relevant scholarly articles published since 2002 based on interviews with experts and keyword searches of databases. Priority was given to review of articles that had been recommended by an expert, were empirical studies linking tenure to forest outcomes, expanded the geographic coverage, and/or were frequently cited. Particular attention was given to articles describing previous attempts to assess the evidence that enhanced community management rights are associated with better forest outcomes.</p>

16 Jun 2014 14:22:49 GMT

Lessons from implementing, adapting and sustaining community-based adaptive marine resource management

<p>This brief explores lessons from community experience of implementing management plans for community-based adaptive resource management in Solomon Islands. It focuses on the lessons learned from the different stages of: implementing, adapting and sustaining community-based adaptive marine resource management. Community-based marine resource management is recognised by the Government of Solomon Islands as the principle strategy for use in marine conservation and small-scale fisheries management. This strategy is particularly important in Solomon Islands due to the constitutionally recognized customary tenure systems that are in place in rural areas where the majority of the population resides.</p>

06 Jun 2014 14:44:36 GMT

Emerging insights into governance and sustainable management of Africa’s natural ecosystems

<p>The rapid economic growth in African countries must be reconciled with the maintenance of ecological processes and biodiversity. The importance of maintaining healthy ecosystems to support development objectives is increasingly acknowledged, and governments are beginning to implement and strengthen management and planning tools to achieve this objective. Shared international experiences reveal the successes of multi-stakeholder, multi-sectoral approaches for long-term&nbsp;<span style="line-height:1.6em">and integrated terrestrial, coastal and marine management. </span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Best practices include the use of ecosystem-based management regimes for all ecosystems and their users, including mining,&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">infrastructure development, ports, tourism, fisheries and conservation. Better ecosystem accounting is needed to make a compelling case for conservation and restoration, and enable the inclusion of ecosystems in economic frameworks for &nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">planning and management. These instruments are essential to raise awareness of the importance of ecosystem services, and to map, monitor and value them appropriately.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This policy brief recommendations include:</span></p><ul><li><p>adopt a holistic and integrated ecosystem-based services approach to inform planning and management priorities, and integrate these services into mainstream economic planning and development policy</p></li><li><p>q<span style="line-height:1.6em">uantify the economic value of ecosystems and their services, and use this to entice investment into sustainable financing for conservation</span></p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><ul><li>utilise rigorous scientific data and spatial mapping to determine conservation priorities&nbsp;and formulate policies that regulate development interventions, promote layered and developed governance systems that perform national, multi-sectoral and co-ordinating&nbsp;functions, and incorporate local co-management systems with communities and resource users</li></ul><ul><li><p>strengthen legal and regulatory frameworks to protect vulnerable ecosystems, especially Environmental impact assessments (EIAs) in new extractive sectors</p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

06 Jun 2014 10:51:28 GMT

An Integrated Assessment of the Effects of Natural and Human Disturbances on a Wetland Ecosystem: A Retrospective from Phobjikha Conservation Area, Bhutan

<p>This report argues that, in the context of climate change, sustaining and restoring wetlands is considered a cost-effective strategy for climate adaptation that also brings co-benefits related to poverty reduction and biodiversity conservation. Its focus is the Phobjikha wetland, where it is argued there is a pressing need deepen understanding of its vulnerability to change, and the implications of these changes for surrounding land uses, ecosystem services, biodiversity, surrounding communities, and the Black-necked crane. Discussion revolves around biodiversity and ecosystems goods and services; drivers of change, community perception, and impact and local livelihoods which rely mainly on agriculture and animal husbandry.</p>

23 May 2014 15:19:21 GMT

Evaluation Cooperation. Rainforest Foundation Norway. Forum Kerjasama LSM Papua (FOKER). Papua and West Papua Provinces, Indonesia

<p>Background:<br />Rainforest Foundation Norway (RFN) started working with Forum Kerjasama LSM Papua (FOKER) in 2008, a network for CSOs in Papua and West Papua provinces with 118 member organizations. FOKER&rsquo;s mandate is to do advocacy related to development of Papua, and capacity building of the member organizations. The partnership was initiated by RFN supporting FOKER&rsquo;s campaign Save the People and Forests of Papua. The first part of the project focused on documenting and analyzing the conflicts related to forest management in the provinces, with the material that was developed to be used for lobby and campaigning in the following part of the project. This continued until 2012, and in 2013 a new long-term contract between RFN and FOKER was signed. The purpose of this project was to achieve laws and policies that would better protect, recognize and benefit the traditional communities of Papua and West Papua provinces.<br />This evaluation was the first external evaluation of FOKER&rsquo;s RFN supported projects. In addition to assessing the project in itself, the evaluation team also included an organizational review of FOKER.<br />Purpose/objective:<br />The evaluation had the following objectives:<br />&bull; To assess the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability of the RFN supported FOKER&rsquo; project(s) in Papua and West Papua provinces.<br />&bull; To provide an overview of the strengths, weaknesses, challenges and gaps in design and implementation of the RFN supported project(s), and recommendations for how weaknesses can be addressed.<br />&bull; To provide an overview of strengths and weaknesses of FOKER&rsquo;s organizational structure and internal management, and recommendations for how challenges can be addressed.<br />The evaluation was expected to contribute to strengthening FOKER as an organization as well as their project implementation.<br />Methodology:<br />The methodology included a combination of review of FOKER project documents, field travel, key informant interviews, focus group discussions with FOKER staff and member organizations as well as interviews with other key stakeholders. The evaluation team spent about two and a half weeks in Indonesia.<br />Key findings:<br />The evaluation concluded that whereas the project was fairly relevant, it had produced limited impact, especially for the traditional communities of the two provinces. The evaluation attributed this to a number of reasons, among others a lack of coherence between the various project documents and a design of campaign activities which was not found to be effective. The evaluation identified a number of internal challenges in FOKER.</p>

21 May 2014 18:01:57 GMT

Pacific Integrated Island Management Principles, case studies and lessons learned

<p>Integrated Island Management (IIM), aims to respond to the unique circumstances of small island ecosystems through development of holistic integrated management systems that operate at the scale of ecological, social or physical processes within, and to, islands. This document results from efforts to identify guiding principles for IIM in the Pacific. A short description of commonly used terms for other environmental management approaches is provided. This is followed by a brief description of ten guiding principles for maximizing effectiveness of IIM projects. Fifteen case studies from the Pacific region are highlighted to illustrate application of these guiding principles. Identified lessons learned and over over-riding considerations and recommendations are given such as: ensuring sustainability of human and financial capacity for ecosystem management projects; incorporating considerations of future climate change scenarios into IIM planning; and planning simultaneously for environmental outcomes and public health benefits.</p>

14 May 2014 15:51:39 GMT

Population and poaching of African rhinos across African range states

<p>This report analyses rhino number data and poaching statistics in Africa, focusing particularly on Southern Africa. The paper underlines that private rhino ownership has contributed to the overall success of increasing rhino numbers in South Africa. However, increasing security costs, and risks to investments and declining economic incentives are leading to increasing numbers of white rhino owners selling and getting rid of their rhino.</p><p>On the other hand, the document indicates that data on the trend in poaching is available for Africa and for individual range-states, yet it could not be disaggregated for the white rhino and black rhino in the time available. However, in the main range state South Africa, it appears a disproportionately higher proportion of the commoner white rhino are being poached compared to black rhino. This is due to white rhino being easier to find in the more open habitats they favour, besides their more sociable nature.</p><p>Key points include:</p><ul><li>in absolute numbers, South Africa has had the highest increase in poaching rate in recent years</li><li>poaching continues to escalate in South Africa despite the number of arrests continuing to increase year on year</li><li>in relative terms, poaching has been higher in recent years in Malawi and especially Mozambique where any rhinos that move across the border from South Africa are likely to have a very limited lifespan</li><li>if these trends continue, current rates of rhino population growth in general and white rhino population growth in particular could be threatened</li></ul>

14 Apr 2014 20:53:45 GMT

Poverty, poaching and trafficking: what are the links?

<p>This paper looks into the links between poverty, poaching and trafficking, indicating that this subject has been under-researched and poorly understood.</p><p>The paper admits that there is little hard evidence to support the claim that poaching occurs because of poverty, yet the authors state they are confident the links are there.</p><p>The document points that it is difficult to collect clear and detailed data on poaching precisely because of its illicit nature, and its frequent linkage with conflict zones, which makes research even more challenging. Nevertheless, the paper draws the following key findings:</p><ul><li>poaching in Sub Saharan African was produced via the historical legacy of colonialism</li><li>poverty is directly and indirectly linked to poaching and trafficking of ivory and rhino horn from Sub-Saharan Africa</li><li>there are different types of poachers, and they require different policy responses</li><li>there are direct links between conflict zones, illegal killing of wildlife, trafficking and poverty</li></ul><p>The authors conclude that a much better understanding of the relationships between poverty and individual poacher motivation is needed. Furthermore, they highlight the main policy responses to this issue, such as changing people&rsquo;s behaviour via negative and positive incentives, the development of tourism as a route to poverty reduction, and the legalisation of the ivory and rhino horn trade at the international level.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

11 Apr 2014 10:46:55 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Analysis of the Impacts of Urban Land Use and Climate Change on Coastal Forest Ecosystem and Management (IULUCC - CFM)

<p>Coastal forests are among the hotspots of biodiversity and therefore critical for conservation in Tanzania. However, most of the previous climate change mitigation efforts in Tanzania focused on participatory forest management in rural areas and did not address the major driving force of deforestation and forest degradation from urban areas. Further, coastal forests have not been given adequate attention in climate research and on their resources linkages with urban and peri-urban environment.<br />This research is an attempt to address the problem of continued deforestation and forest degradation of coastal forests due to (i) lack of integrated urban and peri-urban land use plans and (ii) lack of adaptation measures to climate change impacts on livelihood activities of coastal communities.<br />Project Objectives:<br />The overall objective of the research project is to assess the impacts of urban land use and climate changes on coastal forests. Specific objectives are:<br />1. To assess the drivers and patterns of land use changes in coastal urban and peri-urban areas;<br />2. To analyze the impacts of climate change on coastal livelihoods and their implication on coastal forest degradation;<br />3. To assess the impacts of coastal urban and peri-urban expansion on coastal forest ecosystems;<br />4. To examine existing strategies in addressing coastal forest degradation;<br />5. To develop strategies for integrated coastal urban and peri-urban land use plans in support of climate change adaptation and coastal forest conservation.</p><p>- Output from the Norwegian funded Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation (CCIAM) Programme in Tanzania.</p>

28 Mar 2014 18:00:41 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Comparative study of incentive options for forest - based emissions reduction, biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement; Case of Kilwa and Lindi Districts

<p>The project entails a comparative study on incentive options for forest-based emissions reduction, biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement, comparing villages with REDD+/PFM (Participatory Forest Managment) and without REDD+/PFM and also comparing each set of villages over time. The project interrogates the adequacy of incentives offered by REDD+ pilot projects in winning effective participation of communities living adjacent to project forests. Broadly, analysis takes a before-and-after approach in which changes are analyzed at the end of the project due to incentives made available by REDD+ pilot projects to communities. This design enables the analysis of forest management practices such as REDD+ and PFM over time and space in achieving the multiple outcomes: improved forest management, reduced emissions, improved local forest governance and improved livelihood conditions of forest owners/users. The study hopes to contribute in the design and implementation of effective and equitable incentive options for REDD+ and non-REDD situations in Tanzania and elsewhere with similar situations.<br />The study hopes to contribute in the design and implementation of effective and equitable incentive options for REDD+ and non-REDD situations in Tanzania and elsewhere with similar situations.<br />- Output from the Norwegian funded Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation (CCIAM) Programme in Tanzania.</p>

26 Mar 2014 19:32:47 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Climate Change, Non - Timber Forest Products and Livelihood of Forest Dependent Communities - Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation in Tanzania

<p>Over 20 million Tanzanians depend on Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) for their livelihood, but the extent to which NTFPs and community livelihoods are vulnerable to climate change is not well established. The coping strategies of these communities have not been fully documented either. Climate change threatens the livelihood security of millions of rural Tanzanian households that rely on natural resources and rain-fed subsistence farming . Women are especially affected, because their livelihoods are vulnerable to climate hazards that are expected to become more frequent. Deforestation is a major problem in Tanzania, and contributes to a loss of biodiversity and a decline in environmental benefits and services, including NTFPs for food and healthcare.<br />A majority of global efforts, including the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) initiative, have focused on developing appropriate mitigation measures to reduce the intensity and rapidity of climate change impacts. However, the need to develop adaptation strategies to cope with climate impacts is increasingly recognized. Adaptation strategies that enhance the resilience of ecosystems, ensuring the continued provision of goods and services, can be particularly important for poor people who depend on natural resources for their livelihoods, and who tend to have low adaptive capacity and high vulnerability to climate change.<br />This project seeks to understand the ability of forest dependent communities to respond to climate change. The aim is to reduce livelihood threats and forest degradation through vulnerability and adaptation assessments within the NTFPs context. The project will contribute relevant information to policy makers, particularly in the current implementation of climate change mitigation and adaptation tactics through REDD initiatives in Tanzania. The expected outputs will contribute towards efforts to adapt to the impact of climate change, while ensuring sustainability of livelihoods and forest resources. -</p>

26 Mar 2014 19:03:05 GMT

Vulnerability assessment of important habitats for migratory species: Examples from Eastern Asia and Northern Australia.

<p>The impacts of Climate Change on biodiversity are already visible. Studies show clearly that changes in distribution and behaviour of a large number of species are the consequence of shifts in local or regional climate, weather patterns and resulting changes of vegetation and habitat quality. The work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has also made us all aware that Climate Change is likely to be the main driver of biodiversity loss in future. The impacts of Climate Change cause additional pressures on ecosystems that are already stressed by overuse, degradation, fragmentation and loss of total area. In combination, these factors reduce not only ecosystem resilience, but also human options for coping with a changing environment</p><p>This publication is an aid in raising awareness by highlighting some case studies, assessing impacts and identifying possible solutions and mitigation measures. It will give decision makers and environmental experts an excellent overview of the links between Climate Change impacts and migratory species.</p><p>Originally Published In: UNEP; Conservation on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS); Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). Migratory species and climate change: Impacts of a changing environment on wild animals. Bonn, Germany: UNEP/ CMS Secretariat. pp.18-25</p>

22 Mar 2014 14:52:19 GMT

Governing Africa’s mangroves: a sustainable future

<p>Despite their widely recognised socioeconomic and ecological value, mangroves are among the world&rsquo;s most threatened vegetation types. This brief argues that safeguarding mangroves will require urgent interventions aimed at ensuring that their vital ecosystem services and non-market benefits are adequately incorporated in policy and development choices.</p><p>The author believes policy-makers and planners must realise that mangroves need to be restored, protected, and managed. This will require more effective management tools and interventions, as well as mechanisms for minimising the tensions between extractive development and the conservation of mangrove forests.</p><p>The paper recommends that:</p><ul><li>policymakers should make greater use of ecosystem valuations and ecological accounting in order to evaluate developmental alternatives, and, where appropriate, accelerate and scale up investments in the management and restoration of mangrove ecosystems</li><li>rapid economic growth should be reconciled with the maintenance of ecological processes and coastal biodiversity, and adequate tools should be used to convert potential conflicts into synergies</li><li>mangrove management should be integrated with a broader spatial framework of coastal zone management, and the value of mangrove ecosystem services should be quantified and incorporated into environmental impact assessments (EIAs) as well as resultant mitigation/compensation plans and calculations</li><li>communities should be included in decision-making about mangrove protection and restoration</li><li>national and transfrontier protected areas should be enlarged and expanded in order to help conserve biodiversity, and maintain ecosystem services, and guidelines for regulating specific conservation zones should be improved</li></ul>

07 Mar 2014 12:35:10 GMT

Creating a sustainable food future: A menu of solutions to sustainably feed more than 9 billion people by 2050

<p>With population growth and development creating ever-more demand for food (noted here as comprising two-thirds and one-third a function of the increase respectively), humanity faces a growing food gap between what will be needed in 2050, and what can sustainably be produced. In this context, this report presents the interim findings of the World Resources Report 2013-14: Creating a Sustainable Food Future; a multi-agency effort to analyse the food gap challenge and identify solutions.</p><p> The report begins by presenting the issue as a balancing act of three ‘great needs’: reduced consumption, increased production, and environmental protection, before discussing the composition of the challenge. The report outlines the scale of the problem: already, 800 million people periodically go hungry, yet according to the reports projections, the world faces a 69 per cent gap between crop calories produced in 2006, and those most likely required by 2050. Intertwined in this problem are development and poverty challenges associated with a majority poor global agricultural labour force; issues of land-use and risks to biodiversity; the challenge to sustainably increase crop production without expanding area; the significant disruption threatened by climate change; and overfishing. Combined, these issues present a serious challenge to closing the food gap in a balanced and sustainable way. In such a broad and interconnected systemic problem, a number of diverse solutions will be needed. To reduce consumption, the report suggests: tackling obesity; reducing the consumption of, and increasing the efficiency of, animal product use; reducing food waste; and assisting Africa in its efforts to reduce fertility rates. </p><p>The report notes a number of potential areas for increased food production, e.g. the breeding of better seeds, widespread adoption of water and soil management best practice, and the increasing of pasture and aquaculture productivity. It is recommended that wild fish catch be reduced, and then stabilised. Carbon sequestration strategies, the benefits of improving ruminants diets, the balancing of fertiliser use worldwide, and the need to reduce emissions from paddy rice are also presented, together with a particular mention of the competition from biofuels, whose energy benefits are far outweighed by the impact on human consumption levels.</p>

31 Jan 2014 13:08:54 GMT

Diversifying Food and Diets: Using agricultural biodiversity to improve nutrition and health

<p>This book addresses the biodiversity dimensions of the challenge of eradicating hunger and malnutrition and makes the case for re-examining food systems and diets. The book is also intended to be used as a tool and a guide to promote the use of biodiversity within food production systems, and to demonstrate that by providing local solutions for diversifying diets, nutritional status can be improved, effectively and sustainably. The first half of the book outlines some of the challenges, and identifies potential solutions and opportunities to conserve, measure, and utilize biodiversity for improved diets and nutrition security. The second half provides 12 case studies on the links between agricultural biodiversity and diets and nutrition. Sustainable diets are defined as those which are respectful of biodiversity and ecosystems; culturally acceptable, accessible, economically fair and affordable; nutritionally adequate, safe and healthy; while optimizing natural and human resources. The book is part of a larger series titled Issues in Agricultural Biodiversity.</p>

24 Jan 2014 11:50:30 GMT

Integrating biodiversity and ecosystem services in the post-2015 development agenda: Goal structure, target areas and means of implementation

<p>Published in the open access journal Sustainability, this paper examines the integration of biodiversity and ecosystem services (BES) into the post-2015 development agenda. Present discussions at the United Nations on defining a new set of development goals are focused on poverty alleviation and sustainable development, key components of BES. Poverty eradication is also one of the foundations of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity (SPB) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD); this paper responds to CBDs call for consideration of the SPB, and the related Aichi biodiversity targets, in any post-2015 agreement.</p><p> The introduction to the paper argues the importance of BES for human health, livelihoods, and well-being, and provides context on the relationship between BES, the Millennium Development Goals, the work already done by the CBD, and the need to integrate these goals. Following this, the authors expand upon how BES are crucial for human well-being by explaining how it underpins a plethora of sectors and human needs, e.g. food production, water, livelihoods, etc. Current proposals for goals and targets in the post-2015 agenda are then examined to see how BES are addressed, with three broad views identified for how to address environmental sustainability: integrated goals, goals addressing earth system functioning, and goals addressing environmental limits. All ten proposals examined included reference to biodiversity and/or ecosystem services, though only three specifically mentioned the Aichi targets. Next, a pathways analysis is used to identify ways to eradicate global hunger while avoiding further biodiversity loss. </p><p>Three pathways are identified with the capacity to reduce both biodiversity loss and climate change: large-scale technologically optimal solutions with a high level of international coordination; decentralised solutions, such as agriculture interwoven with natural corridors; and consumption change, most notably a reduction of meat consumption and reduction of agricultural waste (particularly in developed and developing nations respectively). Finally, the authors use a three-tier framework (human wellbeing, resource base, and global public goods) to identify target areas and means of implementation, with particular reference to the Aichi targets.</p>

15 Jan 2014 15:36:42 GMT

Aligning Biodiversity Compensation and REDD+: a primer on integrating private sector conservation financing schemes in the tropics and sub-tropics

<p>This paper presents a conceptual framework to begin integrating biodiversity compensation and REDD+ at project level. The additionality assessment from linking project-level conservation areas is covered at great length and the authors argue that this issue is resolvable, on a project-by-project basis through a joint additionality assessment. Coordinating stakeholders working on both fields to collaborate on harmonizing approaches is also shown to be an inevitable requirement of national and jurisdictional REDD+ frameworks, and policies. As project-level scenarios have already provided analogous guidance and best practices for the singular implementation of biodiversity compensation actions and REDD+, this paper argues that new pilot projects can take the first steps forward to linking these innovative approaches to private sector financed conservation in the tropics and sub-tropics.</p>

09 Jan 2014 12:50:19 GMT

Horizons of functional food production in Syria and its exportation to international markets: Russia as an example

<p>F.F is a category that comprises an extended spectrum of foods and beverages, ranging from natural foods that contain functional components like lycopene in tomato and Omega-3 fatty acids in seafood, to fortified foods like calcium-fortificated orange juice or cereal fortified with vitamins and minerals.</p><p>Functional food (F.F) can be an opportunity for economic growth for many developing countries, particularly those enjoying biodiversity and cumulative traditional knowledge about health effects of domestic plant species.</p><p>This working paper aims to review the scope of F.F production in Syria for the purpose of exporting it to foreign markets, in which the demand on F.F is increasing rapidly, focusing particularly on the Russian market as a case study, and plantago as an example plant. This choice is in harmony with the general direction of Syria&rsquo;s government (i.e. stepping easterly) on the one hand, and because the Russian market is a demanding market for F.F in light of the Russian consumers&rsquo; awareness of health foods.<br /><br />Whilst the Syrian Arab Republic has a rich biodiversity, which paves the way for developing the F.F sector in a remarkable way, there are several required conditions for the development of the sector, such as a sustainable management plane for exploiting these bio-resources, in order to avoid depletion, and deterioration of this environmental wealth.</p>

07 Jan 2014 12:49:13 GMT

Dirty cotton - a research on child labour, slavery, trafficking and exploitation in cotton and cotton seed farming in India

<p>The introduction of genetically modified or BT cotton in India has increased the demand for cheap labour.&nbsp; Recognising the need to understand and address the growing concern over the engagement of children in the cotton industry in India, this study examines the issue of child labour in four cotton and cotton seed growing states in &ndash; Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka and Maharashtra.<br /> <br /> The report highlights the following drivers behind prevalence of child labour in cotton industry:</p><ul> <li>BT technology is costly so farmers use cheap labour-children.</li> <li>difficulty in switching from BT technology due to changed soil chemistry and loans taken to meet costs perpetuate child labour</li> <li>BT cotton seed cultivation has relocated to impoverished areas to use cheap tribal labour and trafficked children from adjacent areas</li> <li>diminished regulation in seeds market has allowed companies to follow non-farmer friendly practices</li> <li>insufficient awareness about child labour law, right to education, etc among farmers, labourers and families of child labourers.&nbsp; Also, there is a myth that children's nimble fingers are ideal for cross pollination in BT cotton seed cultivation</li> <li>there is skewed supply and value chain of cotton, cotton seed and textiles</li></ul><p>To eliminate child labour and ensure that all children are able to get a fulfilled childhood enjoying the right to education and play, the following action is called for:</p><ul> <li>companies (seed, textile manufacturing, etc) should establish sustainable monitoring mechanisms to check child labour in their supply chains and ensure compliance with child rights</li> <li>national governments must ensure enactment of laws such as child labour laws, right to education, etc or to ensure their greater enforcement (when laws exist)</li> <li>civil society needs to create awareness for ethical consumerism and engage with different stakeholders (companies, governments, etc) to ensure their respective commitments and action for protection of child rights</li> <li>consumers need to demand information from companies about the use of child labour in their products before making their purchases and commit to using only child labour free products</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

02 Jan 2014 12:20:29 GMT

Building REDD+ for People and Nature: from lessons learned across Indonesia, Peru and the Democratic Republic of Congo to a new vision for REDD+

<p>This publication reports on WWF&rsquo;s forest and climate work between 2010 and 2013 which sought to develop models for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) that secure scalable forest ecosystem management while engaging those communities that live in and depend on forests in way improve their livelihoods. The report concludes that although valuable, REDD+ is not an end in itself but one tool to conserve biodiversity, reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change and although critical cannot exist in isolation.</p>

05 Dec 2013 16:43:52 GMT

Supplementing REDD+ with Biodiversity Payments: The Paradox of Paying for Multiple Ecosystem Services

<p>REDD+ is an emerging international climate policy mechanism which is being designed to deliver climate change mitigation benefits from tropical forests. REDD+ would make carbon payments to developing countries that reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation below internationally agreed reference levels. Developing countries would be responsible for designing their own policies to achieve these emission reductions.</p><p>This paper concludes that it may be possible to shift a portion of REDD+ funding away from carbon payments and towards biodiversity payments and obtain both more biodiversity benefits and more climate benefits.</p>

22 Nov 2013 10:12:39 GMT

WWF Mara River Basin Management Initiative, Kenya and Tanzania. Phase III - final evaluation report

<p>The scarce water resources of the transboundary Mara River Basin (13,750 km2), in Kenya and Tanzania are essential to more than one million people, multiple water uses and the world-famous Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem and its economically very important tourism industry. These water resources are under threat due to increasing competition for water, pollution, environmental degradation and climate change. Improved management of the water resources is essential. Tanzania and Kenya have undergone water sector reforms and changed policy, legislation and institutions in order to implement the new approach of integrated water resource management (IWRM). WWF and partners implemented the Mara River Basin Management Initiative (MRBMI) to pilot the water sector reforms&rsquo; IWRM approach and to address threats and opportunities to the water resources.<br />The main purpose of the evaluation was to provide WWF and stakeholders with an independent assessment of the project achievements and to guide WWF in the design of similar future projects. The evaluation focussed on phase III of the MRBMI.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

04 Nov 2013 18:52:37 GMT

Pastoralists and wildlife conservation in western China: collaborative management within protected areas on the Tibetan Plateau

<p>Background Pastoralists have long inhabited vast areas of western China, including the Tibetan Plateau region. Their traditional land use practices and cultural conservation ethic have helped to protect the natural resource base upon which they depend and the wildlife that co-exist with them in the grassland landscapes. However, in a rapidly changing socio-economic environment, including significant expansion of the protected area system and regional comprehensive development plans, local communities do not always have an evident voice in the conservation and development dialogues that closely affect their lives.</p><p>With introduction and development of collaborative management - that is, a partnership between local communities, nature reserve authorities and other stakeholders - a landscape-level approach to conservation is now being modelled in Qinghai Province. Central to effective co-management are bi-directional relationships. There are also a wealth of direct and indirect services that may be provided by pastoralists under co-management, and in the compensation and payment options available to them in return for their critical services.</p><p>As this paper concludes, the contributions of pastoralists to wildlife conservation efforts are significant, but up to now insufficiently recognised. New insights regarding the relationship between pastoralists and wildlife conservation - including the potential role of community ecotourism, the development of local herders&#39; cooperatives and of trust funds, and the need for greater clarity in local regulatory frameworks - are provided herein, with presentation of specific experiences and lessons learned from a project piloted in the headwaters of the Yangtze River over the past decade. A fuller, richer model of co-management is recommended.</p>

30 Aug 2013 13:30:36 GMT

Indigenous women's preferences for climate change adaptation and aquaculture development to build capacity in the Northern Territory

<p>Research was carried out on South Goulburn Island, Northern Territory, to improve understandings of local, Indigenous people&rsquo;s dependency on marine resources, and of their perspectives on climate change, and aquaculture as a means towards adapting to climate change. Workshops and interviews were carried out mostly with women, but also some men with an emphasis on the use of participatory and visual techniques to encourage discussion of the future.</p><p>The research indicated that aquaculture could provide a diversified livelihood option, if carefully introduced and aligned with cultural values and preferred aspirations for the future. Success in combining aquaculture development with adaptation to climate change would depend on external stakeholders being very aware of local indigenous conceptions of the interconnections between environment and culture, and differences in worldview around the future, climate change and enterprise development. Such a (combined) process will also need attention paid to developing trust and communication, genuine support and engagement and indigenous involvement in decisionmaking.</p>

27 Aug 2013 01:56:06 GMT

Diagnostic assessment of select environmental challenges valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in India

<p>This paper reports on a wide range of research that estimates the value of ecosystem services (ESS) in India, including those related to forests, grasslands, wetlands, mangroves, and coral reefs. Estimates for forest services are based on an extensive Indian Green Accounting study, from which the values of timber and non-timber (fodder, water recharge, prevention of soil erosion, etc.) have been taken. There is an added non-use value of forests as well as an update of the value for forest sequestration based on the latest estimates of trends in forest management.&nbsp;</p><p>The total value of services from these ecosystems is estimated Rs.1.4 trillion (US$29 billion) in 2009 as a central estimate. This amounts to about 3.0 percent of the country&rsquo;s GDP in that year. Of the total value, wetlands are the largest at 48 percent. Of the other services, coral reefs and forests each account for 22 percent; followed by grasslands at 7 percent, and mangroves at 2 percent.</p>

27 Aug 2013 00:22:42 GMT

The climate and development challenge for Latin America and the Caribbean: options for climate-resilient, low-carbon development

This comprehensive report by the Inter-American Development Bank seeks to assess the physical and economic impacts of climate change in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), as well as adaptation options available. Additionally, the report examines how, and at what cost, the region can reduce its carbon footprint to a level consistent with global stabilisation goals. Chapter one looks at the various climate impacts that are likely to occur, including: warming, changing rainfall patterns and a reduction in soil-moisture impacting agriculture; coastal and marine zones affected by rising sea-levels; increasing intensity and frequency of extreme weather; spread of vector diseases and other health-related impacts; changes in hydrology; and potential rainforest dieback. Chapter two provides a current emissions and trends profile for key sectors, projections of a ‘business as usual’ scenario, and the financial costs of intervention. Finally, development cobenefits from adaptation and mitigation are discussed, with numerous examples provided and broken down by sector. Among the extensive research and analysis, some key conclusions and recommendations emerge: (1) The physical and natural damage to LAC associated with a now almost certain 2°C rise in temperatures are expected to be substantial. Key impacts will be felt in a partial collapse of the Caribbean coral biome, the disappearance of glaciers under 5000m, and a degree of savannisation in the Amazon basin. (2) Economic impacts in LAC will be significant, conservatively estimated to be $100b annually by 2050. Rapid adaptation efforts could significantly mitigate future economic costs, though not all losses in natural capital. (3) Global mitigation actions are essential to prevent greater damage, since LAC itself seems to have decoupled economic growth from that of carbon emissions (11 per cent down from 2000 levels). (4) Despite this, a ‘business as usual’ trajectory would lead to annual emissions five-times the level required as part of global climate stabilisation goals by 2050. This means significant mitigation efforts are needed across all sectors. (5) Adaptation and mitigation generate significant development cobenefits, though these are not sufficiently understood to guarantee to removals of barriers to action.

13 Aug 2013 09:10:13 GMT

Forests and trees for social adaptation to climate variability and change

Ecosystems provide crucial services to help people adapt to climate change. In conducting a review of the scientific literature, this paper shows how ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation can reduce social vulnerability to climate hazards, and highlights knowledge gaps and trade-offs that require more research. <br /><br />The paper examines the impact of climate variation or change, the social vulnerability, and the ecosystem services of the following five different uses of forests and trees.<br /><ul> <li>Forests and trees providing goods for local communities &ndash; Besides providing timber, they can act as a safety net by providing charcoal, firewood, food and a source of income diversification. Exclusion from forest and mangrove resources has been shown to increase vulnerability, disproportionately affecting the poor. </li> <li>Use of trees in agriculture to regulate water, soil and microclimate &ndash; Agroforestry is known to increase soil porosity, reduce runoff and increase soil cover, while nitrogen-fixing trees increase agricultural drought-resilience. </li> <li>Regulating water and protecting soil with forested watersheds &ndash; Water infiltration, rainfall interception and groundwater recharge are all influenced by forests, contributing to the regulation of base and peak flows. They also stabilise soil and reduce erosion, though their ability to mitigate extreme events is still debated. </li> <li>Forests as coastal protection from climate-related threats &ndash; Mangroves can protect coastal areas from storms, floods and erosion through the absorption and dissipation of wave energy. This is evident in post-disaster studies, local knowledge and correlation models between mangrove cover and storm impacts; however, quantification remains difficult. </li> <li>Regulating water and temperature with urban forests and trees &ndash; Shade, evaporative cooling, and rainwater interception are a few of the benefits of urban forests and trees. It has been estimated that adding ten per cent of green cover to city centres could reduce surface temperature by up to 2.2 degrees Celsius. </li></ul>The paper concludes by expressing the need for a greater understanding of the efficiency, costs and benefits, and trade-offs of ecosystem-based approaches with forests and trees. To aid in this, the abundant literature on ecosystem services should be revisited with a climate change related lens.

10 May 2013 08:02:21 GMT

Understanding relationships between biodiversity, carbon, forests and people: the key to achieving REDD+ objectives. A global assessment report

This report seeks to better understand the relationships between biodiversity, carbon, forests and people, so as to support the achievement of REDD+ objectives. It summarises the latest scientific literature to make sense of the complex web of relationships, how they may be affected by the implementation of REDD+ management activities, and the potential trade-offs and synergies between and among environmental and socioeconomic objectives.<br /><br />The introduction provides a summary of the issue, presenting contextual data to illustrate the importance of, and challenges faced by, forest ecosystems. It also discusses REDD+ and its aims of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, as well as conserving, managing and increasing forests as carbon stocks. <br /><br />The report is split into four chapters. The first chapter explores the relationships and impacts of deforestation and forest degradation on biodiversity, carbon and other ecosystem services. Covering a range of forest types, it gives a broad overview of biodiversity and carbon relationships in potential REDD+ programme regions. <br /><br />Impacts of forest and land management on biodiversity and carbon are the focus of the second chapter, which explores management and action approaches, identifying areas for improving agricultural practice, measures to reduce the impact of various extractive industries, and indicators for the effective monitoring of carbon and biodiversity.<br /><br />Social and economic considerations relevant to REDD+ are covered by the third chapter, including the social and economic context of governance and its consequences. This chapter concludes that REDD+ activities can greatly benefit poor people (particularly through participatory practices) and generate significant financial flows.<br /><br />The fourth chapter examines existing and future options for governance of REDD+, forest management and biodiversity. It explores options to synergise climate, forest management and biodiversity at both the national and international scale, including information on data collection, planning, policies and finance. The report concludes that governance is likely to remain pluralistic; rather than impose a singular solution, this complexity should be embraced.

21 Jan 2013 16:14:01 GMT

Turn down the heat: why a 4°C warmer world must be avoided

This report, produced for the World Bank by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics, attempts to describe what climate change impacts are likely to be felt in a &lsquo;4&deg;C world', i.e. a world where global average temperatures have risen four degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. In doing so, it hopes to motivate actors and insert urgency into climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts.<br /><br />The report first discusses presently observed climate changes and impacts, with extensive data and analysis provided across numerous areas. These include the following.<br /><ul> <li>Rising greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: from a pre-industrial concentration of around 278 parts per million (ppm), the levels of carbon dioxide, as of September 2012, have reached 391ppm (increasing at a rate of 1.9ppm per year).</li> <li>Warming and rising sea levels: coral reefs are at particular risk and increased acidification is also an issue of concern.</li> <li>Loss of ice: summer ice in the Arctic has halved in the last few decades.</li> <li>Extreme weather and climate: increased severity and frequency of droughts and storms, and greater temperature extremes.</li> <li>Welfare impacts: it is estimated that just a degree Celsius rise in temperature could reduce economic growth by around 1.3 per cent.</li></ul><br />The paper then goes on to describe likely projections for the 21st century should a &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; become reality. Particular focus is placed on sea level rise, changes in extreme temperatures and sectoral impacts (agriculture, water, ecosystems/biodiversity and human health). These impacts are largely determined through an assumed linear growth. However, the final section of the paper warns of non-linear accelerating effects and impacts should certain 'tipping-points' be breached (either by introducing 'feedback' or else triggering 'cascades' of interlinked effects). <br /><br />The concluding remarks stress the importance of cooperative, international actions to avoiding an unacceptable four degrees Celsius rise in global temperature. A &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; would disproportionately impact less developed countries which are least equipped to deal with climate change. As well as the direct impacts on food security and loss and damage, a &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; would likely greatly impact efforts to eradicate poverty.

12 Dec 2012 09:01:19 GMT

Mainstreaming community-based conservation in a transboundary mountain landscape: lessons from Kangchenjunga

This paper draws recommendations for transboundary and participatory biodiversity conservation from the Kangchenjunga Conservation Landscape Initiative. This 'biodiversity hotspot' - shared by Bhutan, India and Nepal - is one of seven transboundary landscapes indentified by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) for regional cooperation development. <br /><br />Until the mid-1990s, conservation efforts in Kangchenjunga were primarily focused on the creation of Protected Areas (PAs), resulting in a collection of 'conservation islands' with different management regimes surrounded by a landscape in which biodiversity continued to decline. Since then, concepts of best practice in sustainable biodiversity management have transitioned from protectionist to a participatory ecosystem approach. This has led ICIMOD to develop conservation corridors in order to link the PAs and to assist countries in managing this transboundary landscape in a sustainable way.<br /><br />The influence of national policy in people-centred conservation in the area is discussed by country. Nepal has progressed significantly from strict protectionist strategies in the 1960's to initiate a number of new and amended legislative actions to recognise community rights, introduce buffer zone regulations to address needs and conflicts with locals, and further participatory forest conservation. Despite many progressive efforts, there have been mixed results in India with regard to implementation. Bhutan has empowered forest user groups in a representative system of conservation management covering 49 per cent of the country's geographical area.<br /><br />The paper concludes with five recommendations for Bhutan, India and Nepal:<br /><ul> <li>include community conserved areas within PAs, embracing the needs and role of local people in conservation;</li> <li>introduce legislation that grants rights regarding natural resources and participation in biodiversity management to community-based institutions, the poor and the socially marginalised;</li> <li>develop institutions and management programmes to identify and establish corridors between PAs;</li> <li>empower community-based institutions to fully participate in natural resource management;</li> <li>adopt a formal framework to address transboundary issues in the Kangchenjunga region.</li></ul>

22 Nov 2012 09:00:59 GMT

Prospects and Constraints of Madhupur National Park Management

The study was conducted in Madhupur National Park (MNP), which is very well known for its characteristics as deciduous forest. This study examined the constraints of park management, causes of deforestation and prospects of Madhupur Sal forests of Bangladesh. Data were collected from the Madhupur National Park authority and a study was done to have clear scenario of the park management and status of forest over time. It is evident from the study that due to various factors like anthropogenic disturbances, political abusement, absence of proper rules and regulations, willingless of the authority, encroachment of forest by locals/local leaders, illegal cutting of Sal trees, agro-forestry, and lack of adequate budget are main constraints for managing MNP. The study also revealed that about 1-3% of the forest is depleted each year, and about 50-80 years later, the forest will be completely vanished or scattered in somewhere.

31 Oct 2012 09:01:00 GMT

International regime on access and benefit sharing: negotiation dynamics and South Asian issues

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was instituted as the international regime that would serve as the basis to negotiate issues of access and benefit sharing (ABS) related to genetic resources. In this context, the current paper discusses the negotiation dynamics of the international regime on ABS, and issues for South Asian countries.<br /><br />The paper states that after about two decades of the institution of the CBD, the issue of ABS is still fraught with significant problems, mainly because of the lack of enforceability of the Convention due to its legally non-binding nature. In this respect, although all the countries in South Asia have signed and ratified the CBD, only two countries in the region have put in place related national legislation.<br /><br />On the negotiations front, the author demonstrates that:<br /><ul> <li>despite the fact that most issues remain unresolved and controversial, the implications of realising the agenda put forth in 2008 would be manifold and greatly help countries strengthen measures on ABS </li> <li>on the other hand, the developing world should bear in mind that negotiations should not be rushed into, for it is extremely important to arrive at balanced and carefully thought-out solutions as envisaged in the ABS regime&rsquo;s operational text</li></ul><br />Concerning South Asia, the document indicates that:<br /><ul> <li>the legal environment in the region lacks not only regulatory measures, but also implementation of measures that already exist</li> <li>therefore, South Asian countries should strive to strengthen their legal, regulatory and administrative frameworks on the ABS regime</li></ul><br />The paper concludes that South Asia requires an exhaustive international ABS regime to address the issues of access to biological and/or genetic resources and traditional knowledge, and stop biopiracy.

12 Sep 2012 21:34:15 GMT

Global environmental outlook 5: environment for the future we want

The fifth Global Environment Outlook (GEO-5) analyses the state, trends, outlook and responses to environmental change. It assesses progress towards meeting internationally agreed goals and identifies gaps in their achievement.<br /><br />The outlook examines the drivers of environmental change and the overarching socio-economic forces that exert pressure on the environment. Drivers such as population dynamics, economic demand, and unsustainable consumption and production patterns are processes that affect the environment and result, directly or indirectly, in increased emissions and destructive resource extraction. The report notes that, as pressures on the Earth System accelerate, several critical global, regional and local thresholds are close or have been exceeded. This can lead to abrupt and possibly irreversible changes to the Earth's life support functions with significant adverse implications for human wellbeing. <br /><br />According to the report, lack of reliable and consistent time series data on the state of the environment is a major barrier to increasing the effectiveness of policies and programmes. Moreover, despite evidence of continuing deterioration, many important drivers of environmental change, or their impacts, are not systematically monitored.<br /><br />The report makes the following recommendations for countries:<br /><ul> <li>monitor and assess the environment and integrate social, economic and environmental information into decision-making processes</li> <li>standardise approaches and build capacity for data collection</li> <li>invest in enhanced capacities and mechanisms at local, national and international levels to achieve sustainability</li> <li>strengthen global institutions to fulfil human needs while avoiding environmental degradation</li> <li>standardise approaches that address the underlying drivers of anthropogenic pressures on the Earth System, especially population growth and overconsumption.<br /></li></ul>

15 Jun 2012 09:49:30 GMT

Reefs at Risk Revisted

Like the original Reefs at Risk, this study evaluates threats to coral reefs from a wide range of human activities. It also includes an assessment of climate-related threats to reefs. In addition, Reefs at Risk Revisited includes a global assessment of the vulnerability of nations and territories to coral reef degradation, based on their dependence on coral reefs and their capacity to adapt.

23 Mar 2012 09:05:49 GMT

Resuscitating the Sundarbans: customary use of biodiversity & traditional culture practices in Bangladesh

The study is participatory work of different research wings, local communities of Sundarban. It explores the crisis already has created in mantaining biodiversity in sundarban due mismanagement and over exploitation of the resources there. If such kind of measures continues it will break up the ecological balance and call on unfortubnate natural disastrous , already bangladesh is facing. so the paper invastigates the secnario and find out some possible solutions for the drastic situation continuing in the sundarban,the only largest mangrove forest of the world.It is urgent to save Sundarban to maintain the harmony of nature , otherwise Bangladesh will face more havoc than present in future

20 Mar 2012 09:05:00 GMT

Integrating protected areas into climate planning

Though protected areas have increased considerably over the last 130 years, there are several troubling trends, including national and regional disparities, ecological gaps, a decline in the growth of new protected areas, and problems with ineffective management. However, society increasingly expects protected areas to provide an expanded array of benefits, including climate mitigation, resilience and adaptation. This paper discusses the integration of protected areas into climate planning.<br /><br />The article argues that despite the overall growth in protected area coverage, the reality is that:<br /><ul> <li>there are great disparities in the world&rsquo;s protected area estate</li> <li>the rapid growth of protected areas is not uniform across countries reflecing several underlying factors</li> <li>whereas growth of marine protected areas has been impressive, much of this gain can be attributed to a relatively small number of very large marine reserves</li> <li>there has been a marked decline in the rate of growth for terrestrial protected areas in the last decade</li> <li>legal designation of an area as protected does not always ensure effective management.<br /></li></ul>The paper poses the following questions for policy makers in relation to the maximisation of climate change resilience, adaptation and mitigation.<br /><ul> <li>Where should new protected areas be located?</li> <li>How should protected areas be managed?</li> <li>What factors and policies are necessary? <br /></li></ul>The article suggests the following policy direction:<br /><ul> <li>a robust and compatible policy environment is essential for an effective protected area system</li> <li>planners should assess the economic value of protected areas in relation to climate change</li> <li>protected area policy makers should explicitly link protected areas into national climate change planning</li> <li>planners should take advantage of climate funding to improve the enabling environment by advocating for restoring degraded key protected areas</li> <li>planners should incorporate climate change into ecological gap assessments and consider climate-related design features in the layout of new protected areas</li> <li>planners can better integrate protected area planning into sectoral planning such as transportation, energy and invasive species; assess and communicate the full economic value of protected areas in addressing climate-related issues and ensure that protected areas are an integral part of climate adaptation planning. <br /></li></ul>The paper concludes that although there are potential tradeoffs between managing protected areas for biodiversity and for climate, the overwhelming social, economic and ecological benefits of protected areas make them a natural and cost-effective investment.

28 Feb 2012 01:38:52 GMT

Geographical indications, in situ conservation and traditional knowledge

<p>Geographical indications (GIs) have been a neglected area in the various fora addressing biodiversity and intellectual property. This policy brief focuses on basic GI concepts and the overall conclusion of the overview of over 30 GI cases. <br /></p><p>The document demonstrates the following observations:</p><ul> <li>GI development may promote biodiversity conservation directly through the use of a specific genetic resource, or indirectly through management practices that include ecosystem considerations</li> <li>current trends in multilateral and national GI protection systems show that the issue is moving in practice, and indicate that developing countries are active in GI development</li> <li>value chain differentiation is a very important concept in terms of GIs and has important policy implications <br /></li></ul><p>The paper concludes that indications of source, basic labelling of generics and the possibility of registering GIs according to the specific value chain should be considered within GI implementation strategies. In addition, promoting innovative approaches to marketing with a geographical identity is required as well. <br /></p><p>Final general recommendations are that:</p><ul> <li>GI protection systems should focus on the creation of an enabling institutional environment to prevent the false use of GIs</li> <li>GI registration systems should be precise and flexible and also consider the legal framework for the development of governing bodies</li> <li>the governance features of GIs should contribute to the respectful and creative use of traditional knowledge and practices</li> <li>regarding hunger and poverty alleviation goals, it is important to avoid economic exclusion processes at the local and regional level as a consequence of developing only high-end valuable markets</li> <li>in terms of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) agenda, the neglect of GIs within current conversations should end, and there should be deep discussions on GIs contributions to rural conservation <br /></li></ul>

27 Feb 2012 21:44:42 GMT

Bridging the gap on intellectual property and genetic resources in WIPO’s Intergovernmental Committee (IGC)

<p>The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) committee on intellectual property and genetic resources (IGC) was created in 2000. This report argues that the IGC has an historic opportunity to contribute towards providing meaningful responses to concerns relating to biodiversity and intellectual property (IP). <br /></p><p>In this regard, the study emphasises that:</p><ul> <li>the relationship of genetic resources and traditional knowledge to intellectual property protection is a controversial issue</li> <li>one important challenge it raises stems from the fact that discussions have taken place simultaneously in a number of international forums that have different mandates</li> <li>the IGC has generated significant research and resulted in some technical measures, yet it has to deliver with respect to international norm setting</li> <li>in 2009, an important step was taken when the WIPO instructed the IGC to accelerate its work towards developing protective international instruments <br /></li></ul><p>The document figures that while a binding instrument is favourable, soft law solutions should not be ruled out provided they address concerns effectively. Furthermore, it points out these recommendations:</p><ul> <li>the Nagoya Protocol&rsquo;s new access and benefit-sharing standards should be supported in the IP system and addressed in ongoing negotiations in the IGC, the TRIPS Council, and FTAs</li> <li>a set of operational provisions should be added to the current IGC draft of objectives and principles in order to advance the process and facilitate their implementation</li> <li>the substance of the recent proposal by the IGC&rsquo;s Group of Like Minded Countries (GLMC) could provide a suitable basis for negotiations in the IGC</li> <li>the introduction of Biodiversity-related Disclosure Requirements (BRDRs) at the multilateral level should be complemented by other policy developments</li> <li>additional research on practical national experiences of BRDRs is urgently needed, which could be undertaken by IGC members directly or requested of the WIPO secretariat <br /></li></ul>

25 Feb 2012 21:42:22 GMT

Sundarbans: future imperfect climate adaptation report

The eco-region of Sundarbans is unique and fragile because it is one of the most extensive mangrove forests in the world. This report describes the Sundarbans region and the impacts of climate change using evidence from the people who live there, scientific data, and efforts to address the problems of the imminent threats and vulnerabilities to this fragile ecosystem.<br /><br />The report highlights the following recurrent themes from the voices of inhabitants of the Sundarbans.<br /><ul> <li>Rising sea level: most of the islands in the Sundarbans are low lying, meaning that as the sea level rises, land is lost to the sea. This puts further pressure on agriculture production, yet the salinity of the water destroys the productivity of the soil. <br /></li> <li>Unpredictable rainfall patterns: changing rainfall patterns are making conventional cultivation of crops difficult for farmers.</li> <li>Impact on fisheries: there are fewer fish because the increased salinity of water has caused them to migrate. <br /></li> <li>Frequency and intensity of storms has increased causing further vulnerability.</li></ul>The publication uses data regarding the Sundarbans over eighteen years to verify the climate witness accounts scientifically as follows.<br /><ul> <li>Environmental factors affecting farming: the contributing factors to decreasing rainfall and extreme weather can be scientifically measured using the ambient temperature change over land, as well as change in rainfall pattern and forest cover.</li> <li>Environmental factors affecting fishing: the studies show a steady decline in the catch per unit effort of fish and confirm that increasing salinity in the estuarine water is leading to a depletion of freshwater fish species.</li> <li>Sea level change and coastal erosion: the study concluded that the relative mean sea level in Sagar and adjoining areas of the Bay of Bengal was rising at 3.14mm per year, compared to a global estimate of between 0.5 and 3mm per year.</li> <li>Change in high intensity events: both studies concluded that although storms and cyclones were rarer, they tended to do more damage when they occurred. <br /></li></ul>The report concludes that the observations made by the inhabitants of the Sundarbans are mostly grounded in scientific fact.

