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Climate Watch

Impact of fertilizer use on weed management in conservation agriculture - a review

<p>Intensive farming has been adopted to produce large amounts of food grains and cash crops but environment is being deteriorated at alarming rate also. Increased use of fertilizers, pesticides, chemical growth regulators, machinery and poor management practices are accelerating environmental pollution, soil degradation, global warming, climatic change and food deterioration. Conservation agriculture offers a sustainable solution for all these problems most often. This review focuses the use of fertilizers in conservation agriculture and their impact on weed management. Weeds are major constraint in the productivity of agro-ecosystems. Fertilizer use can influence weed emergence, weed persistence, weed dormancy, weed dynamics, weed growth and weed dispersion attributes. The rate, timing, type and method of fertilizer application affect biological trends of weeds. In conservation tillage systems, the interaction between fertilizers and weeds is very complex, and there are reports of positive as well as negative correlations with weed establishment. Altered physical and chemical properties of reduced-tillage soils result in different weed growth and weed-crop competition periods and thus have indirect impacts on weed control strategies and management options in conservation crop production.</p><p>[Taken from authors]</p>

29 Oct 2014 17:08:40 GMT

Global Estimates 2014: People displaced by disasters

<p>IDMC&rsquo;s latest Global Estimates report shows that 22 million people were displaced in 2013 by disasters brought on by natural hazard events. As in previous years, the worst affected region is Asia, where 19 million people, or 87.1 per cent of the global total, were displaced during the year. Although both wealthy and poorer countries are affected, developing countries bear the brunt, accounting for more than 85 per cent of displacement. In the Philippines, typhoon Haiyan alone displaced 4.1 million people, a million more than in Africa, the Americas, Europe and Oceania combined. Viewed relative to population size, seasonal floods also caused significant displacement in sub-Saharan Africa, most notably in Niger, Chad, Sudan and South Sudan &ndash; countries with highly vulnerable populations who are also affected by conflict and drought.</p>

28 Oct 2014 16:59:15 GMT

The risk of disaster-induced displacement in south-east Asia and China

<p>With a focus on countries in south-east Asia and China, this is IDMC&rsquo;s fourth regional study on disaster-related displacement risk.</p><p>Based on over four decades of data from the ASEAN Member States and China, IDMC has applied its probabilistic displacement risk model to calculate the scale, scope and patterns of future displacement caused by rapid-onset hazards in these countries. The primary intended audience for this paper are people in national and regional governments responsible for reducing and managing disaster risks and for protecting the rights of internally displaced persons (IDPs).</p>

28 Oct 2014 16:45:53 GMT

Nexus Nirvana or Nexus Nullity? A dynamic approach to security and sustainability in the water-energy-food nexus

<p>This working paper argues that the governance of water, energy and food security - historically concerned with safety and certainty from contingency - has privileged control-orientated solutions, in particular the construction of large dams for water storage, in the belief they are more secure and more sustainable. It explores the associated risks and uncertainties of this pathway, and highlights that water-energy-food (WEF) systems are by nature complex and dynamic. It highlights the importance of recognizing the power inequalities that often close down the consideration of alternative development pathways, and explains multiple framings of water, energy and food security between actors and how these are shaping policy objectives and project outcomes. The argument is presented that a shift in governance is required towards also incorporating solutions where the limits to control are acknowledged.</p>

28 Oct 2014 11:03:32 GMT

Water and climate change adaptation: policies to navigate uncharted waters

<p>This report focuses on the challenge for freshwater in a changing climate and provides policy guidance on how to navigate this new &quot;waterscape&quot;. It highlights the range of expected changes in the water cycle and the challenge of making practical, on-site adaptation decisions for water. It proposes policy guidelines to prioritise action and improve the efficiency, timeliness and equity of adaptation responses. The report also highlights general trends and good practices drawn from the OECD Survey of Policies on Water and Climate Change Adaptation. The report highlights the benefits of well-designed economic instruments (e.g. insurance schemes, water trading, water pricing), ecosystem-based approaches and &lsquo;real options&rsquo; approaches to financing. It argues that these approaches can improve the flexibility of water policy and investment, reducing the cost of adjusting to changing conditions.</p>

28 Oct 2014 10:51:51 GMT

Guidance on water and adaptation to climate change

<p>The Guidance on Water and Adaptation to Climate Change aims to spur climate change adaptation that takes into account the transboundary dimension of water management. It suggests steps for the development of an adaptation strategy. Based on the concept of integrated water resources management, the Guidance provides advice to decision makers and water managers on how to assess impacts of climate change on water quantity and quality, how to perform risk assessment, including health risk assessment, how to gauge vulnerability, and how to design and implement appropriate adaptation strategies. The Guidance places special emphasis on the specific problems and requirements of transboundary basins, with the objectives of preventing, controlling and reducing transboundary impacts of national adaptation measures and thereby preventing and resolving possible conflict.</p>

28 Oct 2014 10:37:34 GMT

Learning for rural change: 11 stories from Zambia

<p>In September 2013, the IFAD Zambia Country Programme<br />Management Team worked together with ILEIA to enable the documentation and systematic analysis of what was taking place in the<br />field. Eleven practitioners working in agricultural development in<br />Zambia gathered in Lusaka, documenting achievements and challenges.<br />The importance of describing and analysing the results of<br />agricultural initiatives is widely acknowledged. It helps to draw<br />lessons and generate practical knowledge. Often these lessons<br />remain implicit, as highlighted by one of our Zambian authors, Alfred<br />Mkonda. &ldquo;We do a lot of work, but as long as we do not write it down<br />there are a lot of blank pages in our institutional diaries.&rdquo; As such,<br />documentation is a first step towards scaling up successful efforts.</p><p>The 11 stories look at spreading practices, organising farmers and partnerships and participation.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;and</p>

27 Oct 2014 17:39:19 GMT

Assessing Mali’s Direction Nationale De La Météorologie Agrometeorological Advisory Program: preliminary report on the climate science and farmer use of advisories

<p>In June 2011, USAID organized a West African Adaptation Workshop under the Adaptation Partnership in Dakar, Senegal. The workshop had several goals, including improving the awareness of and demand for climate services in the region among decision-makers in various sectors, improving climate service providers&rsquo; understanding of decision-makers&rsquo; needs, identifying opportunities to design and deliver climate services for decision making, and sharing information on good practices and models.<br /><br />This report (one of two) contains an assessment of the forecasts and science behind the advisories themselves, and an assessment of the use of the agrometeorological advisories at the community, household, and individual level in southern Mali.</p><p>The report recommends:</p><ul><li>performing a detailed quantitative assessment of the past performance of the forecasts that undergird the advisories</li><li>shift current advisory construction away from the use of analogue years, as previous experiences of similar rainfall may not hold in a changing climate</li><li>conduct research into the predictability of intra-seasonal variations in rainfall, including the start and end dates of the rainy season, and probability of extreme events, such as prolonged dry spells or very intense rains, at both one-week and one-month lead times, as parallel studies in other parts of the Sahel suggest these quantities are potentially predictable</li><li>investigate means of conveying forecast uncertainties to farmers as a part of advisories</li><li>expand advisories to address gender, the needs of pastoralists, and for poorer farmers who may have greater difficulty responding to advisories in a timely manner</li><li>better understanding the role of weather and climate (and therefore climate services) in rural<br />livelihoods more broadly</li></ul>

24 Oct 2014 16:03:59 GMT

Gender and climate change adaptation in agrarian settings

<p>The impacts of climate variability and change on the rural poor in the Global South become more pronounced with each passing year. While entire communities and regions will be exposed to the same changing temperatures and precipitation, the ways in which they are vulnerable to these changes will vary greatly. As the contemporary literature on adaptation now acknowledges, the patterns of vulnerability to climate change impacts we see today are largely, if not principally, shaped by social factors ranging from gender roles to class to ethnicity. In short, these social factors have broad ramifications for the ways in which people experience and address the impacts of climate variability and change in their lives.</p><p>This report presents three case studies (on Ghana, Mali and Malawi) that illustrate the importance of this contemporary approach to gender when applied to climate change adaptation in rural, agrarian settings. Each case demonstrates that in studies predicated on simple gender categories, the particular challenges and vulnerabilities of a significant portion of the population in question become difficult to identify.</p><p>This report concludes that:</p><ul> <li>identity categories most relevant to understanding vulnerability in a particular place are contextually specific. In the Ghana case, it was the intersection of gender with livelihoods strategies and household situation that brought out the identities most responsible for the production of different livelihoods vulnerabilities to climate change impacts. In the Mali case, the salient intersection was gender and seniority. In Malawi, distinct and differentiated vulnerabilities within gender groups only become visible when gender is understood in the context of the village of residence, and its proximity to the unique livelihoods opportunities and resources in the Mount Mulanje Forest Reserve (MMFR)</li> <li>the use of binary gender analysis to explore vulnerability to climate change impacts risks glossing over important intra-community and intra-household vulnerabilities, including those of the most marginal and vulnerable</li> <li>in the Ghana case, it is very difficult to identify and address the specific livelihoods vulnerabilities of women in female-headed households, and women in diversified households, via a binary gender analysis, as such analysis aggregates the situations of all women into something that most resembles the situations of women in market households</li> <li>in the Mali case, binary gender analysis suggest gendered patterns of livelihoods activities that are produced through specific intersections of seniority and gender. A vulnerability analysis built on this generalised pattern would overlook the specific vulnerabilities and capacities of senior men in this cluster by ignoring their gardening activities.</li> <li>in Malawi, a binary analysis of gender suggests that vulnerability is evenly distributed across the married study population. Yet there are distinct and differentiated vulnerabilities within married households that are tied first to location, and then to gendered emphases with regard to crop selection and livelihoods activities</li></ul>

24 Oct 2014 13:57:28 GMT

Climate finance in Ethiopia

<p>This study highlights challenges for Ethiopia to finance its response to climate change.</p><p>The national Climate Resilient Green Economy strategy has called for annual spending of USD 7.5 billion to respond to climate change. With national budgetary resources for climate change-relevant actions estimated to be in the order of USD 440 million per year, and international sources adding several tens of USD million per year, there appears to be a major financing gap. Therefore, this report argues, if the strategy is to be delivered, much more needs to be done to mobilise additional resources both domestically and externally. The study focuses on public funding allocated within the federal budget, as such spending is most closely aligned with national policy setting and institutional arrangements. A four year period was reviewed, between 2008/2009 and 2011/12.</p>

23 Oct 2014 13:29:49 GMT

NAMA study for a sustainable charcoal value chain in Côte d’Ivoire

<p>This study aims to help C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the current charcoal value chain and enable the country to remove a major driver of deforestation while increasing energy security and sustainability. The Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) design proposed in this study also addresses cross-sectoral issues and adopts a phased approach. It is argued that the NAMA Phase I described in the study is realistic, can be achieved in the short term and still has transformative and sustainable effects on the charcoal sector of C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:44:51 GMT

Vulnerability and resilience to climate change in western Honduras

<p>The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)/African and Latin American Resilience to Climate Change (ARCC) Project conducted the Western Honduras Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment (Western Honduras VA) in 2014. The assessment represents a multidisciplinary effort to assess the impact of climate change and variability on social and ecological systems in Western Honduras. This assessment focused on Western Honduras&rsquo;s Dry Corridor (in Spanish, Corredor Seco) region and the six departments receiving Feed the Future (FtF) programming support: Cop&aacute;n, Ocotepeque, Lempira, Santa Barbara, Intibuc&aacute;, and La Paz. The objectives of this assessment were to: Understand the historical trends and future projections for climate in Western Honduras; Assess how these climate projections will affect livelihoods and ecosystems in the region; and Identify existing and potential adaptive responses that can be integrated into USAID, Government of Honduras, and other donor programming in Western Honduras to strengthen the resilience of livelihoods and ecosystems to climate-related impacts.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:37:21 GMT

Primary energy demand of renewable energy carriers: part 2 policy implications

<p>This paper is the second part of the two paper series focusing on the options for defining primary energy factors (PEFs) for renewables and clarifying the implications of these options in EU energy policy areas.</p><p>The aim of this paper is to present the current use of PEFs in EU legislation and provide an outlook on possible policy outcomes of using different PEF calculation methods in three energy policy areas and related EU legislation. This paper first describes how primary energy factors are used in the EU regulatory framework. Then, the study investigates to what extent different definitions of PEF for RE have implications on the three energy policy fields: EU Directives&ndash; Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), Renewable Energy Directive (RED); the influence on the target setting in overarching EU communications and energy accounting (statistics). The case studies address the policy implications and challenges of using different PEF methodology under these three energy policy areas.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:31:45 GMT

Better growth, better climate: the New Climate Economy report

<p>This report seeks to inform economic decision-makers in both public and private sectors, many of whom recognise the serious risks caused by climate change, but also need to tackle more immediate concerns such as jobs, competitiveness and poverty. The report brings together evidence and analysis, learning from the practical experience of countries, cities and businesses across the world. The report&rsquo;s conclusion is that countries at all levels of income now have the opportunity to build lasting economic growth at the same time as reducing the immense risks of climate change. It argues that the next 15 years will be critical, as the global economy undergoes a deep structural transformation and that the next 15 years of investment will also determine the future of the world&rsquo;s climate system.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:23:41 GMT

Analysis and mapping of climate change risk and vulnerability in Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia

<p>This journal article argues that there is growing demand for spatially explicit information among stakeholders across public and private institutions regarding vulnerability to climate change at the local scale. This study was conducted over 16 districts in Central Rift Valley (CRV) of Ethiopia, to determine the degree of climate risk and the relative vulnerability of the districts, to climate change and, thereby identify vulnerable hotspots. The results are taken to show that vulnerability mapping is crucial in determining the varying degrees of vulnerability of different localities, and generating information that can help researchers, policy makers, private and public institutions in formulating site-specific adaptation strategies and prioritising adaptation investments to the most vulnerable hotspots.</p>

22 Oct 2014 13:16:18 GMT

The HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa: convergence with tuberculosis, socioecological vulnerability, and climate change patterns

<p>This journal article argues that people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) have weakened physiological responses and are immunologically vulnerable to pathogens and stressors in their environment, putting them at a health disadvantage in climate-based rising temperatures, water scarcity, air pollution, potential water- and vector-borne disease outbreaks, and habitat redistributions. It is argued that coupled with HIV/AIDS, climate change threatens ecological biodiversity via a larger-scale socioeconomic recourse to natural resources. Corresponding human and environmental activity shape conditions conducive to exacerbating high rates of HIV/AIDS. In South Africa, this epidemic is forming a &lsquo;syndemic&rsquo; with tuberculosis (TB), which has come to include multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) and extremely drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) strains. The paper argues that, because of high convergence rates, one epidemic cannot be addressed without understanding the other.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:28:58 GMT

Flood early warning systems in Nepal: a gendered perspective

<p>This report presents the Nepal focused findings of a study which assessed the institutional arrangements, key stakeholders, legal provisions, coordination and linkage mechanisms, and four key elements of early warning systems &ndash; risk knowledge, monitoring and warning services, dissemination and communication, and response capacity &ndash; from the perspective of gender. It also gathered experiences from two villages with functioning community-based flood early warning systems. The report suggests that, in view of the diversity of development issues and livelihood challenges that communities face on a day-to-day basis, it is important to tune early warning systems according to the local context. It is argued that early warning systems should be seen as a social and development activity rather than an exclusive domain of engineers and technicians. This simplification and democratization of early warning systems requires bridging the gap between technical departments and communities.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:21:12 GMT

Women’s vulnerability to climatic and non-climatic change in the Eastern Gangetic Plains

<p>Previous findings from IWMI&rsquo;s research conducted in Madhubani, Bihar, India, and in Dhanusha and Morang of the Nepal Terai (Madhesh) were taken to substantiate previous literature on the region by showing how men and women are differentially affected by climate change. However, the studies outlined in this policy brief, show how gendered vulnerability stems from a diverse set of climatic and non-climatic causes, and is not always direct, and policy responses should be tailored accordingly. Patterns of agrarian stress and the resultant vulnerabilities are determined by a range of historically specific political, economic and social processes as well as climate stress. Migration, which is in part a response to climate stress, creates new forms of vulnerability, not only for migrants but also for those left behind&mdash;who are often women. It is also argued that it is crucial to explore how gendered vulnerability to climate change is intricately connected to other axes of inequality &ndash; namely class and caste.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:11:26 GMT

Are trees buffering ecosystems and livelihoods in agricultural landscapes of the Lower Mekong Basin? Consequences for climate-change adaptation

<p>This working paper analyses 1) the impacts of continuing land-use and climate changes in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) region; and 2) the potential role of increased use of trees in agricultural landscapes to reduce the negative impact of land-use changes. The study is taken to confirm that natural resources and ecosystem services &ndash; particularly water, soil and biodiversity &ndash; are degrading in the LMB. However, it is argued that trees outside forests, including agroforests, can help buffer both ecosystems and local livelihoods in agricultural landscapes, thereby enhancing their resilience. It is argued that combining local knowledge and scientific knowledge in selecting optimal combinations and spatial arrangements of suitable trees and agroforestry practices is necessary in order to maximize synergies and reduce trade-offs among different ecosystem services, between ecosystem benefits and economic benefits, and between climate-change adaptation and mitigation purposes. Policy recommendations and ideas for further research are given.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:03:15 GMT

Forests in a changing climate: a sourcebook for integrating REDD+ into academic programmes

<p>This sourcebook seeks to take stock of the knowledge, approaches, tools and initiatives that have been developed for REDD+ and to facilitate their integration into multi-disciplinary higher education programmes, especially in countries actively engaged in REDD+ readiness efforts and preparations. It aims to provide guidance on curriculum development and integration of REDD+ concepts and methods into relevant postgraduate programmes, facilitate access of REDD+ materials to universities available in the UN-REDD Programme and engage university networks as strategic platforms and centres of excellence for mainstreaming REDD+ education research, development and outreach, and to build, through university education systems, the professional capacity and leadership needed for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. The sourcebook is structured around a series of 12 modules covering the different aspects of REDD+.</p>

22 Oct 2014 10:50:24 GMT

Design for improved water supply and water management in Hihifo district, Tonga

<p>This report provides design details and costs for the proposed long-term improvements to the water supply system at Hihifo on the island of Tongatapu, Kingdom of Tonga. This is part of the demonstration project under the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) programme. The proposed project aims to provide an opportunity for the Hihifo community to use local water resources sustainably and, hence, enhance the resilience of these water resources to the impacts of current climate variability and projected climate change. The present public water (or &lsquo;town water&rsquo;) supply system at Hihifo is based on groundwater pumped directly into the distribution system and has shown a high level of unreliability and poor water quality for a number of years.</p>

22 Oct 2014 10:35:01 GMT

Planning climate resilient coastal cities: learnings from Panaji and Visakhapatnam, India

<p>This working paper is a result of TERI&rsquo;s year-long study which aimed to develop and test approaches that can increase resilience of infrastructure assets and the services they provide in developing nations. Chapter 1 of the working paper provides a brief introduction to the project. Chapter 2 and 3 provide an overview of the broad approaches adopted for this year-long assessment in the project cities of Visakhapatnam and Panaji. For each step of the study, the experiences and challenges have been summarized with an objective of sharing the learning from the project and deriving lessons for practitioners. Chapter 4 highlights a methodology called the Climate Vulnerability Assessment for Coastal Cities (CVACC) which was developed as part of this study. Chapter 5 discusses the approach for developing the recommendations for the project cities and Chapter 6 suggests key lessons and scope for future work in this area which could further strengthen this research.</p>

22 Oct 2014 10:29:25 GMT

Draft policy framework for efficient water use in energy production

<p>This report proposes a policy framework which aims to enhance harmonisation of policies linked to water and energy. It is argued that this policy framework can assist in the development of new legal/policy instruments or review of existing instruments which direct the management of water, energy and other sectors. The paper argues that there is a network of legislative and policy instruments in South Africa that directs the management of water and energy resources and that synergy amongst them needs improve, especially when it comes to the efficiency of water use in the energy sector. It is argued that there is therefore need for a framework that can assist in tracing policy links in order to achieve sustainability towards effective and efficient resource management and planning.</p>

22 Oct 2014 09:53:31 GMT

The political economy of corruption and REDD+: lessons from the Philippines' pilot sites

<p>Corruption is a continuing feature of the Philippines&rsquo; natural resource sectors. Given keen interest in the country&rsquo;s REDD+ potential, it is useful to consider corruption risks related to REDD+ from a political economy perspective.</p><p>This U4 Issue draws on fieldwork from two REDD+ pilot sites to assess current governance and anti-corruption safeguards related to benefit-sharing, land tenure rights for indigenous peoples, and private sector involvement. Many anti corruption actions are in place in the pilot sites, but they are weakly embedded in social relations at the local level. More work is required to raise awareness of the benefits of governance safeguards to livelihoods and security of land tenure. The lack of a national REDD+ coordinating body means that the collection and dissemination of relevant anti-corruption lessons for REDD+ nationally remains challenging. Existing anti-corruption initiatives require solid implementation strategies as well as adequate financial support.</p>

21 Oct 2014 09:35:54 GMT

Zambia country profile: Monitoring, reporting and verification for REDD+

<p>This report provides an overview of the national REDD+ strategy and institutional capacity for Monitoring Reporting and Verification (MRV) of REDD+ as well as the current state of knowledge of various elements critical to MRV of REDD+ in Zambia including: Current drivers and rates of deforestation and forest degradation; a review of standing biomass, forest growth rates and carbon stock estimates; and data sets available for MRV in Zambia. The report also identifies knowledge and data gaps that need to be filled in order to develop an effective MRV system for REDD+ in the country. Key knowledge gaps, such as carbon stocks and growth rates within different forest types, are outlined as well as recommendations as to how knowledge gaps and capacity to implement MRV of REDD+ can be addressed.</p>

17 Oct 2014 15:20:30 GMT

Changing Small Island Developing States: A space perspective on environmental change in the Caribbean

<p>This publication focuses on high-resolution imagery processed to illustrate the impacts on Small Island Developing States of the Caribbean of climate change, sea-level rise, coral bleaching, uncontrolled urban and tourism development, severe deforestation and selected natural hazards such as earthquakes, hurricanes, flooding and landslides. Through a series of case studies the report, written in English and Spanish, documents environmental changes in estuaries, mangroves, corals, coastlines and forests; as well as different approaches to land use and conservation; urbanization, tourism infrastructure and industrialization and finally disasters from pre-event hazard maps to impacts such as flooding and landslides and finally reconstruction efforts.</p>

17 Oct 2014 15:14:35 GMT

Guidelines for the design and implementation of community-managed water storage in Tuvalu

<p>These guidelines were developed as part of the Pacific Adaptation to Climate Change (PACC) project which aims to build resilience to drought by improving the Tuvalu&rsquo;s water resources management.</p><p>The publication details the process undertaken to design and build a community-managed water cistern in Lofeagai community, in the north of Funafuti Atoll. Lofeagai was selected for the PACC pilot demonstration project through a vulnerability and adaptation (V&amp;A) assessment and a stakeholder consultation process. This process identified Lofeagai as the most vulnerable community on Funafuti, followed by Tekavatoetoe. The project design stage included a socio-economic assessment (SEA) in the Lofeagai community, community consultations, and a cost&ndash;benefit analysis (CBA).</p>

17 Oct 2014 15:01:23 GMT

Poverty and Vulnerability Assessment – a survey instrument for the Hindu Kush Himalayas

<p>This publication describes the development and application of ICIMOD&rsquo;s Poverty and Vulnerability Assessment (PVA), a household survey tool designed to capture key elements of poverty, vulnerability, and adaptive capacity in mountain contexts for the Hindu Kush Himalayan region. The tool combines general predictors of poverty with indicators that are particularly relevant in mountain contexts, where factors such as physical accessibility and a lack of access to basic facilities often exacerbate poverty and vulnerability to stresses such as those related to climate variability and change. The report argues that the PVA tool is particularly relevant in the context of development interventions aimed at building resilience and facilitating adaptation to climate variability and change. It argues that the PVA tool provides a vital foundation for the regular monitoring of poverty and vulnerability that will enable the success of development and adaptation interventions by governments and donors to be evaluated in a robust, empirically grounded manner.</p>

17 Oct 2014 14:53:46 GMT

Climate change and water resources in West Africa: an assessment of groundwater management

<p>This paper addresses the sustainability and potential impacts of climate change on rural groundwater management in West Africa.</p><p>It recommends starting at local levels and slowly build up larger and more formal organisations to share in the governance not only of groundwater but of all water resources, and to ensure that water resources are not permanently depleted. It argues that variations in the hydrogeology of West Africa fall into two main categories: the large sedimentary basins of the major rivers that have continuous aquifers, and the extensive areas of basement complex rocks with lateritic cover that provide limited groundwater in discontinuous aquifers.</p>

17 Oct 2014 14:09:51 GMT

The Chinyanja Triangle in the Zambezi River Basin, Southern Africa: status of, and prospects for, agriculture, natural resources management and rural development

<p>This paper, which focuses on the Chinyanja Triangle (CT), an area inside the Zambezi River Basin, characterises three distinct farming subsystems across rainfall gradients, namely maize-beans-fish, sorghum-millet-livestock and the livestock-dominated subsystem. It presents the socioeconomic characteristics, historical drivers of change, resources use and management (water, land, forestry) and the institutional disincentives affecting agricultural production and productivity in the region. The paper also attempts to identify major drivers of change, and inventorize key institutions in the region and suggests improved institutional arrangements for improving agricultural productivity, resilience and ecosystem health at farm, landscape and basin scales.</p>

17 Oct 2014 14:04:51 GMT

Primary Energy Demand of Renewable Energy Carriers: Part 1: Definitions, accounting methods and their applications with a focus on electricity and heat from renewable energies

<p>This paper addresses the different primary energy definitions, accounting methods, and their applications with a focus on electricity and heat generation from renewable energy. In addition to renewable energy sources, primary energy factors for electricity from waste, nuclear, and imported electricity are also discussed as these can be calculated in different ways.</p><p>This paper is the first part of a two paper series. In the second part of the study, the application of primary energy factors (PEF) in the three EU Directives - Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) and Renewable Energy Directive (RED) is discussed.</p>

17 Oct 2014 13:52:11 GMT

The knowledge and skills needed to engage in REDD+: a competencies framework

<p>This document aims to provide an overview of the essential knowledge, skills and resources required to engage on ten major REDD+ themes.</p><p>It consists of three sections: 1. Designing Capacity Building Programs to Meet the Needs of REDD+ Stakeholders, 2. Essential Knowledge and Skills, 3. Case Studies on the Design of Capacity Building Programs for REDD+. The document contains a set of guidelines and resources that will help the user to understand the target audience, to define the REDD+ themes of interest to this audience, and to develop a capacity building plan based on those needs. It examines REDD+ themes along the lines of a general competency statement, knowledge, skills, important things to remember, and resources and tools.</p>

17 Oct 2014 13:41:13 GMT

Status of forest carbon rights and implications for communities, the carbon trade, and REDD+ investments

<p>This brief presents research findings and examines the status of existing legal frameworks regarding Indigenous Peoples&rsquo; and local communities&rsquo; rights to trade forest carbon.</p><p>It argues that &nbsp;REDD+ has not been a catalyst of tenure reforms across low and middle income countries (LMICs), even though most countries with a REDD+ strategy have identified the clarification of tenure as a key component of their approach, and leading international REDD+ initiatives have committed to recognizing and advancing community tenure rights. The Rights and Resources Initiative research is taken to indicate that the increase in the area recognized as owned by Indigenous Peoples and local communities was five times higher in the period 2002-2008 than 2008-2013, representing a slowdown in the recognition of rights on the ground.</p>

17 Oct 2014 13:29:40 GMT

The Little Green Data Book 2014

<p>The Little Green Data Book is a reference for key environmental data for over 200 economies. Key indicators are organized under the headings of agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, energy, emission and pollution, and water and sanitation. It provides country-relevant &lsquo;green&rsquo; metrics with the aim of giving a picture of environmental sustainability challenges. The selection of indicators includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. It provides data by region, income level and mostly by country. The Book is a result of collaboration between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Agriculture and Environmental Services Department of the Sustainable Development Network Vice Presidency.</p>

16 Oct 2014 15:07:24 GMT

Fair company–community partnerships in palm oil development

<p>This discussion paper argues that palm oil production can lead to greenhouse gas emissions, land grabs and exploitation. But, it says that sustainable production, investment and sourcing can create benefits for the climate and communities.</p><p>The paper highlights four key principles for designing partnerships between communities and companies in palm oil that can benefit both: freedom of choice, accountability, improvement and respect for rights (FAIR). These principles for FAIR partnerships are intended to prompt a rethink of current development models. This paper calls on companies and financial institutions to invest in these types of partnerships.</p>

16 Oct 2014 14:57:54 GMT

Agroforestry, livestock, fodder production and climate change adaptation and mitigation in East Africa: issues and options

<p>This working paper argues that agroforestry and livestock-keeping both have the potential to promote anthropogenic climate change resilience and support each other in this context.</p><p>The paper discusses relevant issues in East Africa, where recent agroforestry interventions to support livestock keeping have included the planting of mostly-exotic tree-fodders, and where most parts of the region are expected to become drier in the next decades, although smaller areas may become wetter. It argues that wider cultivation and improved management of fodder trees provides adaptation and mitigation opportunities in the region, but these are generally not well quantified and there are clear opportunities for increasing productivity and resilience through diversification, genetic improvement, improved farm-input delivery and better modelling of future scenarios. The paper offers, with the example of current- and future-climate tree species distribution modelling, important areas for future research.</p>

16 Oct 2014 14:47:46 GMT

Measuring China’s environmental industry based on environmental goods and services sector (EGSS) accounting framework – a synthesis report

<p>This synthesis report presents the results of a study on measuring China&rsquo;s environmental industry, which aims to identify the feasibility of applying the environmental goods and services sector (EGSS) accounting framework there.</p><p>This report argues that measuring progress towards a green economy is a vital component of green economy strategies and that the EGSS accounting framework is considered as a key approach for quantifying the performance of the environmental sectors in the economy. It describes the development of China&rsquo;s environmental industry and its related statistics and moves on to introduce the EGSS framework and compares it with China&rsquo;s standard statistics. It provides a feasibility assessment of introducing EGSS into China, focusing on data collection from national regular statistics and Environmental Industry Survey. The report concludes by offering suggestions on how to apply EGSS framework in China as well as recommendations for further improvements.</p>

16 Oct 2014 14:27:25 GMT

Africa energy outlook - a focus on energy prospects in sub-Saharan Africa

<p>Sub-Saharan Africa&rsquo;s energy sector can be improved to unlock a better life for its citizens. This report describes one of the most poorly understood parts of the global energy system, offers an authoritative study of its future prospects, broken down by fuel, sector and sub-region and shows how investment in the sub-Saharan energy sector can stimulate rapid economic and social development across the region.</p><p>The report:</p><ul><li><p>explores how quickly modern energy might be brought to the huge population currently deprived of it</p></li><li><p>highlights key actions in the energy sector that can unleash more rapid economic and social development in sub-Saharan Africa</p></li><li><p>examines how existing and emerging oil and gas producers can maximise the value of their resources for economic development</p></li><li><p>evaluates the role of renewables in the region&rsquo;s energy future, and how important mini- and off-grid solutions can be in providing access to electricity</p></li><li><p>identifies the benefits that greater regional integration of the energy sector can bring, as well as mapping the future role of sub-Saharan Africa in the global energy system</p></li></ul>

14 Oct 2014 09:32:37 GMT

The role of education in responding to natural disasters

<p>The role for education in natural disaster management that appeared most frequently in the literature is teaching children risk reduction and management material. Children often spread learning to their families and communities and many believe that &lsquo;educating a child is educating a family&rsquo;. However, disaster preparedness education can be set up for communities also and not just restricted to the school environment.</p><p>The safety of school buildings is also a major consideration in looking at education and natural disaster linkages. Children spend up to 50 percent of their waking hours in school facilities and it is often the case that schools are not constructed or maintained to be disaster resilient. Additionally school buildings are often used by the wider community as a shelter in the event of a disaster.</p><p>This Helpdesk Report includes the following sections:</p><ul><li>information on India</li><li>case studies</li><li>disaster risk reduction</li><li>infrastructure</li><li>child-centred approaches to disaster management</li><li>network and organisation links</li></ul><p>Findings show that children play an important role both in reducing disaster risks and helping their communities become more resilient.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

09 Oct 2014 14:08:57 GMT

The second National Communication of Jamaica to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

<p>This Second National Communication (SNC) includes greenhouse gase&nbsp;(GHG) inventories for 2000‐05 (and reference year 2000), prepared using the updated 2006 IPCC inventory guidelines. The SNC also assesses climate change impacts for the key sectors of health, human settlements, and tourism, in addition to revisiting agriculture, water, and coastal zones, for the years 2015, 2030, and 2050. Although not required as a non‐Annex I Party, Jamaica&rsquo;s SNC also includes an assessment of potential mitigation options to reduce GHG emissions over 2009 to 2030 that will, just as importantly, improve energy efficiency. Finally, other activities in support of the Convention, such as awareness raising, a review of the national systematic observation systems, and a technology needs assessment, are also described.</p>

08 Oct 2014 13:24:27 GMT

Working Group Report Climate Change Impacts on Coastal and Marine Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean - Report of Working Group II, Climate Change and Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean

<p>This report is based on a desk study of published and unpublished literature relating to climate change and its impact on coastal and marine biodiversity in the insular Caribbean.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The authors identify&nbsp;several constraints and gaps in the existing knowledge and suggests a research&nbsp;agenda</span>&nbsp;focused on conservation and ecosystem resilience building.</p>

06 Oct 2014 16:44:09 GMT

Local preferences for REDD+ payment formats in Brazil, The Bolsa Floresta Programme, RDS Rio Negro

<p>Poverty and sustainable development impacts of REDD architecture is a multi-country project led by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED, UK) and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (Aas, Norway). The project aims to increase understanding of how different options for REDD+ design and policy at international, national and sub-national level will affect achievement of greenhouse gas emission reduction and co-benefits of sustainable development and poverty reduction.</p><p>As countries develop national REDD+ strategies, pilot projects are taking place. One of the key challenges that these pilot projects face is how to ensure that the benefits package offered to local communities in return for their commitments to forest stewardship matches their preferences, while still being realistic in terms of cost.</p><p>The objective of the field research that this study draws together was to understand how people perceive the costs and benefits of the Bolsa Floresta Program, one of the largest REDD+ pilot projects in the world. It explores people&#39;s preferences for changes in the design of the programme and its distribution of the benefits between different components.</p>

03 Oct 2014 16:25:43 GMT

Payment formats for REDD+ interventions: preferences and concerns in Aowin District, Ghana

<p>Poverty and sustainable development impacts of REDD architecture is a multi-country project led by the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED, UK) and the Norwegian University of Life Sciences (Aas, Norway). The project aims to increase understanding of how different options for REDD+ design and policy at international, national and sub-national level will affect achievement of greenhouse gas emission reduction and co-benefits of sustainable development and poverty reduction.</p><p>Ghana is in the process of getting ready to implement REDD+ interventions. REDD+ is envisaged to work by compensating communities for avoided deforestation. Therefore, an understanding of communities&rsquo; preferences for compensation is important to work out compensation packages that are meaningful for the community and that will enhance their livelihoods and contribute positively to their socio-economic and political conditions of existence.</p><p>This report presents the findings of a study undertaken to understand the types of compensation the community members aspire to, in return for avoiding deforestation and refraining from livelihood activities that could potentially lead to forest degradation, as well as for undertaking other positive mitigation activities.</p>

03 Oct 2014 16:18:03 GMT

Corruption risks and mitigating approaches in climate finance

<p>There are major governance and corruption challenges associated with climate finance, with huge amounts of money from a wide variety of sources flowing through new, complex and relatively untested funding mechanisms at international, national and local levels.</p><p>Yet, as climate governance is still in a formative stage, research on the corruption risks associated with climate finance is nascent and represents a rapidly evolving field of investigation. An important stream of research focuses on understanding the complex web of actors and institutions involved in climate finance decisions, the scale and nature of money flows, as well as where the money is coming from and where it is going. While there is an emerging body of research on national and global mechanisms, it is also important to explore the risks and opportunities presented by local-level climate financing, and to gain a better understanding on how the global, national and local levels relate to each other, so that various interests can be better balanced, articulated and integrated to promote greater responsibility and accountability in climate finance.</p><p>Research into the governance and accountability frameworks of the various actors involved and how these are implemented at the international, national and local levels, is also important in gaining a clearer picture of how best to mitigate corruption risks and identify emerging good practice.</p><p>Lessons learnt on best practice from development assistance as well as other sectors can help inform the debate.</p>

02 Oct 2014 17:33:27 GMT

Cattle and climate in Africa: how climate variability has influenced national cattle holdings from 1961–2008

<p>The role of cattle in developing countries is as a source of high-quality food, as draft animals, and as a source of manure and fuel. Cattle represent important contribution to household incomes, and in drought prone areas they can act as an insurance against weather risk. So far, no studies have addressed how historical variations in temperature and rainfall have influenced cattle populations in Africa. The focus of this study is to assess the historical impact of climate variability on national cattle holdings. We reconstruct the cattle density and distribution for two time periods; 1955&ndash;1960 and 2000&ndash;2005. Based on estimates from FAO and official numbers, we generated a time series of cattle densities from 1961&ndash;2008, and compared these data with precipitation and temperature anomalies for the same period. We show that from 1961&ndash;2008 rainfall and temperature have been modulating, and occasionally controlling, the number of cattle in Africa.</p>

02 Oct 2014 17:03:59 GMT

Pre-project: Climate change as an opportunity towards adaptive sustainable aquaculture (CADINAL)

<p>Cultured food fish currently accounts for nearly 50 % of the global consumption. India and Norway are the world&rsquo;s second and seventh largest aquaculture producers respectively, thus aquaculture is considered to be a sector which provides immense opportunities in both adaptation and mitigation under climate change realm in both countries. India and Norway is located in the tropical, and in the cold temperate zone respectively. Furthermore, freshwater aquaculture dominates in India, while in Norway marine water aquaculture dominates. While feed inputs for Indian carps mainly stems from agriculture, the salmon still depends on feeds input from fisheries. Thus the two countries aquaculture industries could be regarded as two extremities within world aquaculture, and a comparison will be highly valuable. The overall objective of this pre-project was to build a holistic and integrated knowledge base that would enable a future quantitative analysis of the dynamic two way interactions between climate change and the aquaculture sector. This report sums up the knowledge basis on the impacts of climate change on Norwegian aquaculture, assess the feasibility for an in-depth quantitative analysis on the impacts of climate change on Norwegian aquaculture, and sums up common research challenges between Norway and India. The knowledge basis on the impacts of climate change on Indian aquaculture is summed up in a separate report.</p>

02 Oct 2014 16:04:01 GMT

Review of support to the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership, REEEP - norad.no

<p>The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) was established after the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg in 2002. REEEP is a public private partnership, registered as an NGO under Austrian law.</p><p>REEEP supports small projects promoting renewable energy and energy efficiency. The organization sees itself as a catalyst for scaling up clean energy business models in developing countries and emerging markets. The organization plays a central role in promoting policy and regulations that provides incentives for and enables private sector investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency.</p><p>REEEP operates through a mechanism of call for proposals, and seeks especially to scale-up successful business models for clean energy, through decentralized and off grid generation. So far, 185 projects have been approved in 58 countries.</p><p>Norway has supported REEEP since 2006, with a total amount of NOK 61.5 million. During the last two years REEEP has gone through some organizational changes, and developed a new strategy. In light of this Norway in partnership with Switzerland (one of REEEP&rsquo;s other main funders &ndash; EUR 2 mill.) decided to carry out a review of REEEP. The review should assess to what extent REEEP has reached its objectives, and to appraise REEEP&rsquo;s new strategy, which includes the establishment of a new Phased Finance Facility in collaboration with the Climate Technology Initiative&rsquo;s (CTI) Private Finance Advisory Network (PFAN). The review report intends to inform future decisions on continued support to REEEP.</p><p>Norad was tasked by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to carry out the review of REEEP.</p>

01 Oct 2014 17:10:06 GMT

Contribution Analysis: Norwegian Embassy support to indigenous peoples in Brazil 2002 -2013

<p>The purpose of this study is twofold: (a) to acquire knowledge and draw lessons about the nature, organisation and achievements of the Norwegian Indigenous Support Programme in Brazil (NISPB), and (b) to inform future strategies, policies and interventions in this area of development cooperation.<br />The study covers the project period from 2002-2012/2013 and focuses on the current 18 projects that have been supported through 17 civil society partner organisations. The overall methodological framework is a human rights approach known as PANTHER, an acronym for the human rights principles Participation, Accountability, Non-Discrimination, Transparency, Human Dignity, Empowerment and Rule of Law.</p>

01 Oct 2014 17:01:25 GMT

Fair share: climate finance to vulnerable countries

<p>This briefing argues that the international community has failed to put in place, at sufficient scale, either the financing or the delivery mechanisms needed to strengthen the resilience and enhance the adaptation capabilities of vulnerable people. As a result, it argues that government and household budgets in the poorest countries are paying for a&nbsp;threat that originates principally in richer countries. Drawing on research from three countries in sub-Saharan Africa, this paper highlights the significant public expenditure on adaptation that is taking place through national budgets. It argues that this expenditure represents a considerable burden on a limited revenue base. A new approach to supporting national action on climate change is proposed whereby public climate finance from the international community would, at a minimum, match the level of domestic public spending relevant to climate change in those countries acknowledged to be the most vulnerable.</p>

01 Oct 2014 13:22:53 GMT

Assessment of vulnerability to natural hazards at subnational level: provincial estimates for the Philippines

<p>Vulnerability to natural hazards is measured like hazard frequencies that reflect the predisposition of a system to extreme events at a certain instant of time. The measurement of vulnerability is found useful in the conception of disaster preparedness and positioning regions or countries for aid support.</p><p>In recent years, there has been a growing literature on measuring vulnerability at the level of subnational regions, provinces, cities, districts, and even communities. The rationale for this assessment is to bring attention to local vulnerabilities and highlight the various domains of vulnerability including income vulnerability, vulnerability of environment, and governance and human resource fragilities. These are translated into local scales that can be readily understood by those exposed to the natural hazards themselves.</p><p>This Policy Note presents the results of provincial vulnerability assessment in the Philippines and discusses the concepts and issues that define local vulnerability.</p>

30 Sep 2014 15:47:16 GMT

Display Next Eldis Climate Change [eldis.org]

Are trees buffering ecosystems and livelihoods in agricultural landscapes of the Lower Mekong Basin? Consequences for climate-change adaptation

<p>This working paper analyses 1) the impacts of continuing land-use and climate changes in the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) region; and 2) the potential role of increased use of trees in agricultural landscapes to reduce the negative impact of land-use changes. The study is taken to confirm that natural resources and ecosystem services &ndash; particularly water, soil and biodiversity &ndash; are degrading in the LMB. However, it is argued that trees outside forests, including agroforests, can help buffer both ecosystems and local livelihoods in agricultural landscapes, thereby enhancing their resilience. It is argued that combining local knowledge and scientific knowledge in selecting optimal combinations and spatial arrangements of suitable trees and agroforestry practices is necessary in order to maximize synergies and reduce trade-offs among different ecosystem services, between ecosystem benefits and economic benefits, and between climate-change adaptation and mitigation purposes. Policy recommendations and ideas for further research are given.</p>

22 Oct 2014 11:03:15 GMT

The Little Green Data Book 2014

<p>The Little Green Data Book is a reference for key environmental data for over 200 economies. Key indicators are organized under the headings of agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, energy, emission and pollution, and water and sanitation. It provides country-relevant &lsquo;green&rsquo; metrics with the aim of giving a picture of environmental sustainability challenges. The selection of indicators includes some of those being used to monitor progress toward the Millennium Development Goals. It provides data by region, income level and mostly by country. The Book is a result of collaboration between the Development Data Group of the Development Economics Vice Presidency and the Agriculture and Environmental Services Department of the Sustainable Development Network Vice Presidency.</p>

16 Oct 2014 15:07:24 GMT

Working Group Report Climate Change Impacts on Coastal and Marine Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean - Report of Working Group II, Climate Change and Biodiversity in the Insular Caribbean

<p>This report is based on a desk study of published and unpublished literature relating to climate change and its impact on coastal and marine biodiversity in the insular Caribbean.</p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">The authors identify&nbsp;several constraints and gaps in the existing knowledge and suggests a research&nbsp;agenda</span>&nbsp;focused on conservation and ecosystem resilience building.</p>

06 Oct 2014 16:44:09 GMT

No longer tracking greenery in high altitudes: pastoral practices of Rupshu nomads and their implications for biodiversity conservation

<p>Nomadic pastoralism has thrived in Asia&rsquo;s rangelands for several millennia by tracking seasonal changes in forage productivity and coping with a harsh climate. This pastoralist lifestyle, however, has come under intense transformations in recent decades due to socio-political and land use changes. One example is of the high-altitude trans-Himalayan rangelands of the Jammu and Kashmir State in northern India: major socio-political reorganisation over the last five decades has significantly impacted the traditional pasture use pattern and resources. We outline the organizational transformations and movement patterns of the Rupshu pastoralists who inhabit the region. We demonstrate the changes in terms of intensification of pasture use across the region as well as a social reorganisation due to accommodation of Tibetan refugees following the Sino-Indian war in 1961 to 1962. We focus in particular on the Tso Kar basin - an important socio-ecological system of livestock herding and biodiversity in the eastern Ladakh region. The post-war developmental policies of the government have contributed to these modifications in traditional pasture use and present a threat to the rangelands as well as to the local biodiversity. In the Tso Kar basin, the number of households and livestock has almost doubled while pasture area has declined by half. These changes have potentially negative consequences for the long-term resilience of nomadic pastoralism as well as for the survival of rare local wildlife. To increase the pastoralist standard of living, having fewer pastoralists may be the only solution, and alternative livelihood options may bring this about. Development programmes should concentrate on enhancing opportunities for herders so that there is a greater diversity of employment opportunities and potentially better chances for the persistence of biodiversity.</p>

02 Oct 2014 16:22:37 GMT

Contribution Analysis: Norwegian Embassy support to indigenous peoples in Brazil 2002 -2013

<p>The purpose of this study is twofold: (a) to acquire knowledge and draw lessons about the nature, organisation and achievements of the Norwegian Indigenous Support Programme in Brazil (NISPB), and (b) to inform future strategies, policies and interventions in this area of development cooperation.<br />The study covers the project period from 2002-2012/2013 and focuses on the current 18 projects that have been supported through 17 civil society partner organisations. The overall methodological framework is a human rights approach known as PANTHER, an acronym for the human rights principles Participation, Accountability, Non-Discrimination, Transparency, Human Dignity, Empowerment and Rule of Law.</p>

01 Oct 2014 17:01:25 GMT

The environmental crime crisis. threats to sustainable development from illegal exploitation and trade in wildlife and forest resources

<p>Given the alarming pace, level of sophistication, and globalized nature that illegal trade in wildlife has now notoriously achieved, UNEP initiated a Rapid Response Assessment to provide some of the latest data, analysis, and broadest insights into the phenomenon. Tackling illegal wildlife trade demands this examination of the relationship between the environmental resources at stake, their legal and illegal exploitation, the loopholes that exacerbate the situation, the scale and types of crimes committed, and the dynamics of the demand driving the trade.<br />In the international community, there is now growing recognition that the issue of the illegal wildlife trade has reached significant global proportions. Illegal wildlife trade and environmental crime involve a wide range of flora and fauna across all continents, estimated to be worth USD 70&ndash;213 billion annually. This compares to a global official development assistance envelope of about 135 billion USD per annum. The illegal trade in natural resources is depriving developing economies of billions of dollars in lost revenues and lost development opportunities, while benefiting a relatively small criminal fraternity.<br />This report focuses on the far-reaching consequences of the environmental crime phenomenon we face today. The situation has worsened to the extent that illegal trade in wildlife&rsquo;s impacts are now acknowledged to go well beyond strictly environmental impacts &ndash; by seriously undermining economies and livelihoods, good governance, and the rule of law Even the security and safety of countries and communities is affected: the report highlights how wildlife and forest crime, including charcoal, provides potentially significant threat finance to militias and terrorist groups. Already recognized as a grave issue in DRC and Somalia by the UN Security Council, the assessment reveals that the scale and role of wildlife and forest crime in threat finance calls for much wider policy attention, well beyond those regions.</p>

26 Sep 2014 16:32:39 GMT

Natural systems and climate change resilience in the Lower Mekong Basin: future directions for biodiversity, agriculture and livelihoods in a rapidly changing environment

<p>This report finds that despite the diversity of livelihoods and ecosystems In the Lower Mekong Basin, most sectors&rsquo; resilience to climate change is dependent on health natural ecosystems.</p><p>This report draws on climate change and natural systems work in the Mekong region to summarise findings and lessons for smallholder farms and landscape management. It highlights that Mekong farms and their surrounding areas are integrated systems in which all the habitats, species and their genetics interact with each other and the physical environment, and contribute to farm productivity. The report argues that farming ecosystems consist of human modified and natural environments which both provide services and products essential to farming livelihoods and subsistence. Understanding and carefully managing that relationship is essential to the sustainability of Mekong farms, to continued poverty reduction and to building adaptive capacity to climate change.</p>

17 Sep 2014 09:40:45 GMT

Payments for nature values: market and non-market instruments

<p>A central element in the international negotiations on resource mobilization under the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is to broaden the basis for financing the implementation of the convention. The issue of payments for nature values as resource mobilization is at the center of the controversy in these negotiations. The first Quito dialogue on biodiversity finance in 2012 clarified that international trading in biodiversity is more controversial than local and national markets in biodiversity values. Even though the Quito dialogue was not a platform for creating consensus, it was a common view, that a further study of the &ldquo;financialization of nature&rdquo; as a basis for making decisions on the use of market-based instruments for international financing of biodiversity was needed. The statement was reiterated at the second Quito dialogue in April 2014.</p>

17 Jun 2014 17:30:42 GMT

Evidence linking community level tenure and forest condition: An annotated bibliography

<p>This annotated bibliography provides evidence that community tenure over forests can result in more forest cover and more species-rich forests, less deforestation and degradation, and fewer fires than some other approaches to protecting forests. The authors initiated the review by identifying relevant scholarly articles published since 2002 based on interviews with experts and keyword searches of databases. Priority was given to review of articles that had been recommended by an expert, were empirical studies linking tenure to forest outcomes, expanded the geographic coverage, and/or were frequently cited. Particular attention was given to articles describing previous attempts to assess the evidence that enhanced community management rights are associated with better forest outcomes.</p>

16 Jun 2014 14:22:49 GMT

Lessons from implementing, adapting and sustaining community-based adaptive marine resource management

<p>This brief explores lessons from community experience of implementing management plans for community-based adaptive resource management in Solomon Islands. It focuses on the lessons learned from the different stages of: implementing, adapting and sustaining community-based adaptive marine resource management. Community-based marine resource management is recognised by the Government of Solomon Islands as the principle strategy for use in marine conservation and small-scale fisheries management. This strategy is particularly important in Solomon Islands due to the constitutionally recognized customary tenure systems that are in place in rural areas where the majority of the population resides.</p>

06 Jun 2014 14:44:36 GMT

Emerging insights into governance and sustainable management of Africa’s natural ecosystems

<p>The rapid economic growth in African countries must be reconciled with the maintenance of ecological processes and biodiversity. The importance of maintaining healthy ecosystems to support development objectives is increasingly acknowledged, and governments are beginning to implement and strengthen management and planning tools to achieve this objective. Shared international experiences reveal the successes of multi-stakeholder, multi-sectoral approaches for long-term&nbsp;<span style="line-height:1.6em">and integrated terrestrial, coastal and marine management. </span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">Best practices include the use of ecosystem-based management regimes for all ecosystems and their users, including mining,&nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">infrastructure development, ports, tourism, fisheries and conservation. Better ecosystem accounting is needed to make a compelling case for conservation and restoration, and enable the inclusion of ecosystems in economic frameworks for &nbsp;</span><span style="line-height:1.6em">planning and management. These instruments are essential to raise awareness of the importance of ecosystem services, and to map, monitor and value them appropriately.</span></p><p><span style="line-height:1.6em">This policy brief recommendations include:</span></p><ul><li><p>adopt a holistic and integrated ecosystem-based services approach to inform planning and management priorities, and integrate these services into mainstream economic planning and development policy</p></li><li><p>q<span style="line-height:1.6em">uantify the economic value of ecosystems and their services, and use this to entice investment into sustainable financing for conservation</span></p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><ul><li>utilise rigorous scientific data and spatial mapping to determine conservation priorities&nbsp;and formulate policies that regulate development interventions, promote layered and developed governance systems that perform national, multi-sectoral and co-ordinating&nbsp;functions, and incorporate local co-management systems with communities and resource users</li></ul><ul><li><p>strengthen legal and regulatory frameworks to protect vulnerable ecosystems, especially Environmental impact assessments (EIAs) in new extractive sectors</p></li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

06 Jun 2014 10:51:28 GMT

An Integrated Assessment of the Effects of Natural and Human Disturbances on a Wetland Ecosystem: A Retrospective from Phobjikha Conservation Area, Bhutan

<p>This report argues that, in the context of climate change, sustaining and restoring wetlands is considered a cost-effective strategy for climate adaptation that also brings co-benefits related to poverty reduction and biodiversity conservation. Its focus is the Phobjikha wetland, where it is argued there is a pressing need deepen understanding of its vulnerability to change, and the implications of these changes for surrounding land uses, ecosystem services, biodiversity, surrounding communities, and the Black-necked crane. Discussion revolves around biodiversity and ecosystems goods and services; drivers of change, community perception, and impact and local livelihoods which rely mainly on agriculture and animal husbandry.</p>

23 May 2014 15:19:21 GMT

Evaluation Cooperation. Rainforest Foundation Norway. Forum Kerjasama LSM Papua (FOKER). Papua and West Papua Provinces, Indonesia

<p>Background:<br />Rainforest Foundation Norway (RFN) started working with Forum Kerjasama LSM Papua (FOKER) in 2008, a network for CSOs in Papua and West Papua provinces with 118 member organizations. FOKER&rsquo;s mandate is to do advocacy related to development of Papua, and capacity building of the member organizations. The partnership was initiated by RFN supporting FOKER&rsquo;s campaign Save the People and Forests of Papua. The first part of the project focused on documenting and analyzing the conflicts related to forest management in the provinces, with the material that was developed to be used for lobby and campaigning in the following part of the project. This continued until 2012, and in 2013 a new long-term contract between RFN and FOKER was signed. The purpose of this project was to achieve laws and policies that would better protect, recognize and benefit the traditional communities of Papua and West Papua provinces.<br />This evaluation was the first external evaluation of FOKER&rsquo;s RFN supported projects. In addition to assessing the project in itself, the evaluation team also included an organizational review of FOKER.<br />Purpose/objective:<br />The evaluation had the following objectives:<br />&bull; To assess the relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability of the RFN supported FOKER&rsquo; project(s) in Papua and West Papua provinces.<br />&bull; To provide an overview of the strengths, weaknesses, challenges and gaps in design and implementation of the RFN supported project(s), and recommendations for how weaknesses can be addressed.<br />&bull; To provide an overview of strengths and weaknesses of FOKER&rsquo;s organizational structure and internal management, and recommendations for how challenges can be addressed.<br />The evaluation was expected to contribute to strengthening FOKER as an organization as well as their project implementation.<br />Methodology:<br />The methodology included a combination of review of FOKER project documents, field travel, key informant interviews, focus group discussions with FOKER staff and member organizations as well as interviews with other key stakeholders. The evaluation team spent about two and a half weeks in Indonesia.<br />Key findings:<br />The evaluation concluded that whereas the project was fairly relevant, it had produced limited impact, especially for the traditional communities of the two provinces. The evaluation attributed this to a number of reasons, among others a lack of coherence between the various project documents and a design of campaign activities which was not found to be effective. The evaluation identified a number of internal challenges in FOKER.</p>

21 May 2014 18:01:57 GMT

Pacific Integrated Island Management Principles, case studies and lessons learned

<p>Integrated Island Management (IIM), aims to respond to the unique circumstances of small island ecosystems through development of holistic integrated management systems that operate at the scale of ecological, social or physical processes within, and to, islands. This document results from efforts to identify guiding principles for IIM in the Pacific. A short description of commonly used terms for other environmental management approaches is provided. This is followed by a brief description of ten guiding principles for maximizing effectiveness of IIM projects. Fifteen case studies from the Pacific region are highlighted to illustrate application of these guiding principles. Identified lessons learned and over over-riding considerations and recommendations are given such as: ensuring sustainability of human and financial capacity for ecosystem management projects; incorporating considerations of future climate change scenarios into IIM planning; and planning simultaneously for environmental outcomes and public health benefits.</p>

14 May 2014 15:51:39 GMT

Population and poaching of African rhinos across African range states

<p>This report analyses rhino number data and poaching statistics in Africa, focusing particularly on Southern Africa. The paper underlines that private rhino ownership has contributed to the overall success of increasing rhino numbers in South Africa. However, increasing security costs, and risks to investments and declining economic incentives are leading to increasing numbers of white rhino owners selling and getting rid of their rhino.</p><p>On the other hand, the document indicates that data on the trend in poaching is available for Africa and for individual range-states, yet it could not be disaggregated for the white rhino and black rhino in the time available. However, in the main range state South Africa, it appears a disproportionately higher proportion of the commoner white rhino are being poached compared to black rhino. This is due to white rhino being easier to find in the more open habitats they favour, besides their more sociable nature.</p><p>Key points include:</p><ul><li>in absolute numbers, South Africa has had the highest increase in poaching rate in recent years</li><li>poaching continues to escalate in South Africa despite the number of arrests continuing to increase year on year</li><li>in relative terms, poaching has been higher in recent years in Malawi and especially Mozambique where any rhinos that move across the border from South Africa are likely to have a very limited lifespan</li><li>if these trends continue, current rates of rhino population growth in general and white rhino population growth in particular could be threatened</li></ul>

14 Apr 2014 20:53:45 GMT

Poverty, poaching and trafficking: what are the links?

