The General Assembly of the United Nations, on December 7, 1965, adopted by acclamation a Declaration on the Promotion among Youth of the Ideals of Peace, Mutual Respect and Understanding between Peoples. In adopting the Declaration the Assembly took into consideration the fact that in the "conflagrations which have afflicted mankind it has been the young people who have had to suffer most and who have had the greatest number of victims". It was convinced that young people wished to have an assured future and that peace, freedom and justice were among the chief guarantees that their desires for happiness would be fulfilled.
The Assembly also had in mind the important part being played by young people in every field of human endeavour and the fact that they were destined to guide the future of mankind.
Proclaiming the Declaration the General Assembly called upon Governments, non-governmental organizations and youth movements to recognize its principles and to ensure their observance by means of appropriate measures.
The full text of the Declaration is given below.
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
Recalling that under the terms of the Charter of the United Nations the peoples have declared themselves determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war,
Recalling further that the United Nations has affirmed in the Charter its faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity of the human person and in the equal rights of men and nations,
Reaffirming the principles embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, the United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, General Assembly resolution 110 (II) of 3 November 1947 condemning all forms of propaganda designed or likely to provoke or encourage any threat to the peace, the Declaration of the Rights of the Child and General Assembly resolution 1572 (XV) of 18 December 1960, which have a particular bearing upon the upbringing of young people in a spirit of peace, mutual respect and understanding among peoples,
Recalling that the purpose of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization is to contribute to peace and security by promoting collaboration among nations through education, science and culture, and recognizing the role and contributions of that organization towards the education of young people in the spirit of international understanding, co-operation and peace,
Taking into consideration the fact that in the conflagrations which have afflicted mankind it has been the young people who have had to suffer most and who have had the greatest number of victims,
Convinced that young people wish to have an assured future and that peace, freedom and justice are among the chief guarantees that their desire for happiness will be fulfilled,
Bearing in mind the important part being played by young people in every field of human endeavor and the fact that they are destined to guide the fortunes of mankind,
Bearing in mind furthermore that, in this age of great scientific, technological and cultural achievements, the energies, enthusiasm and creative abilities of the young should be devoted to the material and spiritual advancement of all peoples,
Convinced that the young should know, respect and develop the cultural heritage of their own country and that of all mankind,
Convinced furthermore that the education of the young and exchanges of young people and of ideas in a spirit of peace, mutual respect and understanding between peoples can help to improve international relations and to strengthen peace and security,
Proclaims this Declaration on the Promotion among Youth of the Ideals of Peace, Mutual Respect and Understanding between Peoples and calls upon Governments, nongovernmental organizations and youth movements to recognize the principles set forth therein and to ensure their observance by means of appropriate measures:
Young people shall be brought up in the spirit of peace, justice, freedom, mutual respect and understanding in order to promote equal rights for all human beings and all nations, economic and social progress, disarmament and the maintenance of international peace and security.
All means of education, including as of major importance the guidance given by parents or family, instruction and information intended for the young should foster among them the ideals of peace, humanity, liberty and international solidarity and all other ideals which help to bring peoples closer together, and acquaint them with the role entrusted to the United Nations as a means of preserving and maintaining peace and promoting international understanding and cooperation.
Young people shall be brought up in the knowledge of the dignity and equality of all men, without distinction as to race, colour, ethnic origins or beliefs, and in respect for fundamental human rights and for the right of peoples to self determination.
Exchanges, travel, tourism, meetings, the study of foreign languages, the twinning of towns and universities without discrimination and similar activities should be encouraged and facilitated among young people of all countries in order to bring them together ineducational, cultural and sporting activities in the spirit of this Declaration.
National and international associations of young people should be encouraged to promote the purposes of the United Nations, particularly international peace and security, friendly relations among nations based on respect for the equal sovereignty of States, the final abolition of colonialism and of racial discrimination and other violations of human rights.
Youth organizations in accordance with this Declaration should take all appropriate measures within their respective fields of activity in order to make their contribution without any discrimination to the work of educating the young generation in accordance with these ideals.
Such organizations, in conformity with the principle of freedom of association, should promote the free exchange of ideas in the spirit of the principles of this Declaration and of the purposes of the United Nations set forth in the Charter.
All youth organizations should conform to the principles set forth in this Declaration.
A major aim in educating the young shall be to develop all their faculties and to train them to acquire higher moral qualities, to be deeply attached to the noble ideals of peace, liberty, the dignity and equality of all men and imbued with respect and love for humanity and its creative achievements. To this end the family has an important role to play.
Young people must become conscious of their responsibilities in the world they will be called upon to manage and should be inspired with confidence in a future of happiness for mankind.
Published by United Nations Office of Public Information
Litho in UN. 03060-February 1966-65M
Reprinted in U.N. 69-29341-January 1970-50M