20 Feb 2012 17:53:34 GMT

Wildlife-human interactions: from conflict to coexistence in sustainable landscapes. A cooperative research project between India and Norway

<p>Reports on a project which sought to understand the dynamics of wildlife human interactions in India and Norway (in a sample of multiuse landscapes) and to develop mechanisms of coexistence suitable to the countries. The project focussed on species that regularly come into conflict with humans, but which reflect <br />the diversity of forms these conflicts can take. </p><p>The report makes&nbsp;numerous recommendations&nbsp;for further research and addresses a number of policy implications arising from the study. These address wildlife management policy at both state and national level and some consideration is also given to the implications for Convention on Biological Diversity. The authors challenge stakeholders and decision makers&nbsp;to assess and implement actions to achieve a better coexistence between humans and wildlife based on the report's findings.</p>

26 Sep 2011 16:57:09 GMT

High mountain glaciers and climate change: challenges to human livelihoods and adaptation

<p>Climate change is causing significant mass loss of glaciers in high mountains worldwide. This report calls for accelerating research, monitoring and modeling of glaciers, snow and their role in water supplies. <br /></p><p>Although glacier systems are inherently complex overall trends indicate that&nbsp;globally glaciers are receding.&nbsp;This is likely to accelerate in the coming decades. Impacts of the shrinkage of mountain glaciers include changes in the flow characteristics of glacier-fed rivers, glacier lake outburst floods&nbsp;and changing flood severity and frequency. This will most likely increase human vulnerability in concerned areas, and&nbsp;have major impacts on food security. <br /></p><p>Recommendations of this report are as follows:&nbsp;</p><ul> <li>strengthen glacial research and trans-national collaboration with emphasis on mass calculation and the effects of glacial recession on biodiversity and&nbsp;water resources&nbsp;availability downstream</li> <li>improve modeling of precipitation patterns and effects on water availability in mountain regions, particularly in Asia and Latin America&nbsp;</li> <li>prioritise support to and development of adaptation to water-related disasters</li> <li>prioritise programmes and support to development and implementation of adaptation strategies for too much and too little water including strengthening the role of women</li> <li>urgently support the implementation and improvement of both small and large-scale water capture and storage systems</li> <li>improve efficiency of current irrigation systems through the use of green technology and agricultural knowledge <br /><br /></li></ul>

26 Aug 2011 08:11:25 GMT

Agriculture biodiversity and food security: two sides of a coin

This research paper explains the relationship between food production and agricultural biodiversity, and analyses the impact of indiscriminate loss of agricultural biodiversity on food security.<br /><br />Bangladesh has been suffering from food shortage for its 150 million people, though it has favourable climatic conditions to produce highly productive native crop varieties. The study condemns two major reasons for this food crisis in agrarian Bangladesh - the lack of proper use of agriculture biodiversity, and the practice of modern agriculture systems that are based on hybrid seeds, chemical fertilisers, and pesticides without paying much attention to the native varieties.<br /><br />The paper also blames the callousness of incumbent political regimes and obsolete agricultural tradition as the obstacles to achieve food sufficiency. Political decisions regulate the agro-sector in Bangladesh. After independence, most of the governments took attempts to gain self-sufficiency in food production. However, their short-sighted planning or narrow political interests hastened the loss of biodiversity. As one of the signatories to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Bangladesh is committed to conserving its biological diversity. Regrettably, no special attention has so far been given in the budgetary allocation to conserve and use its unique agricultural biodiversity.<br /><br /><br />In conclusion the paper recommends some policies to maintain smooth food production and ensure food security. Replacing current mechanized agricultural production systems with sustainable production methods such as mixed farming systems and organic agriculture are highly encouraged for this purpose.

25 Aug 2011 12:29:04 GMT

Display Next Eldis Biodiversity [eldis.org]

Global Forum on Environment: New Perspectives on the Water-Energy-Food-Nexus

To be held on 27-28 November 2014, the forum will focus on four areas that can contribute to more integrated policy making. Topics for discussion will include the need to understand long-term impacts of the nexus on growth; ways to improve coherence between national, regional and local planning and priorities; the importance of promoting private sector investment in the nexus; and.... The draft agenda is now available.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 13:29:00 GMT

Economics and Policies for Biodiversity: OECD's Response

Biodiversity is fundamental to sustaining life, providing critical ecosystem services, such as food security, water purification, nutrient cycling, and climate regulation, that are essential to support human well-being and economic growth. Event: OECD participated at the Convention on Biological Diversity held on 8-16 October 2014.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 15:15:00 GMT

Inducing Private Finance for Renewable Energy Projects: Evidence from Micro-Data

This paper analyses the effects of government policies on flows of private finance for investment in renewable energy. It also examines whether direct provision of public finance for a project increases the volume of private finance raised. The analysis covers 87 countries, six renewable energy sectors (wind, solar, biomass, small hydropower, marine and geothermal).

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Behold the power of fungus... and biodiversity offsets - Insights blog

When you think of biodiversity conservation, you probably think of the classic images: the polar bear, the lion, the elephant, the giraffe. The ecological community likes to call them charismatic megafauna, with only a hint of satire.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:32:00 GMT

The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making

An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. The main objective of the paper is to draw insights from experience in the UK, Japan, Spain and Portugal of theadded value to policy making of undertaking national level ecosystem assessments.

Fri, 10 Oct 2014 11:04:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Joint OECD-NBER Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run

Despite large and growing investments in knowledge and innovation, productivity growth in many countries has slowed in recent years. At the same time, the urgent need for more rapid innovation (including its uptake and diffusion) in several key areas, such as in environment. This joint OECD-NBER workshop on 25-26 September 2014 will bring together academic experts to consider these challenges.

Thu, 25 Sep 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

OECD participation in the UN Climate Summit

The UN Climate Summit took place on 23 September 2014 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, chaired the session on "The Economic Case for Climate Action," where global leaders discussed The New Climate Economy Report: Better Growth, Better Climate, by the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 12:34:00 GMT

The climate is changing, so should we - Insights Blog

The OECD Environment Directorate has produced two videos to explain key climate issues as the UN Climate Summit opens today at UN headquarters in New York.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 10:54:00 GMT

There’s no bailout option for climate - Insights Blog

Saving the Earth’s climate is sometimes compared to saving the world’s financial system following the crisis in 2007. But it’s not. The taxpayer saved the financial system by bailing it out a cost of trillions of dollars over a very short period, but there is no bailout option for the climate.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 14:30:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - Sept 2014

This event held on 16-17 September 2014 at the IEA is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 15:30:00 GMT

The time for tough decisions on climate change is now

Reversing the damage is within our grasp, but it will hinge on a strong international climate agreement and policies that make polluters pay. Op Ed by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General and Nick Stern, Chair of the Grantham Institute for Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics, The Guardian.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 11:40:00 GMT

The water challenge: OECD's response

Without new policies, by 2050, freshwater availability will be further strained, with 2.3 billion more people than today projected to be living in river basins experiencing severe water stress. Latest information: The OECD participated in the Stockholm World Water Week from 31 August-5 September 2014.

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 09:32:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

Think Green: education and environmental awareness

Education plays a crucial role in raising awareness of environmental challenges and shaping the attitudes and behaviours that can make a difference. A recently released Trends Shaping Education Spotlight looks at the role of education in both preparing and providing our citizens with the skills needed for a sustainable and productive future.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 14:08:00 GMT

Productivity measurement with natural capital and bad outputs

This paper presents a productivity growth measure that explicitly accounts for natural capital as an input factor and for undesirable goods, or “bads”, as an output of the production process.

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 17:20:00 GMT

Personal tax treatment of company cars and commuting expenses: Estimating the fiscal and environmental costs

Company cars form a large proportion of the car fleet in many OECD countries and are also influential in determining the composition of the wider vehicle fleet. When employees provided with a company car use that car for personal purposes, personal income tax rules value the benefit in a number of different ways.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 07:48:00 GMT

Exploring Potential Data Sources for Estimating Private Climate Finance - Environment Working Paper

The paper reviews a number of commercial and public data sources to examine their potential for increasing coverage and understanding of the volume and characteristics of private climate finance beyond renewable energy projects. Such information is needed to assess progress towards the global transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient economies.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 09:08:00 GMT

Research Co-operation between Developed and Developing Countries in the Area of Climate Change Adaptation and Biodiversity

Climate change and biodiversity loss have increasingly become the subject of international policy deliberations. It is widely recognised that strong and effective international co-operation is required to address these issues. Co-operation in science and technology between developed and developing countries is considered to be of particular importance.

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 16:56:00 GMT

Moving beyond rhetoric: Responsibility in practice

This Global Forum plays an important role as the tool for on-going dialogue on responsible business conduct. I am pleased to announce that today, Ministers from over 20 countries are coming together to discuss how to integrate responsibility considerations throughout government policies. Their work will contribute to protect internationally recognised fundamental rights and to ensure good governance, fair regulations, and transparency.

Thu, 26 Jun 2014 11:08:00 GMT

Rain doesn’t follow the plow: climate change, agriculture and water

In many areas today, there is no such thing as a “natural” landscape. Thousands of years of farming have selected and encouraged some species, marginalised or eliminated others. The land itself has been altered by ploughing, enclosure, herding and other human interventions. We may feel that we have tamed Nature. Reports like this new one from the OECD remind us of our ignorance and warn us about our arrogance.

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Expert Workshop on Adaptation Financing and Implementation, June 2014

This workshop focused on putting priorities into practice in OECD countries. Country-specific prioritisation, sectoral approaches, mainstreaming tools including questions on public sector finance and research needs were all topics covered during the two days of the workshop.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Global Forum on Environment: Promoting Sustainable Materials Management through Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is increasingly recognised worldwide as an efficient waste management policy to help improve recycling and reduce landfilling of products and materials. This Forum took place on 17-19 June 2014, in Tokyo, Japan, to identify key challenges and opportunities for further developing EPR policies.

Tue, 17 Jun 2014 19:04:00 GMT

Message in a bottle: Producers not taxpayers should pay for the waste they generate - Insights Blog

Have you ever wondered who was paying to recycle that plastic bottle you just threw away?

Sat, 14 Jun 2014 09:25:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impacts: Conceptual Frameworks, Modelling Approaches and Research Needs - Environment Working Paper No. 66

This paper presents a framework to include feedbacks from climate impacts on the economy in integrated assessment models. The proposed framework uses a production function approach, which links climate impacts to key variables and parameters used in the specification of economic activity. The paper pays particular attention to the challenges of distinguishing between damages and the costs of adapting to climate change.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:07:00 GMT

An Overview of the OECD ENV-Linkages Model - Environment Working Paper No. 65

This document provides a detailed technical description of the ENV-Linkages model. The OECD ENV-Linkages Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is an economic model that describes how economic activities are inter-linked across several macroeconomic sectors and regions. It links economic activity to environmental pressure, specifically to emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:05:00 GMT

Economic Implications of the IEA Efficient World Scenario - Environment Working Paper No. 64

In its 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) produced an Efficient World Scenario to assess how implementing only economically viable energy efficiency measures would affect energy markets, investment and greenhouse emissions (GHG). Using the OECD ENV-Linkages macro-economic model, this report simulates the economic and environmental impacts which the IEA Efficient World Scenario implies.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 13:58:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Air pollution, the invisible killer - Insights Blog

Today’s post, marking World Environment Day, is from OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría. Air pollution has become the biggest environmental cause of premature death, overtaking poor sanitation and a lack of clean drinking water.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Material resources, productivity and the environment

This report describes the material basis of OECD economies. It examines how material resources flow between the economy and the environment, and the factors that drive changes in resource productivity over time and across countries.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 10:05:00 GMT

Managing our natural resources: can we build more with less? - Insights Blog

For World Environment Day on 5 June 2014, the OECD Environment Directorate looks at how we use and manage natural resources.

Wed, 04 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Insight Blog - Wake up and save the coffee: Making development climate-resilient

A new OECD report describes what Ethiopia and Columbia are doing to sustain development in a changing climate.

Mon, 28 Apr 2014 12:56:00 GMT

Climate Resilience in Development Planning: Experiences in Colombia and Ethiopia

Developing countries are vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Improving climate resilience is an essential part of countries’ efforts to reduce poverty and meet development objectives. How can this be achieved? This report shows steps countries are taking to address climate variability and prepare for future changes. It identifies key elements to integrate climate resilience into national development planning.

Tue, 22 Apr 2014 15:14:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Insights Blog: IPCC and climate change risks - What would you do?

The latest Climate Change Report from the IPCC argues that human interference with the climate system is occurring, and climate change poses risks for human and natural systems. The report identifies eight major risks with high confidence, and says that each of these risks contributes to one of more of the five “reasons for concern”.

Mon, 31 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - March 2014

This event held on 18-19 March 2014 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Blog: Fighting the tide - Preparing for the water-related impacts of climate change

With headlines of record‑breaking water-related disasters around the world, this blog, written by Kathleen Dominique, OECD Environment Economist, discusses the water impacts of climate change. This post is part of Wikiprogress' series on "water" and the "environment".

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 15:04:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Video: How should governments prepare for floods?

In light of the UK floods, this 3-minute Q&A with OECD Environmental Economist Kathleen Dominique discusses how governments should be preparing for climate change-related weather events.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 12:03:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

Environment at a Glance 2013: OECD Indicators

This book offers a comprehensive snapshot of key environmental trends in OECD member countries since the early 1990s. Environment at a Glance 2013 contains comparative data and charts on everything from car ownership to fish captures that should be a useful reference tool as governments try to steer their economies in an environmentally sustainable direction, and to realise the associated economic opportunities.

Fri, 20 Dec 2013 15:26:00 GMT

OECD biotechnology newsletter updates

OECD major events and activities relating to biotechnologies: latest developments are updated biannually in this Newsletter.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 12:51:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Insights Blog: OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

Issues related to water and sanitation are a priority for the OECD. A number of people working at the OECD are also involved through our War on Hunger Group. For example, last year the Group funded a project in Mozambique to reduce diarrhoea by at least 25% in children under the age of five by training in hygiene and changing current practices.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

This year the United Nations has officially declared 19 November World Toilet Day to raise awareness of the sanitation crisis faced by millions every day. Similarly, the OECD places great importance on the issue of water and sanitation. It has undertaken significant work on the issue to help promote global awareness, encourage action and propose viable solutions.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 14:57:00 GMT

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Warsaw (COP 19)

The OECD organised a number of events focused on key aspects of the negotiations: side events on tracking private climate finance, establishing and understanding post-2020 mitigation commitments, and credible policies to achieve climate targets and mobilise private finance. The OECD also convened a High Level Breakfast addressing the issues around long-term investment and green infrastructure.

Mon, 11 Nov 2013 11:40:00 GMT

OECD Programme on Water Governance

The 'water crisis' is largely a governance crisis. There is enough water on Earth for all, even in areas where temporary shortages may exist. Managing water for all is not only a question of hydrology and money, but equally a matter of good governance.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International Conference on Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities, Tel Aviv

The Government of Israel and the OECD co-organised an international conference on "Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities: Policy, Economics, Environment, Regulation and Technologies" on 23 October 2013, in Tel Aviv.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:06:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Reducing fossil fuel emissions isn’t enough, OECD Insights Blog

We must aim for their complete elimination by the second half of the century and need to come to grips with the risk of climate change. While many countries have announced ambitious targets to reduce fossil fuel emissions by 2020, and even mid-century, further efforts are needed.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:25:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - September 2013

This event held on 18-19 September 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Wed, 18 Sep 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Environment Action Programme Task Force: 2013 annual meeting

The meeting took place on 17-18 September 2013 in Tbilisi, Georgia and marked the 20th anniversary of the OECD environment-related co-operation with countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 09:29:00 GMT

Addressing Competitiveness and Carbon Leakage Impacts Arising from Multiple Carbon Markets: A modelling Assessment - Environment Working Paper No. 58

Competitiveness and carbon leakage issues have been some of the main concerns in the implementation and discussions of climate policies. This paper examines the macroeconomic and sectoral competitiveness and carbon leakage impacts associated with a range of stylised mitigation policy scenarios.

Wed, 11 Sep 2013 12:32:00 GMT

National policy dialogue (NPD) in Turkmenistan

NPD in Turkmenistan

Mon, 09 Sep 2013 10:24:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

Responding to key well-being challenges in Austria

Important challenges for the future of Austrian well-being arise from demographic and environmental trends. The ageing of the population calls for a fair balance between life-time pension contributions and entitlements, drawing on the recent pension reform.

Mon, 05 Aug 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Better Plays for Better Lives: A Midsummer Night’s Dream, OECD Insights Blog

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050: Consequences of Inaction warns that by 2050, under a worst-case scenario, we could see a 10% biodiversity loss; 2.3 billion more people living in water-stressed areas; and a 50% increase in GHG emissions, primarily caused by a 70% growth in CO2 emissions from energy use.

Thu, 25 Jul 2013 11:34:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Renewable Energy: Why the Definition Needs to be Revised (ProgBlog)

Climate change mitigation and sustainability are the key rationales for increasing the share of renewable energy. Yet definitions of renewable energy used by policy-makers are so broad that subsidy regimes and other policies to promote renewable energy are able to result in highly negative climate, environmental and human impacts.

Mon, 24 Jun 2013 15:51:00 GMT

Avoiding death by diesel, blog post by Simon Upton

"It is estimated that air pollution from diesel-fuelled road transport kills 10 times more people each year in France than those who die in road accidents": OECD Insights Blog's post by Simon Upton, head of the OECD Environment Directorate, founder and Chair of the Round Table on Sustainable Development, and former New Zealand environment minister.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 15:37:00 GMT

Climate Change eXplorer: a new way of visualising climate-related data.

This new data visualisation tool brings over 40 different climate-related data sets to life by using animated plots for the period 1990-2010.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 19:55:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Why biodiversity matters

As we celebrate International Biodiversity Day, the outlook is not very encouraging. Around 12% of birds, 25% of mammals, and at least 32% of amphibians are threatened with extinction over the next century. Humans may have increased the rate of global extinctions by up to 1000 times the “natural” rate typical of Earth’s long-term history.

Wed, 22 May 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

"Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood” (EaP GREEN): Steering committee meeting

The first meeting of the EaP GREEN Steering Committee was held on 26 April 2013 in Berlin to discuss with representatives of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries the overall priorities of the programme, specific activities to be carried out in 2013, and the means of programme implementation.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Программа «EaP GREEN»: Первое заседание Координационного комитета

Первое заседание Координационного комитета программы «EaP GREEN» состоялось 26 апреля 2013 г. в Берлине. Заседание имело своей главной обсудить с представителями шести стран Восточного партнерства (Азербайджан, Армения, Беларусь, Грузия, Молдова и Украина) общие приоритеты программы, конкретные мероприятия, запланированные на 2013 г., и механизмы ее реализации.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

World Water Day: Big problems but there are solutions

This week, around 30,000 children under the age of five will die from water-related diseases, one every 20 seconds.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

This event held on 19-20 March 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 10:53:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Environmental Innovation in Germany - Environment Working Paper No. 53

This paper reviews the recent experience of Germany in encouraging innovation to reduce negative environmental impacts of economic activity. The essence of the German approach to policy-induced environmental innovation is discussed in the context of changing policy objectives, and illustrated with selected examples from waste management, renewable energy and transportation.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 14:44:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

UN Climate Change Conference in Doha (COP 18)

OECD involvement is focussing on climate finance and investment to support low-carbon and climate-resilient growth; design and governance of carbon market mechanisms and the role of institutional investors in mobilising long-term green infrastructure investment.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Mobilising Investment in Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 46

This paper addresses several broad issues for governments aiming to encourage private sector investment in low-carbon climate resilient (LCR) infrastructure, in both developed and developing world contexts.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 17:07:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards green investment policy framework: The Case of Low-Carbon, Climate-Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 48

This report advances a “green investment policy framework” taking infrastructure investment as a starting point and looking only at climate change mitigation and adaptation. It highlights the significant opportunities and many challenges that exist today in both developed and developing countries to transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient (LCR) development through investment in both renovated and in new infrastructure.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 13:18:00 GMT

Global Forum on Biotechnology: The Evolving Promise of the Life Sciences

The OECD and the ESRC Genomics Policy & Research Forum jointly organised a one-day Forum on 12 November 2012 in Paris. The event was both retrospective and forward-looking. The forum concluded that the promise of biotechnology is not set but evolves with fresh scientific knowledge, novel laws and regulations. The future of biotechnology needs to also integrate social and cultural dimensions.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Is there life on Mars?

Is there life on Mars? -article by Julia Laplane, OECD

Fri, 26 Oct 2012 17:49:00 GMT

COP11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity

The eleventh meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity was held in Hyderabad, India (COP11, from 8 to 19 October 2012).

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 14:16:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

Organised jointly by the OECD and the IEA, this seminar held on 26-27 September 2012 aimed to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of countries on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. This seminar was an informal meeting outside of the UNFCCC negotiations and discussions are non-attributed.

Wed, 26 Sep 2012 14:13:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

A Framework for Financing Water Resources Management

This report provides a framework for policy discussions around financing water resources management that are taking place at local, basin, national, or transboundary levels.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:31:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Is this as good as it gets?

The latest OECD Environmental Outlook is equally alarmist about “the consequences of inaction”, to quote the book’s subtitle. Terrestrial biodiversity is projected to decrease by a further 10% by 2050.

Mon, 03 Sep 2012 17:04:00 GMT

World water week 2012 - Insights Blog: Water stewardship: Does the OECD practice what it preaches?

World water week provides a unique forum for the exchange of views, experiences and practices between the scientific, business, policy and civic communities.

Tue, 28 Aug 2012 15:32:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Durban Climate Change Conference

The UN Conference (28 November-9 December 2011) involved OECD experts to focus on green growth and climate change, adaptation and mitigation, carbon accounting, improving transparency (“MRV”), climate finance and technology.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a green economy: How Spain's energy sector can help combat climate change

Our economies need a change of engine. The age of carbon is over. Renewable energies are the only future viable source if we want to protect life. Spain must be at the forefront of this transformation, turning the environment and green growth into its new engine of development.

Wed, 04 May 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Environment [oecd.org]

Rio+20: A voice from Sheffield, UK

Ruby Smith, 21, is a support planning co-ordinator for Sheffield Council, in Sheffield, UKRio+20 is a unique and historic opportunity for world leaders to prioritise development and plan a better world for future generations.I would like to ask delegates to remember the importance of putting...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20: A voice from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Seida Saric is country director for Women for Women International in Bosnia and HerzegovinaFoundations of any development rest on active and equal participation of both men and women in social, political and economic spheres of life. Women play a much more active role which, in turn, does not have...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Cities and Resilience

This policy brief highlights the key issues discussed at the Cities and Resilience Dialogue held in Bangkok, Thailand, in September 2009. The event assessed ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

The doughnut can help Rio+20 see sustainable development in the round | Kate Raworth

Resource use has both an environmental ceiling and a social foundation, below which lies deprivation, but the doughnut-shaped space between the two demands our attentionIn 2009, Johan Rockström of the Stockholm Resilience Centre brought together some of the world's leading Earth-system scientists...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20 Earth summit: walkout at 'green economy' talks

Negotiators from developing countries insist wealthy nations must help fund their move to sustainable developmentEurope's financial crisis should not be used as an excuse for inaction and underfunding of moves towards a more sustainable global economy, a senior Brazilian diplomat warned at the...

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

U.S. proposes tighter rules on soot pollution

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Obama administration proposed stricter standards to control harmful soot from heavy industry on Friday, a move expected to save lives but which drew criticism from Republicans and industry worried the costs of compliance will hurt the economy.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Analysis: CO2 market has failed to promote cleaner energy

LONDON (Reuters) - Europe's emissions trading scheme has failed to create incentives for utilities to use cleaner energy fuels, meaning that governments will have to switch to simpler tools, such as subsidies and regulation, to enforce emissions reduction targets.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Australia cuts number of firms to pay carbon tax

CANBERRA (Reuters) - Australia will levy a controversial carbon tax on about half the number of companies originally expected, a government list released on Friday shows, which may limit the economic and political impact of the tax which starts on July 1.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Cities Bet They Can Curb Traffic With Games of Chance

To tackle congestion, clogged urban centers are testing the lure of prizes to persuade motorists to change their driving habits.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Can Rio+20 Create a Climate of Change for Poor Communities?

[AlertNet]Climate change is often described in numbers - degrees of temperature rise, metric tonnes of carbon emissions. These numbers add up to devastating consequences: erratic rainfall, crop failure, hunger. But climate change also has a human face.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Seizing the Opportunity for a Sustainable Future

[AlertNet]The 1992 Earth Summit was a bright moment for the environmental movement. For the first time, presidents and prime ministers - more than 100 in all - were "coming together to save the earth," as a headline on the cover of Time magazine put it.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Display Next Earthwire Climate [earthwire.org]

World Business

UK anger at £1.7bn EU cash demand

UK politicians react angrily to demands for an extra £1.7bn (2.1bn euros) contribution towards the European Union's budget due to the country's better economic performance.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 10:06:37 GMT

Banana splits as Chiquita chops deal

Shareholders in US banana distributor Chiquita vote against a merger deal with Irish rival Fyffes in favour of a higher offer.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 21:09:29 GMT

Ukraine-Russia 'consensus' over gas

Ukraine and Russia find "consensus" on a deal to end their gas dispute, according to the boss of Ukraine's state gas firm.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 18:29:26 GMT

Dolce & Gabbana cleared in tax case

Domenico Dolce and Stefano Gabbana, founders of the Dolce & Gabbana fashion house, are cleared by an Italian court of tax evasion.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 17:06:58 GMT

GDP rises by 0.7% in third quarter

The economy expanded at a slower pace in in the three months to 30 September following a 0.9% rise in the second quarter, the ONS said.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 11:22:26 GMT

Hailo says Uber blocked investors

After pulling out of the US, taxi app Hailo complains that rival Uber is blocking potential investors from offering funding.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 17:41:35 GMT

Ford profits fall on new truck costs

Ford reports a sharp fall in profits, largely due to the cost of developing its new F-150 pickup truck.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 14:10:05 GMT

Microsoft profits fall on Nokia deal

Microsoft reports a fall in profits as a result of the cost of job cuts and its purchase of Nokia's smartphone business earlier this year but rising revenue cheers investors.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 21:53:37 GMT

Qantas back on track to profit

Australia's troubled national carrier Qantas says it is on course to deliver its first pre-tax profits this year in the three months to September.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 04:28:57 GMT

China's property prices decline

China's property prices fall 1.3% in September, marking the first year-on-year fall in the sector.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 06:26:37 GMT

Asian shares mixed on firm earnings

Asian shares were mixed on Friday after US markets closed higher on strong company results that boosted investor sentiment.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 08:39:03 GMT

Tesco shares slump on profits error

Tesco shares close 6.5% down after the retailer announced that profits were overstated by £263m, £13m more than the original estimate.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 17:11:44 GMT

Amazon reports increased losses

Amazon shares plunge over 10% after the company reports a third-quarter loss of $437m (£273m), bigger than many analysts expected.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 20:40:43 GMT

Job centres to get digital makeover

Computer workstations, electronic signature pads and free wi-fi are rolling out across UK job centres.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 23:12:33 GMT

Brazilian firms up bid for Chiquita

Brazil's Cutrale and Safra groups up their bid for banana giant Chiquita after their initial offer was rejected earlier this month.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 17:29:59 GMT

Japan court backs pregnant woman

Japan's Supreme Court backs a woman who unsuccessfully sued her employer following a demotion due to her pregnancy.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 11:59:21 GMT

VIDEO: Future-gazing at TechCrunch London

As the annual TechCrunch event for tech start ups comes to London for the first time, David Grossman goes to investigate.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 12:41:54 GMT

VIDEO: Bringing internet to India's poorest

More than a billion Indians don't use the internet - and addressing that was the focus of a summit in Delhi where Facebook's Mark Zuckerberg was the star attraction.

Mon, 20 Oct 2014 17:37:45 GMT

AUDIO: Whither the global economy?

US shares crept lower on Thursday, tracking big losses on European and Asian stock markets

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 12:27:53 GMT

VIDEO: Inside Huawei's anechoic chamber

The BBC's Linda Yueh has a look inside Chinese technology giant Huawei's anechoic chamber, during a tour of their headquarters.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 16:40:34 GMT

VIDEO: Will robots replace humans?

In Singapore, both government research agencies and businesses are looking at new ways to use robots for wider commercial purposes.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 01:54:12 GMT

VIDEO: Can Google Glass be addictive?

Scientists say they have treated a man for internet addiction disorder, allegedly brought on by over use of Google Glass - Rory Cellan-Jones gives his reaction.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 12:28:01 GMT

VIDEO: The world's fastest ambulance?

The world's fastest ambulance has been revealed at the Gitex technology show in Dubai.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 23:05:03 GMT

VIDEO: Designed In China: The facts

Animated graphic illustrating the advances China is making from a manufacturer to a designer of goods and products

Fri, 10 Oct 2014 09:54:23 GMT

Boeing raises annual profit forecast

Aerospace giant Boeing has raised its forecast for profits this year and says it has a record backlog of orders.

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 13:51:42 GMT

Microsoft smartphones to drop Nokia

Microsoft is ditching the Nokia brand name from new smartphones, less than a year after acquiring the Finnish firm's mobile devices unit.

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 12:44:18 GMT

McDonald's and Coke see profits fall

McDonald's and Coca Cola post profits down sharply in the three months to the end of September, with both seeing sales under pressure in the US.

Tue, 21 Oct 2014 14:21:31 GMT

Glaxo shares up as profits beat hopes

GlaxoSmithKline's shares rose 4% after its third quarter results beat expectations and it pledged to return an additional £4bn to shareholders via a special share scheme.

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 12:21:06 GMT

Total names new heads after boss dies

Oil giant Total appoints a new chief executive and new chairman to replace Christophe de Margerie who died in a plane crash in Moscow on Monday.

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 11:51:58 GMT

Total plane crash driver 'got lost'

A snowplough driver at a Moscow airport says he lost his bearings before a collision with a plane that killed Total oil boss Christophe de Margerie.

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 11:57:12 GMT

South Africa growth forecast slashed

South Africa's new finance minister cuts the country's economic growth forecast from 2.7% to 1.4%.

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 15:15:52 GMT

Iranian investment scene 'improving'

As hundreds of investors and business people meet at The 1st Europe-Iran Forum in London there is a mood of cautious optimism.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 16:33:03 GMT

Oil prices slide on IEA report

Global oil prices fall further after the International Energy Agency reports higher output and cuts its forecast for growth in demand.

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 14:56:26 GMT

Japan's exports jump in September

Japan's trade deficit edges higher in September despite exports growing at their fastest pace in seven months.

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 09:06:24 GMT

China growth slows to five-year low

China's economy grows at its slowest pace since the global financial crisis, causing speculation the government may introduce more stimulus measures.

Tue, 21 Oct 2014 04:20:21 GMT

Australia's Medibank plans share sale

Australia's government hopes to raise as much as $5.5bn Australian dollars ($4.8bn; £3bn) by selling shares in health insurer Medibank Private.

Mon, 20 Oct 2014 07:21:24 GMT

'Hold Qatar World Cup in May'

Europe's biggest football clubs consider asking Fifa to hold the 2022 World Cup in May to avoid the intense summer heat.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 14:15:58 GMT

Caterham could miss United States GP

Bosses of the Caterham F1 admit they will struggle to race in the USA next weekend if they cannot resolve a dispute with administrators.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 16:52:07 GMT

World Cup ticket sales near 1m

A total of 950,000 tickets were sold for the 2015 Rugby World Cup during September, organisers say.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 09:49:04 GMT

Connecting India's offline millions

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg wants to connect the world to his social network through Internet.org - and he now has India in his sights.

Mon, 20 Oct 2014 23:05:17 GMT

The world's fastest ambulance

The world's fastest ambulance, the world's speediest border, a fully functional mobile courtroom - the UAE's smart government technology on show at Gitex.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 23:05:17 GMT

When does an app need regulating?

Healthcare apps and consumer devices seem to be springing up everywhere. But are they all properly regulated? And should you care?

Mon, 13 Oct 2014 22:57:39 GMT

The king of discount voucher codes

How Mark Pearson, the boss of discount offers website My Voucher Codes, set up the business and became a self-made multi-millionaire.

Sun, 19 Oct 2014 23:26:34 GMT

The Chinese tycoon who loves animals

Huang Nubo, the founder of property and leisure giant Beijing Zhongkun Investment Group, explains his unique approach to business.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 19:19:15 GMT

Boom times for Ethiopia's coffee shops

As Ethiopia's economy continues to expand, business is growing strongly for coffee shops in the capital Addis Ababa.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 23:08:26 GMT

US airbag recall expands to 7.8m cars

US car safety regulators expand a recall of vehicles with potentially dangerous Takata airbags to 7.8 million, warning that owners should take 'immediate action'.

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:44:19 GMT

Peugeot sales and revenues rise

PSA Peugeot Citroen's turnaround plan appears to be making progress, with the troubled French carmaker announcing better sales and revenues.

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 10:18:57 GMT

Audi claims self-drive speed record

Audi says one of its self-drive test cars topped 149mph (240km/h) at a race track in Germany, beating a human-driven version.

Tue, 21 Oct 2014 12:29:19 GMT

Froth gone from UK recovery

The UK recovery has past its peak

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 10:49:29 GMT

Rule of law v rule of Party

China wants to overhaul its massive legal system

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 09:55:15 GMT

Elections highlight economic divisions in Brazil

Brazil's election highlights huge economic disparities

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 21:25:44 GMT

China's billionaires' club

A peek inside the richest club in China

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 19:00:09 GMT

Silicon Valley's billion dollar failures

Silicon valley's billion dollar start-up failures

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 23:04:53 GMT

The Brazilian walk-in siesta centres

Renting a cubicle for a power nap

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 23:09:10 GMT

How to manage a fast-growing firm

The risks facing firms that grow too fast

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 19:11:51 GMT

India's love affair with gold set to deepen

Why India's love affair with gold is deepening

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 19:11:25 GMT

Tesco's next move: Expert views

How can the supermarket turn its fortunes around?

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 23:12:28 GMT

Debt campaigners tear up student loans

The people who buy and then cancel student debt

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 11:13:14 GMT

Can data predict the perfect entrepreneur?

Why being over 40 makes you the perfect entrepreneur

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 11:37:24 GMT

Supermarket supplies: The hidden world

The story behind the promotions at the end of the aisle

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 11:48:00 GMT

Display Next World Business from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

Sharjah's environment sector to grow 15 percent by 2016

(MENAFN) According to a study by the Sharjah Investment and Development Authority (Shurooq), Sharjah's environment sector, which reached USD212.31 million this year, is expected to...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 05:17:33 GMT

Dubai's inflation hits record-high in September

(MENAFN) According to Dubai Statistics Centre, Dubai's inflation rate in September registered it highest level since May 2009, due to an increase in the costs of housing and utilit...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 04:52:46 GMT

IKEA to open a distribution center in Dubai's DWC

(MENAFN) IKEA, the Swedish furniture company, announced it is planning to set up its largest distribution center in the Middle East at the Dubai World Central's (DWC) logistics dis...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 04:34:01 GMT

Kuwait's Agility's revenue to rebound in 2015

(MENAFN) Agility, the Kuwaiti logistics company, said it expects that revenue will resume growing next year due to the expansion of business in the emerging markets as well as the ...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 04:21:39 GMT

USA PRG to acquire Dubai's Gearhouse

(MENAFN) New York-based Production Resource Group (PRG), the world's leading supplier of entertainment and event technology, announced it is acquiring Dubai-based Gearhouse, the la...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 04:19:51 GMT

Qatari MPHC net profit hits USD384.15m in 9M

(MENAFN) Mesaieed Petrochemical Holding Company (MPHC), a subsidiary group of Qatar Petroleum, recorded a net profit of USD384.15 million for the January-September period of this y...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 04:18:58 GMT

Kuwait- Al-Awadhi presents credentials as Kuwait's non-resident Amb. to Antigua, Barbuda

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Kuwait's Ambassador to Cuba Bader Al-Awadhi presented his credentials as the non-resident ambassador to the Caribbean island nation of Antigua ...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 04:03:56 GMT

Kuwait- His Highness Amir, Ban discuss political issues, regional developments

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) His Highness the Amir Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah received a phone call from UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon Tuesday, and exchange...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 04:03:21 GMT

Iran has always backed Iraqi people, army against terrorism - Rohani

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Iranian President Hassan Rohani said Tuesday Iran has been supporting the Iraqi people and army in their fight against terrorist groups.Iran ha...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 04:00:31 GMT

Abraaj to close major stake acquisition of Kudo soon

(MENAFN) Abraaj Group, the private equity firm, said it is hoping to close the deal alongside its partner TPG Capital, which will entitle them to buy a majority stake in Kudu, the ...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 04:00:31 GMT

Egypt denies military involvement in Libya

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Egyptian President Abdelfatah Al-Sisi Tuesday denied reports that Egypt was involved in military attacks inside the Libyan territories, affirmi...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 03:20:35 GMT

Qatar- Summary of Local News Released Tuesday - 3-

(MENAFN - QNA) - World Innovation Summit for Health (WISH) has appointed chairperson for the WISH Dementia Forum that will mull current challenges, innovation in care-giving, finan...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 03:13:41 GMT

Time hasn't come to allow Peshmerga enter Kobane from Turkey - FM

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Turkey said Tuesday time has not yet come to allow Iraqi Kurdistan region's Peshmerga forces to enter the Syrian Ain Al-Arab (Kobane) town thro...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 03:04:21 GMT

Kuwait keen on further cementing ties with Egypt - diplomat

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Kuwait is keen on further cementing cooperation with Egypt in all domains, a diplomat said Tuesday after the opening of Kuwait-Egypt exhibition...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 03:01:54 GMT

Russia on track for World Cup 2018: FIFA

(MENAFN - Arab News) MOSCOW: FIFA has said it is happy with the progress being made by hosts Russia ahead of the 2018 World Cup after the governing body's inspection committee carr...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 03:01:01 GMT

Blind spares United the blushes with late strike

(MENAFN - Arab News) LONDON: Daley Blind's late second half strike helped a lackluster Manchester United salvage a 2-2 draw against West Bromwich Albion at The Hawthorns in the Pre...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 03:00:20 GMT

Pakistan Taleban sack spokesman for IS vow

(MENAFN - Arab News) ISLAMABAD: The Pakistani Taleban have sacked the movement's influential spokesman according to a statement received by Reuters on Tuesday in a sign of growing ...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:59:02 GMT

Sri Lankan snap polls cast doubt on Pope's visit

(MENAFN - Arab News) COLOMBO: The Catholic Church in Sri Lanka on Tuesday asked the government to clarify its plans for a snap presidential polls amid fears the polls will scupper ...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:58:33 GMT

Nigerian elders question Boko Haram truce deal

(MENAFN - Arab News) KANO: Nigeria's government may have negotiated a supposed cease-fire with only one faction of Boko Haram an influential regional group has said as violence con...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:58:01 GMT

South Sudan sexual violence 'rampant': UN

(MENAFN - Arab News) NEW YORK: Rape and other forms of sexual violence by all sides in South Sudan's civil war have become so widespread that a two-year-old child was among the vic...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:57:33 GMT

Canada police say they were tracking man who killed a soldier

(MENAFN - Arab News) SAINT-JEAN-SUR-RICHELIEU Quebec: A Canadian man who rammed two soldiers in Quebec with his car killing one of them converted to Islam last year and was among 9...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:57:28 GMT

UAE- Damac and Paramount to expand

(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) Damac Properties has signed an exclusive deal with Paramount Hotels & Resorts to expand its branded hotels and serviced living concepts to new cities aroun...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:57:17 GMT

Dubai's Aramex aiming for two acquisitions in 2015

(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) "We are going to grow through acquisitions, we are going to acquire next year and will be more aggressive," Fadi Ghandour told reporters on the sidelines o...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:56:29 GMT

Libya's government says forces will retake capital

(MENAFN - Arab News) TRIPOLI Libya: Libya's internationally recognized government says its forces are getting ready to retake the capital after Islamist-allied militias from the we...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:55:45 GMT

Bashir to run for re-election

(MENAFN - Arab News) KHARTOUM: Sudanese President Omar Bashir in power since a 1989 coup will stand for re-election in 2015 after being retained Tuesday as leader of the ruling N...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:55:43 GMT

Sydney teen resurfaces in Islamic State video

(MENAFN - Arab News) SYDNEY: A teenager who ran away from Australia to join militants in Iraq and Syria has reappeared months later in a video of the Islamic State group vowing to ...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:55:41 GMT

IS wins ground from Assad govt in east

(MENAFN - Arab News) BEIRUT: Islamic State won territory from Syrian government forces in the eastern city of Deir Ezzor on Tuesday its first gain there in about two months a group...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:55:39 GMT

Egypt tightens campuses' security over new unrest fears

(MENAFN - Arab News) CAIRO: As the new academic term began in Egypt riot police were standing guard at Cairo's universities to quash any repeat of protests that turned campuses nat...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:55:27 GMT

London hotel thief guilty of hammer attack on UAE sisters

(MENAFN - Arab News) LONDON: A thief who crept into a London hotel room and brutally attacked three sisters from the UAE with a claw hammer was found guilty of attempted murder on ...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:55:22 GMT

Saudi's Sipchem net profit down 13.3 percent in Q3

(MENAFN) Saudi International Petrochemical Co. (Sipchem) registered a decline in its net profit by 13.3 percent in the July-September period of this year due to plant shutdowns, Ar...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:52:59 GMT

Oman Oil to buy US Occidental Corp. assets in Oman

(MENAFN) Oman Oil Co. is said it is currently in discussions with Occidental Petroleum Corp. to buy its assets in the country but that they are still negotiating the specifics of t...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:52:08 GMT

Saudi oil exports at 3-year low

(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) Saudi crude exports have been sliding in the past few months as shale oil squeezes Saudi oil out of US markets and as demand in Asia, particularly in China...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:31:41 GMT

UAE- Etihad Airways and Alitalia unveil Expo Milano 2015 aircraft

(MENAFN - Khaleej Times) Etihad Airways, the national airline of the UAE, and Alitalia, Italy's leading carrier, and have unveiled two aircraft in a unique Expo Milano 2015 livery ...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 02:29:18 GMT

Young Omani sailors return with experience

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Marwan al Jabri finished 24th having moved up five places in the last few races Zakariya al Wahaibi was 28th and Salim al Alawi came 39th in the individual ...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 01:48:29 GMT

Scotland surges into contention with four-shot lead

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Zane Scotland returned to familiar territory on the MENA Golf Tour surging into title contention with a sizzling birdie burst on the back nine at the Ghala ...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 01:48:19 GMT

Edfors gears up for NBO Classic with win in China

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Sweden's Johan Edfors geared up for the forthcoming US$330000 NBO Golf Classic with a title win at the Shankai Classic in Chongqing in China last week to en...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 01:48:10 GMT

Ahmad returns to GT3 Cup Challenge Middle East

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Omani racing star Ahmad al Harthy confirmed on Tuesday that he is all geared up to return to the Porsche GT3 Cup Challenge Middle East for the upcoming 2014...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 01:48:00 GMT

Bank Nizwa highlights its products and services at National Dates Festival

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Bank Nizwa Oman's first islamic bank recently participated in the second National Dates Festival held in Nizwa. As a sponsor of the event the bank connected...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 01:47:39 GMT

Bank Sohar conducts RO50,000 monthly draw at Ibri fort

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Emphasising that saving is rewarding with the Al Mumayaz Saving Scheme 2014 Bank Sohar recently conducted its prestigious monthly draw for the month of Sept...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 01:47:29 GMT

The Zubair Corporation staff visit paediatric ward at Rustaq Hospital

(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) In one of its various initiatives within the corporations social responsibility programme staff from The Zubair Corporation recently visited inpatient child...

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 01:47:15 GMT

Display Next MENAFN Regional Business [menafn.com]

Statement of the OECD Working Group on Bribery on France’s implementation of the Anti-Bribery Convention

After a comprehensive review in October 2012, the OECD Working Group on Bribery asked France, through a series of concrete recommendations, to intensify its actions to fight the bribery of foreign public officials and undertake important reforms.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 15:57:00 GMT

Despite progress made and improved legal framework, OECD seriously concerned about Turkey’s level of detection and investigation of foreign bribery

Turkey is a significant and geopolitically critical economy. Its companies, like those from many other countries, operate in corruption-prone sectors and countries. In spite of this, only 10 allegations have come to the attention of Turkish authorities since foreign bribery became an offence in Turkey in 2003.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Switzerland should encourage older people to work longer, says OECD

Switzerland should do more to help older people, especially women, work longer in order to meet the challenge of a rapidly ageing population, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Seventh Meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes,28-29 October, in Berlin, Germany

Boosting international cooperation in tax matters will be at the top of the agenda of the 7th meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, to be held in Berlin, Germany on 28-29 October.

Tue, 21 Oct 2014 11:44:00 GMT

Understanding National Accounts – latest edition now out

The OECD has updated its key textbook explaining how economic activity is monitored and measured.

Mon, 20 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of five international economic organisations at the OECD on Friday 17th October to discuss the challenges facing the global economy.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:35:00 GMT

The OECD encourages the French government to pursue the ongoing structural reforms to boost growth

Full implementation of the structural reforms adopted and announced in France would boost potential annual economic growth by one third, or 0.4 percentage points per year over ten years, according to the OECD.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:06:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes passage of Latvian law on governance of state-owned enterprises

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed the passage into law of Latvia's “Public Persons Enterprises and Capital Shares Governance Law”.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 15:40:00 GMT

Korea: Promote inclusive growth through greater employer involvement in the employment and skills system, says OECD

Korea has made significant progress towards decentralising the management of employment and training programmes, but can still do more to create stronger links with employers at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD 검토 보고서, 고용주의 고용•직업훈련 시스템 참여 확대를 통한 포용적 성장을 한국 정부에 권고하다.