<p>This paper looks into the links between poverty, poaching and trafficking, indicating that this subject has been under-researched and poorly understood.</p><p>The paper admits that there is little hard evidence to support the claim that poaching occurs because of poverty, yet the authors state they are confident the links are there.</p><p>The document points that it is difficult to collect clear and detailed data on poaching precisely because of its illicit nature, and its frequent linkage with conflict zones, which makes research even more challenging. Nevertheless, the paper draws the following key findings:</p><ul><li>poaching in Sub Saharan African was produced via the historical legacy of colonialism</li><li>poverty is directly and indirectly linked to poaching and trafficking of ivory and rhino horn from Sub-Saharan Africa</li><li>there are different types of poachers, and they require different policy responses</li><li>there are direct links between conflict zones, illegal killing of wildlife, trafficking and poverty</li></ul><p>The authors conclude that a much better understanding of the relationships between poverty and individual poacher motivation is needed. Furthermore, they highlight the main policy responses to this issue, such as changing people&rsquo;s behaviour via negative and positive incentives, the development of tourism as a route to poverty reduction, and the legalisation of the ivory and rhino horn trade at the international level.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

11 Apr 2014 10:46:55 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Analysis of the Impacts of Urban Land Use and Climate Change on Coastal Forest Ecosystem and Management (IULUCC - CFM)

<p>Coastal forests are among the hotspots of biodiversity and therefore critical for conservation in Tanzania. However, most of the previous climate change mitigation efforts in Tanzania focused on participatory forest management in rural areas and did not address the major driving force of deforestation and forest degradation from urban areas. Further, coastal forests have not been given adequate attention in climate research and on their resources linkages with urban and peri-urban environment.<br />This research is an attempt to address the problem of continued deforestation and forest degradation of coastal forests due to (i) lack of integrated urban and peri-urban land use plans and (ii) lack of adaptation measures to climate change impacts on livelihood activities of coastal communities.<br />Project Objectives:<br />The overall objective of the research project is to assess the impacts of urban land use and climate changes on coastal forests. Specific objectives are:<br />1. To assess the drivers and patterns of land use changes in coastal urban and peri-urban areas;<br />2. To analyze the impacts of climate change on coastal livelihoods and their implication on coastal forest degradation;<br />3. To assess the impacts of coastal urban and peri-urban expansion on coastal forest ecosystems;<br />4. To examine existing strategies in addressing coastal forest degradation;<br />5. To develop strategies for integrated coastal urban and peri-urban land use plans in support of climate change adaptation and coastal forest conservation.</p><p>- Output from the Norwegian funded Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation (CCIAM) Programme in Tanzania.</p>

28 Mar 2014 18:00:41 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Comparative study of incentive options for forest - based emissions reduction, biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement; Case of Kilwa and Lindi Districts

<p>The project entails a comparative study on incentive options for forest-based emissions reduction, biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement, comparing villages with REDD+/PFM (Participatory Forest Managment) and without REDD+/PFM and also comparing each set of villages over time. The project interrogates the adequacy of incentives offered by REDD+ pilot projects in winning effective participation of communities living adjacent to project forests. Broadly, analysis takes a before-and-after approach in which changes are analyzed at the end of the project due to incentives made available by REDD+ pilot projects to communities. This design enables the analysis of forest management practices such as REDD+ and PFM over time and space in achieving the multiple outcomes: improved forest management, reduced emissions, improved local forest governance and improved livelihood conditions of forest owners/users. The study hopes to contribute in the design and implementation of effective and equitable incentive options for REDD+ and non-REDD situations in Tanzania and elsewhere with similar situations.<br />The study hopes to contribute in the design and implementation of effective and equitable incentive options for REDD+ and non-REDD situations in Tanzania and elsewhere with similar situations.<br />- Output from the Norwegian funded Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation (CCIAM) Programme in Tanzania.</p>

26 Mar 2014 19:32:47 GMT

Fact sheet. Project: Climate Change, Non - Timber Forest Products and Livelihood of Forest Dependent Communities - Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation in Tanzania

<p>Over 20 million Tanzanians depend on Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) for their livelihood, but the extent to which NTFPs and community livelihoods are vulnerable to climate change is not well established. The coping strategies of these communities have not been fully documented either. Climate change threatens the livelihood security of millions of rural Tanzanian households that rely on natural resources and rain-fed subsistence farming . Women are especially affected, because their livelihoods are vulnerable to climate hazards that are expected to become more frequent. Deforestation is a major problem in Tanzania, and contributes to a loss of biodiversity and a decline in environmental benefits and services, including NTFPs for food and healthcare.<br />A majority of global efforts, including the Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) initiative, have focused on developing appropriate mitigation measures to reduce the intensity and rapidity of climate change impacts. However, the need to develop adaptation strategies to cope with climate impacts is increasingly recognized. Adaptation strategies that enhance the resilience of ecosystems, ensuring the continued provision of goods and services, can be particularly important for poor people who depend on natural resources for their livelihoods, and who tend to have low adaptive capacity and high vulnerability to climate change.<br />This project seeks to understand the ability of forest dependent communities to respond to climate change. The aim is to reduce livelihood threats and forest degradation through vulnerability and adaptation assessments within the NTFPs context. The project will contribute relevant information to policy makers, particularly in the current implementation of climate change mitigation and adaptation tactics through REDD initiatives in Tanzania. The expected outputs will contribute towards efforts to adapt to the impact of climate change, while ensuring sustainability of livelihoods and forest resources. -</p>

26 Mar 2014 19:03:05 GMT

Vulnerability assessment of important habitats for migratory species: Examples from Eastern Asia and Northern Australia.

<p>The impacts of Climate Change on biodiversity are already visible. Studies show clearly that changes in distribution and behaviour of a large number of species are the consequence of shifts in local or regional climate, weather patterns and resulting changes of vegetation and habitat quality. The work of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has also made us all aware that Climate Change is likely to be the main driver of biodiversity loss in future. The impacts of Climate Change cause additional pressures on ecosystems that are already stressed by overuse, degradation, fragmentation and loss of total area. In combination, these factors reduce not only ecosystem resilience, but also human options for coping with a changing environment</p><p>This publication is an aid in raising awareness by highlighting some case studies, assessing impacts and identifying possible solutions and mitigation measures. It will give decision makers and environmental experts an excellent overview of the links between Climate Change impacts and migratory species.</p><p>Originally Published In: UNEP; Conservation on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS); Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). Migratory species and climate change: Impacts of a changing environment on wild animals. Bonn, Germany: UNEP/ CMS Secretariat. pp.18-25</p>

22 Mar 2014 14:52:19 GMT

Governing Africa’s mangroves: a sustainable future

<p>Despite their widely recognised socioeconomic and ecological value, mangroves are among the world&rsquo;s most threatened vegetation types. This brief argues that safeguarding mangroves will require urgent interventions aimed at ensuring that their vital ecosystem services and non-market benefits are adequately incorporated in policy and development choices.</p><p>The author believes policy-makers and planners must realise that mangroves need to be restored, protected, and managed. This will require more effective management tools and interventions, as well as mechanisms for minimising the tensions between extractive development and the conservation of mangrove forests.</p><p>The paper recommends that:</p><ul><li>policymakers should make greater use of ecosystem valuations and ecological accounting in order to evaluate developmental alternatives, and, where appropriate, accelerate and scale up investments in the management and restoration of mangrove ecosystems</li><li>rapid economic growth should be reconciled with the maintenance of ecological processes and coastal biodiversity, and adequate tools should be used to convert potential conflicts into synergies</li><li>mangrove management should be integrated with a broader spatial framework of coastal zone management, and the value of mangrove ecosystem services should be quantified and incorporated into environmental impact assessments (EIAs) as well as resultant mitigation/compensation plans and calculations</li><li>communities should be included in decision-making about mangrove protection and restoration</li><li>national and transfrontier protected areas should be enlarged and expanded in order to help conserve biodiversity, and maintain ecosystem services, and guidelines for regulating specific conservation zones should be improved</li></ul>

07 Mar 2014 12:35:10 GMT

Creating a sustainable food future: A menu of solutions to sustainably feed more than 9 billion people by 2050

<p>With population growth and development creating ever-more demand for food (noted here as comprising two-thirds and one-third a function of the increase respectively), humanity faces a growing food gap between what will be needed in 2050, and what can sustainably be produced. In this context, this report presents the interim findings of the World Resources Report 2013-14: Creating a Sustainable Food Future; a multi-agency effort to analyse the food gap challenge and identify solutions.</p><p> The report begins by presenting the issue as a balancing act of three ‘great needs’: reduced consumption, increased production, and environmental protection, before discussing the composition of the challenge. The report outlines the scale of the problem: already, 800 million people periodically go hungry, yet according to the reports projections, the world faces a 69 per cent gap between crop calories produced in 2006, and those most likely required by 2050. Intertwined in this problem are development and poverty challenges associated with a majority poor global agricultural labour force; issues of land-use and risks to biodiversity; the challenge to sustainably increase crop production without expanding area; the significant disruption threatened by climate change; and overfishing. Combined, these issues present a serious challenge to closing the food gap in a balanced and sustainable way. In such a broad and interconnected systemic problem, a number of diverse solutions will be needed. To reduce consumption, the report suggests: tackling obesity; reducing the consumption of, and increasing the efficiency of, animal product use; reducing food waste; and assisting Africa in its efforts to reduce fertility rates. </p><p>The report notes a number of potential areas for increased food production, e.g. the breeding of better seeds, widespread adoption of water and soil management best practice, and the increasing of pasture and aquaculture productivity. It is recommended that wild fish catch be reduced, and then stabilised. Carbon sequestration strategies, the benefits of improving ruminants diets, the balancing of fertiliser use worldwide, and the need to reduce emissions from paddy rice are also presented, together with a particular mention of the competition from biofuels, whose energy benefits are far outweighed by the impact on human consumption levels.</p>

31 Jan 2014 13:08:54 GMT

Diversifying Food and Diets: Using agricultural biodiversity to improve nutrition and health

<p>This book addresses the biodiversity dimensions of the challenge of eradicating hunger and malnutrition and makes the case for re-examining food systems and diets. The book is also intended to be used as a tool and a guide to promote the use of biodiversity within food production systems, and to demonstrate that by providing local solutions for diversifying diets, nutritional status can be improved, effectively and sustainably. The first half of the book outlines some of the challenges, and identifies potential solutions and opportunities to conserve, measure, and utilize biodiversity for improved diets and nutrition security. The second half provides 12 case studies on the links between agricultural biodiversity and diets and nutrition. Sustainable diets are defined as those which are respectful of biodiversity and ecosystems; culturally acceptable, accessible, economically fair and affordable; nutritionally adequate, safe and healthy; while optimizing natural and human resources. The book is part of a larger series titled Issues in Agricultural Biodiversity.</p>

24 Jan 2014 11:50:30 GMT

Integrating biodiversity and ecosystem services in the post-2015 development agenda: Goal structure, target areas and means of implementation

<p>Published in the open access journal Sustainability, this paper examines the integration of biodiversity and ecosystem services (BES) into the post-2015 development agenda. Present discussions at the United Nations on defining a new set of development goals are focused on poverty alleviation and sustainable development, key components of BES. Poverty eradication is also one of the foundations of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity (SPB) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD); this paper responds to CBDs call for consideration of the SPB, and the related Aichi biodiversity targets, in any post-2015 agreement.</p><p> The introduction to the paper argues the importance of BES for human health, livelihoods, and well-being, and provides context on the relationship between BES, the Millennium Development Goals, the work already done by the CBD, and the need to integrate these goals. Following this, the authors expand upon how BES are crucial for human well-being by explaining how it underpins a plethora of sectors and human needs, e.g. food production, water, livelihoods, etc. Current proposals for goals and targets in the post-2015 agenda are then examined to see how BES are addressed, with three broad views identified for how to address environmental sustainability: integrated goals, goals addressing earth system functioning, and goals addressing environmental limits. All ten proposals examined included reference to biodiversity and/or ecosystem services, though only three specifically mentioned the Aichi targets. Next, a pathways analysis is used to identify ways to eradicate global hunger while avoiding further biodiversity loss. </p><p>Three pathways are identified with the capacity to reduce both biodiversity loss and climate change: large-scale technologically optimal solutions with a high level of international coordination; decentralised solutions, such as agriculture interwoven with natural corridors; and consumption change, most notably a reduction of meat consumption and reduction of agricultural waste (particularly in developed and developing nations respectively). Finally, the authors use a three-tier framework (human wellbeing, resource base, and global public goods) to identify target areas and means of implementation, with particular reference to the Aichi targets.</p>

15 Jan 2014 15:36:42 GMT

Aligning Biodiversity Compensation and REDD+: a primer on integrating private sector conservation financing schemes in the tropics and sub-tropics

<p>This paper presents a conceptual framework to begin integrating biodiversity compensation and REDD+ at project level. The additionality assessment from linking project-level conservation areas is covered at great length and the authors argue that this issue is resolvable, on a project-by-project basis through a joint additionality assessment. Coordinating stakeholders working on both fields to collaborate on harmonizing approaches is also shown to be an inevitable requirement of national and jurisdictional REDD+ frameworks, and policies. As project-level scenarios have already provided analogous guidance and best practices for the singular implementation of biodiversity compensation actions and REDD+, this paper argues that new pilot projects can take the first steps forward to linking these innovative approaches to private sector financed conservation in the tropics and sub-tropics.</p>

09 Jan 2014 12:50:19 GMT

Horizons of functional food production in Syria and its exportation to international markets: Russia as an example

<p>F.F is a category that comprises an extended spectrum of foods and beverages, ranging from natural foods that contain functional components like lycopene in tomato and Omega-3 fatty acids in seafood, to fortified foods like calcium-fortificated orange juice or cereal fortified with vitamins and minerals.</p><p>Functional food (F.F) can be an opportunity for economic growth for many developing countries, particularly those enjoying biodiversity and cumulative traditional knowledge about health effects of domestic plant species.</p><p>This working paper aims to review the scope of F.F production in Syria for the purpose of exporting it to foreign markets, in which the demand on F.F is increasing rapidly, focusing particularly on the Russian market as a case study, and plantago as an example plant. This choice is in harmony with the general direction of Syria&rsquo;s government (i.e. stepping easterly) on the one hand, and because the Russian market is a demanding market for F.F in light of the Russian consumers&rsquo; awareness of health foods.<br /><br />Whilst the Syrian Arab Republic has a rich biodiversity, which paves the way for developing the F.F sector in a remarkable way, there are several required conditions for the development of the sector, such as a sustainable management plane for exploiting these bio-resources, in order to avoid depletion, and deterioration of this environmental wealth.</p>

07 Jan 2014 12:49:13 GMT

Dirty cotton - a research on child labour, slavery, trafficking and exploitation in cotton and cotton seed farming in India

<p>The introduction of genetically modified or BT cotton in India has increased the demand for cheap labour.&nbsp; Recognising the need to understand and address the growing concern over the engagement of children in the cotton industry in India, this study examines the issue of child labour in four cotton and cotton seed growing states in &ndash; Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka and Maharashtra.<br /> <br /> The report highlights the following drivers behind prevalence of child labour in cotton industry:</p><ul> <li>BT technology is costly so farmers use cheap labour-children.</li> <li>difficulty in switching from BT technology due to changed soil chemistry and loans taken to meet costs perpetuate child labour</li> <li>BT cotton seed cultivation has relocated to impoverished areas to use cheap tribal labour and trafficked children from adjacent areas</li> <li>diminished regulation in seeds market has allowed companies to follow non-farmer friendly practices</li> <li>insufficient awareness about child labour law, right to education, etc among farmers, labourers and families of child labourers.&nbsp; Also, there is a myth that children's nimble fingers are ideal for cross pollination in BT cotton seed cultivation</li> <li>there is skewed supply and value chain of cotton, cotton seed and textiles</li></ul><p>To eliminate child labour and ensure that all children are able to get a fulfilled childhood enjoying the right to education and play, the following action is called for:</p><ul> <li>companies (seed, textile manufacturing, etc) should establish sustainable monitoring mechanisms to check child labour in their supply chains and ensure compliance with child rights</li> <li>national governments must ensure enactment of laws such as child labour laws, right to education, etc or to ensure their greater enforcement (when laws exist)</li> <li>civil society needs to create awareness for ethical consumerism and engage with different stakeholders (companies, governments, etc) to ensure their respective commitments and action for protection of child rights</li> <li>consumers need to demand information from companies about the use of child labour in their products before making their purchases and commit to using only child labour free products</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

02 Jan 2014 12:20:29 GMT

Building REDD+ for People and Nature: from lessons learned across Indonesia, Peru and the Democratic Republic of Congo to a new vision for REDD+

<p>This publication reports on WWF&rsquo;s forest and climate work between 2010 and 2013 which sought to develop models for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) that secure scalable forest ecosystem management while engaging those communities that live in and depend on forests in way improve their livelihoods. The report concludes that although valuable, REDD+ is not an end in itself but one tool to conserve biodiversity, reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change and although critical cannot exist in isolation.</p>

05 Dec 2013 16:43:52 GMT

Supplementing REDD+ with Biodiversity Payments: The Paradox of Paying for Multiple Ecosystem Services

<p>REDD+ is an emerging international climate policy mechanism which is being designed to deliver climate change mitigation benefits from tropical forests. REDD+ would make carbon payments to developing countries that reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation below internationally agreed reference levels. Developing countries would be responsible for designing their own policies to achieve these emission reductions.</p><p>This paper concludes that it may be possible to shift a portion of REDD+ funding away from carbon payments and towards biodiversity payments and obtain both more biodiversity benefits and more climate benefits.</p>

22 Nov 2013 10:12:39 GMT

WWF Mara River Basin Management Initiative, Kenya and Tanzania. Phase III - final evaluation report

<p>The scarce water resources of the transboundary Mara River Basin (13,750 km2), in Kenya and Tanzania are essential to more than one million people, multiple water uses and the world-famous Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem and its economically very important tourism industry. These water resources are under threat due to increasing competition for water, pollution, environmental degradation and climate change. Improved management of the water resources is essential. Tanzania and Kenya have undergone water sector reforms and changed policy, legislation and institutions in order to implement the new approach of integrated water resource management (IWRM). WWF and partners implemented the Mara River Basin Management Initiative (MRBMI) to pilot the water sector reforms&rsquo; IWRM approach and to address threats and opportunities to the water resources.<br />The main purpose of the evaluation was to provide WWF and stakeholders with an independent assessment of the project achievements and to guide WWF in the design of similar future projects. The evaluation focussed on phase III of the MRBMI.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

04 Nov 2013 18:52:37 GMT

Pastoralists and wildlife conservation in western China: collaborative management within protected areas on the Tibetan Plateau

<p>Background Pastoralists have long inhabited vast areas of western China, including the Tibetan Plateau region. Their traditional land use practices and cultural conservation ethic have helped to protect the natural resource base upon which they depend and the wildlife that co-exist with them in the grassland landscapes. However, in a rapidly changing socio-economic environment, including significant expansion of the protected area system and regional comprehensive development plans, local communities do not always have an evident voice in the conservation and development dialogues that closely affect their lives.</p><p>With introduction and development of collaborative management - that is, a partnership between local communities, nature reserve authorities and other stakeholders - a landscape-level approach to conservation is now being modelled in Qinghai Province. Central to effective co-management are bi-directional relationships. There are also a wealth of direct and indirect services that may be provided by pastoralists under co-management, and in the compensation and payment options available to them in return for their critical services.</p><p>As this paper concludes, the contributions of pastoralists to wildlife conservation efforts are significant, but up to now insufficiently recognised. New insights regarding the relationship between pastoralists and wildlife conservation - including the potential role of community ecotourism, the development of local herders&#39; cooperatives and of trust funds, and the need for greater clarity in local regulatory frameworks - are provided herein, with presentation of specific experiences and lessons learned from a project piloted in the headwaters of the Yangtze River over the past decade. A fuller, richer model of co-management is recommended.</p>

30 Aug 2013 13:30:36 GMT

Indigenous women's preferences for climate change adaptation and aquaculture development to build capacity in the Northern Territory

<p>Research was carried out on South Goulburn Island, Northern Territory, to improve understandings of local, Indigenous people&rsquo;s dependency on marine resources, and of their perspectives on climate change, and aquaculture as a means towards adapting to climate change. Workshops and interviews were carried out mostly with women, but also some men with an emphasis on the use of participatory and visual techniques to encourage discussion of the future.</p><p>The research indicated that aquaculture could provide a diversified livelihood option, if carefully introduced and aligned with cultural values and preferred aspirations for the future. Success in combining aquaculture development with adaptation to climate change would depend on external stakeholders being very aware of local indigenous conceptions of the interconnections between environment and culture, and differences in worldview around the future, climate change and enterprise development. Such a (combined) process will also need attention paid to developing trust and communication, genuine support and engagement and indigenous involvement in decisionmaking.</p>

27 Aug 2013 01:56:06 GMT

Diagnostic assessment of select environmental challenges valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services in India

<p>This paper reports on a wide range of research that estimates the value of ecosystem services (ESS) in India, including those related to forests, grasslands, wetlands, mangroves, and coral reefs. Estimates for forest services are based on an extensive Indian Green Accounting study, from which the values of timber and non-timber (fodder, water recharge, prevention of soil erosion, etc.) have been taken. There is an added non-use value of forests as well as an update of the value for forest sequestration based on the latest estimates of trends in forest management.&nbsp;</p><p>The total value of services from these ecosystems is estimated Rs.1.4 trillion (US$29 billion) in 2009 as a central estimate. This amounts to about 3.0 percent of the country&rsquo;s GDP in that year. Of the total value, wetlands are the largest at 48 percent. Of the other services, coral reefs and forests each account for 22 percent; followed by grasslands at 7 percent, and mangroves at 2 percent.</p>

27 Aug 2013 00:22:42 GMT

The climate and development challenge for Latin America and the Caribbean: options for climate-resilient, low-carbon development

This comprehensive report by the Inter-American Development Bank seeks to assess the physical and economic impacts of climate change in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), as well as adaptation options available. Additionally, the report examines how, and at what cost, the region can reduce its carbon footprint to a level consistent with global stabilisation goals. Chapter one looks at the various climate impacts that are likely to occur, including: warming, changing rainfall patterns and a reduction in soil-moisture impacting agriculture; coastal and marine zones affected by rising sea-levels; increasing intensity and frequency of extreme weather; spread of vector diseases and other health-related impacts; changes in hydrology; and potential rainforest dieback. Chapter two provides a current emissions and trends profile for key sectors, projections of a ‘business as usual’ scenario, and the financial costs of intervention. Finally, development cobenefits from adaptation and mitigation are discussed, with numerous examples provided and broken down by sector. Among the extensive research and analysis, some key conclusions and recommendations emerge: (1) The physical and natural damage to LAC associated with a now almost certain 2°C rise in temperatures are expected to be substantial. Key impacts will be felt in a partial collapse of the Caribbean coral biome, the disappearance of glaciers under 5000m, and a degree of savannisation in the Amazon basin. (2) Economic impacts in LAC will be significant, conservatively estimated to be $100b annually by 2050. Rapid adaptation efforts could significantly mitigate future economic costs, though not all losses in natural capital. (3) Global mitigation actions are essential to prevent greater damage, since LAC itself seems to have decoupled economic growth from that of carbon emissions (11 per cent down from 2000 levels). (4) Despite this, a ‘business as usual’ trajectory would lead to annual emissions five-times the level required as part of global climate stabilisation goals by 2050. This means significant mitigation efforts are needed across all sectors. (5) Adaptation and mitigation generate significant development cobenefits, though these are not sufficiently understood to guarantee to removals of barriers to action.

13 Aug 2013 09:10:13 GMT

Forests and trees for social adaptation to climate variability and change

Ecosystems provide crucial services to help people adapt to climate change. In conducting a review of the scientific literature, this paper shows how ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation can reduce social vulnerability to climate hazards, and highlights knowledge gaps and trade-offs that require more research. <br /><br />The paper examines the impact of climate variation or change, the social vulnerability, and the ecosystem services of the following five different uses of forests and trees.<br /><ul> <li>Forests and trees providing goods for local communities &ndash; Besides providing timber, they can act as a safety net by providing charcoal, firewood, food and a source of income diversification. Exclusion from forest and mangrove resources has been shown to increase vulnerability, disproportionately affecting the poor. </li> <li>Use of trees in agriculture to regulate water, soil and microclimate &ndash; Agroforestry is known to increase soil porosity, reduce runoff and increase soil cover, while nitrogen-fixing trees increase agricultural drought-resilience. </li> <li>Regulating water and protecting soil with forested watersheds &ndash; Water infiltration, rainfall interception and groundwater recharge are all influenced by forests, contributing to the regulation of base and peak flows. They also stabilise soil and reduce erosion, though their ability to mitigate extreme events is still debated. </li> <li>Forests as coastal protection from climate-related threats &ndash; Mangroves can protect coastal areas from storms, floods and erosion through the absorption and dissipation of wave energy. This is evident in post-disaster studies, local knowledge and correlation models between mangrove cover and storm impacts; however, quantification remains difficult. </li> <li>Regulating water and temperature with urban forests and trees &ndash; Shade, evaporative cooling, and rainwater interception are a few of the benefits of urban forests and trees. It has been estimated that adding ten per cent of green cover to city centres could reduce surface temperature by up to 2.2 degrees Celsius. </li></ul>The paper concludes by expressing the need for a greater understanding of the efficiency, costs and benefits, and trade-offs of ecosystem-based approaches with forests and trees. To aid in this, the abundant literature on ecosystem services should be revisited with a climate change related lens.

10 May 2013 08:02:21 GMT

Understanding relationships between biodiversity, carbon, forests and people: the key to achieving REDD+ objectives. A global assessment report

This report seeks to better understand the relationships between biodiversity, carbon, forests and people, so as to support the achievement of REDD+ objectives. It summarises the latest scientific literature to make sense of the complex web of relationships, how they may be affected by the implementation of REDD+ management activities, and the potential trade-offs and synergies between and among environmental and socioeconomic objectives.<br /><br />The introduction provides a summary of the issue, presenting contextual data to illustrate the importance of, and challenges faced by, forest ecosystems. It also discusses REDD+ and its aims of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, as well as conserving, managing and increasing forests as carbon stocks. <br /><br />The report is split into four chapters. The first chapter explores the relationships and impacts of deforestation and forest degradation on biodiversity, carbon and other ecosystem services. Covering a range of forest types, it gives a broad overview of biodiversity and carbon relationships in potential REDD+ programme regions. <br /><br />Impacts of forest and land management on biodiversity and carbon are the focus of the second chapter, which explores management and action approaches, identifying areas for improving agricultural practice, measures to reduce the impact of various extractive industries, and indicators for the effective monitoring of carbon and biodiversity.<br /><br />Social and economic considerations relevant to REDD+ are covered by the third chapter, including the social and economic context of governance and its consequences. This chapter concludes that REDD+ activities can greatly benefit poor people (particularly through participatory practices) and generate significant financial flows.<br /><br />The fourth chapter examines existing and future options for governance of REDD+, forest management and biodiversity. It explores options to synergise climate, forest management and biodiversity at both the national and international scale, including information on data collection, planning, policies and finance. The report concludes that governance is likely to remain pluralistic; rather than impose a singular solution, this complexity should be embraced.

21 Jan 2013 16:14:01 GMT

Turn down the heat: why a 4°C warmer world must be avoided

This report, produced for the World Bank by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Climate Analytics, attempts to describe what climate change impacts are likely to be felt in a &lsquo;4&deg;C world', i.e. a world where global average temperatures have risen four degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. In doing so, it hopes to motivate actors and insert urgency into climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts.<br /><br />The report first discusses presently observed climate changes and impacts, with extensive data and analysis provided across numerous areas. These include the following.<br /><ul> <li>Rising greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions: from a pre-industrial concentration of around 278 parts per million (ppm), the levels of carbon dioxide, as of September 2012, have reached 391ppm (increasing at a rate of 1.9ppm per year).</li> <li>Warming and rising sea levels: coral reefs are at particular risk and increased acidification is also an issue of concern.</li> <li>Loss of ice: summer ice in the Arctic has halved in the last few decades.</li> <li>Extreme weather and climate: increased severity and frequency of droughts and storms, and greater temperature extremes.</li> <li>Welfare impacts: it is estimated that just a degree Celsius rise in temperature could reduce economic growth by around 1.3 per cent.</li></ul><br />The paper then goes on to describe likely projections for the 21st century should a &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; become reality. Particular focus is placed on sea level rise, changes in extreme temperatures and sectoral impacts (agriculture, water, ecosystems/biodiversity and human health). These impacts are largely determined through an assumed linear growth. However, the final section of the paper warns of non-linear accelerating effects and impacts should certain 'tipping-points' be breached (either by introducing 'feedback' or else triggering 'cascades' of interlinked effects). <br /><br />The concluding remarks stress the importance of cooperative, international actions to avoiding an unacceptable four degrees Celsius rise in global temperature. A &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; would disproportionately impact less developed countries which are least equipped to deal with climate change. As well as the direct impacts on food security and loss and damage, a &lsquo;4&deg;C world&rsquo; would likely greatly impact efforts to eradicate poverty.

12 Dec 2012 09:01:19 GMT

Mainstreaming community-based conservation in a transboundary mountain landscape: lessons from Kangchenjunga

This paper draws recommendations for transboundary and participatory biodiversity conservation from the Kangchenjunga Conservation Landscape Initiative. This 'biodiversity hotspot' - shared by Bhutan, India and Nepal - is one of seven transboundary landscapes indentified by the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) for regional cooperation development. <br /><br />Until the mid-1990s, conservation efforts in Kangchenjunga were primarily focused on the creation of Protected Areas (PAs), resulting in a collection of 'conservation islands' with different management regimes surrounded by a landscape in which biodiversity continued to decline. Since then, concepts of best practice in sustainable biodiversity management have transitioned from protectionist to a participatory ecosystem approach. This has led ICIMOD to develop conservation corridors in order to link the PAs and to assist countries in managing this transboundary landscape in a sustainable way.<br /><br />The influence of national policy in people-centred conservation in the area is discussed by country. Nepal has progressed significantly from strict protectionist strategies in the 1960's to initiate a number of new and amended legislative actions to recognise community rights, introduce buffer zone regulations to address needs and conflicts with locals, and further participatory forest conservation. Despite many progressive efforts, there have been mixed results in India with regard to implementation. Bhutan has empowered forest user groups in a representative system of conservation management covering 49 per cent of the country's geographical area.<br /><br />The paper concludes with five recommendations for Bhutan, India and Nepal:<br /><ul> <li>include community conserved areas within PAs, embracing the needs and role of local people in conservation;</li> <li>introduce legislation that grants rights regarding natural resources and participation in biodiversity management to community-based institutions, the poor and the socially marginalised;</li> <li>develop institutions and management programmes to identify and establish corridors between PAs;</li> <li>empower community-based institutions to fully participate in natural resource management;</li> <li>adopt a formal framework to address transboundary issues in the Kangchenjunga region.</li></ul>

22 Nov 2012 09:00:59 GMT

Prospects and Constraints of Madhupur National Park Management

The study was conducted in Madhupur National Park (MNP), which is very well known for its characteristics as deciduous forest. This study examined the constraints of park management, causes of deforestation and prospects of Madhupur Sal forests of Bangladesh. Data were collected from the Madhupur National Park authority and a study was done to have clear scenario of the park management and status of forest over time. It is evident from the study that due to various factors like anthropogenic disturbances, political abusement, absence of proper rules and regulations, willingless of the authority, encroachment of forest by locals/local leaders, illegal cutting of Sal trees, agro-forestry, and lack of adequate budget are main constraints for managing MNP. The study also revealed that about 1-3% of the forest is depleted each year, and about 50-80 years later, the forest will be completely vanished or scattered in somewhere.

31 Oct 2012 09:01:00 GMT

International regime on access and benefit sharing: negotiation dynamics and South Asian issues

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was instituted as the international regime that would serve as the basis to negotiate issues of access and benefit sharing (ABS) related to genetic resources. In this context, the current paper discusses the negotiation dynamics of the international regime on ABS, and issues for South Asian countries.<br /><br />The paper states that after about two decades of the institution of the CBD, the issue of ABS is still fraught with significant problems, mainly because of the lack of enforceability of the Convention due to its legally non-binding nature. In this respect, although all the countries in South Asia have signed and ratified the CBD, only two countries in the region have put in place related national legislation.<br /><br />On the negotiations front, the author demonstrates that:<br /><ul> <li>despite the fact that most issues remain unresolved and controversial, the implications of realising the agenda put forth in 2008 would be manifold and greatly help countries strengthen measures on ABS </li> <li>on the other hand, the developing world should bear in mind that negotiations should not be rushed into, for it is extremely important to arrive at balanced and carefully thought-out solutions as envisaged in the ABS regime&rsquo;s operational text</li></ul><br />Concerning South Asia, the document indicates that:<br /><ul> <li>the legal environment in the region lacks not only regulatory measures, but also implementation of measures that already exist</li> <li>therefore, South Asian countries should strive to strengthen their legal, regulatory and administrative frameworks on the ABS regime</li></ul><br />The paper concludes that South Asia requires an exhaustive international ABS regime to address the issues of access to biological and/or genetic resources and traditional knowledge, and stop biopiracy.

12 Sep 2012 21:34:15 GMT

Global environmental outlook 5: environment for the future we want

The fifth Global Environment Outlook (GEO-5) analyses the state, trends, outlook and responses to environmental change. It assesses progress towards meeting internationally agreed goals and identifies gaps in their achievement.<br /><br />The outlook examines the drivers of environmental change and the overarching socio-economic forces that exert pressure on the environment. Drivers such as population dynamics, economic demand, and unsustainable consumption and production patterns are processes that affect the environment and result, directly or indirectly, in increased emissions and destructive resource extraction. The report notes that, as pressures on the Earth System accelerate, several critical global, regional and local thresholds are close or have been exceeded. This can lead to abrupt and possibly irreversible changes to the Earth's life support functions with significant adverse implications for human wellbeing. <br /><br />According to the report, lack of reliable and consistent time series data on the state of the environment is a major barrier to increasing the effectiveness of policies and programmes. Moreover, despite evidence of continuing deterioration, many important drivers of environmental change, or their impacts, are not systematically monitored.<br /><br />The report makes the following recommendations for countries:<br /><ul> <li>monitor and assess the environment and integrate social, economic and environmental information into decision-making processes</li> <li>standardise approaches and build capacity for data collection</li> <li>invest in enhanced capacities and mechanisms at local, national and international levels to achieve sustainability</li> <li>strengthen global institutions to fulfil human needs while avoiding environmental degradation</li> <li>standardise approaches that address the underlying drivers of anthropogenic pressures on the Earth System, especially population growth and overconsumption.<br /></li></ul>

15 Jun 2012 09:49:30 GMT

Reefs at Risk Revisted

Like the original Reefs at Risk, this study evaluates threats to coral reefs from a wide range of human activities. It also includes an assessment of climate-related threats to reefs. In addition, Reefs at Risk Revisited includes a global assessment of the vulnerability of nations and territories to coral reef degradation, based on their dependence on coral reefs and their capacity to adapt.

23 Mar 2012 09:05:49 GMT

Resuscitating the Sundarbans: customary use of biodiversity & traditional culture practices in Bangladesh

The study is participatory work of different research wings, local communities of Sundarban. It explores the crisis already has created in mantaining biodiversity in sundarban due mismanagement and over exploitation of the resources there. If such kind of measures continues it will break up the ecological balance and call on unfortubnate natural disastrous , already bangladesh is facing. so the paper invastigates the secnario and find out some possible solutions for the drastic situation continuing in the sundarban,the only largest mangrove forest of the world.It is urgent to save Sundarban to maintain the harmony of nature , otherwise Bangladesh will face more havoc than present in future

20 Mar 2012 09:05:00 GMT

Integrating protected areas into climate planning

Though protected areas have increased considerably over the last 130 years, there are several troubling trends, including national and regional disparities, ecological gaps, a decline in the growth of new protected areas, and problems with ineffective management. However, society increasingly expects protected areas to provide an expanded array of benefits, including climate mitigation, resilience and adaptation. This paper discusses the integration of protected areas into climate planning.<br /><br />The article argues that despite the overall growth in protected area coverage, the reality is that:<br /><ul> <li>there are great disparities in the world&rsquo;s protected area estate</li> <li>the rapid growth of protected areas is not uniform across countries reflecing several underlying factors</li> <li>whereas growth of marine protected areas has been impressive, much of this gain can be attributed to a relatively small number of very large marine reserves</li> <li>there has been a marked decline in the rate of growth for terrestrial protected areas in the last decade</li> <li>legal designation of an area as protected does not always ensure effective management.<br /></li></ul>The paper poses the following questions for policy makers in relation to the maximisation of climate change resilience, adaptation and mitigation.<br /><ul> <li>Where should new protected areas be located?</li> <li>How should protected areas be managed?</li> <li>What factors and policies are necessary? <br /></li></ul>The article suggests the following policy direction:<br /><ul> <li>a robust and compatible policy environment is essential for an effective protected area system</li> <li>planners should assess the economic value of protected areas in relation to climate change</li> <li>protected area policy makers should explicitly link protected areas into national climate change planning</li> <li>planners should take advantage of climate funding to improve the enabling environment by advocating for restoring degraded key protected areas</li> <li>planners should incorporate climate change into ecological gap assessments and consider climate-related design features in the layout of new protected areas</li> <li>planners can better integrate protected area planning into sectoral planning such as transportation, energy and invasive species; assess and communicate the full economic value of protected areas in addressing climate-related issues and ensure that protected areas are an integral part of climate adaptation planning. <br /></li></ul>The paper concludes that although there are potential tradeoffs between managing protected areas for biodiversity and for climate, the overwhelming social, economic and ecological benefits of protected areas make them a natural and cost-effective investment.

28 Feb 2012 01:38:52 GMT

Geographical indications, in situ conservation and traditional knowledge

<p>Geographical indications (GIs) have been a neglected area in the various fora addressing biodiversity and intellectual property. This policy brief focuses on basic GI concepts and the overall conclusion of the overview of over 30 GI cases. <br /></p><p>The document demonstrates the following observations:</p><ul> <li>GI development may promote biodiversity conservation directly through the use of a specific genetic resource, or indirectly through management practices that include ecosystem considerations</li> <li>current trends in multilateral and national GI protection systems show that the issue is moving in practice, and indicate that developing countries are active in GI development</li> <li>value chain differentiation is a very important concept in terms of GIs and has important policy implications <br /></li></ul><p>The paper concludes that indications of source, basic labelling of generics and the possibility of registering GIs according to the specific value chain should be considered within GI implementation strategies. In addition, promoting innovative approaches to marketing with a geographical identity is required as well. <br /></p><p>Final general recommendations are that:</p><ul> <li>GI protection systems should focus on the creation of an enabling institutional environment to prevent the false use of GIs</li> <li>GI registration systems should be precise and flexible and also consider the legal framework for the development of governing bodies</li> <li>the governance features of GIs should contribute to the respectful and creative use of traditional knowledge and practices</li> <li>regarding hunger and poverty alleviation goals, it is important to avoid economic exclusion processes at the local and regional level as a consequence of developing only high-end valuable markets</li> <li>in terms of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) agenda, the neglect of GIs within current conversations should end, and there should be deep discussions on GIs contributions to rural conservation <br /></li></ul>

27 Feb 2012 21:44:42 GMT

Bridging the gap on intellectual property and genetic resources in WIPO’s Intergovernmental Committee (IGC)

<p>The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) committee on intellectual property and genetic resources (IGC) was created in 2000. This report argues that the IGC has an historic opportunity to contribute towards providing meaningful responses to concerns relating to biodiversity and intellectual property (IP). <br /></p><p>In this regard, the study emphasises that:</p><ul> <li>the relationship of genetic resources and traditional knowledge to intellectual property protection is a controversial issue</li> <li>one important challenge it raises stems from the fact that discussions have taken place simultaneously in a number of international forums that have different mandates</li> <li>the IGC has generated significant research and resulted in some technical measures, yet it has to deliver with respect to international norm setting</li> <li>in 2009, an important step was taken when the WIPO instructed the IGC to accelerate its work towards developing protective international instruments <br /></li></ul><p>The document figures that while a binding instrument is favourable, soft law solutions should not be ruled out provided they address concerns effectively. Furthermore, it points out these recommendations:</p><ul> <li>the Nagoya Protocol&rsquo;s new access and benefit-sharing standards should be supported in the IP system and addressed in ongoing negotiations in the IGC, the TRIPS Council, and FTAs</li> <li>a set of operational provisions should be added to the current IGC draft of objectives and principles in order to advance the process and facilitate their implementation</li> <li>the substance of the recent proposal by the IGC&rsquo;s Group of Like Minded Countries (GLMC) could provide a suitable basis for negotiations in the IGC</li> <li>the introduction of Biodiversity-related Disclosure Requirements (BRDRs) at the multilateral level should be complemented by other policy developments</li> <li>additional research on practical national experiences of BRDRs is urgently needed, which could be undertaken by IGC members directly or requested of the WIPO secretariat <br /></li></ul>

25 Feb 2012 21:42:22 GMT

Sundarbans: future imperfect climate adaptation report

The eco-region of Sundarbans is unique and fragile because it is one of the most extensive mangrove forests in the world. This report describes the Sundarbans region and the impacts of climate change using evidence from the people who live there, scientific data, and efforts to address the problems of the imminent threats and vulnerabilities to this fragile ecosystem.<br /><br />The report highlights the following recurrent themes from the voices of inhabitants of the Sundarbans.<br /><ul> <li>Rising sea level: most of the islands in the Sundarbans are low lying, meaning that as the sea level rises, land is lost to the sea. This puts further pressure on agriculture production, yet the salinity of the water destroys the productivity of the soil. <br /></li> <li>Unpredictable rainfall patterns: changing rainfall patterns are making conventional cultivation of crops difficult for farmers.</li> <li>Impact on fisheries: there are fewer fish because the increased salinity of water has caused them to migrate. <br /></li> <li>Frequency and intensity of storms has increased causing further vulnerability.</li></ul>The publication uses data regarding the Sundarbans over eighteen years to verify the climate witness accounts scientifically as follows.<br /><ul> <li>Environmental factors affecting farming: the contributing factors to decreasing rainfall and extreme weather can be scientifically measured using the ambient temperature change over land, as well as change in rainfall pattern and forest cover.</li> <li>Environmental factors affecting fishing: the studies show a steady decline in the catch per unit effort of fish and confirm that increasing salinity in the estuarine water is leading to a depletion of freshwater fish species.</li> <li>Sea level change and coastal erosion: the study concluded that the relative mean sea level in Sagar and adjoining areas of the Bay of Bengal was rising at 3.14mm per year, compared to a global estimate of between 0.5 and 3mm per year.</li> <li>Change in high intensity events: both studies concluded that although storms and cyclones were rarer, they tended to do more damage when they occurred. <br /></li></ul>The report concludes that the observations made by the inhabitants of the Sundarbans are mostly grounded in scientific fact.

20 Feb 2012 17:53:34 GMT

Wildlife-human interactions: from conflict to coexistence in sustainable landscapes. A cooperative research project between India and Norway

<p>Reports on a project which sought to understand the dynamics of wildlife human interactions in India and Norway (in a sample of multiuse landscapes) and to develop mechanisms of coexistence suitable to the countries. The project focussed on species that regularly come into conflict with humans, but which reflect <br />the diversity of forms these conflicts can take. </p><p>The report makes&nbsp;numerous recommendations&nbsp;for further research and addresses a number of policy implications arising from the study. These address wildlife management policy at both state and national level and some consideration is also given to the implications for Convention on Biological Diversity. The authors challenge stakeholders and decision makers&nbsp;to assess and implement actions to achieve a better coexistence between humans and wildlife based on the report's findings.</p>

26 Sep 2011 16:57:09 GMT

High mountain glaciers and climate change: challenges to human livelihoods and adaptation

<p>Climate change is causing significant mass loss of glaciers in high mountains worldwide. This report calls for accelerating research, monitoring and modeling of glaciers, snow and their role in water supplies. <br /></p><p>Although glacier systems are inherently complex overall trends indicate that&nbsp;globally glaciers are receding.&nbsp;This is likely to accelerate in the coming decades. Impacts of the shrinkage of mountain glaciers include changes in the flow characteristics of glacier-fed rivers, glacier lake outburst floods&nbsp;and changing flood severity and frequency. This will most likely increase human vulnerability in concerned areas, and&nbsp;have major impacts on food security. <br /></p><p>Recommendations of this report are as follows:&nbsp;</p><ul> <li>strengthen glacial research and trans-national collaboration with emphasis on mass calculation and the effects of glacial recession on biodiversity and&nbsp;water resources&nbsp;availability downstream</li> <li>improve modeling of precipitation patterns and effects on water availability in mountain regions, particularly in Asia and Latin America&nbsp;</li> <li>prioritise support to and development of adaptation to water-related disasters</li> <li>prioritise programmes and support to development and implementation of adaptation strategies for too much and too little water including strengthening the role of women</li> <li>urgently support the implementation and improvement of both small and large-scale water capture and storage systems</li> <li>improve efficiency of current irrigation systems through the use of green technology and agricultural knowledge <br /><br /></li></ul>

26 Aug 2011 08:11:25 GMT

Agriculture biodiversity and food security: two sides of a coin

This research paper explains the relationship between food production and agricultural biodiversity, and analyses the impact of indiscriminate loss of agricultural biodiversity on food security.<br /><br />Bangladesh has been suffering from food shortage for its 150 million people, though it has favourable climatic conditions to produce highly productive native crop varieties. The study condemns two major reasons for this food crisis in agrarian Bangladesh - the lack of proper use of agriculture biodiversity, and the practice of modern agriculture systems that are based on hybrid seeds, chemical fertilisers, and pesticides without paying much attention to the native varieties.<br /><br />The paper also blames the callousness of incumbent political regimes and obsolete agricultural tradition as the obstacles to achieve food sufficiency. Political decisions regulate the agro-sector in Bangladesh. After independence, most of the governments took attempts to gain self-sufficiency in food production. However, their short-sighted planning or narrow political interests hastened the loss of biodiversity. As one of the signatories to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Bangladesh is committed to conserving its biological diversity. Regrettably, no special attention has so far been given in the budgetary allocation to conserve and use its unique agricultural biodiversity.<br /><br /><br />In conclusion the paper recommends some policies to maintain smooth food production and ensure food security. Replacing current mechanized agricultural production systems with sustainable production methods such as mixed farming systems and organic agriculture are highly encouraged for this purpose.

25 Aug 2011 12:29:04 GMT

Display Next Eldis Biodiversity [eldis.org]

Global Forum on Environment: New Perspectives on the Water-Energy-Food-Nexus

To be held on 27-28 November 2014, the forum will focus on four areas that can contribute to more integrated policy making. Topics for discussion will include the need to understand long-term impacts of the nexus on growth; ways to improve coherence between national, regional and local planning and priorities; the importance of promoting private sector investment in the nexus; and.... The draft agenda is now available.

Thu, 27 Nov 2014 13:29:00 GMT

Making obsolescence obsolete: design to reduce waste - Insights blog

Let’s be honest, waste reduction doesn’t have much of a ring to it. To many, it’s a complex policy issue without much hope if consumers keep throwing their cans away in the street.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 12:54:00 GMT

Partnerships for water security by Simon Upton

What’s water security worth, and how much are we willing to pay for it given competing demands and constrained public budgets? asks Simon Upton, Environment Director at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:33:00 GMT

Inducing Private Finance for Renewable Energy Projects: Evidence from Micro-Data

This paper analyses the effects of government policies on flows of private finance for investment in renewable energy. It also examines whether direct provision of public finance for a project increases the volume of private finance raised. The analysis covers 87 countries, six renewable energy sectors (wind, solar, biomass, small hydropower, marine and geothermal).

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Behold the power of fungus... and biodiversity offsets - Insights blog

When you think of biodiversity conservation, you probably think of the classic images: the polar bear, the lion, the elephant, the giraffe. The ecological community likes to call them charismatic megafauna, with only a hint of satire.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 09:32:00 GMT

The Role of National Ecosystem Assessments in Influencing Policy Making

An ecosystem assessment is a social process through which the findings of science concerning the causes of ecosystem change, their consequences for human well-bring, and the management and policy options are evaluated. The main objective of the paper is to draw insights from experience in the UK, Japan, Spain and Portugal of theadded value to policy making of undertaking national level ecosystem assessments.

Fri, 10 Oct 2014 11:04:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Joint OECD-NBER Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run

Despite large and growing investments in knowledge and innovation, productivity growth in many countries has slowed in recent years. At the same time, the urgent need for more rapid innovation (including its uptake and diffusion) in several key areas, such as in environment. This joint OECD-NBER workshop on 25-26 September 2014 will bring together academic experts to consider these challenges.

Thu, 25 Sep 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

OECD participation in the UN Climate Summit

The UN Climate Summit took place on 23 September 2014 at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. The OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, chaired the session on "The Economic Case for Climate Action," where global leaders discussed The New Climate Economy Report: Better Growth, Better Climate, by the Global Commission on the Economy and Climate.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 12:34:00 GMT

The climate is changing, so should we - Insights Blog

The OECD Environment Directorate has produced two videos to explain key climate issues as the UN Climate Summit opens today at UN headquarters in New York.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 10:54:00 GMT

There’s no bailout option for climate - Insights Blog

Saving the Earth’s climate is sometimes compared to saving the world’s financial system following the crisis in 2007. But it’s not. The taxpayer saved the financial system by bailing it out a cost of trillions of dollars over a very short period, but there is no bailout option for the climate.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 14:30:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - Sept 2014

This event held on 16-17 September 2014 at the IEA is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 15:30:00 GMT

The time for tough decisions on climate change is now

Reversing the damage is within our grasp, but it will hinge on a strong international climate agreement and policies that make polluters pay. Op Ed by Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General and Nick Stern, Chair of the Grantham Institute for Climate Change and the Environment at the London School of Economics, The Guardian.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

Think Green: education and environmental awareness

Education plays a crucial role in raising awareness of environmental challenges and shaping the attitudes and behaviours that can make a difference. A recently released Trends Shaping Education Spotlight looks at the role of education in both preparing and providing our citizens with the skills needed for a sustainable and productive future.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 14:08:00 GMT

Productivity measurement with natural capital and bad outputs

This paper presents a productivity growth measure that explicitly accounts for natural capital as an input factor and for undesirable goods, or “bads”, as an output of the production process.

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 17:20:00 GMT

Personal tax treatment of company cars and commuting expenses: Estimating the fiscal and environmental costs

Company cars form a large proportion of the car fleet in many OECD countries and are also influential in determining the composition of the wider vehicle fleet. When employees provided with a company car use that car for personal purposes, personal income tax rules value the benefit in a number of different ways.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 07:48:00 GMT

Exploring Potential Data Sources for Estimating Private Climate Finance - Environment Working Paper

The paper reviews a number of commercial and public data sources to examine their potential for increasing coverage and understanding of the volume and characteristics of private climate finance beyond renewable energy projects. Such information is needed to assess progress towards the global transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient economies.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 09:08:00 GMT

Research Co-operation between Developed and Developing Countries in the Area of Climate Change Adaptation and Biodiversity

Climate change and biodiversity loss have increasingly become the subject of international policy deliberations. It is widely recognised that strong and effective international co-operation is required to address these issues. Co-operation in science and technology between developed and developing countries is considered to be of particular importance.

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 16:56:00 GMT

Moving beyond rhetoric: Responsibility in practice

This Global Forum plays an important role as the tool for on-going dialogue on responsible business conduct. I am pleased to announce that today, Ministers from over 20 countries are coming together to discuss how to integrate responsibility considerations throughout government policies. Their work will contribute to protect internationally recognised fundamental rights and to ensure good governance, fair regulations, and transparency.

Thu, 26 Jun 2014 11:08:00 GMT

Rain doesn’t follow the plow: climate change, agriculture and water

In many areas today, there is no such thing as a “natural” landscape. Thousands of years of farming have selected and encouraged some species, marginalised or eliminated others. The land itself has been altered by ploughing, enclosure, herding and other human interventions. We may feel that we have tamed Nature. Reports like this new one from the OECD remind us of our ignorance and warn us about our arrogance.

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Expert Workshop on Adaptation Financing and Implementation, June 2014

This workshop focused on putting priorities into practice in OECD countries. Country-specific prioritisation, sectoral approaches, mainstreaming tools including questions on public sector finance and research needs were all topics covered during the two days of the workshop.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Global Forum on Environment: Promoting Sustainable Materials Management through Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is increasingly recognised worldwide as an efficient waste management policy to help improve recycling and reduce landfilling of products and materials. This Forum took place on 17-19 June 2014, in Tokyo, Japan, to identify key challenges and opportunities for further developing EPR policies.

Tue, 17 Jun 2014 19:04:00 GMT

Message in a bottle: Producers not taxpayers should pay for the waste they generate - Insights Blog

Have you ever wondered who was paying to recycle that plastic bottle you just threw away?

Sat, 14 Jun 2014 09:25:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impacts: Conceptual Frameworks, Modelling Approaches and Research Needs - Environment Working Paper No. 66

This paper presents a framework to include feedbacks from climate impacts on the economy in integrated assessment models. The proposed framework uses a production function approach, which links climate impacts to key variables and parameters used in the specification of economic activity. The paper pays particular attention to the challenges of distinguishing between damages and the costs of adapting to climate change.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:07:00 GMT

An Overview of the OECD ENV-Linkages Model - Environment Working Paper No. 65

This document provides a detailed technical description of the ENV-Linkages model. The OECD ENV-Linkages Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) model is an economic model that describes how economic activities are inter-linked across several macroeconomic sectors and regions. It links economic activity to environmental pressure, specifically to emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 14:05:00 GMT

Economic Implications of the IEA Efficient World Scenario - Environment Working Paper No. 64

In its 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook, the International Energy Agency (IEA) produced an Efficient World Scenario to assess how implementing only economically viable energy efficiency measures would affect energy markets, investment and greenhouse emissions (GHG). Using the OECD ENV-Linkages macro-economic model, this report simulates the economic and environmental impacts which the IEA Efficient World Scenario implies.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 13:58:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Air pollution, the invisible killer - Insights Blog

Today’s post, marking World Environment Day, is from OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría. Air pollution has become the biggest environmental cause of premature death, overtaking poor sanitation and a lack of clean drinking water.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Material resources, productivity and the environment

This report describes the material basis of OECD economies. It examines how material resources flow between the economy and the environment, and the factors that drive changes in resource productivity over time and across countries.

Thu, 05 Jun 2014 10:05:00 GMT

Managing our natural resources: can we build more with less? - Insights Blog

For World Environment Day on 5 June 2014, the OECD Environment Directorate looks at how we use and manage natural resources.

Wed, 04 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Insight Blog - Wake up and save the coffee: Making development climate-resilient

A new OECD report describes what Ethiopia and Columbia are doing to sustain development in a changing climate.

Mon, 28 Apr 2014 12:56:00 GMT

Climate Resilience in Development Planning: Experiences in Colombia and Ethiopia

Developing countries are vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Improving climate resilience is an essential part of countries’ efforts to reduce poverty and meet development objectives. How can this be achieved? This report shows steps countries are taking to address climate variability and prepare for future changes. It identifies key elements to integrate climate resilience into national development planning.

Tue, 22 Apr 2014 15:14:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Insights Blog: IPCC and climate change risks - What would you do?

The latest Climate Change Report from the IPCC argues that human interference with the climate system is occurring, and climate change poses risks for human and natural systems. The report identifies eight major risks with high confidence, and says that each of these risks contributes to one of more of the five “reasons for concern”.

Mon, 31 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - March 2014

This event held on 18-19 March 2014 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Blog: Fighting the tide - Preparing for the water-related impacts of climate change

With headlines of record‑breaking water-related disasters around the world, this blog, written by Kathleen Dominique, OECD Environment Economist, discusses the water impacts of climate change. This post is part of Wikiprogress' series on "water" and the "environment".

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 15:04:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Video: How should governments prepare for floods?

In light of the UK floods, this 3-minute Q&A with OECD Environmental Economist Kathleen Dominique discusses how governments should be preparing for climate change-related weather events.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 12:03:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

Environment at a Glance 2013: OECD Indicators

This book offers a comprehensive snapshot of key environmental trends in OECD member countries since the early 1990s. Environment at a Glance 2013 contains comparative data and charts on everything from car ownership to fish captures that should be a useful reference tool as governments try to steer their economies in an environmentally sustainable direction, and to realise the associated economic opportunities.

Fri, 20 Dec 2013 15:26:00 GMT

OECD biotechnology newsletter updates

OECD major events and activities relating to biotechnologies: latest developments are updated biannually in this Newsletter.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 12:51:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Insights Blog: OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

Issues related to water and sanitation are a priority for the OECD. A number of people working at the OECD are also involved through our War on Hunger Group. For example, last year the Group funded a project in Mozambique to reduce diarrhoea by at least 25% in children under the age of five by training in hygiene and changing current practices.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD celebrates World Toilet Day

This year the United Nations has officially declared 19 November World Toilet Day to raise awareness of the sanitation crisis faced by millions every day. Similarly, the OECD places great importance on the issue of water and sanitation. It has undertaken significant work on the issue to help promote global awareness, encourage action and propose viable solutions.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 14:57:00 GMT

OECD at UN Climate Change Conference in Warsaw (COP 19)

The OECD organised a number of events focused on key aspects of the negotiations: side events on tracking private climate finance, establishing and understanding post-2020 mitigation commitments, and credible policies to achieve climate targets and mobilise private finance. The OECD also convened a High Level Breakfast addressing the issues around long-term investment and green infrastructure.

Mon, 11 Nov 2013 11:40:00 GMT

OECD Programme on Water Governance

The 'water crisis' is largely a governance crisis. There is enough water on Earth for all, even in areas where temporary shortages may exist. Managing water for all is not only a question of hydrology and money, but equally a matter of good governance.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International Conference on Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities, Tel Aviv

The Government of Israel and the OECD co-organised an international conference on "Joining Forces to Develop Smart, Cost-Effective Urban Water Utilities: Policy, Economics, Environment, Regulation and Technologies" on 23 October 2013, in Tel Aviv.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:06:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Reducing fossil fuel emissions isn’t enough, OECD Insights Blog

We must aim for their complete elimination by the second half of the century and need to come to grips with the risk of climate change. While many countries have announced ambitious targets to reduce fossil fuel emissions by 2020, and even mid-century, further efforts are needed.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:25:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - September 2013

This event held on 18-19 September 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Wed, 18 Sep 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Environment Action Programme Task Force: 2013 annual meeting

The meeting took place on 17-18 September 2013 in Tbilisi, Georgia and marked the 20th anniversary of the OECD environment-related co-operation with countries of Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 09:29:00 GMT

Addressing Competitiveness and Carbon Leakage Impacts Arising from Multiple Carbon Markets: A modelling Assessment - Environment Working Paper No. 58

Competitiveness and carbon leakage issues have been some of the main concerns in the implementation and discussions of climate policies. This paper examines the macroeconomic and sectoral competitiveness and carbon leakage impacts associated with a range of stylised mitigation policy scenarios.

Wed, 11 Sep 2013 12:32:00 GMT

National policy dialogue (NPD) in Turkmenistan

NPD in Turkmenistan

Mon, 09 Sep 2013 10:24:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

Responding to key well-being challenges in Austria

Important challenges for the future of Austrian well-being arise from demographic and environmental trends. The ageing of the population calls for a fair balance between life-time pension contributions and entitlements, drawing on the recent pension reform.

Mon, 05 Aug 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Better Plays for Better Lives: A Midsummer Night’s Dream, OECD Insights Blog

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050: Consequences of Inaction warns that by 2050, under a worst-case scenario, we could see a 10% biodiversity loss; 2.3 billion more people living in water-stressed areas; and a 50% increase in GHG emissions, primarily caused by a 70% growth in CO2 emissions from energy use.

Thu, 25 Jul 2013 11:34:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Renewable Energy: Why the Definition Needs to be Revised (ProgBlog)

Climate change mitigation and sustainability are the key rationales for increasing the share of renewable energy. Yet definitions of renewable energy used by policy-makers are so broad that subsidy regimes and other policies to promote renewable energy are able to result in highly negative climate, environmental and human impacts.

Mon, 24 Jun 2013 15:51:00 GMT

Avoiding death by diesel, blog post by Simon Upton

"It is estimated that air pollution from diesel-fuelled road transport kills 10 times more people each year in France than those who die in road accidents": OECD Insights Blog's post by Simon Upton, head of the OECD Environment Directorate, founder and Chair of the Round Table on Sustainable Development, and former New Zealand environment minister.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 15:37:00 GMT

Climate Change eXplorer: a new way of visualising climate-related data.

This new data visualisation tool brings over 40 different climate-related data sets to life by using animated plots for the period 1990-2010.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 19:55:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Why biodiversity matters

As we celebrate International Biodiversity Day, the outlook is not very encouraging. Around 12% of birds, 25% of mammals, and at least 32% of amphibians are threatened with extinction over the next century. Humans may have increased the rate of global extinctions by up to 1000 times the “natural” rate typical of Earth’s long-term history.