2014년 10월 15일 –한국 정부는 고용•직업훈련 프로그램을 지역 관리 방식으로 전환하는데 상당한 진전을 이루었지만 지역 차원에서 고용주와 프로그램의 연계성 강화를 위해 더 많은 노력을 경주할 필요가 있다고 새로 발표된 OECD 보고서는 권고했다.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, second quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate stable at 65.6% in second quarter of 2014

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 09:49:00 GMT

Monaco deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today the Principality of Monaco’s commitment to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 84th jurisdiction participating in the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Mon, 13 Oct 2014 15:02:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates Italy on new Jobs Act bill

The OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurria, congratulates Prime Minister Renzi on the passing by the Italian Senate of a bill enabling the government to elaborate a comprehensive reform of the labour market – the so-called Jobs Act.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 14:17:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: October 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.3% in August 2014

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, October 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in the Euro area and to stable growth in most other major economies

Wed, 08 Oct 2014 13:15:00 GMT

OECD bolsters relationship with Ukraine

The 34-member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development welcomed a Memorandum of Understanding between the OECD and Ukraine which will help Ukraine’s efforts to tackle corruption, strengthen its tax system and promote competitiveness.

Tue, 07 Oct 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Poorer regions struggling to catch up in advanced economies, says OECD

Living standards continue to diverge within many economically advanced countries as poorer regions struggle to catch up with richer ones. Half of the 34 OECD countries have seen the income gap between their best-off and worst-off regions widen since the 2008 crisis, according to new OECD research.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 15:00:00 GMT

How Was Life? shows long-term progress in key areas of well-being

People’s well-being has generally progressed since the early 20th century across a large part of the world, according to new research published by a consortium of economic historians (CLIO-INFRA) and produced in collaboration with the OECD and OECD Development Centre.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 30 September 2014

OECD annual inflation eases slightly to 1.8% in August 2014

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Scotland’s vote to remain part of the UK

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the result of yesterday’s referendum in Scotland.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 16:16:00 GMT

OECD and National Bureau of Economic Research Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run. 25-26 September, Paris.

Increasing productivity is critical to achieving strong, sustainable and inclusive growth and well-being. Technological change and innovation are the key drivers of increased productivity, along with better skills and organisational change.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 11:13:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría to discuss the Economic Case for Climate Action during UN Climate Summit

As part of the Climate Summit 2014 hosted by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on 23 September in New York, the United Nations University (UNU) is hosting a thematic session on “The Economic Case for Climate Action” with global leaders and world renowned experts from China, India, Mexico, and the United States.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

OECD releases first BEPS recommendations to G20 for international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinationals

The OECD released today its first recommendations for a co-ordinated international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinational enterprises, under the OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project designed to create a single set of international tax rules to end the erosion of tax bases and the artificial shifting of profits to jurisdictions to avoid paying tax.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Governments must tackle regional variations in health care use, says OECD

Health care use varies widely across countries but can also vary as much or more within countries. Governments should do more to improve their health systems to prevent unnecessary interventions and ensure that everyone has the same access to quality healthcare, wherever they live, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:55:00 GMT

Global growth continuing at a moderate pace, OECD says

A moderate expansion is underway in most major advanced and emerging economies, but growth remains weak in the euro area, which runs the risk of prolonged stagnation if further steps are not taken to boost demand, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Second quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.8% in second quarter of 2014

Thu, 11 Sep 2014 09:45:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Educational mobility starts to slow in industrialised world, says OECD

Access to education continues to expand worldwide but the socio-economic divisions between tertiary-educated adults and the rest of society are growing. Governments must do more to ensure that everyone has the same opportunity to a good education early in life, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 faces persistent gaps in employment and job quality

A large and persistent shortfall in the number and quality of the jobs being created in G20 countries is affecting prospects for re-igniting economic growth, according to a report prepared by the ILO, the OECD and the World Bank Group for the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting taking place in Melbourne this week.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 10:39:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: September 2014

OECD unemployment rate nudges up to 7.4% in July 2014

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 09:05:00 GMT

Spain is on the road to recovery, but challenges remain to ensure sustainable, inclusive growth, says OECD

Spain is emerging from a protracted recession, marked by a return to moderate growth and rising international competitiveness. Decisive banking and fiscal reforms, coupled with supportive monetary policy from the European Central Bank, have reduced financial tensions and improved public finance.

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 17:16:00 GMT

OECD Interim Economic Assessment launches Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m.

OECD Deputy Secretary-General and Acting Chief Economist Rintaro Tamaki will present the near-term prospects for the global economy on Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m. (CET).

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, September 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in most major economies

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 08:44:00 GMT

OECD appoints Catherine L. Mann as new Chief Economist

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría is pleased to announce the appointment of Ms. Catherine L. Mann as the new OECD Chief Economist. Her appointment will reinforce the OECD’s commitment to identifying and promoting better policies for better lives around the world.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:17:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

More action needed to move away from market-distorting farm support, says OECD

Government support for agriculture in OECD countries remained on a downward trend in 2013, yet much of this support is still in a form that distorts markets, according to the OECD’s latest agricultural policy monitoring report.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Jobs recovery to remain weak in 2015, says OECD

Unemployment will remain well above its pre-crisis levels next year in most OECD countries, despite modest declines over the rest of 2014 and in 2015, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 03 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Spain launches Monday 8 September 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain, to be published on Monday 8 September 2014, assesses the country’s return to moderate growth and more sustainable public finances after the protracted recession.

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 17:47:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 September 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.9% in July 2014

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Second Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.4% in the second quarter of 2014 but with mixed patterns across countries

Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:43:00 GMT

OECD and China expand cooperation in PISA education programme

The OECD and China have announced that they will expand their cooperation in PISA, following the successful implementation of PISA 2009 and 2012 in Shanghai.

Mon, 25 Aug 2014 10:10:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, August 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Mon, 11 Aug 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Global Forum releases new compliance ratings on tax transparency for 10 jurisdictions

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes published today 13 new peer review reports demonstrating progress toward implementation of the international standard for exchange of information on request. The Global Forum also issued compliance ratings for 10 jurisdictions.

Mon, 04 Aug 2014 10:22:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 29 July 2014

OECD annual inflation stable at 2.1% in June 2014

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

OECD appoints Mari Kiviniemi and Stefan Kapferer as Deputy Secretaries-General

Mari Kiviniemi, Finland’s former Prime Minister, and Stefan Kapferer, currently State Secretary at Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, have been appointed Deputy Secretaries-General of the OECD.

Fri, 25 Jul 2014 16:25:00 GMT

La OCDE da a conocer la versión completa del estándar global para el intercambio automático de información

Dando un paso importante hacia una mayor transparencia y poniendo fin al secreto bancario en materia fiscal, la OCDE dio a conocer hoy la versión completa de un nuevo estándar global para el intercambio de información entre jurisdicciones

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD releases full version of global standard for automatic exchange of information

Taking an important step towards greater transparency and putting an end to banking secrecy in tax matters, the OECD today released the full version of a new global standard for the exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Japan’s aid guided by clear vision and priorities but should focus on countries and people most in need

Japan has increased its spending on overseas development assistance (ODA) and is showing more global leadership, but needs to pay more attention to where it is spending the money and increase its focus on results and transparency.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, first quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate rises for the fourth consecutive quarter to 65.6% in first quarter of 2014

Wed, 16 Jul 2014 09:45:00 GMT

Recent labour market reforms have yet to fulfil their promise, says OECD

The UK labour market weathered the recent recession moderately well. After a relatively limited fall, total employment recovered and it recently reached 30 million for the first time, even if a number of the new jobs created are low productivity and low paid.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD and FAO see lower farm prices; livestock and biofuels outpacing crop production

The recent fall in prices of major crops is expected to continue over the next two years before stabilising at levels above the pre-2008 period, but markedly below recent peaks, according to the latest Agricultural Outlook produced by the OECD and FAO.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 11:30:00 GMT

Turkey: Macroeconomic stability and structural reform key to strong and inclusive growth, OECD says

Turkey’s economy will grow stronger in the coming years, but remains overly dependent on domestic consumption funded by foreign finance, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Turkey.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Türkiye: Makroekonomik istikrar ve yapısal reformlar, üretim yapısının güçlenmesi için hayati.

OECD Türkiye Ekonomik İnceleme Raporuna göre; Türkiye ekonomisi önümüzdeki yıllarda büyümeye devam edecek ancak, ekonominin dış kaynak ile fonlanan iç tüketime aşırı bağımlılığı halen devam etmekte.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Governments must address the vulnerability of social institutions, OECD says

Future generations will pay a high price if countries fail to reform pension, health care and unemployment schemes, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 15:33:00 GMT

First OECD PISA financial literacy test finds many young people confused by money matters

Around one in seven students in the 13 OECD countries and economies that took part in the first OECD PISA international assessment of financial literacy are unable to make even simple decisions about everyday spending, and only one in ten can solve complex financial tasks.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.4% in May 2014

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 08:52:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, July 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 16:09:00 GMT

Mental healthcare under-resourced in too many countries, says OECD

Governments need to step up their efforts to improve mental health care which remains poorly resourced and under-prioritised in too many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Permangono le difficoltà di accesso al credito per le PMI nonostante la ripresa economica

Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione e lo sviluppo economico (OCSE), le condizioni di accesso al credito per le Piccole e Medie Imprese (PMI) rimangono un motivo di preoccupazione in molti paesi.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 16:39:00 GMT

Italy needs to improve immigrant integration in society and work, says OECD

Italy should step up its efforts to help immigrants and their children integrate into society and learn the skills they need to improve their job prospects and earnings, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 14:59:00 GMT

Small businesses continue to face finance constraints despite economic recovery

Financing conditions for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) remain a pressing concern in many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth: first quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Private consumption main driver of modest OECD GDP growth in the first quarter of 2014

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 09:46:00 GMT

Global growth to slow as wage inequality rises over coming decades, says OECD

A slowdown in global economic growth and a continuing rise in income inequality are projected for the coming decades, according to a new OECD study which looks beyond the crisis at what the world could look like by 2060.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Boosting productivity key for developing economies to close income gap with advanced countries, says OECD Development Centre

Income levels in most developing and emerging countries will not catch up with advanced economies for many decades without efforts to boost productivity, according to a new report by the OECD Development Centre.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 July 2014

OECD annual inflation edges up to 2.1% in May 2014

Tue, 01 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

Health spending starts to rise but remains weak in Europe, says OECD

Health spending has started to rise again after stagnating or even falling in many OECD countries during the crisis. But the pace of growth remains well below pre-crisis rates, especially in Europe, according to OECD Health Statistics 2014.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Smarter research spending would boost French innovation, says OECD

Encouraging private-sector innovation, making public research institutions more accountable and channelling more funds into the most promising R&D projects would help restore France’s former prowess in science and technology, a new OECD report says.

Fri, 27 Jun 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Czech Republic should improve primary care and prevention to reduce chronic disease, says OECD

Strengthening primary health care and prevention programmes would help stem the growing tide of diabetes and other chronic health conditions in the Czech Republic, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

Teachers love their job but feel undervalued, unsupported and unrecognised, says OECD

Most teachers enjoy their job, despite feeling unsupported and unrecognised in schools and undervalued by society at large, according to a new OECD survey.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 08:48:00 GMT

OECD launches interactive website on regional well-being

Life expectancy, air quality, safety and other indicators of well-being can vary dramatically within countries, depending on which region you live in. Looking beyond national averages is vital to get an accurate picture of quality of life and to guide local government policy.

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Latin America and Caribbean governments could do more on budget management, public sector pay equality - OECD-IDB

Latin American and Caribbean countries need to do more to improve budget management, tax collection and public sector pay equality if they are to catch up with advanced economies in terms of government performance, according to a joint report by the OECD and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

2014 Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct, Paris, 26-27 June 2014

Responsible business conduct is crucial for open and stable international investment climates. OECD Secretary-General Ángel Gurría will open the 2014 OECD Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct on 26-27 June 2014, together with Dutch Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Co-operation Lilianne Ploumen and French Minister for Finance and Public Accounts Michel Sapin.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:36:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2014

OECD Unit Labour Costs up 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014 as labour productivity falls

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:13:00 GMT

OECD International teacher and school leader survey to be published Wednesday 25 June

The OECD’s Teacher and Learning International Survey (TALIS) will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 25 June 2014.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 16:59:00 GMT

Andorra commits to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Andorra has become the 48th signatory to an OECD Declaration that commits countries to end bank secrecy for tax purposes.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 18:30:00 GMT

Korea: Implement reforms to develop a creative economy, OECD says

Korea needs to move away from its current economic model and implement a range of reforms to develop a creative economy that can sustain long-term growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Korea. The strategy should be accompanied by new measures to reduce income inequality and poverty, particularly among the elderly, the OECD said.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 13:47:00 GMT

U.S. recovery could be strengthened by key reforms, OECD says

Economic recovery in the United States is stronger than in most OECD countries, but it will remain sluggish unless new reforms are launched to boost growth, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Fri, 13 Jun 2014 11:32:00 GMT

Statement of OECD on Japan’s Efforts to Increase Foreign Bribery Enforcement

Due to serious concerns about the extremely low level of enforcement of Japan’s offence of bribing foreign public officials – just three prosecutions since 1999 – the OECD Working Group on Bribery recommended in December 2013 that Japan establish an Action Plan to organise police and prosecution resources to be able to proactively detect, investigate and prosecute cases of foreign bribery by Japanese companies.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:43:00 GMT

Statement of OECD Working Group on Bribery on Spain’s efforts to amend its Penal Code and to enforce its foreign bribery offence

The OECD Working Group on Bribery supports Spain’s efforts to further reform its Penal Code to bring its anti-bribery law into line with its international obligations under the OECD Convention on Combatting Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:37:00 GMT

Slovenia must urgently prioritise the fight against foreign bribery, says OECD

Serious steps must be taken by Slovenia to ensure that it effectively detects, investigates and prosecutes allegations of transnational bribery.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Estonia needs to promptly address rising foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Estonia’s framework for combating foreign bribery may be inadequate to efficiently tackle rising foreign bribery risks resulting from its increasingly export-intensive economy.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:01:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - First quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth steady at 0.8% in first quarter of 2014

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 08:21:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: June 2014

Modest decline in OECD unemployment rate in April 2014

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 18:07:00 GMT

Canada: Sustain inclusive growth by reducing housing market risks and overcoming specific skills shortages, says OECD

Canada has experienced solid economic growth since the global crisis, allowing it to reverse recession-induced job losses and put federal public finances on a sound footing, says the OECD. Growth is expected to accelerate from 2.5% this year to 2.7% in 2015.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 16:20:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, June 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to suggest that momentum is weakening in most major emerging economies but stable in the OECD area

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:18:00 GMT

OECD launches its Better Life Index in Brazil with Pelé on the eve of the World Cup

Today, the OECD launched the Portuguese version of its Better Life Index in Brazil with football legend Pelé. The Portuguese version is the site’s 6th language edition, enabling the OECD to reach over 240 million Portuguese speakers across the globe.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OCDE lança Índice para uma Vida melhor no Brasil ao lado de Pelé e às vésperas do pontapé inicial da Copa do Mundo

Hoje, a OCDE lança no Brasil, e na presença da lenda do futebol Pelé, o Índice para uma Vida Melhor totalmente em português. Este é o sexto idioma em que o site está disponível e a tradução permite que a OCDE alcance mais de 240 milhões de falantes de português ao redor do mundo.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Mongolia should persist with systematic anti-corruption reforms

Mongolia should persist with systematic reforms in its struggle against corruption, says a new report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:49:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

Tajikistan should step up its fight against corruption

Tajikistan needs to step up its fight against corruption and turn political declarations of commitment into action, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:43:00 GMT

More efforts needed to tackle rising obesity, says OECD

Most people in OECD countries are overweight or obese. The social and economic consequences of this epidemic are dramatic, exposing an increasing number of people to chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

Tue, 27 May 2014 10:02:00 GMT

Norway should strengthen primary care to address evolving healthcare needs, says OECD

Improving primary care systems and co-ordination between health services would help Norway meet the changing needs of its healthcare system, as the population ages and hospital stays become shorter, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 17:34:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

Czech Republic: Tackling long-term unemployment requires stronger local actions to develop skills, says OECD

The Czech Republic has made significant progress towards creating a stable and attractive climate for investment, but more could be done to tackle long-term and youth unemployment through integrated actions across employment, skills and economic development policies at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 12:41:00 GMT

GDP Growth - First Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014, but with large diverging patterns across countries

Tue, 20 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Reducing red tape in business would boost Greek productivity, OECD says

Greece could save its businesses hundreds of millions of euros a year and improve their competitiveness by reducing administrative burdens, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 15 May 2014 17:23:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: May 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.5% in March 2014

Wed, 14 May 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, May 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in major emerging economies but stable growth momentum in most OECD countries

Tue, 13 May 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Germany should enact economic and social reforms to make its growth path more inclusive and sustainable, OECD says

Germany’s current economic success offers a good platform for achieving sustainable and inclusive growth, but further reforms will be necessary over the medium and long term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Germany.

Tue, 13 May 2014 12:14:00 GMT

Clarification on media reports regarding 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey

Following recent Turkish media reports, the OECD would like to clarify that it has published no recent review of Turkey. The publication of the 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey is planned for July.

Tue, 13 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 May 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.6% in March 2014 but slows in Euro area

Fri, 09 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Countries commit to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Bank secrecy for tax purposes is coming to an end as countries and major financial centres commit to automatic exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:40:00 GMT

Global economy strengthening but significant risks remain, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy will strengthen over the coming two years, but urgent action is still required to further reduce unemployment and address other legacies from the crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:13:00 GMT

Dynamic markets in Southeast Asia need good policies for sustained competitiveness and shared growth, says OECD

The Southeast Asia region, with more than half-a-billion people, is among the fastest-growing regions in the world but levels of growth and prosperity within the region remain uneven. Good policies need to be implemented in the region to maintain strong growth and make it more inclusive, boosting productivity, reducing poverty, and avoid falling into the “middle income trap”.

Tue, 06 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Countries must improve resilience to disasters or face mounting costs, OECD says

Smarter planning for natural and man-made disasters that increases collaboration between countries and encourages households and businesses to take more responsibility would improve resilience and reduce future economic losses, a new OECD report says.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:47:00 GMT

“Healthy, happy and wise”, users' top priorities as OECD releases its 2014 Better Life Index

Japanese users of the Better Life Index (BLI) worry most about safety, Australians seek work-life balance, Latin Americans strive for better education, and Danes want to be happy – user feedback shows as the Index marks its third birthday.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:38:00 GMT

Make growth socially inclusive for improved well-being and stronger economies – OECD report

Inequality – now at its highest level in decades in many countries – undermines economic growth and well-being, says a new OECD report. But policies to tackle the widening gap between rich and poor will only succeed if they also look beyond income and address better access to high-quality education, health care and public infrastructure, it adds.

Mon, 05 May 2014 10:35:00 GMT

OECD now accounts for slightly less than 50% of world GDP, large emerging economies for about 30%

OECD countries accounted for around 50% of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expressed in Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) in 2011 - the latest benchmark year - compared with about 60% in 2005, the previous benchmark year, according to new data released today by the International Comparison Program (ICP).

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 19:20:00 GMT

Top earners capturing growing share of total income in many countries, says OECD

The shares of the richest 1% in total pre-tax income have increased in most OECD countries over the past three decades. This rise is the result of the top 1% capturing a disproportionate share of overall income growth over that timeframe: up to 37% in Canada and 47% in the United States, according to new OECD analysis.

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 09:32:00 GMT

International community continues making progress on tax transparency

The international community continues making progress toward greater cooperation to ensure effective information exchange in tax matters. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes issued today 12 new reports that highlight action being taken by jurisdictions to implement the international standard for exchange of information on request.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 19:38:00 GMT

Netherlands: Make economic, innovation and territorial reforms work together to boost growth and competitiveness, says OECD

The Netherlands is gradually emerging from a double-dip recession with strengthened public finances and reforms on track to improve the labour and housing markets and the health care and pension systems. These reforms are paying off, says the OECD. Growth is expected to reach 1% this year and 1.3% in 2015.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Governments endorse new OECD Guidelines on applying VAT across borders

The governments of 86 countries have taken a key step towards preventing value added tax from weighing on trade while also safeguarding state revenues by endorsing the first internationally agreed framework for applying national VAT rules to cross-border transactions.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 16:37:00 GMT

Northern Ireland, UK: Collaboration at local level is key towards matching skills to demand, says OECD

Closer collaboration between local employment, training, and economic development agencies to develop the right skills in jobseekers is crucial to support export-oriented growth in Northern Ireland, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 09:49:00 GMT

The Netherlands must do more to make working at an older age more attractive, says OECD

Encouraging more people to work later in life would help the Netherlands meet its growing challenges of a rapidly ageing population and rising social spending, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Italy increases aid contributions but should address working practices, OECD says

Italy has raised its foreign aid contributions and its future targets, reversing a trend of falling development assistance, and now needs to improve the way it manages its development programmes, according to a new OECD review.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income continue to rise across the OECD

Personal income tax has risen in 25 out of 34 OECD countries over the past three years, as countries reduce the value of tax-free allowances and tax credits and subject higher proportions of earnings to tax, according to new data in the annual Taxing Wages publication.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Colombia telecoms regulator needs more power to increase competition, says OECD

Colombia has done much to strengthen the rules governing its telecommunication sector, but it must give its regulator more power to enforce them in order to increase competition, particularly in the highly concentrated mobile market, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: April 2014

OECD unemployment increases to 7.6% in February 2014

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Aid to developing countries rebounds in 2013 to reach an all-time high

Development aid rose by 6.1% in real terms in 2013 to reach the highest level ever recorded, despite continued pressure on budgets in OECD countries since the global economic crisis. Donors provided a total of USD 134.8 billion in net official development assistance (ODA), marking a rebound after two years of falling volumes, as a number of governments stepped up their spending on foreign aid.

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, April 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in most major emerging economies but continued positive growth prospects in OECD countries

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 08:50:00 GMT

Latvia to join OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Latvia has taken an important step on the road to OECD membership by completing the process to become a member of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Latvia will become the 41st Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 30 May 2014.

Mon, 07 Apr 2014 14:51:00 GMT

Europe’s reforms beginning to pay off but continued effort needed, says OECD

Action taken by many European countries to return their public finances to health are beginning to pay off, says the OECD. The Euro area economies which emerged from the crisis with serious current account deficits are now in surplus. Debt-to-GDP ratios are stabilising and market tensions have abated.

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 21:22:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Fourth quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Unwinding of stocks slows OECD GDP growth to 0.5% in the fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 09:36:00 GMT

Singapore and Korea top OECD’s first PISA problem-solving test

Students from Singapore and Korea have performed best in the first OECD PISA assessment of creative problem-solving. Students in these countries are quick learners, highly inquisitive and able to solve unstructured problems in unfamiliar contexts.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Spain’s public sector reform plans on the right track, says OECD report

Spain’s planned public sector reforms should help make the country’s institutions stronger and more effective, and proposals to increase transparency and root out corruption will do much to restore public trust, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 April 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.4% in February 2014

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Sovereign borrowing set to fall in 2014, says OECD

Borrowing operations by OECD governments are set to decrease, as their borrowing needs continue to decline, according to a new OECD report. Net borrowing needs are projected to fall from USD 2.0 trillion in 2013 to USD 1.5 trillion in 2014, the lowest level since 2007.

Fri, 28 Mar 2014 15:25:00 GMT

Inclusive Growth and Urbanisation in China

Reassessing the way in which China grows and placing equity at the centre of the 13th Five Year Plan growth strategy will help to ensure China’s long term growth prospects, giving every citizen the chance to lead a prosperous and fulfilling life, said OECD Secretary-General in Beijing.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:54:00 GMT

Tax: OECD’s Gurría welcomes international progress towards automatic exchange of information

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed moves by more than 40 countries – reinforced by EU leaders - to commit to a detailed timetable to step up the fight against tax evasion.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD forecasts during and after the financial crisis: a post mortem

This paper assesses the OECD’s projections for GDP growth and inflation during the global financial crisis and recovery, focussing on lessons that can be learned.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 08:59:00 GMT

China: Structural reforms for inclusive growth

In spite of a slow and uneven global recovery over the past five years, China has maintained strong growth and continued to tackle income inequality, which had been rising, as well as poverty. Drawing on the expertise and collective experience of OECD member and partner countries, this Report presents recent OECD analysis and policy advice in areas that are critical to China’s long-term economic performance and social development.

Fri, 21 Mar 2014 16:51:00 GMT

Lack of enforcement jeopardises South Africa’s fight against foreign bribery; OECD concerned that political and economic considerations may be an influence

South Africa must take urgent steps to proactively investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. No foreign bribery cases have been prosecuted since South Africa joined the Convention in 2007. The 4 on-going investigations – out of only 10 allegations that have surfaced to date – are also far from reaching the prosecution stage, according to a new report by the OECD Working Group on Bribery.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Progress made but Chile should better detect and thoroughly investigate foreign bribery, says OECD

Chile has made positive efforts to implement the Convention, but there has not been a single foreign bribery conviction. Chile did not sufficiently investigate several of the six foreign bribery allegations that have surfaced since 2001. Chile should improve its investigative and detection efforts, says OECD

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Urgent action needed to tackle rising inequality and social divisions, says OECD

Income inequality and social divisions could worsen and become entrenched unless governments act quickly to boost support for the most vulnerable in society, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic is recovering, but more must be done to jump-start income convergence with euro area countries, OECD says

The Czech economy is finally coming out of a prolonged recession but must take further steps to speed up income convergence towards the euro area countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 17:22:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Fourth quarter of 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.8% in the fourth quarter of 2013, down from 0.9% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Statement by the OECD regarding the status of the accession process with Russia & co-operation with Ukraine

Further to a meeting of its governing Council on 12 March 2014, the OECD has postponed activities related to the accession process of the Russian Federation to the OECD for the time being.

Thu, 13 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Recovery continuing in G7 countries, but emerging economies are mixed, OECD says

Recovery is under way in the world’s advanced economies, underpinned by supportive financial conditions and reduced drag from budgetary tightening, but activity in the major emerging markets is mixed, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Tue, 11 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Poland can grow faster through labour market and pro-competition reforms, OECD says

Poland’s economic performance has been impressive over the past 15 years, but further reforms are now needed to put the economy firmly back on track for stronger and sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Poland.

Mon, 10 Mar 2014 17:52:00 GMT

New approach needed to boost strong and sustainable tourism growth, says OECD

Governments should recognise tourism’s role as an essential driver of jobs and growth and boost their support for the sector. The industry today accounts for 4.7% of GDP and 6.0% of employment in the developed world, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Norway’s success in generating inclusive growth can ensure future prosperity, OECD says

The Norwegian economy is performing well, generating inclusive growth, strong social mobility and low unemployment. But to ensure future prosperity, Norway must continue with growth-enhancing reforms while ensuring financial stability, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Norway.

Wed, 05 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 March 2014

OECD annual inflation increases slightly to 1.7% in January 2014

Tue, 04 Mar 2014 08:52:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Norway launches Wednesday 5 March 2014

The Survey discusses Norway’s determination to strengthen financial stability, through the use of new policy tools to help policymakers prevent and manage financial crises, notably concerning housing market related risks.

Mon, 03 Mar 2014 11:34:00 GMT

OECD Tourism Trends and Policies 2014 launches in Berlin

Tourism has shown resilience through the global economic crisis and accounts today for 4.7% of GDP and 6% of jobs on average in OECD countries. Yet as tourist arrivals worldwide surpass 1 billion annually, many established destinations are losing market share to up-and-coming countries in an increasingly competitive environment.

Fri, 28 Feb 2014 14:32:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

Ambitious structural reforms can pave the return to strong and sustainable growth, OECD says

Adopting ambitious and comprehensive structural reform agendas will offer governments the best chance for a return to strong, sustainable and balanced economic growth that creates jobs and reduces inequality, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report

Fri, 21 Feb 2014 03:30:00 GMT

Tunisia: OECD’s Gurría welcomes democratic progress and pledges continued support

OECD Secretary General Angel-Gurría has welcomed Tunisia’s progress towards democratic reconstruction and pledged to support the Tunisian government and people in the challenges ahead.

Thu, 20 Feb 2014 14:04:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Fourth Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP growth rate stable at 0.6% in fourth quarter of 2013

Wed, 19 Feb 2014 16:47:00 GMT

OECD delivers new single global standard on automatic exchange of information

Offshore tax evasion remains a serious problem for countries and jurisdictions worldwide, with vast amounts of funds deposited abroad and sheltered from taxation when taxpayers fail to comply with obligations in their home countries.

Thu, 13 Feb 2014 16:29:00 GMT

Finland’s economy is on the mend but pushing ahead with reform is key, says OECD

Finland’s economy is gradually picking up, but uncertainty surrounds the recovery. Determined action to implement structural reforms is needed to revive economic growth, restore competitiveness and preserve high standards of living and well-being, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Finland.

Wed, 12 Feb 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: February 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.6% in December 2013

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 16:45:00 GMT

Economic crisis provides lessons for new approaches to forecasting, says OECD

Extreme volatility during the global financial crisis complicated economic forecasting, leading to large errors that underline the need for better modelling methods and new approaches for making and presenting projections.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 15:27:00 GMT

Switzerland on track to meet aid targets; should play greater leadership role

Switzerland provided USD 3 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.45% of its gross national income (GNI), in line with its goal to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2015.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 10:36:00 GMT

UK needs to tackle high cost of mental-ill health, says OECD

Mental health issues cost the UK around GBP 70 billion every year, or roughly 4.5% of GDP, in lost productivity at work, benefit payments and health care expenditure.

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 15:41:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, February 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 08:58:00 GMT

Donors doing too little to strengthen domestic revenues in fragile states, OECD says

International donors are not doing enough to help fragile states increase their domestic revenue, according to a new OECD report that shows only a tiny fraction of development aid goes into programmes to improve tax collection.

Thu, 06 Feb 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 February 2014

OECD annual inflation nudges up to 1.6% in December 2013

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Launch of OECD report on mental health and work in the UK – London, Monday 10 February 2014

Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is an issue that has been neglected for too long, despite creating very high and increasing costs to people and society at large.

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 15:44:00 GMT

Australia: Local employment agencies should play a greater role in job creation, says OECD

Slower growth in key markets like China and India is reducing momentum across the Australian economy, cutting into employment opportunities and putting more pressure on the government to ensure that public policy delivers optimal results for growth and job creation.

Mon, 03 Feb 2014 23:00:00 GMT

France must do more to promote quality jobs for older workers, says OECD

Promoting quality employment for older workers is crucial to boosting growth and ensuring a financially sustainable pension system, according to a new OECD report on ageing and employment policies in France.

Thu, 30 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

French capital should prepare now for risk of a costly Seine flood

A major flooding of the Seine River similar to the flood disaster of 1910 could affect up to 5 million residents in the greater Paris area and cause up to 30 billion euros worth of damage, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Switzerland needs to improve its approach to mental-health issues in the labour force, says OECD

Switzerland needs to do more to help people with mental disorders find a job or stay in work, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Jan 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Hungary launches Monday 27 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Hungary, to be published on Monday 27 January 2014, assesses the country’s exit from recession as well as steps that can be taken to boost its growth potential.

Wed, 22 Jan 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Employment situation, third quarter 2013, OECD

OECD employment rate nudges up to 65.2% in third quarter of 2013.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues continue to rise, but are low and varied among countries, according to new OECD-ECLAC-CIAT report

Tax revenues in Latin American countries continue to rise but are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries. Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2012 shows that Argentina and Brazil have the highest tax revenue to GDP ratio, while Guatemala and Dominican Republic stand at the lower end.

Mon, 20 Jan 2014 09:44:00 GMT

Mr Gurria strongly supports recently announced plans to revitalise the French economy

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría strongly supports President François Hollande’s recently announced measures to revitalise the French economy and set it on a path towards stronger growth.

Fri, 17 Jan 2014 13:09:00 GMT

OECD appoints new directors for economic policy

The OECD has appointed a former Portuguese economy minister and a high-level German government official to top leadership posts in the Economics Department, reinforcing its commitment to identifying and promoting policies that improve countries’ long-term economic performance.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Denmark launches Monday 20 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Denmark, to be published on Monday 20 January 2014, assesses the country’s gradual recovery from the global economic crisis as well as the need for further structural reforms to boost productivity growth and maintain high levels of well-being among its population.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 12:01:00 GMT

Russian economy growing but further reforms needed, says OECD

The Russian Federation’s economy is growing, but further reforms are needed to bolster future growth, improve the business climate and strengthen innovation, according to the OECD.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Stockbuilding main driver of OECD GDP growth in the third quarter of 2013

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 09:32:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: January 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.8% in November 2013.

Tue, 14 Jan 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Norway high up the aid donor table but could improve allocation

Norway gave USD 4.8 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.93 percent of its gross national income (GNI). That made it the third most-generous member in terms of its ODA/GNI ratio of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups major donors.

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:28:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, January 2014

Composite leading indicators point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:22:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 January 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.5% in November 2013. This increase in the annual rate of inflation was mainly driven by energy prices which increased by 0.1% in the year to November, compared with a decrease of 1.3% in the year to October.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 09:15:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Russia launches in Moscow at the Gaidar Forum on Wednesday 15 January 2014

The OECD will launch its latest Economic Survey of the Russian Federation in Moscow on Wednesday 15 January 2014 during the annual Gaidar Forum.

Fri, 20 Dec 2013 11:08:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: December 2013

OECD Unit labour costs stable in the third quarter of 2013

Thu, 19 Dec 2013 17:49:00 GMT

Ireland must urgently apply more resources to enforce Anti-Bribery Convention, says OECD

Ireland should increase its resources to detect and investigate foreign bribery more efficiently. Resources have, in recent years, been largely devoted to investigating non-bribery cases in the financial sector. Ireland has not prosecuted a foreign bribery case in the twelve years since its foreign bribery offence came into force, and law enforcement has taken few proactive steps to investigate allegations.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Spain’s labour market reforms on track but more assistance needed for young jobseekers, says OECD

Spain has taken courageous steps to strengthen its labour market. Recent reforms have helped create jobs and should further boost competitiveness and employment in the years to come. But additional efforts are needed to boost competition in product markets and to improve assistance to job seekers, particularly young people, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 10:30:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery report on Ireland launches Wednesday 18 December 2013

The OECD Working Group on Bribery will release a report tomorrow Wednesday 18 December at 12.00 CET/11.00 Dublin time on Ireland’s efforts to fight foreign bribery.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 17:38:00 GMT

OECD to release Review of Spain’s Labour Market Reforms

The OECD will release a review of Spain’s 2012 labour market reform at a press conference in Madrid at 10.30 AM on Wednesday 18 December 2013.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 14:36:00 GMT

Tax revenues continue to rise across the OECD

Tax revenues continue bouncing back from the low levels reported in almost all countries during 2008 and 2009, at the height of the global economic crisis, according to new OECD data in the annual Revenue Statistics publication. The average tax revenue to GDP ratio in OECD countries was 34.6% in 2012, compared with 34.1% in 2011 and 33.8% in 2010.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.9% in third quarter of 2013; up from 0.8% recorded in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 18:12:00 GMT

Sweden has excellent health care but must improve care co-ordination, says OECD

Sweden’s health and elderly care systems deserve their reputation as being among the best in the world. Yet an ageing population with growing chronic conditions and requiring more complex health services are testing Sweden’s ability to continue delivering high-quality care, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 08:14:00 GMT

Israel’s economy growing strongly but further efforts needed to improve living standards, says OECD

Israel’s economy is in good shape, but further efforts are needed to fight poverty and close the gap in living standards with other leading nations, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel.

Sun, 08 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

Rethink regional and city policies for inclusive growth - Chair’s Summary from ministerial meeting

Ministers from 25 countries closed their meeting on regions and cities in Marseille, France today with a call on national governments to rethink their territorial development policies in order to create more dynamic and inclusive economic growth and to improve the wellbeing of all citizens regardless of where they live.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 15:46:00 GMT

OECD saddened by the passing of Nelson Mandela: Remains committed to his legacy

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, said that it was with a heavy heart and a debt of gratitude that the world was bidding farewell to Nelson Mandela.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 09:32:00 GMT

Aix-Marseille at the crossroads: Overcoming fragmentation for a stronger metropolitan area

The metropolitan region of Aix-Marseille in the south of France needs to tackle its fragmentated governance if it is to return to more inclusive and sustainable economic growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Improved multi-level governance key to tackling widening regional inequalities and ensuring inclusive recovery

The economic crisis has hit certain regions and cities harder than others in the OECD area, calling for better regional policies across levels of governments to foster an inclusive and sustainable recovery, according to two new OECD reports.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Asian countries top OECD’s latest PISA survey on state of global education

Asian countries outperform the rest of the world in the OECD’s latest PISA survey, which evaluates the knowledge and skills of the world’s 15-year-olds. PISA 2012 tested more than 510,000 students in 65 countries and economies on maths, reading and science. The main focus was on maths.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 17:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Israel launches Sunday 8 December 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel, to be published on Sunday 8 December 2013, details the fundamental strengths of the Israeli economy as well as the challenges to maintaining sustainable growth over the long-term.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:04:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Slovenia joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Slovenia has become the 29th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Making fiscal decentralisation work

Hundreds of thousands of elected sub-national governments worldwide provide services and levy taxes on residents and companies.

Mon, 02 Dec 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD identifies hundreds of competition-distorting rules and provisions

An 11-month investigation by the OECD in cooperation with the Greek authorities has identified a wide range of regulations and legal provisions that undermine competition.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Greece: Structural reforms under way but more progress needed in boosting market dynamism

Greece has made impressive headway in consolidating its public finances and undertaking key structural reforms to boost productivity and enhance competitiveness.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Pension reforms on track but the challenges of adequacy and inequality in old age remain, says OECD

Recent reforms of pension systems have helped to contain the rise in future costs resulting from ageing populations and increasing life expectancy. Governments now need to do more to encourage people to work longer and save more for their retirement to ensure that benefits are adequate enough to maintain standards of living into old-age.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Forum moves towards automatic exchange of tax information and transparency

The international community has taken new steps to strengthen transparency and boost the comprehensive exchange of information between governments worldwide.

Fri, 22 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A boost to transparency and international tax co-operation

International efforts to combat tax evasion and avoidance got a boost today as additional countries and jurisdictions agreed to join more than 60 other countries in tax co-operation through a key multilateral tax instrument during the first day of a global meeting in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Major brake in health spending growth as governments cut budgets in the crisis, says OECD

Total health spending has fallen in one of three OECD countries between 2009 and 2011, with those hardest hit by the crisis most affected. This is a sharp reversal from the strong growth in the years prior to the crisis, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy recovering at moderate pace but more risks ahead, says OECD

The global economy is expected to continue expanding at a moderate pace over the coming two years, but policymakers must ensure that instability in financial markets and underlying fragility in some major economies are not allowed to derail growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly real gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area increased by 0.5% in the third quarter of 2013, the same rate as in the previous quarter.

Mon, 18 Nov 2013 16:34:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Switzerland launches Thursday 21 November 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Switzerland, to be published on Thursday 21 November 2013, assesses the country’s strong recent performance, its short-term outlook and the policy challenges it faces in the longer term. The Survey also looks at what Switzerland can do to meet environmental targets while maintaining energy security, to boost productivity and to better integrate women into the workforce.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 14:11:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General welcomes Liechtenstein’s moves toward transparency

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria welcomed today Liechtenstein’s announcement of plans to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters and take further steps to increase transparency and international co-operation.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Governments can do more to regain trust, says OECD report

The global economic crisis has undermined trust in government. Today only four out of ten citizens in OECD countries say they have confidence in their national authorities. Not surprisingly, trust declined in the countries hit hardest by the crisis, such as Ireland, Greece, Slovenia and Portugal.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 09:00:00 GMT

France : Reinforcing competitiveness is key to boosting jobs and growth

Improving France’s competitiveness is essential to boost the economic growth needed to create jobs and allow citizens and businesses to develop their full potential, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 00:05:00 GMT

Hungary deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Hungary’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 61st signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Tue, 12 Nov 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Measuring government performance – new report launches 9.00 a.m. Thursday 14 November

The global economic crisis has shaken public confidence in governments.The OECD’s latest Government at a Glance report looks at what governments can do to improve their effectiveness and efficiency while meeting the needs of citizens. It provides a dashboard of more than 50 indicators measuring government performance across the 34 member countries of the OECD.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD to launch PISA test for schools in England in 2014

Individual secondary schools in England will from next year be able to take a version of the OECD’s PISA test in order to benchmark themselves against the world’s best education systems.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Andorra deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Andorra’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation, after it became the 60th signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 15:30:00 GMT

OECD report measures human cost of crisis; underlines need to invest in well-being

The global economic crisis has had a profound impact on people’s well-being, reaching far beyond the loss of jobs and income, and affecting citizens’ satisfaction with their lives and their trust in governments, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Azerbaijan should be more proactive against corruption

Azerbaijan must do more to enforce recently introduced anti-corruption laws and to ensure law enforcement has the resources to prosecute complex corruption crimes, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 17:24:00 GMT

Georgia should strengthen civil service and independent judiciary to build on anti-corruption progress

Georgia has achieved significant progress in reducing corruption over the past decade. To build on this progress, the Government should focus on strengthening its professional civil service and ensure independence of the judiciary, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 16:43:00 GMT

Improving detection and treatment would cut cancer death rates significantly, says OECD

Earlier detection and better treatment for cancer would cut death rates from the disease by around a third, saving the lives of nearly a million people in the developed world every year, according to a new report by the OECD prepared with the support of the European Commission, building on earlier World Health Organisation research.

Wed, 30 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombia’s accession process

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today formally launched Colombia’s accession process with Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Improving innovation policy and ensuring good governance would help raise living standards in Colombia, OECD says

Good public policies are central to well-functioning economies. Better policies on innovation, combined with high-quality regulations and a more efficient public administration, can help Colombia create jobs, boost economic growth and support development, according to three new OECD reports.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Chile strengthening international tax co-operation, OECD says

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Chile’s recent steps to strengthen international tax co-operation.

Thu, 24 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Chile should continue strengthening growth and well-being, says OECD

Sound macroeconomic policies and the commodity boom have helped Chile record an enviable period of economic growth and job creation. Further reforms are needed to make the labour market more inclusive and growth greener, while more could be done to support innovation and entrepreneurship, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Chile.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 23:30:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombian accession process in Bogotá on 25 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will formally launch Colombia’s OECD accession process during a public event in Bogotá on 25 October 2013 with President Juan Manuel Santos and members of his government in Bogotá. While in Bogotá, Mr Gurría will also present new OECD analysis on improving Colombia’s economy and business environment.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Support for young firms would boost job creation, says OECD

Young firms play a crucial role in job creation but have missed out on many of the benefits of structural reforms of the past decade in OECD countries.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazilian economy is expanding again but long-term challenges remain, says OECD

Brazil has moved up the ranks of the world’s largest economies while making economic growth ever more inclusive.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 21:07:00 GMT

Poland joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Poland has become the 28th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Brazil should continue efforts to boost education and improve young people’s job prospects

Brazil’s strong economic growth has helped cut the youth unemployment rate over the past decade to levels below those of most OECD countries. Increased investment in education and vocational training is also helping young people get a foot in the jobs market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 13:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes Brazil’s commitment to improving education and playing greater role in PISA Programme

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed Brazil’s further engagement with the Organisation’s world-leading global education assessment programme (PISA) during a signing ceremony in Brasilia with Brazil’s Minister for Education Aloízio Mercadante.

Mon, 21 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Santiago on 23-24 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will visit Santiago on 23-24 October. Mr Gurría will present a major report on the Chilean economy, hold meetings with President Sebastián Piñera and his government, deliver two major addresses and participate in a signing ceremony marking Chile’s adherence to an international convention on mutual administrative assistance in tax matters.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Brasilia on 22 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present two new major publications on Brazil during news conferences on 22 October in Brasilia. He will also hold a series of high-level meetings with Brazilian government officials.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 17:00:00 GMT

Innovation, diversification and better logistics key to sustainable and inclusive growth, says latest Latin American Economic Outlook

After a decade of relatively strong growth, Latin America is facing headwinds associated with declining trade, a moderation in commodity prices and increasing uncertainty over external financial conditions, according to the latest Latin American Economic Outlook jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre, the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN ECLAC) and CAF - Development Bank of Latin America.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica adheres to OECD instruments during visit by OECD Secretary-General

Costa Rica adhered today to OECD legal instruments on Internet governance and international business conduct, demonstrating its willingness to align its policies to best practices in these areas and work together with the Organisation.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría comments on U.S. debt agreement

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said that while OECD countries breathed a sigh of relief following the U.S. Congress’ steps to lift the debt ceiling and to end the partial federal government shutdown a longer term solution will need to be found.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 18:58:00 GMT

New Zealand not immune from foreign bribery, says OECD

New Zealand must significantly increase its efforts to detect, investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. Since joining the Convention over 12 years ago, New Zealand has not prosecuted any cases of foreign bribery and only four allegations have surfaced to date. Outdated perceptions that New Zealand individuals and companies do not bribe may have also undermined detection efforts.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Despite certain progress, the OECD remains concerned with Russia’s compliance with key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Russia has yet to address key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, which entered into force in Russia in April 2012. It has not yet fully implemented recommendations for strengthening its framework for combating foreign bribery and should be more proactive in detecting, investigating and prosecuting foreign bribery cases.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Belgium should address “flagrant” lack of resources for fighting foreign bribery, says OECD

Fighting foreign bribery is not a priority in Belgium. Together with the flagrant lack of resources for Belgian law enforcement authorities, this has resulted in very few foreign bribery investigations and prosecutions. In the 14 years since the entry into force of the foreign bribery offence in Belgium, only one case of bribery of foreign public officials has been concluded.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Latvia’s membership

The OECD has set out a path for Latvia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing a commitment to extend its global membership.

Wed, 16 Oct 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Switzerland signs Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Switzerland has become the 58th country to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters during a ceremony at the OECD.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

Reform R&D tax systems to boost innovation and help young firms, says OECD

Most OECD governments use tax incentives to encourage businesses to invest in research and development (R&D) to boost innovation and drive economic growth. Others, like China, India and South Africa, are doing the same. But reforming these incentives would give countries a better return on their investment and support young innovative firms that play a crucial role in job creation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

Boosting skills essential for tackling joblessness and improving well-being, says OECD

The low-skilled are more likely than others to be unemployed, have bad health and earn much less, according to the first OECD Survey of Adult Skills. Countries with greater inequality in skills proficiency also have higher income inequality.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emerging Asian economies expected to remain resilient but structural reform critical, says new Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India

The economic outlook for Emerging Asia (Southeast Asia, China and India) remains robust over the medium term, anchored by the steady rise in domestic demand, according to a new report from the OECD Development Centre.

Mon, 07 Oct 2013 12:21:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Press Conference: Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia 2014

Press Conference for the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India: Beyond Middle-income Trap 2014. Tuesday, 8 October 2013, Brunei (3:00 pm).

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Sweden is a generous aid donor that has put development at the heart of its foreign policy

Sweden delivered USD 5.24 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.99% of its gross national income (GNI). It is the second most generous member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors, when ODA is measured on a GNI basis.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica signs OECD agreement to boost investment

Costa Rica today became the 45th country to adhere to an OECD international investment instrument, designed to help the country attract more and better foreign investment and promote responsible business conduct.

Mon, 30 Sep 2013 17:00:00 GMT

England should expand provision of postsecondary vocational programmes, says OECD

England should expand the provision of postsecondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of students and employers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 23 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Colombia’s Membership

The OECD set out a clear path for Colombia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing its commitment to further extend its global membership to include more emerging economies.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 14:36:00 GMT

OECD countries address the safety of manufactured nanomaterials

The OECD has recommended its Member Countries apply existing international and national chemical regulatory frameworks to manage the risks associated with manufactured nanomaterials.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 11:55:00 GMT

The Slovak Republic joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC)

The Slovak Republic has become the 27th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Support to agriculture rising after hitting historic lows, OECD says

Government support for agriculture in the world’s leading farming nations rose during 2012, bucking a long-term downward trend and reversing historic lows recorded in 2011, according to the latest version of an annual OECD report.