Wed, 22 May 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

"Greening Economies in the Eastern Neighbourhood” (EaP GREEN): Steering committee meeting

The first meeting of the EaP GREEN Steering Committee was held on 26 April 2013 in Berlin to discuss with representatives of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries the overall priorities of the programme, specific activities to be carried out in 2013, and the means of programme implementation.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Программа «EaP GREEN»: Первое заседание Координационного комитета

Первое заседание Координационного комитета программы «EaP GREEN» состоялось 26 апреля 2013 г. в Берлине. Заседание имело своей главной обсудить с представителями шести стран Восточного партнерства (Азербайджан, Армения, Беларусь, Грузия, Молдова и Украина) общие приоритеты программы, конкретные мероприятия, запланированные на 2013 г., и механизмы ее реализации.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 09:13:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

World Water Day: Big problems but there are solutions

This week, around 30,000 children under the age of five will die from water-related diseases, one every 20 seconds.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

This event held on 19-20 March 2013 at the OECD is part of a series of seminars, organised by the OECD and the IEA, which aims to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of experts on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. The agenda, presentations and list of participants are now available.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 10:53:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Environmental Innovation in Germany - Environment Working Paper No. 53

This paper reviews the recent experience of Germany in encouraging innovation to reduce negative environmental impacts of economic activity. The essence of the German approach to policy-induced environmental innovation is discussed in the context of changing policy objectives, and illustrated with selected examples from waste management, renewable energy and transportation.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 14:44:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

UN Climate Change Conference in Doha (COP 18)

OECD involvement is focussing on climate finance and investment to support low-carbon and climate-resilient growth; design and governance of carbon market mechanisms and the role of institutional investors in mobilising long-term green infrastructure investment.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Mobilising Investment in Low-Carbon, Climate Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 46

This paper addresses several broad issues for governments aiming to encourage private sector investment in low-carbon climate resilient (LCR) infrastructure, in both developed and developing world contexts.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 17:07:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards green investment policy framework: The Case of Low-Carbon, Climate-Resilient Infrastructure - Environment Working Paper No. 48

This report advances a “green investment policy framework” taking infrastructure investment as a starting point and looking only at climate change mitigation and adaptation. It highlights the significant opportunities and many challenges that exist today in both developed and developing countries to transition to low-carbon, climate-resilient (LCR) development through investment in both renovated and in new infrastructure.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 13:18:00 GMT

Global Forum on Biotechnology: The Evolving Promise of the Life Sciences

The OECD and the ESRC Genomics Policy & Research Forum jointly organised a one-day Forum on 12 November 2012 in Paris. The event was both retrospective and forward-looking. The forum concluded that the promise of biotechnology is not set but evolves with fresh scientific knowledge, novel laws and regulations. The future of biotechnology needs to also integrate social and cultural dimensions.

Mon, 12 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Is there life on Mars?

Is there life on Mars? -article by Julia Laplane, OECD

Fri, 26 Oct 2012 17:49:00 GMT

COP11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity

The eleventh meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity was held in Hyderabad, India (COP11, from 8 to 19 October 2012).

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 14:16:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum

Organised jointly by the OECD and the IEA, this seminar held on 26-27 September 2012 aimed to promote dialogue and enhance understanding between a wide range of countries on technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. This seminar was an informal meeting outside of the UNFCCC negotiations and discussions are non-attributed.

Wed, 26 Sep 2012 14:13:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

A Framework for Financing Water Resources Management

This report provides a framework for policy discussions around financing water resources management that are taking place at local, basin, national, or transboundary levels.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:31:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

OECD Insights: Is this as good as it gets?

The latest OECD Environmental Outlook is equally alarmist about “the consequences of inaction”, to quote the book’s subtitle. Terrestrial biodiversity is projected to decrease by a further 10% by 2050.

Mon, 03 Sep 2012 17:04:00 GMT

World water week 2012 - Insights Blog: Water stewardship: Does the OECD practice what it preaches?

World water week provides a unique forum for the exchange of views, experiences and practices between the scientific, business, policy and civic communities.

Tue, 28 Aug 2012 15:32:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Durban Climate Change Conference

The UN Conference (28 November-9 December 2011) involved OECD experts to focus on green growth and climate change, adaptation and mitigation, carbon accounting, improving transparency (“MRV”), climate finance and technology.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a green economy: How Spain's energy sector can help combat climate change

Our economies need a change of engine. The age of carbon is over. Renewable energies are the only future viable source if we want to protect life. Spain must be at the forefront of this transformation, turning the environment and green growth into its new engine of development.

Wed, 04 May 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Environment [oecd.org]

Rio+20: A voice from Sheffield, UK

Ruby Smith, 21, is a support planning co-ordinator for Sheffield Council, in Sheffield, UKRio+20 is a unique and historic opportunity for world leaders to prioritise development and plan a better world for future generations.I would like to ask delegates to remember the importance of putting...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20: A voice from Bosnia and Herzegovina

Seida Saric is country director for Women for Women International in Bosnia and HerzegovinaFoundations of any development rest on active and equal participation of both men and women in social, political and economic spheres of life. Women play a much more active role which, in turn, does not have...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Cities and Resilience

This policy brief highlights the key issues discussed at the Cities and Resilience Dialogue held in Bangkok, Thailand, in September 2009. The event assessed ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

This policy brief, produced by Care International, outlines a bilateral Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) pilot project ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) Letter

This letter is written by the Executive Chair of Indonesia's National Council on Climate Change, Rachmat Witoelar; it outlines Indonesia's Nationally ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Readiness Preparation Proposals (R - PP)

This document was submitted to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), a World Bank programme that aims to assist developing countries with Reduced ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Asia-Pacific Regional Climate Change Adaptation Assessment

This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID's Regional Development ...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

The doughnut can help Rio+20 see sustainable development in the round | Kate Raworth

Resource use has both an environmental ceiling and a social foundation, below which lies deprivation, but the doughnut-shaped space between the two demands our attentionIn 2009, Johan Rockström of the Stockholm Resilience Centre brought together some of the world's leading Earth-system scientists...

2012-06-16T00:00:00-00:00

Rio+20 Earth summit: walkout at 'green economy' talks

Negotiators from developing countries insist wealthy nations must help fund their move to sustainable developmentEurope's financial crisis should not be used as an excuse for inaction and underfunding of moves towards a more sustainable global economy, a senior Brazilian diplomat warned at the...

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

U.S. proposes tighter rules on soot pollution

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The Obama administration proposed stricter standards to control harmful soot from heavy industry on Friday, a move expected to save lives but which drew criticism from Republicans and industry worried the costs of compliance will hurt the economy.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Analysis: CO2 market has failed to promote cleaner energy

LONDON (Reuters) - Europe's emissions trading scheme has failed to create incentives for utilities to use cleaner energy fuels, meaning that governments will have to switch to simpler tools, such as subsidies and regulation, to enforce emissions reduction targets.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Australia cuts number of firms to pay carbon tax

CANBERRA (Reuters) - Australia will levy a controversial carbon tax on about half the number of companies originally expected, a government list released on Friday shows, which may limit the economic and political impact of the tax which starts on July 1.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Cities Bet They Can Curb Traffic With Games of Chance

To tackle congestion, clogged urban centers are testing the lure of prizes to persuade motorists to change their driving habits.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Can Rio+20 Create a Climate of Change for Poor Communities?

[AlertNet]Climate change is often described in numbers - degrees of temperature rise, metric tonnes of carbon emissions. These numbers add up to devastating consequences: erratic rainfall, crop failure, hunger. But climate change also has a human face.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Africa: Seizing the Opportunity for a Sustainable Future

[AlertNet]The 1992 Earth Summit was a bright moment for the environmental movement. For the first time, presidents and prime ministers - more than 100 in all - were "coming together to save the earth," as a headline on the cover of Time magazine put it.

2012-06-15T00:00:00-00:00

Display Next Earthwire Climate [earthwire.org]

World Business

Russia raises interest rates to 9.5%

Russia's central bank raises interest rates to 9.5% from 8%, a much bigger rise than expected, as it seeks to combat inflation.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 11:32:56 GMT

BOJ boosts monetary stimulus measure

Japan's central bank, the Bank of Japan, surprises markets by announcing an expansion of its monetary stimulus policy.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 10:34:29 GMT

US shares close at record levels

The Dow and S&P 500 close at record levels, helped by a surprise move by the Bank of Japan to boost its stimulus measures.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 21:55:04 GMT

Eurozone inflation edges up to 0.4%

Inflation in the eurozone rose slightly in October, giving some hope that the spectre of deflation can be staved off.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 12:16:49 GMT

Hungary scraps controversial web tax

Hungary shelves a proposed tax on internet data traffic after tens of thousands of Hungarians marched against it.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 12:57:00 GMT

Former Android boss leaves Google

Andy Rubin steps down from Google, while his former colleague Daniel Graf is demoted at Twitter

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 11:57:29 GMT

Banks may be forced to boost reserves

British banks may have to hold more funds to guard against the risk of a future economic downturn, the Bank of England has proposed.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 17:10:02 GMT

Sony reports loss of $1.2bn

Japanese consumer electronics giant Sony reports a net loss for the three months to September of 136bn yen ($1.2bn; £762m).

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 11:05:49 GMT

RBS reserves £400m for currency probe

Royal Bank of Scotland sets aside £400m to cover potential costs from an investigation into possible manipulation of the foreign exchange market.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 16:59:50 GMT

BA owner raises profit forecast

The parent company of British Airways, IAG, raises its profit forecast after it reports a 30% increase in third-quarter profits.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 10:49:14 GMT

Russia-Ukraine deal secures EU gas

Russia will resume gas deliveries to Ukraine this winter in a deal brokered by the European Union, which will also safeguard supplies to EU countries.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 01:08:33 GMT

Citigroup legal costs up by $600m

Investment bank Citigroup puts aside an extra $600m to cover legal expenses due to "rapidly evolving regulatory inquiries".

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 02:43:16 GMT

ANZ bank announces record profit

One of Australia's biggest lenders, ANZ, announces a record full-year net profit of A$7.3bn ($6.4bn, £4bn), up 15% from a year earlier.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 05:55:34 GMT

US posts better-than-expected growth

The US economy grew at an annual rate of 3.5% in the third quarter, a better figure than economists were expecting.

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 14:27:38 GMT

Wal-Mart to close 30 stores in Japan

The world's largest retailer, Wal-Mart, is closing 30 stores in Japan to improve profitability, the company says.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:48:01 GMT

Barclays sets aside £500m in probe

Barclays reports profits of £3.72bn for the first nine months of the year as it sets aside £500m relating to "investigations" into foreign exchange trading.

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 10:04:34 GMT

VIDEO: Is data the next frontier in Africa?

With the vast majority of people choosing mobile phones over fixed lines, is data the next logical focus for Africa's telecommunications business?

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 13:24:58 GMT

VIDEO: Tim Cook 'an important role model'

Lord Browne, author of The Glass Closet and former Chief Executive of BP, has hailed Apple CEO Tim Cook as "an important role model", after Mr Cook publicly acknowledged his sexuality, saying he was "proud to be gay".

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 22:49:14 GMT

VIDEO: The Chinese succession dilemma

The Chinese approach to succession in family firms is changing - the BBC looks at why.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 20:04:25 GMT

VIDEO: Why is the US election so costly?

The US mid-term election is projected to be the most expensive ever, and the BBC takes a look at where the millions of dollars comes from.

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 00:16:26 GMT

VIDEO: Why are oil prices falling? In 60 seconds

BBC News explains why oil prices are so low - and what it would take to stop the drop - in 60 seconds.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 22:06:57 GMT

VIDEO: Turning trash into cash in India

A charity in Delhi runs a programme for visually challenged people - they collect flowers from outside temples, which are turned into paint and then sold for a profit.

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 00:09:35 GMT

VIDEO: Lesotho's trout farming fortune

Roderick MacLeod reports on the growing trout farming business in the water-rich African country of Lesotho.

Fri, 24 Oct 2014 11:29:48 GMT

VIDEO: Future-gazing at TechCrunch London

As the annual TechCrunch event for tech start ups comes to London for the first time, David Grossman goes to investigate.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 12:41:54 GMT

Fiat Chrysler to spin off Ferrari

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles plans to spin off Ferrari and sell a 10% stake in the luxury carmaker on the stock market.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 18:04:15 GMT

Fed set to end US stimulus programme

The US Federal Reserve is expected to announce that it will end its programme of buying financial assets with new money, a policy known as quantitative easing.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 13:18:11 GMT

Chiquita banana firm in Brazil deal

Brazil's Cutrale and Safra groups agree a deal to buy banana giant Chiquita, just days after shareholders rejected a deal with rival Fyffes.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 13:41:52 GMT

Diageo puts investment plans on ice

The biggest firm in Scotch whisky production, Diageo, is reviewing its investment plans due to weakened demand around the world.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 14:35:25 GMT

Total profits hit by lower oil price

French oil firm Total reports a 2% fall in third quarter profits because of falling oil prices.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:27:45 GMT

Deutsche Bank in 92m-euro loss

Deutsche Bank swings to a loss in the third quarter because of higher legal costs to settle investigations.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 07:26:54 GMT

South Africa growth forecast slashed

South Africa's new finance minister cuts the country's economic growth forecast from 2.7% to 1.4%.

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 15:15:52 GMT

Iranian investment scene 'improving'

As hundreds of investors and business people meet at The 1st Europe-Iran Forum in London there is a mood of cautious optimism.

Thu, 16 Oct 2014 16:33:03 GMT

Oil prices slide on IEA report

Global oil prices fall further after the International Energy Agency reports higher output and cuts its forecast for growth in demand.

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 14:56:26 GMT

Thai court rejects UK activist case

A Thai court dismisses a criminal defamation case against a British labour activist who criticised conditions in the food industry.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 09:10:27 GMT

Nintendo surprises with earnings

Japanese video game giant Nintendo beats market expectations to post net income of 14.3bn yen in the April-to-September period.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 14:06:43 GMT

Alibaba founder tops China rich list

The founder of e-commerce giant Alibaba, Jack Ma, is China's richest person with a fortune of $19.5bn (£12bn), according to Forbes Media.

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 08:49:08 GMT

NFL could give UK 'more than £100m'

A London-based NFL team could be worth more than £100m a year to the UK, according to a new report.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:00:32 GMT

Hearts 'will adopt living wage'

Hearts vow to become the first football club in Scotland - and biggest in the UK - to adopt the living wage.

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 16:19:33 GMT

'Prize money gap needs to be closed'

Men earn more prize money than women in 30% of sports, a BBC Sport study reveals.

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 00:02:42 GMT

Can an app cure anxiety and stress?

Stress and anxiety are the modern epidemic - but what if a simple app could make it all go away?

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 00:00:20 GMT

Silicon Valley's billion dollar failures

US tech start ups are 'burning' cash at alarmingly high rates, and some experts are warning that innovation could suffer

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 23:04:53 GMT

Connecting India's offline millions

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg wants to connect the world to his social network through Internet.org - and he now has India in his sights.

Mon, 20 Oct 2014 23:05:17 GMT

The man who built a chocolate empire

Hotel Chocolat co-founder Angus Thirlwell explains how he created a corporate mints provider which he transformed into a chocolate empire.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 00:02:27 GMT

The Brazilian walk-in siesta centres

A start-up business in Brazil is rolling out a network of drop-in siesta centres, where people can go to take an afternoon nap.

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 23:09:10 GMT

How to manage a fast-growing firm

China's top bosses explain the dos and don'ts of managing a fast-growing company.

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 19:11:51 GMT

US airbag recall expands to 7.8m cars

US car safety regulators expand a recall of vehicles with potentially dangerous Takata airbags to 7.8 million, warning that owners should take 'immediate action'.

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 17:44:19 GMT

Peugeot sales and revenues rise

PSA Peugeot Citroen's turnaround plan appears to be making progress, with the troubled French carmaker announcing better sales and revenues.

Wed, 22 Oct 2014 10:18:57 GMT

Audi claims self-drive speed record

Audi says one of its self-drive test cars topped 149mph (240km/h) at a race track in Germany, beating a human-driven version.

Tue, 21 Oct 2014 12:29:19 GMT

Is it a golden age for Chinese cinema?

Is it a golden age for Chinese cinema?

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 19:36:08 GMT

Has quantitative easing worked?

Has quantitative easing worked?

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 00:42:35 GMT

The metal detectors saving marriages

The metal detectorists saving marriages

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 12:41:59 GMT

Global tax rules 'need tightening'

Global tax rules 'need tightening'

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 13:09:43 GMT

Colorado considers fracking's future

Weighing up oil and gas development in Colorado

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:07:42 GMT

Australia's flexible small firms

The Aussie firms offering unusual job perks and flexible working

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 20:19:12 GMT

Giant Samsung struggles at the top

Has the market finally caught up with Samsung?

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 11:13:17 GMT

Change in China for family succession

Why Chinese firms are changing their approach to succession

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 20:04:52 GMT

Where do billionaires go to university?

Where do the super-rich go to university?

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 00:30:22 GMT

Display Next World Business from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

Saudi Arabia's Sedco Capital eyes $300m Europe real estate deal

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Jeddah-based Islamic investment firm Sedco Capital plans to arrange a club investment of up to $300 million in European real estate, and will soon distrib...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 07:11:10 GMT

Qatar Exchange index falls on heavy sell-off

(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Qatari stocks plunged on heavy profit-taking yesterday, a day after Federal Reserve announced its decision to wound up its over five-year-long quantitativ...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 07:03:29 GMT

Kuwait prioritizes protection of human rights - Envoy

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) The State of Kuwait on Thursday reaffirmed respect for human rights out of belief in their crucial role in the achievement of sustainable deve...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 06:57:37 GMT

Kuwait welcomes Sweden's recognition of Palestinian statehood

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Kuwait welcomes Sweden's decision to recognize Palestine as an independent state, a senior Foreign Ministry source said on Thursday.The decisi...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 06:56:56 GMT

Ban condemns Sudan hostilities

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon strongly condemned the resumption of hostilities between the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) and Opposi...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 06:56:13 GMT

US, Israeli officials discuss ISIL, Iran

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) Senior US officials working on the Obama Administration's counterterrorism strategy met with their Israeli counterparts on Thursday for the se...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 06:54:12 GMT

Kuwaiti Speaker condemns Israeli closing of Aqsa Mosque

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) We condemn the unjustly Israeli act of closing the Holy Aqsa Mosque in the face of worshippers, Kuwait's National Assembly Speaker and Chairma...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 06:51:59 GMT

S. Korean Pres. calls for more economic ties with Saudi Arabia

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) South Korean President Park Geun-hye on Friday called for expanding economic ties with Saudi Arabia, saying the two countries should seek exch...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 06:48:07 GMT

EU condemns ISIL atrocities in Iraq

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) The EU Friday expressed condolences to the families of the tribesmen who were killed in recent ISIL atrocities in the Anbar province, as well ...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 06:47:22 GMT

OPEC basket price down by 45 cents to USD 82.79 pb

(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) OPEC daily basket price stood at USD 82.79 a barrel Thursday compared with USD 83.24 the previous day, the cartel said on Friday.The annual r...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 06:46:13 GMT

Dubai's DEWA awards USD55m deal to Swiss firm

(MENAFN) Dubai Electricity & Water Authority (DEWA) announced it has awarded a USD 55 million contract to ABB, the Swiss power firm to build a substation that will integrate power ...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 06:41:27 GMT

Bahrain's Investcorp, Mumtalakat acquire US firm

(MENAFN) Investcorp, the Bahrain-based alternative investment fund, announced acquiring United States-based software and services firm PRO Unlimited with the help of the sovereign ...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 06:13:27 GMT

Gulf Air to launch new service to Moscow

(MENAFN) Gulf Air, Bahrain's national carrier, announced launching its direct services to the Moscow, with the operation of four flights a week to Moscow that will be operated by a...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 05:31:40 GMT

Qatar's spending falls 6.6 percent in Q2

(MENAFN) Qatar's government spending reached USD10.7 billion during the April-June period, a fall by 6.6 percent compared with the same period last year, while revenue soared to a ...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 05:29:43 GMT

MC4-1 Rambowleros Zuhair Fayez 1 rule 10th KAMC Friendship Games

(MENAFN - Arab News) In keeping with tradition the Employee Social Club and Recreation Services of King Abdulaziz Medical City-Jeddah Western Region held its 10th KAMC Friendship B...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 11:28:06 GMT

Saudi- Guardians overcome Absar host team Maskan Arabia bounces back

(MENAFN - Arab News) RIYADH: JOEY JULATON SALEMPowerhouse Guardians (Diablo) got the better of equally talented Absar team 108-104 in a high-scoring game during the second week of ...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 11:28:04 GMT

Saudi- Majid rolls perfect 300 Gilas back-to-back Team of Week in FTBJ-ICBL event

(MENAFN - Arab News) For the second time in three weeks in leagues organized by Filipino Tenpin Bowlers of Jeddah perfect 300 game found a new owner in Majid Aslani.Following the l...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 11:27:53 GMT

Saudi- Al Faisaliah captures Inter-Hotels crown

(MENAFN - Arab News) Al Faisaliah coached by Francis Balanquit finished off Sheraton Riyadh Hotel &amp; Towrs by winning Game 3 of the best-of-three championship series 75-72 in a ...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 11:27:44 GMT

Saudi- Lahore Lions win thriller against KFSH

(MENAFN - Arab News) RIYADH: Lahore Lions scored a thrilling six-wicket win over King Faisal Specialist Hospital in a seventh round match of the American Express Twenty20 cricket t...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 10:30:03 GMT

Saudi- Desert Warriors goes down fighting to ARM Afroz slams ton for Tamer

(MENAFN - Arab News) JEDDAH: Desert Warriors went down fighting to ARM by six runs in the Ace Travel Premier League division morning session week-seven match organized by the Jedda...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 10:29:58 GMT

Amman accuses Israel of 'state terrorism' in Jerusalem

(MENAFN - Arab News) AMMAN: Jordan on Thursday accused Israel of 'state terrorism' after it closed Jerusalem's flashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque compound the third holiest site in Islam.Is...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 10:28:47 GMT

Saudi- Most erring doctors have master's Ph.D. degrees

(MENAFN - Arab News) A whopping 70 percent of medical practitioners who have committed medical errors over the last five years hold master's and doctoral degrees local media said q...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 10:24:32 GMT

Saudi- Energy efficient appliances and insulated houses can save power

(MENAFN - Arab News) Uninsulated buildings cars and industrial activity consume 90 percent of the energy produced in Saudi Arabia an expert from the Saudi Energy Efficiency Center ...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 10:24:29 GMT

Saudi- Conference encourages media voluntarism

(MENAFN - Arab News) A media volunteer group held its second media volunteers conference on Wednesday night at the Dar Al-Uloom University's auditorium in the Saudi capital.'This c...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 10:24:26 GMT

Saudi Arabia Turkey bound by history common values

(MENAFN - Arab News) Turkey will mobilize its expertise to promote regional and global peace said Yunus Demirer Turkish ambassador to the Kingdom on Wednesday. The ambassador was a...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 10:24:23 GMT

Saudi- 706 illegals held in Madinah

(MENAFN - Arab News) Police have arrested 706 illegal expats in Madinah over the past week.'Police and other security forces have arrested more than 31400 illegal workers since the...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 10:24:15 GMT

Saudi- Saher cameras reduce traffic violations

(MENAFN - Arab News) Traffic violations such as speeding and running red lights have dropped drastically since the introduction of Saher cameras on Jeddah's main roads according to...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 10:24:11 GMT

Saudi- Child sex abuse rate is alarmingly high

(MENAFN - Arab News) Studies show that the rate of child sexual abuse in the Kingdom is alarmingly high with one in every four children exposed to sexual harassment at some point i...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 10:24:06 GMT

Saudi- Firms with 500 workers now covered by Wage Protection System

(MENAFN - Arab News) The Ministry of Labor will begin implementing the fourth stage of the wage protection system (WPS) for companies with 500 employees or more starting next week....

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 10:24:05 GMT

Saudi- Makkah-Madinah train to be shipped by year-end

(MENAFN - Arab News) The first Spanish-made train for the multibillion-riyal Haramain railway project would arrive in Jeddah by December according to the president of the Saudi Rai...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 10:24:03 GMT

Burkina Faso Parliament set ablaze by angry protesters

(MENAFN - Arab News) OUAGADOUGOU: Angry demonstrators went on the rampage in Burkina Faso on Thursday setting Parliament ablaze in a surge of violence that forced the government to...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 08:40:56 GMT

Malala donates prize money to rebuild Gaza school

(MENAFN - Arab News) JERUSALEM: The UN agency that assists Palestinian refugees says Nobel Peace Prize laureate Malala Yousafzai has donated $50000 to rebuild a UN school in Gaza d...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 08:40:38 GMT

Group: Anti-Muslim bullying on the rise after Canada attacks

(MENAFN - Arab News) OTTAWA: Reports of anti-Muslim harassment have risen in Canada after attacks last week in which two soldiers were killed by people authorities say were inspire...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 08:40:09 GMT

Saudi- Sri Lanka says no hope finding mudslide survivors

(MENAFN - Arab News) KOSLANDA Sri Lanka: There was no hope of finding survivors after a mudslide tore through a tea plantation a Sri Lankan disaster official said amid widely confl...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 08:39:58 GMT

Amnesty: Libya militias committing war crimes

(MENAFN - Arab News) CAIRO: Amnesty International says rival militias and armed groups in Libya are committing 'mounting war crimes' with impunity.In a new report released Thursday...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 08:39:09 GMT

UN watchdog demands Gaza war probe slams Israel abuses

(MENAFN - Arab News) GENEVA: A UN human rights watchdog on Thursday urged Israel to respect the rights of Palestinians and demanded the country probe violations committed during re...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 08:39:03 GMT

Hundreds of tribesmen opposed to IS found in Iraqi mass graves

(MENAFN - Arab News) BAGHDAD: The bodies of 150 members of an Iraqi Sunni tribe which fought Islamic State have been found in a mass grave security officials said on Thursday.Islam...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 08:38:57 GMT

Saudi- Miracle of Allah: Tolerance of our body's defense system

(MENAFN - Arab News) The elements of the defense system fight against the enemies that will harm the body just like ordered and disciplined soldiers. First the soldiers that render...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 08:36:23 GMT

I became Muslim with the blessings of Allah

(MENAFN - Arab News) A large number of Christians embraced Islam in the medieval period. Anselm Tormeeda a 14th century Christian scholar and priest was one such person whose story...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 08:36:13 GMT

Saudi- The sanctity of Muharram

(MENAFN - Arab News) Muharram is the month that marks the beginning of the Hijrah calendar. It is one of the four sanctified months about which the Holy Qur'an says 'The number of ...

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 08:36:07 GMT

Display Next MENAFN Regional Business [menafn.com]

OECD Economic Survey of Slovak Republic launches Wednesday 5 November 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the Slovak Republic, to be published on Wednesday 5 November 2014, assesses the country’s prospects for inclusive economic growth and sustainable public finances. The Survey discusses the short term economic outlook and identifies structural reforms that can improve public sector efficiency and spur growth in economically disadvantaged regions.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 12:13:00 GMT

Women still struggling in labour market in Asia Pacific, says OECD

Gains in education have helped narrow the gender gap in the labour market in Asia Pacific but many challenges remain, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Economic projections for G20 countries to be released on Thursday 6 November 2014

he OECD will present its latest economic projections for G20 countries on Thursday 6 November at 11:00 a.m. CET (10:00 GMT).

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 15:25:00 GMT

Brazil closes legal loophole on foreign bribery: OECD hopes this will now translate into stepped up enforcement

Brazil must build on the positive momentum started with its new Corporate Liability Law and its first indictments in one foreign bribery case to investigate and prosecute more proactively foreign bribery.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan must sharpen its strategy and raise impact of its anti-corruption measures

Kazakhstan’s new anti-corruption strategy must be better defined, involving key stakeholders, with targeted actions and goals that address the key corruption challenges facing the country, says a new OECD report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:43:00 GMT

Major new steps to boost international cooperation against tax evasion: Governments commit to implement automatic exchange of information beginning 2017

The new OECD/G20 standard on automatic exchange of information was endorsed today by all OECD and G20 countries as well as major financial centres participating in the annual meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes in Berlin. A status report on committed and not committed jurisdictions will be presented to G20 leaders during their annual summit in Brisbane, Australia on November 15-16.

Wed, 29 Oct 2014 10:12:00 GMT

FATF guidance tackles terrorist finance and money laundering risk in banks and corporate entities

New guidance from the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) will help countries tackle the misuse of corporate entities for money laundering, terrorist financing and other illicit purposes.

Tue, 28 Oct 2014 10:17:00 GMT

Reformas fundamentais preparam o caminho para a recuperação económica em Portugal, afirma a OCDE

De acordo com o mais recente Relatório Económico de Portugal da OCDE, as reformas fundamentais ajudaram a colocar a economia portuguesa no caminho certo, mas uma recuperação duradoura requer medidas adicionais para aumentar a competitividade nas exportações, criar empregos e assegurar a proteção social aos mais desfavorecidos.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Fundamental reforms paving the way for economic recovery in Portugal, OECD says

Fundamental reforms have helped put the Portuguese economy back on the right track, but a durable recovery will require additional measures to improve export competitiveness, create jobs and ensure social protection for those most in need, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Portugal.

Mon, 27 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Statement of the OECD Working Group on Bribery on France’s implementation of the Anti-Bribery Convention

After a comprehensive review in October 2012, the OECD Working Group on Bribery asked France, through a series of concrete recommendations, to intensify its actions to fight the bribery of foreign public officials and undertake important reforms.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 15:57:00 GMT

Despite progress made and improved legal framework, OECD seriously concerned about Turkey’s level of detection and investigation of foreign bribery

Turkey is a significant and geopolitically critical economy. Its companies, like those from many other countries, operate in corruption-prone sectors and countries. In spite of this, only 10 allegations have come to the attention of Turkish authorities since foreign bribery became an offence in Turkey in 2003.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 11:22:00 GMT

Switzerland should encourage older people to work longer, says OECD

Switzerland should do more to help older people, especially women, work longer in order to meet the challenge of a rapidly ageing population, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Oct 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Seventh Meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes,28-29 October, in Berlin, Germany

Boosting international cooperation in tax matters will be at the top of the agenda of the 7th meeting of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, to be held in Berlin, Germany on 28-29 October.

Tue, 21 Oct 2014 11:44:00 GMT

Understanding National Accounts – latest edition now out

The OECD has updated its key textbook explaining how economic activity is monitored and measured.

Mon, 20 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of five international economic organisations at the OECD on Friday 17th October to discuss the challenges facing the global economy.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:35:00 GMT

The OECD encourages the French government to pursue the ongoing structural reforms to boost growth

Full implementation of the structural reforms adopted and announced in France would boost potential annual economic growth by one third, or 0.4 percentage points per year over ten years, according to the OECD.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 19:06:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes passage of Latvian law on governance of state-owned enterprises

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed the passage into law of Latvia's “Public Persons Enterprises and Capital Shares Governance Law”.

Fri, 17 Oct 2014 15:40:00 GMT

Korea: Promote inclusive growth through greater employer involvement in the employment and skills system, says OECD

Korea has made significant progress towards decentralising the management of employment and training programmes, but can still do more to create stronger links with employers at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD 검토 보고서, 고용주의 고용•직업훈련 시스템 참여 확대를 통한 포용적 성장을 한국 정부에 권고하다.

2014년 10월 15일 –한국 정부는 고용•직업훈련 프로그램을 지역 관리 방식으로 전환하는데 상당한 진전을 이루었지만 지역 차원에서 고용주와 프로그램의 연계성 강화를 위해 더 많은 노력을 경주할 필요가 있다고 새로 발표된 OECD 보고서는 권고했다.

Wed, 15 Oct 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, second quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate stable at 65.6% in second quarter of 2014

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 09:49:00 GMT

Monaco deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today the Principality of Monaco’s commitment to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 84th jurisdiction participating in the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Mon, 13 Oct 2014 15:02:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates Italy on new Jobs Act bill

The OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurria, congratulates Prime Minister Renzi on the passing by the Italian Senate of a bill enabling the government to elaborate a comprehensive reform of the labour market – the so-called Jobs Act.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 14:17:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: October 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.3% in August 2014

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, October 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in the Euro area and to stable growth in most other major economies

Wed, 08 Oct 2014 13:15:00 GMT

OECD bolsters relationship with Ukraine

The 34-member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development welcomed a Memorandum of Understanding between the OECD and Ukraine which will help Ukraine’s efforts to tackle corruption, strengthen its tax system and promote competitiveness.

Tue, 07 Oct 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Poorer regions struggling to catch up in advanced economies, says OECD

Living standards continue to diverge within many economically advanced countries as poorer regions struggle to catch up with richer ones. Half of the 34 OECD countries have seen the income gap between their best-off and worst-off regions widen since the 2008 crisis, according to new OECD research.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 15:00:00 GMT

How Was Life? shows long-term progress in key areas of well-being

People’s well-being has generally progressed since the early 20th century across a large part of the world, according to new research published by a consortium of economic historians (CLIO-INFRA) and produced in collaboration with the OECD and OECD Development Centre.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 30 September 2014

OECD annual inflation eases slightly to 1.8% in August 2014

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

Under-taxing drivers is bad for environment and health, OECD says

Advanced economies are pushing up carbon emissions, traffic congestion and air pollution by under-taxing company cars and diesel fuel, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 30 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Scotland’s vote to remain part of the UK

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the result of yesterday’s referendum in Scotland.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 16:16:00 GMT

OECD and National Bureau of Economic Research Conference on Productivity Growth and Innovation in the Long Run. 25-26 September, Paris.

Increasing productivity is critical to achieving strong, sustainable and inclusive growth and well-being. Technological change and innovation are the key drivers of increased productivity, along with better skills and organisational change.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 11:13:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría to discuss the Economic Case for Climate Action during UN Climate Summit

As part of the Climate Summit 2014 hosted by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on 23 September in New York, the United Nations University (UNU) is hosting a thematic session on “The Economic Case for Climate Action” with global leaders and world renowned experts from China, India, Mexico, and the United States.

Fri, 19 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities & Climate Change Michael R. Bloomberg push for cities to take lead on climate change

Angel Gurría and Michael R. Bloomberg reaffirmed today their commitment to support international cities’ efforts to lead in the global fight against climate change — and called for national support to make this happen.

Wed, 17 Sep 2014 10:45:00 GMT

OECD releases first BEPS recommendations to G20 for international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinationals

The OECD released today its first recommendations for a co-ordinated international approach to combat tax avoidance by multinational enterprises, under the OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project designed to create a single set of international tax rules to end the erosion of tax bases and the artificial shifting of profits to jurisdictions to avoid paying tax.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Governments must tackle regional variations in health care use, says OECD

Health care use varies widely across countries but can also vary as much or more within countries. Governments should do more to improve their health systems to prevent unnecessary interventions and ensure that everyone has the same access to quality healthcare, wherever they live, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:55:00 GMT

Global growth continuing at a moderate pace, OECD says

A moderate expansion is underway in most major advanced and emerging economies, but growth remains weak in the euro area, which runs the risk of prolonged stagnation if further steps are not taken to boost demand, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Mon, 15 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Second quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.8% in second quarter of 2014

Thu, 11 Sep 2014 09:45:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Educational mobility starts to slow in industrialised world, says OECD

Access to education continues to expand worldwide but the socio-economic divisions between tertiary-educated adults and the rest of society are growing. Governments must do more to ensure that everyone has the same opportunity to a good education early in life, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

G20 faces persistent gaps in employment and job quality

A large and persistent shortfall in the number and quality of the jobs being created in G20 countries is affecting prospects for re-igniting economic growth, according to a report prepared by the ILO, the OECD and the World Bank Group for the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting taking place in Melbourne this week.

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 10:39:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: September 2014

OECD unemployment rate nudges up to 7.4% in July 2014

Tue, 09 Sep 2014 09:05:00 GMT

Spain is on the road to recovery, but challenges remain to ensure sustainable, inclusive growth, says OECD

Spain is emerging from a protracted recession, marked by a return to moderate growth and rising international competitiveness. Decisive banking and fiscal reforms, coupled with supportive monetary policy from the European Central Bank, have reduced financial tensions and improved public finance.

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 17:16:00 GMT

OECD Interim Economic Assessment launches Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m.

OECD Deputy Secretary-General and Acting Chief Economist Rintaro Tamaki will present the near-term prospects for the global economy on Monday 15 September 2014 at 11:00 a.m. (CET).

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, September 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in most major economies

Mon, 08 Sep 2014 08:44:00 GMT

OECD appoints Catherine L. Mann as new Chief Economist

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría is pleased to announce the appointment of Ms. Catherine L. Mann as the new OECD Chief Economist. Her appointment will reinforce the OECD’s commitment to identifying and promoting better policies for better lives around the world.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:17:00 GMT

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says

Iceland must balance growth in power and tourism industries with nature conservation, OECD says Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 11:05:00 GMT

More action needed to move away from market-distorting farm support, says OECD

Government support for agriculture in OECD countries remained on a downward trend in 2013, yet much of this support is still in a form that distorts markets, according to the OECD’s latest agricultural policy monitoring report.

Thu, 04 Sep 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Jobs recovery to remain weak in 2015, says OECD

Unemployment will remain well above its pre-crisis levels next year in most OECD countries, despite modest declines over the rest of 2014 and in 2015, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 03 Sep 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Spain launches Monday 8 September 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain, to be published on Monday 8 September 2014, assesses the country’s return to moderate growth and more sustainable public finances after the protracted recession.

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 17:47:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 September 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.9% in July 2014

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 16:30:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Second Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP up 0.4% in the second quarter of 2014 but with mixed patterns across countries

Tue, 26 Aug 2014 08:43:00 GMT

OECD and China expand cooperation in PISA education programme

The OECD and China have announced that they will expand their cooperation in PISA, following the successful implementation of PISA 2009 and 2012 in Shanghai.

Mon, 25 Aug 2014 10:10:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, August 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Mon, 11 Aug 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Global Forum releases new compliance ratings on tax transparency for 10 jurisdictions

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes published today 13 new peer review reports demonstrating progress toward implementation of the international standard for exchange of information on request. The Global Forum also issued compliance ratings for 10 jurisdictions.

Mon, 04 Aug 2014 10:22:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 29 July 2014

OECD annual inflation stable at 2.1% in June 2014

Tue, 29 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

OECD appoints Mari Kiviniemi and Stefan Kapferer as Deputy Secretaries-General

Mari Kiviniemi, Finland’s former Prime Minister, and Stefan Kapferer, currently State Secretary at Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, have been appointed Deputy Secretaries-General of the OECD.

Fri, 25 Jul 2014 16:25:00 GMT

La OCDE da a conocer la versión completa del estándar global para el intercambio automático de información

Dando un paso importante hacia una mayor transparencia y poniendo fin al secreto bancario en materia fiscal, la OCDE dio a conocer hoy la versión completa de un nuevo estándar global para el intercambio de información entre jurisdicciones

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD releases full version of global standard for automatic exchange of information

Taking an important step towards greater transparency and putting an end to banking secrecy in tax matters, the OECD today released the full version of a new global standard for the exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Mon, 21 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Japan’s aid guided by clear vision and priorities but should focus on countries and people most in need

Japan has increased its spending on overseas development assistance (ODA) and is showing more global leadership, but needs to pay more attention to where it is spending the money and increase its focus on results and transparency.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Employment situation, first quarter 2014, OECD

OECD employment rate rises for the fourth consecutive quarter to 65.6% in first quarter of 2014

Wed, 16 Jul 2014 09:45:00 GMT

Recent labour market reforms have yet to fulfil their promise, says OECD

The UK labour market weathered the recent recession moderately well. After a relatively limited fall, total employment recovered and it recently reached 30 million for the first time, even if a number of the new jobs created are low productivity and low paid.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD and FAO see lower farm prices; livestock and biofuels outpacing crop production

The recent fall in prices of major crops is expected to continue over the next two years before stabilising at levels above the pre-2008 period, but markedly below recent peaks, according to the latest Agricultural Outlook produced by the OECD and FAO.

Fri, 11 Jul 2014 11:30:00 GMT

Turkey: Macroeconomic stability and structural reform key to strong and inclusive growth, OECD says

Turkey’s economy will grow stronger in the coming years, but remains overly dependent on domestic consumption funded by foreign finance, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Turkey.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Türkiye: Makroekonomik istikrar ve yapısal reformlar, üretim yapısının güçlenmesi için hayati.

OECD Türkiye Ekonomik İnceleme Raporuna göre; Türkiye ekonomisi önümüzdeki yıllarda büyümeye devam edecek ancak, ekonominin dış kaynak ile fonlanan iç tüketime aşırı bağımlılığı halen devam etmekte.

Thu, 10 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Governments must address the vulnerability of social institutions, OECD says

Future generations will pay a high price if countries fail to reform pension, health care and unemployment schemes, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 15:33:00 GMT

First OECD PISA financial literacy test finds many young people confused by money matters

Around one in seven students in the 13 OECD countries and economies that took part in the first OECD PISA international assessment of financial literacy are unable to make even simple decisions about everyday spending, and only one in ten can solve complex financial tasks.

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.4% in May 2014

Wed, 09 Jul 2014 08:52:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, July 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to stable growth momentum in the OECD area

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 16:09:00 GMT

Mental healthcare under-resourced in too many countries, says OECD

Governments need to step up their efforts to improve mental health care which remains poorly resourced and under-prioritised in too many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Permangono le difficoltà di accesso al credito per le PMI nonostante la ripresa economica

Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione e lo sviluppo economico (OCSE), le condizioni di accesso al credito per le Piccole e Medie Imprese (PMI) rimangono un motivo di preoccupazione in molti paesi.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 16:39:00 GMT

Italy needs to improve immigrant integration in society and work, says OECD

Italy should step up its efforts to help immigrants and their children integrate into society and learn the skills they need to improve their job prospects and earnings, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 14:59:00 GMT

Small businesses continue to face finance constraints despite economic recovery

Financing conditions for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) remain a pressing concern in many countries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 07 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth: first quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Private consumption main driver of modest OECD GDP growth in the first quarter of 2014

Thu, 03 Jul 2014 09:46:00 GMT

Global growth to slow as wage inequality rises over coming decades, says OECD

A slowdown in global economic growth and a continuing rise in income inequality are projected for the coming decades, according to a new OECD study which looks beyond the crisis at what the world could look like by 2060.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Boosting productivity key for developing economies to close income gap with advanced countries, says OECD Development Centre

Income levels in most developing and emerging countries will not catch up with advanced economies for many decades without efforts to boost productivity, according to a new report by the OECD Development Centre.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 July 2014

OECD annual inflation edges up to 2.1% in May 2014

Tue, 01 Jul 2014 09:10:00 GMT

Health spending starts to rise but remains weak in Europe, says OECD

Health spending has started to rise again after stagnating or even falling in many OECD countries during the crisis. But the pace of growth remains well below pre-crisis rates, especially in Europe, according to OECD Health Statistics 2014.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Smarter research spending would boost French innovation, says OECD

Encouraging private-sector innovation, making public research institutions more accountable and channelling more funds into the most promising R&D projects would help restore France’s former prowess in science and technology, a new OECD report says.

Fri, 27 Jun 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Czech Republic should improve primary care and prevention to reduce chronic disease, says OECD

Strengthening primary health care and prevention programmes would help stem the growing tide of diabetes and other chronic health conditions in the Czech Republic, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

Teachers love their job but feel undervalued, unsupported and unrecognised, says OECD

Most teachers enjoy their job, despite feeling unsupported and unrecognised in schools and undervalued by society at large, according to a new OECD survey.

Wed, 25 Jun 2014 08:48:00 GMT

OECD launches interactive website on regional well-being

Life expectancy, air quality, safety and other indicators of well-being can vary dramatically within countries, depending on which region you live in. Looking beyond national averages is vital to get an accurate picture of quality of life and to guide local government policy.

Tue, 24 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Latin America and Caribbean governments could do more on budget management, public sector pay equality - OECD-IDB

Latin American and Caribbean countries need to do more to improve budget management, tax collection and public sector pay equality if they are to catch up with advanced economies in terms of government performance, according to a joint report by the OECD and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB).

Fri, 20 Jun 2014 16:00:00 GMT

2014 Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct, Paris, 26-27 June 2014

Responsible business conduct is crucial for open and stable international investment climates. OECD Secretary-General Ángel Gurría will open the 2014 OECD Global Forum on Responsible Business Conduct on 26-27 June 2014, together with Dutch Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Co-operation Lilianne Ploumen and French Minister for Finance and Public Accounts Michel Sapin.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:36:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2014

OECD Unit Labour Costs up 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014 as labour productivity falls

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 17:13:00 GMT

OECD International teacher and school leader survey to be published Wednesday 25 June

The OECD’s Teacher and Learning International Survey (TALIS) will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 25 June 2014.

Thu, 19 Jun 2014 16:59:00 GMT

Andorra commits to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Andorra has become the 48th signatory to an OECD Declaration that commits countries to end bank secrecy for tax purposes.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 18:30:00 GMT

Korea: Implement reforms to develop a creative economy, OECD says

Korea needs to move away from its current economic model and implement a range of reforms to develop a creative economy that can sustain long-term growth, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Korea. The strategy should be accompanied by new measures to reduce income inequality and poverty, particularly among the elderly, the OECD said.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 13:47:00 GMT

U.S. recovery could be strengthened by key reforms, OECD says

Economic recovery in the United States is stronger than in most OECD countries, but it will remain sluggish unless new reforms are launched to boost growth, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Fri, 13 Jun 2014 11:32:00 GMT

Statement of OECD on Japan’s Efforts to Increase Foreign Bribery Enforcement

Due to serious concerns about the extremely low level of enforcement of Japan’s offence of bribing foreign public officials – just three prosecutions since 1999 – the OECD Working Group on Bribery recommended in December 2013 that Japan establish an Action Plan to organise police and prosecution resources to be able to proactively detect, investigate and prosecute cases of foreign bribery by Japanese companies.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:43:00 GMT

Statement of OECD Working Group on Bribery on Spain’s efforts to amend its Penal Code and to enforce its foreign bribery offence

The OECD Working Group on Bribery supports Spain’s efforts to further reform its Penal Code to bring its anti-bribery law into line with its international obligations under the OECD Convention on Combatting Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 14:37:00 GMT

Slovenia must urgently prioritise the fight against foreign bribery, says OECD

Serious steps must be taken by Slovenia to ensure that it effectively detects, investigates and prosecutes allegations of transnational bribery.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:15:00 GMT

Estonia needs to promptly address rising foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Estonia’s framework for combating foreign bribery may be inadequate to efficiently tackle rising foreign bribery risks resulting from its increasingly export-intensive economy.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 09:01:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - First quarter of 2014, OECD

G20 GDP growth steady at 0.8% in first quarter of 2014

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 08:21:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: June 2014

Modest decline in OECD unemployment rate in April 2014

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 18:07:00 GMT

Canada: Sustain inclusive growth by reducing housing market risks and overcoming specific skills shortages, says OECD

Canada has experienced solid economic growth since the global crisis, allowing it to reverse recession-induced job losses and put federal public finances on a sound footing, says the OECD. Growth is expected to accelerate from 2.5% this year to 2.7% in 2015.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 16:20:00 GMT

Sweden must keep innovating to maintain strong environmental record, says OECD

Sweden has shown a longstanding commitment to the environment, significantly reducing greenhouse gas emissions, air pollution and nitrogen leaching. Renewables supply more than a third of its energy needs. Sweden has set itself tough targets for the future, however, and must continue to innovate if it is to meet them, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 11 Jun 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, June 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to suggest that momentum is weakening in most major emerging economies but stable in the OECD area

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:18:00 GMT

OECD launches its Better Life Index in Brazil with Pelé on the eve of the World Cup

Today, the OECD launched the Portuguese version of its Better Life Index in Brazil with football legend Pelé. The Portuguese version is the site’s 6th language edition, enabling the OECD to reach over 240 million Portuguese speakers across the globe.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

OCDE lança Índice para uma Vida melhor no Brasil ao lado de Pelé e às vésperas do pontapé inicial da Copa do Mundo

Hoje, a OCDE lança no Brasil, e na presença da lenda do futebol Pelé, o Índice para uma Vida Melhor totalmente em português. Este é o sexto idioma em que o site está disponível e a tradução permite que a OCDE alcance mais de 240 milhões de falantes de português ao redor do mundo.

Mon, 09 Jun 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Mongolia should persist with systematic anti-corruption reforms

Mongolia should persist with systematic reforms in its struggle against corruption, says a new report by the Istanbul Anti-Corruption Action Plan (IAP).

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:49:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

Tajikistan should step up its fight against corruption

Tajikistan needs to step up its fight against corruption and turn political declarations of commitment into action, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:43:00 GMT

More efforts needed to tackle rising obesity, says OECD

Most people in OECD countries are overweight or obese. The social and economic consequences of this epidemic are dramatic, exposing an increasing number of people to chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and cancer.

Tue, 27 May 2014 10:02:00 GMT

Norway should strengthen primary care to address evolving healthcare needs, says OECD

Improving primary care systems and co-ordination between health services would help Norway meet the changing needs of its healthcare system, as the population ages and hospital stays become shorter, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 17:34:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

Czech Republic: Tackling long-term unemployment requires stronger local actions to develop skills, says OECD

The Czech Republic has made significant progress towards creating a stable and attractive climate for investment, but more could be done to tackle long-term and youth unemployment through integrated actions across employment, skills and economic development policies at the local level, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 21 May 2014 12:41:00 GMT

GDP Growth - First Quarter 2014, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2014, but with large diverging patterns across countries

Tue, 20 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Reducing red tape in business would boost Greek productivity, OECD says

Greece could save its businesses hundreds of millions of euros a year and improve their competitiveness by reducing administrative burdens, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 15 May 2014 17:23:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: May 2014

OECD unemployment rate stable at 7.5% in March 2014

Wed, 14 May 2014 09:56:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, May 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in major emerging economies but stable growth momentum in most OECD countries

Tue, 13 May 2014 16:43:00 GMT

Germany should enact economic and social reforms to make its growth path more inclusive and sustainable, OECD says

Germany’s current economic success offers a good platform for achieving sustainable and inclusive growth, but further reforms will be necessary over the medium and long term, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Germany.

Tue, 13 May 2014 12:14:00 GMT

Clarification on media reports regarding 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey

Following recent Turkish media reports, the OECD would like to clarify that it has published no recent review of Turkey. The publication of the 2014 Economic Survey of Turkey is planned for July.

Tue, 13 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 May 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.6% in March 2014 but slows in Euro area

Fri, 09 May 2014 17:14:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Countries commit to automatic exchange of information in tax matters

Bank secrecy for tax purposes is coming to an end as countries and major financial centres commit to automatic exchange of information between jurisdictions.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:40:00 GMT

Global economy strengthening but significant risks remain, says OECD in latest Economic Outlook

The global economy will strengthen over the coming two years, but urgent action is still required to further reduce unemployment and address other legacies from the crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 06 May 2014 17:13:00 GMT

Dynamic markets in Southeast Asia need good policies for sustained competitiveness and shared growth, says OECD

The Southeast Asia region, with more than half-a-billion people, is among the fastest-growing regions in the world but levels of growth and prosperity within the region remain uneven. Good policies need to be implemented in the region to maintain strong growth and make it more inclusive, boosting productivity, reducing poverty, and avoid falling into the “middle income trap”.

Tue, 06 May 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Countries must improve resilience to disasters or face mounting costs, OECD says

Smarter planning for natural and man-made disasters that increases collaboration between countries and encourages households and businesses to take more responsibility would improve resilience and reduce future economic losses, a new OECD report says.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:47:00 GMT

“Healthy, happy and wise”, users' top priorities as OECD releases its 2014 Better Life Index

Japanese users of the Better Life Index (BLI) worry most about safety, Australians seek work-life balance, Latin Americans strive for better education, and Danes want to be happy – user feedback shows as the Index marks its third birthday.

Mon, 05 May 2014 16:38:00 GMT

Make growth socially inclusive for improved well-being and stronger economies – OECD report

Inequality – now at its highest level in decades in many countries – undermines economic growth and well-being, says a new OECD report. But policies to tackle the widening gap between rich and poor will only succeed if they also look beyond income and address better access to high-quality education, health care and public infrastructure, it adds.

Mon, 05 May 2014 10:35:00 GMT

OECD now accounts for slightly less than 50% of world GDP, large emerging economies for about 30%

OECD countries accounted for around 50% of the world’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expressed in Purchasing Power Parities (PPPs) in 2011 - the latest benchmark year - compared with about 60% in 2005, the previous benchmark year, according to new data released today by the International Comparison Program (ICP).

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 19:20:00 GMT

Top earners capturing growing share of total income in many countries, says OECD

The shares of the richest 1% in total pre-tax income have increased in most OECD countries over the past three decades. This rise is the result of the top 1% capturing a disproportionate share of overall income growth over that timeframe: up to 37% in Canada and 47% in the United States, according to new OECD analysis.

Wed, 30 Apr 2014 09:32:00 GMT

International community continues making progress on tax transparency

The international community continues making progress toward greater cooperation to ensure effective information exchange in tax matters. The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes issued today 12 new reports that highlight action being taken by jurisdictions to implement the international standard for exchange of information on request.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 19:38:00 GMT

Netherlands: Make economic, innovation and territorial reforms work together to boost growth and competitiveness, says OECD

The Netherlands is gradually emerging from a double-dip recession with strengthened public finances and reforms on track to improve the labour and housing markets and the health care and pension systems. These reforms are paying off, says the OECD. Growth is expected to reach 1% this year and 1.3% in 2015.

Thu, 24 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Governments endorse new OECD Guidelines on applying VAT across borders

The governments of 86 countries have taken a key step towards preventing value added tax from weighing on trade while also safeguarding state revenues by endorsing the first internationally agreed framework for applying national VAT rules to cross-border transactions.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 16:37:00 GMT

Northern Ireland, UK: Collaboration at local level is key towards matching skills to demand, says OECD

Closer collaboration between local employment, training, and economic development agencies to develop the right skills in jobseekers is crucial to support export-oriented growth in Northern Ireland, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 18 Apr 2014 09:49:00 GMT

The Netherlands must do more to make working at an older age more attractive, says OECD

Encouraging more people to work later in life would help the Netherlands meet its growing challenges of a rapidly ageing population and rising social spending, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 16 Apr 2014 13:00:00 GMT

Italy increases aid contributions but should address working practices, OECD says

Italy has raised its foreign aid contributions and its future targets, reversing a trend of falling development assistance, and now needs to improve the way it manages its development programmes, according to a new OECD review.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income continue to rise across the OECD

Personal income tax has risen in 25 out of 34 OECD countries over the past three years, as countries reduce the value of tax-free allowances and tax credits and subject higher proportions of earnings to tax, according to new data in the annual Taxing Wages publication.

Fri, 11 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Colombia must do more on environment for sustainable economic growth, says OECD

Colombia’s rich natural heritage as one of the world’s most bio-diverse countries is coming under increasing pressure from extractive industries, livestock grazing, urbanisation and car use, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Apr 2014 16:00:00 GMT

Colombia telecoms regulator needs more power to increase competition, says OECD

Colombia has done much to strengthen the rules governing its telecommunication sector, but it must give its regulator more power to enforce them in order to increase competition, particularly in the highly concentrated mobile market, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 18:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: April 2014

OECD unemployment increases to 7.6% in February 2014

Wed, 09 Apr 2014 09:30:00 GMT

Aid to developing countries rebounds in 2013 to reach an all-time high

Development aid rose by 6.1% in real terms in 2013 to reach the highest level ever recorded, despite continued pressure on budgets in OECD countries since the global economic crisis. Donors provided a total of USD 134.8 billion in net official development assistance (ODA), marking a rebound after two years of falling volumes, as a number of governments stepped up their spending on foreign aid.

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, April 2014

Composite leading indicators point to weakening growth in most major emerging economies but continued positive growth prospects in OECD countries

Tue, 08 Apr 2014 08:50:00 GMT

Latvia to join OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Latvia has taken an important step on the road to OECD membership by completing the process to become a member of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Latvia will become the 41st Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 30 May 2014.

Mon, 07 Apr 2014 14:51:00 GMT

Europe’s reforms beginning to pay off but continued effort needed, says OECD

Action taken by many European countries to return their public finances to health are beginning to pay off, says the OECD. The Euro area economies which emerged from the crisis with serious current account deficits are now in surplus. Debt-to-GDP ratios are stabilising and market tensions have abated.

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 21:22:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Fourth quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Unwinding of stocks slows OECD GDP growth to 0.5% in the fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 03 Apr 2014 09:36:00 GMT

Singapore and Korea top OECD’s first PISA problem-solving test

Students from Singapore and Korea have performed best in the first OECD PISA assessment of creative problem-solving. Students in these countries are quick learners, highly inquisitive and able to solve unstructured problems in unfamiliar contexts.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Spain’s public sector reform plans on the right track, says OECD report

Spain’s planned public sector reforms should help make the country’s institutions stronger and more effective, and proposals to increase transparency and root out corruption will do much to restore public trust, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 1 April 2014

OECD annual inflation slows to 1.4% in February 2014

Tue, 01 Apr 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Sovereign borrowing set to fall in 2014, says OECD

Borrowing operations by OECD governments are set to decrease, as their borrowing needs continue to decline, according to a new OECD report. Net borrowing needs are projected to fall from USD 2.0 trillion in 2013 to USD 1.5 trillion in 2014, the lowest level since 2007.

Fri, 28 Mar 2014 15:25:00 GMT

Inclusive Growth and Urbanisation in China

Reassessing the way in which China grows and placing equity at the centre of the 13th Five Year Plan growth strategy will help to ensure China’s long term growth prospects, giving every citizen the chance to lead a prosperous and fulfilling life, said OECD Secretary-General in Beijing.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:54:00 GMT

Tax: OECD’s Gurría welcomes international progress towards automatic exchange of information

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed moves by more than 40 countries – reinforced by EU leaders - to commit to a detailed timetable to step up the fight against tax evasion.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

OECD forecasts during and after the financial crisis: a post mortem

This paper assesses the OECD’s projections for GDP growth and inflation during the global financial crisis and recovery, focussing on lessons that can be learned.

Mon, 24 Mar 2014 08:59:00 GMT

China: Structural reforms for inclusive growth

In spite of a slow and uneven global recovery over the past five years, China has maintained strong growth and continued to tackle income inequality, which had been rising, as well as poverty. Drawing on the expertise and collective experience of OECD member and partner countries, this Report presents recent OECD analysis and policy advice in areas that are critical to China’s long-term economic performance and social development.

Fri, 21 Mar 2014 16:51:00 GMT

Lack of enforcement jeopardises South Africa’s fight against foreign bribery; OECD concerned that political and economic considerations may be an influence

South Africa must take urgent steps to proactively investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. No foreign bribery cases have been prosecuted since South Africa joined the Convention in 2007. The 4 on-going investigations – out of only 10 allegations that have surfaced to date – are also far from reaching the prosecution stage, according to a new report by the OECD Working Group on Bribery.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Progress made but Chile should better detect and thoroughly investigate foreign bribery, says OECD

Chile has made positive efforts to implement the Convention, but there has not been a single foreign bribery conviction. Chile did not sufficiently investigate several of the six foreign bribery allegations that have surfaced since 2001. Chile should improve its investigative and detection efforts, says OECD

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Urgent action needed to tackle rising inequality and social divisions, says OECD

Income inequality and social divisions could worsen and become entrenched unless governments act quickly to boost support for the most vulnerable in society, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 18 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic is recovering, but more must be done to jump-start income convergence with euro area countries, OECD says

The Czech economy is finally coming out of a prolonged recession but must take further steps to speed up income convergence towards the euro area countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 17:22:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Fourth quarter of 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.8% in the fourth quarter of 2013, down from 0.9% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Dutch water governance faces challenges from demographics and climate

The Netherlands is a global pioneer in water management with a long history of containing flood risks and reclaiming land from the sea. Yet it will need to adapt its water governance policies to meet the looming challenges of shifting demographics, regional development and climate change, according to an OECD report.

Mon, 17 Mar 2014 11:40:00 GMT

Statement by the OECD regarding the status of the accession process with Russia & co-operation with Ukraine

Further to a meeting of its governing Council on 12 March 2014, the OECD has postponed activities related to the accession process of the Russian Federation to the OECD for the time being.

Thu, 13 Mar 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Recovery continuing in G7 countries, but emerging economies are mixed, OECD says

Recovery is under way in the world’s advanced economies, underpinned by supportive financial conditions and reduced drag from budgetary tightening, but activity in the major emerging markets is mixed, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Tue, 11 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Poland can grow faster through labour market and pro-competition reforms, OECD says

Poland’s economic performance has been impressive over the past 15 years, but further reforms are now needed to put the economy firmly back on track for stronger and sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Poland.