Mon, 16 Sep 2013 09:34:00 GMT

Irish recovery underway, but more inclusive growth and job creation needed, says OECD

Ireland’s economy is now showing encouraging signs of recovery from the financial crisis, but more must be done to reinvigorate growth and create the jobs that will get the country back to full health, according to the OECD.

Thu, 12 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Ireland launches Thursday 12 September 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland, to be published on Thursday 12 September 2013, assesses the country’s emergence from the economic crisis and the state of its continuing recovery.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 15:35:00 GMT

Leaders endorse new G20/OECD principles on long-term investment financing

G20 Leaders today endorsed an OECD-launched initiative to encourage the flow of institutional investment towards longer-term assets, such as infrastructure and renewable energy projects, in order to strengthen the global economy.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

G20 countries step up action to help consumers make informed financial decisions

The financial crisis has shown that many people need to have a better understanding of the financial issues in order to make informed decisions on matters such as savings, investments, pensions and credit, according to a report to be presented to G20 leaders in Saint Petersburg this week.

Thu, 05 Sep 2013 09:00:00 GMT

The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report to be launchedMonday 9 September 9:15 – 17:30 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands

What: A new OECD report, The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report, outlines the role of ports in urban and national economies. The report provides policy recommendations to increase the positive economic impacts and mitigate negative impacts related to environment, land use and traffic congestion.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 10:16:00 GMT

Advanced economies growing again but some emerging economies slowing, says OECD

A moderate recovery is underway in the major advanced economies, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment. Growth is proceeding at encouraging rates in North America, Japan and the UK. The euro area as a whole is out of recession, although output remains weak in a number of countries.

Tue, 03 Sep 2013 12:08:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

China joins international efforts to end tax evasion

China signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters at a ceremony today at the OECD. All G20 countries have now fulfilled the commitment they made at the Cannes G20 Summit to sign the Convention and move towards automatic exchange of information as the new, global standard.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 16:45:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Interim Economic Assessment

The OECD will present its Interim Assessment of the major economies, including near-term projections for G7 countries and China, at 11:00 a.m. Paris time (09:00 GMT) on Tuesday 3 September 2013.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 15:29:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

OECD appoints new Deputy Secretary-General

William C. Danvers has been appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD. He will take up his functions early in September.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on Tax Transparency: New reports review jurisdictions’ information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has released peer review reports assessing the tax systems of 13 jurisdictions for information exchange.

Wed, 31 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

La OCDE Acoge el Plan de Chile Para Mejorar el Índice de Precios al Consumidor

La OCDE acoge el plan de Chile para mejorar la metodología de cálculo de su Índice de Precios al Consumidor (IPC).

Tue, 23 Jul 2013 17:24:00 GMT

OECD calls on G20 finance ministers to support next steps in clampdown on tax avoidance

The OECD today presented to G20 finance ministers plans for a two-pronged attack on tax avoidance and evasion from both companies and individuals.

Sat, 20 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Closing tax gaps - OECD launches Action Plan on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

National tax laws have not kept pace with the globalisation of corporations and the digital economy, leaving gaps that can be exploited by multi-national corporations to artificially reduce their taxes.

Fri, 19 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD, ILO call on G20 labour ministers to reinforce cooperation

Joint statement by ILO Director-General Guy Ryder and OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría on the occasion of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting, Moscow, 18-19 July 2013

Wed, 17 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Unemployment set to remain high in OECD countries through 2014 – youth and low-skilled hit hardest

Unemployment in OECD countries will remain high through 2014, with young people and the low-skilled hit hardest, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР и МОТ публикуют обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда накануне совещания министров труда и занятости стран Группы двадцати в Москве

В преддверии совещания министров труда стран Группы двадцати в Москве МОТ и ОЭСР представят обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда этих стран.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 15:44:00 GMT

OECD and ILO to release labour market update ahead of G20 Labour Ministerial in Moscow

The OECD and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) will publish updated G20 labour market data on Wednesday 17 July 2013 ahead of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting in Moscow.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Business start-up rates remain sluggish, new OECD data shows

Business start-up rates remain below pre-crisis levels – particularly in the Euro area – indicating that entrepreneurs may continue to be suffering from restrictive lending conditions, according to new OECD data released in the latest issue of Entrepreneurship at a Glance.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 12:00:00 GMT

More competition essential for future of mobile innovation, says OECD

OECD countries must ensure mobile markets remain open and competitive in order to sustain innovation and meet rising demand for data services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Launch of OECD's Employment Outlook 2013 - Paris, Tuesday 16 July 2013

Ahead of the G20 Labour Ministers’ Meeting in Moscow on 17 July, the OECD will release the Employment Outlook 2013 at 11.00 CET/Paris time on Tuesday 16 July 2013.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 16:48:00 GMT

OECD: Postsecondary education key to maintaining global standing of U.S. workforce

The United States should improve postsecondary career and technical training provisions to help students transition smoothly into education programs and the labor market, according to a new OECD report published today.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2013

The OECD unemployment rate was stable at 8.0% in April 2013, unchanged from the previous month.

Tue, 09 Jul 2013 08:24:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery Elects New Chair

The OECD Working Group on Bribery has designated Slovenian national Drago Kos to serve as the Group’s new Chair.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, July 2013

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to diverging patterns across major economies. The CLIs point to moderate improvements in growth in most major OECD economies but in large emerging economies the CLIs point towards stabilising or slowing momentum.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

France - a good donor but must ensure that poor countries get the aid they need

France’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) was USD 12.1 billion in 2012, making it the 4th largest member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee in terms of the volume of aid. However, this represents 0.46% of French Gross National Income (GNI) – below France’s international commitment. The review recommends that France plan to reach the 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio as soon as possible.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Advanced vocational training in Germany provides sought-after skills but needs compulsory standards in teaching and examination

The transition from school to work in Germany is remarkably smooth. An excellent vocational education and training (VET) system ensures that young people are well-prepared when they enter the labour market and can find jobs that match their qualifications.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 10:15:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - Contributions to GDP growth - First quarter 2013, OECD

Real GDP in the OECD area rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with flat growth registered in the previous quarter. Private consumption was the main contributor to overall GDP growth with 0.3 percentage point, while net exports and stockbuilding contributed 0.1 percentage point each.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD report on vocational training in Austria calls for continued diversity and increased co-ordination

There are few OECD countries where vocational education and training (VET) is held in such high regard or takes so many forms as in Austria. Some 60 percent of young Austrians aged between 25 and 34 have completed a VET course below tertiary level (vocational school or technical college).

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 15:19:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Austrian economy recovering, but trade-offs on the horizon, OECD says

Austria has achieved high levels of economic growth and well-being, but must address serious demographic, environmental and globalisation challenges if future generations are to share the same prosperity, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Austria.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 July 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.5% in the year to May 2013 compared with 1.3% in the year to April 2013.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Health spending continues to stagnate, says OECD

After falling sharply in 2010, health spending remained flat across OECD countries in 2011 as the economic crisis continued to have an impact, particularly in those European countries hardest hit by the crisis, according to OECD Health Data 2013.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Value of education rises in crisis but investment in this area is falling, says OECD

The jobs gap between well-educated young people and those who left school early has continued to widen during the crisis. A good education is the best insurance against a lack of work experience, according to the latest edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Norway should improve incentives to encourage people to work longer, says OECD

Norway is better placed to cope with population ageing than most other countries. But it could still do more to improve incentives and opportunities for people to stay working longer which would help ensure the country’s long-term future, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 16:03:00 GMT

Do lobbyists have too much influence?

Do lobbyists have too much influence?OECD headquarters, Paris27 June 2013

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Better civil justice systems can boost investment, competition, innovation and growth, OECD says

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Norge bør styrke insentivene til å jobbe lengre for eldre arbeidstakere, sier OECD

Norge er bedre rustet til å møte aldringen av befolkningen enn de fleste andre land. Mer kan likevel gjøres for å øke mulighetene og insentivene til å jobbe lenger, og dermed styrke landets langsiktige utvikling, ifølge en ny rapport fra OECD.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2013

Unit labour costs (ULCs) in OECD countries decreased by 0.1% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with a rise of 1.1% in the fourth quarter of 2012. This was driven by lower growth of labour compensation per unit of labour input (0.3% compared with 0.9% in the previous quarter), and increased labour productivity growth (0.4% compared with minus 0.2%).

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 16:16:00 GMT

Portugal needs proactive enforcement to tackle severe foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Portugal’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low. Not a single prosecution has resulted from 15 allegations of Portuguese companies bribing foreign officials in high-risk countries.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Poland needs strategy to meet growing risk of foreign bribery

The current Polish framework for fighting foreign bribery is still inadequate to fully meet foreign bribery risks resulting from Poland’s growing economy, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on health spending in Brussels on 26 June 2013

Public spending on health and long-term care has been rising faster than GDP in the OECD area for several decades. New OECD research suggests that the upward trend now also extends to major emerging economies - Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s Education at a Glance 2013 to be published Tuesday 25 June

The 2013 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 25 June 2013.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD reports to G8 on global system of automatic exchange of tax information

The OECD has presented to G8 leaders the steps needed to create a fairer and more transparent global tax system.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 00:01:00 GMT

We must take better care of the elderly, say OECD and the European Commission

The number of people over 80 will double by 2050 rising from 3.9% of the population to 9.1% in 2050 across OECD countries and from 4.7% to 11.3% across 27 EU members. Estimates are that up to half of them will need help to cope with their daily needs. Yet even today governments are struggling to deliver high-quality care to elderly people with reduced physical and mental abilities, says a new OECD/EC report, A good life in old age? .

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on civil justice systems in Rome on 21 June 2013

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Migration picking up but rising unemployment hurting immigrants

Migration has started to pick up again, driven largely by people moving within the European Union, after three years of continuous decline during the crisis. But the employment prospects for immigrants have worsened, with around one in two unemployed immigrants in Europe still looking for work after more than 12 months, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:01:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2013, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.7% in the first quarter of 2013 compared with 0.6% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates. However, the aggregate G20 GDP growth rate continues to mask diverging patterns across the world’s largest economies.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD to present work on global food security and agricultural innovation in Brussels Wednesday 19 June 2013, during a seminar hosted by CEPS, from 12h30 to 14h30

Around 850 million people worldwide are undernourished, mostly living on less than a dollar a day. Two-thirds of the world’s poor live in rural areas where farming is the principal economic activity.

Wed, 12 Jun 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Mexico must invest more in disaster risk prevention to support sustainable development

Mexico regularly faces a wide range of natural hazards, including earthquakes, tropical storms and floods. Over the years, the National Civil Protection System has improved its institutional and operational preparedness to manage these disruptive events. But more can be done to avoid future losses and at the same time support sustainable economic development.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 16:30:00 GMT

OECD-FAO预计全球农业生产增速放缓

OECD和FAO发布的新报告指出,预计未来十年全球农业生产年平均增长率为1.5%,与之相比,2003年到2012年的年增长率为2.1%。

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

OECD-FAO expect slower global agricultural production growth

Global agricultural production is expected to grow 1.5% a year on average over the coming decade, compared with annual growth of 2.1% between 2003 and 2012, according to a new report published by the OECD and FAO today.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 03:30:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook to be released 6 June – news conference in Beijing

How will global agriculture develop over the coming decade and what role will China play? With limited expansion of farmland and rising production costs, will supply be able to keep pace with demand to ensure food security?

Mon, 03 Jun 2013 11:57:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to action plan to tackle youth joblessness

OECD governments have committed to stepping up their efforts to tackle high youth unemployment and strengthen their education systems to better prepare young people for the world of work.

Thu, 30 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of New Zealand launches Wednesday 5 June 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of New Zealand, to be published on Wednesday 5 June 2013, looks at how the country can build on its growing economic momentum and create more equitable and sustainable long-term growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 17:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

Global economy advancing but pace of recovery varies, says OECD Economic Outlook

The global economy is moving forward, but divergence between countries and regions reflects the uneven progress made toward recovery from the economic crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. Historically high unemployment remains the most serious challenge facing governments.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria, Luxembourg and Singapore among countries signing-on to end tax secrecy

As a further sign of international efforts to crack down on tax offenders, 12 more countries have signed, or committed to sign, the OECD’s Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters. In addition, another 6 countries have ratified the Convention.

Wed, 29 May 2013 09:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР выпускает в свет версию 3.0 «Индекса лучшей жизни»: удовлетворенность жизнью, здоровье и образование возглавляют рейтинг

Организация Экономического Сотрудничества и Развития (ОЭСР) представляет версию 3.0 новаторского Индекса лучшей жизни (www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org ) – интерактивного онлайн-инструмента, который позволяет создать собственный индекс лучшей жизни в соответствии с приоритетностью каждого из 11 аспектов, которые ОЭСР определила как важнейшие составляющие благосостояния.

Tue, 28 May 2013 20:54:00 GMT

OECD launches Better Life Index 3.0: Life satisfaction, health, education top list

The OECD today launched a 3.0 version of its pioneering Better Life Index, an interactive tool that allows people to create their own index according to their priorities in 11 areas that the OECD has identified as essential for well-being. The updated version contains the latest underlying statistics, country data, user findings and a translation into Spanish.

Tue, 28 May 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Statistics: Experts to continue work of Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on measuring progress

A High Level Expert Group is to be set up to continue the work of the Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on Measuring Economic Performance and Social Progress.

Tue, 28 May 2013 15:23:00 GMT

New approach to globalisation and global value chains needed to boost growth and jobs, says OECD

Technological advances, less costly shipping and trade liberalisation have transformed the way in which companies make products and distribute them worldwide. Governments that become more open to trade and investment, and encourage innovation will help firms better integrate the global value chains that are driving growth in increasingly interconnected economies, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 28 May 2013 12:27:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Thu, 23 May 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Wed, 22 May 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Russia: Progress made in improving the quality of official statistics but challenges remain

Russia’s official statistics are compiled with a high a degree of professionalism and now have a solid legal basis, but their scope, timeliness and international comparability needs to be improved, according to an initial assessment by the OECD.

Wed, 22 May 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - GDP Growth - First Quarter 2013, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area fell by 0.2% in the fourth quarter of 2012, after a 0.3% increase in the previous quarter. This is the first contraction of GDP in the OECD area since the very sharp decline in the first quarter of 2009 (minus 2.3%).

Tue, 21 May 2013 10:15:00 GMT

Tax Commissioners unite to fight tax fraud

The Forum on Tax Administration - Tax Commissioners from 45 countries - has been meeting in Moscow for the past two days. And released this comuniqué.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary General to participate in ITF Summit 22 May 2013 in Leipzig

The OECD will present its latest work on achieving sustainable transportation during the International Transport Forum’s annual Summit on Wednesday 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany.

Wed, 15 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Mexico launches Thursday 16 May 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Mexico, to be published on Thursday 16 May 2013, looks at how structural reforms carried out over the past few years have improved the country’s economic performance and increased its resilience in the face of external shocks.

Wed, 15 May 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Forum on Tax Administration

Ritz Carlton, Moscow, 16 – 17 May 2013

Tue, 14 May 2013 14:04:00 GMT

Growing risk of inequality and poverty as crisis hits the poor hardest

Income inequality increased by more in the first three years of the crisis to the end of 2010 than it had in the previous twelve years, before factoring in the effect of taxes and transfers on income, according to new OECD data.

Tue, 14 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Rotterdam/Amsterdam: competing in the global economy

Monday 13th May 2013, 14:30 – 15:30Hotel New York, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Fri, 10 May 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Portuguese Prime Minister to visit OECD

Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho addressed the OECD Council of Ambassadors and met with senior OECD officials to discuss ways to boost productivity, improve skills and create jobs, and the role of the state in supporting inclusive growth.

Thu, 09 May 2013 18:19:00 GMT

Australia: Can deliver a growing aid budget effectively and efficiently

Australia delivered USD 5.44 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.36% of its gross national income. It is the eighth most generous country in the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors. Australia’s goal is to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2017 – a goal the DAC encourages it to follow through on, given its good track record and relatively strong economy.

Mon, 06 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Korea should boost support for laid-off workers

Korea should strengthen its social safety net and improve support for laid-off workers to help them find a new job more quickly, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 18:04:00 GMT

Italia: il nuovo Governo deve proseguire sulla scia delle recenti riforme

L'Italia ha compiuto notevoli progressi rafforzando le finanze pubbliche e adottando una vasta serie di riforme destinate ad incoraggiare la crescita economica. Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell'OCSE, il nuovo Governo deve garantire il rafforzamento di tali progressi e il perseguimento della medesima strada.

Thu, 02 May 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Belgium launches Tuesday 7 May 2013 in Brussels

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Belgium, to be published on Tuesday 7 May 2013, looks at the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis and actions that can help it boost growth and create jobs.

Thu, 02 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Italy: New government must build on recent reforms

Italy has made considerable progress in strengthening its public finances and adopting wide-ranging reforms to boost economic growth. The new government must build on past achievements and ensure that they are sustained and reinforced, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

The OECD awards first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows for education quality and equity

The OECD has named four researchers as the first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows: João Galvão Bacchetto, of Brazil; Przemysław Biecek of Poland; Gabriela Miranda Moriconi of Brazil; and William Schmidt of the United States.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Увеличение вложений в инфраструктуру и инновации поможет значительно расширить аграрный сектор Казахстана, согласно ОЭСР

Повышение конкурентоспособности казахстанского аграрного сектора, как часть более широкой задачи диверсификации национальной экономики, требует увеличения инвестиций в транспортную инфраструктуру, аграрную науку, развитие систем безопасности продовольствия, говорится в только что опубликованном обзоре ОЭСР.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan can boost farm sector with investment in infrastructure and innovation, says OECD

Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of Italy – Thursday 2 May 2013, Rome

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Italy, to be published on Thursday 2 May 2013, looks at the challenges facing the new government and at the steps which need to be taken to strengthen public finances, boost growth and reduce unemployment.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 17:31:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Reforms essential to make Ireland’s pension system fairer

Ireland should make its pension system simpler and fairer so that everyone gets sufficient income for a decent standard of living in retirement, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Japan is poised for expansion but must curb government debt

Japan is poised for an economic expansion, but long-term growth prospects remain contingent on additional efforts to revitalise the economy and reduce unsustainable levels of public debt, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Financing small business: a key to economic recovery

Access to finance remains a key challenge for small and medium-sized enterprises and a stumbling block to recovery in most countries, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:55:00 GMT

OECD reports new developments in tax information exchange

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria has presented a report to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors that highlights measures to ensure that all taxpayers pay their fair share.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:30:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Japan launches Tuesday 23 April 2013 in Tokyo

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan, to be published on Tuesday 23 April 2013, discusses how the country can best meet the challenges of restoring public finances and boosting growth.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Denmark: good hospitals but primary health care must improve

The Danish central government and regions are leading international efforts to reform hospital systems, improving quality and safety by gathering specialists into major hospitals and closing smaller ones.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Strengthen evaluation to improve student learning, says OECD

Education systems around the world are increasingly measuring the performance of teachers and schools as part of their drive to help students do better and improve results. Rising demand for higher education standards and a trend towards greater school autonomy in some countries are among the factors behind this new focus, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 16:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency shifts focus to effectiveness of information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes (referred to as "the Global Forum"), has released its peer review reports for Belize, Finland, Iceland, Nauru, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and Turkey.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Malaysia joins OECD agreement on mutual acceptance of chemical safety data

Malaysia has joined the OECD system for the Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) in the Assessment of Chemicals, ensuring that its non-clinical safety data related to the protection of human health and the environment will be accepted by all 40 countries adhering to MAD.

Wed, 10 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Slovenia to be released Tuesday 9 April 2013

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Slovenia – to be published on Tuesday 9 April 2013 - looks at the action needed to pull the country out of recession and tackle the banking crisis. It also looks at improving public finances and strengthening growth over the long term.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 14:43:00 GMT

Costa Rica refuerza la transparencia fiscal

Costa Rica ha depositado su instrumento de ratificación del Convenio sobre asistencia administrativa mutua en el ámbito de la fiscalidad, el acuerdo multilateral más amplio que existe en lo referente a cooperación fiscal e intercambio de información.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica strengthens tax transparency

Rica has deposited its instrument of ratification of the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, the most comprehensive multilateral agreement available for tax-cooperation and exchange of information.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Aid to poor countries slips further as governments tighten budgets

Development aid fell by 4% in real terms in 2012, following a 2% fall in 2011. The continuing financial crisis and euro zone turmoil has led several governments to tighten their budgets, which has had a direct impact on aid to poor countries. There is also a noticeable shift in aid away from the poorest countries and towards middle-income countries. A moderate recovery in aid levels is expected in 2013.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 April 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.8% in the year to February 2013, compared with 1.7% in the year to January 2013. This slight increase in the annual rate of inflation masks opposing movements in energy and food prices.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy is improving but Europe lags behind, says OECD

Global economic activity is picking up, but the continuing crisis in the euro area is delaying a meaningful recovery, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income in OECD countries continue to rise

New data show that across OECD countries the average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased by 0.1 of a percentage point to 35.6 per cent in 2012. It increased in 19 out of 34 countries, fell in 14, and remained unchanged in 1.

Tue, 26 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

2013 Global Forum on Development 4-5 April 2013

The OECD’s annual Global Development Forum will focus on ways to reduce poverty and promote social cohesion.OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, with Olusengun Obasanjo, the former President of Nigeria, will open the Forum at 13:00 on Thursday 4 April. They will be joined by the Chair of the Development Assistance Committeee, Eric Solheim.

Mon, 25 Mar 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Ireland: Boosting local jobs and growth – international experts meet in Dublin and Kilkenny

Cutting unemployment and fostering new sources of economic growth will be the focus of an international meeting of local development experts and practitioners in Dublin and Kilkenny on the 26 and 27 March 2013.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Speeding up reforms will foster more inclusive and greener growth in China

China has made tremendous progress toward achieving inclusive growth, but major reforms are needed to ensure a fourth decade of rapidly converging living standards and a greener economy, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:09:00 GMT

Regrettably low awareness in the private sector is an obstacle to the fight against foreign bribery in the Czech Republic

The Czech government must urgently engage with the private sector to raise awareness, says a new OECD report. The awareness of the Czech foreign bribery offence remains regrettably low among companies, despite the recent adoption of a comprehensive corporate liability regime that holds Czech companies liable for this crime.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 16:09:00 GMT

Denmark must investigate foreign bribery more proactively

Denmark’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been weak. Only 13 foreign bribery allegations have surfaced, and sanctions have been imposed in just one case that falls under the Convention. Law enforcement authorities have not been sufficiently proactive, and cases have been prematurely closed without complete investigations. Denmark must take more investigative steps and make greater efforts to gather evidence from abroad.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 15:58:00 GMT

经合组织称加快改革进程必将促进中国经济增长更加包容更加绿色

经合组织最新一期的《中国经济调查》指出,尽管中国在实现包容性增长方面成效显著,但为确保第四个十年更快地向更高生活水平靠拢,并使经济更加“绿色”,中国仍需采取重大措施深入改革。

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD releases first comprehensive guidelines on measuring subjective well-being

The OECD has taken a major step forward in measuring how we feel about our lives.Newly released Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being establish the first comprehensive framework for internationally comparable and intellectually robust data on this topic.

Wed, 20 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazil: better co-ordination needed to support sustained and equitable growth

Brazil’s economic growth has been supported in recent years by important government investment and social programmes that mobilise resources across the country. These programmes could help Brazil to meet its goals of sustaining economic growth and fostering social development, while reducing regional disparities.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Brasil: é preciso melhorar a coordenação para apoiar o crescimento sustentado e equitativo

Nos últimos anos, o crescimento econômico do Brasil teve o apoio de importantes investimentos e programas sociais do governo, que mobilizaram recursos em todo o país. Esses programas podem ajudar o Brasil a atingir seus objetivos de crescimento econômico sustentado e promover o desenvolvimento social, reduzindo as disparidades regionais.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Secretary-General’s official visit to China (21st - 26th March 2013)

The Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, was in Beijing to attend the China Development Forum, to present the third OECD economic survey of China and to hold bilateral meetings with key representatives of China's authorities, business and academic world.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 15:05:00 GMT

France must do more to boost competitiveness and create jobs

France has avoided the most severe impacts of the global economic crisis and turmoil in the euro area, but must now take action to boost competitiveness and create jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of China launches Friday 22 March 2013 in Beijing

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China, to be published on Friday 22 March 2013, discusses the rapid expansion of the Chinese economy in recent years and its resilience to the turbulent international environment.

Fri, 15 Mar 2013 12:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of France launches Tuesday 19 March 2013 in Paris

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France, to be published on Tuesday 19 March 2013, discusses policies to relaunch the French economy, restore public finances and address the long-term challenges facing the country.

Thu, 14 Mar 2013 16:28:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Norway should reform its welfare system to help people with mental health issues stay in work

Norway should overhaul its approach to mental health issues in the workplace in order to help more people find a job or stay in work, and cut high and rising public spending, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 17:35:00 GMT

Sweden: Tackling mental health problems is critical to boosting job prospects of young Swedes

Sweden should make greater efforts to prevent and address mental health problems among people under the age of 30, in order to boost their job prospects and reduce government spending on health care and out-of-work benefits, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

South Africa: Progress made but step up economic reforms to achieve full potential

South Africa must step up efforts to foster strong, inclusive economic growth that creates jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa. Priorities include a growth-enhancing macroeconomic policy-mix, and better implementation of structural reforms, notably to improve education.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:43:00 GMT

La ripresa post disastro quale opportunità di cambiamento, secondo l’OCSE

Prendendo ad esempio l’Abruzzo, il cui capoluogo, L’Aquila, è stato distrutto da un terremoto quattro anni fà, un nuovo rapporto dell’OCSE raccomanda una serie di misure volte ad accelerare la ripresa delle regioni colpite da catastrofi naturali, rendendole più attrattive per residenti, turisti e investitori.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Recovering from disaster can be an opportunity for change, says OECD

Through the example of Abruzzo, whose capital L’Aquila was destroyed by an earthquake four years ago, a new OECD report recommends policies that can speed the recovery of regions hit by natural disasters, making them more attractive to residents, tourists and investors.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to assist Tunisia in investment reform and infrastructure projects

The OECD, together with the African Development Bank and International Finance Corporation, will assist the Tunisian authorities in implementing a new law on public-private partnerships(PPPs)and a new investment code in order to increase transparency, openness and predictability for investors.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 11:44:00 GMT

OECD government borrowing set to rise slightly in 2013

The gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are projected to increase slightly to around USD 10.9 trillion in 2013, up from the already high level of USD 10.8 trillion in 2012, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho as new members

Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 119th and 120th members of the Global Forum, they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of South Africa launches Monday 4 March 2013 in Pretoria

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa, to be published on Monday 4 March 2013, discusses advances in recent years toward a range of economic and social objectives, as well as further actions needed to achieve the country’s full potential.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 17:27:00 GMT

OECD urges countries to harmonise clinical trial regulations to boost medical research and save lives

Increasingly complex and inconsistent clinical trial regulations are causing delays, raising costs and leading to a decline in the number of international trials conducted by academics for non-commerical purposes.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Labour market reforms in Denmark must tackle mental health issues

Ongoing reforms of Denmark’s disability benefits and flexjobs are promising, but a stronger focus on helping people with their mental health issues is needed for the reforms to contribute to a sustainable decline in the high rate of unemployment, according to a new OECD report. Past labour market reforms failed because underlying mental health problems of the jobless remained unaddressed.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 11:48:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Denmark to launch on 25 February 2013 in Copenhagen

The OECD will present its first-ever review of mental health and work challenges in Denmark during a seminar open to media in Copenhagen on Monday 25 February 2013.

Wed, 20 Feb 2013 15:22:00 GMT

«Структурые реформы как никогда ранее важны для уверенного и сбалансированного восстановления экономики», - утверждает ОЭСР

Согласно последнему докладу ОЭСР «На пути к росту» структурные реформы являются для государств мощным инструментом для форсирования экономического роста, создания рабочих мест, и обеспечения быстрого восстановления баланса в экономике.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Structural reforms more important than ever for a strong and balanced economic recovery

Structural reforms offer governments a powerful tool to boost economic growth, create jobs and bring about a strong and balanced economic recovery, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

OECD urges stronger international co-operation on corporate tax

Global solutions are needed to ensure that tax systems do not unduly profit multinational enterprises, leaving citizens and small businesses with bigger tax bills.

Tue, 12 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD releases system to reduce compliance cost and facilitate cross-border investment

The amount of cross border portfolio investment exceeds 35 trillion USD. To encourage growth and cross-border investment more than 3000 tax treaties around the world based on the OECD Model reduce source taxation on a reciprocal basis.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Выпуск в свет доклада ОЭСР «На пути к росту 2013»: пресс-конференция 15 февраля в 14.30 в Москве

ОЭСР представит новый выпуск первостепенного экономического доклада «На пути к росту» в пятницу 15 февраля.

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Release of OECD’s Going for Growth 2013: News Briefing on Friday 15 February at 14:30 p.m. in Moscow

The OECD will present the 2013 edition of its flagship economic policy publication Going for Growth on Friday 15 February. This year’s report, which launches on the eve of the G20 finance ministers’ meeting in Moscow, identifies and assesses progress countries have made on key reforms that can help their economies rebound from the global economic crisis

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:23:00 GMT

OECD Conference on Growth, Innovation and Competitiveness - 13-14 February 2013 – Open to media

Some developed economies now invest more in ideas, skills, software and research and development than in physical capital like machines and buildings. This shift towards knowledge-based capital creates new challenges for governments and business in areas ranging from tax policies and the protection of intellectual property rights to boosting investment in ideas and data.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 17:53:00 GMT

UK: Boosting growth and tackling inequality are key to recovery

Britain must continue to pursue pro-growth, as well as inequality-reducing structural reforms in order to recover from the nation’s deepest recession in nearly a century, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Korea must strengthen social cohesion to boost growth and equity, says OECD

Korea should build on its strong economy and well-educated workforce to meet the challenges of a fast-ageing population and to tackle rising income inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Feb 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Labour migration: Germany is open to graduates but immigration is difficult for medium-skilled workers

Germany is one of the OECD countries with the lowest barriers to immigration for high-skilled workers. However, long-term labour migration is low in comparison with other countries.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Las perspectivas económicas de Colombia son favorables, pero sigue habiendo grandes desafíos, dice la OCDE

Según la última Evaluación económica de Colombia de la OCDE, la economía colombiana es vigorosa y las perspectivas son favorables, pero el país debe esforzarse por lograr que la actual prosperidad debida a las materias primas contribuya al crecimiento sostenible e inclusivo a largo plazo.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

Colombia's economic outlook is strong, but deep challenges remain, OECD says

The Colombian economy is strong and the outlook is promising, but the country must do more to ensure that the ongoing commodities boom contributes to sustainable and inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Assessment of Colombia.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of UK Wednesday 6 February 2013 in London

The OECD’s latest economic survey of the United Kingdom, to be published on Wednesday 6 February 2013, looks at some of the major policy challenges facing the country including recovering from recession, boosting growth and reducing inequality.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

OECD report on Social Cohesion in Korea to launch Tuesday 5 February 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will launch a report on social cohesion at an 11.00 a.m. news conference in Korea on Tuesday 5 February 2013.

Wed, 30 Jan 2013 16:50:00 GMT

Korea: a growing influence in the field of development co-operation

An aid recipient less than two decades ago, Korea is now a donor and sharing its experience of how to use development co-operation as a catalyst to promote long-term sustainable growth in other countries.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 16:22:00 GMT

België moet geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen op het werk proactiever aanpakken, zegt de OESO

Belgische bedrijven, ziekenfondsen en arbeidsbemiddelingsdiensten dienen proactiever te zijn om mensen met geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen te helpen aan het werk te blijven of een baan te vinden, volgens een nieuw OESO-rapport.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

Belgium should be more proactive in tackling mental health issues in the workplace, says OECD

Belgian companies, mutualities and employment services should be more proactive in helping people with mental health problems stay in the workplace or find a job, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:03:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Eventos de la OCDE en Colombia

Presentación de la Evaluación Económica, jueves 31 de enero de 2013 en BogotáSeminario sobre la Economía de Colombia, 1 de febrero en la Universidad de los Andes

Thu, 24 Jan 2013 18:30:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

Tue, 22 Jan 2013 13:17:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

BLI Brochure Russian Version

BLI Brochure Russian Version

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:21:00 GMT

OECD to launch Russian version of its Better Life Index at the Gaidar Forum

The OECD will participate in the Gaidar Forum in Moscow 16-19 January and will launch the Russian version of its award-winning Better Life Index [http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/ru/].

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:07:00 GMT

OECD Announces Winner of Global Data Visualisation Competition

The OECD today announced the winner of its first-ever global data visualisation challenge.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland should reform funding for professional education and training

Switzerland should reform its funding arrangements for professional education and training system by implementing a new intercantonal funding agreement, and piloting additional funding measures, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 11:34:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

México debe mejorar su gobernabilidad, financiamiento y regulación del agua, dice el Secretario General de la OCDE, Angel Gurría

México enfrenta grandes desafíos en materia de gestión de agua. Para empezar, las cuencas hidrológicas padecen un grave estrés hídrico; la calidad de los ríos, lagos y acuíferos está disminuyendo; mientras que las inundaciones, sequías y huracanes son cada vez más frecuentes.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 17:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by absence of foreign bribery convictions in Spain

Spain’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with not a single prosecution out of only seven investigations in 13 years since joining the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Spain must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and strengthen its legal framework for fighting bribery by addressing gaps in its Penal Code, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:40:00 GMT

Netherlands must significantly step up its foreign bribery enforcement, says OECD

The Netherlands is failing to vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and must do more to enforce its foreign bribery laws. Fourteen out of 22 foreign bribery allegations have not triggered the opening of an investigation, calling into question the Netherlands’ ability and proactivity in investigating and prosecuting this crime.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:27:00 GMT

Austria’s enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak, but could pick up soon says OECD

The OECD Working Group on Bribery regrets that Austria has not had a conviction of bribing foreign public officials despite a number of allegations, 13 years after ratifying the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. However, enforcement appears to be picking up, with one case being tried, two more cases soon to be tried, and four ongoing investigations.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Gesetze gegen Auslandsbestechung in Österreich unzureichend umgesetzt – OECD setzt auf baldige Verbesserung

Die OECD-Arbeitsgruppe gegen Bestechung bedauert, dass in Österreich bisher noch kein Urteil wegen der Bestechung von ausländischen Amtsträgern ergangen ist, obwohl seit der Ratifizierung des entsprechenden OECD-Übereinkommens vor 13 Jahren eine Reihe von Vorwürfen vorlag.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Media Alert: Trade events at the OECD on 16-17 January 2013

OECD and WTO to present new approach for measuring global trade10.00 – 11.00 a.m. 16 January 2013, OECD Conference Centre, Paris

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Lack of support for motherhood hurting women’s career prospects, despite gains in education and employment, says OECD

Progress has been made in narrowing the gender gap in pay, especially in employment, over the past decade but much remains to be done in many countries. Women pay a high price for motherhood, with steep childcare costs and taxes deterring many from working more, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 17 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Competitiveness of the port-city of Marseille-Fos

Wednesday 19 December, 14:00-16:002nd floor of J1 Hangar - IFEP officeClose to the port of Marseille office, place de la Joliette, Marseille

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 12:28:00 GMT

Australia is in a strong position, but must adapt to take full advantage of rising Asia, OECD says

The Australian economy is robust and faces a solid short-term outlook, but it must continue adapting to ensure that its privileged place in the Asia-Pacific region contributes to long-term sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Australia.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:25:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Sweden launches Monday 17 December 2012 in Stockholm

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Sweden, to be published on Monday 17 December 2012, discusses the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis as well as its capacity to cope with further external shocks, notably those posed by the continuing crisis in the euro area.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Colombia se adhiere a la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho

El 19 de enero de 2013 Colombia se convertirá en el 40º estado en formar parte en la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 17:00:00 GMT

Colombia joins OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Colombia will become the 40th Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 19 January 2013.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Greater gender equality essential for economic recovery

New evidence showing how gender equality is essential for a fairer society and stronger global economy, will be presented by the OECD at a Gender Forum in Paris on 17 December 2012.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 14:39:00 GMT

Australia’s unique approach to helping the unemployed has delivered good results but challenges remain, says OECD

Australia’s labour market reforms over the past 15 years have boosted employment and cut welfare benefit dependency.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 05:00:00 GMT

OECD Events in Australia

The OECD will launch two new publications in Australia next week: a Review of Labour Market Policies and an Economic survey.

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:22:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee Statement

OECD Steel Committee Statement

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Luxembourg launches Thursday 13 December 2012

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Luxembourg, to be published on Thursday 13 December 2012, discusses how the country’s finance-driven economy has weathered the global economic crisis.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 16:06:00 GMT

Ministers pledge to finance effective development

Development ministers from OECD and emerging economies met in London 4 - 5 December for the High Level Meeting of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee(DAC).

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 12:33:00 GMT

Growth, skills and education are the keys to inclusive regional development, says OECD

Vibrant and dynamic urban centers are among the main drivers of national growth and employment, but OECD’s new report Promoting Growth in All Regions highlights that even less wealthy regions have the potential to bolster stronger, greener, and more inclusive economies.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic remains strong, but it needs to become more inclusive, OECD says

The Slovak Republic recovered strongly from the global economic crisis and is weathering well the storm that has struck its main European trading partners. The challenges going forward will be restoring public finances while driving down unemployment and fostering long-term inclusive growth, says the latest Economic Survey.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 09:45:00 GMT

Guatemala, plenamente comprometida con el intercambio internacional de información fiscal

Guatemala ha firmado la Convención sobre Asistencia Administrativa Mutua en Materia Fiscal, lo que permite su exclusión de la lista de países que todavía no han implementado sustancialmente la norma fiscal internacional

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 17:51:00 GMT

Brazil: Enhancing audit reporting is key to the integrity of government accounts

Brazil’s supreme audit institution – the Federal Court of Accounts (TCU) – has began a process to reform its audit of the Accounts of the President of the Republic to enhance transparency and accountability of federal budget execution.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 15:31:00 GMT

Guatemala: commits to international exchange of tax information

Guatemala has signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters allowing it to be removed from the list of countries that have not yet substantially implemented the internationally agreed tax standard.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 12:00:00 GMT

Luxembourg: a generous aid donor

Luxembourg allocated 0.97% of its gross national income, or USD 413 million, to official development assistance in 2011.“Luxembourg is the Development Assistance Committee’ s third most generous donor as a portion of its economy – after Sweden and Norway – and it has a high quality programme” says Brian Atwood, Chair of the DAC. “We commend Luxembourg’s commitment to keeping its ODA at 1% of GNI until 2014”.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Progress made on immigrant integration but more efforts needed on education and jobs, finds OECD

OECD countries have made much progress over the past decade in helping immigrants integrate in society. But much remains to be done, notably in improving how well immigrant children do at school and in finding work, and in immigrant women’s access to employment, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Spain has embarked on the path to recovery, but must continue with reforms, OECD says

Spain is immersed in a prolonged recession that has been compounded by the continuing crisis in the euro area. The path to recovery has been launched, but will require full implementation of reforms and some additional measures to restore confidence in the financial sector, redress public finances and bring down high unemployment, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 13:30:00 GMT

Global economy facing hesitant and uneven recovery, says OECD

The global economy is expected to make a hesitant and uneven recovery over the coming two years. Decisive policy action is needed to ensure that stalemate over fiscal policy in the United States and continuing euro area instability do not plunge the world back into recession, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Asia/Pacific region: Improving the quality of its healthcare

Though the rate of public spending on healthcare in the Asia/Pacific region is still well below the OECD average, countries there are committing more resources to improving health care quality.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:00:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Responding to the crisis: what are OECD countries doing to strengthen their public finances?

OECD countries are intensifying their fiscal consolidation efforts, introducing additional measures and extending the time horizon to implement them. Most have announced fiscal consolidation of more than 3% of GDP over the period 2009-15, according to the OECD’s Restoring Public Finances 2012.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Agua en América Latina y el Caribe: Mejor gobernabilidad puede mejorar el acceso, dice la OCDE

En países latinoamericanos, la población crece a un ritmo mayor que el promedio mundial, lo cual intensifica el uso de la tierra y aumenta la urbanización. La región también es propensa a los impactos negativos del cambio climático y de los desastres naturales.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:24:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released Tuesday 27 November 2012

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major world economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (10.00 GMT) on Tuesday 27 November 2012.

Tue, 20 Nov 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Nuevas políticas para PYMES se requieren para impulsar el crecimiento en América Latina, según la OCDE y la CEPAL

Aunque las perspectivas permanecen relativamente positivas, están sujetas a la incertidumbre y volatilidad del contexto externo, por lo que los gobiernos de América Latina deben actuar ahora para fortalecer el crecimiento y desarrollo de la región y contrarrestar estos riesgos, señala el informe Perspectivas económicas de América Latina 2013 producido conjuntamente por el Centro de Desarrollo de la OCDE y la CEPAL.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 17:48:00 GMT

Health spending in Europe falls for the first time in decades

Health spending fell across the European Union in 2010, as cash-strapped governments curbed outlays to help cut budgetary deficits, according to Health at a Glance: Europe 2012, a new joint report by the OECD and the European Commission.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 11:01:00 GMT

New SME policies needed to boost Latin America's growth, say OECD and ECLAC

Latin American governments must act now to strengthen growth and development and counter these risks, according to the 2013 Latin American Economic Outlook, jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre and ECLAC.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Public social spending rising in most OECD countries

Public social spending has increased to 22% of GDP on average across the OECD in 2012, up from 19% in 2007. Rising spending-to-GDP ratios are due to a combination of governments increasing expenditure on social supports as unemployment and income support benefits but also because of GDP stagnating or declining in many countries.

Thu, 15 Nov 2012 18:07:00 GMT

Global Forum on Public Governance: Better Governance for Inclusive Growth

The financial and economic crises demonstrate that most governments need to change the way they run their countries. Though some have a better track record of reform than others, all can do more to create inclusive, open and responsible governance that can reduce inequality and promote economic growth.

Wed, 14 Nov 2012 14:30:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues are rising, but still low and varied among countries

Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 15:20:00 GMT

Health: men faring worse than women in hospitalisations for diabetes

New OECD data show that men are more likely to be admitted to hospital as a result of poor management of diabetes than women, even when there are no significant differences in the number of men and women living with diabetes.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 11:12:00 GMT

Balance of economic power will shift dramatically over the next 50 years, says OECD

The balance of economic power is expected to shift dramatically over the next half century, with fast-growing emerging-market economies accounting for an ever-increasing share of global output, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 09 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

G20 ministers welcome OECD disaster risk assessment and financing framework

G20 Finance Ministers have welcomed a new OECD/G20 framework designed to help governments develop financial strategies for disaster risk management.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 11:02:00 GMT

Development: Finland should not back-track on its aid commitments, says OECD

Finland is making efforts to improve its development co-operation, sharpening the focus of its efforts and emphasising the importance of human rights.

Tue, 06 Nov 2012 17:09:00 GMT

OECD improves tool to predict the hazards of chemicals

Governments and the chemical industry spend millions of dollars every year testing the safety of chemicals that people use in their everyday lives. Computer modelling, through the OECD-designed QSAR Toolbox software, now replaces many of the tests traditionally done in the laboratory. This allows regulators and industry to save money and use fewer animals to predict the hazardous properties of chemicals.

Mon, 05 Nov 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Investment: G20 governments must step up efforts to resist protectionism, says OECD, WTO, UNCTAD report

The OECD, WTO and UNCTAD have called on G20 governments to step up efforts to resist protectionism in the face of continuing high unemployment and a weak economic recovery.

Wed, 31 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD on Monday 29th October.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency welcomes new members and reviews 12 countries

At the Global Forum in Cape Town, South Africa, delegates from 81 jurisdictions and 11 international organisations evaluated whether all Forum members are exchanging tax information effectively.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 09:53:00 GMT

OECD and ATAF strengthen tax co-operation with Africa

The OECD and the African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF) have signed a Memorandum of Co-operation, agreeing to work together to improve tax systems in Africa.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 16:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by lack of foreign bribery convictions, but encouraged by recent efforts by the Australian Federal Police

Australia’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with just a single case leading to prosecutions out of 28 referrals in 13 years. Cases may have been closed prematurely. Australia must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Tax: Revenues rising slowly across the OECD

In most OECD countries tax revenues are continuing to rise in relation to GDP from the 2008-09 declines seen at the beginning of the crisis, according to OECD’s annual Revenue Statistics. OECD countries collected about 34.0% of GDP in taxes in 2011, compared with 33.8% in 2010.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned at lack of foreign bribery convictions in France, but recognises recent efforts to ensure independence of prosecutors

France should intensify its efforts to combat the bribery of foreign public officials. Only five convictions – of which one, under appeal, involves a company – have been handed down in twelve years.

Tue, 23 Oct 2012 13:33:00 GMT

Measuring well-being needs to be at the heart of policy-making, says OECD World Forum

A major step forward towards putting the measurement of well-being at the heart of policy-making was taken at a four-day international conference which ended in New Delhi today.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 16:05:00 GMT

OECD launches online portal to boost product safety

The OECD has launched an online portal to give consumers, businesses and governments quick and easy access to the latest information on products recalled from the market in Australia, Canada, Europe and the United States.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mexico: President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto visit to the OECD

On October 18, Mexican President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto ended his European tour with a visit to OECD headquarters in Paris where he delivered a keynote address on Mexico’s challenges and its role in a changing global landscape, followed by a press conference with the Secretary-General.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 09:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Burkina Faso and Cameroon as new members

Burkina Faso and Cameroon have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As 112th and 113th members of the Global Forum they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 17:35:00 GMT

OECD news conference to launch global product recall portal, Friday 19 October 2012, Brussels

The OECD will host a news conference to launch its new global portal on product recalls during the International Product Safety Week 2012 at 11.00 AM on Friday 19 October at the Charlemagne Building, rue de la Loi 170, 1040 Brussels.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 10:42:00 GMT

Israel: excellent primary health care, but hospitals must improve

Israel has world class-primary care services and should now focus efforts on bringing its hospitals up to the same high international standards, according to the OECD’s Health Care Quality Review of Israel.

Sun, 14 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

OECD World Forum in New Delhi - News briefingTuesday 16 October 2012

Assessing the progress and failings of our societies requires a far broader set of measures than just economic indicators. This is why international experts, NGO representatives and politicians in fields as diverse as the environment, development, health, education, business and social affairs will be meeting in New Delhi from 16-19 October 2012.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Indonesia can boost food security through investment, trade and subsidy reform, says OECD

Indonesia can improve national food security by facilitating greater investment in agriculture, opening agri-food markets to greater international trade, reforming input subsidies and food aid schemes and moving away from self-sufficiency policy objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 10 Oct 2012 05:00:00 GMT

Middle East and North Africa : Boosting support for women’s entrepreneurship will pay off in jobs and growth, says OECD

Governments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) should create urgently needed jobs for the 2.5 million people entering the labour market each year and improve their policies to encourage women’s entrepreneurship in order to reduce structural unemployment, says a new OECD report.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:21:00 GMT

IT sector booms during downturn, says OECD

Internet firms continue to drive growth and job creation in the IT industry, with fast-rising demand for mobile services helping to boost revenue and investment in research and development, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 11:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Pakistan as new member

Pakistan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 111th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 14:32:00 GMT

Estonia must reform to ward against boom/bust cycles, OECD says

Estonia recovered forcefully from the global economic crisis but growth has since slowed, highlighting the need for further reforms that reduce exposure to external shocks and ensure against future boom/bust cycles, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Estonia.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 09:28:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes budget proposal and economic reforms announced by the Spanish Government

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes the Spanish government's budget and the economic policy measures announced yesterday.