Mon, 10 Mar 2014 17:52:00 GMT

New approach needed to boost strong and sustainable tourism growth, says OECD

Governments should recognise tourism’s role as an essential driver of jobs and growth and boost their support for the sector. The industry today accounts for 4.7% of GDP and 6.0% of employment in the developed world, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 14:00:00 GMT

Norway’s success in generating inclusive growth can ensure future prosperity, OECD says

The Norwegian economy is performing well, generating inclusive growth, strong social mobility and low unemployment. But to ensure future prosperity, Norway must continue with growth-enhancing reforms while ensuring financial stability, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Norway.

Wed, 05 Mar 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 March 2014

OECD annual inflation increases slightly to 1.7% in January 2014

Tue, 04 Mar 2014 08:52:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Norway launches Wednesday 5 March 2014

The Survey discusses Norway’s determination to strengthen financial stability, through the use of new policy tools to help policymakers prevent and manage financial crises, notably concerning housing market related risks.

Mon, 03 Mar 2014 11:34:00 GMT

OECD Tourism Trends and Policies 2014 launches in Berlin

Tourism has shown resilience through the global economic crisis and accounts today for 4.7% of GDP and 6% of jobs on average in OECD countries. Yet as tourist arrivals worldwide surpass 1 billion annually, many established destinations are losing market share to up-and-coming countries in an increasingly competitive environment.

Fri, 28 Feb 2014 14:32:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

Ambitious structural reforms can pave the return to strong and sustainable growth, OECD says

Adopting ambitious and comprehensive structural reform agendas will offer governments the best chance for a return to strong, sustainable and balanced economic growth that creates jobs and reduces inequality, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report

Fri, 21 Feb 2014 03:30:00 GMT

Tunisia: OECD’s Gurría welcomes democratic progress and pledges continued support

OECD Secretary General Angel-Gurría has welcomed Tunisia’s progress towards democratic reconstruction and pledged to support the Tunisian government and people in the challenges ahead.

Thu, 20 Feb 2014 14:04:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Fourth Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

OECD GDP growth rate stable at 0.6% in fourth quarter of 2013

Wed, 19 Feb 2014 16:47:00 GMT

OECD delivers new single global standard on automatic exchange of information

Offshore tax evasion remains a serious problem for countries and jurisdictions worldwide, with vast amounts of funds deposited abroad and sheltered from taxation when taxpayers fail to comply with obligations in their home countries.

Thu, 13 Feb 2014 16:29:00 GMT

Finland’s economy is on the mend but pushing ahead with reform is key, says OECD

Finland’s economy is gradually picking up, but uncertainty surrounds the recovery. Determined action to implement structural reforms is needed to revive economic growth, restore competitiveness and preserve high standards of living and well-being, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Finland.

Wed, 12 Feb 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: February 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.6% in December 2013

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 16:45:00 GMT

Economic crisis provides lessons for new approaches to forecasting, says OECD

Extreme volatility during the global financial crisis complicated economic forecasting, leading to large errors that underline the need for better modelling methods and new approaches for making and presenting projections.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 15:27:00 GMT

Switzerland on track to meet aid targets; should play greater leadership role

Switzerland provided USD 3 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.45% of its gross national income (GNI), in line with its goal to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2015.

Tue, 11 Feb 2014 10:36:00 GMT

UK needs to tackle high cost of mental-ill health, says OECD

Mental health issues cost the UK around GBP 70 billion every year, or roughly 4.5% of GDP, in lost productivity at work, benefit payments and health care expenditure.

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 15:41:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, February 2014

Composite leading indicators continue to point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 10 Feb 2014 08:58:00 GMT

Donors doing too little to strengthen domestic revenues in fragile states, OECD says

International donors are not doing enough to help fragile states increase their domestic revenue, according to a new OECD report that shows only a tiny fraction of development aid goes into programmes to improve tax collection.

Thu, 06 Feb 2014 12:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 4 February 2014

OECD annual inflation nudges up to 1.6% in December 2013

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 16:02:00 GMT

Launch of OECD report on mental health and work in the UK – London, Monday 10 February 2014

Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is an issue that has been neglected for too long, despite creating very high and increasing costs to people and society at large.

Tue, 04 Feb 2014 15:44:00 GMT

Australia: Local employment agencies should play a greater role in job creation, says OECD

Slower growth in key markets like China and India is reducing momentum across the Australian economy, cutting into employment opportunities and putting more pressure on the government to ensure that public policy delivers optimal results for growth and job creation.

Mon, 03 Feb 2014 23:00:00 GMT

France must do more to promote quality jobs for older workers, says OECD

Promoting quality employment for older workers is crucial to boosting growth and ensuring a financially sustainable pension system, according to a new OECD report on ageing and employment policies in France.

Thu, 30 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

French capital should prepare now for risk of a costly Seine flood

A major flooding of the Seine River similar to the flood disaster of 1910 could affect up to 5 million residents in the greater Paris area and cause up to 30 billion euros worth of damage, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

Switzerland needs to improve its approach to mental-health issues in the labour force, says OECD

Switzerland needs to do more to help people with mental disorders find a job or stay in work, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 23 Jan 2014 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Hungary launches Monday 27 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Hungary, to be published on Monday 27 January 2014, assesses the country’s exit from recession as well as steps that can be taken to boost its growth potential.

Wed, 22 Jan 2014 17:14:00 GMT

Employment situation, third quarter 2013, OECD

OECD employment rate nudges up to 65.2% in third quarter of 2013.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues continue to rise, but are low and varied among countries, according to new OECD-ECLAC-CIAT report

Tax revenues in Latin American countries continue to rise but are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries. Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2012 shows that Argentina and Brazil have the highest tax revenue to GDP ratio, while Guatemala and Dominican Republic stand at the lower end.

Mon, 20 Jan 2014 09:44:00 GMT

Mr Gurria strongly supports recently announced plans to revitalise the French economy

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría strongly supports President François Hollande’s recently announced measures to revitalise the French economy and set it on a path towards stronger growth.

Fri, 17 Jan 2014 13:09:00 GMT

OECD appoints new directors for economic policy

The OECD has appointed a former Portuguese economy minister and a high-level German government official to top leadership posts in the Economics Department, reinforcing its commitment to identifying and promoting policies that improve countries’ long-term economic performance.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Denmark launches Monday 20 January 2014

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Denmark, to be published on Monday 20 January 2014, assesses the country’s gradual recovery from the global economic crisis as well as the need for further structural reforms to boost productivity growth and maintain high levels of well-being among its population.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 12:01:00 GMT

Russian economy growing but further reforms needed, says OECD

The Russian Federation’s economy is growing, but further reforms are needed to bolster future growth, improve the business climate and strengthen innovation, according to the OECD.

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Contributions to GDP growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Stockbuilding main driver of OECD GDP growth in the third quarter of 2013

Wed, 15 Jan 2014 09:32:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: January 2014

OECD unemployment rate falls to 7.8% in November 2013.

Tue, 14 Jan 2014 08:46:00 GMT

Norway high up the aid donor table but could improve allocation

Norway gave USD 4.8 billion in official development assistance (ODA) in 2012, or 0.93 percent of its gross national income (GNI). That made it the third most-generous member in terms of its ODA/GNI ratio of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups major donors.

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:28:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLI), OECD, January 2014

Composite leading indicators point to an improving economic outlook in most advanced economies

Mon, 13 Jan 2014 09:22:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 9 January 2014

OECD annual inflation picks up to 1.5% in November 2013. This increase in the annual rate of inflation was mainly driven by energy prices which increased by 0.1% in the year to November, compared with a decrease of 1.3% in the year to October.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 09:15:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Russia launches in Moscow at the Gaidar Forum on Wednesday 15 January 2014

The OECD will launch its latest Economic Survey of the Russian Federation in Moscow on Wednesday 15 January 2014 during the annual Gaidar Forum.

Fri, 20 Dec 2013 11:08:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: December 2013

OECD Unit labour costs stable in the third quarter of 2013

Thu, 19 Dec 2013 17:49:00 GMT

Ireland must urgently apply more resources to enforce Anti-Bribery Convention, says OECD

Ireland should increase its resources to detect and investigate foreign bribery more efficiently. Resources have, in recent years, been largely devoted to investigating non-bribery cases in the financial sector. Ireland has not prosecuted a foreign bribery case in the twelve years since its foreign bribery offence came into force, and law enforcement has taken few proactive steps to investigate allegations.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Spain’s labour market reforms on track but more assistance needed for young jobseekers, says OECD

Spain has taken courageous steps to strengthen its labour market. Recent reforms have helped create jobs and should further boost competitiveness and employment in the years to come. But additional efforts are needed to boost competition in product markets and to improve assistance to job seekers, particularly young people, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 18 Dec 2013 10:30:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery report on Ireland launches Wednesday 18 December 2013

The OECD Working Group on Bribery will release a report tomorrow Wednesday 18 December at 12.00 CET/11.00 Dublin time on Ireland’s efforts to fight foreign bribery.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 17:38:00 GMT

OECD to release Review of Spain’s Labour Market Reforms

The OECD will release a review of Spain’s 2012 labour market reform at a press conference in Madrid at 10.30 AM on Wednesday 18 December 2013.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 14:36:00 GMT

Tax revenues continue to rise across the OECD

Tax revenues continue bouncing back from the low levels reported in almost all countries during 2008 and 2009, at the height of the global economic crisis, according to new OECD data in the annual Revenue Statistics publication. The average tax revenue to GDP ratio in OECD countries was 34.6% in 2012, compared with 34.1% in 2011 and 33.8% in 2010.

Tue, 17 Dec 2013 11:00:00 GMT

G20 GDP Growth - Third quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

G20 GDP growth picks up to 0.9% in third quarter of 2013; up from 0.8% recorded in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 18:12:00 GMT

Sweden has excellent health care but must improve care co-ordination, says OECD

Sweden’s health and elderly care systems deserve their reputation as being among the best in the world. Yet an ageing population with growing chronic conditions and requiring more complex health services are testing Sweden’s ability to continue delivering high-quality care, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 08:14:00 GMT

Israel’s economy growing strongly but further efforts needed to improve living standards, says OECD

Israel’s economy is in good shape, but further efforts are needed to fight poverty and close the gap in living standards with other leading nations, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel.

Sun, 08 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

Rethink regional and city policies for inclusive growth - Chair’s Summary from ministerial meeting

Ministers from 25 countries closed their meeting on regions and cities in Marseille, France today with a call on national governments to rethink their territorial development policies in order to create more dynamic and inclusive economic growth and to improve the wellbeing of all citizens regardless of where they live.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 15:46:00 GMT

OECD saddened by the passing of Nelson Mandela: Remains committed to his legacy

OECD Secretary-General, Angel Gurría, said that it was with a heavy heart and a debt of gratitude that the world was bidding farewell to Nelson Mandela.

Fri, 06 Dec 2013 09:32:00 GMT

Aix-Marseille at the crossroads: Overcoming fragmentation for a stronger metropolitan area

The metropolitan region of Aix-Marseille in the south of France needs to tackle its fragmentated governance if it is to return to more inclusive and sustainable economic growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Improved multi-level governance key to tackling widening regional inequalities and ensuring inclusive recovery

The economic crisis has hit certain regions and cities harder than others in the OECD area, calling for better regional policies across levels of governments to foster an inclusive and sustainable recovery, according to two new OECD reports.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Asian countries top OECD’s latest PISA survey on state of global education

Asian countries outperform the rest of the world in the OECD’s latest PISA survey, which evaluates the knowledge and skills of the world’s 15-year-olds. PISA 2012 tested more than 510,000 students in 65 countries and economies on maths, reading and science. The main focus was on maths.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 17:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Israel launches Sunday 8 December 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Israel, to be published on Sunday 8 December 2013, details the fundamental strengths of the Israeli economy as well as the challenges to maintaining sustainable growth over the long-term.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:04:00 GMT

South Africa shows good progress on environment, must keep up pace

In the two decades since apartheid ended, South Africa has made impressive strides to catch up with – and in some cases surpass -- the developed world’s environmental standards.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Slovenia joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Slovenia has become the 29th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 03 Dec 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Making fiscal decentralisation work

Hundreds of thousands of elected sub-national governments worldwide provide services and levy taxes on residents and companies.

Mon, 02 Dec 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD identifies hundreds of competition-distorting rules and provisions

An 11-month investigation by the OECD in cooperation with the Greek authorities has identified a wide range of regulations and legal provisions that undermine competition.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Greece: Structural reforms under way but more progress needed in boosting market dynamism

Greece has made impressive headway in consolidating its public finances and undertaking key structural reforms to boost productivity and enhance competitiveness.

Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Pension reforms on track but the challenges of adequacy and inequality in old age remain, says OECD

Recent reforms of pension systems have helped to contain the rise in future costs resulting from ageing populations and increasing life expectancy. Governments now need to do more to encourage people to work longer and save more for their retirement to ensure that benefits are adequate enough to maintain standards of living into old-age.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Forum moves towards automatic exchange of tax information and transparency

The international community has taken new steps to strengthen transparency and boost the comprehensive exchange of information between governments worldwide.

Fri, 22 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A boost to transparency and international tax co-operation

International efforts to combat tax evasion and avoidance got a boost today as additional countries and jurisdictions agreed to join more than 60 other countries in tax co-operation through a key multilateral tax instrument during the first day of a global meeting in Jakarta, Indonesia.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Major brake in health spending growth as governments cut budgets in the crisis, says OECD

Total health spending has fallen in one of three OECD countries between 2009 and 2011, with those hardest hit by the crisis most affected. This is a sharp reversal from the strong growth in the years prior to the crisis, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Nov 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy recovering at moderate pace but more risks ahead, says OECD

The global economy is expected to continue expanding at a moderate pace over the coming two years, but policymakers must ensure that instability in financial markets and underlying fragility in some major economies are not allowed to derail growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 19 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

GDP Growth - Third Quarter 2013, Quarterly National Accounts, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly real gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area increased by 0.5% in the third quarter of 2013, the same rate as in the previous quarter.

Mon, 18 Nov 2013 16:34:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Switzerland launches Thursday 21 November 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Switzerland, to be published on Thursday 21 November 2013, assesses the country’s strong recent performance, its short-term outlook and the policy challenges it faces in the longer term. The Survey also looks at what Switzerland can do to meet environmental targets while maintaining energy security, to boost productivity and to better integrate women into the workforce.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 14:11:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General welcomes Liechtenstein’s moves toward transparency

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria welcomed today Liechtenstein’s announcement of plans to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters and take further steps to increase transparency and international co-operation.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Governments can do more to regain trust, says OECD report

The global economic crisis has undermined trust in government. Today only four out of ten citizens in OECD countries say they have confidence in their national authorities. Not surprisingly, trust declined in the countries hit hardest by the crisis, such as Ireland, Greece, Slovenia and Portugal.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 09:00:00 GMT

France : Reinforcing competitiveness is key to boosting jobs and growth

Improving France’s competitiveness is essential to boost the economic growth needed to create jobs and allow citizens and businesses to develop their full potential, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 14 Nov 2013 00:05:00 GMT

Hungary deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Hungary’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation after it became the 61st signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Tue, 12 Nov 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Measuring government performance – new report launches 9.00 a.m. Thursday 14 November

The global economic crisis has shaken public confidence in governments.The OECD’s latest Government at a Glance report looks at what governments can do to improve their effectiveness and efficiency while meeting the needs of citizens. It provides a dashboard of more than 50 indicators measuring government performance across the 34 member countries of the OECD.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD to launch PISA test for schools in England in 2014

Individual secondary schools in England will from next year be able to take a version of the OECD’s PISA test in order to benchmark themselves against the world’s best education systems.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Andorra deepens commitment to fight offshore tax avoidance and evasion

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Andorra’s steps to strengthen international tax co-operation, after it became the 60th signatory to the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 15:30:00 GMT

OECD report measures human cost of crisis; underlines need to invest in well-being

The global economic crisis has had a profound impact on people’s well-being, reaching far beyond the loss of jobs and income, and affecting citizens’ satisfaction with their lives and their trust in governments, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Azerbaijan should be more proactive against corruption

Azerbaijan must do more to enforce recently introduced anti-corruption laws and to ensure law enforcement has the resources to prosecute complex corruption crimes, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 17:24:00 GMT

Georgia should strengthen civil service and independent judiciary to build on anti-corruption progress

Georgia has achieved significant progress in reducing corruption over the past decade. To build on this progress, the Government should focus on strengthening its professional civil service and ensure independence of the judiciary, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 31 Oct 2013 16:43:00 GMT

Improving detection and treatment would cut cancer death rates significantly, says OECD

Earlier detection and better treatment for cancer would cut death rates from the disease by around a third, saving the lives of nearly a million people in the developed world every year, according to a new report by the OECD prepared with the support of the European Commission, building on earlier World Health Organisation research.

Wed, 30 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombia’s accession process

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today formally launched Colombia’s accession process with Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Improving innovation policy and ensuring good governance would help raise living standards in Colombia, OECD says

Good public policies are central to well-functioning economies. Better policies on innovation, combined with high-quality regulations and a more efficient public administration, can help Colombia create jobs, boost economic growth and support development, according to three new OECD reports.

Fri, 25 Oct 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Chile strengthening international tax co-operation, OECD says

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomed today Chile’s recent steps to strengthen international tax co-operation.

Thu, 24 Oct 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Chile should continue strengthening growth and well-being, says OECD

Sound macroeconomic policies and the commodity boom have helped Chile record an enviable period of economic growth and job creation. Further reforms are needed to make the labour market more inclusive and growth greener, while more could be done to support innovation and entrepreneurship, according to the latest OECD Economic Survey of Chile.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 23:30:00 GMT

OECD formally launches Colombian accession process in Bogotá on 25 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will formally launch Colombia’s OECD accession process during a public event in Bogotá on 25 October 2013 with President Juan Manuel Santos and members of his government in Bogotá. While in Bogotá, Mr Gurría will also present new OECD analysis on improving Colombia’s economy and business environment.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Support for young firms would boost job creation, says OECD

Young firms play a crucial role in job creation but have missed out on many of the benefits of structural reforms of the past decade in OECD countries.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazilian economy is expanding again but long-term challenges remain, says OECD

Brazil has moved up the ranks of the world’s largest economies while making economic growth ever more inclusive.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 21:07:00 GMT

Poland joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee

Poland has become the 28th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Brazil should continue efforts to boost education and improve young people’s job prospects

Brazil’s strong economic growth has helped cut the youth unemployment rate over the past decade to levels below those of most OECD countries. Increased investment in education and vocational training is also helping young people get a foot in the jobs market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 Oct 2013 13:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes Brazil’s commitment to improving education and playing greater role in PISA Programme

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría today welcomed Brazil’s further engagement with the Organisation’s world-leading global education assessment programme (PISA) during a signing ceremony in Brasilia with Brazil’s Minister for Education Aloízio Mercadante.

Mon, 21 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Santiago on 23-24 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will visit Santiago on 23-24 October. Mr Gurría will present a major report on the Chilean economy, hold meetings with President Sebastián Piñera and his government, deliver two major addresses and participate in a signing ceremony marking Chile’s adherence to an international convention on mutual administrative assistance in tax matters.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 19:00:00 GMT

News conferences with OECD Secretary-General in Brasilia on 22 October 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present two new major publications on Brazil during news conferences on 22 October in Brasilia. He will also hold a series of high-level meetings with Brazilian government officials.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 17:00:00 GMT

Innovation, diversification and better logistics key to sustainable and inclusive growth, says latest Latin American Economic Outlook

After a decade of relatively strong growth, Latin America is facing headwinds associated with declining trade, a moderation in commodity prices and increasing uncertainty over external financial conditions, according to the latest Latin American Economic Outlook jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre, the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (UN ECLAC) and CAF - Development Bank of Latin America.

Fri, 18 Oct 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica adheres to OECD instruments during visit by OECD Secretary-General

Costa Rica adhered today to OECD legal instruments on Internet governance and international business conduct, demonstrating its willingness to align its policies to best practices in these areas and work together with the Organisation.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría comments on U.S. debt agreement

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said that while OECD countries breathed a sigh of relief following the U.S. Congress’ steps to lift the debt ceiling and to end the partial federal government shutdown a longer term solution will need to be found.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 18:58:00 GMT

New Zealand not immune from foreign bribery, says OECD

New Zealand must significantly increase its efforts to detect, investigate and prosecute foreign bribery. Since joining the Convention over 12 years ago, New Zealand has not prosecuted any cases of foreign bribery and only four allegations have surfaced to date. Outdated perceptions that New Zealand individuals and companies do not bribe may have also undermined detection efforts.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Despite certain progress, the OECD remains concerned with Russia’s compliance with key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Russia has yet to address key provisions of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, which entered into force in Russia in April 2012. It has not yet fully implemented recommendations for strengthening its framework for combating foreign bribery and should be more proactive in detecting, investigating and prosecuting foreign bribery cases.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Belgium should address “flagrant” lack of resources for fighting foreign bribery, says OECD

Fighting foreign bribery is not a priority in Belgium. Together with the flagrant lack of resources for Belgian law enforcement authorities, this has resulted in very few foreign bribery investigations and prosecutions. In the 14 years since the entry into force of the foreign bribery offence in Belgium, only one case of bribery of foreign public officials has been concluded.

Thu, 17 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Latvia’s membership

The OECD has set out a path for Latvia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing a commitment to extend its global membership.

Wed, 16 Oct 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Switzerland signs Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

Switzerland has become the 58th country to sign the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters during a ceremony at the OECD.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s chemical hazard assessment programme to shift focus

The OECD is to review its chemical hazard assessment programme with the aim of providing a more specialised service for member countries from 2015.

Tue, 15 Oct 2013 11:50:00 GMT

Reform R&D tax systems to boost innovation and help young firms, says OECD

Most OECD governments use tax incentives to encourage businesses to invest in research and development (R&D) to boost innovation and drive economic growth. Others, like China, India and South Africa, are doing the same. But reforming these incentives would give countries a better return on their investment and support young innovative firms that play a crucial role in job creation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 10 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

Boosting skills essential for tackling joblessness and improving well-being, says OECD

The low-skilled are more likely than others to be unemployed, have bad health and earn much less, according to the first OECD Survey of Adult Skills. Countries with greater inequality in skills proficiency also have higher income inequality.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emerging Asian economies expected to remain resilient but structural reform critical, says new Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India

The economic outlook for Emerging Asia (Southeast Asia, China and India) remains robust over the medium term, anchored by the steady rise in domestic demand, according to a new report from the OECD Development Centre.

Mon, 07 Oct 2013 12:21:00 GMT

Climate Change Lecture by OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría in London on Wednesday 9 October

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will present a major address on the Organisation’s latest analysis of climate change, investment and energy policies in London on Wednesday 9 October, at 10:30am.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Press Conference: Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia 2014

Press Conference for the Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India: Beyond Middle-income Trap 2014. Tuesday, 8 October 2013, Brunei (3:00 pm).

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Sweden is a generous aid donor that has put development at the heart of its foreign policy

Sweden delivered USD 5.24 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.99% of its gross national income (GNI). It is the second most generous member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors, when ODA is measured on a GNI basis.

Wed, 02 Oct 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica signs OECD agreement to boost investment

Costa Rica today became the 45th country to adhere to an OECD international investment instrument, designed to help the country attract more and better foreign investment and promote responsible business conduct.

Mon, 30 Sep 2013 17:00:00 GMT

England should expand provision of postsecondary vocational programmes, says OECD

England should expand the provision of postsecondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of students and employers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 23 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD sets out roadmap for Colombia’s Membership

The OECD set out a clear path for Colombia’s accession to the Organisation, reinforcing its commitment to further extend its global membership to include more emerging economies.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 14:36:00 GMT

OECD countries address the safety of manufactured nanomaterials

The OECD has recommended its Member Countries apply existing international and national chemical regulatory frameworks to manage the risks associated with manufactured nanomaterials.

Fri, 20 Sep 2013 11:55:00 GMT

The Slovak Republic joins the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC)

The Slovak Republic has become the 27th member of the OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC), the leading international forum for bilateral providers of development co-operation.

Tue, 17 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Support to agriculture rising after hitting historic lows, OECD says

Government support for agriculture in the world’s leading farming nations rose during 2012, bucking a long-term downward trend and reversing historic lows recorded in 2011, according to the latest version of an annual OECD report.

Mon, 16 Sep 2013 09:34:00 GMT

Irish recovery underway, but more inclusive growth and job creation needed, says OECD

Ireland’s economy is now showing encouraging signs of recovery from the financial crisis, but more must be done to reinvigorate growth and create the jobs that will get the country back to full health, according to the OECD.

Thu, 12 Sep 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Ireland launches Thursday 12 September 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland, to be published on Thursday 12 September 2013, assesses the country’s emergence from the economic crisis and the state of its continuing recovery.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 15:35:00 GMT

Leaders endorse new G20/OECD principles on long-term investment financing

G20 Leaders today endorsed an OECD-launched initiative to encourage the flow of institutional investment towards longer-term assets, such as infrastructure and renewable energy projects, in order to strengthen the global economy.

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 14:00:00 GMT

G20 countries step up action to help consumers make informed financial decisions

The financial crisis has shown that many people need to have a better understanding of the financial issues in order to make informed decisions on matters such as savings, investments, pensions and credit, according to a report to be presented to G20 leaders in Saint Petersburg this week.

Thu, 05 Sep 2013 09:00:00 GMT

The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report to be launchedMonday 9 September 9:15 – 17:30 in Rotterdam, the Netherlands

What: A new OECD report, The Competitiveness of Global Port-Cities; Synthesis Report, outlines the role of ports in urban and national economies. The report provides policy recommendations to increase the positive economic impacts and mitigate negative impacts related to environment, land use and traffic congestion.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 10:16:00 GMT

Advanced economies growing again but some emerging economies slowing, says OECD

A moderate recovery is underway in the major advanced economies, according to the OECD’s latest Interim Economic Assessment. Growth is proceeding at encouraging rates in North America, Japan and the UK. The euro area as a whole is out of recession, although output remains weak in a number of countries.

Tue, 03 Sep 2013 12:08:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

China joins international efforts to end tax evasion

China signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters at a ceremony today at the OECD. All G20 countries have now fulfilled the commitment they made at the Cannes G20 Summit to sign the Convention and move towards automatic exchange of information as the new, global standard.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 16:45:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Interim Economic Assessment

The OECD will present its Interim Assessment of the major economies, including near-term projections for G7 countries and China, at 11:00 a.m. Paris time (09:00 GMT) on Tuesday 3 September 2013.

Tue, 27 Aug 2013 15:29:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

OECD appoints new Deputy Secretary-General

William C. Danvers has been appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD. He will take up his functions early in September.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on Tax Transparency: New reports review jurisdictions’ information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has released peer review reports assessing the tax systems of 13 jurisdictions for information exchange.

Wed, 31 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

La OCDE Acoge el Plan de Chile Para Mejorar el Índice de Precios al Consumidor

La OCDE acoge el plan de Chile para mejorar la metodología de cálculo de su Índice de Precios al Consumidor (IPC).

Tue, 23 Jul 2013 17:24:00 GMT

OECD calls on G20 finance ministers to support next steps in clampdown on tax avoidance

The OECD today presented to G20 finance ministers plans for a two-pronged attack on tax avoidance and evasion from both companies and individuals.

Sat, 20 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Closing tax gaps - OECD launches Action Plan on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting

National tax laws have not kept pace with the globalisation of corporations and the digital economy, leaving gaps that can be exploited by multi-national corporations to artificially reduce their taxes.

Fri, 19 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD, ILO call on G20 labour ministers to reinforce cooperation

Joint statement by ILO Director-General Guy Ryder and OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría on the occasion of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting, Moscow, 18-19 July 2013

Wed, 17 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Unemployment set to remain high in OECD countries through 2014 – youth and low-skilled hit hardest

Unemployment in OECD countries will remain high through 2014, with young people and the low-skilled hit hardest, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 16 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР и МОТ публикуют обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда накануне совещания министров труда и занятости стран Группы двадцати в Москве

В преддверии совещания министров труда стран Группы двадцати в Москве МОТ и ОЭСР представят обновленные данные о ситуации на рынках труда этих стран.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 15:44:00 GMT

OECD and ILO to release labour market update ahead of G20 Labour Ministerial in Moscow

The OECD and the International Labour Organisation (ILO) will publish updated G20 labour market data on Wednesday 17 July 2013 ahead of the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meeting in Moscow.

Mon, 15 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Business start-up rates remain sluggish, new OECD data shows

Business start-up rates remain below pre-crisis levels – particularly in the Euro area – indicating that entrepreneurs may continue to be suffering from restrictive lending conditions, according to new OECD data released in the latest issue of Entrepreneurship at a Glance.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 12:00:00 GMT

More competition essential for future of mobile innovation, says OECD

OECD countries must ensure mobile markets remain open and competitive in order to sustain innovation and meet rising demand for data services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Launch of OECD's Employment Outlook 2013 - Paris, Tuesday 16 July 2013

Ahead of the G20 Labour Ministers’ Meeting in Moscow on 17 July, the OECD will release the Employment Outlook 2013 at 11.00 CET/Paris time on Tuesday 16 July 2013.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 16:48:00 GMT

OECD: Postsecondary education key to maintaining global standing of U.S. workforce

The United States should improve postsecondary career and technical training provisions to help students transition smoothly into education programs and the labor market, according to a new OECD report published today.

Wed, 10 Jul 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Harmonised Unemployment Rates (HURs), OECD - Updated: July 2013

The OECD unemployment rate was stable at 8.0% in April 2013, unchanged from the previous month.

Tue, 09 Jul 2013 08:24:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Working Group on Bribery Elects New Chair

The OECD Working Group on Bribery has designated Slovenian national Drago Kos to serve as the Group’s new Chair.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, July 2013

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to diverging patterns across major economies. The CLIs point to moderate improvements in growth in most major OECD economies but in large emerging economies the CLIs point towards stabilising or slowing momentum.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

France - a good donor but must ensure that poor countries get the aid they need

France’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) was USD 12.1 billion in 2012, making it the 4th largest member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee in terms of the volume of aid. However, this represents 0.46% of French Gross National Income (GNI) – below France’s international commitment. The review recommends that France plan to reach the 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio as soon as possible.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Advanced vocational training in Germany provides sought-after skills but needs compulsory standards in teaching and examination

The transition from school to work in Germany is remarkably smooth. An excellent vocational education and training (VET) system ensures that young people are well-prepared when they enter the labour market and can find jobs that match their qualifications.

Fri, 05 Jul 2013 10:15:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - Contributions to GDP growth - First quarter 2013, OECD

Real GDP in the OECD area rose by 0.4% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with flat growth registered in the previous quarter. Private consumption was the main contributor to overall GDP growth with 0.3 percentage point, while net exports and stockbuilding contributed 0.1 percentage point each.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD report on vocational training in Austria calls for continued diversity and increased co-ordination

There are few OECD countries where vocational education and training (VET) is held in such high regard or takes so many forms as in Austria. Some 60 percent of young Austrians aged between 25 and 34 have completed a VET course below tertiary level (vocational school or technical college).

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 15:19:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Austrian economy recovering, but trade-offs on the horizon, OECD says

Austria has achieved high levels of economic growth and well-being, but must address serious demographic, environmental and globalisation challenges if future generations are to share the same prosperity, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Austria.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 2 July 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.5% in the year to May 2013 compared with 1.3% in the year to April 2013.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Health spending continues to stagnate, says OECD

After falling sharply in 2010, health spending remained flat across OECD countries in 2011 as the economic crisis continued to have an impact, particularly in those European countries hardest hit by the crisis, according to OECD Health Data 2013.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Value of education rises in crisis but investment in this area is falling, says OECD

The jobs gap between well-educated young people and those who left school early has continued to widen during the crisis. A good education is the best insurance against a lack of work experience, according to the latest edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Norway should improve incentives to encourage people to work longer, says OECD

Norway is better placed to cope with population ageing than most other countries. But it could still do more to improve incentives and opportunities for people to stay working longer which would help ensure the country’s long-term future, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 16:03:00 GMT

Do lobbyists have too much influence?

Do lobbyists have too much influence?OECD headquarters, Paris27 June 2013

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Better civil justice systems can boost investment, competition, innovation and growth, OECD says

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Norge bør styrke insentivene til å jobbe lengre for eldre arbeidstakere, sier OECD

Norge er bedre rustet til å møte aldringen av befolkningen enn de fleste andre land. Mer kan likevel gjøres for å øke mulighetene og insentivene til å jobbe lenger, og dermed styrke landets langsiktige utvikling, ifølge en ny rapport fra OECD.

Fri, 21 Jun 2013 09:00:00 GMT

System of unit labour cost, OECD - Updated: June 2013

Unit labour costs (ULCs) in OECD countries decreased by 0.1% in the first quarter of 2013, compared with a rise of 1.1% in the fourth quarter of 2012. This was driven by lower growth of labour compensation per unit of labour input (0.3% compared with 0.9% in the previous quarter), and increased labour productivity growth (0.4% compared with minus 0.2%).

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 16:16:00 GMT

Portugal needs proactive enforcement to tackle severe foreign bribery risks, says OECD

Portugal’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low. Not a single prosecution has resulted from 15 allegations of Portuguese companies bribing foreign officials in high-risk countries.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Poland needs strategy to meet growing risk of foreign bribery

The current Polish framework for fighting foreign bribery is still inadequate to fully meet foreign bribery risks resulting from Poland’s growing economy, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on health spending in Brussels on 26 June 2013

Public spending on health and long-term care has been rising faster than GDP in the OECD area for several decades. New OECD research suggests that the upward trend now also extends to major emerging economies - Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa.

Wed, 19 Jun 2013 14:30:00 GMT

OECD’s Education at a Glance 2013 to be published Tuesday 25 June

The 2013 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 25 June 2013.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD reports to G8 on global system of automatic exchange of tax information

The OECD has presented to G8 leaders the steps needed to create a fairer and more transparent global tax system.

Tue, 18 Jun 2013 00:01:00 GMT

We must take better care of the elderly, say OECD and the European Commission

The number of people over 80 will double by 2050 rising from 3.9% of the population to 9.1% in 2050 across OECD countries and from 4.7% to 11.3% across 27 EU members. Estimates are that up to half of them will need help to cope with their daily needs. Yet even today governments are struggling to deliver high-quality care to elderly people with reduced physical and mental abilities, says a new OECD/EC report, A good life in old age? .

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to present new work on civil justice systems in Rome on 21 June 2013

Well-functioning judicial systems play a crucial role in determining economic performance – notably by guaranteeing the security of property rights and the enforcement of contracts – but not all countries’ judiciaries operate at the same level of efficiency.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Migration picking up but rising unemployment hurting immigrants

Migration has started to pick up again, driven largely by people moving within the European Union, after three years of continuous decline during the crisis. But the employment prospects for immigrants have worsened, with around one in two unemployed immigrants in Europe still looking for work after more than 12 months, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 11:01:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2013, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew by 0.7% in the first quarter of 2013 compared with 0.6% in the previous quarter, according to preliminary estimates. However, the aggregate G20 GDP growth rate continues to mask diverging patterns across the world’s largest economies.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD to present work on global food security and agricultural innovation in Brussels Wednesday 19 June 2013, during a seminar hosted by CEPS, from 12h30 to 14h30

Around 850 million people worldwide are undernourished, mostly living on less than a dollar a day. Two-thirds of the world’s poor live in rural areas where farming is the principal economic activity.

Wed, 12 Jun 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Mexico must invest more in disaster risk prevention to support sustainable development

Mexico regularly faces a wide range of natural hazards, including earthquakes, tropical storms and floods. Over the years, the National Civil Protection System has improved its institutional and operational preparedness to manage these disruptive events. But more can be done to avoid future losses and at the same time support sustainable economic development.

Tue, 11 Jun 2013 16:30:00 GMT

OECD-FAO预计全球农业生产增速放缓

OECD和FAO发布的新报告指出,预计未来十年全球农业生产年平均增长率为1.5%,与之相比,2003年到2012年的年增长率为2.1%。

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

OECD-FAO expect slower global agricultural production growth

Global agricultural production is expected to grow 1.5% a year on average over the coming decade, compared with annual growth of 2.1% between 2003 and 2012, according to a new report published by the OECD and FAO today.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 03:30:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook to be released 6 June – news conference in Beijing

How will global agriculture develop over the coming decade and what role will China play? With limited expansion of farmland and rising production costs, will supply be able to keep pace with demand to ensure food security?

Mon, 03 Jun 2013 11:57:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to action plan to tackle youth joblessness

OECD governments have committed to stepping up their efforts to tackle high youth unemployment and strengthen their education systems to better prepare young people for the world of work.

Thu, 30 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of New Zealand launches Wednesday 5 June 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of New Zealand, to be published on Wednesday 5 June 2013, looks at how the country can build on its growing economic momentum and create more equitable and sustainable long-term growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 17:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

Global economy advancing but pace of recovery varies, says OECD Economic Outlook

The global economy is moving forward, but divergence between countries and regions reflects the uneven progress made toward recovery from the economic crisis, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. Historically high unemployment remains the most serious challenge facing governments.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Austria, Luxembourg and Singapore among countries signing-on to end tax secrecy

As a further sign of international efforts to crack down on tax offenders, 12 more countries have signed, or committed to sign, the OECD’s Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters. In addition, another 6 countries have ratified the Convention.

Wed, 29 May 2013 09:00:00 GMT

ОЭСР выпускает в свет версию 3.0 «Индекса лучшей жизни»: удовлетворенность жизнью, здоровье и образование возглавляют рейтинг

Организация Экономического Сотрудничества и Развития (ОЭСР) представляет версию 3.0 новаторского Индекса лучшей жизни (www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org ) – интерактивного онлайн-инструмента, который позволяет создать собственный индекс лучшей жизни в соответствии с приоритетностью каждого из 11 аспектов, которые ОЭСР определила как важнейшие составляющие благосостояния.

Tue, 28 May 2013 20:54:00 GMT

OECD launches Better Life Index 3.0: Life satisfaction, health, education top list

The OECD today launched a 3.0 version of its pioneering Better Life Index, an interactive tool that allows people to create their own index according to their priorities in 11 areas that the OECD has identified as essential for well-being. The updated version contains the latest underlying statistics, country data, user findings and a translation into Spanish.

Tue, 28 May 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Statistics: Experts to continue work of Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on measuring progress

A High Level Expert Group is to be set up to continue the work of the Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi Commission on Measuring Economic Performance and Social Progress.

Tue, 28 May 2013 15:23:00 GMT

New approach to globalisation and global value chains needed to boost growth and jobs, says OECD

Technological advances, less costly shipping and trade liberalisation have transformed the way in which companies make products and distribute them worldwide. Governments that become more open to trade and investment, and encourage innovation will help firms better integrate the global value chains that are driving growth in increasingly interconnected economies, according to new OECD research.

Tue, 28 May 2013 12:27:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Thu, 23 May 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released at OECD Forum - Wednesday 29 May 2013

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Wednesday 29 May 2012.

Wed, 22 May 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Russia: Progress made in improving the quality of official statistics but challenges remain

Russia’s official statistics are compiled with a high a degree of professionalism and now have a solid legal basis, but their scope, timeliness and international comparability needs to be improved, according to an initial assessment by the OECD.

Wed, 22 May 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Quarterly National Accounts - GDP Growth - First Quarter 2013, OECD

Provisional estimates show that quarterly gross domestic product (GDP) in the OECD area fell by 0.2% in the fourth quarter of 2012, after a 0.3% increase in the previous quarter. This is the first contraction of GDP in the OECD area since the very sharp decline in the first quarter of 2009 (minus 2.3%).

Tue, 21 May 2013 10:15:00 GMT

Tax Commissioners unite to fight tax fraud

The Forum on Tax Administration - Tax Commissioners from 45 countries - has been meeting in Moscow for the past two days. And released this comuniqué.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Secretary General to participate in ITF Summit 22 May 2013 in Leipzig

The OECD will present its latest work on achieving sustainable transportation during the International Transport Forum’s annual Summit on Wednesday 22 May 2013 in Leipzig, Germany.

Wed, 15 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Mexico launches Thursday 16 May 2013

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Mexico, to be published on Thursday 16 May 2013, looks at how structural reforms carried out over the past few years have improved the country’s economic performance and increased its resilience in the face of external shocks.

Wed, 15 May 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Forum on Tax Administration

Ritz Carlton, Moscow, 16 – 17 May 2013

Tue, 14 May 2013 14:04:00 GMT

Growing risk of inequality and poverty as crisis hits the poor hardest

Income inequality increased by more in the first three years of the crisis to the end of 2010 than it had in the previous twelve years, before factoring in the effect of taxes and transfers on income, according to new OECD data.

Tue, 14 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Rotterdam/Amsterdam: competing in the global economy

Monday 13th May 2013, 14:30 – 15:30Hotel New York, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Fri, 10 May 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Portuguese Prime Minister to visit OECD

Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho addressed the OECD Council of Ambassadors and met with senior OECD officials to discuss ways to boost productivity, improve skills and create jobs, and the role of the state in supporting inclusive growth.

Thu, 09 May 2013 18:19:00 GMT

Australia: Can deliver a growing aid budget effectively and efficiently

Australia delivered USD 5.44 billion in official development assistance (ODA) last year, or 0.36% of its gross national income. It is the eighth most generous country in the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC), which groups the world’s major donors. Australia’s goal is to reach 0.5% of GNI by 2017 – a goal the DAC encourages it to follow through on, given its good track record and relatively strong economy.

Mon, 06 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Korea should boost support for laid-off workers

Korea should strengthen its social safety net and improve support for laid-off workers to help them find a new job more quickly, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 18:04:00 GMT

Italia: il nuovo Governo deve proseguire sulla scia delle recenti riforme

L'Italia ha compiuto notevoli progressi rafforzando le finanze pubbliche e adottando una vasta serie di riforme destinate ad incoraggiare la crescita economica. Secondo un nuovo rapporto dell'OCSE, il nuovo Governo deve garantire il rafforzamento di tali progressi e il perseguimento della medesima strada.

Thu, 02 May 2013 16:13:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Belgium launches Tuesday 7 May 2013 in Brussels

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Belgium, to be published on Tuesday 7 May 2013, looks at the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis and actions that can help it boost growth and create jobs.

Thu, 02 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Italy: New government must build on recent reforms

Italy has made considerable progress in strengthening its public finances and adopting wide-ranging reforms to boost economic growth. The new government must build on past achievements and ensure that they are sustained and reinforced, says a new OECD report.

Thu, 02 May 2013 10:00:00 GMT

The OECD awards first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows for education quality and equity

The OECD has named four researchers as the first Thomas J. Alexander Fellows: João Galvão Bacchetto, of Brazil; Przemysław Biecek of Poland; Gabriela Miranda Moriconi of Brazil; and William Schmidt of the United States.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 16:23:00 GMT

Увеличение вложений в инфраструктуру и инновации поможет значительно расширить аграрный сектор Казахстана, согласно ОЭСР

Повышение конкурентоспособности казахстанского аграрного сектора, как часть более широкой задачи диверсификации национальной экономики, требует увеличения инвестиций в транспортную инфраструктуру, аграрную науку, развитие систем безопасности продовольствия, говорится в только что опубликованном обзоре ОЭСР.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

Kazakhstan can boost farm sector with investment in infrastructure and innovation, says OECD

Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 06:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of Italy – Thursday 2 May 2013, Rome

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Italy, to be published on Thursday 2 May 2013, looks at the challenges facing the new government and at the steps which need to be taken to strengthen public finances, boost growth and reduce unemployment.

Fri, 26 Apr 2013 17:31:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Reforms essential to make Ireland’s pension system fairer

Ireland should make its pension system simpler and fairer so that everyone gets sufficient income for a decent standard of living in retirement, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Japan is poised for expansion but must curb government debt

Japan is poised for an economic expansion, but long-term growth prospects remain contingent on additional efforts to revitalise the economy and reduce unsustainable levels of public debt, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan.

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Financing small business: a key to economic recovery

Access to finance remains a key challenge for small and medium-sized enterprises and a stumbling block to recovery in most countries, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:55:00 GMT

OECD reports new developments in tax information exchange

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurria has presented a report to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors that highlights measures to ensure that all taxpayers pay their fair share.

Fri, 19 Apr 2013 18:30:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Japan launches Tuesday 23 April 2013 in Tokyo

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Japan, to be published on Tuesday 23 April 2013, discusses how the country can best meet the challenges of restoring public finances and boosting growth.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Denmark: good hospitals but primary health care must improve

The Danish central government and regions are leading international efforts to reform hospital systems, improving quality and safety by gathering specialists into major hospitals and closing smaller ones.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Strengthen evaluation to improve student learning, says OECD

Education systems around the world are increasingly measuring the performance of teachers and schools as part of their drive to help students do better and improve results. Rising demand for higher education standards and a trend towards greater school autonomy in some countries are among the factors behind this new focus, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 16:30:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency shifts focus to effectiveness of information exchange

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes (referred to as "the Global Forum"), has released its peer review reports for Belize, Finland, Iceland, Nauru, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and Turkey.

Thu, 11 Apr 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Malaysia joins OECD agreement on mutual acceptance of chemical safety data

Malaysia has joined the OECD system for the Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) in the Assessment of Chemicals, ensuring that its non-clinical safety data related to the protection of human health and the environment will be accepted by all 40 countries adhering to MAD.

Wed, 10 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Slovenia to be released Tuesday 9 April 2013

The OECD’s latest economic survey of Slovenia – to be published on Tuesday 9 April 2013 - looks at the action needed to pull the country out of recession and tackle the banking crisis. It also looks at improving public finances and strengthening growth over the long term.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 14:43:00 GMT

Costa Rica refuerza la transparencia fiscal

Costa Rica ha depositado su instrumento de ratificación del Convenio sobre asistencia administrativa mutua en el ámbito de la fiscalidad, el acuerdo multilateral más amplio que existe en lo referente a cooperación fiscal e intercambio de información.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Costa Rica strengthens tax transparency

Rica has deposited its instrument of ratification of the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, the most comprehensive multilateral agreement available for tax-cooperation and exchange of information.

Fri, 05 Apr 2013 13:00:00 GMT

Aid to poor countries slips further as governments tighten budgets

Development aid fell by 4% in real terms in 2012, following a 2% fall in 2011. The continuing financial crisis and euro zone turmoil has led several governments to tighten their budgets, which has had a direct impact on aid to poor countries. There is also a noticeable shift in aid away from the poorest countries and towards middle-income countries. A moderate recovery in aid levels is expected in 2013.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Consumer Prices, OECD - Updated: 3 April 2013

Consumer prices in the OECD area rose by 1.8% in the year to February 2013, compared with 1.7% in the year to January 2013. This slight increase in the annual rate of inflation masks opposing movements in energy and food prices.

Wed, 03 Apr 2013 00:00:00 GMT

Global economy is improving but Europe lags behind, says OECD

Global economic activity is picking up, but the continuing crisis in the euro area is delaying a meaningful recovery, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Tax burdens on labour income in OECD countries continue to rise

New data show that across OECD countries the average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased by 0.1 of a percentage point to 35.6 per cent in 2012. It increased in 19 out of 34 countries, fell in 14, and remained unchanged in 1.

Tue, 26 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

2013 Global Forum on Development 4-5 April 2013

The OECD’s annual Global Development Forum will focus on ways to reduce poverty and promote social cohesion.OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, with Olusengun Obasanjo, the former President of Nigeria, will open the Forum at 13:00 on Thursday 4 April. They will be joined by the Chair of the Development Assistance Committeee, Eric Solheim.

Mon, 25 Mar 2013 12:13:00 GMT

Ireland: Boosting local jobs and growth – international experts meet in Dublin and Kilkenny

Cutting unemployment and fostering new sources of economic growth will be the focus of an international meeting of local development experts and practitioners in Dublin and Kilkenny on the 26 and 27 March 2013.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Speeding up reforms will foster more inclusive and greener growth in China

China has made tremendous progress toward achieving inclusive growth, but major reforms are needed to ensure a fourth decade of rapidly converging living standards and a greener economy, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China.

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:09:00 GMT

Regrettably low awareness in the private sector is an obstacle to the fight against foreign bribery in the Czech Republic

The Czech government must urgently engage with the private sector to raise awareness, says a new OECD report. The awareness of the Czech foreign bribery offence remains regrettably low among companies, despite the recent adoption of a comprehensive corporate liability regime that holds Czech companies liable for this crime.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 16:09:00 GMT

Denmark must investigate foreign bribery more proactively

Denmark’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been weak. Only 13 foreign bribery allegations have surfaced, and sanctions have been imposed in just one case that falls under the Convention. Law enforcement authorities have not been sufficiently proactive, and cases have been prematurely closed without complete investigations. Denmark must take more investigative steps and make greater efforts to gather evidence from abroad.

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 15:58:00 GMT

经合组织称加快改革进程必将促进中国经济增长更加包容更加绿色

经合组织最新一期的《中国经济调查》指出,尽管中国在实现包容性增长方面成效显著,但为确保第四个十年更快地向更高生活水平靠拢,并使经济更加“绿色”,中国仍需采取重大措施深入改革。

Thu, 21 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD releases first comprehensive guidelines on measuring subjective well-being

The OECD has taken a major step forward in measuring how we feel about our lives.Newly released Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being establish the first comprehensive framework for internationally comparable and intellectually robust data on this topic.

Wed, 20 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Brazil: better co-ordination needed to support sustained and equitable growth

Brazil’s economic growth has been supported in recent years by important government investment and social programmes that mobilise resources across the country. These programmes could help Brazil to meet its goals of sustaining economic growth and fostering social development, while reducing regional disparities.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Brasil: é preciso melhorar a coordenação para apoiar o crescimento sustentado e equitativo

Nos últimos anos, o crescimento econômico do Brasil teve o apoio de importantes investimentos e programas sociais do governo, que mobilizaram recursos em todo o país. Esses programas podem ajudar o Brasil a atingir seus objetivos de crescimento econômico sustentado e promover o desenvolvimento social, reduzindo as disparidades regionais.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 18:30:00 GMT

Secretary-General’s official visit to China (21st - 26th March 2013)

The Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, was in Beijing to attend the China Development Forum, to present the third OECD economic survey of China and to hold bilateral meetings with key representatives of China's authorities, business and academic world.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 15:05:00 GMT

France must do more to boost competitiveness and create jobs

France has avoided the most severe impacts of the global economic crisis and turmoil in the euro area, but must now take action to boost competitiveness and create jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France.

Tue, 19 Mar 2013 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of China launches Friday 22 March 2013 in Beijing

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of China, to be published on Friday 22 March 2013, discusses the rapid expansion of the Chinese economy in recent years and its resilience to the turbulent international environment.

Fri, 15 Mar 2013 12:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of France launches Tuesday 19 March 2013 in Paris

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of France, to be published on Tuesday 19 March 2013, discusses policies to relaunch the French economy, restore public finances and address the long-term challenges facing the country.

Thu, 14 Mar 2013 16:28:00 GMT

Italy: environment improving but more effort needed

Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.

Fri, 08 Mar 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Norway should reform its welfare system to help people with mental health issues stay in work

Norway should overhaul its approach to mental health issues in the workplace in order to help more people find a job or stay in work, and cut high and rising public spending, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 17:35:00 GMT

Sweden: Tackling mental health problems is critical to boosting job prospects of young Swedes

Sweden should make greater efforts to prevent and address mental health problems among people under the age of 30, in order to boost their job prospects and reduce government spending on health care and out-of-work benefits, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

South Africa: Progress made but step up economic reforms to achieve full potential

South Africa must step up efforts to foster strong, inclusive economic growth that creates jobs, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa. Priorities include a growth-enhancing macroeconomic policy-mix, and better implementation of structural reforms, notably to improve education.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:43:00 GMT

La ripresa post disastro quale opportunità di cambiamento, secondo l’OCSE

Prendendo ad esempio l’Abruzzo, il cui capoluogo, L’Aquila, è stato distrutto da un terremoto quattro anni fà, un nuovo rapporto dell’OCSE raccomanda una serie di misure volte ad accelerare la ripresa delle regioni colpite da catastrofi naturali, rendendole più attrattive per residenti, turisti e investitori.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Recovering from disaster can be an opportunity for change, says OECD

Through the example of Abruzzo, whose capital L’Aquila was destroyed by an earthquake four years ago, a new OECD report recommends policies that can speed the recovery of regions hit by natural disasters, making them more attractive to residents, tourists and investors.

Fri, 01 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD to assist Tunisia in investment reform and infrastructure projects

The OECD, together with the African Development Bank and International Finance Corporation, will assist the Tunisian authorities in implementing a new law on public-private partnerships(PPPs)and a new investment code in order to increase transparency, openness and predictability for investors.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 11:44:00 GMT

OECD government borrowing set to rise slightly in 2013

The gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are projected to increase slightly to around USD 10.9 trillion in 2013, up from the already high level of USD 10.8 trillion in 2012, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho as new members

Azerbaijan and the Kingdom of Lesotho have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 119th and 120th members of the Global Forum, they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of South Africa launches Monday 4 March 2013 in Pretoria

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of South Africa, to be published on Monday 4 March 2013, discusses advances in recent years toward a range of economic and social objectives, as well as further actions needed to achieve the country’s full potential.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 17:27:00 GMT

OECD urges countries to harmonise clinical trial regulations to boost medical research and save lives

Increasingly complex and inconsistent clinical trial regulations are causing delays, raising costs and leading to a decline in the number of international trials conducted by academics for non-commerical purposes.

Mon, 25 Feb 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Labour market reforms in Denmark must tackle mental health issues

Ongoing reforms of Denmark’s disability benefits and flexjobs are promising, but a stronger focus on helping people with their mental health issues is needed for the reforms to contribute to a sustainable decline in the high rate of unemployment, according to a new OECD report. Past labour market reforms failed because underlying mental health problems of the jobless remained unaddressed.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 11:48:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Denmark to launch on 25 February 2013 in Copenhagen

The OECD will present its first-ever review of mental health and work challenges in Denmark during a seminar open to media in Copenhagen on Monday 25 February 2013.

Wed, 20 Feb 2013 15:22:00 GMT

«Структурые реформы как никогда ранее важны для уверенного и сбалансированного восстановления экономики», - утверждает ОЭСР

Согласно последнему докладу ОЭСР «На пути к росту» структурные реформы являются для государств мощным инструментом для форсирования экономического роста, создания рабочих мест, и обеспечения быстрого восстановления баланса в экономике.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

Structural reforms more important than ever for a strong and balanced economic recovery

Structural reforms offer governments a powerful tool to boost economic growth, create jobs and bring about a strong and balanced economic recovery, according to the OECD’s latest Going for Growth report.

Fri, 15 Feb 2013 11:30:00 GMT

OECD urges stronger international co-operation on corporate tax

Global solutions are needed to ensure that tax systems do not unduly profit multinational enterprises, leaving citizens and small businesses with bigger tax bills.

Tue, 12 Feb 2013 15:00:00 GMT

OECD releases system to reduce compliance cost and facilitate cross-border investment

The amount of cross border portfolio investment exceeds 35 trillion USD. To encourage growth and cross-border investment more than 3000 tax treaties around the world based on the OECD Model reduce source taxation on a reciprocal basis.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Выпуск в свет доклада ОЭСР «На пути к росту 2013»: пресс-конференция 15 февраля в 14.30 в Москве

ОЭСР представит новый выпуск первостепенного экономического доклада «На пути к росту» в пятницу 15 февраля.

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Release of OECD’s Going for Growth 2013: News Briefing on Friday 15 February at 14:30 p.m. in Moscow

The OECD will present the 2013 edition of its flagship economic policy publication Going for Growth on Friday 15 February. This year’s report, which launches on the eve of the G20 finance ministers’ meeting in Moscow, identifies and assesses progress countries have made on key reforms that can help their economies rebound from the global economic crisis

Fri, 08 Feb 2013 17:23:00 GMT

OECD Conference on Growth, Innovation and Competitiveness - 13-14 February 2013 – Open to media

Some developed economies now invest more in ideas, skills, software and research and development than in physical capital like machines and buildings. This shift towards knowledge-based capital creates new challenges for governments and business in areas ranging from tax policies and the protection of intellectual property rights to boosting investment in ideas and data.

Thu, 07 Feb 2013 17:53:00 GMT

UK: Boosting growth and tackling inequality are key to recovery

Britain must continue to pursue pro-growth, as well as inequality-reducing structural reforms in order to recover from the nation’s deepest recession in nearly a century, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 16:00:00 GMT

Korea must strengthen social cohesion to boost growth and equity, says OECD

Korea should build on its strong economy and well-educated workforce to meet the challenges of a fast-ageing population and to tackle rising income inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 05 Feb 2013 12:11:00 GMT

Labour migration: Germany is open to graduates but immigration is difficult for medium-skilled workers

Germany is one of the OECD countries with the lowest barriers to immigration for high-skilled workers. However, long-term labour migration is low in comparison with other countries.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Las perspectivas económicas de Colombia son favorables, pero sigue habiendo grandes desafíos, dice la OCDE

Según la última Evaluación económica de Colombia de la OCDE, la economía colombiana es vigorosa y las perspectivas son favorables, pero el país debe esforzarse por lograr que la actual prosperidad debida a las materias primas contribuya al crecimiento sostenible e inclusivo a largo plazo.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

Colombia's economic outlook is strong, but deep challenges remain, OECD says

The Colombian economy is strong and the outlook is promising, but the country must do more to ensure that the ongoing commodities boom contributes to sustainable and inclusive growth over the long-term, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Assessment of Colombia.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 20:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Economic Survey of UK Wednesday 6 February 2013 in London

The OECD’s latest economic survey of the United Kingdom, to be published on Wednesday 6 February 2013, looks at some of the major policy challenges facing the country including recovering from recession, boosting growth and reducing inequality.

Thu, 31 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

OECD report on Social Cohesion in Korea to launch Tuesday 5 February 2013

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría will launch a report on social cohesion at an 11.00 a.m. news conference in Korea on Tuesday 5 February 2013.

Wed, 30 Jan 2013 16:50:00 GMT

Korea: a growing influence in the field of development co-operation

An aid recipient less than two decades ago, Korea is now a donor and sharing its experience of how to use development co-operation as a catalyst to promote long-term sustainable growth in other countries.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 16:22:00 GMT

België moet geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen op het werk proactiever aanpakken, zegt de OESO

Belgische bedrijven, ziekenfondsen en arbeidsbemiddelingsdiensten dienen proactiever te zijn om mensen met geestelijke gezondheidsproblemen te helpen aan het werk te blijven of een baan te vinden, volgens een nieuw OESO-rapport.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:41:00 GMT

Belgium should be more proactive in tackling mental health issues in the workplace, says OECD

Belgian companies, mutualities and employment services should be more proactive in helping people with mental health problems stay in the workplace or find a job, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 29 Jan 2013 15:03:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Eventos de la OCDE en Colombia

Presentación de la Evaluación Económica, jueves 31 de enero de 2013 en BogotáSeminario sobre la Economía de Colombia, 1 de febrero en la Universidad de los Andes

Thu, 24 Jan 2013 18:30:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

OECD Report on Mental Health and Work in Belgium to launch on 29 January 2013 in Brussels

Tue, 22 Jan 2013 13:17:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

BLI Brochure Russian Version

BLI Brochure Russian Version

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:21:00 GMT

OECD to launch Russian version of its Better Life Index at the Gaidar Forum

The OECD will participate in the Gaidar Forum in Moscow 16-19 January and will launch the Russian version of its award-winning Better Life Index [http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/ru/].

Fri, 11 Jan 2013 10:07:00 GMT

OECD Announces Winner of Global Data Visualisation Competition

The OECD today announced the winner of its first-ever global data visualisation challenge.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland should reform funding for professional education and training

Switzerland should reform its funding arrangements for professional education and training system by implementing a new intercantonal funding agreement, and piloting additional funding measures, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Jan 2013 11:34:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Mexico must improve water governance, financing and regulation, says OECD Secretary General Angel Gurría

Mexico’s river basins are under severe water stress. The quality of rivers, lakes and aquifers is declining and floods, droughts, and hurricanes are more frequent. These are some of the alerts signaled in OECD’s Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

México debe mejorar su gobernabilidad, financiamiento y regulación del agua, dice el Secretario General de la OCDE, Angel Gurría

México enfrenta grandes desafíos en materia de gestión de agua. Para empezar, las cuencas hidrológicas padecen un grave estrés hídrico; la calidad de los ríos, lagos y acuíferos está disminuyendo; mientras que las inundaciones, sequías y huracanes son cada vez más frecuentes.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 17:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by absence of foreign bribery convictions in Spain

Spain’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with not a single prosecution out of only seven investigations in 13 years since joining the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. Spain must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and strengthen its legal framework for fighting bribery by addressing gaps in its Penal Code, says a new OECD report.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:40:00 GMT

Netherlands must significantly step up its foreign bribery enforcement, says OECD

The Netherlands is failing to vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations and must do more to enforce its foreign bribery laws. Fourteen out of 22 foreign bribery allegations have not triggered the opening of an investigation, calling into question the Netherlands’ ability and proactivity in investigating and prosecuting this crime.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 16:27:00 GMT

Austria’s enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak, but could pick up soon says OECD

The OECD Working Group on Bribery regrets that Austria has not had a conviction of bribing foreign public officials despite a number of allegations, 13 years after ratifying the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention. However, enforcement appears to be picking up, with one case being tried, two more cases soon to be tried, and four ongoing investigations.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Gesetze gegen Auslandsbestechung in Österreich unzureichend umgesetzt – OECD setzt auf baldige Verbesserung

Die OECD-Arbeitsgruppe gegen Bestechung bedauert, dass in Österreich bisher noch kein Urteil wegen der Bestechung von ausländischen Amtsträgern ergangen ist, obwohl seit der Ratifizierung des entsprechenden OECD-Übereinkommens vor 13 Jahren eine Reihe von Vorwürfen vorlag.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 14:00:00 GMT

Media Alert: Trade events at the OECD on 16-17 January 2013

OECD and WTO to present new approach for measuring global trade10.00 – 11.00 a.m. 16 January 2013, OECD Conference Centre, Paris

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Lack of support for motherhood hurting women’s career prospects, despite gains in education and employment, says OECD

Progress has been made in narrowing the gender gap in pay, especially in employment, over the past decade but much remains to be done in many countries. Women pay a high price for motherhood, with steep childcare costs and taxes deterring many from working more, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 17 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Competitiveness of the port-city of Marseille-Fos

Wednesday 19 December, 14:00-16:002nd floor of J1 Hangar - IFEP officeClose to the port of Marseille office, place de la Joliette, Marseille

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 12:28:00 GMT

Australia is in a strong position, but must adapt to take full advantage of rising Asia, OECD says

The Australian economy is robust and faces a solid short-term outlook, but it must continue adapting to ensure that its privileged place in the Asia-Pacific region contributes to long-term sustainable growth, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Australia.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:25:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Sweden launches Monday 17 December 2012 in Stockholm

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Sweden, to be published on Monday 17 December 2012, discusses the country’s resilience to the global economic crisis as well as its capacity to cope with further external shocks, notably those posed by the continuing crisis in the euro area.

Wed, 12 Dec 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Colombia se adhiere a la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho

El 19 de enero de 2013 Colombia se convertirá en el 40º estado en formar parte en la Convención para Combatir el Cohecho.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 17:00:00 GMT

Colombia joins OECD Anti-Bribery Convention

Colombia will become the 40th Party to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention on 19 January 2013.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Greater gender equality essential for economic recovery

New evidence showing how gender equality is essential for a fairer society and stronger global economy, will be presented by the OECD at a Gender Forum in Paris on 17 December 2012.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 14:39:00 GMT

Australia’s unique approach to helping the unemployed has delivered good results but challenges remain, says OECD

Australia’s labour market reforms over the past 15 years have boosted employment and cut welfare benefit dependency.

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 05:00:00 GMT

OECD Events in Australia

The OECD will launch two new publications in Australia next week: a Review of Labour Market Policies and an Economic survey.

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:22:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee Statement

OECD Steel Committee Statement

Fri, 07 Dec 2012 17:06:00 GMT

OECD Economic Survey of Luxembourg launches Thursday 13 December 2012

The OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Luxembourg, to be published on Thursday 13 December 2012, discusses how the country’s finance-driven economy has weathered the global economic crisis.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 16:06:00 GMT

Ministers pledge to finance effective development

Development ministers from OECD and emerging economies met in London 4 - 5 December for the High Level Meeting of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee(DAC).

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 12:33:00 GMT

Growth, skills and education are the keys to inclusive regional development, says OECD

Vibrant and dynamic urban centers are among the main drivers of national growth and employment, but OECD’s new report Promoting Growth in All Regions highlights that even less wealthy regions have the potential to bolster stronger, greener, and more inclusive economies.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic remains strong, but it needs to become more inclusive, OECD says

The Slovak Republic recovered strongly from the global economic crisis and is weathering well the storm that has struck its main European trading partners. The challenges going forward will be restoring public finances while driving down unemployment and fostering long-term inclusive growth, says the latest Economic Survey.

Thu, 06 Dec 2012 09:45:00 GMT

Guatemala, plenamente comprometida con el intercambio internacional de información fiscal

Guatemala ha firmado la Convención sobre Asistencia Administrativa Mutua en Materia Fiscal, lo que permite su exclusión de la lista de países que todavía no han implementado sustancialmente la norma fiscal internacional

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 17:51:00 GMT

Brazil: Enhancing audit reporting is key to the integrity of government accounts

Brazil’s supreme audit institution – the Federal Court of Accounts (TCU) – has began a process to reform its audit of the Accounts of the President of the Republic to enhance transparency and accountability of federal budget execution.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 15:31:00 GMT

Guatemala: commits to international exchange of tax information

Guatemala has signed the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters allowing it to be removed from the list of countries that have not yet substantially implemented the internationally agreed tax standard.

Wed, 05 Dec 2012 12:00:00 GMT

Luxembourg: a generous aid donor

Luxembourg allocated 0.97% of its gross national income, or USD 413 million, to official development assistance in 2011.“Luxembourg is the Development Assistance Committee’ s third most generous donor as a portion of its economy – after Sweden and Norway – and it has a high quality programme” says Brian Atwood, Chair of the DAC. “We commend Luxembourg’s commitment to keeping its ODA at 1% of GNI until 2014”.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Progress made on immigrant integration but more efforts needed on education and jobs, finds OECD

OECD countries have made much progress over the past decade in helping immigrants integrate in society. But much remains to be done, notably in improving how well immigrant children do at school and in finding work, and in immigrant women’s access to employment, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 03 Dec 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Spain has embarked on the path to recovery, but must continue with reforms, OECD says

Spain is immersed in a prolonged recession that has been compounded by the continuing crisis in the euro area. The path to recovery has been launched, but will require full implementation of reforms and some additional measures to restore confidence in the financial sector, redress public finances and bring down high unemployment, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Spain.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 13:30:00 GMT

Global economy facing hesitant and uneven recovery, says OECD

The global economy is expected to make a hesitant and uneven recovery over the coming two years. Decisive policy action is needed to ensure that stalemate over fiscal policy in the United States and continuing euro area instability do not plunge the world back into recession, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook.

Tue, 27 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD helps countries track and secure climate finance and boost green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies

The OECD offers impartial data and evidence-based policy advice on scaling-up climate finance, and incentivising green infrastructure investment and low-carbon technologies.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:33:00 GMT

Asia/Pacific region: Improving the quality of its healthcare

Though the rate of public spending on healthcare in the Asia/Pacific region is still well below the OECD average, countries there are committing more resources to improving health care quality.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 19:00:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Water in Latin America and the Caribbean: better governance can improve access

In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Responding to the crisis: what are OECD countries doing to strengthen their public finances?

OECD countries are intensifying their fiscal consolidation efforts, introducing additional measures and extending the time horizon to implement them. Most have announced fiscal consolidation of more than 3% of GDP over the period 2009-15, according to the OECD’s Restoring Public Finances 2012.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Agua en América Latina y el Caribe: Mejor gobernabilidad puede mejorar el acceso, dice la OCDE

En países latinoamericanos, la población crece a un ritmo mayor que el promedio mundial, lo cual intensifica el uso de la tierra y aumenta la urbanización. La región también es propensa a los impactos negativos del cambio climático y de los desastres naturales.

Wed, 21 Nov 2012 15:24:00 GMT

Economic Outlook to be released Tuesday 27 November 2012

The OECD will publish its latest Economic Outlook, containing analysis and projections for its member countries and other major world economies, at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (10.00 GMT) on Tuesday 27 November 2012.

Tue, 20 Nov 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Nuevas políticas para PYMES se requieren para impulsar el crecimiento en América Latina, según la OCDE y la CEPAL

Aunque las perspectivas permanecen relativamente positivas, están sujetas a la incertidumbre y volatilidad del contexto externo, por lo que los gobiernos de América Latina deben actuar ahora para fortalecer el crecimiento y desarrollo de la región y contrarrestar estos riesgos, señala el informe Perspectivas económicas de América Latina 2013 producido conjuntamente por el Centro de Desarrollo de la OCDE y la CEPAL.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 17:48:00 GMT

Health spending in Europe falls for the first time in decades

Health spending fell across the European Union in 2010, as cash-strapped governments curbed outlays to help cut budgetary deficits, according to Health at a Glance: Europe 2012, a new joint report by the OECD and the European Commission.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 11:01:00 GMT

New SME policies needed to boost Latin America's growth, say OECD and ECLAC

Latin American governments must act now to strengthen growth and development and counter these risks, according to the 2013 Latin American Economic Outlook, jointly produced by the OECD Development Centre and ECLAC.

Fri, 16 Nov 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Public social spending rising in most OECD countries

Public social spending has increased to 22% of GDP on average across the OECD in 2012, up from 19% in 2007. Rising spending-to-GDP ratios are due to a combination of governments increasing expenditure on social supports as unemployment and income support benefits but also because of GDP stagnating or declining in many countries.

Thu, 15 Nov 2012 18:07:00 GMT

Global Forum on Public Governance: Better Governance for Inclusive Growth

The financial and economic crises demonstrate that most governments need to change the way they run their countries. Though some have a better track record of reform than others, all can do more to create inclusive, open and responsible governance that can reduce inequality and promote economic growth.

Wed, 14 Nov 2012 14:30:00 GMT

Latin America: Tax revenues are rising, but still low and varied among countries

Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 15:20:00 GMT

Health: men faring worse than women in hospitalisations for diabetes

New OECD data show that men are more likely to be admitted to hospital as a result of poor management of diabetes than women, even when there are no significant differences in the number of men and women living with diabetes.

Tue, 13 Nov 2012 11:12:00 GMT

Balance of economic power will shift dramatically over the next 50 years, says OECD

The balance of economic power is expected to shift dramatically over the next half century, with fast-growing emerging-market economies accounting for an ever-increasing share of global output, according to a new OECD report.

Fri, 09 Nov 2012 11:00:00 GMT

G20 ministers welcome OECD disaster risk assessment and financing framework

G20 Finance Ministers have welcomed a new OECD/G20 framework designed to help governments develop financial strategies for disaster risk management.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 11:02:00 GMT

Development: Finland should not back-track on its aid commitments, says OECD

Finland is making efforts to improve its development co-operation, sharpening the focus of its efforts and emphasising the importance of human rights.

Tue, 06 Nov 2012 17:09:00 GMT

OECD improves tool to predict the hazards of chemicals

Governments and the chemical industry spend millions of dollars every year testing the safety of chemicals that people use in their everyday lives. Computer modelling, through the OECD-designed QSAR Toolbox software, now replaces many of the tests traditionally done in the laboratory. This allows regulators and industry to save money and use fewer animals to predict the hazardous properties of chemicals.

Mon, 05 Nov 2012 11:31:00 GMT

Investment: G20 governments must step up efforts to resist protectionism, says OECD, WTO, UNCTAD report

The OECD, WTO and UNCTAD have called on G20 governments to step up efforts to resist protectionism in the face of continuing high unemployment and a weak economic recovery.

Wed, 31 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mr. François Hollande, President of the French Republic, met with the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD

The President of the French Republic, Mr. François Hollande, met the Heads of international economic organisations at the OECD on Monday 29th October.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on tax transparency welcomes new members and reviews 12 countries

At the Global Forum in Cape Town, South Africa, delegates from 81 jurisdictions and 11 international organisations evaluated whether all Forum members are exchanging tax information effectively.

Mon, 29 Oct 2012 09:53:00 GMT

OECD and ATAF strengthen tax co-operation with Africa

The OECD and the African Tax Administration Forum (ATAF) have signed a Memorandum of Co-operation, agreeing to work together to improve tax systems in Africa.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 16:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned by lack of foreign bribery convictions, but encouraged by recent efforts by the Australian Federal Police

Australia’s enforcement of its foreign bribery laws has been extremely low, with just a single case leading to prosecutions out of 28 referrals in 13 years. Cases may have been closed prematurely. Australia must vigorously pursue foreign bribery allegations.

Thu, 25 Oct 2012 09:00:00 GMT

Tax: Revenues rising slowly across the OECD

In most OECD countries tax revenues are continuing to rise in relation to GDP from the 2008-09 declines seen at the beginning of the crisis, according to OECD’s annual Revenue Statistics. OECD countries collected about 34.0% of GDP in taxes in 2011, compared with 33.8% in 2010.

Wed, 24 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD seriously concerned at lack of foreign bribery convictions in France, but recognises recent efforts to ensure independence of prosecutors

France should intensify its efforts to combat the bribery of foreign public officials. Only five convictions – of which one, under appeal, involves a company – have been handed down in twelve years.

Tue, 23 Oct 2012 13:33:00 GMT

Measuring well-being needs to be at the heart of policy-making, says OECD World Forum

A major step forward towards putting the measurement of well-being at the heart of policy-making was taken at a four-day international conference which ended in New Delhi today.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 16:05:00 GMT

OECD launches online portal to boost product safety

The OECD has launched an online portal to give consumers, businesses and governments quick and easy access to the latest information on products recalled from the market in Australia, Canada, Europe and the United States.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Mexico: President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto visit to the OECD

On October 18, Mexican President-elect Enrique Peña Nieto ended his European tour with a visit to OECD headquarters in Paris where he delivered a keynote address on Mexico’s challenges and its role in a changing global landscape, followed by a press conference with the Secretary-General.

Fri, 19 Oct 2012 09:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Burkina Faso and Cameroon as new members

Burkina Faso and Cameroon have joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As 112th and 113th members of the Global Forum they will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012 17:35:00 GMT

OECD news conference to launch global product recall portal, Friday 19 October 2012, Brussels

The OECD will host a news conference to launch its new global portal on product recalls during the International Product Safety Week 2012 at 11.00 AM on Friday 19 October at the Charlemagne Building, rue de la Loi 170, 1040 Brussels.

Mon, 15 Oct 2012 10:42:00 GMT

Israel: excellent primary health care, but hospitals must improve

Israel has world class-primary care services and should now focus efforts on bringing its hospitals up to the same high international standards, according to the OECD’s Health Care Quality Review of Israel.

Sun, 14 Oct 2012 10:00:00 GMT

OECD World Forum in New Delhi - News briefingTuesday 16 October 2012

Assessing the progress and failings of our societies requires a far broader set of measures than just economic indicators. This is why international experts, NGO representatives and politicians in fields as diverse as the environment, development, health, education, business and social affairs will be meeting in New Delhi from 16-19 October 2012.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Indonesia can boost food security through investment, trade and subsidy reform, says OECD

Indonesia can improve national food security by facilitating greater investment in agriculture, opening agri-food markets to greater international trade, reforming input subsidies and food aid schemes and moving away from self-sufficiency policy objectives, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 10 Oct 2012 05:00:00 GMT

Middle East and North Africa : Boosting support for women’s entrepreneurship will pay off in jobs and growth, says OECD

Governments in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) should create urgently needed jobs for the 2.5 million people entering the labour market each year and improve their policies to encourage women’s entrepreneurship in order to reduce structural unemployment, says a new OECD report.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:21:00 GMT

IT sector booms during downturn, says OECD

Internet firms continue to drive growth and job creation in the IT industry, with fast-rising demand for mobile services helping to boost revenue and investment in research and development, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 11:14:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Pakistan as new member

Pakistan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 111th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 14:32:00 GMT

Estonia must reform to ward against boom/bust cycles, OECD says

Estonia recovered forcefully from the global economic crisis but growth has since slowed, highlighting the need for further reforms that reduce exposure to external shocks and ensure against future boom/bust cycles, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Estonia.

Mon, 01 Oct 2012 09:28:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes budget proposal and economic reforms announced by the Spanish Government

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría welcomes the Spanish government's budget and the economic policy measures announced yesterday.

Fri, 28 Sep 2012 15:30:00 GMT

Launch of OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 at Budapest Conference on Cyberspace, Thursday 4 October 2012

Cyber attacks on business, governments and infrastructure are rising fast, costing the global economy billions of dollars each year. Boosting international co-operation to strengthen internet governance and ensure the continuing free flow of information over the Internet is essential.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 18:33:00 GMT

Indonesia should improve governance, productivity and tax collection to promote inclusive growth

Indonesia has improved its macro-economic and structural policies over the last 15 years. Its economy, with strong and stable growth rates of 5–6.6%, is catching up with other countries in the region and allowing Indonesia to focus on its development agenda.

Thu, 27 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Economy: OECD’s Gurría urges Italy to maintain reform momentum

Italy has made a major effort to speed up long-overdue economic reforms but it is now essential to maintain the momentum, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today in Rome.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Economia: Il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE raccomanda all'Italia di proseguire con le riforme

L'Italia ha fatto enormi sforzi per accelerare le riforme economiche che dovevano essere attuate da lungo tempo, ma è oggi essenziale proseguire su questa via, ha affermato oggi il Segretario Generale dell'OCSE, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 24 Sep 2012 11:06:00 GMT

Pension fund assets at record high but investment returns negative in 2011, says OECD

Pension fund assets in OECD countries hit a record USD 20.1 trillion in 2011 but return on investment fell below zero, with an average negative return of -1.7%s, according to the OECD’s latest Pension Markets in Focus. The report says that weak equity markets and low interest rates drove the poor performance.

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 10:50:00 GMT

News conference to report on Indonesia’s economy and regulatory system

Launch of the Economic Survey of Indonesia and Review of Regulatory Reforms

Thu, 20 Sep 2012 10:00:00 GMT

Italy: Gurría and Monti to address Rome conference on competitiveness, growth and jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti will address a major conference on structural reform in Italy on Monday 24 September at the Sala Polifunzionale of the Presidenza del Consiglio in Rome.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 17:46:00 GMT

Agriculture : Support to agriculture at historic lows, says OECD

Government support to agriculture in OECD countries fell to 19% of total farm receipts in 2011, a record low driven by developments in international commodity markets, rather than by explicit policy changes, according to the report Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 15:00:00 GMT

Innovation: Economic crisis and weak outlook hit R&D, says OECD

Business spending on research and development has been hit hard by the economic crisis, with nearly all OECD countries seeing a fall in investment which could impact innovation and long-term growth, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 13 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Agricultural Policy: Monitoring and Evaluation 2012 to launch 19 September 2012 in Brussels and Washington, DC

The OECD will present its latest estimates of public support to agriculture during seminars in Brussels and Washington DC on 19 September 2012.

Wed, 12 Sep 2012 15:14:00 GMT

Education spending rising but access to higher education remains unequal in most countries, says OECD

Governments should increase investment in early childhood programmes and maintain reasonable costs for higher education in order to reduce inequality, boost social mobility and improve people’s employment prospects, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 11 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Economy: European recession slowing global economy, says OECD

The global economy has slowed, with key European countries entering a recession that is now impacting worldwide, the OECD said in its latest Interim Economic Assessment.Interim Economic Assessment

Thu, 06 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: OECD calls for reform of postsecondary vocational education and training in Denmark

Denmark should build on the strengths of its vocational and educational training programme to ensure that young people enter the labour market with the skills companies need and to meet the national goal of having 60% of young people enter higher education by 2020, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea should improve its vocational education programmes, says OECD

Korea should reform its vocational education and training programmes to ensure that students leave college with the skills and expertise that companies need in today’s rapidly changing labour market, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 04 Sep 2012 09:30:00 GMT

Education: OECD’s Education at a Glance 2012 to be published Tuesday 11 September

The 2012 edition of the OECD’s annual Education at a Glance will be published at 11.00 a.m. Paris time (09.00 GMT) on Tuesday 11 September 2012. Education at a Glance is the leading international compendium of comparable national statistics measuring the state of education worldwide.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Tax: OECD welcomes multilateral efforts to improve international tax compliance and transparency

The OECD welcomed today a new model international tax agreement designed to improve cross-border tax compliance and boost transparency.

Thu, 26 Jul 2012 14:00:00 GMT

Switzerland tops fixed broadband ranking, while Korea leads in wireless broadband

Switzerland tops for the first time the OECD fixed broadband ranking, with 39.9 subscribers per 100 inhabitants, followed closely by the Netherlands (39.1) and Denmark (37.9). The OECD average is 25.6, according to new OECD statistics.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:30:00 GMT

Tax: OECD updates OECD Model Tax Convention to extend information requests to groups

The OECD has updated Article 26 of the OECD Model Tax Convention, which sets out the international standard on exchange of information. The standard provides for information exchange on request, where the information is “foreseeably relevant” for the administration of the taxes of the requesting party, regardless of bank secrecy and a domestic tax interest.

Wed, 18 Jul 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: The Global Forum welcomes Kazakhstan as new member

Kazakhstan has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 110th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 11 Jul 2012 11:58:00 GMT

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Employment: OECD sees high jobless rates continuing - more must be done urgently to boost job creation and help jobseekers

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 18:15:00 GMT

Tax: Ghana Signs Tax Cooperation Agreement

Ghana has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD. Ghana is the second African country, after South Africa, to sign the Convention since it was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Tue, 10 Jul 2012 16:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Effective management and incentives can rebuild fisheries sector, says OECD at EXPO 2012

Governments looking to boost their fisheries sector should review their policies to create incentives for economically and environmentally sustainable fisheries, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 09 Jul 2012 06:30:00 GMT

Agriculture: Increased productivity and a more sustainable food system will improve global food security OECD and FAO publish new Agricultural Outlook

Food commodity prices are anticipated to remain on a higher plateau over the next decade, underpinned by firm demand but a slowing growth in global production, according to the latest OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2012-2021.

Wed, 04 Jul 2012 15:09:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

Health: Growth in health spending grinds to a halt

Growth in health spending slowed or fell in real terms in 2010 in almost all OECD countries, reversing a long-term trend of rapid increases, according to OECD Health Data 2012.

Fri, 29 Jun 2012 11:36:00 GMT

Economy: The United States needs to foster education and innovation to keep its cutting edge

The United States should do more to foster innovation and provide more equitable access to high-quality education in order to maintain its status as the world's most vibrant and productive economy, according to OECD's latest Economic Survey of the United States.

Wed, 27 Jun 2012 14:46:00 GMT

Green innovation in tourism can trigger major economic, social and environmental benefits

Tourism experts from international organisations, United Nations agencies and the tourism public and private sector have outlined how green innovation in tourism can drive sustainable

Mon, 25 Jun 2012 14:19:00 GMT

Sweden's enforcement of foreign bribery laws far too weak

More than twelve years after making foreign bribery a crime, Sweden needs to make much greater efforts to actively enforce its anti-bribery legislation, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 21 Jun 2012 18:30:00 GMT

Slovak Republic must urgently introduce effective legislation holding companies liable for foreign bribery, says OECD

20/06/2012 - The Slovak Republic must urgently meet its obligations under the Convention it signed 12 years ago and introduce an effective corporate liability regime so that Slovak companies are held accountable for the bribery of foreign public officials in cross-border business deals, says a new OECD report.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 11:00:00 GMT

Tax: Joining forces to fight financial crime and illicit activities

Financial crimes, including corruption, tax fraud and money laundering, are a threat to all countries, both developing and developed. The sums are vast. Estimates have put total proceeds from all illicit activities at 3.6% of global GDP.

Fri, 15 Jun 2012 17:29:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 16:45:00 GMT

G20 Quarterly Gross Domestic Product, first quarter 2012, OECD

Quarterly Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in the G20 area grew 0.8% in the first quarter of 2012 compared with 0.7% in the fourth quarter of 2011, according to preliminary estimates. This small pick-up in aggregate G20 GDP growth still masks diverging patterns among the world's largest economies however.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Canada needs to boost innovation and human capital to sustain living standards

Canada has weathered the global economic crisis comparatively well but will have to become more productive to sustain its high standard of living, according to OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Canada.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: Compact cities: the way of the future

Governments faced with growing populations and dwindling natural rescources have two choices: they can let urban sprawl continue to eat up useful land or they can plan compact cities that will be good for the economy and the environment.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: G20 collaboration to improve agriculture productivity growth is key to feeding 9 billion people

G20 governments under successive Presidencies have sought to improve international collaboration in support of a more productive and sustainable global food and agriculture system.

Tue, 12 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Raising retirement ages and expanding private pension coverage essential, says OECD

Governments will need to raise retirement ages gradually to address increasing life expectancy in order to ensure that their national pension systems are both affordable and adequate, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, June 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend continue to point to divergence between economies.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Slovenia needs to green its economic recovery

Slovenia's rich and diverse environment is under pressure from the country’s expanding economy. OECD’s first Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia says that greening growth, including though green tax reform, better use of public and private finance, could help Slovenia.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Promote entrepreneurship to exit the crisis, OECD says

Start-up rates in most countries are edging back toward their pre-crisis levels, but not all countries have seen significant acceleration in new businesses, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: Germany, a laboratory for green growth

Germany is successfully limiting the amount of carbon, energy and resources required to grow its economy. Though the public is generally satisfied with the level of environmental quality, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Germany warns that ch

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 countries should rely on open markets to reboot global growth

G20 governments should prevent further deterioration in their collective trade and investment policy stance and focus on promoting open markets to re-boot growth in the world economy, according to the OECD, WTO and UNCTAD.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Design policies to ensure growth is socially inclusive, says OECD-World Bank report

Economic policy should be better designed to bring about more inclusive growth, ensuring that the benefits of increased prosperity are shared more evenly across society, according to a new report from the OECD and the World Bank.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Colombia and Mexico sign international tax, human rights and clean business standards

Colombia and Mexico are a step closer to beneffiting from cross border tax co-operation and information sharing. Colombia has signed, and Mexico has deposited its instrument of ratification for the Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tunisia and Morocco join multilateral business integrity and green growth instruments

Tunisia and Morocco signed up today to a series of international instruments in areas ranging from business integrity to international investment and green growth. Adherence to these instruments is an expression of a long-standing co-operation between countries in North Africa and the OECD.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tackle gender gap to boost growth, says OECD

Breaking down barriers to gender equality in education, employment and entrepreneurship would create new sources of economic growth and help make better use of everyone’s skills, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Global economy recovering, but major risks remain, says OECD

The global economy is recovering, but confidence is extremely uneven across different regions, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Outlook. European governments must take greater action to ensure that the crisis in the euro area does not derail the recovery.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches Skills Strategy to boost jobs and growth

The OECD has launched its Skills Strategy to help governments build economic resilience, boost employment and reinforce social cohesion. Despite the pressure on public finances, spending on education and skills is an investment for the future and must be a priority.

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministers must focus on young jobseekers

Young people continue to bear the brunt of the jobs crisis, with nearly 11 million 15 to 24 -year-olds out of work in OECD countries in early 2012. Youth unemployment in the OECD area in March 2012 was 17.1%, close to its November 2009 peak of 18.3%

Tue, 15 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invitation: Workshop OECD/AJEF on "Skills Strategy" - Tuesday 19 June at 13h00 (Paris time)

How to optimise the skills of the labour market to anticipate business demand and promote growth and social cohesion in these times of record unemployment?

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, May 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs), designed to anticipate turning points in economic activity relative to trend, point to regained momentum in the OECD area but with divergence between economies.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders

The OECD’s Task Force on Tax and Development, meeting in Cape Town, South Africa, launches Tax Inspectors Without Borders/ Inspecteurs des impôts sans frontières – a new initiative to help developing countries bolster their domestic revenues by making their tax systems fairer and more effective.

Thu, 10 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Korea: a strong national urban strategy could drive resilient economic growth

Korea has weathered the shocks triggered by the global recession and its economy is recovering more quickly and vigorously than most other OECD countries.

Fri, 27 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

More parent and community engagement would boost quality in early childhood education and care in England

The report highlights strategies from other countries that could serve as a model for England as it develops its early childhood education and care programme.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Further reforms needed to sustain Korean growth and social cohesion

Korea recovered faster and more vigorously from the global crisis than most OECD countries, but strong economic growth alone will not be enough to address the fundamental challenges posed by its rapidly ageing population and rising inequality, according to the latest Economic Survey of Korea.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Pensions: Sweden needs an independent committee to oversee National Pension Funds

Sweden should establish an independent committee of experts to oversee its National Pension Funds and set a clear, measurable financial objective for investments to ensure their long-term viability, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 26 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: the average tax burden on earnings in OECD countries continues to rise

The average tax and social security burden on employment incomes increased in 26 out of 34 OECD countries in 2011 according to the new OECD Taxing Wages publication. Tax payers in Ireland, Luxembourg, Portugal and the Slovak Republic were among those hit with the largest increases.

Wed, 25 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Health: the high cost of diabetes

Across OECD countries some 83 million people suffer from diabetes. On current trends, that will rise to almost 100 million by 2030.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

EU development co-operation: improving but still cumbersome

The European Union is a major player in global development, co-ordinating coherent actions amongst its 27 member states and providing direct support to developing countries.

Tue, 24 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Credit crunch squeezing entrepreneurs and small businesses more than big firms

Small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) requesting loans between 2007 and 2010 faced higher interest rates than for large companies. Loan conditions for SMEs included shortened maturities and increased demands for collateral, suggesting that banks considered smaller firms to be a higher risk.

Thu, 19 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for reform of governance of state-owned firms in the Middle East and North Africa

Middle Eastern and North African countries should reform the governance of their state-owned enterprises to bring about greater public accountability and improve their efficiency, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 10 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax evasion: Pressure to end tax evasion grows as the Global Forum publishes new reviews

The Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes has just completed peer reviews of 11 jurisdictions. This brings to 70 the number of peer review reports completed since March 2010.

Thu, 05 Apr 2012 00:00:00 GMT

UK increases enforcement of foreign bribery, but concerns remain about transparency and resources

The United Kingdom has significantly boosted its foreign bribery enforcement efforts but needs to be more transparent when resolving cases.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary has improved legal framework for fighting foreign bribery, but must do more to detect and prosecute

Hungary’s law banning bribery of foreign public officials is relatively good on paper but lacks effective application, according to a new OECD report. Hungary must strengthen detection and prosecution of individuals and companies involved in foreign bribery.

Fri, 30 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Italy: OECD’s Gurría welcomes labour market reforms

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría congratulates the Italian government for launching parliamentary discussions on a wide-ranging package of labour market reforms.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Finland should boost staff skills to improve its early childhood education and care services, says OECD

Finland gives its young children a better start in education than most OECD countries.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Further reform needed to raise growth prospects in Poland

Poland has been a strong performer across the OECD through the global economic crisis, growing much faster than most other countries and making impressive steps toward reducing the income gap with its European Union partners, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Bigger euro bailout fund needed to create space to boost growth, OECD says

Euro area finance ministers meeting this week need to boost the firepower of the European stability funds to at least one trillion euros in order to restore market confidence, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said today.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD to simplify transfer pricing rules

Meeting at OECD’s first Global Forum on Transfer Pricing, tax officials from 90 countries agreed on the need to simplify transfer pricing rules, strengthen the guidelines on intangible issues and improve the efficiency of dispute resolution.

Tue, 27 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD's Gurría comments on UK budget

In response to the presentation of the 2012/13 U.K. Budget by the Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has expressed support for the government’s plans for continued fiscal consolidation aiming at eliminating the fiscal deficit by 2016/17.

Wed, 21 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD calls for new approach to tackle teacher shortage

With many countries facing shortages of qualified teachers in key subjects, governments need to make the profession more attractive to talented graduates, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 14 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Hungary must stabilise its economy for a durable recovery, OECD says

Swift action is needed to stabilise the Hungarian economy and put growth on a sound footing for a durable recovery, according to the latest Economic Survey of Hungary. Strengthening the credibility and predictability of domestic policies and undertaking much-needed fiscal consolidation will be key.

Tue, 13 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: More effective action needed to cut water pollution from farming

OECD governments have made little overall progress in reducing water contamination from farming over the past decade. More rigorous policies are needed to reduce the use of pesticides and encourage sustainable management of water quality in agriculture.

Mon, 12 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Governance: The Chicago Tri-State metro area is a powerful region – policy makers must work together to maintain a global pole position and fully realise the region’s potential

Chicago is at a tipping point: despite economic strengths, it faces considerable challenges to compete in the “Premier League” of world-class cities, warns the OECD’s review of the Chicago Tri-State Metropolitan Region.

Fri, 09 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD recommends action on international tax loopholes

Aggressive tax planning – untaxed income, multiple deductions and other forms of international tax arbitrage - is a growing concern for all governments.

Mon, 05 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Focus on strategic agricultural investments to reduce poverty in developing countries, OECD says

Agricultural policies to reduce poverty in developing countries should focus on strategic investments to raise productivity and benefit from high food prices, according to a new OECD study.

Fri, 02 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: India ratifies Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

India has ratified the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD that was opened for signature to all countries in June 2011.

Mon, 27 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Structural reforms can make the difference as countries rebound from crisis, OECD says

The pace of reform has accelerated in those OECD countries where it is needed most, says the latest Going for Growth report. It identifies the specific action needed to help governments steer their economies out of the crisis, stimulate growth and create jobs.

Fri, 24 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture: Experts maintain commitment to expanding and updating tractor safety standards

Experts, manufacturers and government officials meeting in Paris this week reaffirmed their commitment to maintaining safety standards in farm machinery by expanding and updating the OECD’s harmonised tests and codes.

Thu, 23 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: signs international tax agreement to tackle tax evasion

Greece has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement that was developed jointly by the Council of Europe and the OECD and that is open for signature to all countries.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Greece: OECD’s Gurría welcomes support package

The Secretary-General says the package will provide the necessary confidence and breathing space for Greece to work on its recovery and for Europe to address its sovereign debt crisis.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Obesity: Mardi Gras - how fat are people this Tuesday?

More people in developed countries are overweight or obese than ever before, dooming them to years of ill-health and early death. New OECD data show however that in some countries obesity rates are slowing, and that’s good news for people’s health and government budgets.

Tue, 21 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Germany is leading the charts on employment and green growth - Transition to a knowledge based economy will require further reform and investment, OECD says

Germany recovered rapidly from the 2008-09 recession, with GDP topping pre-crisis rates during 2011 and unemployment falling significantly. Public finances are sound, but further reforms are needed to transform its growth model to thrive as a knowledge-based economy.

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Migration: integration of migrants in Switzerland successful, but stronger focus on vulnerable groups needed

Labour market integration of immigrants in Switzerland is generally successful: three quarters of immigrants in Switzerland are in employment – more than in any other OECD country

Tue, 14 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Spain’s reforms to strengthen finances and boost jobs

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría said Spain’s comprehensive reform programme is a major step forward in strengthening the country’s banking system and its public finances, as well as creating a more dynamic labour market.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Composite Leading Indicators (CLIs), OECD, February 2012

Composite leading indicators (CLIs) point to a positive change in momentum for the OECD as a whole, driven primarily by the United States and Japan, but similar signs are beginning to emerge in a number of other developed economies.

Mon, 13 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Statement by OECD ‘s Gurria after meeting Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti

Italy has embarked on an ambitious, much needed reform programme to strengthen its public finances, to restore growth and to improve the competitiveness of the Italian economy.

Mon, 06 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Telecoms reform would boost competition and growth in Mexico, says OECD

Mexico should quickly reform the laws and regulations governing its telecommunications sector to boost competition and investment and drive growth across the economy, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 30 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

India signs international tax agreement

India has signed the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, a multilateral agreement which promotes international co-operation while respecting the rights of taxpayers.

Thu, 26 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Rising tax revenues: a key to economic development in Latin American countries

Increased domestic resource mobilization is widely accepted as crucial for countries to successfully meet the challenges of development and achieve higher living standards for all their people.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Urgent reform key to securing Asia’s pension systems, says OECD

Asia’s pension systems need modernising urgently to deliver secure, sustainable and adequate retirement incomes for today’s workers in the context of the rapid population ageing that will occur over the next two decades, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 25 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

External factors threaten Swiss economic recovery, OECD says

Switzerland has made a broadly balanced recovery from the economic crisis, but slower activity in Europe and pressures on the Swiss franc weigh on the near-term outlook, according to the latest Economic Survey of Switzerland.

Tue, 24 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Spain’s development aid much improved, but still needs more focus

Though the economic crisis has forced Spain to cut public spending in the past year, including to development co-operation, its aid has almost doubled since 2003. Spain still has plans to meet the international target of committing 0.7% of its gross national income to development aid.

Mon, 09 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD

29/03/2012 - Slovak Republic should help preschool teachers improve their skills, says OECD, and should encourage preschool teachers to keep improving their qualifications throughout their career and attract more young people, especially men, to the profession

Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Swedish labour migration reform working well but needs more monitoring, says OECD

Sweden’s 2008 reform of its labour migration policy, now one of the most open in the OECD, has helped businesses hire foreign workers quickly and cheaply, without hurting conditions for local workers, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 19 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Uruguay’s tax transparency improving, says OECD’s Gurría

Uruguay has signed 7 new agreements providing for the exchange of tax information, showing its willingness to implement the global standards.

Thu, 15 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Employment: mental health issues rising in workplace, says OECD

Mental illness is a growing problem in society and is increasingly affecting productivity and well-being in the workplace, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 12 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD Steel Committee signals growing uncertainty over industry outlook

The outlook for the global steel market has become more uncertain, according to industry and government officials at the OECD’s Steel Committee meeting in Paris on 5-6 2011 . Policies to support open markets for raw materials are key, they said.

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría welcomes Italian government measures to strengthen public finances

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has welcomed the measures adopted by the Italian government to address fiscal sustainability while boosting growth and equity.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Society: Governments must tackle record gap between rich and poor, says OECD

The gap between rich and poor in OECD countries has reached its highest level for over over 30 years, and governments must act quickly to tackle inequality, according to a new OECD report.

Mon, 05 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Czech Republic should further develop its framework programme for preschool education, says OECD

The Czech Republic should build on the strengths of its preschool education framework to further enhance the quality of its early childhood education and care services, according to a new OECD report.

Thu, 01 Dec 2011 16:43:00 GMT

Tax revenues stabilise in OECD countries in 2010

OECD countries acknowledge that taxes must play a role in the process of fiscal consolidation as they battle unprecedented budget deficits. In 2010, the majority of OECD governments have stabilised their tax to GDP, with the average ratio moving up slightly from 33.8% in 2009 to 33.9% in 2010.

Tue, 29 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: medical care improving but better prevention and management of chronic diseases needed to cut costs, says OECD

Though overall medical care is improving, efforts to prevent and better manage chronic diseases such as diabetes and asthma would improve results and lower costs, according to the OECD’s latest edition of Health at a Glance.

Wed, 23 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reform urgently needed to ensure long-term growth in Czech Republic, says OECD

The Czech economy’s export-driven recovery is slowing as weak activity Europe curbs exports. Swift implementation of new reforms is needed to ensure sustainable, inclusive long-term growth and better resilience to external shocks, according to the latest Economic Survey of the Czech Republic.

Fri, 18 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: The Slovak Republic should integrate environment into its economic development

As the Slovak Republic strives to increase productivity and competitiveness in the recovery from the financial crisis, the OECD Environmental Performance Review of the Slovak Republic recommends that it strengthen environmental policies.

Thu, 10 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: OECD supports Israeli initiative to develop a green growth plan

In recent years Israel has strengthened its environmental policies and now should develop a green growth plan that combines environmental, economic and social policies.

Tue, 08 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum Publishes Report to the G20 on Tax Transparency

Tax Transparency 2011: Report on Progress, a report prepared by the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes, was delivered to the G20 in Cannes and is now available to journalists.&

Fri, 04 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: G20 countries strengthen international tax co-operation

"Tax co-operation and compliance are of crucial importance for all countries and citizens - and not only in times of a tight fiscal and budgetary environment,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría from the Cannes G20 Summit.

Thu, 03 Nov 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Reforms are essential for Brazil to build on recent success, says OECD

The Brazilian economy has made a rapid recovery from the global economic crisis, but further reforms are necessary to boost long-term growth, spur investment and further reduce poverty, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Brazil.

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Global Forum delivers concrete results to the Cannes G20 Summit

“Governments have signed more than 700 agreements to exchange tax information. These agreements have already yielded €14 billion in additional revenues, to 20 countries, from more than 100 000 tax payers who had hidden assets offshore.”

Wed, 26 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

The OECD acknowledges progress made, and says Mexico should further prioritise fighting foreign bribery

Mexico has improved, but needs to give greater priority to the criminal enforcement of bribery and ensure that its criminal law enforcement authorities have all the resources and expertise they need to seriously investigate all allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Korea making notable progress on fighting foreign bribery; further improvements needed, says OECD

Korea has improved its information and intelligence gathering capacity in foreign bribery cases, but should be more proactive in investigating allegations, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 19 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 finance ministers agree new principles to boost financial consumer protection

G20 finance ministers have agreed new principles on financial consumer protection developed by the OECD. “Without consumer trust and confidence we could jeopardise the basis for global economic recovery and growth,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.

Tue, 18 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: Switzerland’s health system is high-performing but must prepare for the future

The Swiss health system is one of the world’s best but must adapt to deal with rising costs and higher rates of cancer, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, according to a new OECD/WHO report.

Mon, 17 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Ireland coming out of the crisis, but challenges remain

The Irish economy still faces tough challenges as the country exits from a deep recession and banking crisis, but its long-term prospects now appear better than many of the other hard hit European countries, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Ireland.

Fri, 14 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD launches new report on measuring well-being

A new OECD report, How's Life, offers a comprehensive picture of what makes up people’s lives in 40 countries worldwide. This is part of the OECD’s ongoing effort to devise new measures for assessing well-being that go beyond GDP.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax reform can create jobs

High unemployment rates, in the wake of the financial and economic crisis, have governments scrambling to create jobs. A new OECD report suggests that well-targeted tax reforms can encourage employers to hire more people and the jobless to look for employment.

Wed, 12 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Labour Ministerial: Joint Statement by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and ILO Director-General Juan Somavia

"200 million people are out of work worldwide, close to the peak recorded at the depth of the Great Recession" warn OECD and ILO at the G20 Labour and Employment Ministers meet in Paris.

Mon, 26 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Jurisdictions move towards full tax transparency

Furthering efforts to fight against international tax evasion and bank secrecy, members of the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes have issued 12 new peer review reports.

Mon, 12 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: OECD's Gurría welcomes draft debt deficit law

The OECD’s welcomes the announcement by the Spanish government last Friday August 26th about having agreed with the opposition parties in Parliament to enshrine a set of deficit limits in the Constitution.

Wed, 31 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: Governments concerned that some corporations unfairly claim losses to avoid taxes

The economic crisis means global corporate losses have increased significantly. Though most of these claims are justified, some corporations use ‘aggressive tax planning’ to avoid taxes. Governments are working together to detect and deter these undue tax advantages.

Tue, 30 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Tax: OECD's Gurría welcomes Italy fiscal plan

The OECD welcomes the comprehensive package approved by the Italian government at the weekend.

Tue, 16 Aug 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Economy: Migration falls again but will pick up with recovery, says OECD

International migration fell in 2009, reflecting lower demand for workers in OECD countries for the second consecutive year after a decade of growth, according to a new OECD report.

Tue, 12 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Austria: Strengthening domestic sources of growth would secure place as ‘Champions League’ economy

Austria should eliminate subsidies which encourage early retirement and target social transfers more effectively, according to the OECD’s latest economic survey.

Mon, 11 Jul 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption: Luxembourg must implement without delay its legislation against the bribery of foreign public officials, says OECD

Luxembourg must step up its efforts to detect and prosecute cases of bribery of foreign public officials, particularly now that its legal framework has been strengthened, in compliance with the Anti-Bribery Convention

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Health: spending continues to outpace economic growth in most OECD countries

Health spending continues to rise faster than economic growth in most OECD countries, maintaining a trend observed since the 1970s. Health spending reached 9.5% of GDP on average in 2009, the most recent year for which figures are available, up from 8.8% in 2008, according to OECD Health Data 2011.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Corruption : OECD recognises Norway’s commitment to the fight against foreign bribery and recommends further improvements

Norway has made significant progress in its efforts against the bribery of foreign public officials in recent years, according to a new OECD report. But more could be done to strengthen enforcement, including by focusing on the confiscation from companies of the proceeds of bribery.

Thu, 30 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OECD’s Gurría congratulates new IMF head Lagarde

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría has congratulated Christine Lagarde on her appointment as the IMF’s next Managing Director.

Wed, 29 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Education: Korea tops new OECD PISA survey of digital literacy

Korea tops a new OECD PISA survey that tests how 15-year olds use computers and the Internet to learn. The next best performers were New Zealand, Australia, Japan, Hong-Kong China and Iceland.

Tue, 28 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Environment: a source of future economic growth in Portugal

Despite Portugal’s economic and political challenges, it is still committed to improving the environment. The government sees green investment in its stimulus package and green tax reform as part of the solution to the national budget deficit.

Mon, 11 Apr 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Iceland: Better coordination among authorities needed to tackle foreign bribery, says OECD

Iceland must do more to ensure its law enforcement authorities are coordinated and adequately resourced to investigate and prosecute economic and financial crime, including foreign bribery, says the OECD in a new report.

Tue, 11 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMT

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Wed, 11 Aug 2010 09:32:08 GMT

Iceland country profile

Key facts, figures and dates

Wed, 04 Aug 2010 07:58:20 GMT

Calls for 'old-fashioned' revolution

Using "good old-fashioned" farming techniques will help deliver a sustainable green revolution in Africa.

Tue, 29 Jun 2010 13:24:59 GMT

Profile: G8

Key facts about the group of leading industrialised countries

Sat, 26 Jun 2010 16:02:15 GMT

A bad reputation

We're all told to watch our carbon footprint these days, but some so-called "environmental nasties" are not as bad as you might think - at least from a carbon point of view, says Mike Berners-Lee.

Tue, 08 Jun 2010 10:46:19 GMT

Footing the World Cup bill

The World Cup is billed as a lucrative affair, but David Goldblatt considers whether South Africa will really reap financial rewards.

Fri, 04 Jun 2010 06:18:52 GMT

Brazil: Key facts and figures

Key facts and figures from Brazil, showing wealth and population distribution, as well as its GDP growth.

Thu, 27 May 2010 07:28:15 GMT

London outside of 'top 30 cities'

London is the only UK city in a global top 50 for quality of living, but comes in at a lowly 39th spot, according to a survey.

Tue, 25 May 2010 22:55:47 GMT

Display Next World Economy from BBC News [bbc.co.uk/news]

Juncker's new start

Jean-Claude Juncker, the new President of the European Commission and his "winning team" start to work officially on 1 November 2014. The former Prime Minister of the small state and fiscal paradise Luxemburg (500,000 inhabitants) is trying to spread the sentiment of breaking new ground for the European Union after five years of financial, economic, and increasingly, political, crisis.

The case of Ebola

The recent outbreak of the Ebola virus in Western Africa which started in December 2013 is leading to media hyped worries about its global spread to developed countries since the first human-to-human transmission of the disease in an US hospital (Dallas/Texas). Despite these concerns the brutal reality of the outbreak in the Western African countries plays only a marginalized role in that global media drama.

Tenacious struggle against tax avoidance

In November 2013, the G20 supported an action plan of the OECD against the '[tax] base erosion and profit shifting' (BEPS), i.e. tax avoidance, by multinational companies. This plan is now being worked out by the members of the OECD and the G20 - a total of 44 states - till the end of 2015.

An era of global turbulence

The illusion of the end of conflict is over. Delegates meeting at the United Nations are facing a world under attack, and responses are so far not matching the manifold crises, writes Martin Khor.

Economic policy alternatives for post-2015

Having avoided a deep depression, stabilized financial markets and recovered the ground lost during the crisis years, there is a growing belief in some policy circles that the global economy is back to normal. But UNCTAD's 2014 Trade and Development Report suggests that tight fiscal policy, flexibilisation of labour markets, active monetary policies and the reliance on buoyant asset prices cannot bring the world economy back to robust health.

Development and social policy in South Asia

South Asia is home to about 22% of the global population; about one third of the population is extremely poor, accounting for about 45% of the global poor living on less than the infamous US$1.25 per day. 70% of the South Asia population lives on less than US$2 per day. With Gini coefficients hovering around 0.35, poverty while omnipresent is less unequal than in many countries of Africa and Latin America.

Ukraine in crisis: The EU's co-responsibility

The EU purports to be part of the solution in Ukraine. Particularly, the EU continues to claim that the proposed Association Agreement will contribute to solving the economic problems of the country. EU Commissioner for Enlargement, Štefan Füle, even raised the possibility of eventually offering an EU membership to Ukraine. There are, however, strong indications that the EU approach creates more problems than it solves.

For an alternative post-2015 development strategy

The UN project of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted at the UN Summit in 2000 is to expire in 2015. Discussions on a new international post-2015 development approach have started and are pursued in New York, Geneva, and Brussels, and in many capitals all over the world by international organizations, governments and civil society. A personal contribution to the debate.

The great revenge of the North?

Plans for a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the European Union and the United States have sparked considerable debate. Among the main issues contested are the lowering of food-safty standards (hormone-treated beef, chlorine-washed chicken), the democratic deficit of the negotiation process, as well as the granting of far-reaching rights and legal privileges to international investors, undermining national law. However, Rainer Falk and Barbara Unmüßig consider a topic thus far left out of critical debate: TTIP's implications for the "rest of the world," particularly for developing and emerging economies.

Nepal: The emergence of a resilient democracy

Three months after elections, a new cabinet was sworn in end of February in Kathmandu. The two largest parties have formed a coalition, with the new Prime Minister from the Congress Party, and 18 ministers from the Congress and UML parties. The mainstream Maoists voted in support but did not join an initially foreseen unity government. Where does the country stand at this moment?

Display Next WDEV World Economy & Development [wdev.eu]

Do informal land markets work for poor people?: an assessment of three metropolitan cities in South Africa: literature review

<p>The literature on urban land generally suggests that there is a straightforward relationship between urban land management and informal land markets. This review paper argues that informal land dynamics and land management processes are more complexly intertwined than the current literature suggests.</p><p>The paper demonstrates that the view that informality and formality co-constitute each other has serious implications for interventions in urban land systems in that it opens up new possibilities for addressing the land processes that appear to impoverish large numbers of urban residents.</p><p>The document reviews a number of focused studies and draw the following conclusions:</p><ul><li>informal land delivery is the main channel for poor people to access land, and non-commercial land access is now restricted</li><li>policies have failed because they have not been based on an understanding of the social rules governing how people act in partly commercialised informal land systems</li><li>extra-legal system operates as the default paradigm, and it is not hostile to the formal legal land market and tenure regime</li><li>future formal policies and practices of land management should be viewed in terms of market regulation, not intervention</li></ul><p>All things considered, the author states that the considerations of how land markets are understood are thoroughly related to the activities and policies of the state. Together these combine to form a view of formal land market activities.</p>

31 Oct 2014 17:47:32 GMT

A ‘Movement Support’ Organisation: The Experience Of The Association For Women’s Rights In Development (AWID)

This article illustrates how AWID&rsquo;s &lsquo;movement support&rsquo; model &ndash; based on collaboration and channels of dialogue with&nbsp;its membership and broader constituency &ndash; is helping to advance&nbsp;its shared goals of human rights, peace, gender justice and environmental sustainability worldwide.