Fri, 28 Sep 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 at Budapest Conference on Cyberspace, Thursday 4 October 2012

Cyber attacks on business, governments and infrastructure are rising fast, costing the global economy billions of dollars each year. Boosting international co-operation to strengthen internet governance and ensure the continuing free flow of information over the Internet is essential.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 18:33:00 GMT

Indonesia should improve governance, productivity and tax collection to promote inclusive growth

Indonesia has improved its macro-economic and structural policies over the last 15 years. Its economy, with strong and stable growth rates of 5–6.6%, is catching up with other countries in the region and allowing Indonesia to focus on its development agenda.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Economy: OECD’s Gurría urges Italy to maintain reform momentum

Italy has made a major effort to speed up long-overdue economic reforms but it is now essential to maintain the momentum, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today in Rome.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Economia: Il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE raccomanda all'Italia di proseguire con le riforme

L'Italia ha fatto enormi sforzi per accelerare le riforme economiche che dovevano essere attuate da lungo tempo, ma è oggi essenziale proseguire su questa via, ha affermato oggi il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Pension fund assets at record high but investment returns negative in 2011, says OECD

Pension fund assets in OECD countries hit a record USD 20.1 trillion in 2011 but return on investment fell below zero, with an average negative return of -1.7%s, according to the OECD’s latest Pension Markets in Focus. The report says that weak equity markets and low interest rates drove the poor performance.

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 10:50:00 GMT

News conference to report on Indonesia’s economy and regulatory system

Launch of the Economic Survey of Indonesia and Review of Regulatory Reforms

Thu, 20 Sep 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Italy: Gurría and Monti to address Rome conference on competitiveness, growth and jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti will address a major conference on structural reform in Italy on Monday 24 September at the Sala Polifunzionale of the Presidenza del Consiglio in Rome.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:46:00 GMT

Agriculture : Support to agriculture at historic lows, says OECD

Government support to agriculture in OECD countries fell to 19% of total farm receipts in 2011, a record low driven by developments in international commodity markets, rather than by explicit policy changes, according to the report Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Economic crisis and weak outlook hit R&D, says OECD

Business spending on research and development has been hit hard by the economic crisis, with nearly all OECD countries seeing a fall in investment which could impact innovation and long-term growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012 to launch 19 September 2012 in Brussels and Washington, DC

The OECD will present its latest estimates of public support to agriculture during seminars in Brussels and Washington DC on 19 September 2012.

Wed, 12 Sep 2012 15:14:00 GMT

Education spending rising but access to higher education remains unequal in most countries, says OECD

Governments should increase investment in early childhood programmes and maintain reasonable costs for higher education in order to reduce inequality, boost social mobility and improve people’s employment prospects, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Economy: European recession slowing global economy, says OECD

The global economy has slowed, with key European countries entering a recession that is now impacting worldwide, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.Interim Economic Assessment

Thu, 06 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: OECD calls for reform of postsecondary vocational education and training in Denmark

Denmark should build on the strengths of its vocational and educational training programme to ensure that young people enter the labour market with the skills companies need and to meet the national goal of having 60% of young people enter higher education by 2020, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea should improve its vocational education programmes, says OECD

Korea should reform its vocational education and training programmes to ensure that students leave college with the skills and expertise that companies need in today’s rapidly changing labour market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 09:30:00 GMT

Education: OECD’s Education at a Glance 2012 to be published Tuesday 11 September

The 2012 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 11 September 2012. Education at a Glance is the leading international compendium of comparable national statistics measuring the state of education worldwide.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Tax: OECD welcomes multilateral efforts to improve international tax compliance and transparency

The OECD welcomed today a new model international tax agreement designed to improve cross-border tax compliance and boost transparency.

Thu, 26 Jul 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland tops fixed broadband ranking, while Korea leads in wireless broadband

Switzerland tops for the first time the OECD fixed broadband ranking, with 39.9 subscribers per 100 inhabitants, followed closely by the Netherlands (39.1) and Denmark (37.9). The OECD average is 25.6, according to new OECD statistics.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:30:00 GMT

Tax: OECD updates OECD Model Tax Convention to extend information requests to groups

The OECD has updated Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention, which sets out the international standard on exchange of information. The standard provides for information exchange on request, where the information is “foreseeably relevant” for the administration of the taxes of the requesting party, regardless of bank secrecy and a domestic tax interest.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum welcomes Kazakhstan as new member

Kazakhstan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 110th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 11 Jul 2012 11:58:00 GMT

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 18:15:00 GMT

Tax: Ghana Signs Tax Cooperation Agreement

Ghana has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD. Ghana is the second African country, after South Africa, to sign the Convention since it was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Effective management and incentives can rebuild fisheries sector, says OECD at EXPO 2012

Governments looking to boost their fisheries sector should review their policies to create incentives for economically and environmentally sustainable fisheries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 09 Jul 2012 06:30:00 GMT

Agriculture: Increased productivity and a more sustainable food system will improve global food security OECD and FAO publish new Agricultural Outlook

Food commodity prices are anticipated to remain on a higher plateau over the next decade, underpinned by firm demand but a slowing growth in global production, according to the latest OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2012-2021.

Wed, 04 Jul 2012 15:09:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Health: Growth in health spending grinds to a halt

Growth in health spending slowed or fell in real terms in 2010 in almost all OECD countries, reversing a long-term trend of rapid increases, according to OECD Health Data 2012.

Fri, 29 Jun 2012 11:36:00 GMT

Economy: The United States needs to foster education and innovation to keep its cutting edge

The United States should do more to foster innovation and provide more equitable access to high-quality education in order to maintain its status as the world's most vibrant and productive economy, according to OECD's latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Wed, 27 Jun 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Green innovation in tourism can trigger major economic, social and environmental benefits

Tourism experts from international organisations, United Nations agencies and the tourism public and private sector have outlined how green innovation in tourism can drive sustainable

Mon, 25 Jun 2012 14:19:00 GMT

Sweden's enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak

More than twelve years after making foreign bribery a crime, Sweden needs to make much greater efforts to actively enforce its anti-bribery legislation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Jun 2012 18:30:00 GMT

Slovak Republic must urgently introduce effective legislation holding companies liable for foreign bribery, says OECD

20/06/2012 - The Slovak Republic must urgently meet its obligations under the Convention it signed 12 years ago and introduce an effective corporate liability regime so that Slovak companies are held accountable for the bribery of foreign public officials in cross-border business deals, says a new OECD report.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: Joining forces to fight financial crime and illicit activities

Financial crimes, including corruption, tax fraud and money laundering, are a threat to all countries, both developing and developed. The sums are vast. Estimates have put total proceeds from all illicit activities at 3.6% of global GDP.

Fri, 15 Jun 2012 17:29:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 16:45:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2012, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew 0.8% in the first quarter of 2012 compared with 0.7% in the fourth quarter of 2011, according to preliminary estimates. This small pick-up in aggregate G20 GDP growth still masks diverging patterns among the world's largest economies however.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: Compact cities: the way of the future

Governments faced with growing populations and dwindling natural rescources have two choices: they can let urban sprawl continue to eat up useful land or they can plan compact cities that will be good for the economy and the environment.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: G20 collaboration to improve agriculture productivity growth is key to feeding 9 billion people

G20 governments under successive Presidencies have sought to improve international collaboration in support of a more productive and sustainable global food and agriculture system.

Tue, 12 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Raising retirement ages and expanding private pension coverage essential, says OECD

Governments will need to raise retirement ages gradually to address increasing life expectancy in order to ensure that their national pension systems are both affordable and adequate, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, June 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend continue to point to divergence between economies.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Promote entrepreneurship to exit the crisis, OECD says

Start-up rates in most countries are edging back toward their pre-crisis levels, but not all countries have seen significant acceleration in new businesses, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 countries should rely on open markets to reboot global growth

G20 governments should prevent further deterioration in their collective trade and investment policy stance and focus on promoting open markets to re-boot growth in the world economy, according to the OECD, WTO and UNCTAD.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Design policies to ensure growth is socially inclusive, says OECD-World Bank report

Economic policy should be better designed to bring about more inclusive growth, ensuring that the benefits of increased prosperity are shared more evenly across society, according to a new report from the OECD and the World Bank.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Colombia and Mexico sign international tax, human rights and clean business standards

Colombia and Mexico are a step closer to beneffiting from cross border tax co-operation and information sharing. Colombia has signed, and Mexico has deposited its instrument of ratification for the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tunisia and Morocco join multilateral business integrity and green growth instruments

Tunisia and Morocco signed up today to a series of international instruments in areas ranging from business integrity to international investment and green growth. Adherence to these instruments is an expression of a long-standing co-operation between countries in North Africa and the OECD.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tackle gender gap to boost growth, says OECD

Breaking down barriers to gender equality in education, employment and entrepreneurship would create new sources of economic growth and help make better use of everyone’s skills, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Global economy recovering, but major risks remain, says OECD

The global economy is recovering, but confidence is extremely uneven across different regions, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. European governments must take greater action to ensure that the crisis in the euro area does not derail the recovery.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Skills Strategy to boost jobs and growth

The OECD has launched its Skills Strategy to help governments build economic resilience, boost employment and reinforce social cohesion. Despite the pressure on public finances, spending on education and skills is an investment for the future and must be a priority.

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministers must focus on young jobseekers

Young people continue to bear the brunt of the jobs crisis, with nearly 11 million 15 to 24 -year-olds out of work in OECD countries in early 2012. Youth unemployment in the OECD area in March 2012 was 17.1%, close to its November 2009 peak of 18.3%

Tue, 15 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invitation: Workshop OECD/AJEF on "Skills Strategy" - Tuesday 19 June at 13h00 (Paris time)

How to optimise the skills of the labour market to anticipate business demand and promote growth and social cohesion in these times of record unemployment?

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, May 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to regained momentum in the OECD area but with divergence between economies.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders

The OECD’s Task Force on Tax and Development, meeting in Cape Town, South Africa, launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders/ Inspecteurs des impôts sans frontières – a new initiative to help developing countries bolster their domestic revenues by making their tax systems fairer and more effective.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Korea: a strong national urban strategy could drive resilient economic growth

Korea has weathered the shocks triggered by the global recession and its economy is recovering more quickly and vigorously than most other OECD countries.

Fri, 27 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

More parent and community engagement would boost quality in early childhood education and care in England

The report highlights strategies from other countries that could serve as a model for England as it develops its early childhood education and care programme.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Further reforms needed to sustain Korean growth and social cohesion

Korea recovered faster and more vigorously from the global crisis than most OECD countries, but strong economic growth alone will not be enough to address the fundamental challenges posed by its rapidly ageing population and rising inequality, according to the latest Economic Survey of Korea.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Sweden needs an independent committee to oversee National Pension Funds

Sweden should establish an independent committee of experts to oversee its National Pension Funds and set a clear, measurable financial objective for investments to ensure their long-term viability, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: the average tax burden on earnings in OECD countries continues to rise

The average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased in 26 out of 34 OECD countries in 2011 according to the new OECD Taxing Wages publication. Tax payers in Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and the Slovak Republic were among those hit with the largest increases.

Wed, 25 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Health: the high cost of diabetes

Across OECD countries some 83 million people suffer from diabetes. On current trends, that will rise to almost 100 million by 2030.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

EU development co-operation: improving but still cumbersome

The European Union is a major player in global development, co-ordinating coherent actions amongst its 27 member states and providing direct support to developing countries.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Credit crunch squeezing entrepreneurs and small businesses more than big firms

Small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) requesting loans between 2007 and 2010 faced higher interest rates than for large companies. Loan conditions for SMEs included shortened maturities and increased demands for collateral, suggesting that banks considered smaller firms to be a higher risk.

Thu, 19 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for reform of governance of state-owned firms in the Middle East and North Africa

Middle Eastern and North African countries should reform the governance of their state-owned enterprises to bring about greater public accountability and improve their efficiency, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 10 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax evasion: Pressure to end tax evasion grows as the Global Forum publishes new reviews

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has just completed peer reviews of 11 jurisdictions. This brings to 70 the number of peer review reports completed since March 2010.

Thu, 05 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

UK increases enforcement of foreign bribery, but concerns remain about transparency and resources

The United Kingdom has significantly boosted its foreign bribery enforcement efforts but needs to be more transparent when resolving cases.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary has improved legal framework for fighting foreign bribery, but must do more to detect and prosecute

Hungary’s law banning bribery of foreign public officials is relatively good on paper but lacks effective application, according to a new OECD report. Hungary must strengthen detection and prosecution of individuals and companies involved in foreign bribery.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Italy: OECD’s Gurría welcomes labour market reforms

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría congratulates the Italian government for launching parliamentary discussions on a wide-ranging package of labour market reforms.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Finland should boost staff skills to improve its early childhood education and care services, says OECD

Finland gives its young children a better start in education than most OECD countries.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Further reform needed to raise growth prospects in Poland

Poland has been a strong performer across the OECD through the global economic crisis, growing much faster than most other countries and making impressive steps toward reducing the income gap with its European Union partners, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Bigger euro bailout fund needed to create space to boost growth, OECD says

Euro area finance ministers meeting this week need to boost the firepower of the European stability funds to at least one trillion euros in order to restore market confidence, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD to simplify transfer pricing rules

Meeting at OECD’s first Global Forum on Transfer Pricing, tax officials from 90 countries agreed on the need to simplify transfer pricing rules, strengthen the guidelines on intangible issues and improve the efficiency of dispute resolution.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD's Gurría comments on UK budget

In response to the presentation of the 2012/13 U.K. Budget by the Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has expressed support for the government’s plans for continued fiscal consolidation aiming at eliminating the fiscal deficit by 2016/17.

Wed, 21 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for new approach to tackle teacher shortage

With many countries facing shortages of qualified teachers in key subjects, governments need to make the profession more attractive to talented graduates, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 14 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary must stabilise its economy for a durable recovery, OECD says

Swift action is needed to stabilise the Hungarian economy and put growth on a sound footing for a durable recovery, according to the latest Economic Survey of Hungary. Strengthening the credibility and predictability of domestic policies and undertaking much-needed fiscal consolidation will be key.

Tue, 13 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: More effective action needed to cut water pollution from farming

OECD governments have made little overall progress in reducing water contamination from farming over the past decade. More rigorous policies are needed to reduce the use of pesticides and encourage sustainable management of water quality in agriculture.

Mon, 12 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: The Chicago Tri-State metro area is a powerful region – policy makers must work together to maintain a global pole position and fully realise the region’s potential

Chicago is at a tipping point: despite economic strengths, it faces considerable challenges to compete in the “Premier League” of world-class cities, warns the OECD’s review of the Chicago Tri-State Metropolitan Region.

Fri, 09 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD recommends action on international tax loopholes

Aggressive tax planning – untaxed income, multiple deductions and other forms of international tax arbitrage - is a growing concern for all governments.

Mon, 05 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Focus on strategic agricultural investments to reduce poverty in developing countries, OECD says

Agricultural policies to reduce poverty in developing countries should focus on strategic investments to raise productivity and benefit from high food prices, according to a new OECD study.

Fri, 02 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: India ratifies Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

India has ratified the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD that was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Mon, 27 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Structural reforms can make the difference as countries rebound from crisis, OECD says

The pace of reform has accelerated in those OECD countries where it is needed most, says the latest Going for Growth report. It identifies the specific action needed to help governments steer their economies out of the crisis, stimulate growth and create jobs.

Fri, 24 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Experts maintain commitment to expanding and updating tractor safety standards

Experts, manufacturers and government officials meeting in Paris this week reaffirmed their commitment to maintaining safety standards in farm machinery by expanding and updating the OECD’s harmonised tests and codes.

Thu, 23 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: signs international tax agreement to tackle tax evasion

Greece has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement that was developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD and that is open for signature to all countries.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD’s Gurría welcomes support package

The Secretary-General says the package will provide the necessary confidence and breathing space for Greece to work on its recovery and for Europe to address its sovereign debt crisis.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Obesity: Mardi Gras - how fat are people this Tuesday?

More people in developed countries are overweight or obese than ever before, dooming them to years of ill-health and early death. New OECD data show however that in some countries obesity rates are slowing, and that’s good news for people’s health and government budgets.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Germany is leading the charts on employment and green growth - Transition to a knowledge based economy will require further reform and investment, OECD says

Germany recovered rapidly from the 2008-09 recession, with GDP topping pre-crisis rates during 2011 and unemployment falling significantly. Public finances are sound, but further reforms are needed to transform its growth model to thrive as a knowledge-based economy.

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Migration: integration of migrants in Switzerland successful, but stronger focus on vulnerable groups needed

Labour market integration of immigrants in Switzerland is generally successful: three quarters of immigrants in Switzerland are in employment – more than in any other OECD country

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Spain’s reforms to strengthen finances and boost jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said Spain’s comprehensive reform programme is a major step forward in strengthening the country’s banking system and its public finances, as well as creating a more dynamic labour market.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, February 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs) point to a positive change in momentum for the OECD as a whole, driven primarily by the United States and Japan, but similar signs are beginning to emerge in a number of other developed economies.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Statement by OECD ‘s Gurria after meeting Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti

Italy has embarked on an ambitious, much needed reform programme to strengthen its public finances, to restore growth and to improve the competitiveness of the Italian economy.

Mon, 06 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Telecoms reform would boost competition and growth in Mexico, says OECD

Mexico should quickly reform the laws and regulations governing its telecommunications sector to boost competition and investment and drive growth across the economy, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 30 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

India signs international tax agreement

India has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement which promotes international co-operation while respecting the rights of taxpayers.

Thu, 26 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Rising tax revenues: a key to economic development in Latin American countries

Increased domestic resource mobilization is widely accepted as crucial for countries to successfully meet the challenges of development and achieve higher living standards for all their people.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Urgent reform key to securing Asia’s pension systems, says OECD

Asia’s pension systems need modernising urgently to deliver secure, sustainable and adequate retirement incomes for today’s workers in the context of the rapid population ageing that will occur over the next two decades, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

External factors threaten Swiss economic recovery, OECD says

Switzerland has made a broadly balanced recovery from the economic crisis, but slower activity in Europe and pressures on the Swiss franc weigh on the near-term outlook, according to the latest Economic Survey of Switzerland.

Tue, 24 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Spain’s development aid much improved, but still needs more focus

Though the economic crisis has forced Spain to cut public spending in the past year, including to development co-operation, its aid has almost doubled since 2003. Spain still has plans to meet the international target of committing 0.7% of its gross national income to development aid.

Mon, 09 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD

29/03/2012 - Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD, and should encourage preschool teachers to keep improving their qualifications throughout their career and attract more young people, especially men, to the profession

Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Swedish labour migration reform working well but needs more monitoring, says OECD

Sweden’s 2008 reform of its labour migration policy, now one of the most open in the OECD, has helped businesses hire foreign workers quickly and cheaply, without hurting conditions for local workers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Uruguay’s tax transparency improving, says OECD’s Gurría

Uruguay has signed 7 new agreements providing for the exchange of tax information, showing its willingness to implement the global standards.

Thu, 15 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Employment: mental health issues rising in workplace, says OECD

Mental illness is a growing problem in society and is increasingly affecting productivity and well-being in the workplace, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 12 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee signals growing uncertainty over industry outlook

The outlook for the global steel market has become more uncertain, according to industry and government officials at the OECD’s Steel Committee meeting in Paris on 5-6 2011 . Policies to support open markets for raw materials are key, they said.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Italian government measures to strengthen public finances

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the measures adopted by the Italian government to address fiscal sustainability while boosting growth and equity.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Society: Governments must tackle record gap between rich and poor, says OECD

The gap between rich and poor in OECD countries has reached its highest level for over over 30 years, and governments must act quickly to tackle inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic should further develop its framework programme for preschool education, says OECD

The Czech Republic should build on the strengths of its preschool education framework to further enhance the quality of its early childhood education and care services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 01 Dec 2011 16:43:00 GMT

Tax revenues stabilise in OECD countries in 2010

OECD countries acknowledge that taxes must play a role in the process of fiscal consolidation as they battle unprecedented budget deficits. In 2010, the majority of OECD governments have stabilised their tax to GDP, with the average ratio moving up slightly from 33.8% in 2009 to 33.9% in 2010.

Tue, 29 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: medical care improving but better prevention and management of chronic diseases needed to cut costs, says OECD

Though overall medical care is improving, efforts to prevent and better manage chronic diseases such as diabetes and asthma would improve results and lower costs, according to the OECD’s latest edition of Health at a Glance.

Wed, 23 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reform urgently needed to ensure long-term growth in Czech Republic, says OECD

The Czech economy’s export-driven recovery is slowing as weak activity Europe curbs exports. Swift implementation of new reforms is needed to ensure sustainable, inclusive long-term growth and better resilience to external shocks, according to the latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Fri, 18 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum Publishes Report to the G20 on Tax Transparency

Tax Transparency 2011: Report on Progress, a report prepared by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, was delivered to the G20 in Cannes and is now available to journalists.&

Fri, 04 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: G20 countries strengthen international tax co-operation

"Tax co-operation and compliance are of crucial importance for all countries and citizens - and not only in times of a tight fiscal and budgetary environment,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría from the Cannes G20 Summit.

Thu, 03 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reforms are essential for Brazil to build on recent success, says OECD

The Brazilian economy has made a rapid recovery from the global economic crisis, but further reforms are necessary to boost long-term growth, spur investment and further reduce poverty, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Brazil.

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum delivers concrete results to the Cannes G20 Summit

“Governments have signed more than 700 agreements to exchange tax information. These agreements have already yielded €14 billion in additional revenues, to 20 countries, from more than 100 000 tax payers who had hidden assets offshore.”

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

The OECD acknowledges progress made, and says Mexico should further prioritise fighting foreign bribery

Mexico has improved, but needs to give greater priority to the criminal enforcement of bribery and ensure that its criminal law enforcement authorities have all the resources and expertise they need to seriously investigate all allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Korea making notable progress on fighting foreign bribery; further improvements needed, says OECD

Korea has improved its information and intelligence gathering capacity in foreign bribery cases, but should be more proactive in investigating allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 finance ministers agree new principles to boost financial consumer protection

G20 finance ministers have agreed new principles on financial consumer protection developed by the OECD. “Without consumer trust and confidence we could jeopardise the basis for global economic recovery and growth,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.

Tue, 18 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: Switzerland’s health system is high-performing but must prepare for the future

The Swiss health system is one of the world’s best but must adapt to deal with rising costs and higher rates of cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, according to a new OECD/WHO report.

Mon, 17 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Ireland coming out of the crisis, but challenges remain

The Irish economy still faces tough challenges as the country exits from a deep recession and banking crisis, but its long-term prospects now appear better than many of the other hard hit European countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland.

Fri, 14 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches new report on measuring well-being

A new OECD report, How's Life, offers a comprehensive picture of what makes up people’s lives in 40 countries worldwide. This is part of the OECD’s ongoing effort to devise new measures for assessing well-being that go beyond GDP.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax reform can create jobs

High unemployment rates, in the wake of the financial and economic crisis, have governments scrambling to create jobs. A new OECD report suggests that well-targeted tax reforms can encourage employers to hire more people and the jobless to look for employment.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministerial: Joint Statement by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and ILO Director-General Juan Somavia

"200 million people are out of work worldwide, close to the peak recorded at the depth of the Great Recession" warn OECD and ILO at the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meet in Paris.

Mon, 26 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Jurisdictions move towards full tax transparency

Furthering efforts to fight against international tax evasion and bank secrecy, members of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes have issued 12 new peer review reports.

Mon, 12 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: OECD's Gurría welcomes draft debt deficit law

The OECD’s welcomes the announcement by the Spanish government last Friday August 26th about having agreed with the opposition parties in Parliament to enshrine a set of deficit limits in the Constitution.

Wed, 31 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Governments concerned that some corporations unfairly claim losses to avoid taxes

The economic crisis means global corporate losses have increased significantly. Though most of these claims are justified, some corporations use ‘aggressive tax planning’ to avoid taxes. Governments are working together to detect and deter these undue tax advantages.

Tue, 30 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD's Gurría welcomes Italy fiscal plan

The OECD welcomes the comprehensive package approved by the Italian government at the weekend.

Tue, 16 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Migration falls again but will pick up with recovery, says OECD

International migration fell in 2009, reflecting lower demand for workers in OECD countries for the second consecutive year after a decade of growth, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 12 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Austria: Strengthening domestic sources of growth would secure place as ‘Champions League’ economy

Austria should eliminate subsidies which encourage early retirement and target social transfers more effectively, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Mon, 11 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption: Luxembourg must implement without delay its legislation against the bribery of foreign public officials, says OECD

Luxembourg must step up its efforts to detect and prosecute cases of bribery of foreign public officials, particularly now that its legal framework has been strengthened, in compliance with the Anti-Bribery Convention

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: spending continues to outpace economic growth in most OECD countries

Health spending continues to rise faster than economic growth in most OECD countries, maintaining a trend observed since the 1970s. Health spending reached 9.5% of GDP on average in 2009, the most recent year for which figures are available, up from 8.8% in 2008, according to OECD Health Data 2011.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption : OECD recognises Norway’s commitment to the fight against foreign bribery and recommends further improvements

Norway has made significant progress in its efforts against the bribery of foreign public officials in recent years, according to a new OECD report. But more could be done to strengthen enforcement, including by focusing on the confiscation from companies of the proceeds of bribery.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates new IMF head Lagarde

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has congratulated Christine Lagarde on her appointment as the IMF’s next Managing Director.

Wed, 29 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea tops new OECD PISA survey of digital literacy

Korea tops a new OECD PISA survey that tests how 15-year olds use computers and the Internet to learn. The next best performers were New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Hong-Kong China and Iceland.

Tue, 28 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Iceland: Better coordination among authorities needed to tackle foreign bribery, says OECD

Iceland must do more to ensure its law enforcement authorities are coordinated and adequately resourced to investigate and prosecute economic and financial crime, including foreign bribery, says the OECD in a new report.

Tue, 11 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD News [oecd.org]

Economic Development

Country profile: South Korea

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 23 Nov 2010 14:28:47 GMT

India's caste-offs

India's economy is in overdrive. But, as the Today programme's Mike Thomson explains, hundreds of millions of its people still live in abject poverty.

Tue, 09 Nov 2010 09:48:46 GMT

Timeline: United States of America

A chronology of key events

Wed, 03 Nov 2010 13:12:35 GMT

Regions and territories: Bermuda

An overview of Bermuda, including key facts, political leaders and notes on the media

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 15:13:29 GMT

Japan country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 02 Nov 2010 13:42:56 GMT

Benin country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Tue, 26 Oct 2010 15:13:13 GMT

Timeline: Switzerland

A chronology of key events

Tue, 19 Oct 2010 13:38:59 GMT

Timeline: China

A chronology of key events

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:53:45 GMT

China country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 18 Oct 2010 12:51:05 GMT

Country profile: Mauritius

Key facts, figures and dates

Mon, 23 Aug 2010 11:34:02 GMT

Timeline: Sao Tome and Principe

A chronology of key events

Tue, 17 Aug 2010 09:10:47 GMT

Country profile: Equatorial Guinea

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:40:09 GMT

Country profile: Zambia

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:32:08 GMT

Iceland country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 04 Aug 2010 07:58:20 GMT

Calls for 'old-fashioned' revolution

Using "good old-fashioned" farming techniques will help deliver a sustainable green revolution in Africa.

Tue, 29 Jun 2010 13:24:59 GMT

Profile: G8

Key facts about the group of leading industrialised countries

Sat, 26 Jun 2010 16:02:15 GMT

A bad reputation

We're all told to watch our carbon footprint these days, but some so-called "environmental nasties" are not as bad as you might think - at least from a carbon point of view, says Mike Berners-Lee.

Tue, 08 Jun 2010 10:46:19 GMT

Footing the World Cup bill

The World Cup is billed as a lucrative affair, but David Goldblatt considers whether South Africa will really reap financial rewards.

Fri, 04 Jun 2010 06:18:52 GMT

Brazil: Key facts and figures

Key facts and figures from Brazil, showing wealth and population distribution, as well as its GDP growth.

Thu, 27 May 2010 07:28:15 GMT

London outside of 'top 30 cities'

London is the only UK city in a global top 50 for quality of living, but comes in at a lowly 39th spot, according to a survey.

Tue, 25 May 2010 22:55:47 GMT

Display Next World Economy from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

An era of global turbulence

The illusion of the end of conflict is over. Delegates meeting at the United Nations are facing a world under attack, and responses are so far not matching the manifold crises, writes Martin Khor.

Economic policy alternatives for post-2015

Having avoided a deep depression, stabilized financial markets and recovered the ground lost during the crisis years, there is a growing belief in some policy circles that the global economy is back to normal. But UNCTAD's 2014 Trade and Development Report suggests that tight fiscal policy, flexibilisation of labour markets, active monetary policies and the reliance on buoyant asset prices cannot bring the world economy back to robust health.

Development and social policy in South Asia

South Asia is home to about 22% of the global population; about one third of the population is extremely poor, accounting for about 45% of the global poor living on less than the infamous US$1.25 per day. 70% of the South Asia population lives on less than US$2 per day. With Gini coefficients hovering around 0.35, poverty while omnipresent is less unequal than in many countries of Africa and Latin America.

Ukraine in crisis: The EU's co-responsibility

The EU purports to be part of the solution in Ukraine. Particularly, the EU continues to claim that the proposed Association Agreement will contribute to solving the economic problems of the country. EU Commissioner for Enlargement, Štefan Füle, even raised the possibility of eventually offering an EU membership to Ukraine. There are, however, strong indications that the EU approach creates more problems than it solves.

For an alternative post-2015 development strategy

The UN project of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted at the UN Summit in 2000 is to expire in 2015. Discussions on a new international post-2015 development approach have started and are pursued in New York, Geneva, and Brussels, and in many capitals all over the world by international organizations, governments and civil society. A personal contribution to the debate.

The great revenge of the North?

Plans for a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the European Union and the United States have sparked considerable debate. Among the main issues contested are the lowering of food-safty standards (hormone-treated beef, chlorine-washed chicken), the democratic deficit of the negotiation process, as well as the granting of far-reaching rights and legal privileges to international investors, undermining national law. However, Rainer Falk and Barbara Unmüßig consider a topic thus far left out of critical debate: TTIP's implications for the "rest of the world," particularly for developing and emerging economies.

Nepal: The emergence of a resilient democracy

Three months after elections, a new cabinet was sworn in end of February in Kathmandu. The two largest parties have formed a coalition, with the new Prime Minister from the Congress Party, and 18 ministers from the Congress and UML parties. The mainstream Maoists voted in support but did not join an initially foreseen unity government. Where does the country stand at this moment?

Partnership in transatlantic trade and investment?

The negotiations between EU and US on a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) are in full swing. The project is not only intended to reduce tariffs between the world economy's two biggest trading blocs; its primary aim is to dismantle and/or harmonise a wide spectrum of regulations. Investment liberalisation and protection also will be central issues.

The youth bulge in Least Developed Countries

The number of young people of working age in the world's 49 poorest nations is increasing by 16 million per year, and in each one of 11 such countries it will climb by at least half a million per year, a new UNCTAD report says. The organization recommends that the governments of the globe's least developed countries (LDCs) intensify efforts to employ this vast resource - currently largely underemployed, or trapped in vulnerable, low-paid jobs.

Towards a vision for post-2015

This week, the UN General Assembly (GA) will assess the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - their progress and gaps - and officially launch the intergovernmental discussion on a new, sustainable development agenda - perhaps to be encapsulated as sustainable development goals (SDGs).

Display Next WDEV World Economy & Development [wdev.eu]

Assessing Mali’s Direction Nationale De La Météorologie Agrometeorological Advisory Program: preliminary report on the climate science and farmer use of advisories

<p>In June 2011, USAID organized a West African Adaptation Workshop under the Adaptation Partnership in Dakar, Senegal. The workshop had several goals, including improving the awareness of and demand for climate services in the region among decision-makers in various sectors, improving climate service providers&rsquo; understanding of decision-makers&rsquo; needs, identifying opportunities to design and deliver climate services for decision making, and sharing information on good practices and models.<br /><br />This report (one of two) contains an assessment of the forecasts and science behind the advisories themselves, and an assessment of the use of the agrometeorological advisories at the community, household, and individual level in southern Mali.</p><p>The report recommends:</p><ul><li>performing a detailed quantitative assessment of the past performance of the forecasts that undergird the advisories</li><li>shift current advisory construction away from the use of analogue years, as previous experiences of similar rainfall may not hold in a changing climate</li><li>conduct research into the predictability of intra-seasonal variations in rainfall, including the start and end dates of the rainy season, and probability of extreme events, such as prolonged dry spells or very intense rains, at both one-week and one-month lead times, as parallel studies in other parts of the Sahel suggest these quantities are potentially predictable</li><li>investigate means of conveying forecast uncertainties to farmers as a part of advisories</li><li>expand advisories to address gender, the needs of pastoralists, and for poorer farmers who may have greater difficulty responding to advisories in a timely manner</li><li>better understanding the role of weather and climate (and therefore climate services) in rural<br />livelihoods more broadly</li></ul>

24 Oct 2014 16:03:59 GMT

Gender and climate change adaptation in agrarian settings

<p>The impacts of climate variability and change on the rural poor in the Global South become more pronounced with each passing year. While entire communities and regions will be exposed to the same changing temperatures and precipitation, the ways in which they are vulnerable to these changes will vary greatly. As the contemporary literature on adaptation now acknowledges, the patterns of vulnerability to climate change impacts we see today are largely, if not principally, shaped by social factors ranging from gender roles to class to ethnicity. In short, these social factors have broad ramifications for the ways in which people experience and address the impacts of climate variability and change in their lives.</p><p>This report presents three case studies (on Ghana, Mali and Malawi) that illustrate the importance of this contemporary approach to gender when applied to climate change adaptation in rural, agrarian settings. Each case demonstrates that in studies predicated on simple gender categories, the particular challenges and vulnerabilities of a significant portion of the population in question become difficult to identify.</p><p>This report concludes that:</p><ul> <li>identity categories most relevant to understanding vulnerability in a particular place are contextually specific. In the Ghana case, it was the intersection of gender with livelihoods strategies and household situation that brought out the identities most responsible for the production of different livelihoods vulnerabilities to climate change impacts. In the Mali case, the salient intersection was gender and seniority. In Malawi, distinct and differentiated vulnerabilities within gender groups only become visible when gender is understood in the context of the village of residence, and its proximity to the unique livelihoods opportunities and resources in the Mount Mulanje Forest Reserve (MMFR)</li> <li>the use of binary gender analysis to explore vulnerability to climate change impacts risks glossing over important intra-community and intra-household vulnerabilities, including those of the most marginal and vulnerable</li> <li>in the Ghana case, it is very difficult to identify and address the specific livelihoods vulnerabilities of women in female-headed households, and women in diversified households, via a binary gender analysis, as such analysis aggregates the situations of all women into something that most resembles the situations of women in market households</li> <li>in the Mali case, binary gender analysis suggest gendered patterns of livelihoods activities that are produced through specific intersections of seniority and gender. A vulnerability analysis built on this generalised pattern would overlook the specific vulnerabilities and capacities of senior men in this cluster by ignoring their gardening activities.</li> <li>in Malawi, a binary analysis of gender suggests that vulnerability is evenly distributed across the married study population. Yet there are distinct and differentiated vulnerabilities within married households that are tied first to location, and then to gendered emphases with regard to crop selection and livelihoods activities</li></ul>

24 Oct 2014 13:57:28 GMT

Manual C: urban land access: options

<p>The target group for this manual is the leadership of organised groups of homeless in need of land for housing development. The manual outlines the various options for how and when land can be accessed. In addition, it presents general advices to be taken with on the land access journey. These contain the following:</p><ul><li>make sure you organise your group well, and bring as many role‐players as possible onto your side to help you; this includes good professionals, politicians, and departmental bureaucrats</li><li>identify and watch out for people/ groups that could cause problems for you and put in place strategies to minimise the potential disruption</li><li>see how you can do different things at the same time so as to reduce the time it takes to complete the process, and be flexible in what your expectations are, as you may have to compromise in many instances</li><li>make sure you are clear about how the tenure option you have chosen works, especially if you are considering group ownership options</li><li>make sure you are clear about the roles and responsibilities of the different role‐players involved in your project</li><li>make sure you follow all the necessary procedures properly, and continually look for how you can get money to help you buy and develop land</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

24 Oct 2014 12:51:01 GMT

Haemorrhagic fevers in Africa: narratives, politics and pathways of disease and response

<p>Outbreak narratives have justified rapid and sometimes draconian international policy responses and control measures. Yet there is a variety of other ways of framing haemorrhagic fevers. There present different views concerning who is at risk, and how? Is the &lsquo;system&rsquo; of interacting social-disease ecological processes a local or a global one, and how do scales intersect? Should haemorrhagic fevers be understood in terms of short-term outbreaks, or as part of more &lsquo;structural&rsquo;, long-term social-disease-ecological interactions? What of the perspectives of people living with the diseases in African settings? And what of uncertainties about disease dynamics, over longer as well as short time scales?</p><p>This paper contrasts global outbreak narratives with three others which consider haemorrhagic fevers as deadly local disease events, in terms of culture and context, and in terms of long-term social and environmental dynamics. It considers the pathways of disease response associated with each, and how they might be better integrated to deal with haemorrhagic fevers in more effective, Sustainable and socially just ways.</p>

24 Oct 2014 10:06:30 GMT

Consolidating the regional diplomacy of Côte d’Ivoire

<p>C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire has gone through two decades of political instability and conflict, leading to the near collapse of many of its government institutions. President Alassane Ouattara&rsquo;s arrival on the political scene in 2011 heralded a renewal of C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire&rsquo;s foreign policy. The president&rsquo;s determined focus on the region and the increased diplomatic activity associated with his term have ensured that the country has regained its regional leadership position. His approach has been two-pronged: (i) focusing on regional peace and security issues, without (ii) neglecting the pursuit of the country&rsquo;s economic development objectives through active regional diplomacy.</p><p>This brief argues that the corrosive effects of war and instability, which lasted for more than a decade, severely eroded the country&rsquo;s capacity to drive active regional diplomacy. Therefore, creating an enabling framework, accompanied by strong institutions, is without doubt the key test facing C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire in its quest to regain its place as the key interlocutor in francophone Africa&rsquo;s diplomacy. This is particularly relevant in<br />how it engages with the region&rsquo;s premier regional economic community.</p><p>Recommendations:</p><ul><li>develop an evidence based and coherent foreign policy strategy through the iteration of a &lsquo;white paper&rsquo; process and strengthen the country&rsquo;s diplomatic oversight mechanisms</li><li>institute a regular (eg, biannual) conference of ambassadors to evaluate and redirect, if necessary, the country&rsquo;s diplomatic activities</li><li>accelerate the implementation of SSR before the presidential elections in 2015</li><li>improve the training, development and specialisation of diplomats through an inclusive process in order to enhance national reconciliation</li><li>encourage more frequent policy engagement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with local experts such as academia, business and civil society organisations, as well as with other ministries</li></ul>

24 Oct 2014 08:59:47 GMT

Shooting our hard drive into space and other ways to practise responsible development data

<p>This book is offered as a first attempt to understand what responsible data means in the context of international development programming. It takes a broad view of development and also anticipates that some of the methods and lessons may have resonance for related fields and practitioners. It<span style="line-height:1.6em">&nbsp;is intended to support thoughtful and responsible thinking as the development community grapples with relatively new social and ethical challenges stemming from data use.</span></p><p>This book builds on a number of resources and strategies developed in academia, human rights and advocacy, but aims to focus on international development practitioners so touches&nbsp;primarily upon issues specifically relevant to development practitioners and intermediaries working to improve the lives and livelihoods of people.</p>

23 Oct 2014 16:28:39 GMT

Drug-resistant TB: surveillance and response

<p>This document is a special supplement to the 2014 Global Tuberculosis Report. It&nbsp;marks the 20th anniversary of the establishment of the Global Project on Anti-TB Drug Resistance Surveillance, and&nbsp;highlights the latest status of knowledge about the epidemic of multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and the programmatic response.&nbsp;</p><p>The first half of the document highlights the progress made in surveillance of anti-TB drug resistance between 1994&nbsp;and 2013 as well as recent innovations. The second half of the document profiles the global status of the response&nbsp;to the MDR-TB epidemic, which remains a mix of success and failure.&nbsp;</p>

23 Oct 2014 16:17:58 GMT

Global Tuberculosis Report 2014

<p>This report provides a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the TB epidemic and progress in implementing and financing TB prevention, care and control at global, regional and country levels using data reported by over 200 countries that account for over 99 per cent of the world&#39;s TB cases.&nbsp;This year&rsquo;s report shows&nbsp;higher global totals for new TB cases and deaths in 2013&nbsp;than previously, reflecting use of increased and improved&nbsp;national data.&nbsp;</p><p>The three annexes of the report include an explanation of how to access and use the online global TB database, one-page profiles for 22 high TB-burden countries and one page regional profiles for WHO&rsquo;s six regions.</p>

23 Oct 2014 16:13:33 GMT

Fighting corruption in South Asia: building accountability

<p>Hardly a speech is delivered in South Asia without mention of the need to fight corruption in the region. Yet despite the lofty promises, corruption is on the rise. This report shows how a serious lack of political will on the part of governments to make laws work, means that government action to fight corruption is largely ineffective.</p><p>The report draws on the findings of in-depth research on anti-corruption efforts in Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, which analysed almost 70 institutions across the six countries. While none of the institutions assessed were found to be free from corruption risks, this report focuses in particular on the judiciary and anti-corruption agencies as critical actors in the fight against corruption. It highlights common challenges in the region and presents the governments of South Asia with a clear set of urgent priorities which need to be addressed in order to translate their anti-corruption rhetoric into concrete action.</p><p>The key findings of the report are:</p><ol><li>Citizens find themselves unable to access key information on how their governments are performing in order to hold them to account.</li><li>The lack of meaningful protection for whistleblowers means that the chances of detecting wrongdoing by those in positions of power are slim.</li><li>Widespread political interference in the critical work of anti-corruption agencies and the judiciary makes them ineffective in keeping a check on government.</li></ol><p>This situation presents serious challenges for the rule of law in the region. Some laws are inconsistent with international standards, while others are not equally enforced and independently adjudicated. As a result, corruption and other crimes are not effectively and impartially investigated or punished. This creates an atmosphere where the corrupt continue to get away with abusing their positions for their own personal gain at the public&rsquo;s expense.</p><p>Nevertheless, there have been some positive developments in the fight against corruption over the last 10 years. Most significantly, all six countries in this study have ratified the UN Convention against Corruption. However, there is still a long way to go to turn these commitments into meaningful action. The analysis presented here suggests a worrying reluctance on the part of the governments concerned to enable citizens to help shape the decisions that affect their daily lives.</p><p>[Summary taken from author]</p>

23 Oct 2014 14:39:35 GMT

Guinea: anti-corruption institutions

<p>After languishing for ten years or more, efforts to tackle corruption in Guinea received a serious crack of the whip immediately after the presidential elections of November 2010. The government relaunched systematic audits of public procurement, which were also carried out more professionally than they had been before. The new administration also brought more transparency to the governance of the mining sector and more rigour to the management of public finances.</p><p>Three years after the president took office, however, these efforts against corruption have stalled. This report explores the reasons they have become bogged down, through an examination of the operations and legal framework for the organs charged with the fight against corruption, as well as an evaluation of their work in practice. Rather than being a study of the extent of corruption in Guinea, the report is concerned with the bodies and mechanisms put in place to try to reduce it. It consists of a critical evaluation of the strategy and institutional framework for anti-corruption measures. It proposes simple, practical and coherent measures to breathe new life into the efforts to fight against corruption in Guinea.<br />[Summary taken from publisher]</p>

23 Oct 2014 14:07:05 GMT

South Africa in BRICS: a bilateral trade analysis

<p>South Africa&rsquo;s rich endowment of mineral and natural resources complements Brazil&rsquo;s specialisation in agriculture and raw materials, Russia&rsquo;s position as a major player in the commodity market, India&rsquo;s services-exporting economy, and China&rsquo;s recognition as the &lsquo;world&rsquo;s factory&rsquo;. The BRICS countries also share similar economic challenges, particularly the task of raising the standards of living of their citizens.<br /> <br /> This study examines the value, intensity, complementarity, balance, and structure of South Africa&rsquo;s trade with its partners in the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) alliance. It highlights the increasing dynamism of intra-BRICS trade, which started at the turn of the millennium. Key drivers of this dynamism include China&rsquo;s rapid economic growth, accompanied by a dramatic rise in demand for primary commodities, and South Africa&rsquo;s rich endowment of natural resources. Indices of the intensity and complementarity of trade show the dominance of India and China. While the strength of South Africa &rsquo;s trade with India is linked to their historical and cultural ties, the rising intensity of trade with China is primarily a demand-side effect.</p><p>The inclusion of South Africa in the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) grouping in 2010 coincided with two developments: its trade balance with most BRIC countries switched from deficit to surplus, and the value of its exports to BRIC surpassed the value of its exports to the European Union (EU) for the first time. The latter development is probably attributable to the growing BRICS demand for South Africa&rsquo;s natural resources, coupled with the EU&rsquo;s slow recovery from the global financial crisis, rather than trade diversion from the EU to BRICS, as some analysts argue. However, the EU remains a major South African trading partner, while BRICS is rapidly catching up. Indeed, South Africa could leverage the differences in the structure of trade with the rest of BRICS and the EU to achieve more inclusive growth. While trade in natural resources is more likely to stimulate employment in (low-skilled) labour-intensive primary industries, intra-industry trade with the EU would boost the (high-skilled) manufacturing and services sectors. Given this, South African trade with the two blocs could yield complementary effects.</p>

23 Oct 2014 13:47:58 GMT

Climate finance in Ethiopia

<p>This study highlights challenges for Ethiopia to finance its response to climate change.</p><p>The national Climate Resilient Green Economy strategy has called for annual spending of USD 7.5 billion to respond to climate change. With national budgetary resources for climate change-relevant actions estimated to be in the order of USD 440 million per year, and international sources adding several tens of USD million per year, there appears to be a major financing gap. Therefore, this report argues, if the strategy is to be delivered, much more needs to be done to mobilise additional resources both domestically and externally. The study focuses on public funding allocated within the federal budget, as such spending is most closely aligned with national policy setting and institutional arrangements. A four year period was reviewed, between 2008/2009 and 2011/12.</p>

23 Oct 2014 13:29:49 GMT

Nigeria and the BRICS: current and potential trade relations and their Implications for the Nigerian economy

<p>The BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa) countries have played a progressive role in global economic and political affairs since their recognition as global centres of growth. Based on their similar growth trajectories, these countries have the potential to reshape global economic governance in the near future. It is argued that the strategic relationship between SA and major economies in Africa such as Nigeria, Kenya and Ethiopia will be key to the further expansion of relations between BRICS and the continent. Thus there is a growing concern among analysts that the BRICS engagement with Africa should not be restricted to resource exploitation, but should be extended to advance the continent&rsquo;s long-term economic growth and development path.<br /><br />This paper analyses Nigeria&rsquo;s trade relations with Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (the BRICS countries), focusing on the patterns, intensity and complementarity of trade as well as its impact on economic performance.</p><p>While Nigeria&rsquo;s export structure does not closely complement the imports of BRICS countries, the intensity of Nigerian exports to South Africa (SA) in particular has risen in recent years. Trading patterns reveal the preponderance of crude oil, which constituted 97% of exports to BRICS countries in 2011. On the import side, China is the major supplier in Nigeria&rsquo;s top three import categories. An analysis of the potential growth effects of trade shows that imports from China contribute significantly to Nigeria&rsquo;s growth, while exports to SA are also growth-inducing.</p><p>This finding is consistent with the recent growth experience of the Nigerian economy, which is driven predominantly by sectors that are heavily dependent on the importation of manufactures, equipment and chemicals. Although oil dominates exports to SA, the rising intensity of exports to that country and its status as a leading destination for non-oil exports that has grown considerably in recent years (machinery and transport equipment) may explain the export effect.</p><p>The results suggest the need for trade policies to ensure the unconstrained supply of the top import products that are pertinent to Nigeria&rsquo;s continued economic growth and structural transformation, and the cultivation of bilateral trade relations on the basis of an analysis of their growth effects.</p>

23 Oct 2014 11:51:37 GMT

Promoting peer review as a compliance mechanism for regional integration

<p>Multilateral organisations have long used peer review as a means to encourage compliance with commitments made in the pursuit of various socio-economic goals. Africa established the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) as an indigenous system to monitor the progress of member states in the realm of governance and to provide support for their national development priorities. Although the APRM has focused mainly on national-level implementation, with careful planning and visionary leadership, this could be usefully supplemented by reports on the efforts of African countries to fulfil their regional commitments.</p><p>Recommendations:</p><ul><li>regional economic communities in Africa should consider the establishment of a peer review system that enables the monitoring of compliance by member states with regional commitments</li><li>peer review can provide a useful complement to other compliance mechanisms, such as dispute settlement processes, and should be used as a means to highlight regional best practice and lessons learnt</li><li>the APRM national process could be usefully supplemented by regional peer reviews</li><li>several existing peer review mechanisms are familiar to African countries (eg, the WTO Trade Policy Review Mechanism) and could be referenced in the development of a regional approach</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

23 Oct 2014 11:42:46 GMT

Challenging the negative discourse on human rights in Africa

<p>The recent proliferation of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and independent media across Africa is an important positive development. They play an essential role by investigating government policy, exposing corruption and human rights violations, advocating for the rights of minorities and vulnerable communities, and providing social services. However, their work is under threat due to a backlash from the continent&rsquo;s leaders against the imposition of &lsquo;Western&rsquo; ideas of human rights.<br /><br />This policy briefing highlights the shift in human rights discourse among African leaders towards more anti-imperialist rhetoric and the placing of African traditions above human rights. It provides examples<br />of how local civil society organisations (CSOs) are challenging this view in the face of increasing government attacks. CSOs are crucial to positive transformation and the universal protection and promotion of human<br />rights, and more needs to be done to protect human rights and create an enabling environment for CSOs.<br /><br />Recommendations:</p><ul><li>African leaders should commit to creating and reinforcing an enabling environment for CSOs and the media to do their work free from government attacks, and allow for meaningful CSO participation in political processes at all levels</li><li>African regional bodies such as the ACHPR and the AU Commission should call for an end to government harassment of and attacks on CSOs and the repeal of repressive NGO and anti-homosexuality laws</li><li>CSOs should mobilise and work in partnership with international organisations to push for an end to government restrictions and attacks on their work and greater protection for activists</li><li>CSOs should take a broader, more holistic approach to advocating issues such as LGBTI rights, by framing them in the language of nondiscrimination and equal rights</li><li>CSOs should look to more innovative ways to generate local funding, cultivating African philanthropy nationally and regionally</li></ul>

23 Oct 2014 11:27:55 GMT

Chinese Resources-For-Infrastructure (R4I) swaps: an escape from the resource curse?