31 Oct 2014 16:35:29 GMT

Even it up: time to end extreme inequality

<p>Using new research and examples, this report shows the scale of the problem of extreme economic inequality, and reveals the multiple dangers it poses to people everywhere. It identifies the two powerful driving forces that have led to the rapid rise in inequality in so many countries: market fundamentalism and the capture of politics by elites. The report then highlights some of the concrete steps that can be taken to tackle this threat, and presents evidence that change can happen.</p><p>The report highlights the following recommendations:</p><ul><li>make governments work for citizens&nbsp; and tackle extreme inequality</li><li>promote women&rsquo;s economic equality and women&rsquo;s rights</li><li>pay workers a living wage and close the gap with skyrocketing executive reward</li><li>share the tax burden fairly to level the playing field</li><li>close international tax loopholes and fill holes in tax governance</li><li>achieve universal free public services for all by 2020</li><li>change the global system for research and development (r&amp;d) and for pricing of medicines, to ensure access for all to appropriate and affordable medicines</li><li>implement a universal social protection floor</li><li>target development finance towards reducing inequality and poverty, and strengthening the compact between citizens and their government</li></ul>

31 Oct 2014 13:05:23 GMT

Investigation
into
the
delays
in
issuing
title
deeds
to
beneficiaries
of
housing
projects
funded
by
the
capital
subsidy: desktop review

<p>South Africa&rsquo;s housing policy was launched in 1994 with a key component being the housing subsidy scheme which promised to deliver one million houses in five years. Since that date the Department of Human Settlements estimates that it has delivered approximately 2.8 million houses to qualifying beneficiaries throughout South Africa, through this scheme. These houses have been delivered through a variety of subsidy mechanisms, with the most predominant being the provision of a small low cost house on a stand to a qualifying individual, free of or at a minimal charge, on an ownership basis (often called &lsquo;RDP houses&rsquo;).</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>The report emphasises that duly conferred legal title, as registered in the deeds registry, is critical to enable a functioning housing market, that it creates certainty in legal transactions and provides &ldquo;a central, unchallengeable repository of ownership&rdquo;. Recognising that subsidised houses have extremely limited potential to function as an asset without the provision of formal title, the report identifies the objective of ensuring that formal transfer occurs as quickly and as efficiently as possible.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>The report draws its recommendations from the recommendations of previous reports provided by various institutions addressing the provision of formal title. Some of these recommendations are set out below:</p><ul><li>FinMark Trust, Workings of Township Property Markets, Cadastral Review (Shisaka, 2004): This report notes that there is a need to adjust the existing deeds registration system so as to deal effectively with the enormous backlogs that exist, as well as to make it more appropriate and effective in respect of lower income property markets. The report further argues that a significant contributor to blockages in registering title and in transferring title is the absence of service providers in the affordable housing market.</li><li>The Secondary Markets report (2005) recommends that title deed inaccuracies are corrected and that properties encumbered by multiple informal transactions should be resolved in order to ensure that the title deed has a former &lsquo;owner&rsquo;. The report further recommends that the problem of individuals accessing the required documentation for the transfer process should be resolved including personal documents through the Department of Home Affairs.</li><li>The Breaking New Ground plan released in February 2009 recommends that the Department of Human Settlements (DHS) implement a monitoring system at project close-out in which a dwelling not be considered &ldquo;delivered&rdquo; or included in official statistics until all the conveyancing requirements have been completed. The report also recommends that the Department of Human Settlements works jointly with the Department of Land Affairs and Deeds Registries &ldquo;to ensure that the backlogs in title are resolved urgently&rdquo;.</li></ul>

30 Oct 2014 13:51:38 GMT

Investigation into the delays in issuing title deeds to beneficiaries of housing projects funded by the capital subsidy

<p>Recognising that subsidised houses in South Africa have limited potential to function as an asset without the provision of formal title, the report identifies the objective of ensuring that formal transfer to subsidy beneficiaries occurs as quickly and as efficiently as possible.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>The combination of the rigorous processes for the proclamation and establishment of townships, the pressure on provinces and municipalities to deliver at scale and the fact that there is no longer any financial incentive to register a subsidy housing asset has resulted in a huge backlog of subsidy houses (estimated at approximately 1.8 million) which do not have registered title and in many cases are not even located in an established township. In addition, there are currently no mechanisms for addressing this backlog.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>With respect to these subsidy houses where there is no title, the investigation found that in South Africa:</p><ul><li>A high number are likely to be located in un-proclaimed and/or un-established townships</li><li>Where townships are established there has been no transfer of title to individual beneficiaries</li><li>It is not certain if the original beneficiary is still in the property as they may have &ldquo;absconded&rdquo; or sold the property informally.</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><p>The investigation further found that even in properties where registered title was provided, the owner registered in the Deeds Registry is, in a significant proportion of cases, unlikely to be the current occupant.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Overall, it is concluded, both in respect of new properties being developed and the backlog that exists in the subsidised housing market sector, that the problem will continue and worsen and could reach a point where it is irredeemable, unless something radically different is undertaken. Moreover, given the significant proportion of the subsidised residential properties already registered in the Deeds Registry (25% to 30% of all residential properties), degradation of titling in respect of these properties could undermine the effectiveness and credibility of title across all residential property title.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>Therefore, the investigation recommends intervention in terms of two areas:</p><ul><li>Improving the extent to which registration occurs in respect of new subsidy housing</li><li>Resolving the issue of properties where registration has not occurred</li></ul>

30 Oct 2014 13:39:13 GMT

Them belly full (but we hungry): Food rights struggles in Bangladesh, India, Kenya and Mozambique

<p>This report synthesises the findings from the four country case studies produced for the Food Riots and Food Rights project. It is intended as a summary introduction to the main findings of the research, and a preliminary comparative analysis across the four cases.</p><p>The green revolution and the global integration of food markets were supposed to relegate scarcity to the annals of history. So why did thousands of people in dozens of countries take to the streets when world food prices spiked in 2008 and 2011? Are food riots the surest route to securing the right to food in the 21st century?</p><p>The research synthesised here interrogates this moment of historical rupture in the global food system through comparative analysis of Bangladesh, India, Kenya and Mozambique in the period 2007-12.&nbsp;</p><p>The core insight of the research is summarised in the title: Them Belly Full (But We Hungry) refers to the moral fury aroused by the knowledge that some people are thriving while &ndash; or because &ndash; others are going hungry. This anger rejects gross inequalities of power and resources as intolerable; it signals that food inequalities have a particularly embodied power &ndash; that food is special. Food unites and mobilises people to resist.</p>

30 Oct 2014 09:35:35 GMT

Do informal land markets work for poor people?: an assessment of three metropolitan cities in South Africa: analysis of legislation

<p>This paper seeks to determine what the effects of the regulatory system are on the ability of the urban poor to access, trade and hold land in South Africa.</p><p>The paper indicates that many of South Africa&rsquo;s tenure regulations are carry-overs from the apartheid era; therefore, they have increasingly become inappropriate for use in the new dispensation. In addition, the regulatory mechanisms are often not pro-poor, and indeed, they often work against the urban poor. At the same time, a sense of disjointedness and lack of coherence in reform initiatives emerges.</p><p>The document finds that this situation presents a formidable challenge to land development projects, and introduces the following recommendations: &nbsp;</p><ul><li>regulatory mechanisms need more built in provisions that explicitly cater for the urban poor; innovation and simplification to accommodate the urban poor is required</li><li>less restrictive modes of urban land use governance that targets greater flexibility and accommodation is needed</li><li>any regulatory reform initiatives need to go hand in hand with enabling state institutions to properly administer the new and changed ways of doing things</li></ul><p>Simultaneously, the author states that there is a need to scrutinise what positive elements the urban poor use to access hold and trade in land and where possible, provide these as alternatives to the more formalised systems.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

29 Oct 2014 22:11:55 GMT

End review of FDC’s project to strengthen the Exp anded Programme on Immunization (EPI) in the Zambézia province, Mozambique

<p>This report is an end review of Funda&ccedil;&atilde;o para o Desenvolvimento da Comunidade (FDC)&rsquo;s project to support the implementation of the Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) in the Zamb&eacute;zia province. The purposes of the project were the following:<br />&bull; to improve the system of distribution and conservation of vaccines in health units<br />&bull; to promote the use of gas as an alternative to kerosene and firewood<br />&bull; to improve access to sources of environmentally friendly energy by communities<br />The Royal Norwegian Embassy in Maputo (RNE) funded the project, which had total budget of NOK 15.5 million (approximately USD 2.7 million), and the project was implemented in the period 2010 to 2013. Overlapping with this project period, other donors have funded (and are funding) the province&rsquo;s health sector with more than USD 77 million, but there has been no or limited coordination between the projects. The team concludes that while the reviewed project has greatly contributed to improving the cold chain in the province, the energy source that was introduced through the project to secure the cold chain - gas - has proved very expensive, unreliable when organized by the province authorities, and with poor prospects for sustainability. Only two years after the gasfridges were donated by the project, they are in the process of being replaced with solar fridges by another donor. Health workers express a strong preference for solar equipment. Approximately one third of the FDC project funds were spent on infrastructure for the privately owned company VidaGas to enable this company to supply gas to the gas fridges and lamps introduced by the project and to the local population. Since the gas fridges are now being replaced, and since the local population has not adopted gas for cooking, there is the danger that this investment has long term benefits for the company only, and not for the health sector. FDC owns one third of the gas company and was therefore biased in the choice of technology to secure the cold chain.</p>

29 Oct 2014 21:17:44 GMT

Added value. Added cost? Evaluation of Norwegian support through and to umbrella and network organisations in civil society

<p>About five per cent of Norwegian support to civil society organisations is channelled via Norwegian umbrella and network organisations. These organisations serve as an intermediary between Norad and civil society organisations with regard to channeling funds, quality assurance, reporting and other functions, as well as engaging in advocacy on behalf of their members.</p><p>The objectives of this evaluation were to establish and assess the theory of change and the assumptions behind the Norwegian support through and to UNOs, and to assess the effectiveness efficiency and added value of this modality for support based on case studies in Nepal and Tanzania. The team was also asked to compare support through umbrella and network organisations with alternative ways to channel support to civil society development.</p><p>The evaluation focuses on umbrella and network organisations as a model, and did not aim at assessing any one organisation in particular.&nbsp; Eight Norwegian organisations were included in the evaluation:<br />&bull;Atlas-Alliance (Umbrella Organisation for the Disabled)<br />&bull;Digni (Umbrella Organisation based on Christian Values)<br />&bull;FOKUS (Forum for Women and Development)<br />&bull;ForUM (Forum for Environment and Development)<br />&bull;PWYP (Publish What You Pay) Norway<br />&bull;VNS (Friendship North-South)<br />&bull;DCG (Drylands Coordination Group)<br />&bull;LNU (The Norwegian Children and Youth Council)</p>

29 Oct 2014 20:18:30 GMT

Impact of fertilizer use on weed management in conservation agriculture - a review

<p>Intensive farming has been adopted to produce large amounts of food grains and cash crops but environment is being deteriorated at alarming rate also. Increased use of fertilizers, pesticides, chemical growth regulators, machinery and poor management practices are accelerating environmental pollution, soil degradation, global warming, climatic change and food deterioration. Conservation agriculture offers a sustainable solution for all these problems most often. This review focuses the use of fertilizers in conservation agriculture and their impact on weed management. Weeds are major constraint in the productivity of agro-ecosystems. Fertilizer use can influence weed emergence, weed persistence, weed dormancy, weed dynamics, weed growth and weed dispersion attributes. The rate, timing, type and method of fertilizer application affect biological trends of weeds. In conservation tillage systems, the interaction between fertilizers and weeds is very complex, and there are reports of positive as well as negative correlations with weed establishment. Altered physical and chemical properties of reduced-tillage soils result in different weed growth and weed-crop competition periods and thus have indirect impacts on weed control strategies and management options in conservation crop production.</p><p>[Taken from authors]</p>

29 Oct 2014 17:08:40 GMT

Home based entrepreneurs

<p>To understand why not many South Africans consider their house as an asset that can build wealth, and how the economic asset potential of housing can be promoted as a strategy to alleviate poverty, a study into housing entrepreneurs was carried out in Gauteng in 2005 and 2006, by Shisaka Development Management Services. The research team conducted 350 interviews with home based entrepreneurs in three townships (Katlehong, Orlando East and Mamelodi), and two inner cities (Hillbrow and Berea in Johannesburg, and Sunnyside and Pretoria Central in Tshwane) in Gauteng.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>The study finds that housing provides a critical platform from which entrepreneurs build their businesses. As small scale ventures, home based enterprises offer residents an opportunity to generate an income while also building the value of their housing asset.&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>The study also finds three distinct categories of Home-based enterprises (HBEs) and identifies that each needs a different policy response:</p><ul><li>Subsistence HBEs generally earn less than R1000 per month, and operate informally. Many started their business because they could not find formal work and needed to survive. The HBE is their only source of income.</li><li>Sustainable HBEs generally earn between R1000 and R2499. Similar to subsistence HBEs, more are formal and more perceive their business to be growing. Sixty-six per cent say they made money in the business.</li><li>Growing HBEs have different characteristics from the other two categories, with higher degrees of formality, greater profitability (70% say they made money) and an eye for opportunity.</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><p>The study makes recommendations in three main areas:</p><ul><li>Policy: The &rdquo;Breaking New Ground&rdquo; (government&rsquo;s policy for the development of sustainable human settlements) must be made explicit and must also carry on beyond housing, within the departments of trade and industry, provincial and local government, social development and finance, at the national, provincial and local spheres. A regulatory impact assessment should be undertaken to consider the kind of enabling environment that would be specifically relevant to HBEs. This review should include business regulations (registration, reporting, tax), land use and building regulations (including by-laws and zoning), and health and safety regulations.</li><li>Financial product: Financial institutions need to understand the specific nature of their HBE clients, and tailor their credit and other products to suit the specific needs of HBE operators.</li><li>Support: Government, the private sector and NGO&rsquo;s should actively identify opportunities for HBE growth and provide the necessary support and advice at the local level.</li></ul>

29 Oct 2014 16:46:07 GMT

Improving land sector governance in South Africa implementation of the land governance assessment framework

<p>Land governance and administration are critical for achieving economic growth and development in any country. It is within this context that the World Bank introduced the Land Governance Assessment Framework (LGAF) for identifying specific areas for land reform while also providing a means for monitoring.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>This report serves as the country report for South Africa. It provides an outline of the process, background information on the country, an assessment of land governance and the concomitant policy analysis, recommendations and conclusions. The report is intended to be a resource document for government and other land practitioners within the non-governmental and private sectors to guide policy development and interventions within the land sector.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>In South Africa, the application of the LGAF has been challenging due to its economy (including a formal land market) and informal systems in communal land areas. However, the application of the LGAF within the South African context was useful in providing a &ldquo;snap shot&rdquo; of the state of land governance in the country. It managed to expose the obvious successes and failures and the sophistication and the lack thereof within the current system. The duality of land governance that is the formal in juxtaposition to the informal was demonstrated through the use of the methodology, which assessed land governance in the following themes:</p><ul><li>Land tenure</li><li>Urban land use planning and development</li><li>Rural land use and land policy</li><li>Land valuation and taxation</li><li>Public land management</li><li>Public provision of land information</li><li>Dispute resolution</li><li>Large scale land acquisition</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;The report recommends further examination of the following areas:</p><ul><li>Time based on large scale land acquisition within the African sub region</li><li>The preparation of a methodology and tools for supporting municipalities in the implementation of an incremental tenure approach</li><li>The determination of a possible legal framework for supporting the implementation of an incremental tenure approach</li><li>Support with the drafting of suitable legislation for enforcing communal land rights</li></ul>

29 Oct 2014 16:16:55 GMT

Towards effective state interventions to improve access by the poor to urban land markets

<p>The main objective of this study is to investigate and discuss ways in which the state should intervene around urban land issues, within the context of its relationship to the private sector, in order to improve the access of poorer and excluded sectors of South African urban society to land, housing, and services. To achieve this, the study discusses state-driven market-related mechanisms which are emerging in South Africa with reference to practice developed in different parts of the world.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>The study finds that the historical land ownership patterns have thus not emerged through the operation of some &lsquo;unfettered&rsquo; or natural property market, but through targeted legislation which has actively dispossessed and displaced the poor.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>The study argues that the state will need to build solidly on their planned innovations to address ownership patterns and the urban land markets by moving beyond only voluntary deals with the private sector and begin to boldly regulate to open up access to urban land. The study recommends that many different arms of state must begin to share more coherently a devotion to the achievement of better access to land and markets for the poor in South African cities and towns, and continue to bring in all sides of civil society to unite around this outcome.</p>

29 Oct 2014 15:36:07 GMT

The role of the private sector in financing for development from a feminist perspective

This essay/blog provides a feminist perspective on the increasing role of the private sector in development and how it is presenting serious obstacles and challenges for the advancement of women’s rights and gender equality.Corporate actors are seen to be emphasising women as a key constituency of consumers, economic agents and small-scale entrepreneurs, but the piece highlights that without broader social changes, women’s entrepreneurship alone would not solve the equation. Transformative solutions require addressing the rules and design of global trade and finance systems, tax evasion and illicit financing flows; as well as the structural drivers of inequality like violence against women, the right to bodily, sexual and economic autonomy at different levels.The author suggests that a strong accountability and compliance with Human Rights standards are needed as currently, there are no binding governance and accountability mechanisms in place to ensure that Public-Private Partnerships will align with national and local development needs.

29 Oct 2014 15:17:26 GMT

Transforming the development agenda requires more, not less, attention to human rights | openDemocracy

<p>This essay/blog by Radhika Balakrishnan (Executive Director of the Center for Women&#39;s Global Leadership, and a Professor of Women&#39;s and Gender Studies, at Rutgers University), and Ignacio Saiz, (Executive Director of the Center for Economic and Social Rights (CESR), provides an overview of the current debate around the inclusion of human rights in the draft sustainable development goals (SDGs). They note that although the SDGS are more aligned with human rights obligations than the MDGs, they still fail to boost accountability of both public and private actors in upholding these commitments. The draft SDGs do little to hold powerful economies or companies to account for their roles in contributing to great structural inequalities in the global economic and financial systems which fuel poverty and inequality. In response many developing countires have used this double standard to object to the inclusion of governance and gender-related human rights commitments &ndash; fearing a repeat of the skewed accountability of the MDGS &ndash; where compliance with human rights especially around civil and political freedom became tools of aid conditionality. To address this situation the authors make a number of recommendations for the SDGs: &bull; Highlight the obligations of wealthier states to protect human rights beyond their borders: &bull; Include a stronger push for corporate accountability &bull; The human rights community must build more effective platforms and alliances with development and social justice and environmental movement in order to amplify human rights debates.</p>

29 Oct 2014 15:10:33 GMT

World Survey on the Role of Women in Development 2014: Gender Equality and Sustainable Development

<p>UN Women has launched the report of a five-yearly survey that demonstrates why gender equality must be at the centre of sustainable development. The report is well timed to link in with current global debates around the definition of the Sustainable Development Goals and the emergence of the post-2015 framework.</p><p>The 2014 report focuses on gender equality and sustainable development, with chapters on the green economy and care work, food security, population dynamics, and investments for gender-responsive sustainable development. It recommends concrete policy actions to move towards an economically, socially and environmentally sustainable future, in which all women and girls, men and boys enjoy their human rights.</p><p>It also compliments the World Survey 2014 by providing recommendations for the selected areas of gender equality which it emphasises. The World Survey uses three criteria to assess whether policy actions and investments for sustainable development adequately address gender equality. Do they support women&#39;s capabilities and their enjoyment of rights? Do they reduce, rather than increase, women&#39;s unpaid care work? And do they embrace women&#39;s equal and meaningful participation as actors, leaders and decision-makers?</p><p>Overall it offers a comprehensive set of recommendations for gender-responsive policy actions and investments towards sustainable development.</p>

29 Oct 2014 15:03:27 GMT

The Global Gender Gap Report 2014 - full report

<p>In this year&rsquo;s Global Gender Gap Report 2014, the World Economic Forum quantifies the magnitude of gender-based disparities and tracks their progress over time. The Global Gender Gap Index presented in the report seeks to measure the relative gaps between women and men across four key areas: health, education, economy and politics. It identifies those countries that are role models in equitably allocating their resources between women and men, regardless of the overall level of those resources. To complement this, the Country Profiles contain a comprehensive set of supporting information that provides the broader context on laws, social norms and policies within a country. This year&rsquo;s Report also provides unique new insights on the pace of change, and where change is coming from, based on almost a decade of data.</p><p>The <a href="http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GGGR14/GGGR_CompleteReport_2014.pdf">full report</a> is available in PDF format and the World Economic Forum website also provides a kind of &lsquo;<a href="http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2014/?utm_content=buffer9bb46&amp;utm_medium=social&amp;utm_source=facebook.com&amp;utm_campaign=buffer">minisite</a>&rsquo; specifically on the Global Gender Gap report that breaks down key sections within report and includes a <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=APO75_9svCA">video</a>, blog and social media commentary and a &lsquo;Heatmap&rsquo; &ndash; amongst other things.</p>

29 Oct 2014 14:57:22 GMT

Maternity and paternity at work – Law and practice across the world

<p>This report provides a picture of where we stand and what we have learned so far about maternity and paternity rights across the world. It offers a rich international comparative analysis of law and practice relating to maternity protection at work in 185 countries and territories, comprising leave, cash benefits, employment protection and non-discrimination, health protection, breastfeeding arrangements at work and childcare. Expanding on previous editions, it is based on an extensive set of new legal and statistical indicators, including coverage in law and in practice of paid maternity leave as well as statutory provision of paternity and parental leave and their evolution over the last 20 years.<br /><br />The report also takes account of the recent economic crisis and austerity measures. It shows how well national laws and practice conform to the ILO Maternity Protection Convention, 2000 (No. 183), its accompanying Recommendation (No. 191) and the Workers with Family Responsibilities Convention, 1981 (No. 156), and offers guidance on policy design and implementation.<br /><br />This report shows that a majority of countries have established legislation to protect and support maternity and paternity at work, even if those provisions do not always meet the ILO standards. One of the persistent challenges is the effective implementation of legislation, to ensure that all workers are able to benefit from these essential labour rights.</p>

29 Oct 2014 14:38:56 GMT

Superfood for babies

<p>This report is a call to action for the world to rediscover the importance of breastfeeding and for a commitment to support mothers to breastfeed their babies, especially in the poorest communities in the poorest countries. It calls for world leaders, international institutions and multinational companies to take action to ensure that every infant is given the life-saving protection that breastfeeding can offer.</p><p>All countries should put breastfeeding at the centre of efforts to improve infant and child nutrition, and should develop specific breastfeeding strategies as well as including breastfeeding in their nutrition strategies. Countries that are developing plans as part of the SUN movement should ensure that they address all of the obstacles identified in this report that deter optimal breastfeeding practices.</p><p>To overcome harmful practices and tackle breastfeeding taboos, developing country governments must fund projects that focus on changing the power and gender dynamics in the community to empower young women to make their own decisions. They need to include fathers and husbands, grandmothers and local leaders in their work.</p>

29 Oct 2014 14:34:03 GMT

Re-examining identities and power: gender in peacebuilding in Colombia

<p>As part of a four-country research project on gender in peacebuilding, this report examines the case of Colombia, where society has been deeply affected by both decades of armed conflict as well as high levels of criminal violence. The research approaches the challenges of peacebuilding in Colombia from a &lsquo;gender-relational&rsquo; angle, which looks at men, women and trans- and intersex persons as gendered beings, takes into account the interaction between gender identities and other markers such as age, class, disability, marital status and the like, and examines how these identities are constructed relationally to one another. Gender is not seen as a &lsquo;technical&rsquo; peacebuilding issue, but as a lens through which to analyse societal norms, identities and power dynamics.</p><p>After giving a background to the history of violent conflict in Colombia and its gendered dynamics, the report examines three local civil society organisations that, in their own way, approach peacebuilding in a gender-relational way. The three organisations are: Association of Women of Eastern Antioquia (Asociacion de Mujeres del Oriente Antioque&ntilde;o, AMOR), a women&rsquo;s organisation that is increasingly working on issues of both femininities and masculinities; Wayuumunsurat/Mujeres Tejiendo Paz (Women Weaving Peace), an organisation led by indigenous women working for transitional justice and gender equality; and Santamaria Foundation (Santamar&iacute;a Fundaci&oacute;n, SF), a trans-women&rsquo;s rights organisation. Based on field research, an examination of the work of the three above-mentioned organisations and an extensive analysis of secondary sources, the report provides a gendered analysis of four focal areas of peacebuilding:</p><ul><li>the economic and livelihoods dimensions of peacebuilding;</li><li>intergenerational conflict and age&ndash;gender dynamics;</li><li>permutations and continuums of violence; and</li><li>access to justice.</li></ul><p>The report concludes with a summary and an outlook as Colombia hopefully enters a new phase of peacebuilding &ndash;&nbsp;if and when the Colombian state and the FARC conclude a peace agreement.<br />[Summary adapted from author]</p>

29 Oct 2014 13:16:28 GMT

Infant and Young Child Feeding programming status

<p>This UNICEF publication presents the results of the 2010-2011 assessment of key actions for comprehensive infant and young child feeding programmes in 65 countries.</p><p> This comprehensive IYCF situation assessment was conducted with the primary objective of providing an up-to-date overview of the scope and scale of IYCF programming and implementation status globally, which will enable gaps and constraints as well as areas of achievement to be highlighted and actions to strengthen the programmes identified. </p>

29 Oct 2014 10:56:38 GMT

Introducing infant and young child feeding indicators into national nutrition surveillance systems: lessons from Vietnam

<p>A comprehensive set of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators for international use was published in 2008. We describe the process followed to incorporate these indicators into Vietnam&rsquo;s National Nutrition Surveillance System (NNSS).</p><p>Following its establishment in 1980, the National Institute of Nutrition introduced the Vietnam NNSS to provide an evidence base for nutrition interventions. While anthropometric indicators based on international standards were regularly used for programme purposes, data on IYCF could not be collected with similar rigor until 2010.</p><p>In 2009, with support from Alive &amp; Thrive and UNICEF, the NNSS questionnaire was reviewed and additional content incorporated to measure IYCF practices. The tool was pilot-tested in 10 provinces and revised before nationwide roll-out in 2010.The tool comprises four pages, the first three of which focus on collecting data relating to maternal nutrition and IYCF. The last page is flexibly designed to incorporate planners&rsquo; data requests for other relevant activities (e.g. mass media interventions, food security). Once analysed, the data are presented in a report comprising provincial profiles and maps illustrating IYCF practices. Importantly, the IYCF data have been used for policy advocacy (e.g. maternity leave legislation, advertisement law), programme planning, trend monitoring and capacity building.</p><p>Adoption of the IYCF indicators was successful due to strategic timing, a phased approach, buy-in from stakeholders and capacity building at all levels to ensure the quality and use of data. Further revisions to the NNSS (e.g. sampling methodology, quality assurance systems) will be important to ensure the reliability of indicators.</p>

29 Oct 2014 10:06:52 GMT

Developing evidence-based advocacy and policy change strategies to protect, promote, and support infant and young child feeding

<p>The objective of this research is to develop evidence-based advocacy strategies in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Vietnam to enable policy change and to increase investments in and ensure scale-up and sustainability of IYCF programs.</p><p>Methods used include: Situational analysis, formative and opinion leader research, and stakeholder consultations were used to develop three contextualized advocacy strategies.<br /><br />Data were used to determine how IYCF was perceived and prioritized, identify opinion leaders and partners, identify barriers to and opportunities for strengthening commitment, and select messages, materials, and communication channels. Opinion leader research showed that malnutrition was a concern but not a priority for policy action. Where food security was an issue, poverty reduction strategies rather than IYCF programs were viewed as the solution. Few opinion leaders were aware of the importance of the first 1,000 days of life. In addition to policy gaps, awareness and implementation of existing policies were limited. This was often complicated by intragovernment conflicts and perspectives. Advocacy messages needed to be evidence based and delivered by credible champions. Engaging medical associations and the media presented an opportunity rarely leveraged in IYCF advocacy.<br /><br />Although sociopolitical contexts may vary, awareness of the importance of IYCF is an overarching advocacy challenge. Consequently, investments in IYCF programmes and policies lag. Evidence-based advocacy design has a potential for impact on national policies, investments, and commitment to implementation and should be used more widely to inform programme design.</p>

29 Oct 2014 09:37:46 GMT

Do informal land markets work for poor people?: an assessment of three metropolitan cities in South Africa

<p>This research investigates the extra-legal ways in which poor people access, trade and hold urban land in different types of settlements in three South African metropolitan areas.</p><p>The document shows that poor people generally are able to access land quickly and efficiently through informal transactions. Correspondingly, the author finds that there are clear advantages to maintaining the benefits of the nature of the processes that poor people have developed for accessing the city and creating a different environment in which poor people can generate wealth.</p><p>The paper argues that:</p><ul><li>it is necessary for policymakers to acknowledge the complexity of informal transactions because a limitation of current urban policy for supporting poor people is that it does not engage with this complexity</li><li>the key categories for understanding informal transactions are people&rsquo;s social identities, the social networks to which they belong and the types of claims they can make on the use, value or products of the land</li></ul><p>Policy implications contain:</p><ul><li>de-link poor people&rsquo;s residence in informal settlements from their position in the queue for state land and housing benefits</li><li>guarantee a minimum set of standards of access to services in informal settlements and enforce these standards</li><li>spend more money to differentiate between the different land that is available to poor people to create more diversity</li></ul>

28 Oct 2014 20:42:50 GMT

Global Estimates 2014: People displaced by disasters

<p>IDMC&rsquo;s latest Global Estimates report shows that 22 million people were displaced in 2013 by disasters brought on by natural hazard events. As in previous years, the worst affected region is Asia, where 19 million people, or 87.1 per cent of the global total, were displaced during the year. Although both wealthy and poorer countries are affected, developing countries bear the brunt, accounting for more than 85 per cent of displacement. In the Philippines, typhoon Haiyan alone displaced 4.1 million people, a million more than in Africa, the Americas, Europe and Oceania combined. Viewed relative to population size, seasonal floods also caused significant displacement in sub-Saharan Africa, most notably in Niger, Chad, Sudan and South Sudan &ndash; countries with highly vulnerable populations who are also affected by conflict and drought.</p>

28 Oct 2014 16:59:15 GMT

The risk of disaster-induced displacement in south-east Asia and China

<p>With a focus on countries in south-east Asia and China, this is IDMC&rsquo;s fourth regional study on disaster-related displacement risk.</p><p>Based on over four decades of data from the ASEAN Member States and China, IDMC has applied its probabilistic displacement risk model to calculate the scale, scope and patterns of future displacement caused by rapid-onset hazards in these countries. The primary intended audience for this paper are people in national and regional governments responsible for reducing and managing disaster risks and for protecting the rights of internally displaced persons (IDPs).</p>

28 Oct 2014 16:45:53 GMT

Unfinished business: Kenya’s efforts to address displacement and land issues in Coast Region

<p>The report analyses displacement in Coast region and identifies tensions over land tenure and poor land governance as key triggers, and obstacles to durable solutions. It provides examples of land issues underlying displacement caused by generalised violence, disasters and human rights violations, and establishes a close link between tenure insecurity and forced evictions. Disputes arise from competing land claims and incompatibility between formal and informal tenure systems. Disasters meanwhile increase competition for limited resources, including land, and contribute to violence between herders and farmers.</p><p>The report acknowledges the government&rsquo;s significant steps to fulfil its national responsibility to prevent, mitigate and resolve internal displacement, particularly from a law &amp; policy perspective. The failure, however, to adopt or implement relevant legal and policy frameworks on land and internal displacement, poses significant challenges, which this report also discusses. These include a lack of adequate stakeholder awareness about the instruments in question, delays in the establishment of the bodies mandated to oversee their implementation, funding shortages and weak land governance at various levels.</p>

28 Oct 2014 16:35:17 GMT

Drugs, (dis)order and agrarian change: the political economy of drugs and its relevance to international drug policy

<p>n May 2014 the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) hosted a workshop, co-funded by NOREF and Christian Aid, designed to facilitate dialogue between scholars working on the political economy of drugs, conflict and development in Asia, Africa and Latin America. The workshop explored how political economy perspectives, derived from long-term empirical research on drugs-affected regions, can enhance understanding of, and policy responses to, drug production and trafficking. This approach, rather than seeing drugs as &ldquo;exceptional&rdquo; and &ldquo;criminal&rdquo;, seeks to situate the role of illicit economies within broader processes of state formation and agrarian change.</p><p><br />Contributions to the workshop revealed the highly differentiated and context-specific dynamics of drug economies, and how different configurations of institutions and security markets can lead to different kinds of relationships between drugs, statebuilding, agrarian change and development. This research does not lend itself to simple policy narratives or prescriptions, but it does suggest that there can be no universal and de-contextualised solutions to &ldquo;the drug problem&rdquo;. Dogmatic and irreconcilable positions, adopted by both those advocating harsher prohibition and those arguing for blanket decriminalisation, fail to reflect sufficiently on the impacts such policies will have on drug-producing countries. A more grounded, comparative perspective is urgently needed in an arena where policies are often anything but evidence based and where data are patchy or politicised. Counter-narcotic (CN) strategies, based on a reification of the perceived linkages between drugs, instability and state fragility, often provide only a partial, and in some cases deeply misleading, insight into the economic and political orders that emerge around drug production.</p><p><br />Political economy provides a corrective to these deeply entrenched biases and blind spots, by incorporating an analysis of aspects of drug economies and counter narcotics (CN) strategies that are frequently treated as residual or circumvented, including the varying levels and types of violence surrounding drug economies; the complex motives of those involved in drug production and trafficking; the linkages between licit and illicit commodities in processes of agrarian transformation; the potential developmental outcomes of drugs economies; the relationship between illicit economies and differing configurations of authority and rule; and a socially differentiated account of who gains and who loses from counter-narcotics policies. In doing so, political economy approaches provide a powerful analytical lens for developing a more contextually attuned public policy on drugs.</p>

28 Oct 2014 16:20:48 GMT

The financing of international peace operations in Africa: a review of recent research and analyses

<p>Mobilising the necessary financial, material, and logistical resources has been a major challenge to conducting peace operations in Africa that has often exposed the dependence of African states on the international community to act in their crises. Pan-Africanism has long called for Africans taking more responsibility for security and development. Beyond the urge to take responsibility is the realisation that international organisations do not have the capacity, nor their member states the political will, to intervene in all the crises in Africa, and that African regional organisations might be better equipped to respond efficiently and effectively to threats to peace and security.</p><p>This working paper represents a first attempt to address these issues by reviewing the evolution of financing peace operations in Africa. The goal is to provide a background for the evolution of financing mechanisms and to stir debate on the future of financing peace operations by evaluating current practices and ideas. While recent reforms have brought about some improvement, they have not fundamentally solved the problems that inhibit the adequate and rapid deployment of African resources, materials, and personnel to address crises on the continent. In addition to addressing the duplication of structures and waste of resources, significant efforts must be made to evaluate previous and potential financing mechanisms to come up with alternatives that reduce African dependence on international donors.</p><p>[Summary adapted from source]</p>

28 Oct 2014 13:57:23 GMT

Systems thinking for health systems strengthening

<p>This document provides conceptual thinking on health systems, system-level interventions and health systems strengthening. It introduces and explores systems thinking and what it means for the health system as an overall primer to the issues and relevant literature.</p><p>The document also introduces the scientific rationale for evaluation that take a systems perspective and illustrates, in ten steps, how interventions with a system-wide impact could be better designed and evaluated.&nbsp;<span style="line-height:1.6em">This includes guidance for developing conceptual frameworks and understanding system-wide implications, and an overview of relevant interventuion design and evaluation questions, choice of indicators, and how to match evaluation designs to intervention designs.</span></p><p>The challenges and opportunities of applying systems thinking are also discussed. The report concludes by&nbsp;reflecting on the way forward for systems thinking for health systems strengthening and provides a set of ideas for various stakeholders.&nbsp;</p>

28 Oct 2014 13:06:37 GMT

Improving tuberculosis case detection: a compendium of TB REACH case studies, lessons learned and a monitoring and evaluation framework

<p>This document is not meant to be prescriptive&nbsp;and should not be used as a guideline. Instead,&nbsp;it provides ideas and context for various&nbsp;approaches that can be adapted, measured and&nbsp;evaluated. Its intended use is for National TB Programmes (NTPs) and&nbsp;their partners who are interested in improving&nbsp;TB case notification and in benefiting from the&nbsp;lessons others have learned.</p><p>The document provides an introduction to the TB REACH Initiative, as well as presenting a monitoring and evaluation framework for active case finding interventions, along with a number of case studies, and a section on further reading.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

28 Oct 2014 12:39:26 GMT

Myanmar: the politics of Rakhine State

<p>The situation in Rakhine State contains a toxic mixture of historical centre-periphery tensions, serious intercommunal and inter-religious conflict with minority Muslim communities, and extreme poverty and under-development. This led to major violence in 2012 and further sporadic outbreaks since then. The political temperature is high, and likely to increase as Myanmar moves closer to national elections at the end of 2015.</p><p>The problems faced by Rakhine State are rooted in decades of armed violence, authoritarian rule and state-society conflict. This crisis has affected the whole of the state and all communities within it. It requires a sustained and multi-pronged response, as well as critical humanitarian and protection interventions in the interim. Failure to deal with the situation can have impacts for the whole country. As Myanmar is redefining itself as a more open society at peace with its minorities and embracing its diversity, introducing the seeds of a narrow and discriminatory nationalism could create huge problems for the future.</p><p>Unless Myanmar is successful in creating a new sense of national identity that embraces the country&rsquo;s huge cultural, ethnic and religious diversity, peace and stability will remain elusive nationwide. In the meantime, it is essential for the international community to support the humanitarian and protection needs of vulnerable populations, which are likely to remain for years. It is also vital to address the chronic poverty and underdevelopment of all communities in the state, particularly through equitable and well-targeted village-level community development schemes.<br />[Summary adapted from author]</p>

28 Oct 2014 12:38:27 GMT

Five key questions answered on the link between peace and religion

<p>What is the relationship between religion and peace? This report presents empirical research conducted by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) in conjunction with the Religious Freedom and Business Foundation that aims to get beyond ideology to provide a more comprehensive understanding of how religion interacts with peace. Quantitative analysis has revealed that many of the commonly made statements surrounding the relationship between peace and religion are not supported by the analysis contained in this study. It is easy to draw simple conclusions about the link between religion and violence today.</p><p>While there has been high profile terrorist conflict involving religious fundamentalism this is distinct from the broader relationship between religion and peace. Some of the greatest peace builders of the 20th century have also been religious leaders; Desmond Tutu, Mahatma Ghandi and Martin Luther King are names synonymous with the practice of nonviolence. Many non-violent movements have been based on religious principles and the major religions of Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism and Islam all have forms of nonviolence and peace as part of their religious traditions. This highlights a contradiction which has been played out through history; on the one hand religion has been a motivator of conflict, yet it has also been pivotal in developing key concepts of peace and non-violence as well as creating peace.</p><p>This report answers five common questions relating to religion and violence:</p><ul><li>Is religion the main cause of conflict today?</li><li>Does the proportion of religious belief or atheism in a country determine the peace of the country?</li><li>In Muslim countries, does the demographic spread of Sunni and Shia determine peace?</li><li>Is religion key to understanding what drives peace?</li><li>Can religion play a positive role in peacebuilding?</li></ul><p>[Summary adapted from author]</p>

28 Oct 2014 12:06:36 GMT

Nexus Nirvana or Nexus Nullity? A dynamic approach to security and sustainability in the water-energy-food nexus

<p>This working paper argues that the governance of water, energy and food security - historically concerned with safety and certainty from contingency - has privileged control-orientated solutions, in particular the construction of large dams for water storage, in the belief they are more secure and more sustainable. It explores the associated risks and uncertainties of this pathway, and highlights that water-energy-food (WEF) systems are by nature complex and dynamic. It highlights the importance of recognizing the power inequalities that often close down the consideration of alternative development pathways, and explains multiple framings of water, energy and food security between actors and how these are shaping policy objectives and project outcomes. The argument is presented that a shift in governance is required towards also incorporating solutions where the limits to control are acknowledged.</p>

28 Oct 2014 11:03:32 GMT

Water and climate change adaptation: policies to navigate uncharted waters

<p>This report focuses on the challenge for freshwater in a changing climate and provides policy guidance on how to navigate this new &quot;waterscape&quot;. It highlights the range of expected changes in the water cycle and the challenge of making practical, on-site adaptation decisions for water. It proposes policy guidelines to prioritise action and improve the efficiency, timeliness and equity of adaptation responses. The report also highlights general trends and good practices drawn from the OECD Survey of Policies on Water and Climate Change Adaptation. The report highlights the benefits of well-designed economic instruments (e.g. insurance schemes, water trading, water pricing), ecosystem-based approaches and &lsquo;real options&rsquo; approaches to financing. It argues that these approaches can improve the flexibility of water policy and investment, reducing the cost of adjusting to changing conditions.</p>

28 Oct 2014 10:51:51 GMT

Guidance on water and adaptation to climate change

<p>The Guidance on Water and Adaptation to Climate Change aims to spur climate change adaptation that takes into account the transboundary dimension of water management. It suggests steps for the development of an adaptation strategy. Based on the concept of integrated water resources management, the Guidance provides advice to decision makers and water managers on how to assess impacts of climate change on water quantity and quality, how to perform risk assessment, including health risk assessment, how to gauge vulnerability, and how to design and implement appropriate adaptation strategies. The Guidance places special emphasis on the specific problems and requirements of transboundary basins, with the objectives of preventing, controlling and reducing transboundary impacts of national adaptation measures and thereby preventing and resolving possible conflict.</p>

28 Oct 2014 10:37:34 GMT

Urban land markets: how the poor access, hold and trade land

<p>This Urban LandMark report investigates how the poor access, hold and trade land in different types of settlements in three metropolitan areas in South Africa. The paper suggests that land transactions are taking place outside of the officially recognised system of land management and property ownership, though little is known about how these alternative arrangements work.</p><p>Based on the case studies, the paper finds that the poor are accessing, holding and trading land in a variety of ways. Furthermore, it argues that seeing these transactions as a process, rather than a single step, helps understand the complexity of these arrangements.</p><p>Conclusions are that:</p><ul><li>the financially dominated land market model is affected by the socially dominated logics operating in informal land markets, and the role of social networks emerges at different steps in the transaction process</li><li>these markets work for poor people in the short term but, with current policy interventions, have limitations in the long term</li><li>avenues of reform need to explore the interplay between socially dominated land markets and the effective delivery of the services, which would improve quality of life</li><li>there are few qualitative differences between informal settlements and development-based housing projects; much greater land market differentiation is required to enable greater mobility</li></ul>

27 Oct 2014 21:40:10 GMT

Learning for rural change: 11 stories from Zambia

<p>In September 2013, the IFAD Zambia Country Programme<br />Management Team worked together with ILEIA to enable the documentation and systematic analysis of what was taking place in the<br />field. Eleven practitioners working in agricultural development in<br />Zambia gathered in Lusaka, documenting achievements and challenges.<br />The importance of describing and analysing the results of<br />agricultural initiatives is widely acknowledged. It helps to draw<br />lessons and generate practical knowledge. Often these lessons<br />remain implicit, as highlighted by one of our Zambian authors, Alfred<br />Mkonda. &ldquo;We do a lot of work, but as long as we do not write it down<br />there are a lot of blank pages in our institutional diaries.&rdquo; As such,<br />documentation is a first step towards scaling up successful efforts.</p><p>The 11 stories look at spreading practices, organising farmers and partnerships and participation.</p><p>&nbsp;</p><p>&nbsp;and</p>

27 Oct 2014 17:39:19 GMT

NGOs, States, and Donors Revisited: Still Too Close for Comfort?

<p>The article from the World Development journal questions the ability of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) to meet long-term transformative goals in their work for development and social justice.</p><p>It argues that most NGOs are poorly placed to influence the real drivers of social change, due to weak roots in civil society, the rising tide of technocracy in foreign aid and their non-political roots and strategies. However, the authors conclude that NGOs can take advantage of their traditional strengths to build bridges between grassroots organisations and local and national-level structures and processes, applying their knowledge of local contexts, making use of new tools and approaches, and strengthening their roles in empowerment and social transformation. A research agenda is recommended in order to better understanding the relationships between NGOs and the membership-based organizations that they support.</p>

27 Oct 2014 17:33:56 GMT

Smallholder Farming and Achieving Our Development Goals

<p>A thriving smallholder farm sector can be an engine for rural development that is more equitable, sustainable, and productive than one based on a large-scale farm model. A number of factors need to be considered when assessing the benefits of smallholder farming. This issue brief&nbsp; addresses those factors and suggests steps to help ensure that smallholders can increase their agricultural production and thereby assist countries in achieving food security, poverty reduction, and rural economic development goals.</p>

27 Oct 2014 17:09:25 GMT

Large-Scale Land Acquisition : Field Findings and Recommendations

<p>The Chinese central government has consistently taken decisive legal and policy measures over the past 35 years to secure, enhance, and expand farmers&rsquo; rights to farmland and forest land in order to reduce the<br />gap in income and consumption between urban citizens and their counterparts in mountainous forest areas. While encouraging development of a forest land rights market to facilitate market allocation of resources, these legal rules and policy directives have particularly emphasized protecting farmers&rsquo; forest land rights and their property interests when such land rights are subject to acquisition by powerful<br />enterprises.</p><p>Among these powerful players in China&rsquo;s forest land rights markets are multinational forest companies, including Asia Pulp and Paper Co. Ltd (APP). In order to understand how APP carried out land acquisition and to what extent its land acquisition was propelled by local governments, researchers from Landesa, an international land laws and policy<br />institute, conducted intensive field research using the Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA) method in Guangxi and Yunnan provinces in February and September 2013, in collaboration with Rights and Resources<br />Initiative (RRI).</p><p>The report provides a comprehensive review of existing laws, regulations, and central policies on farmers&rsquo; land rights and the transfer of these rights. Based on thorough discussions and analysis of the most important issues identified in the fieldwork, a series of recommendations are offered to improve APP&rsquo;s land acquisition practices.</p><p>&nbsp;</p>

27 Oct 2014 16:55:30 GMT

Urban land biographies: a study of co-existing land use and land use management in three precincts in Gauteng

<p>This book tells that the distinctive contribution of urban land biographies is how they reveal and give value to a greater set of land use management processes and practices than is officially acknowledged by planners and policy-makers.</p><p>The paper indicates that people involved in official land-use management frequently work outside and beyond the confines of the rules, norms and values of the &ldquo;formal system&rdquo;. On the other hand, it notices that the inaccuracy of the terms &ldquo;informal&rdquo; and &ldquo;formal&rdquo; leads to conceptual and practical mismatches between policy, law and practice.</p><p>The document summarises the biographies of three South African study sites that provide the evidence in support of its conceptual framework, and states that:</p><ul><li>there is a dynamic interaction between various layers of land management systems and practices, based on the everyday realities of life in the precincts under study</li><li>using the long lens of the historical and biographical approach to land use makes it possible to understand the interaction of processes that unfold at different rates of change</li><li>the challenge is not to replace the existing stereotype of a differentiation between formal and informal with new categories, but to use these categories to foreground how activities on land move between different categories</li></ul>

26 Oct 2014 21:03:02 GMT

‘Divisible spaces’: land biographies in Diepkloof, Thokoza and Doornfontein, Gauteng

<p>This report explores how urban land is endlessly divided and re‐divided within the context of the interaction of formal and informal land use management systems in South Africa. The paper reviews the story of land in three case study sites to shed lights on how urban land has moved through formal and informal systems of land management over time.</p> <p>The paper explains that completely formal land use management is rare. However, land use management systems and practices have co‐existed from the beginning of the settlement and use of land described in the case studies.</p> <p>As a result, the document highlights the need to develop the means for understanding other land use management systems and how the systems change from one category to another. Similarly, the author deems there is a need to begin a debate around the goals of urban land use management in order to create a new equitable goal around which to orient this management.</p> <p>Conclusions include:</p> <ul> <li>there are processes that create significant relationships between land use management systems and therefore, the explicit definition of a new set of (formal) land use values are likely to filter through to other land use management systems too</li> <li>this acknowledgement provides a rich resource for future land use management practices that might be more supportive of poor people&rsquo;s urban land needs</li></ul> <p>&nbsp;</p>

25 Oct 2014 21:13:19 GMT

Manual A: urban land access: an overview

<p>The target group for this manual is the leadership of organised groups of homeless in need of land for housing development in South Africa, and the aim is to describe briefly how to get land for a house.</p><p>The paper illustrates that land access in the manual means land purchase, land development or land occupation. Consequently, it outlines the five stages involved in land access:</p><ul><li>organising: you form a group with others who also want to get land for a house</li><li>deciding: you identify and compare your land options further, and work as an organised group and negotiate with outside role players, such as government and other specialists, to help you find and decide on a piece of land</li><li>planning: you and your team produce a plan showing what type(s) of land tenure you want, and agree on how you are going to allocate people to the land and decide what type of services and houses you want and how you will build them</li><li>approval: getting approvals from government and others to implement the plan, agreeing with the land owner to buy the land, and getting the money to develop the services and build the houses</li><li>implementing: you move into the phase of building the services and houses and transferring the land from the old to the new land owner, then you move onto the land</li></ul><p>Furthermore, the manual lists 30 detailed steps to be followed across the five stages.</p>

25 Oct 2014 10:17:11 GMT

Assessing Mali’s Direction Nationale De La Météorologie Agrometeorological Advisory Program: preliminary report on the climate science and farmer use of advisories

<p>In June 2011, USAID organized a West African Adaptation Workshop under the Adaptation Partnership in Dakar, Senegal. The workshop had several goals, including improving the awareness of and demand for climate services in the region among decision-makers in various sectors, improving climate service providers&rsquo; understanding of decision-makers&rsquo; needs, identifying opportunities to design and deliver climate services for decision making, and sharing information on good practices and models.<br /><br />This report (one of two) contains an assessment of the forecasts and science behind the advisories themselves, and an assessment of the use of the agrometeorological advisories at the community, household, and individual level in southern Mali.</p><p>The report recommends:</p><ul><li>performing a detailed quantitative assessment of the past performance of the forecasts that undergird the advisories</li><li>shift current advisory construction away from the use of analogue years, as previous experiences of similar rainfall may not hold in a changing climate</li><li>conduct research into the predictability of intra-seasonal variations in rainfall, including the start and end dates of the rainy season, and probability of extreme events, such as prolonged dry spells or very intense rains, at both one-week and one-month lead times, as parallel studies in other parts of the Sahel suggest these quantities are potentially predictable</li><li>investigate means of conveying forecast uncertainties to farmers as a part of advisories</li><li>expand advisories to address gender, the needs of pastoralists, and for poorer farmers who may have greater difficulty responding to advisories in a timely manner</li><li>better understanding the role of weather and climate (and therefore climate services) in rural<br />livelihoods more broadly</li></ul>

24 Oct 2014 16:03:59 GMT

Gender and climate change adaptation in agrarian settings

<p>The impacts of climate variability and change on the rural poor in the Global South become more pronounced with each passing year. While entire communities and regions will be exposed to the same changing temperatures and precipitation, the ways in which they are vulnerable to these changes will vary greatly. As the contemporary literature on adaptation now acknowledges, the patterns of vulnerability to climate change impacts we see today are largely, if not principally, shaped by social factors ranging from gender roles to class to ethnicity. In short, these social factors have broad ramifications for the ways in which people experience and address the impacts of climate variability and change in their lives.</p><p>This report presents three case studies (on Ghana, Mali and Malawi) that illustrate the importance of this contemporary approach to gender when applied to climate change adaptation in rural, agrarian settings. Each case demonstrates that in studies predicated on simple gender categories, the particular challenges and vulnerabilities of a significant portion of the population in question become difficult to identify.</p><p>This report concludes that:</p><ul> <li>identity categories most relevant to understanding vulnerability in a particular place are contextually specific. In the Ghana case, it was the intersection of gender with livelihoods strategies and household situation that brought out the identities most responsible for the production of different livelihoods vulnerabilities to climate change impacts. In the Mali case, the salient intersection was gender and seniority. In Malawi, distinct and differentiated vulnerabilities within gender groups only become visible when gender is understood in the context of the village of residence, and its proximity to the unique livelihoods opportunities and resources in the Mount Mulanje Forest Reserve (MMFR)</li> <li>the use of binary gender analysis to explore vulnerability to climate change impacts risks glossing over important intra-community and intra-household vulnerabilities, including those of the most marginal and vulnerable</li> <li>in the Ghana case, it is very difficult to identify and address the specific livelihoods vulnerabilities of women in female-headed households, and women in diversified households, via a binary gender analysis, as such analysis aggregates the situations of all women into something that most resembles the situations of women in market households</li> <li>in the Mali case, binary gender analysis suggest gendered patterns of livelihoods activities that are produced through specific intersections of seniority and gender. A vulnerability analysis built on this generalised pattern would overlook the specific vulnerabilities and capacities of senior men in this cluster by ignoring their gardening activities.</li> <li>in Malawi, a binary analysis of gender suggests that vulnerability is evenly distributed across the married study population. Yet there are distinct and differentiated vulnerabilities within married households that are tied first to location, and then to gendered emphases with regard to crop selection and livelihoods activities</li></ul>

24 Oct 2014 13:57:28 GMT

Manual C: urban land access: options

<p>The target group for this manual is the leadership of organised groups of homeless in need of land for housing development. The manual outlines the various options for how and when land can be accessed. In addition, it presents general advices to be taken with on the land access journey. These contain the following:</p><ul><li>make sure you organise your group well, and bring as many role‐players as possible onto your side to help you; this includes good professionals, politicians, and departmental bureaucrats</li><li>identify and watch out for people/ groups that could cause problems for you and put in place strategies to minimise the potential disruption</li><li>see how you can do different things at the same time so as to reduce the time it takes to complete the process, and be flexible in what your expectations are, as you may have to compromise in many instances</li><li>make sure you are clear about how the tenure option you have chosen works, especially if you are considering group ownership options</li><li>make sure you are clear about the roles and responsibilities of the different role‐players involved in your project</li><li>make sure you follow all the necessary procedures properly, and continually look for how you can get money to help you buy and develop land</li></ul><p>&nbsp;</p>

24 Oct 2014 12:51:01 GMT

Haemorrhagic fevers in Africa: narratives, politics and pathways of disease and response

<p>Outbreak narratives have justified rapid and sometimes draconian international policy responses and control measures. Yet there is a variety of other ways of framing haemorrhagic fevers. There present different views concerning who is at risk, and how? Is the &lsquo;system&rsquo; of interacting social-disease ecological processes a local or a global one, and how do scales intersect? Should haemorrhagic fevers be understood in terms of short-term outbreaks, or as part of more &lsquo;structural&rsquo;, long-term social-disease-ecological interactions? What of the perspectives of people living with the diseases in African settings? And what of uncertainties about disease dynamics, over longer as well as short time scales?</p><p>This paper contrasts global outbreak narratives with three others which consider haemorrhagic fevers as deadly local disease events, in terms of culture and context, and in terms of long-term social and environmental dynamics. It considers the pathways of disease response associated with each, and how they might be better integrated to deal with haemorrhagic fevers in more effective, Sustainable and socially just ways.</p>

24 Oct 2014 10:06:30 GMT

Consolidating the regional diplomacy of Côte d’Ivoire

<p>C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire has gone through two decades of political instability and conflict, leading to the near collapse of many of its government institutions. President Alassane Ouattara&rsquo;s arrival on the political scene in 2011 heralded a renewal of C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire&rsquo;s foreign policy. The president&rsquo;s determined focus on the region and the increased diplomatic activity associated with his term have ensured that the country has regained its regional leadership position. His approach has been two-pronged: (i) focusing on regional peace and security issues, without (ii) neglecting the pursuit of the country&rsquo;s economic development objectives through active regional diplomacy.</p><p>This brief argues that the corrosive effects of war and instability, which lasted for more than a decade, severely eroded the country&rsquo;s capacity to drive active regional diplomacy. Therefore, creating an enabling framework, accompanied by strong institutions, is without doubt the key test facing C&ocirc;te d&rsquo;Ivoire in its quest to regain its place as the key interlocutor in francophone Africa&rsquo;s diplomacy. This is particularly relevant in<br />how it engages with the region&rsquo;s premier regional economic community.</p><p>Recommendations:</p><ul><li>develop an evidence based and coherent foreign policy strategy through the iteration of a &lsquo;white paper&rsquo; process and strengthen the country&rsquo;s diplomatic oversight mechanisms</li><li>institute a regular (eg, biannual) conference of ambassadors to evaluate and redirect, if necessary, the country&rsquo;s diplomatic activities</li><li>accelerate the implementation of SSR before the presidential elections in 2015</li><li>improve the training, development and specialisation of diplomats through an inclusive process in order to enhance national reconciliation</li><li>encourage more frequent policy engagement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with local experts such as academia, business and civil society organisations, as well as with other ministries</li></ul>

24 Oct 2014 08:59:47 GMT

Shooting our hard drive into space and other ways to practise responsible development data

<p>This book is offered as a first attempt to understand what responsible data means in the context of international development programming. It takes a broad view of development and also anticipates that some of the methods and lessons may have resonance for related fields and practitioners. It<span style="line-height:1.6em">&nbsp;is intended to support thoughtful and responsible thinking as the development community grapples with relatively new social and ethical challenges stemming from data use.</span></p><p>This book builds on a number of resources and strategies developed in academia, human rights and advocacy, but aims to focus on international development practitioners so touches&nbsp;primarily upon issues specifically relevant to development practitioners and intermediaries working to improve the lives and livelihoods of people.</p>

23 Oct 2014 16:28:39 GMT

Display Next Eldis Development News [eldis.org]

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2014: Addressing the social implications of green growth

The 2014 Forum will examine the distributional consequences of implementing green growth strategies and their impact on employment, skills and income.

Thu, 13 Nov 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Webinar – Best Practices in Green Public Procurement

Webinar presenting OECD’s and UNEP’s Compendium of Best Practices in Green Public Procurement

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 10:45:00 GMT

Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth

The Japan-OECD Policy Forum on Urban Development and Green Growth will address cities’ unique role in creating synergies between environmental and economic objectives to advance green growth. Asian cities in particular are at the centre of this challenge. This event is organised as a commemorative event for the 50th Anniversary of Japan's Accession to the OECD.

Tue, 14 Oct 2014 08:00:00 GMT

The right kind of green growth

As part of its Green Growth Strategy, the OECD is developing a set of indicators for agriculture. A Preliminary Assessment has just been published, and a selection of indicators has been identified to capture key aspects of a low-carbon, resource-efficient agricultural sector.

Mon, 06 Oct 2014 08:40:00 GMT

Tax Preferences for Environmental Goals: Use, Limitations and Preferred Practices

This paper reviews the use of tax preferences to achieve environmental policy objectives. Tax preferences involve using the tax system to adjust relative prices with a view to influencing producer or consumer behaviour in favour of goods or services that are considered to be environmentally beneficial.

Thu, 02 Oct 2014 08:46:00 GMT

The post-2015 agenda must steer a transformational shift towards sustainable development

As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approach their expiry date, we must focus our efforts on ensuring a brighter, more inclusive and sustainable future for all. We face a plethora of common issues: growing inequalities; changing consumption patterns and population dynamics; increasing natural resource scarcity; and ongoing illicit financial flows.

Wed, 24 Sep 2014 18:01:00 GMT

Biobased Chemicals and Bioplastics: Finding the Right Policy Balance

Several OECD countries have published their plans for the development of a future bioeconomy, in which bio-based materials and production techniques will contribute significantly to economic and environmental sustainability. The case for support for bio-based chemicals and plastics therefore warrants serious attention.

Tue, 23 Sep 2014 11:55:00 GMT

Blog: Building a case for green private investment by Simon Upton

If we are to meet the goal of keeping global warming to 2 degrees, governments need to engage now to get on the right track to achieve zero‑net greenhouse emissions from combustion of fossil fuels in the second half of this century. Given the urgency of doing so, why does our dependence on fossil fuels appear to be unshaken?

Tue, 02 Sep 2014 09:55:00 GMT

Nanotechnology and tyres: Greening industry and transport

The report presents the potential of new nanomaterials and highlights the remaining challenges for their safe and sustainable introduction in the tyre industry.

Thu, 31 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Green Growth Newsletter

All issues of the OECD Green Growth Newsletter

Mon, 28 Jul 2014 15:07:00 GMT

Making the best of new energy resources in the United States

Since around 2007, the country has been enjoying an “energy renaissance” thanks to its abundant stocks of shale oil and gas. The resurgence in oil and gas production is beginning to create discernible economic impacts and has changed the landscape for natural gas prices in the United States, boosting competitiveness.

Thu, 24 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Green growth indicators

Policies that promote green growth need to be founded on a good understanding of the different factors that affect green growth, and appropriate information is needed to monitor progress and measure results.

Wed, 23 Jul 2014 09:29:00 GMT

The Diesel Differential: Differences in the tax treatment of gasoline and diesel for road use

Diesel and gasoline account for around 95% of energy used for road transport in the OECD and for the largest share of revenue from taxes on energy. In 33 out of 34 OECD countries, diesel fuel is taxed at lower rates than gasoline both in terms of energy and carbon content.

Tue, 15 Jul 2014 11:25:00 GMT

Consequences of climate change damages for economic growth – a dynamic quantitative assessment

This report focuses on the effects of climate change impacts on economic growth. The analysis finds that the effect of climate change impacts on annual global GDP is projected to increase over time, leading to a global GDP loss of 0.7% to 2.5% by 2060 for the most likely equilibrium climate sensitivity range.

Wed, 02 Jul 2014 09:00:00 GMT

OECD Green Investment Financing Forum

The Green Investment Financing Forum (GIFF) aimed to promote dialogue on the role of green investment banks, which are domestically-focused public institutions that use limited public capital to leverage or “crowd-in” private capital, including from institutional investors, for green infrastructure investment.

Thu, 12 Jun 2014 12:38:00 GMT

Paris Policy Forum - Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia: from concept to implementation

The policy forum officially launches the conceptual framework to the public and offers an opportunity for participants to discuss the key issues for emerging Asia: housing, buildings and energy, land use and transport, water and waste management, green goods and services.

Tue, 10 Jun 2014 09:00:00 GMT

Rising air pollution-related deaths taking heavy toll on society, OECD says

Air pollution is costing advanced economies plus China and India an estimated USD 3.5 trillion a year in premature deaths and ill health and the costs will rise without government action to limit vehicle emissions, a new OECD report says.

Wed, 21 May 2014 14:50:00 GMT

International Transport Forum: Transport for a changing world

The ITF is an intergovernmental organisation within the OECD to tackle mobility issues for the 21st century. The Forum acts as a platform to advance transport policy and practice, with a view to ensuring transport's contribution to economic growth, environmental protection, social inclusion and the preservation of human life and well-being. The ITF 2014 annual Summit is being held in Leipzig, Germany on 21-23 may 2014.

Wed, 21 May 2014 11:18:00 GMT

Roundtable: Climate is Everyone’s Business

Twenty years ago climate change was viewed as just an environmental issue. Today it is squarely an economic issue. Climate change poses significant risks to our economic systems that could result in very large damages. To mitigate these risks we need to radically transform our economies and societies to stop global warming.

Wed, 14 May 2014 15:06:00 GMT

OECD countries commit to work towards a climate deal for 2015

The OECD’s 34 member countries today affirmed their common resolve to work towards a deal on combating climate change at the COP21 talks in Paris in 2015. OECD accession countries Colombia and Latvia joined the statement issued at the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, attended by finance, economy, trade and other ministers.

Wed, 07 May 2014 15:47:00 GMT

Webcast of OECD Forum 2014: Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies

Forum 2014, entitled Resilient Economies for Inclusive Societies, will be organised around three cross-cutting themes: Inclusive Growth, Jobs, and Trust, exploring the multifaceted nature of resilience and how to now “bounce forward” in addressing economic, social, and environmental challenges.

Mon, 05 May 2014 08:00:00 GMT

Environmental Policies and Risk Finance in the Green Sector: Cross-country Evidence

Risk finance is essential for new ventures to commercialise new ideas and grow, especially in emerging sectors. Yet very little is known about the drivers and characteristics of risk finance in the green sector. This paper aims to fill this gap by providing a detailed description of risk finance in the green sector across 29 countries and identifying the role that policies might have in shaping high-growth investments.

Wed, 02 Apr 2014 18:37:00 GMT

Find out about the Green Growth Platform and its upcoming activities

The Ministerial Green Growth Group (GGG) is an informal grouping of like-minded energy, environment and climate Ministers from across 13 EU member states who have come together to work towards a pro-growth and pro-climate EU agenda. The group meets regularly to discuss and co-ordinate positions on EU low carbon matters and to promote, with businesses and investors, an ambitious EU decarbonisation growth agenda.

Fri, 07 Mar 2014 10:06:00 GMT

Greener Skills and Jobs

The successful transition to a low-carbon economy will only be possible if workers can flexibly adapt and transfer from areas of decreasing employment to new industries. This paper suggests that the role of skills and education and training policies should be an important component of the ecological transformation process.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 12:03:00 GMT

OECD LEED-Cedefop 2nd Green Skills Forum 2014 (Paris, France)

LEED and Cedefop organise the second edition of the Green Skills Forum which will bring together experts in innovation, employability and skills development and lessons from work conducted by the OECD, Cedefop, and other organisations on the implications of the green economy for skills development and training policies.

Fri, 14 Feb 2014 00:00:00 GMT

A call for zero emissions from the World Economic Forum in Davos

OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría, gives his views in this blog from the World Economic Forum in Davos on the huge risk that carbon dioxide emissions pose to the economy and the environment.

Fri, 24 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

Workshop: Potential of social enterprises for job creation and green economy - how to stimulate their start and development?

The last decade has seen considerable policy attention to the social economy and its contribution to employment, in particular as regards the inclusion and empowerment of vulnerable workers and the provision of appropriate working conditions.

Thu, 16 Jan 2014 08:00:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

Project: Measuring the potential of green growth: Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy

This LEED project aims to to define key indicators of area-based transition to a low-carbon economy. The objective is to define measurable indicators at regional/local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 06 Jan 2014 14:21:00 GMT

The Swedish Tax on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions: Lessons in Environmental Policy Reform - Environment Policy Paper No. 2

This case study describes the approach taken to reduce NOx emissions from combustion plants, the challenges encountered and the social, environmental and economic impacts. It concludes by discussing the wider lessons that are raised for other governments seeking to develop similar policy responses.

Tue, 24 Dec 2013 12:29:00 GMT

The Political Economy of Fuel Subsidies in Colombia - Environment Working Paper No. 61

Colombia has made progress towards eliminating fuel and diesel subsidies and reducing discretionary spaces allowing for artificially low fuel prices, but challenges remain. This paper discusses the political economy of fuel subsidies in the country to understand why reform has been so slow.

Thu, 12 Dec 2013 14:47:00 GMT

ITF Transport Outlook 2013

The ITF Transport Outlook 2013 presents and discusses global scenarios concerning the development of transport volumes through 2050. The analysis highlights the impact of alternative economic growth scenarios on passenger and freight flows and the consequences of rapid urbanisation outside the OECD.

Tue, 10 Dec 2013 14:06:00 GMT

Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum 2013: How to unlock investment in support of green growth?

The 2013 Forum was held on 5-6 December and discussed how governments can improve their investment policy framework to reduce the risk and attract long-term private finance in support of green growth.

Thu, 05 Dec 2013 10:06:00 GMT

Environmental policies and productivity growth - a critical review of empirical findings

This paper reviews the empirical evidence on the link between environmental policy stringency and productivity growth, and the various channels through which such effects can take place.