<p>An R4I swap involves the exchange of natural resources for infrastructure. The revenues from the export of natural resources such as oil or copper are used as collateral for a loan to finance infrastructure development. R4I swaps were pioneered by the Chinese state and Chinese companies in their engagement with resource-rich countries in Africa.<br /> <br /> This paper discusses whether resources-for-infrastructure (R4I) swaps employed by the Chinese government and companies reduce or increase the risk that a resource-rich country will fall prey to the resource curse. A review of academic literature shows two opposing views. Some scholars argue that rapid infusion of unconditional Chinese investment and financing strengthens a political structure that allows an elite to use resource wealth for unproductive and self-serving ends. Others argue that R4I swaps have a positive impact on economic development, act as an effective agency of restraint on the part of African governments and mitigate the threat of corruption.</p><p>A short overview of the resource curse debate and related policy responses is provided. China&rsquo;s emergence in Africa&rsquo;s natural resource sector is described, the workings of an R4I swap is explained and an overview of R4I swaps between 2001 and 2011 is provided. The basis for the research is a comparative analysis of case studies of R4I swaps in Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Ghana and Nigeria, and field<br /> research conducted by the author in Ghana.<br /> <br /> The findings from the case studies do not support either of the opposing views. R4I swaps do not inherently exacerbate the resource curse nor are they a panacea for its ills. The developmental impact of R4I swaps depends on the capacity and willingness of African governmental institutions to harness the opportunities and mitigate the risks of R4I swaps.</p>

23 Oct 2014 11:11:40 GMT

China and Zimbabwe: the context and contents of a complex relationship

<p>China&rsquo;s extensive relations with African countries continue to attract interest and concern, especially as the category of those expressing disquiet about the possibility of this being another kind of colonialism now seems to be growing beyond the usual Western critics to include critical opinion leaders in key African countries.<br /><br />Of all the China&ndash;Africa relationships, the one that merits the most attention is Beijing&rsquo;s ties with Zimbabwe. This is largely due to the controversies associated with the contents and multi-dimensional extent of this relationship. These controversies, emanating largely from Zimbabwe&rsquo;s domestic politics and the international reaction to them, have placed China in situations where its diplomacy in Africa has had to be explained and sometimes readjusted to ensure that it does not lose the friendship of other African countries that view events in Zimbabwe differently. Occasionally, Zimbabwe also has had to modify its domestic politics in order to ensure that China can maintain a measure of moral high ground that would earn it (Beijing) some respectability among human rights communities.</p><p>This paper examines Sino&ndash;Zimbabwean relations between 2003 and 2013, a decade in which the relationship between the two countries has become complicated as much for what it contains as for what it excludes. The closeness of China and Zimbabwe between 2003 and 2013 was due largely to the confluence of a number of events, including:</p><ul><li>the antipathy between Zimbabwe and the West, which resulted in the imposition of various sanctions</li><li>China&rsquo;s desire to benefit from Zimbabwe&rsquo;s resources, especially those that are strategic to Chinese interests;&nbsp;</li><li>the determination of the Mugabe administration to use Chinese support to address domestic political challenges, especially its political rivalry with the MDC</li></ul><p>The author concludes that both the Chinese and the Zimbabwean governments seem to have benefitted from this relationship, even if the extent to which the average Zimbabwean has benefitted is doubtful. There are serious grounds to question the degree to which these connections with China are in Zimbabwe&rsquo;s long-term interests. It is the opinion in some circles that China has won almost exclusive rights to all of Zimbabwe&rsquo;s resources and that Zimbabwean politicians have sold out their&nbsp;country in their dealings with China.</p><p>As Zimbabwe faces the future, a number of crucial issues will come to the fore. It is almost certain that all those connected to the country are looking at the period beyond the leadership of Robert Mugabe,<br />and it is well known that there is already competition within ZANU-PF regarding his successor. The current political situation in Zimbabwe means that the competition over the future of the country will be between ZANU-PF and the MDC. Although the extent of China&rsquo;s involvement will make it difficult for any successor to discountenance it, there is also the distinct possibility that a successor will want to bring about some form of<br />accommodation with the West after more than a decade of disagreement. This may reduce, even if minimally, China&rsquo;s grip on the affairs of the country.</p>

23 Oct 2014 10:26:22 GMT

Manual B: urban land access: the steps

<p>This manual is targeted at people who are working with or want to work with others to get land to build housing for the group in South Africa. The manual focuses on land for settlement development or urban land.</p><p>The publication clarifies that its aim is to provide detailed information on each of the five main stages of land access:</p><ul><li>organising: during this stage you work with others to set up an organisation to get land, look for an appropriate group to join or start your own group, you can go to government and ask for assistance</li><li>deciding: decide as a group how you want to organise yourselves so that you know how the internal affairs of the group will be managed, and how the group will engage with outside role‐players &nbsp;</li><li>planning: after you have identified the land you want to develop, study the land in a participatory manner and produce a preliminary plan showing where the roads and different land use plots will be found</li><li>approval: get approvals from different government departments for the land development, and get money to implement the project</li><li>implementing: you can start to subdivide the land into plots and arrange for these plots to be transferred to the end user or group; yet this needs to be coordinated with the services and house building process</li></ul><p>The document concludes stating that once you have ownership of land with services and a house, you have completed your journey of getting land and a house.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

22 Oct 2014 19:40:29 GMT

NAMA study for a sustainable charcoal value chain in Côte d’Ivoire

<p>This study aims to help C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the current charcoal value chain and enable the country to remove a major driver of deforestation while increasing energy security and sustainability. The Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) design proposed in this study also addresses cross-sectoral issues and adopts a phased approach. It is argued that the NAMA Phase I described in the study is realistic, can be achieved in the short term and still has transformative and sustainable effects on the charcoal sector of C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:44:51 GMT

Vulnerability and resilience to climate change in western Honduras

<p>The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)/African and Latin American Resilience to Climate Change (ARCC) Project conducted the Western Honduras Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment (Western Honduras VA) in 2014. The assessment represents a multidisciplinary effort to assess the impact of climate change and variability on social and ecological systems in Western Honduras. This assessment focused on Western Honduras&rsquo;s Dry Corridor (in Spanish, Corredor Seco) region and the six departments receiving Feed the Future (FtF) programming support: Cop&aacute;n, Ocotepeque, Lempira, Santa Barbara, Intibuc&aacute;, and La Paz. The objectives of this assessment were to: Understand the historical trends and future projections for climate in Western Honduras; Assess how these climate projections will affect livelihoods and ecosystems in the region; and Identify existing and potential adaptive responses that can be integrated into USAID, Government of Honduras, and other donor programming in Western Honduras to strengthen the resilience of livelihoods and ecosystems to climate-related impacts.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:37:21 GMT

Primary energy demand of renewable energy carriers: part 2 policy implications

<p>This paper is the second part of the two paper series focusing on the options for defining primary energy factors (PEFs) for renewables and clarifying the implications of these options in EU energy policy areas.</p><p>The aim of this paper is to present the current use of PEFs in EU legislation and provide an outlook on possible policy outcomes of using different PEF calculation methods in three energy policy areas and related EU legislation. This paper first describes how primary energy factors are used in the EU regulatory framework. Then, the study investigates to what extent different definitions of PEF for RE have implications on the three energy policy fields: EU Directives&ndash; Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), Renewable Energy Directive (RED); the influence on the target setting in overarching EU communications and energy accounting (statistics). The case studies address the policy implications and challenges of using different PEF methodology under these three energy policy areas.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:31:45 GMT

Better growth, better climate: the New Climate Economy report

<p>This report seeks to inform economic decision-makers in both public and private sectors, many of whom recognise the serious risks caused by climate change, but also need to tackle more immediate concerns such as jobs, competitiveness and poverty. The report brings together evidence and analysis, learning from the practical experience of countries, cities and businesses across the world. The report&rsquo;s conclusion is that countries at all levels of income now have the opportunity to build lasting economic growth at the same time as reducing the immense risks of climate change. It argues that the next 15 years will be critical, as the global economy undergoes a deep structural transformation and that the next 15 years of investment will also determine the future of the world&rsquo;s climate system.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:23:41 GMT

Analysis and mapping of climate change risk and vulnerability in Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

<p>This journal article argues that there is growing demand for spatially explicit information among stakeholders across public and private institutions regarding vulnerability to climate change at the local scale. This study was conducted over 16 districts in Central Rift Valley (CRV) of Ethiopia, to determine the degree of climate risk and the relative vulnerability of the districts, to climate change and, thereby identify vulnerable hotspots. The results are taken to show that vulnerability mapping is crucial in determining the varying degrees of vulnerability of different localities, and generating information that can help researchers, policy makers, private and public institutions in formulating site-specific adaptation strategies and prioritising adaptation investments to the most vulnerable hotspots.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:16:18 GMT

The HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa: convergence with tuberculosis, socioecological vulnerability, and climate change patterns

<p>This journal article argues that people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have weakened physiological responses and are immunologically vulnerable to pathogens and stressors in their environment, putting them at a health disadvantage in climate-based rising temperatures, water scarcity, air pollution, potential water- and vector-borne disease outbreaks, and habitat redistributions. It is argued that coupled with HIV/AIDS, climate change threatens ecological biodiversity via a larger-scale socioeconomic recourse to natural resources. Corresponding human and environmental activity shape conditions conducive to exacerbating high rates of HIV/AIDS. In South Africa, this epidemic is forming a &lsquo;syndemic&rsquo; with tuberculosis (TB), which has come to include multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extremely drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) strains. The paper argues that, because of high convergence rates, one epidemic cannot be addressed without understanding the other.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:28:58 GMT

Flood early warning systems in Nepal: a gendered perspective

<p>This report presents the Nepal focused findings of a study which assessed the institutional arrangements, key stakeholders, legal provisions, coordination and linkage mechanisms, and four key elements of early warning systems &ndash; risk knowledge, monitoring and warning services, dissemination and communication, and response capacity &ndash; from the perspective of gender. It also gathered experiences from two villages with functioning community-based flood early warning systems. The report suggests that, in view of the diversity of development issues and livelihood challenges that communities face on a day-to-day basis, it is important to tune early warning systems according to the local context. It is argued that early warning systems should be seen as a social and development activity rather than an exclusive domain of engineers and technicians. This simplification and democratization of early warning systems requires bridging the gap between technical departments and communities.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:21:12 GMT

Women’s vulnerability to climatic and non-climatic change in the Eastern Gangetic Plains

<p>Previous findings from IWMI&rsquo;s research conducted in Madhubani, Bihar, India, and in Dhanusha and Morang of the Nepal Terai (Madhesh) were taken to substantiate previous literature on the region by showing how men and women are differentially affected by climate change. However, the studies outlined in this policy brief, show how gendered vulnerability stems from a diverse set of climatic and non-climatic causes, and is not always direct, and policy responses should be tailored accordingly. Patterns of agrarian stress and the resultant vulnerabilities are determined by a range of historically specific political, economic and social processes as well as climate stress. Migration, which is in part a response to climate stress, creates new forms of vulnerability, not only for migrants but also for those left behind&mdash;who are often women. It is also argued that it is crucial to explore how gendered vulnerability to climate change is intricately connected to other axes of inequality &ndash; namely class and caste.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:11:26 GMT

Are trees buffering ecosystems and livelihoods in agricultural landscapes of the Lower Mekong Basin? Consequences for climate-change adaptation

<p>This working paper analyses 1) the impacts of continuing land-use and climate changes in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) region; and 2) the potential role of increased use of trees in agricultural landscapes to reduce the negative impact of land-use changes. The study is taken to confirm that natural resources and ecosystem services &ndash; particularly water, soil and biodiversity &ndash; are degrading in the LMB. However, it is argued that trees outside forests, including agroforests, can help buffer both ecosystems and local livelihoods in agricultural landscapes, thereby enhancing their resilience. It is argued that combining local knowledge and scientific knowledge in selecting optimal combinations and spatial arrangements of suitable trees and agroforestry practices is necessary in order to maximize synergies and reduce trade-offs among different ecosystem services, between ecosystem benefits and economic benefits, and between climate-change adaptation and mitigation purposes. Policy recommendations and ideas for further research are given.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:03:15 GMT

Forests in a changing climate: a sourcebook for integrating REDD+ into academic programmes

<p>This sourcebook seeks to take stock of the knowledge, approaches, tools and initiatives that have been developed for REDD+ and to facilitate their integration into multi-disciplinary higher education programmes, especially in countries actively engaged in REDD+ readiness efforts and preparations. It aims to provide guidance on curriculum development and integration of REDD+ concepts and methods into relevant postgraduate programmes, facilitate access of REDD+ materials to universities available in the UN-REDD Programme and engage university networks as strategic platforms and centres of excellence for mainstreaming REDD+ education research, development and outreach, and to build, through university education systems, the professional capacity and leadership needed for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. The sourcebook is structured around a series of 12 modules covering the different aspects of REDD+.</p>

22 Oct 2014 10:50:24 GMT

Design for improved water supply and water management in Hihifo district, Tonga

<p>This report provides design details and costs for the proposed long-term improvements to the water supply system at Hihifo on the island of Tongatapu, Kingdom of Tonga. This is part of the demonstration project under the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) programme. The proposed project aims to provide an opportunity for the Hihifo community to use local water resources sustainably and, hence, enhance the resilience of these water resources to the impacts of current climate variability and projected climate change. The present public water (or &lsquo;town water&rsquo;) supply system at Hihifo is based on groundwater pumped directly into the distribution system and has shown a high level of unreliability and poor water quality for a number of years.</p>

22 Oct 2014 10:35:01 GMT

Planning climate resilient coastal cities: learnings from Panaji and Visakhapatnam, India

<p>This working paper is a result of TERI&rsquo;s year-long study which aimed to develop and test approaches that can increase resilience of infrastructure assets and the services they provide in developing nations. Chapter 1 of the working paper provides a brief introduction to the project. Chapter 2 and 3 provide an overview of the broad approaches adopted for this year-long assessment in the project cities of Visakhapatnam and Panaji. For each step of the study, the experiences and challenges have been summarized with an objective of sharing the learning from the project and deriving lessons for practitioners. Chapter 4 highlights a methodology called the Climate Vulnerability Assessment for Coastal Cities (CVACC) which was developed as part of this study. Chapter 5 discusses the approach for developing the recommendations for the project cities and Chapter 6 suggests key lessons and scope for future work in this area which could further strengthen this research.</p>

22 Oct 2014 10:29:25 GMT

Draft policy framework for efficient water use in energy production

<p>This report proposes a policy framework which aims to enhance harmonisation of policies linked to water and energy. It is argued that this policy framework can assist in the development of new legal/policy instruments or review of existing instruments which direct the management of water, energy and other sectors. The paper argues that there is a network of legislative and policy instruments in South Africa that directs the management of water and energy resources and that synergy amongst them needs improve, especially when it comes to the efficiency of water use in the energy sector. It is argued that there is therefore need for a framework that can assist in tracing policy links in order to achieve sustainability towards effective and efficient resource management and planning.</p>

22 Oct 2014 09:53:31 GMT

Analysis of qualitative survey on accessing, holding and trading land: synthesis report

<p>Holding and trading of urban land by the poor is still an issue in South Africa. The current report presents and analysis of a number of interviews that were undertaken by concerned NGO in nine South African settlements to shed lights on this issue. The study shows that urban land markets exist in the poorer parts of South African cities and that there is a wide variety of sub-markets in their settlements.</p><p>The paper argues that urban land markets can be said to be working well for the poor if poor households are usually able to access reasonably adequate shelter, services and physical security in a reasonable location at a reasonably affordable cost and with a reasonable de facto security of tenure. However, this is clearly not the case at the moment.</p><p>The document states that in order to address this inadequacy, the following recommendations are proposed:</p><ul><li>reforming the formal/legal/state-recognised land system to be more widely applicable and useful for the poor</li><li>providing a wider range of subsidised housing options for all categories of need</li><li>incrementally upgrading informal settlements where appropriate, rather than relocating them</li><li>stimulating the provision of good quality backyard rental accommodation</li></ul><p>The author deems that through the above recommendations, it would be possible to ensure that there are more options provided by the land markets in poorer areas and that these options are more satisfactory.</p>

21 Oct 2014 19:28:51 GMT

Young people and the digital divide in Egypt: an empirical study

<p>Digital divide is a new phenomenon emerging with the development of the information and communication technologies (ICTs). The digital divide can be defined as the gap between those with a permanent, effective access to new ICTs and those with none.</p><p>This paper uses an ordered probit model to empirically assess the determinants of the digital divide in Egypt, using a sample of 15,029 individuals between the ages of 10 and 29. The main contribution of the current study is in the construction of the ICT composite indices for Egypt -&nbsp; the digital divide index - measuring the urban and rural digital divide among youth in Egypt based on the SYPE survey. Results show that there is a positive correlation between urbanisation and the digital divide. Other control variables such as gender, wealth, and the level of education are found to be significant predictors of the digital divide as well. These results are in line with previous empirical literature.<br /><br />The report concludes:</p><ul><li>a universal service scheme that includes universal broadband coverage as a target is&nbsp; necessary to reach the social inclusion objective and consequently to overcomehe digital divide</li><li>although the ICT technologies are not the panacea for solving all problems in developing countries, they may contribute to increasing social gender equality, economic growth, and access to health care and education</li><li>in rural areas, users access the Internet through their mobile phones resulting in a higher cost of usage for them. Therefore, the rural population needs assistance in order to overcome the issue of affordability. Reducing the rural/urban gap may entail providing the necessary equipment, such as personal computers in public points of access or Internet cafes etc., to ensure Internet access</li></ul>

21 Oct 2014 14:18:45 GMT

International migration and development in East Asia and the Pacific

<p>In recent decades, divergence in income and demographic profiles within East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) has spurred increased intraregional migration. Currently, more than 7 million of the 22 million East Asian migrants are hosted in the region, with Hong Kong SAR China; Malaysia; the Republic of Korea; Singapore; and Thailand being among the top 10 destinations for migrants from EAP countries. Migrants from EAP are predominantly unskilled and increasingly female,2 with undocumented migration&mdash;facilitated by porous borders and migrant restrictions &mdash;accounting for a significant portion of the flows.<br /> <br /> This report shows that in labor-sending countries, remittances help reduce poverty signifi cantly by increasing income for migrants&rsquo; families, loosening credit constraints for migrants, and insuring migrants&rsquo; households against shocks. At the economy-wide level, remittances help finance trade deficits and bolster reserves.</p><p>Good policies are needed for managing future migration. The evidence presented in this report suggests that although the short-term benefits of migration and remittances are signifi cant, the long-term impact of migration and remittances is well below its potential because the migration industry is marked by deep market failures and implementation challenges.</p><p>This report suggests options for improving policies in three areas in labour-sending countries to increase the contribution of remittances to increasing investment and growth:</p><ul> <li>the migrant worker recruitment process</li> <li>the protection of worker welfare during employment abroad, and</li> <li>the management of remittances to increase their welfare impact</li></ul><p>On the regulatory side, the key will be to devise disincentives for rent-seeking and fraud among recruitment firms. Providing migrants with better information, financing facilities, and predeparture training can improve the management of remittances and channel them through formal financial systems. Furthermore, monetary policies to mitigate the appreciation of the real exchange rate caused by remittances flows are needed to maintain external competitiveness in these countries.</p><p>In labour-receiving countries, governments should consider adopting policies for equal treatment of migrant workers to avoid creating incentives for employers to displace local workers with cheaper foreign ones. Programmes to upgrade the skills of local workers can off set negative distributional consequences and increase the gains from migration.</p>

21 Oct 2014 11:55:30 GMT

New evidence on the gender wage gap in Indonesia

<p>Indonesia has been experiencing impressive economic growth and rapid urbanisation in recent years. However, urbanisation could affect income inequality through people&rsquo;s movement from rural to urban areas. Using the 2010 National Labor Force Survey (Sakernas) in Indonesia, this study examines how monthly wages are distributed between male and female workers and tests whether a wage gap exists between them.</p><p>Regression results reveal that urbanisation tends to benefit male workers more favourably, in terms of monthly wages, than female workers. The wage gap tends to be wider among younger workers, particularly among those who are underemployed and severely underemployed. It is also greater among public sector workers than those in the private sector. Gender wage gap in Indonesia is mainly due to gender discrimination.</p><p>This study proposes that the government implement an equal opportunity act for male and female workers who should be given equal access to work and receive equal wage given the same credentials. In particular, the government can immediately fix the gender wage gap in the public sector. It is neither fair nor efficient that equally qualified female workers receive lower wages than male workers. The Indonesian government needs to aim for more equitable growth in view of urbanisation.The economy might exhibit high but unequal growth in the future, and this is something policy makers need to address.</p>

21 Oct 2014 11:35:36 GMT

Getting down to business: lessons from the African Peer Review Mechanism

<p>The Africa Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is an initiative aimed at fostering good governance and development in its participating states. As part of its multi-pronged inquiry, it devotes a great deal of attention to investigating corporate governance on the continent. However, thus far corporate governance has attracted less attention than any other area of the APRM.</p><p>Focussing on the six Southern African Development Community (SADC) states that have thus far completed their first Country Review Reports (CRRs) &ndash; Lesotho, Mauritius, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Zambia &ndash; this report shows that corporate governance can play an important role in driving Africa&rsquo;s development. Central to the continent&rsquo;s future prospects is expanding the scope for productive business activity. This has been taking place in tandem with policy and legal reforms, driving high growth rates<br />in some countries. There remains an imperative to enhance the business environment; Africa needs more businesses, and businesses oriented towards growth as opposed to mere survival.</p>

21 Oct 2014 10:52:09 GMT

‘Good Citizens’: corporate social responsibility in Africa

<p>Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a growing consideration for businesses. The Country Review Reports (CRRs) compiled through the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) provide a unique lens through which CSR application in Africa can be gauged. Increasingly, thinking on the subject is moving beyond philanthropy to demands for the systemic integration of social concerns into business planning.<br /> <br /> This policy briefing emerges from a recent research report on corporate governance, as seen through the APRM CRRs.&nbsp; Looking at the six states of the Southern African Development Community that have undergone review &ndash; Lesotho, Mauritius, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Zambia &ndash; it analyses what they reveal about CSR in Africa, and explores the corresponding policy implications.<br /> <br /> Recommendations:</p><ul> <li>CSR is only possible with a strong business community to undertake it. CSR should be promoted through a focus on sustainability, backed by a sound regulatory environment that enhances business profitability.</li> <li>increased dialogue and better relationships between business, government and the various stakeholders are imperative. Businesses need to understand the nature of CSR demands, while other players must understand businesses&rsquo; constraints. To this end, strong, independent business chambers and institutes of directors are necessary.</li> <li>business organisations should encourage CSR at all levels, and popularise the business case for integrated CSR planning. The substance of CSR, rather than its appearance, must be emphasised</li> <li>beyond the demands of the law, CSR must be recognised as being fundamentally voluntary. Mandatory demands for percentage-based CSI, or for contributions to particular causes to the exclusion of others, will impose burdens on companies that they may find difficult to shoulder</li> <li>official recognition of CSR and CSI (eg, through tax incentives) should be wide-ranging, allowing latitude for companies to undertake activities that suit their resources, skills and concerns</li></ul>

21 Oct 2014 10:38:05 GMT

Corporate governance in Africa’s state-owned enterprises: perspectives on an evolving system

<p>The African Peer Review Mechanism&rsquo;s (APRM) Country Review Reports (CRRs) provide a unique overview of central themes in Africa&rsquo;s political economy, and the insights they provide into corporate governance are particularly useful. State-owned enterprises (SOEs) are a significant element in Africa&rsquo;s economies, and as such their participation in the corporate governance regime is important if they are to come into their own.<br /> <br /> This policy briefing emerges from a recent research report on corporate governance, as seen through the eyes of the APRM&rsquo;s CRRs.&nbsp; Looking at the six statesof the Southern African Development Community that have undergone review &ndash; Lesotho, Mauritius, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Zambia &ndash;&nbsp; this briefing explores the role of SOEs in the emerging system of corporate governance in Africa.</p><p>Recommendations:</p><ul> <li>the legal and regulatory framework must be clear, coherent and implementable. This needs extensive research and consultation, and ongoing review of the systems. Consideration should be given to passing dedicated &lsquo;SOE Acts&rsquo;</li> <li>where SOEs must venture into endeavours that cannot be justified commercially, the grounds and procedures for doing so must be properly set out, and defined in law</li> <li>appointments, particularly to boards, must be merit-based, and politicisation &ndash; whether for ideological or patronage purposes &ndash; must be avoided. In common with broader trends in corporate governance internationally, SOEs must acknowledge their responsibilities to all stakeholders, and resist the temptation to view these as represented collectively by<br /> government</li> <li>independent bodies for SOE oversight, regulation and board appointments is a good model &ndash; provided their independence is respected in fact. Where such bodies oversee both SOEs and private sector companies, scrupulous impartiality must be observed</li></ul>

21 Oct 2014 10:22:32 GMT

Access to urban land: a handbook for community organisations

<p>Lack of access to urban land by the poor is one of the biggest challenges facing South African cities. Urban LandMark, a focused NGO, organised a series of workshops across the country to document the experiences and views of community organisations with regard to urban land issues; this paper overviews the outcomes of these workshops.</p><p>The paper notes that the reasons for there being large numbers of people unable to access land in South African cities include poverty and unaffordability, insufficient impact of government policies and programmes, and weak state of civil society.</p><p>The document argues that in order to take any action about accessing land, it is essential that the community is organised. Consequently, civil society needs to advocate and lobby for changes in policy and practice to ensure that poor households can access well-located urban land. In this respect, potential solutions for addressing the urban land problem that could be advocated contain:</p><ul><li>changing the formal land system to make it work better for the poor, and improving and expanding the Housing Subsidy Scheme</li><li>developing pro-poor municipal land strategies that identify, acquire and release land for the poor</li><li>incrementally upgrading informal settlements where appropriate, rather than relocating them</li><li>greater participation by communities&nbsp; and promotion of community-based development</li></ul>

21 Oct 2014 10:20:02 GMT

Building an African corporate governance

<p>Developing a suitable system of corporate governance is an important priority for Africa. Corporate governance is underdeveloped on the continent &ndash; outside particular pockets &ndash; but the emerging system<br />reflects a mix of universal and distinctly African elements. Central to the latter is the recognition that corporate governance demands consideration of the interests of stakeholders beyond businesses, and<br />that socio-economic rather than purely financial criteria should measure their activities. Africa needs to nurture its corporate governance system with an eye to what is possible for its emerging business sector, so that the demands are realistic and contribute to business growth.<br /><br />Recommendations:</p><ul><li>governments must undertake ongoing reforms of the business climate. Making regulatory demands manageable is a key area</li><li>Africa must consciously nurture its corporate governance infrastructure. Both state- and privately-run institutions are critical for conducting research and training, and for developing corporate governance systems. Several governments have helped establish bodies such as institutes of directors. These must be wellresourced and operationally independent, especially as they are critical for navigating the sensitive interface between political and business interests in Africa&rsquo;s economic take-off</li><li>Cross-border co-operation on corporate governance is imperative. The assistance provided by South African experts in developing codes elsewhere, and the information exchange intended by the African Corporate Governance Network, should be emulated and expanded.<br />Partnerships between businesses, professional bodies, governments and academia should be encouraged</li><li>reliable information enables well-informed solutions, founded on evidence. Rectifying information deficits is critical for Africa&rsquo;s longterm economic prospects</li></ul>

21 Oct 2014 10:03:02 GMT

Will rising democracies adopt pro-human rights foreign policies?

<p>As democratisation unfolded in countries such as Brazil, India, Indonesia and South Africa, it was hoped that these states would find common ground with more established democracies. While emerging and established democracies have collaborated in responding to grave human rights abuses in Myanmar, North Korea and Libya, among others, serious cleavages remain.</p><p>This report argues that while the common vocabulary on human rights is strong at the international level, there are significant disagreements about how best to promote and protect them, particularly in difficult cases where other interests take precedence.</p><p>Recommendations:</p><ul><li>human rights advocates can work with parliaments, diplomats, military officials and national security leaders to raise awareness, encourage state action and demand more open and accountable national security decision-making</li><li>advocates and researchers can build up their own capacity to understand foreign policy decisionmaking and work with like-minded colleagues around the world on human rights solidarity campaigns</li><li>the human rights community should continue to work through existing international and regional institutions to advance multilateral strategies to protect human rights, as<br />has been done at the HRC. Staying in contact with the Special Procedures mandate holders and offering input<br />on UPR reports are examples of this</li><li>states should engage in bilateral and regional diplomatic efforts to build coalitions and partnerships to reinforce<br />the importance of elevating human rights as a critical security matter and warning sign of conflict, forced<br />migration and humanitarian crisis</li><li>civil society groups should work with HRC Net and others to mobilise responses to human rights violations, engaging at the national and international level to pressure states to defend core values</li></ul>

21 Oct 2014 09:48:15 GMT

The political economy of corruption and REDD+: lessons from the Philippines' pilot sites

<p>Corruption is a continuing feature of the Philippines&rsquo; natural resource sectors. Given keen interest in the country&rsquo;s REDD+ potential, it is useful to consider corruption risks related to REDD+ from a political economy perspective.</p><p>This U4 Issue draws on fieldwork from two REDD+ pilot sites to assess current governance and anti-corruption safeguards related to benefit-sharing, land tenure rights for indigenous peoples, and private sector involvement. Many anti corruption actions are in place in the pilot sites, but they are weakly embedded in social relations at the local level. More work is required to raise awareness of the benefits of governance safeguards to livelihoods and security of land tenure. The lack of a national REDD+ coordinating body means that the collection and dissemination of relevant anti-corruption lessons for REDD+ nationally remains challenging. Existing anti-corruption initiatives require solid implementation strategies as well as adequate financial support.</p>

21 Oct 2014 09:35:54 GMT

Drivers of corruption: a brief review

<p>For many years, corruption was seen as primarily, if not exclusively, a political problem with little or no relevance to economic development. Recently, however, the nexus between corruption and governance issues, on theone hand, and development, including economic development, on the other, has become clear.</p><p>Along with the evolution in their understanding of corruption as a development issue, the international financial institutions (IFIs), have developed legal and policy frameworks to deal with corruption in their operations.&nbsp; This paper provides an overview of scholarly literature explaining the risk of corruption, and looks at policy implications amd areas for further research.</p><p>The report concludes that:</p><ul><li>anticorruption is now on the political agenda in most countries, formal and informal controls haveimproved, and the space for conducting corrupt acts has shrunk</li><li>however, corruption persists because actors with authority profit and the risks cannot be completely eradicated. Constant awareness of how strategies against corruption can be made more efficient is required, and governments, organisations, and state institutions should draw on the knowledge at hand</li><li>cross-disciplinary collaboration is needed to advance this agenda, because solutions require understanding of such topics as an individual&rsquo;s psychology, framework conditions, formal and informal structures andnorms, organizations in the private and public sector, and legal aspects</li></ul>

21 Oct 2014 09:23:22 GMT

Scoping study: local land registration practices in South Africa

<p>Recognition of what exists in informal settlement upgrading is particularly important in comparison with greenfields development. This report is intended to inform the work in the tenure theme area on securing and managing land rights in informal settlement upgrading processes in South Africa.</p><p>The paper finds evidence that communities and community structures have created their own land registration practices and that few, if any, are untouched by the hand of the state. The state has also initiated land registration practices primarily in opening municipal registers of informal settlement occupants.</p><p>The document argues that the de facto rights and claims of households should be identified in upgrading interventions, and accommodated, where possible. This preferably needs to be done in consultation with communities and community organisations.</p><p>Policy implications include:</p><ul><li>incremental upgrading approaches secure rights on a more gradual basis, and at first on a less individualised basis, which better accommodates what already exists</li><li>it should be noted that the impact of the state&rsquo;s presence on these existing forms of evidence can undermine tenure security; therefore, intervention should be light and sensible</li><li>once a basic tenure security is in place, the door can be opened to more collaborative state/community relationships for engaging on the more detailed and individualised aspects of tenure regularisation</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

20 Oct 2014 10:22:14 GMT

LANDfirst campaign strategy: policy, people, participation

<p>LANDfirst (LF) is an approach to settlement development that emphasises the provision of planned secure land with basic services as a first step towards a longer-term housing and settlement upgrading process. This document aims to define and locate campaigns as an advocacy tool for LF and propose a campaign strategy for it.</p><p>The paper states that there are various ways in which LF can approach advocacy campaigns. Nevertheless, it recommends the following combination of approaches:</p><ul><li>developing channels of communication to influence emerging policy and policy revision in the areas of land and housing, besides building platforms for engaging state and policy government debates</li><li>increasing the capacity of affected poor people to understand their rights in relation to the constitution and an established legal framework, and reinforcing legal rights underpinned by constitutional framework</li><li>building consensus between like-minded groups towards a common goal for LF, and developing platforms for networking and building common positions on issues</li></ul><p>The authors underscore that the inequalities that LF aims to tackle with regard to land and housing must be considered in the communications terrain. Therefore, more concerted efforts to have multilayered systems of consultation, communication and feedback, particularly with its &ldquo;beneficiary&rdquo; stakeholders must be considered. Moreover, the authors propose the creation of an LF learning network that would in essence function as a &ldquo;community of practice&rdquo; to help develop the LF model.</p>

19 Oct 2014 19:53:35 GMT

Towards managed land settlement: a review of 5 South African case studies

<p>The Managed Land Settlement (MLS) approach is about the provision of basic development products to all people in need of land for settlement development purposes no matter where they come from. The purpose of this report is to explore the lessons which can be learnt from programmes and projects which have adopted an MLS-like approach to Greenfields development in South Africa.</p><p>The paper presents a set of case studies and introduces some notable findings:</p><ul><li>in order for any programme to succeed, it requires wide and deep political support on the one hand, and it should be simple and widely acceptable on the other hand</li><li>inter government coordination is crucial when it comes to different departments being responsible for land access, infrastructure service delivery and housing</li><li>it is important that not only the officials are well versed in the policy, but also the professionals and services providers as well</li><li>the decision-makers need to be willing to think outside the box and allow for people on the ground to be creative in their approach to a project</li></ul><p>Still, the author argues that the incremental upgrade process in rural areas is a long term process as there is currently no enabling legislation which provides for individual title to be issued. Therefore, improvements to create better housing would be undertaken by the residents themselves.</p>

18 Oct 2014 19:29:31 GMT

The struggle for property ownership in New Crossroads: the 'tandpyn' that won't go away

<p>This document explores the consequences of home ownership for poor citizens living in informal settlements in South Africa, focusing particularly on &ldquo;New Crossroads&rdquo; in Cape Town.</p><p>The paper reflects the findings of a socio-economic baseline study produced by a concerned NGO and focused on the community of New Crossroads. The study shows that residents in New Crossroads don&rsquo;t comprehend complex property-related concepts such as &ldquo;rates&rdquo; and accompanying home-ownership rights and obligations. As a result, they don&rsquo;t actively communicate with municipalities regarding property-related matters.</p><p>Findings include:</p><ul><li>an asset cannot simply be delivered from &ldquo;above&rdquo; without educating the recipients about the consequences arising from owing these assets</li><li>it&rsquo;s crucial for municipalities to communicate policy instruments on offer and engage at local level in order to ensure that policies become more widely known</li><li>the development of a community-based programme of action for New Crossroads and the identification of some priority issues to be tackled are highly recommended</li></ul><p>Lessons learned are that:</p><ul><li>it is essential for the government to listen, prioritise, and respond quickly to housing and service delivery challenges on the ground, before they flare up into violent protest</li><li>institutional instability and uncooperative governance have a considerable negative influence on residents&rsquo; ability to resolve civic challenges</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

17 Oct 2014 18:24:13 GMT

Zambia country profile: Monitoring, reporting and verification for REDD+

<p>This report provides an overview of the national REDD+ strategy and institutional capacity for Monitoring Reporting and Verification (MRV) of REDD+ as well as the current state of knowledge of various elements critical to MRV of REDD+ in Zambia including: Current drivers and rates of deforestation and forest degradation; a review of standing biomass, forest growth rates and carbon stock estimates; and data sets available for MRV in Zambia. The report also identifies knowledge and data gaps that need to be filled in order to develop an effective MRV system for REDD+ in the country. Key knowledge gaps, such as carbon stocks and growth rates within different forest types, are outlined as well as recommendations as to how knowledge gaps and capacity to implement MRV of REDD+ can be addressed.</p>

17 Oct 2014 15:20:30 GMT

Eliminating mother to child transmission of HIV in Uganda by 2015 – what will it take?: Abridged version

<p>This document is an abridged version of the synthesis report titled &ldquo;Eliminating Mother‐to‐Child Transmission of HIV in Uganda by 2015: What will it take?&rdquo;. It presents a synthesis of knowledge on EMTCT in Uganda, building on international and local literature, statistics, case studies, key stakeholder perspectives and other knowledge.&nbsp;</p>

17 Oct 2014 15:14:44 GMT

Changing Small Island Developing States: A space perspective on environmental change in the Caribbean

<p>This publication focuses on high-resolution imagery processed to illustrate the impacts on Small Island Developing States of the Caribbean of climate change, sea-level rise, coral bleaching, uncontrolled urban and tourism development, severe deforestation and selected natural hazards such as earthquakes, hurricanes, flooding and landslides. Through a series of case studies the report, written in English and Spanish, documents environmental changes in estuaries, mangroves, corals, coastlines and forests; as well as different approaches to land use and conservation; urbanization, tourism infrastructure and industrialization and finally disasters from pre-event hazard maps to impacts such as flooding and landslides and finally reconstruction efforts.</p>

17 Oct 2014 15:14:35 GMT

Display Next Eldis Development News [eldis.org]

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2014: Addressing the social implications of green growth

The 2014 Forum will examine the distributional consequences of implementing green growth strategies and their impact on employment, skills and income.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth

The Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth will address cities’ unique role in creating synergies between environmental and economic objectives to advance green growth. Asian cities in particular are at the centre of this challenge. This event is organised as a commemorative event for the 50th Anniversary of Japan's Accession to the OECD.

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The right kind of green growth

As part of its Green Growth Strategy, the OECD is developing a set of indicators for agriculture. A Preliminary Assessment has just been published, and a selection of indicators has been identified to capture key aspects of a low-carbon, resource-efficient agricultural sector.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 08:40:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

Blog: Building a case for green private investment by Simon Upton

If we are to meet the goal of keeping global warming to 2 degrees, governments need to engage now to get on the right track to achieve zero‑net greenhouse emissions from combustion of fossil fuels in the second half of this century. Given the urgency of doing so, why does our dependence on fossil fuels appear to be unshaken?

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Nanotechnology and tyres: Greening industry and transport

The report presents the potential of new nanomaterials and highlights the remaining challenges for their safe and sustainable introduction in the tyre industry.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Green Growth Newsletter

All issues of the OECD Green Growth Newsletter

Mon, 28 Jul 2014 15:07:00 GMT

Making the best of new energy resources in the United States

Since around 2007, the country has been enjoying an “energy renaissance” thanks to its abundant stocks of shale oil and gas. The resurgence in oil and gas production is beginning to create discernible economic impacts and has changed the landscape for natural gas prices in the United States, boosting competitiveness.

Thu, 24 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Green growth indicators

Policies that promote green growth need to be founded on a good understanding of the different factors that affect green growth, and appropriate information is needed to monitor progress and measure results.

Wed, 23 Jul 2014 09:29:00 GMT

The Diesel Differential: Differences in the tax treatment of gasoline and diesel for road use

Diesel and gasoline account for around 95% of energy used for road transport in the OECD and for the largest share of revenue from taxes on energy. In 33 out of 34 OECD countries, diesel fuel is taxed at lower rates than gasoline both in terms of energy and carbon content.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 11:25:00 GMT

Consequences of climate change damages for economic growth – a dynamic quantitative assessment

This report focuses on the effects of climate change impacts on economic growth. The analysis finds that the effect of climate change impacts on annual global GDP is projected to increase over time, leading to a global GDP loss of 0.7% to 2.5% by 2060 for the most likely equilibrium climate sensitivity range.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Paris Policy Forum - Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: from concept to implementation

The policy forum officially launches the conceptual framework to the public and offers an opportunity for participants to discuss the key issues for emerging Asia: housing, buildings and energy, land use and transport, water and waste management, green goods and services.

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Webcast of OECD Forum 2014: Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies

Forum 2014, entitled Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies, will be organised around three cross-cutting themes: Inclusive Growth, Jobs, and Trust, exploring the multifaceted nature of resilience and how to now “bounce forward” in addressing economic, social, and environmental challenges.

Mon, 05 May 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Find out about the Green Growth Platform and its upcoming activities

The Ministerial Green Growth Group (GGG) is an informal grouping of like-minded energy, environment and climate Ministers from across 13 EU member states who have come together to work towards a pro-growth and pro-climate EU agenda. The group meets regularly to discuss and co-ordinate positions on EU low carbon matters and to promote, with businesses and investors, an ambitious EU decarbonisation growth agenda.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 10:06:00 GMT

Greener Skills and Jobs

The successful transition to a low-carbon economy will only be possible if workers can flexibly adapt and transfer from areas of decreasing employment to new industries. This paper suggests that the role of skills and education and training policies should be an important component of the ecological transformation process.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 12:03:00 GMT

OECD LEED-Cedefop 2nd Green Skills Forum 2014 (Paris, France)

LEED and Cedefop organise the second edition of the Green Skills Forum which will bring together experts in innovation, employability and skills development and lessons from work conducted by the OECD, Cedefop, and other organisations on the implications of the green economy for skills development and training policies.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 00:00:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

Workshop: Potential of social enterprises for job creation and green economy - how to stimulate their start and development?

The last decade has seen considerable policy attention to the social economy and its contribution to employment, in particular as regards the inclusion and empowerment of vulnerable workers and the provision of appropriate working conditions.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 08:00:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Project: Measuring the potential of green growth: Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy

This LEED project aims to to define key indicators of area-based transition to a low-carbon economy. The objective is to define measurable indicators at regional/local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 06 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

ITF Transport Outlook 2013

The ITF Transport Outlook 2013 presents and discusses global scenarios concerning the development of transport volumes through 2050. The analysis highlights the impact of alternative economic growth scenarios on passenger and freight flows and the consequences of rapid urbanisation outside the OECD.

Tue, 10 Dec 2013 14:06:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

Environmental policies and productivity growth - a critical review of empirical findings

This paper reviews the empirical evidence on the link between environmental policy stringency and productivity growth, and the various channels through which such effects can take place.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Green growth challenges and the need for an energy reform in Mexico

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 10:14:00 GMT

Evading the Net: Tax Crime in the Fisheries Sector

This report looks at the issue of tax crime in the fisheries sector, including frauds over taxes on profit and earnings, customs duties, VAT and social security, with examples from real cases.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 14:01:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

The OECD Handbook for Fisheries Managers

The value of fishery resources lies in its ability to support public goals and objectives. If the fishery is expected to support economic, social and environmental objectives, it is important for fishery managers to recognise the primacy of these goals even if stock management remains their principle task. This handbook discusses the role of objectives and how to carry out an effective policy design and implementation process.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Green Growth Newsletter, October 2013

Headlines: 2013 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum, 5-6 December 2013; In Focus: Water – International Year of Water, World Water Week and the OECD's Work on Water; Promoting Green Investment in Costa Rica; Promoting Green Growth in Brandenburg; Making Growth Green and Inclusive – The Case of Cambodia; Latest publications and key upcoming events.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 15:26:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Marine Biotechnology: Enabling Solutions for Ocean Productivity and Sustainability

This book discusses scientific and technological tools at the centre of a renewed interest in marine biotechnology that is contributing to a new bioeconomy sector in many countries and offering potential new solutions to global challenges.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 11:43:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Cambodia

Key questions for development planning today in countries include: Can developing countries strike a balance between economic growth, societal well-being and environmental protection? Can inclusive, green growth be a way forward? This report presents a case study on Cambodia designed to answer these questions.

Mon, 12 Aug 2013 16:24:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Restructuring the electricity sector and promoting green growth in Japan

The 2011 disaster and nuclear problems opened the door to a new energy policy, as they raisedfundamental questions about the electricity system’s ability to prevent and respond to accidents.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Greening growth in Luxembourg

With strong economic growth overall and an increasingly important role as a regional economic centre, Luxembourg is experiencing mounting environmental pressures. This is mainly a result of a growing population and a rapid increase in transport, which is dominated by the car, as the number of workers commuting within Luxembourg and from across the border has risen rapidly.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Providing Agri-Environmental Public Goods Through Collective Action

Collective action is key to improving the agricultural environment given its effectiveness in dealing with agri-environmental externalities that are beyond the capacity of the individual farmer to manage. This study provides an extensive literature review and analyses 25 case studies from 13 OECD countries to examine how policies could and should be used to promote collective action.

Fri, 28 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Lithuania adheres to OECD Declaration on Green Growth

Following the delivery of the Strategy in May 2011, green growth will be mainstreamed in OECD analytical work to enrich guidance on a number of country, sector and issue-specific areas. This will involve integrating green growth considerations in Economic Surveys, Environmental Performance Reviews and Innovation Reviews.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 15:06:00 GMT

Nanotechnology for Green Innovation

This paper brings together information collected through Working Party on Nanotechnology discussions and projects. It relies in particular on preliminary results from a project on the responsible development of nanotechnology and outcomes of a symposium held in 2012.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 17:36:00 GMT

Blog: Climate Change and Health Beyond 2015 - The Sustainable Development Agenda

Health is both a precondition for, and an outcome of, sustainable development. Climate change affects health through a myriad of exposure pathways, each presenting simultaneously both challenges and opportunities for sustainable health and development.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 14:10:00 GMT

Blog: Putting green growth at the heart of development

The rapid pace of development in many developing countries raises the stakes for investments in development, but also begs reflection on the patterns or types of growth that are appropriate for a particular country context.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 14:53:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Ethiopia

This working paper reflects on green growth policy in Ethiopia – it explores green growth already in action – a range of on-the-ground activities which point to scale-up options for the future.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 10:27:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Putting green growth at the heard of development

Over the past 20 years, the global development landscape has changed dramatically. At the same time, we face unprecedented global challenges and growing instability, with looming financial and economic crises, and growing unemployment, food insecurity, political instability and environmental threats.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 10:44:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD ProgBlog - Financing our Future: Sustainable Development Financing Strategy

As discussions to develop a set of sustainable development goals (SDGs) build momentum, attention is starting to shift towards not only what the world should try to achieve, but also how to go about it.