Tue, 26 Nov 2013 10:31:00 GMT

Green growth challenges and the need for an energy reform in Mexico

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Fri, 15 Nov 2013 10:14:00 GMT

Evading the Net: Tax Crime in the Fisheries Sector

This report looks at the issue of tax crime in the fisheries sector, including frauds over taxes on profit and earnings, customs duties, VAT and social security, with examples from real cases.

Thu, 07 Nov 2013 14:01:00 GMT

Austria’s green economy flourishing but could do even better, OECD says

Environmental goods and services are now a bigger driver of Austria’s economy and job market than traditionally strong sectors like tourism and construction, thanks to the government’s policy of subsidising green investments, a new OECD report shows.

Wed, 06 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

The OECD Handbook for Fisheries Managers

The value of fishery resources lies in its ability to support public goals and objectives. If the fishery is expected to support economic, social and environmental objectives, it is important for fishery managers to recognise the primacy of these goals even if stock management remains their principle task. This handbook discusses the role of objectives and how to carry out an effective policy design and implementation process.

Tue, 05 Nov 2013 16:55:00 GMT

Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

Mon, 04 Nov 2013 12:00:00 GMT

Institutional investors and green infrastructure investments

This paper examines how institutional investors can access green infrastructure, the extent to which this is currently happening, and the barriers to scaling up these investment flows. Based on four case studies, broader lessons are drawn for governments on the policy settings which may support investment in green infrastructure by institutional investors.

Wed, 23 Oct 2013 17:48:00 GMT

The climate challenge: Achieving zero emissions

Governments need to put together the optimal policy mix to eliminate emissions from fossil fuels in the second half of the century. Cherry-picking a few easy measures will not do the trick. There has to be progress on every front, notably with respect to carbon pricing, and that is what peer review and learning from best practice should help achieve, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 12:30:00 GMT

Countries should make carbon pricing the cornerstone of climate policy, says OECD

Credible and consistent carbon pricing must be the cornerstone of government actions to tackle climate change, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 09 Oct 2013 11:31:00 GMT

The Political Economy of British Columbia's Carbon Tax - Environment Working Paper No. 63

This paper reviews the political economy of the Canadian province of British Columbia (BC) tax in three periods: its origins, its survival in the face of political backlash, and its longer-term prospects. The BC launched North America’s first revenue-neutral carbon tax reform. The tax, applied to all combustion sources of fossil fuels, was introduced at a rate of CAD 10 per tonne of CO2.

Tue, 08 Oct 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Green Growth Newsletter, October 2013

Headlines: 2013 Green Growth and Sustainable Development Forum, 5-6 December 2013; In Focus: Water – International Year of Water, World Water Week and the OECD's Work on Water; Promoting Green Investment in Costa Rica; Promoting Green Growth in Brandenburg; Making Growth Green and Inclusive – The Case of Cambodia; Latest publications and key upcoming events.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 15:26:00 GMT

Ireland's Carbon Tax and the Fiscal Crisis - Environment Working Paper No. 59

This paper describes the features of the tax, recounts the story of its interplay between fiscal adjustment and helping meet the obligations to raise taxes, and implications for competitiveness and carbon leakage, environmental effectiveness and equity issues, and draws conclusions regarding why it happened, and provides tentative insights for other countries in a similar situation.

Thu, 03 Oct 2013 14:24:00 GMT

Marine Biotechnology: Enabling Solutions for Ocean Productivity and Sustainability

This book discusses scientific and technological tools at the centre of a renewed interest in marine biotechnology that is contributing to a new bioeconomy sector in many countries and offering potential new solutions to global challenges.

Wed, 04 Sep 2013 11:43:00 GMT

Water: governments must deal with rising risks

Water shortages and floods illustrate the risks posed by too little, or too much, water. By 2050 more than 40% of the world’s population will live under severe water stress and nearly 20% could be exposed to floods.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 17:45:00 GMT

OECD participation in the 2013 World Water Week

The OECD participated in this annual event held in Stockholm (1-5 September 2013) where two major reports "Water Security for Better Lives" and "Water and Climate Change Adaptation: Policies to Navigate Uncharted Waters" were launched by the OECD's Secretary-General, Angel Gurría.

Mon, 02 Sep 2013 12:24:00 GMT

Got water?

Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.

Wed, 28 Aug 2013 17:42:00 GMT

Future Flood Losses in Major Coastal Cities

Climate change combined with rapid population increases, economic growth and land subsidence could lead to a more than 9-fold increase in the global risk of floods in large port cities between now and 2050.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 14:26:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Cambodia

Key questions for development planning today in countries include: Can developing countries strike a balance between economic growth, societal well-being and environmental protection? Can inclusive, green growth be a way forward? This report presents a case study on Cambodia designed to answer these questions.

Mon, 12 Aug 2013 16:24:00 GMT

G20 Development Working Group Workshop on Inclusive Green Growth, July 2013

This workshop expanded the G20 Development Working Group’s (DWG) dialogue with representatives from developing countries on the lessons learned from their own experiences in designing and implementing inclusive green growth strategies.

Sun, 07 Jul 2013 16:07:00 GMT

How can governments help people reduce their environmental footprint?

Governments around the world are encouraging people to factor the environment into their everyday lives and purchases. Is it leading to more sustainable consumption? Are households ‘going green’?

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Restructuring the electricity sector and promoting green growth in Japan

The 2011 disaster and nuclear problems opened the door to a new energy policy, as they raisedfundamental questions about the electricity system’s ability to prevent and respond to accidents.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 17:44:00 GMT

Greening growth in Luxembourg

With strong economic growth overall and an increasingly important role as a regional economic centre, Luxembourg is experiencing mounting environmental pressures. This is mainly a result of a growing population and a rapid increase in transport, which is dominated by the car, as the number of workers commuting within Luxembourg and from across the border has risen rapidly.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Providing Agri-Environmental Public Goods Through Collective Action

Collective action is key to improving the agricultural environment given its effectiveness in dealing with agri-environmental externalities that are beyond the capacity of the individual farmer to manage. This study provides an extensive literature review and analyses 25 case studies from 13 OECD countries to examine how policies could and should be used to promote collective action.

Fri, 28 Jun 2013 11:00:00 GMT

OECD Compendium of Agri-environmental Indicators

Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.

Tue, 25 Jun 2013 10:08:00 GMT

Lithuania adheres to OECD Declaration on Green Growth

Following the delivery of the Strategy in May 2011, green growth will be mainstreamed in OECD analytical work to enrich guidance on a number of country, sector and issue-specific areas. This will involve integrating green growth considerations in Economic Surveys, Environmental Performance Reviews and Innovation Reviews.

Thu, 20 Jun 2013 15:06:00 GMT

Nanotechnology for Green Innovation

This paper brings together information collected through Working Party on Nanotechnology discussions and projects. It relies in particular on preliminary results from a project on the responsible development of nanotechnology and outcomes of a symposium held in 2012.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 17:36:00 GMT

Blog: Climate Change and Health Beyond 2015 - The Sustainable Development Agenda

Health is both a precondition for, and an outcome of, sustainable development. Climate change affects health through a myriad of exposure pathways, each presenting simultaneously both challenges and opportunities for sustainable health and development.

Fri, 14 Jun 2013 14:10:00 GMT

Blog: Putting green growth at the heart of development

The rapid pace of development in many developing countries raises the stakes for investments in development, but also begs reflection on the patterns or types of growth that are appropriate for a particular country context.

Thu, 13 Jun 2013 14:53:00 GMT

Making Growth Green and Inclusive: The Case of Ethiopia

This working paper reflects on green growth policy in Ethiopia – it explores green growth already in action – a range of on-the-ground activities which point to scale-up options for the future.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 10:27:00 GMT

Green Growth should be at the heart of development policies, new OECD report says

With 7 billion people in the world today and 9 billion by 2050, we must invest in development that will meet the growing demands for food, water and energy. The new OECD publication Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development suggests that these investments could define a path for inclusive growth and sustainable development by focusing on people’s needs and prospects while respecting the environment.

Thu, 06 Jun 2013 09:40:00 GMT

New OECD report offers tips on how households can green their behaviour

People care for the environment, and a large majority state that they are willing to make compromises to green their lifestyle according to a new OECD survey of 12,000 households. However, the economic crisis has taken its toll, and the survey shows that the environment is slipping down on the list of people’s priorities.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 15:07:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Putting green growth at the heard of development

Over the past 20 years, the global development landscape has changed dramatically. At the same time, we face unprecedented global challenges and growing instability, with looming financial and economic crises, and growing unemployment, food insecurity, political instability and environmental threats.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 10:44:00 GMT

World Environment Day: Greening household behaviour

Saving the environment falls into that category for many people, but the good news for the planet is that the OECD has identified a group of people who “believe that sacrifices will be necessary to solve environmental problems”.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 09:57:00 GMT

Putting Green Growth at the Heart of Development

This publication explains why green growth is vital to secure a more sustainable future for developing countries. Covering 74 policies and measures from 37 countries and 5 regional initiatives, this publication outlines an action-oriented twin-track agenda to guide national and international policies and practices to successfully tackle green growth.

Wed, 05 Jun 2013 00:00:00 GMT

OECD ProgBlog - Financing our Future: Sustainable Development Financing Strategy

As discussions to develop a set of sustainable development goals (SDGs) build momentum, attention is starting to shift towards not only what the world should try to achieve, but also how to go about it.

Tue, 04 Jun 2013 15:48:00 GMT

OECD Forum 2013 issue on fostering sustainability

This year's forum focuses on three key themes: Promoting inclusive growth, Rebuilding trust and Fostering sustainability. The Forum brings together ministers, business, labour, civil society and academia to share policies and ideas. It feeds into the Ministerial Meeting, where government leaders and ministers discuss issues on the global agenda.

Tue, 28 May 2013 08:00:00 GMT

Investing in a sustainable future

Investment strategies almost never consider external costs to the environment when calculating potential returns. But incorporating environmental risk and sustainability into investor mindsets is possible– and urgent.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:45:00 GMT

Report: Green growth in the Benelux - Indicators of local transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border regions (Benelux)

This paper discusses the results of the 2011-2012 OECD LEED study of measuring green growth in the Benelux countries (Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg). The study paid particular attention to the challenges of measuring the transition to a low-carbon economy in cross-border areas as they have additional levels of complexity when it comes to measuring and monitoring their low-carbon transition.

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:21:00 GMT

Green Growth in Cities

Green Growth in Cities presents the OECD Green Cities Programme’s main findings and policy recommendations, and provides a preliminary approach to measuring green growth in cities

Thu, 23 May 2013 13:20:00 GMT

Cities: green policies can contribute to growth

Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.

Thu, 23 May 2013 11:00:00 GMT

Cash-strapped governments will need private sector investment to meet sustainable transport objectives, OECD says

Boosting private sector investment in sustainable transport infrastructure will be essential as governments seek to meet long-term economic and environmental objectives at a time of constrained public finances, according to a new OECD report.

Wed, 22 May 2013 15:01:00 GMT

Ports: How to Get More Value for Money?

Ports are the nervous system of global trade. Over 80% of world cargo (by volume) is transported by sea. Our efforts to raise the efficiency, competitiveness and sustainability of ports can help boost trade, growth and jobs. It can also help us to promote green growth and development in the poorest regions, said OECD Secretary-General.

Wed, 22 May 2013 14:07:00 GMT

Economic Survey of Mexico 2013

As Mexico seeks to boost economic growth, pressures on its natural resources and environmental outcomes may intensify, jeopardizing the sustainability of that growth and the well-being of the population.

Tue, 21 May 2013 14:38:00 GMT

Urbanisation and Green Growth in China

This working paper assesses national policy and governance mechanisms that can influence green growth in Chinese cities.

Fri, 17 May 2013 19:40:00 GMT

Cities and Green Growth – Urban Evolution

Stockholm Waterfront Congress Centre23 – 24 May

Thu, 16 May 2013 15:00:00 GMT

Time for an energy [r]evolution

We can’t use terms like “inclusive” and “green” as window dressing for the pursuit of economic growth as an end in itself. A real and profound change in how we think about growth is needed–one that doesn’t let special interests get in the way of creating a just, fair and sustainable economy with clean energy for all.

Mon, 06 May 2013 11:13:00 GMT

Return from the dead?

Old ways of thinking won’t bring developed countries back to economic life. Weighed down by the legacy of the crisis, they also face deep challenges like a faltering labour supply and slowing innovation. And growth itself won’t be enough–it must also be stable, inclusive and green. The need for structural reforms has never been greater, but they will require difficult trade-offs.

Mon, 29 Apr 2013 10:20:00 GMT

OECD/BIAC Workshop: Green Growth in the Agro-Food Chain: What Role for the Private Sector?

What is the role of the private sector in greening the agro-food chain? This OECD/BIAC workshop will examine such issues as the role of new technologies in increasing productivity and reducing waste, as well as developing private-public partnerships.

Wed, 24 Apr 2013 17:43:00 GMT

Reforms for a cleaner, healthier environment in China

China’s exceptional economic expansion has led to rising energy demand and pollution as well as other environmental pressures. Strong efforts by the government have moderated emissions of some types of air and water pollution from high levels but others, including greenhouse gas emissions, continue to rise. Poor air and water quality threaten human health, create other costs and reduce well-being.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 11:49:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Greening our Knowledge

Strong international cooperation on testing, exploring and refining measurement tools on green growth is essential to support implementation and assessment of policies in both developed and developing countries, said OECD Secretary-General.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 17:06:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Climate change won't wait

The European Union may be facing some difficult economic challenges, but that's no excuse for not acting now to create an economy based on resource efficiency and low-carbon development. The benefits are potentially enormous, including lower greenhouse gas emissions, more efficient use of energy and resources and rising growth and innovation.

Tue, 02 Apr 2013 16:02:00 GMT

What have we learned from attempts to introduce green-growth policies?

Long-term projections suggest that without policy changes, the continuation of business-as-usual economic growth and development will have serious impacts on natural resources and the ecosystem services on which human well-being depends.

Wed, 27 Mar 2013 15:07:00 GMT

The price of oil – will it start rising again?

Following a sharp drop amidst the global economic crisis and a subsequent recovery, the spot price of crude oil has been broadly stable for the past couple of years. This paper discusses the factors that drive oil demand and supply and, hence, the price of the resource.

Wed, 06 Mar 2013 11:00:00 GMT

A clean energy economy - Lessons from Iceland

In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.

Wed, 27 Feb 2013 13:51:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

Although the market for green goods and services is growing, the development of new business models is affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Tue, 26 Feb 2013 12:02:00 GMT

Why New Business Models Matter for Green Growth

New business models can help reduce environmental pollution, optimise the use of natural resources, increase productivity and energy efficiency, and provide a new source of economic growth. The development of new business models is also affected by a range of barriers, many of which can be addressed by well-designed policies.

Thu, 21 Feb 2013 10:33:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Building Resilience for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture Sector: Proceedings of a Joint FAO/OECD Workshop

To help meet the challenges posed by climate change, the agriculture sector should increase its resilience. This book presents the summary and papers from a joint workshop by FAO and OECD that looked at how agriculture can build resilience for adaptation to climate change.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 11:36:00 GMT

Korea’s National Green Growth Committee Meeting

Putting “Green” at the core of a country’s “Growth” strategy is intelligent public policy at its best! Korea understands that there is no trade-off between green and growth. Much to the contrary: there are strong synergies that can be exploited between pro-growth and pro-green policies.

Mon, 04 Feb 2013 08:43:00 GMT

OECD calls for better alignment of energy policy, public finances and environmental goals

Two new OECD reports provide wide-ranging evidence of how reforming subsidies and tax breaks for fossil fuels can help countries boost finances and meet green objectives.

Mon, 28 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Report: Measuring the potential of local green growth - An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

This report presents, for the first time a local ‘green growth’ indicator framework. This indicator framework was developed from the OECD ‘green growth’ strategy at the national level, but modified to highlight issues of transition that are most relevant for local areas.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:37:00 GMT

Green Growth in Africa Workshop January 15-18 2013: Concepts, Tools and Strategies for Building Greener Economies and a Sustainable Future

Information on and background documents for the Green Growth African Regional Workshops, 15-18 January 2013. The workshops presented conceptual issues and policy tool kits on implementing green growth policy measures and strategic environmental assessments.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 15:47:00 GMT

Mexico can do more to promote socially-inclusive green growth

Mexico is faced with difficult trade-offs as it pursues its economic, social and environmental goals. Like other emerging economies Mexico is balancing the need to protect its natural resources with the need to address high levels of income inequality and poverty.

Tue, 08 Jan 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Conference: Innovation in skills development for SMEs competitiveness (Ankara, Turkey)

The conference discussed the results of the project as well as policy recommendations on training and skills development for the creation of an innovative and competitive SME sector in OECD countries.

Fri, 14 Dec 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green Innovation In Tourism

This working paper on Green Innovation in Tourism Services seeks to analyse the role of green innovation in the transition of tourism enterprises (hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, tour operators) to a green economy; how green innovation in tourism is supported in OECD countries (e.g. specific structures, mechanisms and good practices); and what can be done to accelerate the diffusion of green innovation in the sector.

Mon, 10 Dec 2012 14:36:00 GMT

Launch of the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development”

Secretary-General Angel Gurría launched the 2012 Development Co-operation Report “Lessons in linking sustainability and development” at the 48th High Level Meeting of the Development Assistance Committee in London.

Tue, 04 Dec 2012 15:57:00 GMT

Workshop: Measuring the potential of green growth in Chile (Santiago, Chile)

Chile's OECD membership presents challenges both in the context of changing patterns of production and consumption, and in the framework of a more sustainable economy. Specifically, green growth emphasizes improving growth rates, particularly through greening existing industries, as well as through new eco-businesses.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation in Africa: Evidence from Patent Data - Environment Working Paper No. 50

This paper presents comparative data on innovation in selected climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in the context of Africa. Such analysis informs policy aimed at encouraging international technology transfer and development of domestic innovation capacities.

Mon, 26 Nov 2012 17:54:00 GMT

Joint OECD-GGGI Workshop: Green growth development paths for a better future

Surrounding the 2012 GG-SD Forum, a joint OECD-GGGI (Global Green Growth Institute) workshop took place on 22 November. The workshop featured a discussion among experts and policy makers from developing countries with the aim of sharing evidence and experience on how to create an enabling framework and design policy options for overcoming key challenges and prioritizing inclusive green growth opportunities.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:40:00 GMT

Sustainable Materials Management: Making Better Use of Resources

Worldwide, 62 billion tons of natural resources – minerals, wood, metals, fossil and biomass fuels, and construction material – are extracted. On average, that’s almost 10 tons for every person on the earth. Of that, about one fifth ends up as waste and must be reused, recycled or disposed of in a way that is safe for people and the environment.

Thu, 22 Nov 2012 16:18:00 GMT

Development Co-operation Report 2012

Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.

Mon, 19 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Linking Renewable Energy to Rural Development

This new publication looks at how renewable energy can bring the greatest benefits to host regions.

Thu, 11 Oct 2012 08:08:00 GMT

Measuring the potential of local green growth: An analysis of Greater Copenhagen

Secretary-General Angel Gurría addresses the Lord Mayor of Copenhagen and others to discuss highlights of the forthcoming OECD report on local green growth, as part of our efforts to develop more effective tools for measuring cities’ progress and monitoring the impact of green policies.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 15:42:00 GMT

Global Green Growth Forum (3GF) 2012

The second Forum – 3GF2012 – will be held in Denmark on 8-9 October 2012 under the thematic headline “Resource Efficiency and Growth”.

Mon, 08 Oct 2012 09:41:00 GMT

Financing Green Urban Infrastructure

This paper presents an overview of practices and challenges related to financing green sustainable cities. Cities are essential actors in stimulating green infrastructure; and urban finance is one of the promising ways in which this can be achieved. Cities are key investors in infrastructure with green potential, such as buildings, transport, water and waste.

Thu, 04 Oct 2012 10:09:00 GMT

Green transformation of small businesses: Achieving and going beyond environmental requirements - Environment Working Paper No. 47

This report aims to help environmental and other competent authorities in OECD countries to promote green business practices among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). It analyses different ways to establish environmental regulatory requirements for facilities with low environmental risk (most of which are SMEs).

Fri, 21 Sep 2012 11:56:00 GMT

Climate change policies in Germany: make ambition pay

Germany reduced greenhouse gas emissions substantially but remains an important emitter. Ambitious targets for climate change mitigation have been fixed and a broad range of environmental measures are being implemented.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy: Towards Strong, Clean and Inclusive Growth

Tue, 18 Sep 2012 15:40:00 GMT

The determinants of invention in electricity generation technologies: A patent data analysis - Environment Working Paper No. 45

This paper analyses the determinants of invention in efficiency-enhancing electricity generation technologies that have the potential to facilitate climate change mitigation efforts, including fossil fuel based technologies aimed at reducing carbon emissions, renewables and nuclear technologies.

Mon, 17 Sep 2012 17:45:00 GMT

Workshop: Indicators of local transition to low-carbon economy (Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz, Germany)

The Regional Growth Core Schönefelder Kreuz and the Technical University of Applied Sciences Wildau in partnership with the OECD Local Economic and Employment Development Programme (LEED) are working on defining and collecting measurable indicators at the regional/ local level that can inform over time of transition to low-carbon economic and industrial activities.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Market Development for Green Cars

This report reviews government policies and attempts to provide a better understanding of the growing market for green vehicles as well as new analytical instruments to identify measures that could be designed to foster the uptake of green cars.

Fri, 07 Sep 2012 14:10:00 GMT

Avoiding debt traps: financial backstops and structural reforms

In this paper we develop a simple analytical framework to analyze “good” and “bad equilibria” in public-debt and growth dynamics.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 16:11:00 GMT

Towards green growth in Denmark: improving energy and climate change policies

Denmark’s green growth strategy focuses on moving the energy system away from fossil fuels and investing in green technologies, while limiting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Mon, 30 Jul 2012 15:17:00 GMT

OECD and Rio+20

OECD’s contribution to the Rio+20 Conference focused on how to promote greener economies in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication.

Wed, 20 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Compact City Policies: A Comparative Assessment

This comprehensive review of compact city policies will provide food for thought for national, sub-national and municipal governments as they seek to address their economic and environmental challenges through the development and implementation of spatial strategies.

Wed, 13 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Achieving the “low carbon, green growth” vision in Korea

Korea, which has had the highest growth rate of greenhouse gas emissions in the OECD area since 1990, adopted an ambitious Green Growth Strategy in 2009.

Mon, 11 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mekorot, the National Water Company of Israel

Today, management of water resources is one of the major challenges confronting Israel. Accelerated population growth - along with economic growth - has placed additional pressure on Israel's limited water resources but the country is at the forefront of green innovations for water management.&l

Wed, 06 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy

The Jobs Potential of a Shift towards a low-carbon Economy” provides an in-depth analysis of how green growth will reshape labour markets. It also describes the role that labour market and skill policies can play in maximising the benefits of economic greening for workers

Sun, 03 Jun 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Eco-innovation policies in South Africa

This report is part of the OECD work programme on eco-innovation policies. The objective of this work is to complement the knowledge base on eco-innovation policies in OECD countries and to provide empirical material for additional research on policy issues related to eco-innovation.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

G20 Green Growth Seminar

The costs and consequences of inaction would be colossal, in economic, environmental and human terms. The truth is that changing our model of growth and making it greener and more inclusive is the only credible strategy that we have.

Tue, 22 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Green growth in action: Mexico

Mexico has taken action on a number of fronts to implement green growth policies, including integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation plans into their National Development Plan, and implementing energy price schemes that reflect the opportunity costs of consumption. Mexico is also developing its green growth indicators, using the OECD set of green growth indicators proposed in “Towards Green Growth: Monitoring Progress

Mon, 21 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Agriculture in a Global Context

To nourish the world population in 2050, we must increase food availability by 70 to 100%. This means that we need to engineer a shift towards policies that support innovation, productivity and sustainability and that provide farmers with the skills they need to grasp the opportunities of strong demand and high prices.

Wed, 22 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Mortality Risk Valuation in Environment, Health and Transport Policies

This publication presents a major meta-analysis of 'value of a statistical life' (VSL) estimates derived from surveys where people around the world have been asked about their willingness to pay for small reduction in mortality risks.

Fri, 10 Feb 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Invention and Transfer of Environmental Technologies

Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.

Wed, 28 Sep 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Green Growth for an Inclusive World Economy

"The success of green growth will depend on whether it is a shared global agenda. Many developing countries are not yet fully equipped to introduce new ‘greener’ policies and tap into the benefits of a green future", declared Mr Gurría at the Global Green Growth Summit.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Sustainable Development [oecd.org]

OECD Global Forum on Trade 2014

The second Global Forum on Trade 2014 will be held at OECD in Paris on 4, November 2014.

Tue, 04 Nov 2014 13:25:00 GMT

AMIS Market Monitor - News

Latest indications confirm the abundance of wheat supplies and improved production prospects for maize. The outlook for soybeans is equally positive. Although rice production prospects have been revised downwardsomewhat, availabilities remain ample. Against this background, international prices of AMIS cropsgenerally weakened in September.

Thu, 09 Oct 2014 10:42:00 GMT

OECD participating in the WTO Public Forum 2014

The OECD Trade and Agriculture Directorate will have an informational booth at this year's WTO Forum trade & people fair and will also host a panel discussion on trade and jobs.

Wed, 01 Oct 2014 09:20:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2014

Merchandise trade broadly stable in the second quarter of 2014, with diverging patterns across major economies

Wed, 10 Sep 2014 09:04:00 GMT

Coordinated Assistance for Implementation of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement

ITC, OECD, UNCTAD, UNECE on behalf of the UN Regional Commissions of ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP and ESCWA, WBG and WCO reaffirm their support in a comprehensive and coordinated manner to such economies in implementing the TFA - in close collaboration with the WTO and the donor community.

Tue, 22 Jul 2014 11:00:00 GMT

Global value chains offer opportunities for growth, jobs and development, but more must be done so all countries and firms can participate equally, according to a new OECD-WTO-World Bank Group report

Global Value Chains (GVCs) are a dominant feature of the world economy that impact growth, jobs and development, but numerous challenges remain to ensure that all countries and all firms have the opportunity to participate and benefit.

Thu, 17 Jul 2014 18:00:00 GMT

OECD Development Week 2014

The OECD Development Week (30 June, 1- 3 July 2014) is organised by the OECD Development Centre. High-level policy makers, representatives of the private sector, investors, civil society organisations, foundations and think tanks will gather at the OECD to look into current patterns of globalisation and explore more dynamic paths for inclusive and sustainable growth at global, regional and national levels.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:29:00 GMT

OECD Insights Blog: The transatlantic trade deal must work for the people, or it won’t work at all

Blog post by OECD TUAC, ETUC and AFL-CIO on why the transatlantic trade deal TTIP must work for the people, or it won’t work at all.

Mon, 30 Jun 2014 10:28:00 GMT

Monitoring trade and investment measures

G20 Leaders are firmly committed to open trade and investment and to resisting protectionism in all its forms. They have mandated WTO, OECD and UNCTAD – the leading international organisations in the area of international trade and investment policies – to monitor policy developments and report publicly on these commitments.

Wed, 18 Jun 2014 08:39:00 GMT

Aiming high: the values-driven economic potential of a successful TTIP deal

Guest post from EU Trade Commissioner Karel De Gucht on the OECD Insights blog discussing the economic potential of a successful TTIP deal.

Mon, 16 Jun 2014 10:27:00 GMT

New evidence on Africa’s integration into global value chains

The African economy is undergoing diversification and becoming more integrated into the world economy. But whether the current pace of change is sufficient to achieve lasting structural transformation is another question.In order for GVCs to contribute positively to structural change, policy also needs to adapt.

Fri, 06 Jun 2014 15:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2014

Merchandise trade declines across most major economies in first quarter of 2014

Tue, 27 May 2014 14:47:00 GMT

African countries need to tap global markets more effectively to strengthen their economies, says new African Economic Outlook

By participating more effectively in the global production of goods and services, Africa can transform its economy and achieve a development breakthrough, according to the latest African Economic Outlook, released at the African Development Bank Group’s Annual Meetings.

Mon, 19 May 2014 09:16:00 GMT

Expanding services trade offers major opportunities for growth and jobs, OECD says

The OECD’s new Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI), released during the Organisation’s annual Ministerial Council Meeting, provides a unique and comprehensive snapshot of services trade restrictions across 18 sectors in 40 leading economies, representing over 80% of global services trade.

Wed, 07 May 2014 09:00:00 GMT

International Business Dialogue 2014: Better Regulation to Enhance Trade

The objective of the International Business Dialogue 2014 is to collect input from the business community on regulatory impediments to trade and identify areas to improve international regulatory cooperation.

Mon, 14 Apr 2014 12:08:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2013

Merchandise trade continues to pick-up across most major economies in fourth quarter of 2013

Thu, 27 Feb 2014 09:48:00 GMT

The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement – Potential Impact on Trade Costs [pdf

This brand new report from the OECD examines the potential impact of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement concluded in Bali on trade costs.

Tue, 25 Feb 2014 15:21:00 GMT

EU-US trade and investment talks: Why they matter

Talks to free up more trade and investment between the European Union and the United States got under way early in 2013. A good agreement in 2014 would be a positive thing, and not just for the EU and the US.

Tue, 21 Jan 2014 09:25:00 GMT

New export credit rules will boost railway development and help countries achieve greener growth, OECD says

New international rules on state financing of rail exports will boost the development of cleaner transportation infrastructure and help countries meet green growth objectives, the OECD said.

Thu, 09 Jan 2014 14:06:00 GMT

OECD Secretary-General hails new WTO agreement: a victory for multilateralism

Mr Gurría said the trade facilitation agreement at the core of the new package would cut red tape and speed border crossings worldwide, offering an important boost to world trade and the global economy. "As OECD work has highlighted, the benefits of lowering costs for traders are significant, and are particularly welcome today, given the slow growth seen in so many countries," Mr Gurría said.

Sat, 07 Dec 2013 12:39:00 GMT

WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali: too good a prize to pass up

As the OECD's latest global economic forecast has confirmed, world trade is now growing at an extremely low rate. This brings into stark focus the need for trade negotiators at the WTO to cut a deal to bring a much-needed boost to world trade and the global economy.

Fri, 29 Nov 2013 17:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2013

Merchandise trade imports and exports in G7 and BRICS economies grew by 1.4% during the third quarter of 2013, offsetting the contractions seen in the previous quarter.

Thu, 28 Nov 2013 09:28:00 GMT

Premium and Interest Rates related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding

This page holds all the latest information related to the Aircraft Sector Understanding, including the latest interest rates.

Fri, 04 Oct 2013 08:59:00 GMT

Global Value Chains offer major opportunity for growth and progress in advanced and developing economies, according to OECD-WTO-UNCTAD report to G20

Global value chains (GVCs) have become a dominant feature of world trade and investment, offering new prospects for growth, development and jobs, according to a new joint report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

Fri, 06 Sep 2013 22:53:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 29 Aug 2013 17:27:00 GMT

Measuring Environmental Regulatory Stringency

This paper proposes a new measure of stringency to measure the consequences of environmental regulations on investment, labour demand, and patterns of international trade that would be based on emissions data and which could be constructed separately for different pollutants.

Thu, 22 Aug 2013 11:17:00 GMT

OECD and Chinese Ministry of Commerce to host seminar on trade facilitation in Beijing on 12 July 2013

OECD research shows that multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 18:00:00 GMT

Launch of Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013

We have come a long way since 2005, when we launched the Aid for Trade initiative in Hong Kong at the 6th WTO Ministerial Conference. Each successive global review has deepened our analysis and broadened our understanding of the dynamics of aid, trade, development and their interaction. In parallel, more and more partner countries and donors have come on board as the tangible results of our efforts become apparent.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 10:18:00 GMT

Emergence of global value chains strengthens Aid for Trade Initiative, OECD says

Aid for Trade is helping developing countries reduce trade costs, improve competitiveness and plug into the regional and global value chains that are increasingly important to the world economy, but much more can be done, according to a new joint report from OECD and the WTO.

Mon, 08 Jul 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment: 2012 Update

This paper provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

Thu, 04 Jul 2013 13:35:00 GMT

Measures Supporting Minerals and Primary Metals Extraction and Processing: Case Study: Australia

Efforts to document government support benefiting specific sectors or industries have paid scant attention to support given to the non-energy minerals sector. The issue of support for this sector is explored by way of a case study of Australia, a leading producer and exporter of minerals.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 13:28:00 GMT

Road connectivity and the border effect: evidence from Europe

Several studies have reported a large negative effect of national borders on the volume of trade. We provide new estimates of the border effect for continental Europe using road rather than great circle – or "as-crows-fly" – distance.

Wed, 03 Jul 2013 09:52:00 GMT

OECD to present Aid for Trade at a Glance 2013 in Geneva on Monday 8 July 2013

Since its launch in 2005, the Aid for Trade Initiative has helped improve the links between trade, economic growth and development. The Initiative has prompted donors to put trade issues at the centre of their development strategies, contributed to increased levels of both concessional and non-concessional financing and led the private sector to re-examine how it can make trade work for development and poverty reduction.

Tue, 02 Jul 2013 15:30:00 GMT

Aid for Trade and Development Results: A Management Framework

The purpose of this OECD Study is to provide the aid-for-trade community with good practices in designing and introducing results frameworks for aid-for-trade projects, and programmes based on country-defined quantifiable targets and a menu of limited number of indicators to measure performance (i.e. outcomes and impacts). We have prepared case studies focusing on Bangladesh, Colombia, Ghana, Rwanda, Solomon Islands and Vietnam.

Mon, 01 Jul 2013 15:15:00 GMT

Domestic Incentive Measures for Renewable Energy With Possible Trade Implications

The rise in international investment and trade in goods and services related to renewable energy has been rapid but not always smooth. This paper surveys, through the lenses of market-pull and technology-push policies, the numerous domestic incentives used by governments to promote renewable energy, focusing on those that might have implications for trade.

Thu, 27 Jun 2013 12:25:00 GMT

The Construction of a New International Economic Order

To better integrate their economies into Global Value Chains, governments need a fine-tuned understanding of their dynamics and policies, and we have made considerable progress on this front. For example, we have learned that success in international markets depends as much on the capacity to import high-quality inputs as on the capacity to export: intermediate inputs account for over 2/3 of the goods and 70% of the services we trade.

Wed, 26 Jun 2013 17:51:00 GMT

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP): Why does it matter?

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) between the United States and the European Union, if successfully concluded, would be the most significant bilateral Free Trade Agreement (FTA) to date, covering approximately 50% of global output, almost 30% of world merchandise trade (including intra-EU trade, but excluding services trade) and 20% of global foreign direct investment.

Mon, 17 Jun 2013 17:48:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2013

Merchandise trade growth increased in the major economies during the first quarter of 2013. Compared to the fourth quarter of 2012, the value of merchandise imports and exports for the total of G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.3% and 2.8%, respectively.

Thu, 30 May 2013 00:00:00 GMT

New analysis highlights importance of services to global trade

New trade data measured in value-added terms shows that services – such as logistics, design, and transportation - are far more important to global commerce than they appear in traditional calculations of exports and imports.

Wed, 29 May 2013 13:07:00 GMT

G20/ OECD Stocktaking Seminar on Global Value Chains

A wide range of stakeholders examined the progress made on measuring trade in value added terms and to extract and clarify the emerging policy implications that can be employed to stimulate strong, balanced and job-rich growth.

Wed, 29 May 2013 11:48:00 GMT

The Costs and Challenges of Implementing Trade Facilitation Measures

The costs of putting in place and maintaining trade facilitation measures are not particularly large and are far smaller than the benefits gained from implementing these measures, according to this study. Moreover, an increasing amount of technical and financial assistance to implement these measures has been made available to developing countries over the last decade.

Mon, 27 May 2013 11:42:00 GMT

The value of trade

The emergence of global value chains in manufacturing and services has revolutionised the way the world trades. It has also provided a valuable entry point for many developing economies into the global economy. Thanks to the combined efforts of the WTO and OECD, we now have a strong data-based understanding of these impacts, which will be vital to the design of effective trade policies.

Fri, 24 May 2013 11:35:00 GMT

Multilateralising Regionalism on Government Procurement

The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do they differ among trading partners? This report surveys 47 RTAs in force with government procurement provisions where an OECD member is a party.

Fri, 17 May 2013 12:07:00 GMT

Global Production Networks and Employment: A Developing Country Perspective

International firms in developing economies tend to employ more workers and pay higher wages than firms dealing exclusively with the domestic market, according to this paper demonstrating the links between global value chains (GVCs)and labour market outcomes. Engagement in international activities provides greater opportunities for women to enter the formal employment market.

Tue, 14 May 2013 16:24:00 GMT

Global Value Chains and Developing Country Employment: A Literature Review

How do global value chains (GVCs) impact employment markets in developing countries? This paper reviews the literature on the subject, focusing on the labour market impacts of three processes that lie at the core of GVC development: importing, exporting, and foreign direct investment (FDI). Two case studies are presented

Tue, 14 May 2013 15:42:00 GMT

Trade Costs: What Have We Learned? A Synthesis Report

Understanding trade costs is essential for formulating policy interventions designed to reduce such costs. This report synthesises all OECD work on cost factors across the entire trade chain.

Tue, 07 May 2013 14:40:00 GMT

Trade facilitation agreement would add billions to global economy, says OECD

Multilateral agreement to cut red tape in international trade would dramatically reduce trading costs and add a substantial boost to the global economy, according to new OECD research.

Fri, 03 May 2013 12:00:00 GMT

OECD trade briefing on 3 May 2013 in Geneva

Inefficient, outdated and complex trade procedures and formalities prevent businesses from taking full advantage of open global markets.

Tue, 23 Apr 2013 15:30:00 GMT

The Role of Services for Competitiveness in Manufacturing

What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.

Tue, 16 Apr 2013 15:28:00 GMT

Made in the world

The new OECD/WTO database on trade in value-added is not just about changing the numbers, but policymakers’ approaches too. It gives trade fresh importance, and a place high on the agenda of the UK’s G8 presidency.

Sun, 14 Apr 2013 16:11:00 GMT

Cross-Border Trade in Electricity and the Development of Renewables-Based Electric Power: Lessons from Europe

To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.

Tue, 09 Apr 2013 10:37:00 GMT

State-Owned Enterprises: Trade Effects and Policy Implications

With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper presents a conceptual discussion of how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 13:38:00 GMT

Summary Report: OECD International Business Dialogue 2013

Business representatives and policy makers provided lively debate and valuable insights on barriers to 21st century commerce when they met at this event at OECD headquarters in Paris. Read the main discussion points, online survey results and recommendations.

Mon, 08 Apr 2013 09:55:00 GMT

Green Growth Knowledge Platform 2013 annual conference

The GGKP’s second annual conference will be held at the OECD Headquarters in Paris on 4-5 April 2013. The discussion will be framed around two headline themes: Greening global value chains and Measurement and reporting for green growth.

Thu, 04 Apr 2013 15:17:00 GMT

Export Restrictions: Benefits of Transparency and Good Practices

Transparent trade legislation, policies and practices benefit governments and business alike by reducing uncertainty and transaction costs, simplifying procedures and encouraging investment. This paper studies the information published online by 33 countries on their export restriction policies in the minerals sector, and presents a checklist of best practices for addressing gaps in the availability and accessibility of information.

Thu, 28 Mar 2013 14:03:00 GMT

Mineral Resource Trade in Chile: Contribution to Development and Policy Implications

Instead of resorting to trade measures such as export restrictions, Chile manages its minerals sector through a combination of balanced taxation, stable investment measures, good management of tax revenue, exchange rate policy and initiatives aimed at producing a multiplier effect of economy-wide development, according to this study.

Thu, 07 Mar 2013 14:39:00 GMT

OECD International Business Dialogue 2013: Barriers to 21st Century Commerce - 4-5 March 2013

What obstacles do companies face in doing business internationally? This event brought together representatives from firms in various sectors and regions to identify and prioritize barriers to international business activity.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 14:09:00 GMT

Trade Facilitation Indicators: The Potential Impact of Trade Facilitation on Developing Countries' Trade

Drawing on OECD trade facilitation indicators, this paper finds that the combined effect of comprehensive trade facilitation reform would reach almost 14.5% reduction of total trade costs for low income countries, 15.5% for lower middle income countries and 13.2% for upper middle income countries.

Mon, 04 Mar 2013 11:27:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in fourth quarter 2012

Compared to the third quarter, the value of merchandise exports and imports for the G7 and BRICS countries increased by 1.2% and 1.0%, respectively.

Thu, 28 Feb 2013 00:00:00 GMT

The declining competitiveness of French firms reflects a generalised supply-side problem

This short paper analyses the decline of France’s trade balance over the past 15 years. While the loss in export market shares is comparable to that of the major OECD countries except Germany, it is one of the largest among the countries of the euro area.

Fri, 22 Feb 2013 09:00:00 GMT

Trade and Labour Market Adjustment

Occupation-level analysis of short-term labour market impacts from trade can provide policy makers with better insights than industry-level studies, says this paper using a unique dataset based on harmonised labour force surveys from Canada, Israel, United Kingdom, United States, Brazil and South Africa. For instance, occupation-level data shows that imports can be associated with higher wages and a lower probability of unemployment.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 15:13:00 GMT

Blog post: Fossil fuel subsidies - billions up in smoke?

A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.

Mon, 11 Feb 2013 14:17:00 GMT

Estimating the Constraints to Agricultural Trade of Developing Countries

Agricultural trade can be a powerful engine for economic growth, poverty reduction, and development. However, efforts by developing countries to expand their agricultural trade are often hampered by domestic supply-side constraints such as lack of trade-related infrastructure. This report looks at some of the most important of these constraints, and features case studies from Indonesia, Zambia and Mozambique.

Wed, 06 Feb 2013 17:22:00 GMT

The Global Forum on Tax Transparency welcomes Romania as new member

Romania has joined the Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes. As the 118th member of the Global Forum, it will participate in the peer review process which encourages all countries to adopt effective exchange of information in tax matters.

Wed, 23 Jan 2013 16:45:00 GMT

New OECD-WTO analysis highlights changing face of global trade

Business competitiveness and export performance are increasingly tied to countries’ integration into global production chains and a willingness to open markets to wider imports, according to preliminary international trade data released today by the OECD and the WTO.

Wed, 16 Jan 2013 10:00:00 GMT

Aid for Trade Policy Dialogue 2013

This OECD Policy Dialogue brought together a wide range of stakeholders - policy makers, practitioners, academics, private sector and civil society - from developing and developed countries. Participants discussed what needs to be done to continue delivering aid for trade results in this changing international environment for trade and development.

Tue, 15 Jan 2013 17:03:00 GMT

Regulatory Transparency in Multilateral Agreements Controlling Exports of Tropical Timber, E-Waste and Conflict Diamonds

This paper examines how three multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) incorporate transparency into their regulatory regimes: CITES (endangered species, especially tropical timber), the Basel Convention (hazardous e-waste), and the Kimberley Process (conflict diamonds)

Tue, 11 Dec 2012 09:50:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in third quarter 2012

Merchandise trade continued to slow in most major economies in the third quarter of 2012 compared to the second quarter of 2012.

Thu, 29 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The Emergence of Global Value Chains: What Do They Mean for Business?

OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría delivers remarks at the G20 Trade and Investment Promotion Summit held in Mexico City.

Wed, 07 Nov 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Taking Stock of Measures Restricting the Export of Raw Materials: Analysis of OECD Inventory Data

Governments appear increasingly inclined to apply border and domestic measures to restrict the export of raw materials. For industrial raw materials, the OECD is constructing an Inventory of measures that have been applied since 2009. The underlying survey covers some 100 countries, some 15 types of measures and most minerals, metals and wood. This paper analyses 2009-2010 data collected so far for the minerals and metals sector.

Fri, 12 Oct 2012 15:59:00 GMT

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods

Developing effective policies to reduce illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods requires a clear understanding of what drives this trade and the circumstances under which it thrives, says this report.

Wed, 03 Oct 2012 13:48:00 GMT

Video: "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar, 13 September 2012

Watch the Jobs Knowledge Platform webcast of the World Bank-OECD "Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs" seminar on the JKPLive Facebook channel.

Mon, 10 Sep 2012 17:35:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in second quarter 2012

Merchandise trade slowed in most major economies in the second quarter of 2012, with contractions in all major European economies, India, Russia and South Africa.

Thu, 30 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade: Greener export credit rules approved

OECD countries have agreed new rules to strengthen current environmental and social due diligence processes when providing export credits and to create financially prudent incentives to support business projects with low CO2 emissions. The second agreement also aims to encourage support for advanced climate-friendly technologies such as carbon capture and storage.

Mon, 02 Jul 2012 10:59:00 GMT

International trade statistics: trends in first quarter 2012

Merchandise trade grew moderately in most major economies in the first quarter of 2012. Total imports and exports of G7 and BRICS grew by 1.0% and 0.6% respectively.

Thu, 31 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Towards a More Open Trading System and Jobs Rich Growth - C-MIN(2012)9

Over the course of the last half century, the global expansion of trade has reshaped the world economy. Trade opening has enabled economies to reap the benefits of specialisation and focus more productively on what they do best, through the sectors where they demonstrate comparative advantage.

Thu, 24 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Trade-induced economic growth boosts employment and wages

Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris.

Wed, 23 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Out now: Policy Priorities for International Trade and Jobs

How does trade interact with employment? This book features highlights from the International Collaborative Initiative on Trade and Employment (ICITE), including regional, country and thematic studies.

Wed, 16 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

OECD and WTO to start measuring trade in value-added as production chains globalise

Companies are increasingly producing goods and services through supply chains spanning different countries.

Thu, 15 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Display Next OECD Trade [oecd.org]

Employment

UNESCO is seeking applications for the position of Senior Project Officer in UNESCO HQ

Title:&nbsp;Senior Project Officer Domain: Education Grade: P4 Organizational Unit: UNESCO Headquarters Duty Station:&nbsp;Paris, France Type of contract: Project Appointment Annual salary: Without dependent: approx. 111,828 USD With dependent: approx. 120,088 USD Duration of contract : 1 year with possibility of extension depending on performance and availability of funds Deadline (midnight, Paris time): 14 November 2014 Application to be sent to: Ms Nuria Chat n.chat @unesco.org - with a cover letter making reference to post, &nbsp;CV Form to be used &nbsp; To download the job description

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Team Leader: Kenya Horticulture Programme

Are you interested in joining an international organisation with a long-term commitment to fighting poverty? Would you like to work in a challenging environment to develop a career focused on shared values and lasting impact? &nbsp; SNV Netherlands development Organisation is looking for:&nbsp; Team Leader: Kenya Horticulture Programme&nbsp;&nbsp;(Re-advertisement) Based in Nairobi, Kenya &nbsp;(International contract) &nbsp; SNV is a not-for-profit international development organisation. Founded in the Netherlands nearly 50 years ago, we have built a long-term, local presence in 38 of

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Georgia: Financial and Operation Manager of the Mission in Caucasus (source: Relief Web)

Organization: People in NeedCountry: GeorgiaClosing date: 14 Nov 2014People in Need (PIN) is Czech Republic based humanitarian and development NGO. Read more about People in Need on the organization’s website www.peopleineed.cz.PIN has been working in Armenia since 2003 and in Georgia since 2005. We primarily focus on projects in the education, civil society development, small business and livelihoods, and migration. People in Need is seeking a Financial Manager for the mission.Position: Paid jobLocation: TbilisiStarting date: ASAPMain responsibilities:Financial planning of the

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Spain: RESILIENCE KNOWLEDGE HUB COORDINATOR (Barcelona) Ref: 53/14-15 INT or 53/14-15 EXT (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Oxfam IntermónCountry: SpainClosing date: 16 Nov 2014Purpose of the JobDesign, implement and lead the set-up and coordination of the Resilience Knowledge Hub for the entire Oxfam Confederation to deliver knowledge management, learning and communications on resilience and support the integration of Oxfam’s humanitarian and development programming.Oxfam GB and Oxfam Intermón are co-leadering the Hub. The post-holder will work closely with the resilience KH co-leads, the resilience global research adviser, global advisors, regional leads and country staff across the confederation.The

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Syrian Arab Republic: Mission Coordinator Syria M/F (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Secours Islamique FranceCountry: Syrian Arab RepublicClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Missions and activities: Programme Development• Oversee the field assessments and develop the country strategy for Syria • Create and advance appropriate partnerships with SARC, MoE, INGOs, UN agencies, INGOs, NNGOs and other local partners • Assess the donor environment and opportunities for funding, and ensure concept notes and proposals are submitted in coordination with HQ • Ensure effective and timely coordination of technical inputs in proposal development within country programme and HQ • Develop

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Administrateur h/f (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Secours Islamique FranceClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Le Secours Islamique France recherche des administrateurs H/F pour ses diverses actions à travers le monde. Sous la responsabilité du chef de mission, l’administrateur a pour mission de superviser la gestion administrative, comptable et RH de la mission.Vos tâches seront les suivantes : ? Prendre en charge et gérer la comptabilité : suivi budgétaire et planification des dépenses, gestion de la trésorerie de la mission… ? Participer à la rédaction des rapports et des propositions de projets pour les bailleurs de fond. ? Assurer

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Nicaragua: Regional Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Lutheran World ReliefCountry: Nicaragua, PeruClosing date: 31 Dec 2014Lutheran World Relief (LWR) seeks a Regional Monitoring and Evaluation (RME) Manager for the Latin America region. The position can be based in either Lima, Peru or Managua, Nicaragua. This position will support LWR staff responsible for project monitoring and evaluation in Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador and Haiti. The position reports to the Deputy Regional Director for Latin America; in direct coordination with the Technical Advisor for Monitoring and Evaluation and the Program

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: MdM Seeks an ADMINISTRATION COORDINATOR (M/F) for Iraq (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Médecins du MondeCountry: IraqClosing date: 31 Jan 2015For more than 30 years, Médecins du Monde, a campaigning medical organisation committed to international solidarity, has been caring for the most vulnerable populations at home and abroad. It has continued to highlight obstacles that exist in accessing health care and has secured sustainable improvements in health-for-all policies. Those working for this independent organisation do not solely dispense care and treatment but condemn violations of human dignity and rights and fight to improve matters for populations living

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Chef de mission H/F (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Secours Islamique FranceClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Le Secours Islamique France recherche des chefs de mission pour ses diverses actions à travers le monde. Interlocuteur du siège sur le terrain et sous la responsabilité du directeur des projets, le/ la chef de mission détermine la stratégie de la mission et la dirige.Vos tâches seront les suivantes : ? Elaborer et mettre en œuvre la stratégie de la mission en accord avec le siège. ? Analyser sur le terrain la situation sur le plan humanitaire, sécuritaire, politique, économique et social. ? Représenter le SIF auprès des autorités

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: ELRHA Ebola Research Call Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: SolHimalCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 16 Nov 2014About usELRHA (Enhancing Learning and Research for Humanitarian Assistance) is a collaborative network, hosted by Save the Children UK, dedicated to supporting partnerships between higher education institutions, humanitarian organisations and partners around the world.Research for Health in Humanitarian Crises (R2HC): Brings together and funds the humanitarian research and operational communities to produce research on public health interventions in humanitarian crises in order to

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Field coordinator Kenya M/F (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Secours Islamique FranceClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Secours Islamique France (SIF) is a Non-Governmental Organization of international solidarity based in France. Founded in 1991, SIF is a non-profit and non-political organization that intents to help, to bring relief and to protect the lives of those threatened by natural disasters, armed conflicts or by economic collapse.SIF provides its help in respect of the cultural diversity, without any distinction of origin, religion or gender.SIF is urgently recruiting a Field coordinator (M/F).He/ She will be responsible for overseeing,

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Syrian Arab Republic: Administration and Finance Manager Syria M/F (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Secours Islamique FranceCountry: Syrian Arab RepublicClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Secours Islamique France (SIF) is a Non-Governmental Organization of international solidarity based in France. Founded in 1991, SIF is a non-profit and non-political organization that intents to help, to bring relief and to protect the lives of those threatened by natural disasters, armed conflicts or by economic collapse.SIF provides its help in respect of the cultural diversity, without any distinction of origin, religion or gender.In response to the current crisis in Syria, SIF is expanding its

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

France: A SENIOR NUTRITION &amp; HEALTH ADVISOR - Paris (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: FranceClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Overall objective of the position: Under the supervision of the Scientific and Technical Director, the senior Nutrition &amp; Health advisor will have to assure coordination and strategic coherence of the Nutrition &amp; Health sector and technical development of it. More precisely, the senior advisor will be in charge of the following missions:To coordinate the Nutrition &amp; Health sector activities, and to support the Nutrition &amp; Health sector strategy roll out (in collaboration with ACF-IN teams and external

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: A Country Representative _ Strategic Positioning in Turkey. (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Première Urgence - Aide Médicale InternationaleCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 15 Nov 2014Première Urgence – Aide Médicale Internationale (PU-AMI) is a non-governmental, non-profit, non-political and non-religious international aid organisation. Our teams are committed to supporting civilians victims of marginalisation and exclusion, or hit by natural disasters, wars and economic collapses, by answering their fundamental needs. Our aim is to provide emergency relief to uprooted people in order to help them recover their dignity and regain self-sufficiency. PU-AMI relies on 30 years

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: ACT Watch 2015 Research Fellowship (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Population Services Intl.Country: United States of AmericaClosing date: 30 Nov 2014RESEARCH FELLOWSHIP 2015Application deadline is December 15This exciting one year, full time research Fellowship gives successful candidates the opportunity to spend between 6-9 months in the field, working with a highly successful central research team to coordinate data collection and to analyze quantitative survey data using standardized methods and tools across a rapidly expanding global program. This fellowship provides the opportunity for travel, the chance to undertake highly relevant

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Researcher on Consumption, Urbanisation and Food Systems (source: IIED)

Researcher on Consumption, Urbanisation and Food Systems IIED’s Human Settlements Group is seeking a researcher to work on our change initiative on consumption, urbanisation and food systems. The ideal candidate will have a mix of research and outreach skills to support the change initiative, and our related work on small-scale and informal enterprise and rural-urban linkages. Closing date:&nbsp;10am on Friday 14 November

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Philippines: Head of Mission Philippines M/F (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Secours Islamique FranceCountry: PhilippinesClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Secours Islamique France (SIF) is a Non-Governmental Organization of international solidarity based in France. Founded in 1991, SIF is a non-profit and non-political organization that intents to help, to bring relief and to protect the lives of those threatened by natural disasters, armed conflicts or by economic collapse.SIF provides its help in respect of the cultural diversity, without any distinction of origin, religion or gender.In response to the current crisis in Philippines, SIF is expanding its

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: A Central–Southern Iraq Coordinator in Erbil. (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Première Urgence - Aide Médicale InternationaleCountry: IraqClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Première Urgence – Aide Médicale Internationale (PU-AMI) is a non-governmental, non-profit, non-political and non-religious international aid organisation. Our teams are committed to supporting civilians victims of marginalisation and exclusion, or hit by natural disasters, wars and economic collapses, by answering their fundamental needs. Our aim is to provide emergency relief to uprooted people in order to help them recover their dignity and regain self-sufficiency. PU-AMI relies on 30 years

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: A FIELD COORDINATOR - KURDISTAN REGIONAL GOVERNMENT (Erbil) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Action Contre la FaimCountry: IraqClosing date: 30 Nov 2014We are looking for: A FIELD COORDINATORCountry: Kurdistan based in ErbilLength of contract: 6 months from 20th of DecemberThe position: The Field Coordinator is responsible for coordinating, consolidating and ensuring smooth implementation of program and operation activities and adherence to logistics, HR, admin and security procedures. More specifically, you will have to:Contribute to ACF country strategy development and implementation at field levelContributing to the design and update of the country strategy

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Consultancy:Evaluation of ACF’s ‘Réhabilitation nutritionnelle d'urgence et renforcement des moyens (source: Relief Web)

Country: Democratic Republic of the CongoClosing date: 09 Nov 2014ACF-UK is currently recruiting a consultant with experience in nutrition, food security and livelihoods for the external evaluation of the “Réhabilitation nutritionnelle d'urgence et renforcement des moyens d’existence des populations vulnérables dans les Zones de Santé de Kingandu et Mosango, Province du Bandundu”.The start date of the evaluation is intended for 15 November 2014 and should run through to 22 December 2014. This will comprise of approximately 32 days of work.The full Terms of Reference and application requirements

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

France: CHARGE DE RECRUTEMENT H/F (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Secours Islamique FranceCountry: FranceClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Créé en 1991, le Secours Islamique France (SIF) est une organisation non gouvernementale (ONG) de solidarité internationale de Secours d'urgence et de Développement. Le SIF agit dans une stricte neutralité, sans distinction de race, de sexe ou de religion. Le SIF se consacre à atténuer les souffrances des populations les plus démunies dans le monde.Nous recherchons un(e) Chargée de recrutement. Au sein de la Direction des Ressources Humaines, vous aurez pour mission d’assurer le recrutement des postes à pourvoir

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Senegal: REGIONAL PROGRAMME DEVELOPMENT COORDINATOR - WEST &amp; CENTRAL AFRICA (source: Relief Web)

Organization: SOS Children&#039;s Villages InternationalCountry: SenegalClosing date: 10 Nov 2014SOS Children’s Villages International is a social development organisation working globally to address the situation of children who are at risk of losing parental care and children without parental care. SOS Children’s Villages international is the umbrella organisation that provides support and guidance to SOS member associations in over 132 countries worldwide.As part of its strategic planning, SOS Children’s Village International is in the process of recruiting a Regional Programme Development

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Burkina Faso: Consultancy: Evaluation of ACF’s ‘projet food security thematic program (fstp)-tapoa’ (source: Relief Web)

Country: Burkina FasoClosing date: 09 Nov 2014ACF-UK is currently recruiting a consultant with experience in food security and rural development, and the implementation and assessment of resilience and good knowledge of the various initiatives underway resilience in the Sahel for the external evaluation of the “projet food security thematic program (fstp)-tapoa”.The start date of the evaluation is intended for 15 November 2014 and should run through to 17 December 2014. This will comprise of approximately 32 days of work.The full Terms of Reference and application requirements can be found

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Chad: Assistant(e) chef de délégation – N’Djamena – TCHAD – H/F (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Croix-Rouge FrançaiseCountry: ChadClosing date: 08 Dec 2014Contexte du postePrésentation de la Croix-Rouge française au TchadPrésente de manière continue depuis 1999, la Croix-Rouge française (CRf) appuie des programmes dans les régions du Batha, du Logone occidental et du Mandoul. Ces programmes sont mis en œuvre en partenariat avec la Croix-Rouge du Tchad (CRT) qui met à disposition l’expérience de son institution et ses ressources humaines.Historique de l’intervention de la CRf au Tchad • De 1970 à 2001 : des interventions sporadiques tournées sur l’urgence et le

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Director of Security (source: Relief Web)

Organization: AdesoCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 23 Nov 2014Director of SecurityAdeso is seeking a qualified and committed individual to join its team as Director of Security. The Director of Security is to lead, guide and position Adeso to both operate and conduct programming in a safe, secure, appropriate and effective manner. A position will vigilantly assess and lead to ensure that Adeso develops, maintains and follows appropriate security, risk and crisis management procedures based on relevant and current global policies to ensure duty of care to all staff.For a full job description

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) Consultant,(Nairobi), Deadline:6 November 2014 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Human Settlements ProgramCountry: KenyaClosing date: 06 Nov 2014Download PDF VersionCONSULTANT VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT****Issued on: 31 October 2014**ORGANIZATIONAL LOCATION:UN-HABITAT**DUTY STATION:****NairobiFUNCTIONAL TITLE:****Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) ConsultantDURATION:****2 MonthsCLOSING DATE:****6 November 2014BACKGROUNDThe UN Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) is the agency for Human settlements mandated by the UN General Assembly to promote socially and environmentally sustainable towns and cities. UN-Habitat helps the urban poor by transforming

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Senegal: ADMINISTRATEUR SENEGAL H/F (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Secours Islamique FranceCountry: SenegalClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Fondé en 1991, le Secours Islamique France est une ONG de solidarité internationale à vocation sociale et humanitaire.Le Secours Islamique se consacre à atténuer les souffrances des plus démunis en France et dans le monde, dans le respect de la diversité culturelle, sans distinction d’origine, de genre ou de croyance.Le Secours Islamique France recherche un administrateur H/F pour ses actions au Sénégal.Sous la responsabilité du chef de mission, l’administrateur a pour mission de superviser la gestion administrative,

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Advisor, WOMANKIND Worldwide, London; £36,720 (source: BOND)

Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Advisor, WOMANKIND Worldwide, London; £36,720 We are looking for a Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Advisor to lead in the provision of on-going technical support in the use of Womankind organisational M&E system across a) programmes, b) Womankind partner organisational strengthening, and c)...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Programme Manager, WOMANKIND Worldwide, London; £36,720 (source: BOND)

Programme Manager, WOMANKIND Worldwide, London; £36,720 We are looking for a Programme Manager to lead the strategic development of our programme and partnerships in Afghanistan, Ghana and Zambia. S/he will lead the planning, implementation and monitoring of Womankind’s programmes and partnerships in line...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Regional Advisor – Programme Quality (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Islamic ReliefCountry: KenyaClosing date: 25 Nov 2014Contract:One Year Fixed Term (Renewable Contract)Ref:RA-PQ/IPD-Af-EA/1014Location:Nairobi, Kenya (with travel in Africa)Salary:£26,112- £29,702 per annum (Dependent on experience) +Additional Benefits Package (Education Allowance, Accommodation Allowance, Flight Tickets, Healthcare and many more)We are currently recruiting for a Regional Advisor – Programme Quality based in Nairobi, Kenya with frequent travel to Ethiopia, South Sudan, Somalia and within Kenya. The post holder will provide leadership within the East

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Regional Awards Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Closing date: 12 Nov 2014Vacancy AnnouncementAbout usFor over 90 years, Save the Children has been making a difference in children's lives in more than 120 countries. We are the world's largest independent child rights organisation, underpinned by a vision in a world in which every child attains the right to survival, protection, development and participation. Our mission to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children, and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.Save the Children is an organization for talented people with different backgrounds and perspectives.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Programmes and Advocacy Officer – Social Enterprise, The Leprosy Mission, Peterborough; £28,000 (source: BOND)

Programmes and Advocacy Officer – Social Enterprise, The Leprosy Mission, Peterborough; £28,000 You will be responsible for the development of UK-funded programmes and developing income streams from institutional donors. In addition, you will be the social enterprise advisor globally and will also undertake UK based advocacy on leprosy and...