Tue, 04 Jun 2013 15:48:00 GMT

OECD Forum 2013 issue on fostering sustainability

This year's forum focuses on three key themes: Promoting inclusive growth, Rebuilding trust and Fostering sustainability. The Forum brings together ministers, business, labour, civil society and academia to share policies and ideas. It feeds into the Ministerial Meeting, where government leaders and ministers discuss issues on the global agenda.

Tue, 28 May 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Investing in a sustainable future

Investment strategies almost never consider external costs to the environment when calculating potential returns. But incorporating environmental risk and sustainability into investor mindsets is possible– and urgent.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:45:00 GMT

Report: Green growth in the Benelux - Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border regions (Benelux)

This paper discusses the results of the 2011-2012 OECD LEED study of measuring green growth in the Benelux countries (Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg). The study paid particular attention to the challenges of measuring the transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border areas as they have additional levels of complexity when it comes to measuring and monitoring their low-carbon transition.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:21:00 GMT

Green Growth in Cities

Green Growth in Cities presents the OECD Green Cities Programme’s main findings and policy recommendations, and provides a preliminary approach to measuring green growth in cities

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:20:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Ports: How to Get More Value for Money?

Ports are the nervous system of global trade. Over 80% of world cargo (by volume) is transported by sea. Our efforts to raise the efficiency, competitiveness and sustainability of ports can help boost trade, growth and jobs. It can also help us to promote green growth and development in the poorest regions, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 22 May 2013 14:07:00 GMT

Economic Survey of Mexico 2013

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Tue, 21 May 2013 14:38:00 GMT

Urbanisation and Green Growth in China

This working paper assesses national policy and governance mechanisms that can influence green growth in Chinese cities.

Fri, 17 May 2013 19:40:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

Return from the dead?

Old ways of thinking won’t bring developed countries back to economic life. Weighed down by the legacy of the crisis, they also face deep challenges like a faltering labour supply and slowing innovation. And growth itself won’t be enough–it must also be stable, inclusive and green. The need for structural reforms has never been greater, but they will require difficult trade-offs.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 10:20:00 GMT

OECD/BIAC Workshop: Green Growth in the Agro-Food Chain: What Role for the Private Sector?

What is the role of the private sector in greening the agro-food chain? This OECD/BIAC workshop will examine such issues as the role of new technologies in increasing productivity and reducing waste, as well as developing private-public partnerships.

Wed, 24 Apr 2013 17:43:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Greening our Knowledge

Strong international cooperation on testing, exploring and refining measurement tools on green growth is essential to support implementation and assessment of policies in both developed and developing countries, said OECD Secretary-General.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2015 annual Conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

What have we learned from attempts to introduce green-growth policies?

Long-term projections suggest that without policy changes, the continuation of business-as-usual economic growth and development will have serious impacts on natural resources and the ecosystem services on which human well-being depends.

Wed, 27 Mar 2013 15:07:00 GMT

The price of oil – will it start rising again?

Following a sharp drop amidst the global economic crisis and a subsequent recovery, the spot price of crude oil has been broadly stable for the past couple of years. This paper discusses the factors that drive oil demand and supply and, hence, the price of the resource.

Wed, 06 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

Although the market for green goods and services is growing, the development of new business models is affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

New business models can help reduce environmental pollution, optimise the use of natural resources, increase productivity and energy efficiency, and provide a new source of economic growth. The development of new business models is also affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 10:33:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector: Proceedings of a Joint FAO/OECD Workshop

To help meet the challenges posed by climate change, the agriculture sector should increase its resilience. This book presents the summary and papers from a joint workshop by FAO and OECD that looked at how agriculture can build resilience for adaptation to climate change.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Korea’s National Green Growth Committee Meeting

Putting “Green” at the core of a country’s “Growth” strategy is intelligent public policy at its best! Korea understands that there is no trade-off between green and growth. Much to the contrary: there are strong synergies that can be exploited between pro-growth and pro-green policies.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 08:43:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Report: Measuring the potential of local green growth - An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

This report presents, for the first time a local ‘green growth’ indicator framework. This indicator framework was developed from the OECD ‘green growth’ strategy at the national level, but modified to highlight issues of transition that are most relevant for local areas.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Conference: Innovation in skills development for SMEs competitiveness (Ankara, Turkey)

The conference discussed the results of the project as well as policy recommendations on training and skills development for the creation of an innovative and competitive SME sector in OECD countries.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green Innovation In Tourism

This working paper on Green Innovation in Tourism Services seeks to analyse the role of green innovation in the transition of tourism enterprises (hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, tour operators) to a green economy; how green innovation in tourism is supported in OECD countries (e.g. specific structures, mechanisms and good practices); and what can be done to accelerate the diffusion of green innovation in the sector.

Mon, 10 Dec 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Workshop: Measuring the potential of green growth in Chile (Santiago, Chile)

Chile's OECD membership presents challenges both in the context of changing patterns of production and consumption, and in the framework of a more sustainable economy. Specifically, green growth emphasizes improving growth rates, particularly through greening existing industries, as well as through new eco-businesses.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Joint OECD-GGGI Workshop: Green growth development paths for a better future

Surrounding the 2012 GG-SD Forum, a joint OECD-GGGI (Global Green Growth Institute) workshop took place on 22 November. The workshop featured a discussion among experts and policy makers from developing countries with the aim of sharing evidence and experience on how to create an enabling framework and design policy options for overcoming key challenges and prioritizing inclusive green growth opportunities.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:40:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform

The GGKP has been developed in partnership between the GGGI, the OECD, UNEP, and the World Bank, to help address major knowledge gaps in green growth theory and practice, and to help countries design and implement green growth policy.

Tue, 16 Oct 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Linking Renewable Energy to Rural Development

This new publication looks at how renewable energy can bring the greatest benefits to host regions.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 08:08:00 GMT

Measuring the potential of local green growth: An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

Secretary-General Angel Gurría addresses the Lord Mayor of Copenhagen and others to discuss highlights of the forthcoming OECD report on local green growth, as part of our efforts to develop more effective tools for measuring cities’ progress and monitoring the impact of green policies.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:42:00 GMT

Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) 2012

The second Forum – 3GF2012 – will be held in Denmark on 8-9 October 2012 under the thematic headline “Resource Efficiency and Growth”.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 09:41:00 GMT

Financing Green Urban Infrastructure

This paper presents an overview of practices and challenges related to financing green sustainable cities. Cities are essential actors in stimulating green infrastructure; and urban finance is one of the promising ways in which this can be achieved. Cities are key investors in infrastructure with green potential, such as buildings, transport, water and waste.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 10:09:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

Climate change policies in Germany: make ambition pay

Germany reduced greenhouse gas emissions substantially but remains an important emitter. Ambitious targets for climate change mitigation have been fixed and a broad range of environmental measures are being implemented.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Tue, 18 Sep 2012 15:40:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

Workshop: Indicators of local transition to low-carbon economy (Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz, Germany)

The Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz and the Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau in partnership with the OECD Local Economic and Employment Development Programme (LEED) are working on defining and collecting measurable indicators at the regional/ local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Market Development for Green Cars

This report reviews government policies and attempts to provide a better understanding of the growing market for green vehicles as well as new analytical instruments to identify measures that could be designed to foster the uptake of green cars.

Fri, 07 Sep 2012 14:10:00 GMT

Avoiding debt traps: financial backstops and structural reforms

In this paper we develop a simple analytical framework to analyze “good” and “bad equilibria” in public-debt and growth dynamics.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 16:11:00 GMT

Towards green growth in Denmark: improving energy and climate change policies

Denmark’s green growth strategy focuses on moving the energy system away from fossil fuels and investing in green technologies, while limiting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 15:17:00 GMT

OECD and Rio+20

OECD’s contribution to the Rio+20 Conference focused on how to promote greener economies in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Compact City Policies: A Comparative Assessment

This comprehensive review of compact city policies will provide food for thought for national, sub-national and municipal governments as they seek to address their economic and environmental challenges through the development and implementation of spatial strategies.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Achieving the “low carbon, green growth” vision in Korea

Korea, which has had the highest growth rate of greenhouse gas emissions in the OECD area since 1990, adopted an ambitious Green Growth Strategy in 2009.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy” provides an in-depth analysis of how green growth will reshape labour markets. It also describes the role that labour market and skill policies can play in maximising the benefits of economic greening for workers

Sun, 03 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Green Growth Seminar

The costs and consequences of inaction would be colossal, in economic, environmental and human terms. The truth is that changing our model of growth and making it greener and more inclusive is the only credible strategy that we have.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green growth in action: Mexico

Mexico has taken action on a number of fronts to implement green growth policies, including integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation plans into their National Development Plan, and implementing energy price schemes that reflect the opportunity costs of consumption. Mexico is also developing its green growth indicators, using the OECD set of green growth indicators proposed in “Towards Green Growth: Monitoring Progress

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture in a Global Context

To nourish the world population in 2050, we must increase food availability by 70 to 100%. This means that we need to engineer a shift towards policies that support innovation, productivity and sustainability and that provide farmers with the skills they need to grasp the opportunities of strong demand and high prices.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Sustainable Development [oecd.org]

OECD Global Forum on Trade 2014

The second Global Forum on Trade 2014 will be held at OECD in Paris on 4, November 2014.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 13:25:00 GMT

AMIS Market Monitor - News

Latest indications confirm the abundance of wheat supplies and improved production prospects for maize. The outlook for soybeans is equally positive. Although rice production prospects have been revised downwardsomewhat, availabilities remain ample. Against this background, international prices of AMIS cropsgenerally weakened in September.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 10:42:00 GMT

OECD participating in the WTO Public Forum 2014

The OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate will have an informational booth at this year's WTO Forum trade & people fair and will also host a panel discussion on trade and jobs.

Wed, 01 Oct 2014 09:20:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Coordinated Assistance for Implementation of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement

ITC, OECD, UNCTAD, UNECE on behalf of the UN Regional Commissions of ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP and ESCWA, WBG and WCO reaffirm their support in a comprehensive and coordinated manner to such economies in implementing the TFA - in close collaboration with the WTO and the donor community.

Tue, 22 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Development Week 2014

The OECD Development Week (30 June, 1- 3 July 2014) is organised by the OECD Development Centre. High-level policy makers, representatives of the private sector, investors, civil society organisations, foundations and think tanks will gather at the OECD to look into current patterns of globalisation and explore more dynamic paths for inclusive and sustainable growth at global, regional and national levels.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:29:00 GMT

OECD Insights Blog: The transatlantic trade deal must work for the people, or it won’t work at all

Blog post by OECD TUAC, ETUC and AFL-CIO on why the transatlantic trade deal TTIP must work for the people, or it won’t work at all.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:28:00 GMT

Monitoring trade and investment measures

G20 Leaders are firmly committed to open trade and investment and to resisting protectionism in all its forms. They have mandated WTO, OECD and UNCTAD – the leading international organisations in the area of international trade and investment policies – to monitor policy developments and report publicly on these commitments.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 08:39:00 GMT

Aiming high: the values-driven economic potential of a successful TTIP deal

Guest post from EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht on the OECD Insights blog discussing the economic potential of a successful TTIP deal.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

New evidence on Africa’s integration into global value chains

The African economy is undergoing diversification and becoming more integrated into the world economy. But whether the current pace of change is sufficient to achieve lasting structural transformation is another question.In order for GVCs to contribute positively to structural change, policy also needs to adapt.

Fri, 06 Jun 2014 15:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

African countries need to tap global markets more effectively to strengthen their economies, says new African Economic Outlook

By participating more effectively in the global production of goods and services, Africa can transform its economy and achieve a development breakthrough, according to the latest African Economic Outlook, released at the African Development Bank Group’s Annual Meetings.

Mon, 19 May 2014 09:16:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

International Business Dialogue 2014: Better Regulation to Enhance Trade

The objective of the International Business Dialogue 2014 is to collect input from the business community on regulatory impediments to trade and identify areas to improve international regulatory cooperation.

Mon, 14 Apr 2014 12:08:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement – Potential Impact on Trade Costs [pdf

This brand new report from the OECD examines the potential impact of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement concluded in Bali on trade costs.

Tue, 25 Feb 2014 15:21:00 GMT

EU-US trade and investment talks: Why they matter

Talks to free up more trade and investment between the European Union and the United States got under way early in 2013. A good agreement in 2014 would be a positive thing, and not just for the EU and the US.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:25:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali: too good a prize to pass up

As the OECD's latest global economic forecast has confirmed, world trade is now growing at an extremely low rate. This brings into stark focus the need for trade negotiators at the WTO to cut a deal to bring a much-needed boost to world trade and the global economy.

Fri, 29 Nov 2013 17:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2013

Merchandise trade imports and exports in G7 and BRICS economies grew by 1.4% during the third quarter of 2013, offsetting the contractions seen in the previous quarter.

Thu, 28 Nov 2013 09:28:00 GMT

Premium and Interest Rates related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding

This page holds all the latest information related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding, including the latest interest rates.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 08:59:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 29 Aug 2013 17:27:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Launch of Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013

We have come a long way since 2005, when we launched the Aid for Trade initiative in Hong Kong at the 6th WTO Ministerial Conference. Each successive global review has deepened our analysis and broadened our understanding of the dynamics of aid, trade, development and their interaction. In parallel, more and more partner countries and donors have come on board as the tangible results of our efforts become apparent.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 10:18:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Road connectivity and the border effect: evidence from Europe

Several studies have reported a large negative effect of national borders on the volume of trade. We provide new estimates of the border effect for continental Europe using road rather than great circle – or "as-crows-fly" – distance.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 09:52:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Aid for Trade and Development Results: A Management Framework

The purpose of this OECD Study is to provide the aid-for-trade community with good practices in designing and introducing results frameworks for aid-for-trade projects, and programmes based on country-defined quantifiable targets and a menu of limited number of indicators to measure performance (i.e. outcomes and impacts). We have prepared case studies focusing on Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana, Rwanda, Solomon Islands and Vietnam.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:15:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

The Construction of a New International Economic Order

To better integrate their economies into Global Value Chains, governments need a fine-tuned understanding of their dynamics and policies, and we have made considerable progress on this front. For example, we have learned that success in international markets depends as much on the capacity to import high-quality inputs as on the capacity to export: intermediate inputs account for over 2/3 of the goods and 70% of the services we trade.

Wed, 26 Jun 2013 17:51:00 GMT

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): Why does it matter?

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the United States and the European Union, if successfully concluded, would be the most significant bilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA) to date, covering approximately 50% of global output, almost 30% of world merchandise trade (including intra-EU trade, but excluding services trade) and 20% of global foreign direct investment.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

G20/ OECD Stocktaking Seminar on Global Value Chains

A wide range of stakeholders examined the progress made on measuring trade in value added terms and to extract and clarify the emerging policy implications that can be employed to stimulate strong, balanced and job-rich growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:48:00 GMT

The Costs and Challenges of Implementing Trade Facilitation Measures

The costs of putting in place and maintaining trade facilitation measures are not particularly large and are far smaller than the benefits gained from implementing these measures, according to this study. Moreover, an increasing amount of technical and financial assistance to implement these measures has been made available to developing countries over the last decade.

Mon, 27 May 2013 11:42:00 GMT

The value of trade

The emergence of global value chains in manufacturing and services has revolutionised the way the world trades. It has also provided a valuable entry point for many developing economies into the global economy. Thanks to the combined efforts of the WTO and OECD, we now have a strong data-based understanding of these impacts, which will be vital to the design of effective trade policies.

Fri, 24 May 2013 11:35:00 GMT

Multilateralising Regionalism on Government Procurement

The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do they differ among trading partners? This report surveys 47 RTAs in force with government procurement provisions where an OECD member is a party.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:07:00 GMT

Global Production Networks and Employment: A Developing Country Perspective

International firms in developing economies tend to employ more workers and pay higher wages than firms dealing exclusively with the domestic market, according to this paper demonstrating the links between global value chains (GVCs)and labour market outcomes. Engagement in international activities provides greater opportunities for women to enter the formal employment market.

Tue, 14 May 2013 16:24:00 GMT

Global Value Chains and Developing Country Employment: A Literature Review

How do global value chains (GVCs) impact employment markets in developing countries? This paper reviews the literature on the subject, focusing on the labour market impacts of three processes that lie at the core of GVC development: importing, exporting, and foreign direct investment (FDI). Two case studies are presented

Tue, 14 May 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Trade Costs: What Have We Learned? A Synthesis Report

Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain.

Tue, 07 May 2013 14:40:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

The Role of Services for Competitiveness in Manufacturing

What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 15:28:00 GMT

Made in the world

The new OECD/WTO database on trade in value-added is not just about changing the numbers, but policymakers’ approaches too. It gives trade fresh importance, and a place high on the agenda of the UK’s G8 presidency.

Sun, 14 Apr 2013 16:11:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

State-Owned Enterprises: Trade Effects and Policy Implications

With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper presents a conceptual discussion of how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 13:38:00 GMT

Summary Report: OECD International Business Dialogue 2013

Business representatives and policy makers provided lively debate and valuable insights on barriers to 21st century commerce when they met at this event at OECD headquarters in Paris. Read the main discussion points, online survey results and recommendations.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 09:55:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Export Restrictions: Benefits of Transparency and Good Practices

Transparent trade legislation, policies and practices benefit governments and business alike by reducing uncertainty and transaction costs, simplifying procedures and encouraging investment. This paper studies the information published online by 33 countries on their export restriction policies in the minerals sector, and presents a checklist of best practices for addressing gaps in the availability and accessibility of information.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 14:03:00 GMT

Mineral Resource Trade in Chile: Contribution to Development and Policy Implications

Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.

Thu, 07 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD International Business Dialogue 2013: Barriers to 21st Century Commerce - 4-5 March 2013

What obstacles do companies face in doing business internationally? This event brought together representatives from firms in various sectors and regions to identify and prioritize barriers to international business activity.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:09:00 GMT

Trade Facilitation Indicators: The Potential Impact of Trade Facilitation on Developing Countries' Trade

Drawing on OECD trade facilitation indicators, this paper finds that the combined effect of comprehensive trade facilitation reform would reach almost 14.5% reduction of total trade costs for low income countries, 15.5% for lower middle income countries and 13.2% for upper middle income countries.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 11:27:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2012

Compared to the third quarter, the value of merchandise exports and imports for the G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.2% and 1.0%, respectively.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 00:00:00 GMT

The declining competitiveness of French firms reflects a generalised supply-side problem

This short paper analyses the decline of France’s trade balance over the past 15 years. While the loss in export market shares is comparable to that of the major OECD countries except Germany, it is one of the largest among the countries of the euro area.

Fri, 22 Feb 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Trade and Labour Market Adjustment

Occupation-level analysis of short-term labour market impacts from trade can provide policy makers with better insights than industry-level studies, says this paper using a unique dataset based on harmonised labour force surveys from Canada, Israel, United Kingdom, United States, Brazil and South Africa. For instance, occupation-level data shows that imports can be associated with higher wages and a lower probability of unemployment.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 15:13:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Estimating the Constraints to Agricultural Trade of Developing Countries

Agricultural trade can be a powerful engine for economic growth, poverty reduction, and development. However, efforts by developing countries to expand their agricultural trade are often hampered by domestic supply-side constraints such as lack of trade-related infrastructure. This report looks at some of the most important of these constraints, and features case studies from Indonesia, Zambia and Mozambique.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 17:22:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Aid for Trade Policy Dialogue 2013

This OECD Policy Dialogue brought together a wide range of stakeholders - policy makers, practitioners, academics, private sector and civil society - from developing and developed countries. Participants discussed what needs to be done to continue delivering aid for trade results in this changing international environment for trade and development.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 17:03:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2012

Merchandise trade continued to slow in most major economies in the third quarter of 2012 compared to the second quarter of 2012.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Emergence of Global Value Chains: What Do They Mean for Business?

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría delivers remarks at the G20 Trade and Investment Promotion Summit held in Mexico City.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Taking Stock of Measures Restricting the Export of Raw Materials: Analysis of OECD Inventory Data

Governments appear increasingly inclined to apply border and domestic measures to restrict the export of raw materials. For industrial raw materials, the OECD is constructing an Inventory of measures that have been applied since 2009. The underlying survey covers some 100 countries, some 15 types of measures and most minerals, metals and wood. This paper analyses 2009-2010 data collected so far for the minerals and metals sector.

Fri, 12 Oct 2012 15:59:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Video: "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar, 13 September 2012

Watch the Jobs Knowledge Platform webcast of the World Bank-OECD "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar on the JKPLive Facebook channel.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 17:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2012

Merchandise trade slowed in most major economies in the second quarter of 2012, with contractions in all major European economies, India, Russia and South Africa.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a More Open Trading System and Jobs Rich Growth - C-MIN(2012)9

Over the course of the last half century, the global expansion of trade has reshaped the world economy. Trade opening has enabled economies to reap the benefits of specialisation and focus more productively on what they do best, through the sectors where they demonstrate comparative advantage.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Out now: Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs

How does trade interact with employment? This book features highlights from the International Collaborative Initiative on Trade and Employment (ICITE), including regional, country and thematic studies.

Wed, 16 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Trade [oecd.org]

Employment

Afghanistan: Child Protection Project Manager Afghanistan // Violence against Children project (VAC) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Terre des hommes Foundation Child ReliefCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 24 Nov 2014We are looking for our projects in Afghanistan for aChild Protection Project Manager AfghanistanViolence against Children project (VAC)Position Start Date: End of November / December 2014Project Duration: 2 years Location: Based in Kabul, AfghanistanSupervisor:Country RepresentativeTerre des homes does not set closing dates for this position; recruitment is on-going until the position is filled.Context - Child protectionA growing trend of internal and external migration is causing

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Small Trusts & Funds Volunteer, Africa Educational Trust, London (source: BOND)

Small Trusts & Funds Volunteer, Africa Educational Trust, London AET’s Head Office in London is currently looking for a graduate or undergraduate volunteer to carry out research into UK Small Trusts and Funds for a period of three months - 2 days a week.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: The DRC Stand-by Member Roster (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Refugee CouncilCountry: IraqClosing date: 16 Nov 2014The DRC Stand-by Member Roster is open for applications. The aim of the DRC Stand-by Roster is to strengthen the capacity of the UN partners to more timely, effective and accountable humanitarian response to people affected by crisis and we are now looking for new candidates within the following profiles:Currently we are looking for the following profiles:Protection/Child ProtectionShelter/Site Planning &amp; Camp ManagementWASHInformation ManagementLogistics/SupplyCash &amp; VoucherCommunicating with Communities

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

France: ALIMA - France - Logisticien Desk Ebola (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ALIMACountry: FranceClosing date: 20 Nov 2014ALIMA recrute un Logisticien Desk Ebola H/F pour son programme de réponse à l’épidémie de maladie à virus Ebola en Guinée Conakry, basé à Montreuil en France.Pour visualiser le profil de poste, cliquez sur le lien ci-dessous:http://www.alimaong.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/2014_10_24-France-Log...How to apply:Pour postuler, merci d’envoyer votre CV ainsi qu’une lettre de motivation à candidature@alima-ngo.org, en précisant dans l’objet du message la référence ” Montreuil – Logisticien Desk Ebola » avant le 20 novembre 2014.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Utility-Aid: National Philanthropy Manager (source: Third Sector Jobs)

£35,000 + car, flights + many amazing benefits:Utility-Aid:We're looking for a special kind of person, with a passion for helping others. To travel the country working with a different charity each week.Nationwide

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Data & Reporting Analyst, ActionAid, London; £33,004 - £34,002 (source: BOND)

Data & Reporting Analyst, ActionAid, London; £33,004 - £34,002 Experienced at extracting information from large databases and producing reports from different sources of data, you are now looking for a career enhancing experience that will make the most of your talents and develop your skills.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Head of Major Gifts, ActionAid, London; £44,298 - £45,638 (source: BOND)

Head of Major Gifts, ActionAid, London; £44,298 - £45,638 Use your proven experience of building relationships with and soliciting gifts from High Net Worth Individuals and successful track record in leading major gift programmes to ensure we meet ambitious income targets.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Send a Cow: Major Donor Manager (source: Third Sector Jobs)

£27,000 - £31,000:Send a Cow:We are seeking a Major Donor Manager to take the lead, as a member of a passionate, successful team, on delivery of strategy for growth in this area.Bath, Somerset

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Intern - Intern CWRD/CWPF-1508 (source: Asian Development Bank)

Internship TopicHealth sector financing: public sector financing, private sector services and financing, and the role of health insurance in providing services to the poor: summary review of Central and West Asia Department (CWRD) countries, and a case study of PakistanSummary of Job DescriptionUnder the guidance of the supervisors and with engagement of the Lead for Health in ADB, the Intern will prepare a report (which includes case studies) showing the demand for and supply of health services for vulnerable households, how these services are financed, and the role of both public financing

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Intern - Intern SARD/SAPF-1507 (source: Asian Development Bank)

Internship TopicRole of India as a Growth Pole in South AsiaSummary of Job DescriptionThe intern will conduct empirical analysis on the impact of Indian economy on the South Asia region. The study will analyze the impact of various indicators such as economic growth spillovers; bilateral trade and financial flows between South Asian countries; pull-factors in employment and remittances, and spillovers of food price inflation etc.The study will identify the major determinants of regional co-movements of business cycles. Identification of the channels for transmission of economic shocks will

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Intern - Intern SARD/SAHS-1506 (source: Asian Development Bank)

Internship TopicGlobal experience and innovation in delivery of urban health services to the poor, with particular relevance to India.Rapid growth in India’s urban population has placed unprecedented stress on urban health care systems, within the context of a rapidly growing urban population and with approximately 17% of the urban population living in slums. The urban poor suffer from low health status. The current urban health care system in India is inefficient and lacks structures and norms for effective, efficient and culturally responsive service delivery. The key priority to address

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Intern - Intern RSDD/RSPG-1505 (source: Asian Development Bank)

Internship TopicReview of Social Assistance Financing and Social Health Insurance Systems Interventions of Developing Member CountriesSummary of Job DescriptionSupport the conduct of a regional review of social health insurance (SHI) systems and social assistance (SA) financing schemes of developing member countries (DMC) with emphasis on:- collection and consolidation of country-level data on the design and implementation of government subsidies for the poor and other vulnerable population into the said SHI systems;- SHI programs for ensuring access by the aging (elderly)

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Intern - Intern PSOD/PSIF2-1504 (source: Asian Development Bank)

Internship TopicAssessment of renewable energy potential in the PacificSummary of Job DescriptionThe Intern will review available documents and studies to assess the potential for renewable energy private investment in the Pacific. Based on existing literature and regional study, the Intern is expected to estimate the levelized cost of different renewable energy sources and assess the comparative attractiveness of different types of renewable energy sources for private investment. The assessment will take into account the specific risks and characteristics of the Pacific such as high fuel

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Intern - Intern IED/IED2-1503 (source: Asian Development Bank)

Internship TopicRegional Cooperation and Integration in ADB Developing Member Countries Although development of some countries in the Asia-Pacific region has been noteworthy over the past few years, the benefits of working together to unlock vast economic potential, achieve sustained, rapid growth, and reduce poverty cannot be underemphasized. ADB’s RCI strategy supports poverty reduction in Asia and the Pacific through regional collective action that leads to greater physical connectivity; trade and investment expansion; financial market development and regional macroeconomic and financial

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Intern - Intern ERD/ERMF-1502 (source: Asian Development Bank)

Internship TopicMacroeconomic Modeling for Improved Economic AssessmentSummary of Job Description- The analysis will contribute to the economic monitoring activities for ADB DMCs- Reviews the literature on mix frequency data analysis- Apply a suitable empirical methodology to measure macroeconomic activity in real time using mixed frequency data- Prepare a report paper on the analysis (Closing Date: 19 November 2014)

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Intern - Intern EARD/EASS - 1501 (source: Asian Development Bank)

Internship TopicChallenges and Opportunities: Education in the People’s Republic of ChinaSummary of Job Description- Prepare a situation analysis of the education and training sector in the PRC that will feed into a fuller sector assessment- Undertake desk review of documentation and reports (ADB and others) to prepare a comprehensive education sector overview covering basic/secondary, TVET and tertiary education in the PRC- The report will take a thematic approach to cover issues of learning outcomes; employment outcomes; and research for innovation (among others).-

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: Head of Programme / Deputy Country Director (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Refugee CouncilCountry: IraqClosing date: 17 Nov 2014Danish Refugee Council is advertising for an experienced Head of Programme / Deputy Country Director (HoP) able to lead and continuously develop a large emergency programme in one of today’s most volatile and challenging emergencies globally.Danish Refugee Council is a leading protection agency pursuing our mandate to protect and promote durable solutions to displacement affected populations on the basis of humanitarian principles and human rights. In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), DRC apply a regional approach

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ireland: Logistics Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GOALCountry: IrelandClosing date: 24 Nov 2014GOAL Job DescriptionJob Title: Logistics OfficerReporting to: Logistics ManagerJob Location: Dublin with travel to the fieldLength: 12 monthsGeneral DescriptionThe Logistics Officer is responsible for supporting and liaising with the logistics function in a number of assigned countries where GOAL is operational. The role involves detailed review and analysis of country reporting and ensuring compliance with GOAL’s processes and systems including; procurement, assets, stocks, fleet and insurance.Key ResponsibilitiesField Support

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: Project Development Trainee (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Refugee CouncilCountry: IraqClosing date: 08 Nov 2014Background Danish Refugee Council is advertising for an Project Development Trainee able to support DRC Iraq’s various projects.Danish Refugee Council is a leading protection agency pursuing our mandate to protect and promote durable solutions to displacement affected populations on the basis of humanitarian principles and human rights. In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), DRC apply a regional approach with operational presence in Libya, Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Turkey and Iraq.Being operational

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Development Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Malaria ConsortiumCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 09 Nov 2014Location: LondonContract: PermanentSalary: Up to £35,000 depending on experienceClosing date: 9th October 2014We have currently got an opening for a Development Specialist to join our team in London. As part of the business development team the Development Specialist will work closely with technical and programme teams at headquarters, regional and country level to develop technical aspects of competitive public health proposals to a range of institutional and non-institutional

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Security, Finance & Operations Manager, The Tony Blair Africa Governance Initiative, West Africa (source: BOND)

Security, Finance & Operations Manager, The Tony Blair Africa Governance Initiative, West Africa Throughout 2014, an unprecedented outbreak of the Ebola virus has spread across West Africa, particularly impacting Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. The outbreak has been extremely challenging for the governments of these countries who have never de

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ireland: Logistics Administrator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GOALCountry: IrelandClosing date: 25 Nov 2014GOAL Job DescriptionJob Title: Logistics AdministratorReporting to: Logistics ManagerLocation: DublinLength: 12monthsGeneral Description:This Logistics Administrator is responsible for supporting the Logistics team in Dublin. This role involves co-ordinating and consolidating country reporting, planning team meetings and maintaining the logistics Intranet content. The function will also involve co-ordinating all facilities requirements and procurement for the HQ functions.Key Responsibilities:Administration – coordinating

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ireland: Regional Director (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GOALCountry: IrelandClosing date: 24 Nov 2014REGIONAL DIRECTORDuration of Role: PermanentStart Date: ASAPREGIONAL DIRECTORIn support of our continuing organisational growth and focus on programme impact, GOAL is seeking exceptional leaders and talented professionals with vision, drive and proven ability to effect change in the world’s most challenging environments.The Regional Director must understand the big picture; developing and driving a clear strategy while being attentive to individual programme needs and constraints. S/he is a skilled communicator, able to develop

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Communications Officer - Middle East (source: Relief Web)

Organization: TearfundClosing date: 06 Nov 2014Tearfund is recruiting an experienced Communications Officer to help us communicate Tearfund’s response to the crisis in the Middle East to our supporter and media audiences in the UK and internationally.The successful candidate will be a strong communicator with experience of successfully working in journalism, PR and/or press office, with an excellent copy writing ability, including writing articles for the web. Photography and video skills are also an asset. Ability to speak both English and Arabic is desirable.This post is full-time and

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

France: UN COORDINATEUR D’URGENCE EAU, ASSAINISSEMENT ET HYGIENE (H/F) - FRANCE (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: FranceClosing date: 24 Nov 2014Nous recherchons pour le Département des Opérations :UN COORDINATEUR D’URGENCE EAU, ASSAINISSEMENT ET HYGIENE (H/F)Basé à Paris 17Mission:Sous la supervision du Responsable du Service Urgence et au sein d’une équipe pluridisciplinaire composée de 26 personnes, votre mission principale sera de coordonner les programmes en Eau, Assainissement et Hygiène (EAH) dans un contexte d’urgence (missions d’urgence, exploratoires et support ponctuel aux missions). Plus précisément, vos activités seront :Sur le Terrain (mobilisable

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Myanmar: Consultant – Project Evaluation (Labour Migration)_IOM (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Organization for MigrationCountry: MyanmarClosing date: 03 Nov 2014The International Organization for Migration (IOM) office in Yangon, a Geneva-based international organization with over 150 offices world-wide, is seeking qualified professionals to join the IOM office in Yangon, Myanmar.VA No :VA/14/177Position/Title :Consultant – Project Evaluation (Labour Migration)No**. of position : 1**Duty Station :Yangon, MyanmarClosing Date :03 November 2014 (Monday)Suitably qualified candidates are invited to submit their applications via Email to hryangon@iom.intby****03

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

COORDINATEUR CONSORTIUM (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Acción contra el HambreClosing date: 15 Nov 2014COORDINATEUR CONSORTIUMSAHELRéf: COORDCONS/GEN/14ACF est une organisation humanitaire internationale, non-gouvernementale, privée, non-politique, non-confessionnelle et à but non lucratif. ACF a été fondée en 1979 pour intervenir dans le monde entier. Sa mission est de lutter contre la faim, la misère et contre les situations dangereuses menaçant les hommes, les femmes et les enfants. Actuellement, 500 collaborateurs et plus de 5000 employés travaillent pour ACF dans plus de quarante-six pays, et dans quatre domaines d'action:

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Country Director - Lebanon

Danish Refugee Council is advertising for an experienced Country Director to lead and develop our largest country programme globally, which is operating in the center of a highly volatile and sensitive environment in one of today&rsquo;s largest and most complex emergencies globally.Danish Refugee Council (DRC) is a leading protection agency and has been operating in the Middle East and North Africa for over a decade, running a combination of livelihood, protection, advocacy and relief projects. The Lebanon programme in part of DRC regional MENA setup with offices in Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Syria,

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: Head of Base – Iraq - Souleymaniah - DAU - Handicap International (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Handicap InternationalCountry: IraqClosing date: 13 Nov 2014NGO PRESENTATIONHandicap International is an independent and impartial international aid organisation working in situations of poverty and exclusion, conflict and disaster. Working alongside persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups, our action and testimony are focused on responding to their essential needs, improving their living conditions and promoting respect for their dignity and their fundamental rights.Handicap International is a not-for-profit organisation with no religious or political affiliation.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Project Officer, Higher Education - MENA Region (source: Relief Web)

Organization: SparkCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 09 Nov 2014SPARK develops higher education and entrepreneurship, so that young ambitious people are empowered to lead their conflict-affected society into prosperity. SPARK is a dynamic and growing not-for-profit development organization with 80 staff members that helps young entrepreneurs to start or grow their own businesses.SPARK is achieving its mission by organizing business plan competitions, business skills training, SME coaching and mentoring, business incubation, SME financing, intensive higher vocational summer courses, curriculum development

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Administrative Officer, Higher Education - MENA Region (source: Relief Web)

Organization: SparkClosing date: 09 Nov 2014SPARK develops higher education and entrepreneurship, so that young ambitious people are empowered to lead their post-conflict society into prosperity.SPARK is a dynamic and growing not-for-profit development organization with 80 staff members that helps young entrepreneurs to start or grow their own businesses.SPARK is achieving its mission by organizing business plan competitions, business skills training, SME coaching and mentoring, business incubation, SME financing, intensive higher vocational summer courses, curriculum development and quality

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Logistician (air operations) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: British Red CrossClosing date: 20 Nov 2014The British Red Cross are currently looking for experienced Logisticians (Air Operations) with International experience who are willing to travel at short notice (24 - 48 hours) to relief operations for one month per year. Roster members must be within 6 hours travel time of London whilst 'on call.'Candidates who are already in employment but who can be released at short notice are welcome to apply.Please note, to be accepted as an ERU delegate you will be required to attend the following training:&#42; ERU Foundation (21st - 28th

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Lebanon: Country Director - Lebanon (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Refugee CouncilCountry: LebanonClosing date: 10 Nov 2014Danish Refugee Council is advertising for an experienced Country Director to lead and develop our largest country programme globally, which is operating in the center of a highly volatile and sensitive environment in one of today’s largest and most complex emergencies globally.Danish Refugee Council (DRC) is a leading protection agency and has been operating in the Middle East and North Africa for over a decade, running a combination of livelihood, protection, advocacy and relief projects. The Lebanon programme

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Haiti: UN RESPONSABLE DE PROJET TERRAIN (H/F) - HAITI (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: HaitiClosing date: 23 Nov 2014Pays d’affectation : Haiti basé à BombardopolisDurée du contrat : 1 an à pourvoir dès que possibleLe rôle : Le responsable de projet terrain a pour objectif d’assurer la mise en œuvre du programme par la mise en place et le suivi des activités afin de répondre aux besoins identifiés dans la zone d’intervention et de maximiser l’impact du DFAP (Development Food Assistance Programme) – Kore Lavi. Plus particulièrement il ou elle sera en charge de :Participer à alimenter techniquement la réflexion sur la stratégie

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Republic of Tanzania: Partnerships Specialist - NOD Level (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: United Republic of TanzaniaClosing date: 03 Nov 2014BackgroundUNICEF Tanzania is recruiting a Partnerships Specialist who, under the direct supervision of the Chief of Communication, Advocacy and Partnerships, will be responsible to support the coordination, planning, development management and implementation of the Country Office’s Private Sector Engagement Strategy to mobilise the corporate sector for child’s rights through corporate social responsibility engagement as well as to leverage and raise resources for the Country Programme, in close

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Cambodia: Consultancy to integrate Nutrition into Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR) Models (source: Relief Web)

Organization: People in NeedCountry: CambodiaClosing date: 15 Nov 2014Overall Purpose of the Consultancy:Assess the existing CBDRR models outlined in the Good Practice Guide which DanChurch Aid, Action Aid and PIN developed under their previous DIPECHO (the European Commission Humanitarian Aid Disaster Preparedness Department) programme and work with consortium partners to integrate nutrition elements into each of model and their associated trainings.Background:Natural disasters devastate lives and livelihoods. Cambodia is regularly exposed to a variety of natural hazards, most commonly:

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: ICT Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: AdesoCountry: KenyaClosing date: 07 Nov 2014ORGANIZATIONAL CONTEXTAdeso is an expanding and vibrant African based international development and humanitarian organization. At Adeso, we work with African communities who are yet to realize their full potential; working inside these communities to create environments in which Africans can thrive. Our belief that economic, social and environmental security is the bedrock of a healthy community drives the nature and intent of our programming. We work to prevent and overcome situations that adversely affect community well-being by:

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Republic of Tanzania: Field Support Specialist - NOC Level (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: United Republic of TanzaniaClosing date: 03 Nov 2014BackgroundUNICEF Tanzania is recruiting a Field Support Specialist who will be working under the leadership/ guidance of Chief Field Office Iringa, responsible for the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of programmes within the UNICEF supported districts of Mbeya, Iringa and Njombe Regions from the field office base in Iringa. This post also has a sectoral focus on Health as well as cross–sectoral responsibilities.Major Accountabilities· Designs, prepares, implements, monitors

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Guinea: Conseiller en sécurité, NO-1, (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: GuineaClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionSous la supervision générale de l’agent de sécurité, le titulaire du poste est responsable de toutes les fonctions de sécurité liées aux programmes de l’UNICEF en Guinée.Key Expected ResultsRelevant directement de l’agent de sécurité, coordonner les fonctions liées à la sécurité en Guinée. Se conformer aux obligations MOSS et s#assurer que le plan de sécurité soit strictement observé et que toutes les listes de personnel, les rapports de situation, cartes, plans des gardes et données

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Guinea: Coordonnateur préfectoral Communication de Développement, NO-1 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: GuineaClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionLe coordonnateur/trice préfectoral en communication développement (C4D) gérera la campagne Ebola dans une préfecture. Sous la supervision générale du superviseur, et en étroite collaboration avec le groupe de communication, le coordonnateur préfectoral C4D sera responsable pour le support technique et l’assistance dans la conception, la formulation, la gestion, l’exécution, le suivi et l’évaluation d’une stratégie de changement de comportement et de mobilisation sociale, ainsi qu#un plan d’activités

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: People in Need is seeking for a Liaison Officer (Program Assistant) – for its Syria/Turkey Mission (source: Relief Web)

Organization: People in NeedCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 07 Nov 2014People in Need is seeking for a Liaison Officer (Program Assistant) – for its Syria/Turkey MissionType of position: nationalStarting date: ASAPLength of contract: 1 yearThe main responsibility of the Liaison Officer (LO) is to facilitate information flow between Program Manager (PM) located in Turkey and PIN bases and supported Civil Society Organizations within Syria as well as overseeing that the activities are implemented according to PMs guidelines. The LO will regularly travel to Syria upon request of the PMs

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Guinea: Spécialiste de la Recherche (Socio anthropologue), NO-3 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: GuineaClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionSous la supervision générale du superviseur, et en étroite collaboration avec le spécialiste en communication, le spécialiste en communication pour le développement (données sociales pour le changement de comportement) sera responsable de la conception, formulation, gestion, exécution, suivi et évaluation de la stratégie de changement comportemental et de mobilisation sociale ainsi que d’un plan d’action et d’appui au programme pays.Key Expected ResultsStratégie de communication pour

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Health Monitoring and Evaluation Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 23 Dec 2014IRC has been operational in various counties throughout Liberia since 1996 and has developed a good reputation as a key partner of the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MoH&amp;SW) in Liberia. The main focus of IRC's program in Liberia at present is supporting the MoH&amp;SW) with the provision of Ebola outbreak response and restoration of essential package of health care services (EPHS). In the course of implementing its activities in Liberia, IRC supports 136 MoH&amp;SW workers through incentives payments,

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: Deputy Director of Programs (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: South SudanClosing date: 23 Dec 2014IRC began working in South Sudan in 1989. South Sudan declared independence in July 2011 following decades of brutal civil war rooted in disputes over religion, ethnicity, resources, governance and self-determination. In December 2013, a new armed conflict erupted and the security situation remains volatile and unpredictable; testing operational challenges abound. IRC South Sudan operates a country office in Juba along with programs in Central Equatoria, Lakes, Unity, Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Jonglei

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Chad: Logistics Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Medical CorpsCountry: ChadClosing date: 24 Nov 2014Position Summary &amp; Responsibilities: International Medical Corps is a global, humanitarian, nonprofit organization dedicated to saving lives and relieving suffering through health care training and relief and development programs.Established in 1984 by volunteer doctors and nurses, International Medical Corps is a private, voluntary, nonpolitical, nonsectarian organization. Its mission is to improve the quality of life through health interventions and related activities that build local capacity in underserved

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Deputy Program Director–Infrastructure - DRC (219406-927) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: Democratic Republic of the CongoClosing date: 23 Dec 2014This position is contingent on fundingPROGRAM/ DEPARTMENT SUMMARY:Mercy Corps has been operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) since August 2007, with a staff of around 200 people working in 5 locations. Mercy Corps is currently in the inception phase of a large-scale 5-year DFID-funded urban WASH program. This program known as IMAGINE will reach 1.55 million beneficiaries in Goma, Bukavu and Bunia and seeks to simultaneously improve availability of, access to, management of, and

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Italy: Programme Officer P3 (SRAC Support: Strategic Resource Allocation Committee) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World Food ProgrammeCountry: ItalyClosing date: 05 Nov 2014The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) is the world's largest humanitarian agency, fighting hunger worldwide. We are seeking to fill the position of Programme Office (SRAC Support) at the P3 level, based at our Headquarters office in Rome, Italy.How to apply:To view the full job description and to apply online please go to: http://i-recruitment.wfp.org/vacancies/14-0015683

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Deputy Program Director–Change Management - DRC (219405-927) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: Democratic Republic of the CongoClosing date: 23 Dec 2014This position is contingent on funding. Estimated start date Dec. 1stPROGRAM/ DEPARTMENT SUMMARY:Mercy Corps has been operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) since August 2007, with a staff of around 200 people working in 5 locations. Mercy Corps is currently in the inception phase of a large-scale 5-year DFID-funded urban WASH program. This program known as IMAGINE will reach 1.55 million beneficiaries in Goma, Bukavu and Bunia and seeks to simultaneously improve availability of,

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Programme Officer (Cash &amp; Vouchers) P4 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World Food ProgrammeCountry: KenyaClosing date: 12 Nov 2014The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) is the world's largest humanitarian agency, fighting hunger worldwide. We are seeking to fill the position of Programme Officer (Cash &amp; Vouchers) at the P4 level, based in our Regional Bureau Office in Nairobi, Kenya.How to apply:To view the full job description and to apply please go to: http://i-recruitment.wfp.org/vacancies/14-0015682

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Country Director, Liberia (219399-927) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 23 Dec 2014GENERAL POSITION SUMMARY:The Mercy Corps Liberia Country Director is an innovative and visionary leader responsible for resourcefully managing all programming in the country. S/He has held senior roles in formulating strategic direction within an international development context. The CD has supervisory responsibility for the rapidly growing team with 10+ expats and 70+ national team members and a budget of approximately $15 million per year, with funding from USAID, OFDA SIDA, and other private donors and foundations. The

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Clinical Specialist, Family Planning and Post-Abortion Care (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 23 Dec 2014The IRC is a leader in assistance to people affected by oppression and violent conflict, providing immediate relief in emergencies to save lives, and working with local partners to rebuild lives and provide durable solutions. Health is the IRC's largest sector, with programs in 25 countries serving nearly 15 million people. Health program workers in the field are supported by a Health Unit comprised of health professionals with varied expertise and years of experience. The IRC Health Unit

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Team Leader, Ebola Response - Internews - Monrovia, Liberia (source: The Communication Initiative Network)

VACANT POST - BASIC INFORMATION Organisation:&nbsp; Internews Location:&nbsp; Monrovia, Liberia Description Team Leader, Ebola Response (TLER) – LiberiaLocation: Monrovia, LiberiaDuration: 6 monthsAnticipated Start Date: Early NovemberDeadline for Applications: On-going until position is filled&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

World: SPRING Country Manager (source: Relief Web)

Country: WorldClosing date: 06 Nov 2014Save the Children is the world's leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children's lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.We work together, with our partners, to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.6 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through programmes in health, nutrition, education, protection and child

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

2 x DRC Assistant Programme Managers (Livelihoods and Protection)

We are looking for two Assistant Programme Managers who will have the following responsibilities: Assistant Programme Manager Aweil:Reporting to DRC Programme Operations Manager (POM) in Aweil, the Assistant Programme Manager (APM) will be responsible to support overall management of the programming in Aweil, with specific responsibilities under Livelihood/Income Generating Activities (IGA) and Protection Components. Assistant Programme Manager Ajuong Thok:Reporting to the DRC Programme Operations Manager (POM) in Ajuong Thok the APM will be responsible to support the overall management of the

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ukraine: Humanitarian field coordinator, Eastern Ukraine (source: Relief Web)

Organization: People in NeedCountry: UkraineClosing date: 07 Nov 2014People in Need (PIN) is the Czech Republic based NGO working in relief and development sectors. See more atwww.peopleineed.cz. In early August 2014 PIN opened humanitarian response in Eastern Ukraine and the program is rapidly expanding. Focus is given on the assistance to the IDPs, returnees and population living in the contested areas in the sectors of food security, shelter and NFIs, early recovery and health. PIN is currently looking for medium-term term field engagement of experienced field coordinators.Start-up date:

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Senegal: CAPACITY BUILDING OFFICER WEST AFRICA– THE CASH LEARNING PARTNERSHIP (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Acción contra el HambreCountry: SenegalClosing date: 15 Nov 2014CAPACITY BUILDING OFFICERWEST AFRICA– THE CASH LEARNING PARTNERSHIPSenegalRef: CALP/SN/14The Cash Learning Partnership (CaLP) is an interagency partnership that promotes the appropriate use of cash transfers in emergencies through capacity building, evidence based research and advocating for and engaging in developing policy around cash based programming. Founded in 2006, the CaLP has grown significantly since and from 2015 onwards, is likely to have staff strength of 20 plus full time staff, deployed to

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Humanitarian Journalism Trainer - Internews - Monrovia, Liberia (source: The Communication Initiative Network)

VACANT POST - BASIC INFORMATION Organisation:&nbsp; Internews Location:&nbsp; Monrovia, Liberia Description Humanitarian Journalism Trainer (HJT) – LiberiaLocation: Monrovia, LiberiaDuration: 6 monthsAnticipated Start Date: Early NovemberDeadline for Applications: Ongoing until position is filled PROJECT BACKGROUND Submission Instructions:&nbsp; Click here to apply:https://www.internews.org/about-internews/work-us/apply-jobs-internews

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Head of Programming - CRS Kenya (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Catholic Relief ServicesCountry: KenyaClosing date: 28 Nov 2014Head of Programming – CRS KenyaAbout CRS:Catholic Relief Services carries out the commitment of the Bishops of the United States to assist the poor and vulnerable overseas. Our Catholic identity is at the heart of our mission and operations. We welcome as a part of our staff and as partners people of all faiths and secular traditions who share our values and our commitment to serving those in need.Background:2015 will mark CRS’ 50th anniversary in Kenya. Over the years, CRS has implemented numerous humanitarian

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Health Communication Liaison Officer - Internews - Monrovia, Liberia (source: The Communication Initiative Network)

VACANT POST - BASIC INFORMATION Organisation:&nbsp; Internews Location:&nbsp; Monrovia, Liberia Description Health Communication Liaison Officer (HCLO) – LiberiaLocation: Monrovia, LiberiaDuration: 6 monthsAnticipated Start Date: Mid-NovemberDeadline for Applications: Ongoing until position is filled PROJECT BACKGROUND Submission Instructions:&nbsp; Click here for

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

World: Myanmar Education Consortium (MEC) Program Director (source: Relief Web)

Country: WorldClosing date: 07 Nov 2014Save the Children is the world's leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children's lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.We work together, with our partners, to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.6 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through programmes in health, nutrition, education, protection and child

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Poland: Web Design Expert (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Organization for Security and Co-operation in EuropeCountry: PolandClosing date: 05 Nov 2014Background:The Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) is the principal institution of the OSCE responsible for the human dimension. Within its access to law and democratic lawmaking portfolio, ODIHR assists participating States in bringing their legislation in line with international human rights standards and OSCE commitments. ODIHR’s legislative online database Legislationline.org provides direct, free-of-charge access to international norms and standards relating

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Senior Advisors, Finance (source: Relief Web)

Organization: IpasCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 21 Nov 2014Overview:Ipas is an international organization that works around the world to increase women's ability to exercise their sexual and reproductive rights. Ipas seeks two Senior Finance Advisors to develop financial tools and improve financial reporting and reconciliation in Ipas country offices worldwide. The Advisors will participate in internal and external audits; they will also conduct compliance and operational audits for the country offices.The Senior Advisors report to the International Finance Manager and

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Deputy Program Director–Infrastructure - DRC (219406-927)

&nbsp; This position is contingent on funding &nbsp; PROGRAM/ DEPARTMENT SUMMARY: Mercy Corps has been operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) since August 2007, with a staff of around 200 people working in 5 locations. Mercy Corps is currently in the inception phase of a large-scale 5-year DFID-funded urban WASH program. This program known as IMAGINE will reach 1.55 million beneficiaries in Goma, Bukavu and Bunia and seeks to simultaneously improve availability of, access to, management of, and proper utilization of WASH resources to ensure sustained health impacts. In support

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Deputy Program Director–Change Management - DRC (219405-927)

&nbsp; This position is contingent on funding. Estimated start date Dec. 1st &nbsp; PROGRAM/ DEPARTMENT SUMMARY: Mercy Corps has been operating in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) since August 2007, with a staff of around 200 people working in 5 locations. Mercy Corps is currently in the inception phase of a large-scale 5-year DFID-funded urban WASH program. This program known as IMAGINE will reach 1.55 million beneficiaries in Goma, Bukavu and Bunia and seeks to simultaneously improve availability of, access to, management of, and proper utilization of WASH resources to ensure sustained

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Roving Finance Specialist - Global (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Medical CorpsClosing date: 24 Nov 2014Position Summary &amp; Responsibilities: International Medical Corps is a global, humanitarian, nonprofit organization dedicated to saving lives and relieving suffering through health care training and relief and development programs.Established in 1984 by volunteer doctors and nurses, International Medical Corps is a private, voluntary, nonpolitical, nonsectarian organization. Its mission is to improve the quality of life through health interventions and related activities that build local capacity in underserved communities

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Humanitarian Journalism Trainer - Internews - Conakry, Guinea (source: The Communication Initiative Network)

VACANT POST - BASIC INFORMATION Organisation:&nbsp; Internews Location:&nbsp; Conakry, Guinea Description Humanitarian Journalism Trainer (HJT) – GuineaLocation: Conakry and Nzérékoré, Liberia (Two trainers)Duration: 6 monthsAnticipated Start Date: Mid to Late NovemberDeadline for Applications: Ongoing until position is filled PROJECT BACKGROUND Submission Instructions:&nbsp;

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Thailand: Administrative and Finance Assistant (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Education Development CenterCountry: ThailandClosing date: 24 Oct 2014Education Development Center (EDC) is a leader in international programs and research. Established in 1958, EDC designs, delivers and evaluates innovative programs to address some of the world’s most urgent challenges in education, health, and economic opportunity.EDC has been selected by USAID to implement the Connecting the Mekong through Education and Training (COMET) project. The project will help universities and vocational centers to increase the number of skilled workers in Science, Technology, Engineering,

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Colombia: Director/a de País para Colombia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Lutheran World ReliefCountry: ColombiaClosing date: 31 Oct 2014El Director/a de País (DP) es el líder para el equipo profesional, oficinas y programas de Lutheran World Relief (LWR) en el país asignado. El DP supervisa directamente al equipo del país que puede variar de tamaño dependiendo de los niveles de financiación y existencia de personal financiado con subvenciones. Normalmente, una Oficina de País incluye entre 2-5 personas (por ejemplo, Gerente de Finanzas y Administrativo, Gerentes de Programas, etc.). Las responsabilidades principales del DP son representar y promover

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Thailand: Monitoring and Evaluation Associate (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Education Development CenterCountry: ThailandClosing date: 24 Oct 2014Education Development Center (EDC) is a leader in international programs and research. Established in 1958, EDC designs, delivers and evaluates innovative programs to address some of the world’s most urgent challenges in education, health, and economic opportunity.EDC has been selected by USAID to implement the Connecting the Mekong through Education and Training (COMET) project. The project will help universities and vocational centers to increase the number of skilled workers in Science, Technology, Engineering,

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Thailand: Monitoring and Evaluation Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Education Development CenterCountry: ThailandClosing date: 24 Oct 2014Education Development Center (EDC) is a leader in international programs and research. Established in 1958, EDC designs, delivers and evaluates innovative programs to address some of the world’s most urgent challenges in education, health, and economic opportunity.EDC has been selected by USAID to implement the Connecting the Mekong through Education and Training (COMET) project. The project will help universities and vocational centers to increase the number of skilled workers in Science, Technology, Engineering,

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Thailand: Finance Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Education Development CenterCountry: ThailandClosing date: 24 Oct 2014Education Development Center (EDC) is a leader in international programs and research. Established in 1958, EDC designs, delivers and evaluates innovative programs to address some of the world’s most urgent challenges in education, health, and economic opportunity.EDC has been selected by USAID to implement the Connecting the Mekong through Education and Training (COMET) project. The project will help universities and vocational centers to increase the number of skilled workers in Science, Technology, Engineering,

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Health Communication Liaison Officer - Internews - Conakry, Guinea (source: The Communication Initiative Network)

VACANT POST - BASIC INFORMATION Organisation:&nbsp; Internews Location:&nbsp; Conakry, Guinea Description Health Communication Liaison Officer (HCLO) – GuineaLocation: Conakry, Guinea (French Speakers Required)Duration: 6 monthsAnticipated Start Date: Mid to Late November 2014Deadline for Applications: Ongoing until position is filledPROJECT BACKGROUND Submission Instructions:&nbsp;

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Thailand: Deputy Chief of Party, Operations (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Education Development CenterCountry: ThailandClosing date: 24 Oct 2014Education Development Center (EDC) is a leader in international programs and research. Established in 1958, EDC designs, delivers and evaluates innovative programs to address some of the world’s most urgent challenges in education, health, and economic opportunity.EDC has been selected by USAID to implement the Connecting the Mekong through Education and Training (COMET) project. The project will help universities and vocational centers to increase the number of skilled workers in Science, Technology, Engineering,

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Burundi: ELABORATION DU PLAN DE TRANSITION DE LA CHAINE DE FROID TRADITIONNELLE VERS LE SYSTEME SOLAIRE AU BURUNDI (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: BurundiClosing date: 06 Nov 2014Durée de la consultance:3 Semaines1. Contexte et justification:La conservation des vaccins pose toujours un problème dans les régions où l’électricité est rare, voire totalement absente. Pour y remédier, beaucoup de pays ont adopté des appareils (réfrigérateurs et congélateurs) mixtes à électricité et à gaz/ou à pétrole. C’est le cas du Burundi qui utilise au niveau des centres de santé les Sibir mixte à pétrole dans la plupart de ses centres de santé.Si les appareils à gaz ou à pétrole ont longtemps été considérés

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: TOR Loss and Grief Training (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Jesuit Refugee ServiceCountry: KenyaClosing date: 05 Nov 2014OverviewJesuit Refugee Service Kakuma, Counseling Department it seeking a qualified facilitator to conduct a 6-day capacity building training for loss and grief Facilitation to be delivered to 42 Refugee Community Counselors. The aim of the training is to empower Community Counselors with appropriate knowledge and skills on conducting professional counselling seasons to undergoing through any form of loss and grief.to be able to deliver effective therapeutic sessions to refugees in Kakuma suffering from emotional

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: 2 x DRC Assistant Programme Managers (Livelihoods and Protection) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Refugee CouncilCountry: South SudanClosing date: 10 Nov 2014We are looking for two Assistant Programme Managers who will have the following responsibilities:Assistant Programme Manager Aweil: Reporting to DRC Programme Operations Manager (POM) in Aweil, the Assistant Programme Manager (APM) will be responsible to support overall management of the programming in Aweil, with specific responsibilities under Livelihood/Income Generating Activities (IGA) and Protection Components.Assistant Programme Manager Ajuong Thok: Reporting to the DRC Programme Operations Manager

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Chief of Party - Internews - Almaty, Kazakhstan (source: The Communication Initiative Network)

VACANT POST - BASIC INFORMATION Organisation:&nbsp; Internews Location:&nbsp; Almaty, Kazakhstan GENERAL FUNCTION Submission Instructions:&nbsp; Click here for more information and to apply. read more

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Angola: Program Coordinator - Angola (source: Relief Web)

Organization: MENTOR InitiativeCountry: AngolaClosing date: 10 Nov 2014The MENTOR Initiative (MENTOR) is an international non-governmental organisation devoted to reducing death and suffering from malaria in humanitarian crises. The MENTOR Initiative is currently providing on going emergency support to the most vulnerable communities in Liberia, Angola, Kenya, the Central African Republic, South Sudan and Chad.The Program Coordinator will lead malaria public health program in Uige. This role will be responsible for expanding and coordinating the activities related to two current malaria

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Country Director - Internews - Caucasus (source: The Communication Initiative Network)

VACANT POST - BASIC INFORMATION Organisation:&nbsp; Internews Location:&nbsp; Caucasus Description&nbsp;Applications are being accepted for potential positions. Hiring will be dependent upon receipt of project funding. Background:Internews® is an international media development organization based in Arcata, CA and Washington, DC whose mission is to empower local media worldwide to give people the news and information

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mali: Procurement and Contracts Specialist P3 (Temporary Appointment) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: MaliClosing date: 07 Nov 2014Purpose of the assignmentUnder the direct guidance of the Supply and Logistics Manager the incumbent will manage all aspects of UNICEF Procurement and Institutional contracts of Mali Country Office and provide solutions to complex procurement related issues.The Procurement and Contracts Specialist will· supervise and lead the procurement staff of the unit.· work with all sections to ensure the capacity building of staff.This post will require advanced professional technical experience in support of operations

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Swiss TPH Project Team Leader in Pristina, Kosovo (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Swiss Tropical and Public Health InstituteClosing date: 05 Nov 2014The Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute is a public institution with the mandate to contribute to the improvement of the health of populations internationally and nationally through excellence in research, services, and teaching and training. The Swiss Centre for International Health (SCIH) of the Swiss TPH conducts consultancy, project management, training and applied research work in international and global health. The department is seeking applications for the following new position:The Sexual and

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Côte d&#039;Ivoire: Temporary Job Opening: 8 months - Medical Officer Disease Control and Prevention P-3 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Operation in Côte d&#039;IvoireCountry: Côte d&#039;IvoireClosing date: 07 Nov 2014This position is located in Abidjan, in the Medical Section of the United Nations Mission in Cote d’Ivoire. The Medical Officer reports to the Chief Medical Officer.ResponsibilitiesWithin delegated authority, the Medical Officer P-3 will be responsible for the following duties: (These duties are generic and may not be carried out by all Medical Officers.):Clinical Duties:• Undertakes day-to-day clinical duties, e.g. walk-in clinic, consult emergency patients,• Undertake day-to-day occupational

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Pakistan: Nutrition Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Against Hunger-USACountry: PakistanClosing date: 02 Nov 2014Action Against Hunger is part of the ACF International network which provides humanitarian relief in over 40 countries worldwide in the sectors of nutrition, health, water/sanitation, &amp; food security. ACF-USA, an independent NGO, currently manages operations in 7 countries. ACF-USA, has over $45 million in programs, approx. 55 staff based in NYC, 100 expatriate employees in the missions, &amp; over 1,200 local staff.General Objectives:This is a Senior Management position expected to develop national nutrition

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Denmark: Technical Assistant (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Population FundCountry: DenmarkClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Organizational LocationThe Technical Assistant position is located in the UNFPA office in Copenhagen in the Procurement Services Branch of the Division for Management Services. The incumbent reports to the Deputy Chief and provides support to the Technical Specialist for Medical Devices as well as coordinates procurement activities and processes in accordance with the Financial Rules and Regulations and Procurement procedures of UNFPA, coordinating with the members of the QA and Strategic Procurement teams as necessary.2.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Myanmar: Program Development and Grants Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Medical CorpsCountry: MyanmarClosing date: 24 Nov 2014Position Summary &amp; Responsibilities: International Medical Corps is a global, humanitarian, non-profit organization dedicated to saving lives and relieving suffering through health care training and relief and development programs.Established in 1984 by volunteer doctors and nurses, International Medical Corps is a private, voluntary, non-political, non-sectarian organization. Its mission is to improve the quality of life through health interventions and related activities that build local capacity in underserved

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Syrian Arab Republic: Grants and Monitoring Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Aga Khan Development NetworkCountry: Syrian Arab RepublicClosing date: 21 Nov 2014AKDN has been active in Syria since 1999, and until the outbreak of the hostilities, had built a multi-sector and comprehensive development programme drawing on nine AKDN agencies. Programmes spanned six governorates (Aleppo, Damascus, Hama, Lattakia, Sweida and Tartous).Since the outbreak of hostilities in 2011, the AKDN programme in Syria has refocused on providing humanitarian assistance, primarily to the population of Salamieh district in the Governorate of Hama. With the UN World Food Programme’s

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Syrian Arab Republic: Programme Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Aga Khan Development NetworkCountry: Syrian Arab RepublicClosing date: 21 Nov 2014AKDN has been active in Syria since 1999, and until the outbreak of the hostilities, had built a multi-sector and comprehensive development programme drawing on nine AKDN agencies. Programmes spanned six governorates (Aleppo, Damascus, Hama, Lattakia, Sweida and Tartous).Since the outbreak of hostilities in 2011, the AKDN programme in Syria has refocused on providing humanitarian assistance, primarily to the population of Salamieh district in the Governorate of Hama. With the UN World Food Programme’s

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Business Development Recruitment Intern (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Social ImpactCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 28 Nov 2014Background:Social Impact (SI) is a Washington, DC-area international development management consulting firm. We provide a full range of innovative program evaluation, management consulting, technical assistance, and training services to strengthen international development programs, organizations and policies. Our global services are in the areas of democracy and governance, health and education, agriculture, the environment, and economic growth.Objective:SI is committed to enriching student’s abilities

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Health Manager, Technical Services Team (source: Relief Web)

Closing date: 07 Nov 2014About usSave the Children is Australia’s leading independent humanitarian relief and development organisation for children. We protect and support children in need. We save lives in emergencies. We stand up for children’s rights.About the roleThe Health Manager’s technical leadership will define strategic direction and ensure high quality health and nutrition programming in domestic and internationally funded programs.Through strong technical leadership the postholder will:Manage a vibrant health technical unit, which is viewed as a turn-to unit for technical

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Program Development Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Pathfinder InternationalCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 30 Nov 2014To be considered for this position, please apply online at:http://www.pathfinder.org/about-us/careers/employment-opportunities/Pathfinder OverviewPathfinder International is a global leader in sexual and reproductive health and rights. We place reproductive health care at the center of all that we do—believing that it is not only a fundamental human right, but is critical for expanding life opportunities for women, families, communities, and nations, and paving the way for transformations in

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: Relief Program Coordinator for Kurdistan Region - Iraq (source: Relief Web)

Organization: People in NeedCountry: IraqClosing date: 10 Nov 2014People in Need seeks for Relief Program Coordinator for Kurdistan Region - IraqPeople in Need (PIN) has been working in Iraq since 2003, mostly in the area of civil society capacity building. In response to deteriorating humanitarian situation resulting from the escalation of the armed conflict, PIN together with its local partner initiated a project responding to some of the most urgent needs of vulnerable IDPs located in private houses under construction. In the pilot phase, the intervention aims to cover complete winterization

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Comoros: Finance &amp; Admin. Assistant (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Accounting for International DevelopmentCountry: Comoros, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, WorldClosing date: 21 Nov 2014Our partner works by accompanying the local communities in agricultural development and sustainable management of natural resources, serving man and biodiversity purposes. It was created in 2013 following a 5-year pilot project. Its main activities are: improving the yields of market gardening and food production, community projects and planning the landscape management, identifying priorities for preservation through ecological research,

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Gender and Diversity Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent SocietiesCountry: KenyaClosing date: 07 Nov 2014The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is the world's largest humanitarian organization, with 189 member National Societies. As part of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, our work is guided by seven fundamental principles; humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity and universality. Organizational ContextThe Secretariat of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Communications &amp; Content Manager, Arlington, VA (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Management Systems InternationalCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 22 Nov 2014Communications &amp; Content Manager, Arlington, VACompany Profile:MSI is an international development firm in the Washington, D.C., metro area with a 30-year history of helping to deliver results across the developing world. In 2008, we became part of Coffey International Limited. Since that time, we have greatly expanded our ability to respond seamlessly and flexibly to client needs with Coffey's international development offices in the United Kingdom and Australia. We operate in some

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Communications & Content Manager - MSI - Arlington, VA, United States (source: The Communication Initiative Network)

VACANT POST - BASIC INFORMATION Organisation:&nbsp; Management Systems International (MSI) Location:&nbsp; Arlington, Dist. Columbia, United States Application Deadline (optional):&nbsp; December 23, 2014 Company Profile: Submission Instructions:&nbsp; Apply Here read more

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Risk Awareness Project Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Handicap InternationalClosing date: 12 Nov 2014Handicap International is looking for a : Risk Awareness Project ManagerCOUNTRY : LIBYA CITY : MisrataStarting date : December 2014 Length of the assignment : 8 monthsClosing date for application : 12th November 2014 Advertisement reference: DIR-ACT-SLE-1196Handicap International (HI) is an independent and impartial international aid organisation working in situations of poverty and exclusion, conflict and disaster. Working alongside persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups, our action and testimony are focused

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Digital Marketing Officer, HelpAge International, London; £29,582 (source: BOND)

Digital Marketing Officer, HelpAge International, London; £29,582 This is an exciting opportunity to help grow HelpAge’s online reach and global supporter base by driving traffic to our websites and increasing engagement. You will lead on the development and implementation of digital marketing activities for HelpAge,...

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Niger: COORDINATEUR DE PROGRAMME AGADEZ(H/F), NIGER (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Médecins du Monde - BelgiqueCountry: NigerClosing date: 21 Nov 2014Médecins du Monde Belgique (MdM BE) ouvre une mission au Niger, dans la région d’Agadez.Le programme MdM a deux objectifs :renforcer l’accès aux services de santé sexuelle et reproductive sur le district d’Agadez commune en faveur de la population locale ;assurer l’accès aux soins médicaux et psychologi-ques pour les populations migrantes résidentes ou de transit.Le programme appuiera les Soins Obstétricaux et Néonataux d’Urgence (SONU) au niveau du Centre Hospitalier de Référence (CHR), et au niveau

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Senior Program Officer – Care and Treatment (source: Relief Web)

Organization: BroadReachCountry: KenyaClosing date: 17 Nov 2014Type of position:Full timeLocation:Samburu CountyProposed start Date: ASAPPosition summary and introductionAPHIAplus IMARISHA is an AMREF Kenya-led USAID-funded integrated health program in the Northern Arid Lands Region, implemented by five consortium partners. The program operates in 8 counties of Turkana, Isiolo, Samburu, Marsabit, Mandera, Wajir, Garissa and Tana River. BroadReach Healthcare works with other consortium members to strengthen and expand high quality integrated HIV care and treatment, MNCH and Nutrition

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Communications/Web content specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: The Institute for Collaborative DevelopmentCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 07 Nov 2014The Institute for Collaborative Development is recruiting for a Communications/Web Content Specialist. Interested candidates please send resumes to mrodriguez@collaborativedev.comHow to apply:Interested candidates please send resumes to mrodriguez@collaborativedev.com

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Program Assistant (source: Relief Web)

Organization: US Institute of PeaceCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 22 Nov 2014THE ORGANIZATIONThe United States Institute of Peace is an independent quasi-federal institution established and funded by the U.S. Congress to:Prevent and resolve violent international conflict; Promote post-conflict stability and development; Increase peacebuilding capacity, tools, and intellectual capital.The Institute accomplishes its mission through direct engagement in peacebuilding efforts around the world, and by empowering others with knowledge, skills, and resources.SUMMARYProvides

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: Administrative and Finance Officer (P-3) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian AffairsCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 07 Nov 2014Special NoticeThis post is funded for a period of one year. Extension of the appointment is subject to extension of the mandate and/or the availability of the funds.Staff members are subject to the authority of the Secretary-General and to assignment by him or her. In this context, all staff are expected to move periodically to new functions in their careers in accordance with established rules and procedures.Org. Setting and ReportingThis position is located in the Office

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sierra Leone: Finance and Accounts Officer (NO-2) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: Sierra LeoneClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purposeof the PositionUnder the general supervision of the Chief of Operations, the Finance and Accounts Officer assists in the area of accounting control, recording, reporting of assets, liabilities and income. Monitors the appropriate disbursements of funds and payments of accounts in accordance with the rules, regulations and established budgetary limits.Key Expected ResultsControls and operates bank accounts in accordance with UN/UNICEF financial rules and regulations and local banking practices.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sierra Leone: Administrative Services Officer (NO-1) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: Sierra LeoneClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionAs focal point of administrative management services in a country or sub-country office, the Administrative Services Officer is accountable for delivery of efficient and cost effective administrative support services, providing guidance for operations of administrative support services and management of administrative staff. Ensures the office’s administrative operations and services are in compliance with the organization’s administrative policy, procedures, rules and regulations.Key

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sierra Leone: Nutrition Officer (NO-2) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: Sierra LeoneClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionUnder the close supervision of the Nutrition Manager (CSD Section), the Nutrition Officer contributes to Nutrition programme planning, administration, implementation, monitoring and the evaluation of the Nutrition programme/project activities, including teamwork and capacity building.Key Expected ResultsCollects and analyzes Nutrition data for the Situation Analysis, Programme/project planning, management, and monitoring and evaluation purposes. Analyzes Nutrition programme implementation

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sierra Leone: WASH Officer (NO-2) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: Sierra LeoneClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionUnder the close supervision of the WASH Manager (CSD Section), the WASH Officer contributes to WASH programme planning, administration, implementation, monitoring and evaluation to support efficient and effective WASH programme delivery conforming to the programme goals and objectives.Key Expected ResultsUndertakes ongoing visits to UNICEF project sites, assesses local conditions and resources, and monitors UNICEF inputs. Communicates with local counterpart authorities on project

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sierra Leone: Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist (NO-3) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: Sierra LeoneClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionUnder the supervision of the CSD Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist, the Monitoring &amp; Evaluation Specialist is responsible for supporting the planning, development and implementation of the integrated monitoring and evaluation strategies in support of the Child Survival and Development section.Key Expected ResultsContributes towards the preparation of the CSD section contributions to the Situation Analysis, within the UNICEF CO. Supports the preparation of the CSD contributions

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Immunization Officer (NO-2) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionUnder the close supervision of the Immunization Specialist (CSD Section), the Immunization Officer contributes to the EPI programme planning, administration, implementation, monitoring and the evaluation of EPI programme/project activities, including teamwork and capacity building.Key Expected ResultsCollects and analyzes EPI data for the Situation Analysis, programme/project planning, management, and monitoring and evaluation purposes. Analyzes EPI programme implementation reports and

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Communication for Development Coordinators (NO-1) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionUnder the general guidance of the Communication for Development Regional Coordinator for Ebola response, the Communication for Development Coordinator will be responsible for social mobilization activities at the field level. The Coordinator will be responsible for quality oversight, field coordination, collection of monitoring data and capacity building of implementing partners. The Coordinator is also accountable for technical support and assistance in the design, formulation, management,

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Communication for Development Regional Coordinator for Ebola (NO-2) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionThe Communication for Development Regional Coordinator for Ebola response will ensure supervision and subnational coordination of the social mobilization field programmes.Under the general guidance of the supervisor, and in close coordination with the Communication group, the Communication for Development Officer is accountable for technical support and assistance in the design, formulation, management, execution, monitoring and evaluation of a behavioural change and social mobilization

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Programme Monitoring Specialist (Emergency EVD), NO-3 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionThe Programme Monitoring Specialist (Emergency EVD) ensures that the UNICEF Country Office has useful, valid and reliable information on the performance of UNICEF-supported emergency programmes for Ebola response including their relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, and sustainability, and in emergency contexts, their coverage, coordination and coherence.Key Expected ResultsMonitoring, Evaluation &amp; Research Planning. The Country Office and national partners have a well-prioritised

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Information Communication Technology Officer (NO-2) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionUnder the supervision of the ICT Specialist, the ICT Officer will provide technical, operational and procedural support and end-user services in the implementation, maintenance and improvement of information technology systems, procedures and activities of the office, in accordance with the ICT work plan, consistent with the Country Programme Management Plan.Key Expected ResultsDevelopment/ adaptation of C4D training tools and materials; training of local community mobilization teams,

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Emergency Officer (NO-2) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionUnder the supervision of and in regular consultation with the Emergency Coordinator, implement country office emergency preparedness and response, in the context of the Ebola programme. Responsible for the technical contribution to the development, planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of the emergency interventions to advance the survival and well-being of children and mothers and affected communities in an emergency situation.Key Expected ResultsTimely and thorough analysis

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: WASH Officer (NO-2) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionThe WASH Officer will work to strengthen the Water and Sanitation and Health service delivery system at community level in areas affected by the EVD. Accountable for professional technical contribution to programme/project design, planning, administration, monitoring and evaluation of WASH programme/project activities, data analysis and progress reporting, and commitment for enhancement of teamwork and capacity building, in support of achievement of planned objectives of the work plan, aligned

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Liberia: Finance Officer (NO-2) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: LiberiaClosing date: 31 Oct 2014Purpose of the PositionUnder the general supervision of the Operations Manager, assists in the area of accounting control, recording, reporting of assets, liabilities and income. Monitors the appropriate disbursements of funds and payments of accounts in accordance with the rules, regulations and established budgetary limits to ensure IPSAS compliance.Key Expected Results 1. Controls and operates office accounts in accordance with UNICEF financial rules and regulations and local bankin practices. Provides up-to-date

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Community Giving Officer, Excellent Development, Brentford, London; £23,000 - £25,000 (source: BOND)

Community Giving Officer, Excellent Development, Brentford, London; £23,000 - £25,000 An exciting new opportunity for an outstanding individual that is passionate about fundraising and customer relationship management.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Consultancy: Land and Natural Resources Tenure Specialist,(Nairobi),Deadline:28 October 2014 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Human Settlements ProgramCountry: KenyaClosing date: 28 Oct 2014Download PDF VersionVACANCY ANNOUNCEMENTIssued on: 21 October 2014ORGANIZATIONAL LOCATION:UN-HabitatDUTY STATION:NairobiFUNCTIONAL TITLE:Consultancy: Land and Natural Resources Tenure SpecialistPOST DURATION12 MonthsCLOSING DATE:28 October 2014BACKGROUNDThe Land and GLTN Unit, located within the Urban Legislation, Land and Governance (ULLG) Branch of UN-Habitat, has the objective to develop, test and disseminate pro-poor and gender responsive approaches in regard to urban land, innovative

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: OFICIAL DE PROGRAMA DE REFUERZO (Barcelona) Ref. 59/14-15 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Oxfam IntermónCountry: SpainClosing date: 05 Nov 2014Intermón Oxfamsomos personas que luchamos, con y para las poblaciones desfavorecidas y como parte de un amplio movimiento global, con el objetivo de erradicar la injusticia y la pobreza, y para lograr que todos los seres humanos puedan ejercer plenamente sus derechos y disfrutar de una vida digna. ¿Quieres formar parte de nuestro equipo?Bajo la responsabilidad de la Gestora de Subvenciones de la región de África del Oeste y Magreb, el OP de Refuerzo apoya la región y los países en las auditorias y entrega de los informes

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Capitalisation et Formalisation de la méthode A.B.C.D en matière de promotion à l’hygiène – Clichy/Paris (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Solidarités InternationalClosing date: 09 Nov 2014Pays :Global avec focus sur le Bangladesh, la RCA, le Myanmar et la RDCLieu :ParisDate de démarrage souhaitée :01/12/2014Durée de la mission:2 moisSolidarités International (SI) est une association d’aide humanitaire internationale qui, depuis plus de 30 ans, porte secours aux populations victimes de conflit armés et de catastrophes naturelles en répondant aux besoins vitaux –boire, manger, s’abriter.Particulièrement engagé dans le combat contre les maladies liées à l’eau insalubre, première cause de mortalité au monde,

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: UNICEF Project Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 07 Nov 2014In a typical year, UNICEF responds to over 250 emergencies in approximately 80 countries, which is roughly half of the countries where UNICEF has a presence. Few of these emergencies will rise to international attention, but the humanitarian needs of children and women remain the same and UNICEF is prepared to respond at any time. UNICEF aims to provide effective, predictable, and timely programmatic and operational support to humanitarian action regardless of the magnitude, cause of the emergency,

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: Teacher Trainer in Maban County, Upper Nile State (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Lutheran World FederationCountry: South SudanClosing date: 07 Nov 2014Background informationThe Lutheran World Federation/Department for World Service (LWF/DWS) South Sudan Programme was established in 2009 and strives to provide humanitarian assistance (emergency/relief, rehabilitation and development work) to refugees and other vulnerable communities to enable them meet their basic human rights and needs in line with its vision and mission statements, and core values. The activities of LWF include education, child protection, food security, WASH, emergency and capacity building

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: HR Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: SightsaversCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 07 Nov 2014Our vision is of a world where no one is needlessly blind and where people who are blind enjoy the same rights as people with sight. Each year, we improve the lives of millions of people in the poorest parts of the world. Sightsavers is growing rapidly and offers a great place to work within easy reach of London and Brighton.HR AdvisorHaywards HeathUp to £30,000 per annumSightsavers has an exciting opportunity for a highly motivated individual to play a pivotal role in the

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Cambodia: Jop application for National Flood Expert (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mekong River CommissionCountry: Cambodia, Lao People&#039;s Democratic Republic (the), Thailand, Viet NamClosing date: 31 Oct 2014TERMS OF REFERENCEProject Title: Flood Management and Migration ProgrammeTitle of consultancy: National Flood ExpertDuty Station: In respective country such as Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam where s/he is based.Duration: The total time of assignment is 12 months, starting from December 01, 2014 until November 30, 2015and Other informations are provided in download link "TOR.pdf"How to apply:Fill in the application form download

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Country Representative - Africa (source: Relief Web)

Organization: MENTOR InitiativeClosing date: 10 Nov 2014The MENTOR Initiative is the world’s leading non-profit organisation dedicated to the control of malaria and other vector borne diseases in emergency and settings, operating across countries in west, central, and eastern Africa. The organisation directly delivers large scale disease control interventions to the most vulnerable communities caught up in emergencies, and in parallel, also works to build the technical and operational capacity of local and international partners on the ground, to incorporate medium and long term disease control

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Capacity Assessment / Assurance Activities if UNICEF (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 04 Nov 2014UNICEF Somalia Office invites proposals from reputable accounting firms experienced in performing assessments similar to micro assessment and assessing risks related to organizational financial management capacity (i.e. accounting, reporting, procurement and internal controls), to undertake capacity assessment/assurance activities of its implementing partners.The overall scope of work for this consultancy will be (i) capacity assessments - to include micro-assessments and macro-assessments; and (ii) assurance activities

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Angola: Programme Coordinator- Neglected Tropical Diseases (source: Relief Web)

Organization: MENTOR InitiativeCountry: AngolaClosing date: 10 Nov 2014The MENTOR Initiative (MENTOR) is an international non-governmental organisation devoted to reducing death and suffering from malaria in humanitarian crises. The MENTOR Initiative is currently providing on going emergency support to the most vulnerable communities in Liberia, Angola, Kenya, the Central African Republic, South Sudan and Chad.The MENTOR Initiative is launching a critical new programme targeting neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in Angola. Focused on mass drug distribution, clinical training and community

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Advocacy Officer: Joining Voices (Fixed-term to September 2016), International Planned Parenthood Federation, London SE1; £40,386 (source: BOND)

Advocacy Officer: Joining Voices (Fixed-term to September 2016), International Planned Parenthood Federation, London SE1; £40,386 IPPF is a member of a group of partners from across Europe working on a Gates Foundation-funded project to safeguard and strengthen European donor financial commitments to, and political leadership of, universal access to reproductive health and fami

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: A WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE HEAD OF DEPARTMENT - IRAQ (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: IraqClosing date: 24 Nov 2014We are looking for:A WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE HEAD OF DEPARTMENTCountry: KURDISTAN (Region of Iraq) - ErbilLength of contract: 12 months, starting the 20th of February 2015The position: Under the supervision of the Country Director, you will have to design ACF Water, Sanitation &amp; Hygiene (WASH) country strategy and contribute to its implementation in order to maximise ACF impact.More precisely, your main responsibilities will be:· Design ACF WASH Country Strategyo Design the country strategy according

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: A FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOODS HEAD OF DEPARTMENT - IRAQ (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: IraqClosing date: 24 Nov 2014We are looking for:A FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOODS HEAD OF DEPARTMENTCountry: KURDISTAN (Region of Iraq) - ErbilLength of contract: 12 months, starting the 20th of February 2015The position: Under the supervision of the Country Director, you will have to design ACF Food Security &amp; Livelihoods (FSL) country strategy and contribute to its implementation in order to maximise ACF impact.More precisely, your main responsibilities will be:· Design ACF FSL Country Strategyo Design the country strategy according

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Business Development Associate, Arlington, VA (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Management Systems InternationalCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 22 Nov 2014Business Development Associate, Arlington, VACompany Profile:MSI is an international development firm in the Washington, D.C., metro area with a 30-year history of helping to deliver results across the developing world. In 2008, we became part of Coffey International Limited. Since that time, we have greatly expanded our ability to respond seamlessly and flexibly to client needs with Coffey's international development offices in the United Kingdom and Australia. We operate in some of

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: Central African Republic - Programme Effectiveness Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: TearfundCountry: Central African RepublicClosing date: 07 Nov 2014We are looking for a Programme Effectiveness Advisor to oversee the delivery of Tearfund's programming in the Central African Republic.The PEA will report to the CAR Response Manager and be responsible to deliver quality programming through capacity building Tearfund's partners and providing technical support around monitoring, evaluation, learning and design to our Operational programming in CAR.The successful candidate will hold a degree in development and have multi-sectoral project management experience

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Rwanda: Finance and Operations Director, Rwanda - Improved Services for Vulnerable Populations (ISVP) Program (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PactCountry: RwandaClosing date: 24 Nov 2014Position Title: Finance and Operations Director, Rwanda - Improved Services for Vulnerable Populations (ISVP) ProgramRequisition Number: 14-0129Location: Kigali, RwandaDepartment Overview:Pact seeks a Finance and Operations Director for the proposed USAID-funded five-year Rwanda Improved Services for Vulnerable Populations (ISVP) Activity to improve and sustain the health and social well-being of Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) and People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV), their households, and communities in Rwanda. This position

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Bilingual Male Training and Curriculum Specialist - United Arab Emirates (source: CfBT Education Trust)

A exciting opportunity has arisen for a bilingual (English-Arabic) male Training and Curriculum Specialist to join our team in Abu Dhabi supporting the implementation of Abu Dhabi Education Council&amp;#8217;s reform agenda. ...

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Rwanda: Economic Strengthening Technical Director, Rwanda - Improved Services for Vulnerable Populations (ISVP) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PactCountry: RwandaClosing date: 24 Nov 2014Position Title: Economic Strengthening Technical Director, Rwanda - Improved Services for Vulnerable Populations (ISVP) ProgramRequisition Number: 14-0128Location: Kigali, RwandaDepartment Overview:Pact seeks an Economic Strengthening Technical Director for the proposed USAID-funded five-year Rwanda Improved Services for Vulnerable Populations (ISVP) Activity to improve and sustain the health and social well-being of Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) and People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV), their households, and communities

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ethiopia: RFP: Baseline survey, Female Genital Mutilation / Cutting (RFP -ETH- 2014 – 9115304) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: EthiopiaClosing date: 14 Nov 2014REQUEST FOR PROPOSAL- (RFP -ETH- 2014 – 9115304)(Open ONLY for Local Organization/Firm)Topic: Consultancy services: to conduct a baseline survey on Female Genital Mutilation/ Cutting (FGM/C) &amp; Child Marriage in Adar, Chifra and Mille district of Zone One in Afar Region.BackgroundFemale Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) and child marriage are deeply embedded Harmful Traditional Practices (HTPs) that are widely practiced in the Afar regional state. Violence against children and women in general and HTPs

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Rwanda: Monitoring and Evaluation, Research and Learning (MERL) Director, Rwanda - Improved Services for (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PactCountry: RwandaClosing date: 24 Nov 2014Position Title: Monitoring and Evaluation, Research and Learning (MERL) Director, Rwanda - Improved Services for Vulnerable Populations (ISVP) ProgramRequisition Number: 14-0127Location: Kigali, RwandaDepartment Overview:Pact seeks a Monitoring and Evaluation, Research and Learning (MERL) Director for the proposed USAID-funded five-year Rwanda Improved Services for Vulnerable Populations (ISVP) Activity to improve and sustain the health and social well-being of Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) and People Living with HIV/AIDS

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Food Assistance Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Samaritan&#039;s PurseCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 28 Nov 2014Samaritan’s Purse has an immediate opportunity for a Food Assistance Advisor to provide technical support to all Samaritan’s Purse food assistance programs around the world, while developing food security programs, and consolidating processes and best practices. This position will specifically focus on support of food programming and capacity building of SP food management field staff in areas of monitoring, reporting, and in compliance with donor regulations.Master's degree (M. A.) or equivalent;

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: Vocational Skills Trainer in Maban County, Upper Nile State (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Lutheran World FederationCountry: South SudanClosing date: 07 Nov 20141. Background information.The Lutheran World Federation/Department for World Service (LWF/DWS) South Sudan Programme was established in 2009 and strives to provide humanitarian assistance (emergency/relief, rehabilitation and development work) to refugees and other vulnerable communities to enable them meet their basic human rights and needs in line with its vision and mission statements, and core values. The activities of LWF include education, child protection, food security, WASH, emergency and capacity

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Rwanda: Deputy Chief of Party, Rwanda - Improved Services for Vulnerable Populations (ISVP) Program (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PactCountry: RwandaClosing date: 24 Nov 2014Position Title: Deputy Chief of Party, Rwanda - Improved Services for Vulnerable Populations (ISVP) ProgramRequisition Number: 14-0126Post Date: 10/21/2014Location: Kigali, RwandaDepartment Overview:Pact seeks a Deputy Chief of Party for the proposed USAID-funded five-year Rwanda Improved Services for Vulnerable Populations (ISVP) Activity to improve and sustain the health and social well-being of Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) and People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV), their households, and communities in Rwanda. This

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: International Consultant on Gender, Kabul, Afghanistan (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Population FundCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 04 Nov 2014The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is pleased to re-announce the following vacancy:VA****C****A****NC****Y NO::VA-CO-2014-10-20CLOSING DATE: 4Nov 2014P****O****ST TITLE: International Consultant on GenderCATEGORY:Special Service Agreement – SSANUM****BE****R OF POSITIONS- (1) ONEDUTY STATION:Kabul with travel to provincesDUR****A****T****IO****N: Three monthsMAJOR ACTIVITIES/ EXPECTED RESULTS:Under the overall guidance of the Representative and the direct supervision and guidance of Deputy

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Rwanda: Chief of Party - Rwanda, Improved Services for Vulnerable Populations (ISVP) Program (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PactCountry: RwandaClosing date: 24 Nov 2014Position Title: Chief of Party - Rwanda, Improved Services for Vulnerable Populations (ISVP) ProgramRequisition Number: 14-0125Location: Kigali, RwandaDepartment Overview:Pact seeks a Chief of Party for the proposed USAID-funded five-year Rwanda Improved Services for Vulnerable Populations (ISVP) Activity to improve and sustain the health and social well-being of Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) and People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV), their households, and communities in Rwanda. This position is contingent upon award.Position

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Vice President, Opportunity Development (source: Relief Web)

Organization: PactCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 24 Nov 2014Position Title: Vice President, Opportunity DevelopmentRequisition Number: 14-0130Location: Washington, DCDepartment Overview:Pact exists to help create a world where those who are poor and marginalized exercise their voice, build their own solutions, and take ownership of their future. The Opportunity Development team contributes to realizing this purpose by:• Forging smart and innovative partnerships and treating all people with dignity and respect;• Growing and diversifying our revenue streams and discovering

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: ADMINISTRATOR (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Committee of the Red CrossCountry: KenyaClosing date: 13 Nov 2014EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY ADMINISTRATOR The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is an impartial, neutral and independent organisation with the exclusively humanitarian mission to protect the lives and dignity of victims of war and internal violence and to provide them with assistance. It also endeavours to prevent suffering by promoting and strengthening International Humanitarian Law and universal humanitarian principles. The ICRC Logistic Centre in Nairobi (Industrial Area) is seeking an

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: International Consultant on Coordinated Multi-Sectorial Response to GBV (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Population FundCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 02 Nov 2014The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is pleased to re-announce the following vacancy:VA****C****A****NC****Y NO:VA-CO-2014-10-21CLOSING DATE: 2 Nov 2014PO****S****T TITLE: International Consultant on Coordinated Multi-Sectorial Response to GBVCATEGORY: Special Service Agreement – SSANUM****BE****R OF POSITIONS(1) ONEDUTY STATION: Kabul, Afghanistan with travel to provincesDUR****A****T****IO****N: 50 Working DaysBackgroundThrough the support of the Italian Embassy to UNFPA Country Program,

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Head of Economy and Peacebuilding, Peacebuilding Issues Programme (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International AlertCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 23 Nov 2014Salary: £44,500 – £52,221 per annum, (subject to skills and experience),plus excellent benefitsBased: LondonWe are recruiting a hands-on leader to join our Peacebuilding Issues Programme (PIP), which consists of a team of experts focusing on research, advocacy and training, and on specific issues such as the economic aspects of peace, environment and climate change, governance and gender. The team generates thinking and ideas and delivers practical support on peacebuilding

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Expert Technique International en système d’information & en gestion de bases de données “santé”

pour son programme d&rsquo;appui au secteur de la sant&eacute; au B&eacute;nin (PASS) R&eacute;f.: BEN/13/025-4 Lieu d&rsquo;affectation: Cotonou, B&eacute;nin Dur&eacute;e du contrat: 24 mois &nbsp; Date probable d&rsquo;entr&eacute;e en fonction: F&eacute;vrier 2015 Package salarial mensuel: entre 5079,60 euros et 7224,55 euros (en ce compris le salaire brut mensuel et les avantages li&eacute;s au statut d'expatri&eacute;: primes d&rsquo;&eacute;loignement et de p&eacute;nibilit&eacute;). Le salaire est calcul&eacute; en fonction de la composition de m&eacute;nage et de l&rsquo;exp&eacute;rience

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

DRC Food Security Livelihoods (FSL) Manager Northern Bahr El Ghazal, based in Aweil

Who are we? The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) is a private, independent, humanitarian organization working on all aspects of the refugee cause in more than twenty five countries throughout the world. The aim of DRC is to protect refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) against persecution and to promote durable solutions to the problems of forced migration on the basis of humanitarian principles and human rights. DRC works in accordance with the UN Conventions on Refugees and the Code of Conduct for the ICRC and NGOs in Disaster Relief. Danish Refugee Council (DRC) has been present in

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Food Security and Livelihoods (market assessment) Consultant Maban, Upper Nile, South Sudan

Background The Danish Refugee Council has been in South Sudan since 2004 mainly working with returning refugees and internally displaced persons returning home after a long civil war. In 2012, DRC opened its operations in Upper Nile State (Maban County) to respond to the large influx of refugees coming from Blue Nile State in Sudan. In early 2013 DRC expanded its operations to Unity State, by setting up a new refugee camp, Ajuong Thok, to welcome refugees relocated from Yida as well as new arrivals from South Kordofan. Apart from building the new camp, DRC is responsible in Ajuong Thok for: Camp

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: DRC Food Security Livelihoods (FSL) Manager Northern Bahr El Ghazal, based in Aweil (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Danish Refugee CouncilCountry: South SudanClosing date: 03 Nov 2014Who are we?The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) is a private, independent, humanitarian organization working on all aspects of the refugee cause in more than twenty five countries throughout the world. The aim of DRC is to protect refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) against persecution and to promote durable solutions to the problems of forced migration on the basis of humanitarian principles and human rights. DRC works in accordance with the UN Conventions on Refugees and the Code of Conduct for the

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: Logistician, CAR (219402-927) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: Central African RepublicClosing date: 22 Dec 2014PROGRAM/DEPARTMENT SUMMARY:Mercy Corps has been operational in the Central African Republic (CAR) since September 2007. With a focus on development and transitional programming, Mercy Corps is implementing water/sanitation, food security, livelihoods, civil society building, gender-based violence (GBV) and protection programs throughout the country. Programs focus on a range of interventions, including access to justice and GBV prevention, boosting agricultural livelihoods, water, sanitation, and hygiene,

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Haiti: Consultant - Rural Resilience &amp; Land Management Program Evaluation - Haiti (219401-927) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: HaitiClosing date: 22 Dec 2014Deadline to Apply:November, 14th 2014Background:The Vie, Te &amp; Eneji Program (VTE phases I &amp; II) have been designed to address the underlying factors that drive environmentally destructive practices while simultaneously introd