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning Manager (source: IIED)

Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning Manager We are recruiting a Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning Manager to help us ensure that IIED meets the requirements for monitoring, reporting and evaluating our work. The successful candidate will also help strengthen the organisation's capacity to plan, monitor, evaluate and learn for increased effectiveness, relevance and influence. Closing date:&nbsp;10am on Tuesday 25 November 2014

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: Proposal Development Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Save the ChildrenCountry: South SudanClosing date: 14 Nov 2014Save the Children is the world's leading independent organisation for children. We work in 120 countries. We save children's lives; we fight for their rights; we help them fulfil their potential.We work together, with our partners, to inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.We have over two million supporters worldwide and raised 1.9 billion dollars last year to reach more children than ever before, through programmes in health, nutrition,

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Vacancy Announcement: Finance Assistant (source: EADI)

Vacancy Announcement: Finance Assistant 2014/10 - United Nations University-World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER) Deadline: 5 November 2014

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Leadership Teams Coordinator (source: IIED)

Leadership Teams Coordinator IIED's Partnerships team is recruiting a Leadership Teams Coordinator. We are looking for an experienced coordinator to prepare materials for review and decision, liaise with staff across the organisation and external actors to bring key information and perspectives to each team, and ensure clear records of decisions and follow-up actions are available and acted upon. Closing date:&nbsp;10am on Thursday 27 November 2014

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Research Assistant/Senior Research Assistant (source: IFPRI)

  Job Summary:   The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) seeks a Research Assistant/Senior Research Assistant (RA/SRA) for a one-year, fixed-term, exempt, renewable appointment in its Markets, Trade and Institutions Division. The RA/SRA will work with multiple Research Fellows and will assist them on the day-to-day management of field-based research projects, including project coordination, logistics management, and liaising with field staff. The position will also include detailed data analysis, research papers, briefs, reports, and presentations in different

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Nutrition Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 30 Dec 2014The International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world's worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. At work today in over 40 countries and 22 U.S. cities, we restore safety, dignity and hope to millions who are uprooted and struggling to endure. The IRC leads the way from harm to home.Health

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Senior Coordinator for Nutrition Research (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 30 Dec 2014The International Rescue Committee (IRC) responds to the world's worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster. At work today in over 40 countries and 22 U.S. cities, we restore safety, dignity and hope to millions who are uprooted and struggling to endure. The IRC leads the way from harm to home.Health

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

M&E Manager, Integrated Humanitarian Response Programs - Somalia (219418-927)

PROGRAM SUMMARY: Mercy Corps has been working in Somalia since 2006 and is implementing a variety of programs in many regions. Somalia faces continued political, climatic, and economic shocks and stresses, including recurrent drought and erratic rainfall, continued instability from numerous conflicts and limited government capacity to establish authority, ensure security and provide public services. These have led to extreme vulnerability and contribute to youth radicalization, children&rsquo;s malnutrition, and distressful poverty. Mercy Corps Integrated Humanitarian Programs use system approach

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: M&amp;E Manager, Integrated Humanitarian Response Programs - Somalia (219418-927) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Mercy CorpsCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 30 Dec 2014PROGRAM SUMMARY:Mercy Corps has been working in Somalia since 2006 and is implementing a variety of programs in many regions. Somalia faces continued political, climatic, and economic shocks and stresses, including recurrent drought and erratic rainfall, continued instability from numerous conflicts and limited government capacity to establish authority, ensure security and provide public services. These have led to extreme vulnerability and contribute to youth radicalization, children’s malnutrition, and distressful poverty.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Senior WASH Specialist (2234) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Global CommunitiesCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 30 Dec 2014Global Communities is an international development non-profit organization.Our mission is to create long-lasting, positive and community-led change thatimproves the lives and livelihoods of vulnerable people across the globe.Global Communities is seeking a Senior WASH Specialist to join itsDevelopment and Technical Services group at the headquarters in Silver Spring,Maryland.The Senior WASH Specialist leads the development and technical implementationof new WASH projects. He/she pursues new business

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Communications Analyst, Erbil, Iraq, ICS-9 (P2) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Population FundCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 07 Nov 2014We are pleased to announce the following vacancy:VACANCY NO.: Job ID 2738POSITION NO: 00096380CLOSING DATE: 7 November 2014 (5.00 p.m. New York time)POST TITLE: Communications AnalystCATEGORY: ICS-9 (equivalent to P-2)DUTY STATION: Erbil, IraqPOST TYPE: Non-RotationalDURATION: One year (renewable)[i]ORGANIZATIONAL UNIT: UNFPA Iraq Country Office, Arab States Regional Office (ASRO)BACKGROUND INFORMATION:The recent deterioration in the political and security situation in Iraq in the

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: Nutrition Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ThesoCountry: South SudanClosing date: 14 Nov 2014Title: Nutrition ManagerLocation: KuajokClosing date: November 14th 2014Start Date: ImmediateDuration: 12 monthsPosition: One (1)Report to: Programme DirectorOnly short-listed applicants will be contacted. Due to the urgency of this position, applications will be short listed on a regular basis and we may offer this post before the closing date.Please note that this is an unaccompanied positionTHESOThe Health Support Organization is a leading registered South Sudanese based international nongovernmental, nonprofit

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Director of Advocacy and Impact Strategy, Enough Project (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Center for American ProgressCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014SummaryThe Director of Advocacy and Impact Strategy will lead and improve advocacy and campaigns, working closely with the Founding Director and senior leadership team to maximize the impact of Enough’s work. While continuing its use of major grassroots campaigns, rigorous analysis and reporting, and engagement with policymakers, influencers, leaders, and governments, the Enough Project is embarking on an array of new and dynamic initiatives, including an expansion of the Satellite Sentinel

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Serbia: Anti-Corruption Adviser (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Organization for Security and Co-operation in EuropeCountry: SerbiaClosing date: 26 Nov 2014General Minimum RequirementsThe general minimum requirements for working with the OSCE are:Excellent physical conditionPossession of a valid automobile driving license and ability to drive using manual transmissionAbility to cope with physical hardship and willingness to work extra hours and in an environment with limited infrastructureField of Expertise RequirementsThe general minimum requirements for working in this field of expertise are:University education in law or

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sudan: Associate Director, Sudans and Horn of Africa, Enough Project (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Center for American ProgressCountry: Sudan, United States of America, South SudanClosing date: 31 Dec 2014SummaryThe Associate Director position requires deep policy knowledge of the region as well as experience in team leadership. The Associate Director will carry out and lead research and impact strategy on the conflict dynamics in the region and related U.S. government and international policy for Enough’s policy papers, briefings, and advocacy efforts. The Associate Director will be responsible for leading the Enough Project’s policy and advocacy work on political, economic,

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: Policy Analyst, Central African Republic, Enough Project (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Center for American ProgressCountry: Central African Republic, United States of AmericaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014SummaryReporting to the Director of Research and Editorial and working in collaboration with staff and contractors on the Central African Republic, or CAR, the Policy Analyst on the Central African Republic will be responsible for researching and writing about the drivers of conflict in CAR and the surrounding region, including the war economy and sources of financing for the conflicting parties. The Policy Analyst will also focus on related U.S. government, corporate,

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: Monitoring and Evaluation Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Options Consultancy ServicesCountry: Afghanistan, MyanmarClosing date: 06 Nov 2014Role profileWe are seeking an experienced Monitoring and Evaluation Advisor for the upcoming DFID-funded programme ‘FP2020: monitoring and accountability at the national and local level’. The programme aims to ensure that country-level commitments made at the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning are met. It will do this by supporting strategic national and local accountability mechanisms that build the capacity of a) civil society to advocate for, and, where appropriate, b) the state and service

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

South Sudan: Contracts &amp; Grants Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ThesoCountry: South SudanClosing date: 14 Nov 2014Title: Contracts &amp; Grants ManagerLocation: JubaClosing date: November 14th 2014Start Date: ImmediateDuration: 12 monthsPosition: One (1)Report to: Programme DirectorOnly short-listed applicants will be contacted. Due to the urgency of this position, applications will be short listed on a regular basis and we may offer this post before the closing date.Please note that this is an unaccompanied positionTHESOThe Health Support Organization is a leading registered South Sudanese based international nongovernmental,

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Media Relations Specialist, Enough Project (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Center for American ProgressCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014SummaryEnough, a project of the Center for American Progress that works to prevent genocide and crimes against humanity, seeks a Media Relations Specialist. The Media Relations Specialist will be responsible for providing support for media relations, communications, marketing, promotion, project management, and administrative tasks.Responsibilities:Work directly with the Communications Director to assist with an array of media relations and communications activities.Collaborate with

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ethiopia: Governance (public &amp; private sector) Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Options Consultancy ServicesCountry: EthiopiaClosing date: 06 Nov 2014Role profileWe are seeking an experienced Governance Advisor for the upcoming DFID-funded programme ‘FP2020: monitoring and accountability at the national and local level’. The programme aims to ensure that country-level commitments made at the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning are met. It will do this by supporting strategic national and local accountability mechanisms that build the capacity of a) civil society to advocate for, and, where appropriate, b) the state and service providers to respond to

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ethiopia: Accountability Lead (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Options Consultancy ServicesCountry: Ethiopia, Malawi, Zambia, ZimbabweClosing date: 06 Nov 2014Role profileWe are seeking an experienced Accountability Lead for the upcoming DFID-funded programme ‘FP2020: monitoring and accountability at the national and local level’. The programme aims to ensure that country-level commitments made at the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning are met. It will do this by supporting strategic national and local accountability mechanisms that build the capacity of a) civil society to advocate for, and, where appropriate, b) the state and service

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Finance Associate, ICS-6, (G-6), New York, FB/DMS - Re-advertisement (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Population FundCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 21 Nov 2014We are pleased to Re-advertise the following vacancy:VACANCY NO: Job ID 2737CLOSING DATE: 21 November 2014 (5:00 p.m. New York time)POST TITLE: Finance AssociateCATEGORY: ICS-6 (equivalent to G-6)POST NUMBER: 26651POST TYPE: Non-rotationalDUTY STATION: New YorkDURATION: One year (renewable)1ORGANIZATIONAL UNIT: Finance Branch, Division for Management Services (FB/DMS)ORGANIZATIONAL UNITThis Finance Associate position is located within the Accounts Section, Finance Branch of the Division

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Digital Communications Associate, Enough Project (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Center for American ProgressCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014SummaryEnough, a project of the Center for American Progress that works to prevent genocide and crimes against humanity, seeks a Digital Communications Associate. The Digital Communications Associate will be responsible for helping provide support for media relations, communications, marketing, promotion, project management, and administrative support.Responsibilities:Work directly with the Director of Communications to assist with an array of digital communications and digital community

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Benin: Governance (public &amp; private sector) Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Options Consultancy ServicesCountry: Benin, TogoClosing date: 06 Nov 2014Role profileWe are seeking an experienced Governance Advisor for the upcoming DFID-funded programme ‘FP2020: monitoring and accountability at the national and local level’. The programme aims to ensure that country-level commitments made at the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning are met. It will do this by supporting strategic national and local accountability mechanisms that build the capacity of a) civil society to advocate for, and, where appropriate, b) the state and service providers to respond

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Republic of Tanzania: Project Assistant Child Protection - Mtwara (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Terre des hommesCountry: United Republic of TanzaniaClosing date: 14 Nov 2014Objective of the positionTo support the implementation of the Child Protection project in Mtwara and to support Mtwara CP project partners to deliver effective and efficient services to vulnerable children, in line with TdH Netherlands (TdH) strategy, policies and procedures.Position within the organisationReports hierarchically to the Project Coordinator Child Protection Mtwara.Responsibilities and ResultsMtwara Project support functions1.Contribution to the development and implementation

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Financial and Accounting Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Syria ReliefCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 31 Dec 2014General Work Experience:7+ years of progressively responsible experience for a company or division of a large corporation or organization.Skills :languages : Good in English (writing –reading –speaking ) also Turkish /any other languages is an advancecomputing : MS Excel ,MS WordStrong organizational, analytical and interpersonal skills.Strong verbal and written communication skills.Self-motivated to learn new concepts and participate in new projects.Strong experience in income statement analysis.Advanced Excel

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Denmark: Business Developer - Energy (Retainer) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Office for Project ServicesCountry: DenmarkClosing date: 14 Nov 2014Job DescriptionBased in Copenhagen, Denmark, the Global Portfolio Services Office (GPSO) develops and manages projects and services delivered in various locations across the globe. GPSO supports partners such as the World Bank, the European Union, the Department of Peacekeeping operations, the United Nations Mine Action Service, the Global Fund, and the Millennium Challenge Corporation, amongst others. This global portfolio constitutes a substantial volume of UNOPS project delivery.Under the overall guidance

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sudan: Country Director for Sudan (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Muslim AidCountry: SudanClosing date: 23 Nov 2014Muslim Aid is an international humanitarian relief &amp; development agency looking to employ professional individuals, who will be highly committed to our mission, vision and values. Muslim Aid is committed to having a workforce that is representative of the wide community it serves at all levels of the organisation. We therefore welcome applications from all backgrounds and all sections of the community.You will be leading the Muslim Aid Field Office in Sudan, providing strategic leadership and management to the country team.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: Chief of party (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ChemonicsCountry: UgandaClosing date: 07 Nov 2014Chemonics seeks a chief of party for the anticipated five-year,? USAID-funded Malaria Action Program for Districts Activity in Uganda. Based in Kampala, the program aims to establish effective malaria prevention programs; improve malaria diagnosis and treatment; and build the capacity of the National Malaria Control Program, regional performance monitoring and reporting teams, and district health management teams. We are looking for individuals who have a passion for making a difference in the lives of people around the world.Responsibilities

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Micro Retail Sector Lead (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Adam Smith InternationalCountry: KenyaClosing date: 15 Nov 2014The three-and-a-half year, DFID-funded Mombasa County Youth Employment Project, implemented by Adam Smith International, intends to address selected root causes of youth unemployment in Kenya’s second city, and thereby to encourage productive and sustainable job creation for Mombasa’s young men and women. It consists of a combination of skills development, market development, and policy and advocacy support. The project will be market-led, so that jobs and skills are focused on sectors of the economy that have long-term

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mali: Chief of party (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ChemonicsCountry: MaliClosing date: 15 Nov 2014Chemonics seeks a long-term chief of party for an anticipated USAID-funded global climate change project in Mali. The project aims to improve resilience to climate variability and change by increasing the use of effective climate information. It will work with national and local government entities and civil society organizations to increase their capacity to effectively use climate information and increase adoption of local solutions in climate change adaptation. We are looking for individuals who have a passion for making a difference

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: ALIMA - RCA - Coordinateur de Projet (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ALIMACountry: Central African RepublicClosing date: 30 Nov 2014ALIMA recrute un(e) Coordinateur (rice) de Projet pour son programme de réponse à l’urgence en Centrafrique.Pour visualiser le profil de poste, cliquez sur le lien ci-dessous:http://www.alimaong.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/2014_10_31-Coordinate...How to apply:Pour postuler, merci d’envoyer votre CV ainsi qu’une lettre de motivation à candidature@alima-ngo.org, en précisant dans l’objet du message la référence «Coordinateur de Projet BODA » avant le 30 novembre 2014.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Open Local Tender: Drilling and Development of Water infrastructures (source: Relief Web)

Organization: COOPI - Cooperazione InternazionaleCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 17 Nov 2014Tender is divided in Lots as follows:Lot 1: Drilling and Development of Dasso and Dibayo BoreholesLot 2: Infrastructure development of Dasso Borehole (Construction of storage tank, water kiosk, Generator Room, livestock troughs, and installation of submersible pump and generator, etc)Lot 3: Provision and installation chlorination system (Klorman) in Dasso BoreholeLot 4: Provision of Operation and Maintenance (O&amp;M) tools for Dasso BoreholeLot 5: Infrastructure development of Dibayo Borehole

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Philippines: Regional Humanitarian &amp; Emergency Affairs Capacity Specialist, South Asia and Pacific (source: Relief Web)

Organization: World VisionCountry: PhilippinesClosing date: 07 Nov 2014This position can be based in Singapore, Manila or anywhere within South Asia &amp; Pacific RegionThis is your opportunity to use your humanitarian and/or disaster management programming experience in to help improve the lives and futures of some of the world's most vulnerable children.You can do this by joining World Vision (WV)–a global network of people committed to enhance the well-being and protection of children everywhere by empowering them, their families and communities to overcome the challenges of poverty

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Canada: Medical Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Canadian Red CrossCountry: CanadaClosing date: 09 Nov 2014Do you want to make a difference? Join the world’s largest humanitarian network. The Canadian Red Cross Society (CRC), a non-profit, humanitarian organization dedicated to helping the most vulnerable in Canada and throughout the world, is currently seeking a Medical Coordinator, Emergency Response Team (ERT).The Medical Coordinator, ERT will be responsible to ensure that medical/clinical services, protocols/guidelines as well as clinical equipment (standardized kits and modules) and pharmaceuticals meet the minimum required

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Researcher (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Tufts UniversityCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Job DescriptionResearcher-14000885DescriptionResearcher (Turkey Based) - Feinstein International Center&#42;This is a Grant Funded, Limited Appointment Position&#42;The center's goal is to develop and promote operational and policy responses to protect and strengthen the livelihoods of people living in crisis effected and marginalized communities, impacted by violence, malnutrition or loss of assets. We work globally to understand the causes and effects of marginalization, famine, conflict, and forced displacement

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ghana: Chief of Party, Ghana (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ACDI/VOCACountry: GhanaClosing date: 15 Nov 2014For over 50 years and in 145 countries, ACDI/VOCA has empowered people in developing and transitional nations to succeed in the global economy. Based in Washington, D.C., ACDI/VOCA is a nonprofit international development organization that delivers technical and management assistance in agribusiness, financial services, enterprise development, community development and food security in order to promote broad-based economic growth and vibrant civil society. ACDI/VOCA currently has approximately 46 projects in 31 countries and revenues

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Youth Facilitator (source: OWSA)

Saath Charitable Trust invites applications for Youth Facilitator in Surat, Gujarat. Last date to receive applications: November 9, 2014.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ireland: International Programme Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Glencree Centre for Peace and ReconciliationCountry: IrelandClosing date: 14 Nov 2014GLENCREE CENTRE FOR PEACE AND RECONCILIATIONInternational Programme Manager position:To lead and further develop Glencree’s International Programme, Glencree is looking for an International Programme Manager. She or he, will be responsible and accountable for the strategic development, management and quality of the Programme and for the ongoing securing of resources to ensure its effective implementation.This is an exciting opportunity for an experienced peacebuilder interested in strategically

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Indonesia: Deputy Program Director (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CoffeyCountry: IndonesiaClosing date: 10 Nov 2014Australia Awards Indonesia (AAI) is managed by Coffey on behalf of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). Australia Awards is an integral part of Australia’s development cooperation program with Indonesia and has enjoyed strong support from both governments for more than sixty years. Australia Awards addresses two key challenges: to fill a gap in the pool of individuals with the higher-level capacity to contribute to Indonesia’s development; and the need for a strong deep relationship based on mutual understanding

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Deputy Program Director

Australia Awards Indonesia (AAI) is managed by Coffey on behalf of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). Australia Awards is an integral part of Australia&rsquo;s development cooperation program with Indonesia and has enjoyed strong support from both governments for more than sixty years. Australia Awards addresses two key challenges: to fill a gap in the pool of individuals with the higher-level capacity to contribute to Indonesia&rsquo;s development; and the need for a strong deep relationship based on mutual understanding between Australia and Indonesia. &nbsp; Long term contract

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Haiti: Behavior Change Communication Gender Technical Coordinator SSQH - Haiti (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Pathfinder InternationalCountry: HaitiClosing date: 15 Nov 2014To be considered for this position, please apply online at:http://www.pathfinder.org/about-us/careers/employment-opportunities/Pathfinder OverviewPathfinder International is a global leader in sexual and reproductive health. We place reproductive health care at the center of all that we do—believing that it is not only a fundamental human right, but is critical for expanding life opportunities for women, families, communities, and nations, and paving the way for transformations in environmental stewardship, decreases

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Iraq: Finance Intern - Middle East &amp; Northern Africa (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Agency for Technical Cooperation and DevelopmentCountry: Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, occupied Palestinian territory, Turkey, YemenClosing date: 31 Dec 2014I. Background on ACTEDACTED is a French humanitarian NGO, founded in 1993, which supports vulnerable populations, affected by humanitarian crises worldwide. ACTED provides continued support to vulnerable communities by ensuring the sustainability of post-crisis interventions and engaging long-term challenges facing our target populations, in order to break the poverty cycle, foster development and reduce vulnerability to

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Haiti: Administrative Assistant SSQH - Haiti (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Pathfinder InternationalCountry: HaitiClosing date: 15 Nov 2014To be considered for this position, please apply online at:http://www.pathfinder.org/about-us/careers/employment-opportunities/Pathfinder OverviewPathfinder International is a global leader in sexual and reproductive health. We place reproductive health care at the center of all that we do—believing that it is not only a fundamental human right, but is critical for expanding life opportunities for women, families, communities, and nations, and paving the way for transformations in environmental stewardship, decreases

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Haiti: Service Delivery / Continuous Quality Improvement Advisor - Haiti (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Pathfinder InternationalCountry: HaitiClosing date: 15 Nov 2014To be considered for this position, please apply online at:http://www.pathfinder.org/about-us/careers/employment-opportunities/Pathfinder OverviewPathfinder International is a global leader in sexual and reproductive health. We place reproductive health care at the center of all that we do—believing that it is not only a fundamental human right, but is critical for expanding life opportunities for women, families, communities, and nations, and paving the way for transformations in environmental stewardship, decreases

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Mali: Responsable Finance Pays – Mali (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Agency for Technical Cooperation and DevelopmentCountry: MaliClosing date: 31 Dec 2014I. ACTEDACTED est une association de solidarité internationale française qui a pour vocation de soutenir les populations vulnérables de par le monde et de les accompagner dans la construction d’un futur meilleur en apportant une réponse adaptée à des besoins précis depuis 1993. ACTED vient en aide aux populations touchées par les crises grâce à une approche à la fois globale et locale, multidisciplinaire et adaptée à chaque contexte. Ses équipes (3300 personnes) interviennent dans 34 pays

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Director, Service Delivery, Strengthening and Integration - E2A (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Pathfinder InternationalCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 15 Nov 2014To be considered for this position, please apply online at:http://www.pathfinder.org/about-us/careers/employment-opportunities/Pathfinder OverviewPathfinder International is a global leader in sexual and reproductive health. We place reproductive health care at the center of all that we do—believing that it is not only a fundamental human right, but is critical for expanding life opportunities for women, families, communities, and nations, and paving the way for transformations in environmental

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Senior Policy Analyst, Democratic Republic of Congo and the Great Lakes Region (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Center for American ProgressCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014SummaryThe Senior Policy Analyst focusing on the Democratic Republic of Congo, or DRC, and the Great Lakes Region will be responsible for researching and writing about the drivers of conflict and policy options in eastern DRC—as well as related U.S. government, corporate, and international policy—for the Enough Project’s policy papers, briefings, and advocacy efforts. This position requires three main areas of expertise: deep field-based knowledge about the economic, security, and political

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Niger: Responsable finance – Niger (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Agency for Technical Cooperation and DevelopmentCountry: NigerClosing date: 31 Dec 2014I. ACTEDACTED est une ONG créée en 1993 dont l’objet est la mise en œuvre de programmes d’urgence, de ACTED est une association de solidarité internationale française qui a pour vocation de soutenir les populations vulnérables de par le monde et de les accompagner dans la construction d’un futur meilleur en apportant une réponse adaptée à des besoins précis depuis 1993. ACTED vient en aide aux populations touchées par les crises grâce à une approche à la fois globale et locale, multidisciplinaire

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Team Leader: Kenya Horticulture Programme (source: Relief Web)

Organization: SNV Netherlands Development OrganisationCountry: KenyaClosing date: 14 Nov 2014Are you interested in joining an international organisation with a long-term commitment to fighting poverty? Would you like to work in a challenging environment to develop a career focused on shared values and lasting impact?SNV Netherlands development Organisation is looking for:Team Leader: Kenya Horticulture Programme(Re-advertisement)Based in Nairobi, Kenya(International contract)SNV is a not-for-profit international development organisation. Founded in the Netherlands nearly 50 years

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Indonesia: Regional Compliance Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Conservation InternationalCountry: IndonesiaClosing date: 15 Nov 2014Working in 30+ countries globally, Conservation International (CI) Foundation is a non-profit organization committed to empowering societies to responsibly and sustainable care for nature for the good of humanity. We are constantly growing and expanding into areas new and old. With each step, we need more and more hands. Apply your passion, skills, and talents to helping us protect the most important places around the world. We are currently looking to fill the following position for our office in Jakarta:Responsibilities:Perform

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Chad: Responsable Finance Tchad (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Agency for Technical Cooperation and DevelopmentCountry: ChadClosing date: 31 Dec 2014I. ACTEDACTED est une association de solidarité internationale française qui a pour vocation de soutenir les populations vulnérables de par le monde et de les accompagner dans la construction d’un futur meilleur en apportant une réponse adaptée à des besoins précis depuis 1993. ACTED vient en aide aux populations touchées par les crises grâce à une approche à la fois globale et locale, multidisciplinaire et adaptée à chaque contexte. Ses équipes (3300 personnes) interviennent dans 34 pays

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Cameroon: Cameroun – Logisticien Base (H/F) – Garoua Boulai (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Solidarités InternationalCountry: CameroonClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Date de rédaction : 31/10/2014Date de prise de fonction souhaitée : 15/12/2014Durée de la mission : 4 mois renouvelables en fonction de financementLocalisation : Garoua Boulai, Région de l’Est, CamerounMISSIONPour en savoir plus sur la mission de Solidarités International (SI) au Cameroun: http://www.solidarites.org/fr/nos-missions/camerounEn raison d’un afflux important de réfugiés au cours des derniers mois, le site de Gado et le site de transit se sont retrouvés complètement saturés. Un nouveau site

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Tunisia: Country Finance Manager - Tunisia (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Agency for Technical Cooperation and DevelopmentCountry: TunisiaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014I. Background on ACTEDACTED is an independent international, private, non-partisan and non-profit organization that operates according to principles of strict neutrality, political and religious impartiality, and non discrimination.ACTED was created in 1993 to support populations affected by the conflict in Afghanistan. Based in Paris, France, ACTED now operates in 30 countries worldwide, with over 200 international and 4000 national staff. ACTED has a 100 million € budget for over 340

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Monitoring, Evaluation &amp; Learning Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CARE International UKCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 17 Nov 2014CARE International is a global confederation of 14 member organisations working together to end povertywith a particular emphasis on working with women and girls, through core strategies of gender equality and women’s voice, promoting inclusive governance and increasing resilience. In 2013 CARE International (CI) worked in 86 countries supporting 927 poverty-fighting development and humanitarian aid projects, to reach some 97 million people. CARE International UK (CIUK)

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Sierra Leone: Humanitarian Response Officer - Sierra Leone (source: Relief Web)

Organization: TrócaireCountry: Sierra LeoneClosing date: 17 Nov 2014Job Title: Humanitarian Response Officer-Sierra LeoneLocation: Freetown – Sierra LeoneDate: 22/10/14Ref No: 14-ID-016Description of the unit / department:Trócaire is one of Ireland’s leading agencies working for global justice and promoting human development.The International Divisionis responsible for Trócaire’s development and humanitarian work worldwide.Background to the Role: Trócaire has a country office in Freetown and has been supporting development and humanitarian interventions in the country since 1990.

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Rwanda: Evaluation of the Sustainable Livelihoods Programme (source: Relief Web)

Organization: OxfamCountry: RwandaClosing date: 03 Nov 2014Background:Oxfam Rwanda programme rolled out its Joint Country Strategic Plan (JCAS) in March 2012. Its vision is for a country where women and men enjoy equal rights and benefits as part of an inclusive development process. On the basis of the country context analysis, and taking into consideration how power is wielded and how change happens as well as the critical outcomes that Oxfam would need to realize to overcome poverty and suffering in Rwanda, the Country Strategy is based on these two interlinked and mutually reinforcing

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Project Engineer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: COOPI - Cooperazione InternazionaleCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 05 Nov 2014Technical AssessmentsTo identify construction/rehabilitation needs for WASH infrastructure in project areas in collaboration with the stakeholders and in line with the projects plans;To carry out preliminary and detailed feasibility assessments and determine the suitable technological option for infrastructure, water or sanitation structure rehabilitation/construction;To assess the socio and economic viability for water sources and livelihood infrastructure to be developed/rehabilitated;To assess

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Senegal: Chargé de projets sécurité alimentaire H/F (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Secours Islamique FranceCountry: SenegalClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Le Secours Islamique France (SIF) est une Organisation Non Gouvernementale de solidarité internationale basée en France. Fondée en 1992, le SIF est une association (loi 1901) apolitique à but non lucratif ayant pour objectif de secourir, apporter de l’aide et protéger les victimes de catastrophes naturelles, de conflits armés ou de crises économiques. Le SIF apporte son aide depuis plus de 20 ans dans le respect des diversités culturelles, sans aucune distinction d’origine, de religion ou de genre.Le Secours Islamique

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ghana: Global Security Trainer and Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Voluntary Service OverseasCountry: Ghana, Kenya, South Africa, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 16 Nov 2014About VSOVSO is the world’s leading independent international development organisation that works through volunteers to fight poverty in developing countries. Our high-impact approach brings people together to share skills, build capabilities, promote international understanding and action to change lives and make the world a fairer place.Role overviewTo ensure that VSO's security framework is embedded in management ways of working

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Haiti: Chef de mission HAITI H/F (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Secours Islamique FranceCountry: HaitiClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Le Secours Islamique France recherche un chef de mission pour Haïti. Interlocuteur du siège sur le terrain et sous la responsabilité du directeur des projets, le/ la chef de mission détermine la stratégie de la mission et la dirige.Vos tâches seront les suivantes :Elaborer et mettre en œuvre la stratégie de la mission en accord avec le siège.Analyser sur le terrain la situation sur le plan humanitaire, sécuritaire, politique, économique et social.Représenter le SIF auprès des autorités locales et partenaires

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Chad: Tchad - Responsable de Base/ log-admin (H/F) – Ati (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Solidarités InternationalCountry: ChadClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Date de rédaction :31/10/2014Date de prise de poste souhaitée :15/12/2014Durée de la mission :6 moisLocalisation :Ati, Batha TCHADMISSIONPour en savoir plus sur la mission de Solidarités International (SI) au Tchad:http://www.solidarites.org/fr/nos-missions/tchadRESPONSABILITESLe responsable de base assure la représentation de Solidarités International par délégation du Chef de Mission sur une base ou sur une zone géographique.Il anime la vie de la base et veille à la bonne communication entre les différents

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Coordinateur de Projet h/f (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Secours Islamique FranceClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Le Secours Islamique France recherche des coordinateurs/trices pour ses diverses actions à travers le monde. Sous la responsabilité du chef de mission, le/ la coordinateur de projets a pour mission de veiller à la mise en œuvre des projets de la mission.Vos tâches seront les suivantes :S’assurer de la bonne marche des programmes en cours (respect du cycle de projet, du cadre logique, du calendrier, reporting narratif…).Proposer et développer de nouveaux programmes (évaluation initiale, identification et conception de projets,

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Coordinateur de Projet h/f (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Secours Islamique FranceClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Le Secours Islamique France recherche des coordinateurs/trices pour ses diverses actions à travers le monde. Sous la responsabilité du chef de mission, le/ la coordinateur de projets a pour mission de veiller à la mise en œuvre des projets de la mission.Vos tâches seront les suivantes :S’assurer de la bonne marche des programmes en cours (respect du cycle de projet, du cadre logique, du calendrier, reporting narratif…).Proposer et développer de nouveaux programmes (évaluation initiale, identification et conception de projets,

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Coordinateur de Projet h/f (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Secours Islamique FranceClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Le Secours Islamique France recherche des coordinateurs/trices pour ses diverses actions à travers le monde. Sous la responsabilité du chef de mission, le/ la coordinateur de projets a pour mission de veiller à la mise en œuvre des projets de la mission.Vos tâches seront les suivantes :S’assurer de la bonne marche des programmes en cours (respect du cycle de projet, du cadre logique, du calendrier, reporting narratif…).Proposer et développer de nouveaux programmes (évaluation initiale, identification et conception de projets,

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Researcher / Advisor Gender (source: Relief Web)

Country: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 20 Nov 2014Researcher / Advisor GenderDirectorate: International Law and PolicyPermanent Contract£43,812 per annumLondonAt the forefront of the human rights movement, Amnesty pioneers research into areas where there is little precedent in law and policy. Our Gender and Women's Human Rights team looks at the issues faced by women in these areas, and determine ways for Amnesty to make a real difference. Your contributions will be critical.ABOUT THE ROLEA specialist researcher joining a team of experts, you'll

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Central African Republic: PUBLIC HEALTH PROMOTER TEAM LEADER (Bangui, Central African Republic) Reference: 64/14-15 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: OxfamCountry: Central African RepublicClosing date: 16 Nov 2014At Oxfam we are people who believe in justice and solidarity, and work to change the world. We are acting in a comprehensive way in around fifty countries of Africa, Latin America and Asia, working on more than 500 development and humanitarian action projects, we promote fair trade and social awareness and mobilization campaigns.ContextSince the coup d’état in March 2013 clashes between Seleka and anti-Balaka militias have continued. In early December 2013 these tensions increased causing widespread insecurity

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Lebanon: Deputy Operations / Country Finance Manager - Lebanon (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Agency for Technical Cooperation and DevelopmentCountry: LebanonClosing date: 31 Dec 2014I. Background on ACTEDACTED is an independent international, private, non-partisan and non-profit organization that operates according to principles of strict neutrality, political and religious impartiality, and non discrimination.ACTED was created in 1993 to support populations affected by the conflict in Afghanistan. Based in Paris, France, ACTED now operates in 34 countries worldwide, with over 200 international and 3000 national staff. In 2009, ACTED has a 110 million € budget for

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ukraine: Winterization Program Coordinator, Eastern Ukraine (source: Relief Web)

Organization: People in NeedCountry: UkraineClosing date: 14 Nov 2014People In Need (PIN)Terms of ReferenceWinterization program coordinator, Eastern UkrainePeople in Need (PIN) is the Czech Republic based NGO working in relief and development sectors. See more at www.peopleineed.cz. In early August 2014 PIN opened humanitarian response in Eastern Ukraine and the program is rapidly expanding. Focus is given on the assistance to the IDPs, returnees and population living in the contested areas in the sectors of food security, shelter &amp; winterization and health. Total volume of the

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Skills Development Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Adam Smith InternationalCountry: KenyaClosing date: 15 Nov 2014Adam Smith International is an award-winning professional services business that delivers real impact, value and lasting change through projects supporting economic growth and government reform internationally. Our reputation as a global leader has been built on the positive results our projects have achieved in many of the world’s most challenging environments. We provide high quality specialist expertise and program management capability at all stages of the project cycle, from policy and strategy development, to

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Hygiene &amp; Nutrition officer (Somali National Only) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: COOPI - Cooperazione InternazionaleCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 06 Nov 2014The HSF/Nutrition officer role is to safeguard and improve the public health and Nutrition of the affected population by: promoting best Hygiene&amp; Nutrition practices, including dissemination of improved IYCF practices; ensuring appropriate community involvement in the design and delivery of essential nutrition services.· Help plan and carry out needs assessments, baseline studies and periodic studies, and feedback findings to stakeholders.· Help plan activities to reduce Hygiene&amp;Nutrition

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Monitoring &amp; Evaluation Coordinator (source: Relief Web)

Organization: GVEP InternationalCountry: KenyaClosing date: 12 Nov 2014Position: Monitoring and Evaluation CoordinatorLocation: GVEP-I East Africa Regional Office, Nairobi, KenyaReports to: Program Support ManagerPurposeTo lead GVEP International’s Monitoring and Evaluation (M&amp;E) work in Africa, to enhance quality M&amp;E, analysis and learning from project implementation by ensuring appropriate use of M&amp;E frameworks and tools that assure quality programme delivery across GVEP and partners’ projects. This position works with the Programme Support Manager and the Programme Director

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: SENIOR TECHNICAL ADVISOR – REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND FAMILY PLANNING (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Management Sciences for HealthCountry: KenyaClosing date: 14 Nov 2014ID:13-7828USAID/Kenya’s Health Commodities and Services Management (HCSM) Program, implemented by MSH, to improve health outcomes and impact through sustainable country-led programs and partnerships that address commodity management, pharmaceutical services and policy, and laboratory systems seeks to recruit a Senior Technical Advisor (STA).Overall Responsibilities:Reporting to the Deputy Project Director, the Senior Technical Advisor, Reproductive Health/Family Planning (RH/FP) will be responsible for

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Indonesia: HIV/AIDS Specialist - Readvertisement (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: IndonesiaClosing date: 09 Nov 2014UNICEF INDONESIAUNICEF Indonesia welcomes applications from qualified candidates for the following position. Interested applicants should submit electronically their application letter, complete curriculum vitae, updated P11 form accompanied by copy of university degree addressed to:jakartahr@unicef.org(Please quote the reference number for which you are applying for in the subject line:VR-14-061 : HIV/AIDS Specialist JayapuraOnly shortlisted candidates will be contacted.Closing date: 9 November 2014The

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Cambodia: Development Director (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Angkor Hospital for ChildrenCountry: CambodiaClosing date: 11 Nov 2014Job OpportunitiesTo : All interested candidates.From : Human Resource Department, Angkor Hospital for ChildrenPosition : Development Director.Report to : Executive DirectorVacancy : 01 positionJob Location : Angkor Hospital for Children, Siem Reap, CambodiaClosing Date : November 11th, 2014 at 17:00pmAngkor Hospital for Children (AHC) is a non-profit organization which provides free medical care to children in Siem Reap and serves as an official teaching hospital. AHC is looking for a highly

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: WASH Project Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: COOPI - Cooperazione InternazionaleCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 05 Nov 2014The WASH Project Manager will directly manage the implementation of a comprehensive emergency WASH project and the main roles include planning the project implementation ensuring timely delivery, high quality of works, accountability is withheld, the supervision of field staff, regular monitoring of field activities, budget monitoring, and close coordination with other actors in the region. A highly motivated individual with significant WASH related experience working with communities and local administration,

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ghana: ICS Programme Manager, Ghana &amp; The Occupied Palestinian Territory (2 positions). (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International ServiceCountry: Ghana, occupied Palestinian territoryClosing date: 17 Nov 2014Vacancy: ICS Programme Manager, 2 positions.Location: one in Tamale, northern Ghana, the other in Jerusalem, operating in the occupied Palestinian territoryPackage: Competitive salary and benefitsTenure: Full time, fixed term until 31 August 2015 with probable long term extension subject to funding.For over 60 years International Service has been changing lives for the better in developing countries around the world. We work by strengthen civil society organisations seeking to

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Project Design Specialist, Monitoring and Evaluation Support Project - MSI - South Sudan (source: The Communication Initiative Network)

VACANT POST - BASIC INFORMATION Organisation:&nbsp; Management Systems International (MSI) Location:&nbsp; South Sudan, Sudan Application Deadline (optional):&nbsp; December 29, 2014 Company Profile: Submission Instructions:&nbsp; Click here to apply:http://www.Click2apply.net/xnj7kyb read

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: UNICEF Peacebuilding, Education, and Advocacy (PBEA) Program Outcome Evaluation (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 24 Nov 20141.0.PURPOSE OF EXPRESSION OF INTEREST (EOI)UNICEF Evaluation Office (New York) plans to commission an end-of-programme evaluation for the Peacebuilding, Education and Advocacy Programme (PBEA). The PBEA end-of-programme evaluation strategy has two components;(i) the on-going developmental evaluation focusing mainly on systematic, reflective learning in order to capture the complex nature of programming for peacebuilding, and progress towards outcomes; and, (ii)anoutcome evaluation to conduct systematic

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Myanmar: Accountability Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Options Consultancy ServicesCountry: MyanmarClosing date: 06 Nov 2014Role profileWe are seeking an experienced Accountability Specialist for the upcoming DFID-funded programme ‘FP2020: monitoring and accountability at the national and local level’. The programme aims to ensure that country-level commitments made at the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning are met. It will do this by supporting strategic national and local accountability mechanisms that build the capacity of a) civil society to advocate for, and, where appropriate, b) the state and service providers to respond

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: Accountability Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Options Consultancy ServicesCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 06 Nov 2014Role profileWe are seeking an experienced Accountability Specialist for the upcoming DFID-funded programme ‘FP2020: monitoring and accountability at the national and local level’. The programme aims to ensure that country-level commitments made at the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning are met. It will do this by supporting strategic national and local accountability mechanisms that build the capacity of a) civil society to advocate for, and, where appropriate, b) the state and service providers to

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Administration Asisstant (Local Hire) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CARECountry: TurkeyClosing date: 30 Nov 2014“CARE International in Turkey serves disempowered people so they can overcome poverty with dignity. CARE models the principles of transparency, accountability, participation, equity and continuous learning.”Job Title: Administration Asisstant (Local Hire)Duty Station:based in Gaziantep, Turkey. Periodic travel may be required.Deadline to apply: November 20 , 2014Duration of the position: 6 months.CARE is a leading humanitarian organization fighting global poverty.CARE International in Turkey provides cross-border humanitarian

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Procurement &amp; Logistics Officer (Local Hire) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CARECountry: TurkeyClosing date: 30 Nov 2014“CARE International in Turkey serves disempowered people so they can overcome poverty with dignity. CARE models the principles of transparency, accountability, participation, equity and continuous learning.”Job Title: Procurement &amp; Logistics Officer (Local Hire)Duty Station:based in Gaziantep, Turkey. Periodic travel may be required.Deadline to apply: November 20 , 2014Duration of the position: 6 months.CARE is a leading humanitarian organization fighting global poverty.CARE International in Turkey provides cross-border

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: Civil Society Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Options Consultancy ServicesCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 06 Nov 2014Role profileWe are seeking an experienced Civil Society Specialist for the upcoming DFID-funded programme ‘FP2020: monitoring and accountability at the national and local level’. The programme aims to ensure that country-level commitments made at the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning are met. It will do this by supporting strategic national and local accountability mechanisms that build the capacity of a) civil society to advocate for, and, where appropriate, b) the state and service providers to respond

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Myanmar: Civil Society Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Options Consultancy ServicesCountry: MyanmarClosing date: 06 Nov 2014Role profileWe are seeking an experienced Civil Society Specialist for the upcoming DFID-funded programme ‘FP2020: monitoring and accountability at the national and local level’. The programme aims to ensure that country-level commitments made at the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning are met. It will do this by supporting strategic national and local accountability mechanisms that build the capacity of a) civil society to advocate for, and, where appropriate, b) the state and service providers to respond

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Afghanistan: Service Provider Advisor (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Options Consultancy ServicesCountry: AfghanistanClosing date: 06 Nov 2014Role profileWe are seeking an experienced Service Provider Advisor for the upcoming DFID-funded programme ‘FP2020: monitoring and accountability at the national and local level’. The programme aims to ensure that country-level commitments made at the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning are met. It will do this by supporting strategic national and local accountability mechanisms that build the capacity of a) civil society to advocate for, and, where appropriate, b) the state and service providers to respond

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Programme Development Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Plan UKCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 09 Nov 2014What you need to knowThe post is Programme Development Manager and you will be in the Programme department.As Programme Development Manager you will be responsible for leading a team of ProgrammeDevelopment Officers who scope and evaluate opportunities from new and existing institutional donors in Plan countries and lead on the development of high-quality proposals for these donors (particularly the EC, DFID, Big Lottery Fund and Comic Relief), in close collaboration with resource

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Program Officers, SPICE Project - MSI - Colombo, Sri Lanka (source: The Communication Initiative Network)

VACANT POST - BASIC INFORMATION Organisation:&nbsp; Management Systems International (MSI) Location:&nbsp; Other / Non-US, Sri Lanka Application Deadline (optional):&nbsp; December 29, 2014 Company Profile: Submission Instructions:&nbsp; Apply Here: http://www.Click2apply.net/3jh53bh read

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Ukraine: Emergency Program Coordinator, Eastern Ukraine (source: Relief Web)

Organization: People in NeedCountry: UkraineClosing date: 14 Nov 2014People In Need (PIN)Terms of ReferenceEmergency Program Coordinator, Eastern UkrainePeople in Need (PIN) is the Czech Republic based NGO working in relief and development sectors. See more at www.Popleineed.cz. In early August 2014 PIN opened humanitarian response in Eastern Ukraine and the program is rapidly expanding. Focus is given on the assistance to the IDPs, returnees and population living in the contested areas in the sectors of food security, shelter &amp; winterization and health. Volume of the programs is

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Papua New Guinea: Infrastructure Procurement Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: HKL Global SolutionsCountry: Papua New GuineaClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Job DescriptionHK Logistics has been appointed as the Managing Contractor to deliver the Health and Education Procurement Facility (HEPF) in Papua New Guinea. This program is funded by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade on behalf of the Australian Government.As the Infrastructure Procurement Specialist you will:Lead and manage the Procurement Services aspect of the HEPF Program.Manage all aspects of infrastructure procurement services, including establishment of systems, planning and reporting,

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Program Officer-CORDS (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Counterpart InternationalCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 30 Jan 2015SUMMARY:Under the supervision of the Director of Humanitarian Assistance, s/he will provide backstopping and assist in the oversight of program implementation, as well as provide strategic and technical assistance necessary to achieve all program objectives. The Program Officer will report to the Director of Humanitarian Assistance and will support field offices by providing technical and administrative support. The Program Officer will also be expected to support new business development as needed.DUTIES

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Niger: NIGER - Administrateur Pays (source: Relief Web)

Organization: COOPI - Cooperazione InternazionaleCountry: NigerClosing date: 21 Nov 2014Durée: dès Janvier 2015, 12 moisLocalisation géographique: NiameyCOOPI est présente au Niger depuis 2012, suite à la crise alimentaire et nutritionnelle qui a frappé le Pays, et recherche à présent un Administrateur Pays.POSITIONADMINISTRATEUR PAYSRAPPORT hiérarchique: CHEF DE MISSIONRAPPORT technique: RESPONSABLE ADMIN SIEGEIl assure la correcte gestion administrative/financière et le caractère soutenable de la coordination pays, et des coordinations de zones (si présentes), en préparant les

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Regional Programme Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: International Rescue CommitteeCountry: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandClosing date: 10 Nov 2014Please view the attached job description for full details of this post and details on how to apply.BACKGROUNDThe International Rescue Committee (IRC) is one of the world’s leading humanitarian relief organisations. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC responds to the world’s worst humanitarian crises and helps people survive, recover and rebuild their lives. The IRC delivers emergency aid, protects children, provides health care, prevents

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

India: Country Administrator India, missions Nepal (source: Relief Web)

Organization: WeWorld IntervitaCountry: India, NepalClosing date: 30 Nov 2014Code: 2614/ADMININDIA/ESTPosition: Country Administrator India, missions NepalDepartment/Area: CooperationRelate to: India Country Representative, Desk AsiaLocation:BaseMumbai (India), missions NepalType Contract: consultant 12 months****Apply before :****2014, 30th NovemberStart Mission:2015, JanuaryWork ContextWeWorld Intervita is a non-profit non-governmental organisation for development cooperation, recognised by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs; we are independent, non-denominational

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Water and Sanitation (WatSan)Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CARECountry: TurkeyClosing date: 30 Nov 2014CARE International in TurkeyVACANCY ANNOUNCEMENTJOB PROFILEJob Title: Water and Sanitation (WatSan) Officer - {Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion Sector}Location: Urfa, TurkeyContract Duration: 6 monthsStart date: ASAPReports to: Program Manager. Technical support from - WASH Technical AdvisorReporting to: Lead construction contractorJob Purpose:To facilitate the effective and successful planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of Water and Sanitation programme activities in the districts assigned

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning (MEAL) Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CARECountry: TurkeyClosing date: 30 Nov 2014JOB DESCRIPTIONMonitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning (MEAL) Officer for the Emergency Response in Southern TurkeyCARE International in Turkey (CARE), together with its partners, is providing humanitarian assistance to people affected by the Syrian crisis, both in Syria and Turkey. In response to the large-scale influx of refugees in late September/early October 2014, CARE began projects in southern Turkey. As the response to the Kobane crisis is being rapidly scaled up, CARE wants to make every possible effort to ensure

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Book keeping officer (Turkish) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Syria ReliefCountry: TurkeyClosing date: 31 Dec 2014Qualifications and Education Requirements:Bachelor's Degree or Diploma in AccountingGeneral Work Experience:2-3 years supervising the activities of accounting sharing in the process of planning, prioritizing, assigning, and reviewing cash flow, accounting for grants projects.Skills :languages : Good in English (writing –reading –speaking ) other language will be desired especially (Arabic, Turkish)Computing : A. Microsoft Excel (essential for reporting )B. Microsoft word (essential for reporting )Financial

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

United States of America: Regional Desk Specialist, Programme Division, New York, ICS-11 (P4) (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Population FundCountry: United States of AmericaClosing date: 13 Nov 2014We are pleased to announce the following vacancy:JOB ID NO.: 2732CLOSING DATE: 13 November 2014 (5:00 p.m. New York time)POST TITLE: Regional Desk SpecialistCATEGORY: ICS- 11 (P-4)POST NUMBER: 38405POST TYPE: Non - RotationalDUTY STATION: New YorkDURATION: One year (renewable)ORGANIZATIONAL UNIT: Operational Support &amp; Quality Assurance Branch (OSQAB), Programme DivisionORGANIZATIONAL UNITThe Regional Desk Specialist post is located in the Programme Division, Operational Support

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Haiti: Spécialiste en Communication et Gestion des Connaissances (source: Relief Web)

Organization: University Research Co.Country: HaitiClosing date: 30 Nov 2014UNIVERSITY RESEARCH CO, LLCServices de Santé de Qualité pour Haïti – NordAvis de recrutement interne/externeTITRE DU POSTE: Spécialiste en Communication et Gestion des ConnaissancesProjet: SSQH-Nord LOCATION: CAP-Haitien Type de Contrat: Indéterminé Mandat de l’organisationUniversity Research Co., LLC (URC) a pour mission fondamentale d’améliorer la qualité et l’accès aux services sanitaires et sociaux et à l’éducation sanitaire dans le monde entier.Avec sa société affiliée à but non lucratif, le Center for

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Literacy and primary school reading specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: ChemonicsCountry: Democratic Republic of the CongoClosing date: 14 Nov 2014Che?monics seeks a specialist in literacy and primary school reading for the anticipated Equitable Access to Education and Learning project in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The specialist will provide technical leadership in reading and writing skills development in primary schools and direct the design and implementation of reading curricula (scope and sequence) and materials for Grades 1 to 4, in three Congolese languages and French. The core materials to create and/or adapt will include scripted

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Somalia: Field WASH Officer (source: Relief Web)

Organization: COOPI - Cooperazione InternazionaleCountry: SomaliaClosing date: 05 Nov 2014The Field WASH Officer supports the Project Manager in overseeing planning and implementation of program activities in the district including support in planning the project implementation ensuring timely delivery, high quality of works, regular monitoring of field activities in the region. Specifically the WASH Officer:Supports in implementation of emergency WASH project in Galgadud region including water supply rehabilitation and detailed hygiene and sanitation promotion activities;Supports PM in

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Tunisia: Logistics Manager (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Syria ReliefCountry: TunisiaClosing date: 31 Dec 2014Qualifications and Education RequirementsBH in business management , accounting , economy or engineering | MBA in HR is an advantageGeneral Work Experience5+ years of experience of logistics and distribution managers able to organize the storage and distribution of good ensuring the right products are delivered to the right location on time and at a good cost. Also have good experience and involved in transportation, stock control, warehousing and monitoring the flow of goods. also with good experience in staff managementSkillslanguages

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Kenya: Cloud Datacenter Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Columbia UniversityCountry: KenyaClosing date: 07 Nov 2014BackgroundColumbia Global Centers | Africa (CGC Africa) is part of Columbia University’s global network of centers, which together aim to create opportunities in research, scholarship and teaching around the world, and expand Columbia's mission as a global university. Established in Nairobi in 2011, CGC Africa links the continent to Columbia’s scientific rigor, technological innovation, and academic leadership. The Centre works closely with policy makers, governments, and regional and African institutions, providing

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Uganda: Head of Finance and Administration (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Hijra OrganizationCountry: UgandaClosing date: 09 Nov 2014Humanitarian Initiative Just Relief Aid (HIJRA) is an international African humanitarian and development organization that positively contributes towards improving the living standards and conditions of those adversely affected by disasters and conflict in the Horn, East &amp; Central Africa by implementing WASH, Health, Education, Livelihoods, Community service &amp; development and Protection programs in the region for a period of more than 20 years.HIJRA with funding from the UNHCR in Uganda is implementing a multi-Sectoral

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Distribution Field Officers (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CARECountry: TurkeyClosing date: 30 Nov 2014JOB DESCRIPTIONDISTRIBUTION FIELD OFFICERS (x2)CARE International in Turkey (CARE), together with its partners, is providing humanitarian assistance to people affected by the Syrian crisis, both in Syria and Turkey. In response to the large-scale influx of refugees in late September/early October 2014, CARE began projects in southern Turkey.I - Position SummaryManaged by the Program Manager and working in collaboration with other members of the technical staff, the Distribution Field Officers (one focusing on the Nizip area,

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Turkey: Community Field Officers (source: Relief Web)

Organization: CARECountry: TurkeyClosing date: 30 Nov 2014JOB DESCRIPTIONCOMMUNITY FIELD OFFICERS (x2)CARE International in Turkey (CARE), together with its partners, is providing humanitarian assistance to people affected by the Syrian crisis, both in Syria and Turkey. In response to the large-scale influx of refugees in late September/early October 2014, CARE began projects in southern Turkey.I - Position SummaryManaged by the Program Manager and working in collaboration with technical staff, the Community Field Officers (one focusing on the Nizip area, one on the Urfa/Suruç area)

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Thailand: Senior Budget &amp; Administrative Assistant (source: Relief Web)

Organization: UN Children&#039;s FundCountry: ThailandClosing date: 12 Nov 2014Purpose of the PositionUnder the overall supervision of Regional Chief of Operations, the staff member will be responsible for providing administrative/logistics support and assisting the Regional Chief of Operations in performing his/her oversight, quality assurance and technical advisory responsibilities on operational matters to the 14 country offices in East Asia &amp; Pacific Region. Particular emphasis on budget process, audit/control self-assessment, compiling/monitoring data on performance indicators,

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Madagascar: MdM recherche un LOGISTICIEN (H/F) pour Madagascar (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Médecins du MondeCountry: MadagascarClosing date: 31 Jan 2015Médecins du Monde, association médicale militante de solidarité internationale, s'engage depuis plus de 30 ans à soigner les populations les plus vulnérables ici et là-bas, à témoigner des entraves constatées quant à l’accès aux soins, à obtenir des améliorations durables des politiques de santé pour tous.Association indépendante nous agissons au-delà du soin en dénonçant les atteintes à la dignité et aux droits humains et en nous battant pour améliorer la situation des populations précaires.A l’international, MdM

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

USPSC Support Relief Group (SRG) - Humanitarian Policy and Global Engagement (HPGE) Specialist (source: Relief Web)

Organization: US Agency for International DevelopmentClosing date: 03 Nov 2014Request for Personal Service ContractorUSAID Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster AssistancePosition Title: Support Relief Group (SRG) – Humanitarian Policy and Global Engagement (HPGE) SpecialistSolicitation Number: SOL-OFDA-14-000057Salary Level: GS-14 Equivalent: $85,544 - $111,203(Hourly Rate: $40.99 - $53.28) (Daily Rate: $327.92 - $426.24)Issuance Date: September 15, 2014Closing Date: November 3, 2014 (Deadline Extended)Closing Time: 5:00 P.M. ESTDear Prospective Applicants:The United States

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

WEST AFRICA RESILIENCE LEARNING COORDINATOR - Ref: 55/14-15 (source: Relief Web)

Organization: Oxfam IntermónClosing date: 23 Nov 2014Purpose of the JobTo support the better practice of resilience by the West Africa region of Oxfam (and in so doing of Oxfam and other actors) through supporting and implementing learning processes and events that generate evidence and knowledge to be taken up and used by practitioners (programme and influencing staff) within the West African region.This will be done through coordination with existing West Africa staff in particular the research, MEL and programmes staff and with the support of the Resilience Knowledge Hub which delivers

Fri, 31 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Senior Gender Expert Consultancy (home-based)

UNICEF seeks a senior expert in Gender and Development to serve as a consultant supporting the technical review and selection of applicants for two important recruitment processes that UNICEF is undertaking for senior level positions on gender. The consultant will serve as the technical expert to shortlist, screen, and help assess suitable candidates for a) the recruitment of 7 Regional Gender Advisors and b) the placement into two Talent Groups of Gender and Development Specialists (at the P-4 level) and Senior Gender and Development Specialists (at the P-5 level). The ideal candidate for this

Thu, 30 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Regional Gender Advisors, P-5

If you are an experienced gender and development professional with strong credentials in rigorous programme design, implementation and evaluation, and have a passion for advancing gender equality and making a lasting difference for women, children and adolescents, UNICEF wants to hear from you! UNICEF is currently recruiting for 7 Regional Gender Advisors located in Amman, Jordan; Dakar, Senegal; K